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Baandrup Louise - - 2013
Approximately 90% of genital warts (GWs) are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. Denmark has provided the quadrivalent HPV vaccine to all 12-year-old girls since 2009 and catch-up vaccination to girls up to 15 years since 2008, with up to 80% to 85% vaccine coverage. We determined ...
van Griethuijsen Linnea I - - 2013
Aimed movements require that an animal accurately locates the target and correctly reaches that location. One such behavior is the defensive strike seen in Manduca sexta larva. These caterpillars respond to noxious mechanical stimuli applied to their abdomen with a strike of the mandibles towards the location of the stimulus. ...
Brydges Ryan - - 2013
Context  Simulation-based medical education allows trainees to engage in self-regulated learning (SRL), yet research aimed at elucidating the mechanisms of SRL in this context is relatively absent. We compared 'unguided' SRL with 'directed' SRL (DSRL), wherein learners followed an expert-designed booklet. Methods  Year 1 medical students (n = 37) were randomly assigned to ...
Li Fujing - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury contributes to hepatic dysfunction and failure after liver transplantation, major hepatic resection, trauma, and hypovolemic shock. Therefore, reducing I/R injury is an important goal to improve the outcome of these procedures. Recently, high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) has been identified as a pathogenic mediator ...
Cordero-Coma Miguel - - 2013
Purpose: To establish evidence-based recommendations regarding the use of anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (TNF-α) agents for managing uveitis patients. Methods: Medline was searched via OVID (1950 - October Week 3, 2011) using a Cochrane highly sensitive search (phases 1 and 2). Additional literature searches were also conducted incuding the following ...
Pillay Mershen - - 2013
Abstract Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, and Marshal (2013) argued that the speech-language pathology profession must be encouraged to consider novel ways to deliver equitable services to people with communication disorders. People with communication disorders include the world's 215 million international migrants who deserve unique commentary when considering disability in the world. ...
Bleakley Alan - - 2013
CONTEXT  There is increasing interest in establishing the medical humanities as core integrated provision in undergraduate medicine curricula, but sceptics point to the lack of evidence for their impact upon patient care. Further, the medical humanities culture has often failed to provide a convincing theoretical rationale for the inclusion of ...
Kishore Sarita A - - 2013
Purpose: To report dislocation of dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex®) into the anterior chamber and to discuss intervention options. Design: Interventional case report. Methods: An 89-year-old woman presented after Ozurdex® implant injection for chronic cystoid macular edema secondary to idiopathic intermediate uveitis. The dexamethasone implant dislocated into the anterior chamber. Pharmacologic dilation ...
Troitzsch Dirk - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that pretreatment with single-dose cyclosporine (CsA) prevents alterations and improves tissue oxygen and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase redox (CytOx) state in skeletal muscle ischemia and reperfusion-reoxygenation (I/R). Latissimus dorsi muscle was prepared and mobilized in New Zealand white rabbits. Ischemia was induced for 4 h, followed by 2 ...
Rees Charlotte E - - 2013
Introduction  Bedside teaching is essential for helping students develop skills, reasoning and professionalism, and involves the learning triad of student, patient and clinical teacher. Although current rhetoric espouses the sharing of power, the medical workplace is imbued with power asymmetries. Power is context-specific and although previous research has explored some ...
Fiedler Jan - - 2013
The complexity of posttranscriptional regulation by noncoding microRNAs (miRNAs, miRs) is still not completely understood. A large fraction of the genome is under the control of miRs via (partial) complementary base pairing within the corresponding mRNA region. Myocardial infarction is characterized by strongly altered gene expression, deregulation of underlying signaling ...
Magee Barry - - 2013
Nociception allows for immediate reflex withdrawal whereas pain allows for longer-term protection via rapid learning. We examine here whether shore crabs placed within a brightly lit chamber learn to avoid one of two dark shelters when that shelter consistently results in shock. Crabs were randomly selected to receive shock or ...
