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Akdag Mehmet Zulkuf - - 2013
Several studies still state that presently accepted safety standards for extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) do not provide adequate protection, and therefore the standards are still open to question. To help resolve this question, the aim of this study was to illuminate the interaction between biomolecules and ELF-MFs by investigating ...
Sierra Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain in a cross-sectional study whether substantia nigra (SN) echogenicity, olfaction, and dopamine transporter (DaT)-SPECT are reliable premotor biomarkers in a cohort of asymptomatic carriers of the LRRK2 G2019S mutation (AsG2019S+). METHODS: These biomarkers were evaluated in 49 AsG2019S+ patients, and we also studied olfaction and SN echogenicity ...
Coelho J S - - 2013
What is already known about this subject Thought-shape fusion (TSF) is a cognitive distortion associated with eating pathology. TSF is a phenomenon associated with perceptions of weight gain, body dissatisfaction and moral wrongdoing after merely thinking about consumption of high-caloric foods. Women who are overweight are less susceptible to inductions ...
Duplouy Anne - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis causes diverse and sometimes dramatic phenotypes in its invertebrate hosts. Four Wolbachia strains sequenced to date indicate that the constitution of the genome is dynamic, but these strains are quite divergent and do not allow resolution of genome diversification over shorter time periods. We ...
Coriddi Michelle - - 2013
Background:Improvements in satisfaction and quality of life following breast augmentation have been shown in the literature. However, few studies have used validated survey instruments. The BREAST-Q is a strong and validated questionnaire for breast augmentation.Objective:The authors implement the BREAST-Q to analyze patient-reported satisfaction and quality of life following breast augmentation.Methods:In ...
Naira Baghdasaryan - - 2013
The effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF EMF) on physicochemical properties of physiological solution at different environmental media were studied. The existence of frequency "windows" at 4 and 8 Hz frequencies of ELF EMF having effects on heat fusion period, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) formation and oxygen (O(2)) content of ...
Freire Raimundo - - 2013
Comment on: Macurek L, et al. Cell Cycle 2013; 12(2): In press.
Chang Joanne T - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) seropositivity is associated with sexual, environmental, and socioeconomic exposures. Whether these characteristics are independent risk factors is uncertain because of reliance on selected high-risk or hospital-based populations and incomplete adjustment for confounding. Therefore, we evaluated risk factors for KSHV seropositivity in a population-based study ...
da Rocha Castelar Pinheiro Geraldo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Increasing severity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may result in poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL), reduced work productivity and increased resource utilisation. This study investigated the impact of RA severity on HRQoL and healthcare resource utilisation among RA patients in Brazil. METHODS: Data were drawn from an observational cross-sectional ...
Julian Laurel - - 2013
Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) causes the highly contagious, in some cases fatal, Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) in parrots. The European continent has no native parrots, yet in the past has been one of the world's biggest importers of wild-caught exotic parrot species. Following the banning of ...
Akbar Ali Mohammad - - 2013
The new tribasic N(2)S(2) ligand H(3)ttfasbz has been synthesized by condensation of 4-thenoyl 2,2,2-trifluoroacetone and S-benzyl dithiocarbazate. On complexation with copper(II) acetate, spontaneous oxidation to the Cu(III) oxidation state is observed, and the complex [Cu(ttfasbz)] has been isolated and characterized structurally. Reduction to the EPR active Cu(II) analogue has been ...
Zheng Zheng - - 2013
Leveillula taurica is an obligate fungal pathogen that causes powdery mildew disease on a broad range of plants including important crops such as pepper, tomato, eggplant, onion, cotton and so on. The early stage of this disease is difficult to diagnose and the disease can easily spread unobserved for example ...
Oldenhof Harriëtte - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine how different membrane permeable and impermeable cryoprotective agents modulate tolerance of stallion sperm to osmotic stress and stabilize membranes during cryopreservation. Special emphasis was on hydroxyl ethylene starch (HES), which exposes cells to minimal osmotic stress due to its large molecular weight. ...
Faber J H - - 2013
A large number of biological indicators have been proposed over the years for assessing soil quality. While many of those have been applied in monitoring schemes across Europe, no consensus exists on the extent to which these indicators might perform best and how monitoring schemes can be further optimised in ...
Hösli Raphael - - 2013
This study describes the development and validation of a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method to identify and quantitate phenytoin in brain microdialysate, saliva and blood from human samples.A solid-phase extraction (SPE) was performed with a nonpolar C8-SCX column. The eluate was evaporated with nitrogen (50°C) and derivatized with trimethylsulfonium hydroxide ...
Zhang Xiaoning - - 2013
Electrowetting was achieved on an ionic-liquid-coated (IL) dielectric layer at a driving voltage of just 70 mV and 5 V in AC and DC mode, respectively. AFM studies suggest that the high capacitance density of the ionic-liquid dielectric layer is the reason for the low voltage electrowetting (see picture; OTS=octadecyltrichlorosilane).