Mišak Zrinjka - - 2013
: To diagnose coeliac disease (CD) in children younger than 2 years, the old ESPGHAN criteria based on 3 small bowel biopsies were recommended until recently. The aim of the present study was to investigate the applicability of only 1 small intestinal biopsy plus positive serology for the diagnosis of ...
Raat A N Janet - - 2013
Context  During clinical rotations, students move from one clinical situation to another. Questions exist about students' strategies for coping with these transitions. These strategies may include a process of social comparison because in this context it offers the student an opportunity to estimate his or her abilities to master a ...
Edelman J James B - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Persistent alteration to host polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) physiology has been demonstrated after cardiac surgery performed with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). However, to date, PMN physiology and function beyond the first 24 h have not been investigated after cardiac surgery performed without CPB (off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting [OPCAB]). Blood samples ...
Goldstein Stephanie A - - 2013
: We reviewed our institution's experience with Peutz-Jegher syndrome (PJS) in children to determine whether current recommendations on timing of screening and follow-up should be modified. : We reviewed the charts of all of the children with a diagnosis of PJS at our institution from 2000 to 2011 abstracting data ...
Grierson Lawrence E M - - 2013
Objectives  It is well known that precision skills are best learned when they are practised in the sensorimotor context that is present when performance is most important. However, a particular skill may vary with respect to the sensorimotor context in which it is performed. Certain sensorimotor variations can make a ...
Deering Kathleen N - - 2013
This study characterized the type and frequency of violence against female sex workers (FSWs) perpetrated by their clients and their main intimate or other nonpaying partner (NPP) and examined the relationship between violence and inconsistent condom use (ICU, <100%). The factors associated with client violence were also assessed. Data were ...
Buell Susan - - 2013
Abstract Implications of the World Report on Disability for people with communication disabilities (PWCD), as described by Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, and Marshall (2013) , include a drive for better demographic information, increased campaigning, and organizational change to improve speech-language pathology services. Qualitative data collected from PWCD and their families in ...
Taylor Brandie Depaoli - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), the infection and inflammation of the female genital tract, results in serious reproductive morbidity including infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a complex alteration of the vaginal flora that has been implicated in PID. The role of BV in the etiology and pathogenesis ...
Wan Chee Kwang - - 2013
We report a case of anti-40kDa protein autoimmune retinopathy developing 9 years after thymoma excision on a background of Good Syndrome-associated cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis that suggests a separate pathogenetic pathway from that of previously reported thymoma-associated autoimmune retinopathies.
Sittivarakul Wantanee - - 2013
Purpose: To identify the characteristics (demographics, anatomical classification, diagnoses, and treatment) of all uveitis patients who were seen at our newly started Uveitis and Ocular Inflammatory Disease Clinic over a two-year period. Methods: The computerized uveitis database files and medical records for all new consecutive patients seen at our Uveitis ...
Kathard Harsha - - 2013
Abstract In the context of the World Report on Disability, Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, and Marshall (2013) question how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) change practices to benefit under-served people with communication disability. This commentary provides a South African response premised on Political Consciousness. In South Africa, a grossly unequal society, the under-served ...
van der Pol Rachel J - - 2013
: Discordance exists between outcomes of endoscopy, multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring (pH-MII), MII baselines, and gastroesophageal reflux symptoms. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between endoscopy, pH-MII and MII baselines, in children with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms. : Endoscopies were graded for reflux esophagitis (RE). Biopsies ...
Stewart William J - - 2013
The ability of fish to evade predators is central to the ecology and evolution of a diversity of species. However, it is largely unclear how prey fish detect predators in order to initiate their escape. We tested whether larval zebrafish (Danio rerio) sense the flow created by adult predators of ...
McAllister Lindy - - 2013
Abstract Challenges to the conceptualization and delivery of services for people with communication disabilities (PWCD) have been described in the lead article in this issue, which was itself a response to the World Report on Disability. A number of commentaries followed the lead article, where authors from around the world ...
Chan Carmen K M - - 2013
Purpose: To describe the clinical characteristics of Chinese patients with intermediate uveitis (IU). Methods: Retrospective review of patients with IU with at least 6 months follow-up. Results: Seventy patients were identified and the mean follow-up was 59.7 months. The mean age at presentation was 33.1 years. Fifteen (21.4%) patients had ...
Eshwika Ahmed - - 2013
Abstract Caspofungin is a member of the echinocandin class of antifungal agents that inhibit the synthesis of β 1,3 glucan thus disrupting fungal cell wall structure and function. Exposure of the Aspergillus fumigatus cultures to caspofungin (0.01, 0.1 or 1.0 μg/ml) resulted in a reduction in cell growth, but the ...
Demirel Soner - - 2013
Purpose: To investigate the toxic-inflammatory effects of prostaglandin analogs on the ocular surface. Materials and methods: Twenty-three rats were divided into four groups. Bimatoprost 0.03% (I), latanoprost 0.005% (II), and travoprost 0.004% (III) were applied during 6 months; a control group (IV) received no treatment. Dysplasia and keratinization were evaluated ...
Olszewska Ewa - - 2013
Immunoexpression analysis of p53 and p21 in congenital cholesteatoma with assessing their exact localization in cholesteatoma layers and the level of expression. P53 and p21 are apoptosis-related molecules that regulate cell cycle. These markers have been not completely evaluated in congenital cholesteatoma, and the role of apoptosis in congenital cholesteatoma ...
Gottlieb Sami L - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We critically reviewed randomized controlled trials evaluating chlamydia screening to prevent pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and explored factors affecting interpretation and translation of trial data into public health prevention. Taken together, data from these trials offer evidence that chlamydia screening and treatment is an important and useful intervention to ...
Enoch Lindsey - - 2013
Context  Given the trend among medical students away from primary care medicine and toward specialties that allow for more controllable lifestyles, the identification of factors associated with specialty choice is important. Burnout is one such factor. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between burnout and residency ...
Kolb E M - - 2013
Increased brain size, relative to body mass, is a primary characteristic distinguishing the mammalian lineage. This greater encephalization has come with increased behavioral complexity and, accordingly, it has been suggested that selection on behavioral traits has been a significant factor leading to the evolution of larger whole-brain mass. In addition, ...
Arcinue Cheryl A - - 2013
Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of cyclosporine/mycophenolate mofetil (CSA/MMF) and cyclosporine/azathioprine (CSA/AZT) in Vogt-Koyonagi-Harada (VKH) patients. Methods: Retrospective comparative case series with follow-up period of at least 1 year. Outcomes include remission rate and corticosteroid-sparing effect. Results: A total of 10 patients were included (5 patients in CSA/MMF, ...
Kerani Roxanne Pieper - - 2013
Little is known about how men who have sex with men (MSM) exposed to a sexually transmitted infection respond to receiving patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT) or electronic partner notification postcards (e-cards). We anonymously surveyed MSM in a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic and a private medical practice. Three scenarios were ...
Mossop Liz - - 2013
CONTEXT  Major influences on learning about medical professionalism come from the hidden curriculum. These influences can contribute positively or negatively towards the professional enculturation of clinical students. The fact that there is no validated method for identifying the components of the hidden curriculum poses problems for educators considering professionalism. The ...
Ahmad Kartini - - 2013
Abstract The current paper is a response to the Wiley, McAllister, Davidson, and Marshall lead article regarding the application of the World Report on Disability (WRD) to people with communication disorders. The current paper directly addresses recommendation 5 (improvement of human resource capacity) and indirectly addresses recommendations 7, 8, and ...