Cucu Tatiana - - 2013
Food allergy represents an important food safety issue because of the potential lethal effects and the only effective treatment is the complete removal of the allergen involved from diet. However, due to the growing complexity of food formulations and food processing, foods may be unintentionally contaminated via allergen-containing ingredients or ...
Feng Chenchen - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of Holmium: YAG laser lithotripsy for ureteral steinstrasse after extracorporeal shock lithotripsy (SWL). Material and methods: Holmium: YAG laser lithotripsy was performed on 21 patients who had developed ureteral steinstrasse post-SWL. Results: Nineteen cases had successful treatment. The ureteral steinstrasse was cleared within one ...
Namiki Shigehiro - - 2013
Correlated spiking activity prevails in immature cortical networks and is believed to contribute to neuronal circuit maturation; however, its spatiotemporal organization is not fully understood. Using wide-field calcium imaging from acute whole-brain slices of rat pups on postnatal days 1-6, we found that correlated spikes were initiated in the anterior ...
Park Soo Hyun - - 2013
A focal stimulus triggers neural activity that spreads to cortical regions far beyond the stimulation site, creating a so-called "cortical point spread" (CPS). Animal studies found that V1 neurons possess lateral connections with neighboring neurons that prefer similar orientations and to neurons representing visuotopic regions that are constrained by their ...
Pootawang Panuphong - - 2013
In this study, we investigate a new synthetic route, termed the solution plasma process, for the synthesis of colloidal copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) in the presence of an amide and acid capping agent. Gelatin and ascorbic acid were selected as the capping agents to protect the particles against coalescence and oxidation ...
Desbois G - - 2013
The contribution describes the implementation of a broad ion beam (BIB) polisher into a scanning electron microscope (SEM) functioning at cryogenic temperature (cryo). The whole system (BIB-cryo-SEM) provides a first generation of a novel multibeam electron microscope that combines broad ion beam with cryogenic facilities in a conventional SEM to ...
Romeiro Fernando Gomes - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a severe complication in patients with hepatic cirrhosis, which causes numerous hospital admissions and deaths. Antibiotics are the best options in HE treatment, but head-to-head comparisons between these drugs are scarce. Erythromycin combines the antimicrobial effect and prokinetic properties in the same drug, but ...
van Amsterdam Jan - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to create awareness of the negative health impact and economic burden and benefits associated to alcohol consumption. Worldwide about two billion people consume alcohol. Low intake of alcohol has a minor protective cardiovascular effect. On the other hand, even moderate alcohol consumption appears to ...
Fischer Ashley L - - 2013
Objectives. Age reductions in theory of mind (ToM) are well documented, though underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Research suggests that traditional cognitive abilities underlie ToM in part; however, whether age-associated health modifiers also predict ToM remains unknown. We investigated the role of pulse pressure (PP), an age-related marker of vascular ...
Flegr Jaroslav - - 2013
ABSTRACT: : Punctuational theories of evolution suggest that adaptive evolution proceeds mostly, or even entirely, in the distinct periods of existence of a particular species. The mechanisms of this punctuated nature of evolution suggested by the various theories differ. Therefore the predictions of particular theories concerning various evolutionary phenomena also ...
Privman Vladimir - - 2013
We develop a framework for optimizing a novel approach to extending the linear range of bioanalytical systems and biosensors by utilizing two enzymes with different kinetic responses to the input chemical as their substrate. Data for the flow-injection amperometric system devised for detection of lysine based on the function of ...
Yang Ya - - 2013
In general, methyl orange (MO) can be degraded by an electrocatalytic oxidation process driven by a power source due to the generation of superoxidative hydroxyl radical on the anode. Here, we report a hybrid energy cell that is used for a self-powered electrocatalytic process for the degradation of MO without ...
Lindsay C J - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this paper is to bridge the gap between the corpus of imitation research and video-based intervention (VBI) research, and consider the impact imitation skills may be having on VBI outcomes and highlight potential areas for improving efficacy. Method: A review of the imitation literature was conducted ...
Chin E - - 2013
Four-dimensional volumetric modulated arc therapy (4D VMAT) is a treatment strategy for lung cancers that aims to exploit relative target and tissue motion to improve organ at risk (OAR) sparing. The algorithm incorporates the entire patient respiratory cycle using 4D CT data into the optimization process. Resulting treatment plans synchronize ...
Mayson T A - - 2013
Objectives: To assess "alternate forms" reliability and inter-rater reliability of Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) scores. Methods: Fifty randomly selected children with cerebral palsy were divided into two groups: (1) GMFCS score assigned during gait assessment ("GMFCS previously assigned") and (2) no GMFCS score assigned. Using database information, two ...