Errera Marie-Hélène - - 2013
Purpose: To target the use of two biologic tests in the diagnostic of viral Herpesviridae anterior uveitis (AC) by the consideration of clinical behavior and delay of intraocular sampling. Methods: Aqueous humor samples were collected from 42 patients suspected of having AU of infectious origin at presentation. The diagnosis of ...
Rivers Emanuel P - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Improving time to diagnosis and intervention has positively impacted outcomes in acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and trauma through elucidating the early pathogenesis of those diseases. This insight may partly explain the futility of time-insensitive immunotherapy trials for severe sepsis and septic shock. The aim of this study was to ...
Park Ga Young - - 2013
To evaluate the auditory and speech outcome in deaf children with deaf parents (CDP) after cochlear implantation (CI), emphasizing both the presence of additional caregiver and patients' main communication mode. Retrospective case review. Cochlear implant center at a tertiary referral hospital. Fourteen CDP and 14 age- and sex-matched deaf children ...
Lago Eleonor G - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate clinical features and outcomes of children treated for congenital syphilis (CS). Infants born alive in the public sector of São Lucas Hospital, Porto Alegre, Brazil, 1997 to 2004, whose mothers had syphilis and neonates with CS born in other facilities and admitted ...
Wilkinson Tim J - - 2013
Objectives  This study aimed to quantify the effects of two distinct and separate disruptions caused by earthquakes to a medical school learning environment on two separate cohorts of Year 5 medical students. Methods  The first disruption was caused by an earthquake of magnitude 7.1 that occurred near the end of the ...
Derive Marc - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a TREM (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1)-like transcript 1-derived peptide (LR12) administration during septic shock in pigs. Two hours after induction of a fecal peritonitis, anesthetized and mechanically ventilated adult male minipigs were randomized to receive ...
Zanchi Chiara - - 2013
: Leonardo da Vinci's face symmetry derives from 3 equal craniofacial segments: trichion-nasion (tn), which represents the superior third of the face, nasion-subnasal (ns) that is the medium third of the face, and subnasal-gnathion (sg) that is the length of the lower third of the face. It has been reported ...
Christiansen Fredrik - - 2013
Seasonal trends in energy storage of the minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), a capital breeder, were investigated in Iceland, a North Atlantic feeding ground. The aim was to better understand the energy acquisition strategies of minke whales and the energetic costs that different reproductive classes face during the breeding season. We ...
Abbott R - - 2013
Hybridization has many and varied impacts on the process of speciation. Hybridization may slow or reverse differentiation by allowing gene flow and recombination. It may accelerate speciation via adaptive introgression or cause near-instantaneous speciation by allopolyploidization. It may have multiple effects at different stages and in different spatial contexts within ...
Bozkurt Banu - - 2013
Purpose: To determine the prevalence of systemic atopy and immunoglobulin (Ig) deficiencies in vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Methods: Sixty-seven VKC subjects (79.1% boys) with a mean age of 11.3 ± 4.3 years were included. Serum Ig levels and specific IgE levels were measured using the nephelometric method and reversed enzyme immunoassay with sandwich ...
Wylie Karen - - 2013
Abstract The World Report on Disability provides a major challenge to the conceptualization and delivery of services for people with communication disabilities around the world. Many people, in both Majority and Minority World countries, receive limited or no support in relation to their communication disability. In this paper the prevalence ...
Cheng Li-Rong Lilly - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to provide commentary on the article entitled Changing practice: Implications of the World Report on Disability for responding to communication disability in underserved populations ( Wylie, McAllister, Davidson, & Marshall, 2013 ). It discusses the need to develop innovative ways to provide more ...
Golparian Daniel - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Genetic detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae is replacing culture for increased diagnostic sensitivity. Specificity of several nucleic acid amplification tests is suboptimal. Herein, the Gen-Probe APTIMA Combo 2 and APTIMA GC assays had 100% specificity and 100% sensitivity after confirmatory testing, when testing 298 isolates of nongonococcal Neisseria and related ...
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