Cohen Raphael - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The increasing availability of Electronic Health Record (EHR) data and specifically free-text patient notes presents opportunities for phenotype extraction. Text-mining methods in particular can help disease modeling by mapping named-entities mentions to terminologies and clustering semantically related terms. EHR corpora, however, exhibit specific statistical and linguistic characteristics when ...
Rahnama Ruyan - - 2013
Local anesthetics are frequently delivered intra-articularly to provide perioperative pain control. Previous studies have shown that the commonly used drugs lidocaine, ropivacaine, and bupivacaine can be toxic to human chondrocytes. The present study was conducted to determine whether the toxic effects of local anesthetics on human chondrocytes also extend to ...
Rizk Guillaume - - 2013
SUMMARY: Counting all the k-mers (substrings of length k) in DNA/RNA sequencing reads is the preliminary step of many bioinformatics applications. However, state of the art k-mer counting methods require that a large data structure resides in memory. Such structure typically grows with the number of distinct k-mers to count.We ...
Gilani Fizza - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Antiplatelet therapy is recommended as part of a strategy to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, compliance with these guideline-recommended therapies appears to be less than ideal.OBJECTIVE:To assess the effect of adding pharmacists to primary care teams on initiation of guideline-concordant antiplatelet therapy ...
Rajabbeigi Elham - - 2013
This study was aimed to evaluate antioxidant response of parsley cells to 21 ppm iron and static magnetic field (SMF; 30 mT). The activity of catalase (CAT) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and the contents of malonyldialdehyde, iron and ferritin were measured at 6 and 12 h after treatments. Exposure to SMF increased the ...
Vanhoutte Paul M - - 2013
The presence of a healthy epithelium can moderate the contraction of the underlying airway smooth muscle. This is due in part because epithelial cells generate inhibitory messages, whether diffusible substances, electrophysiological signals or both. The epithelium-dependent inhibitory effect can be tonic (basal), synergistic or evoked. Rather than a unique epithelium-derived ...
Bar-Haim Simona - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To describe Re-Step™, a novel mechatronic shoe system that measures center of pressure (COP) gait parameters and complexity of COP dispersion while walking, and to demonstrate these measurements in healthy controls and individuals with hemiparesis and cerebral palsy (CP) before and after perturbation training. Method: The Re-Step™ was ...
Bendeck Murielle - - 2013
Background Cost of illness (COI) studies are carried out under conditions of uncertainty and with incomplete information. There are concerns regarding their generalisability, accuracy and usability in evidence-informed care. Aims A hybrid methodology is used to estimate the regional costs of depression in Catalonia (Spain) following an integrative approach. Methods ...
Ennis Holly - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent of body image dissatisfaction (BID) in patients with self-reported systemic sclerosis (SSc)-related telangiectases and to identify the demographic, psychological and disease-related correlates of BID within a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Patients with SSc were invited to participate in a questionnaire survey. Each completed the Adjusted Satisfaction ...
Ji Ling - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the chemical and structural changes in preserved white egg during pickled by vacuum technology. In order to evaluate the changes of preserved egg white during its salted period, sulfhydryl group, disulfide bond contents, and surface hydrophobicity were measured. Fourier transformation infrared ...
Choi Hyo-Jick - - 2013
Aqueous channels of foam represent a simplified, natural bioreactor on the micro-/nano-scale. Previous studies have demonstrated the feasibility and potential application of foams in replicating cellular process in vitro, but no research has been performed to establish a basis for designing stable and biocompatible foam formulations. Our research has been ...
Rodriguez-Palacios Alex - - 2013
Many articles have summarized the changing epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) in humans, but the emerging presence of C. difficile in foods and animals and possible measures to reduce human exposure to this important pathogen have been infrequently addressed. CDIs have traditionally been assumed to be restricted to health-care ...
Stewart David W - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) have both developed evidence-based guidelines to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in high-risk orthopedic surgery patients. Recent changes to these documents have brought them into agreement as to the inclusion of aspirin as an appropriate option ...
Yuan Jun-Bin - - 2013
WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Bladder cancer (BC) is a public health problem throughout the world, and now radical cystectomy (RC) has been introduced as a standard treatment for BC invading muscle and some BCs not invading muscle. Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is ...
Koike Kazuyuki - - 2013
Spin-polarized scanning electron microscopy (spin-SEM) is a magnetic domain observation method. In spin-SEM, polarization of secondary electrons emitted from a sample in a scanning electron microscope is detected by a spin detector and used as a signal for forming an image. The characteristics of spin-SEM are detection of all three ...
Chen Yueyue - - 2013
All-trans retinoic acid (RA) has been proved to play important roles in regulating cell growth in various types of cells. But most experiments were performed by adding RA in solution previously. In this paper, we focus on the incorporation of RA, as a negatively charged moiety, into layered polyelectrolyte films ...
Guney Tezcan - - 2013
The total synthesis of paracaseolide A, a valuable cell-cycle progression inhibitor, was accomplished in 8 steps from known compounds, with 6.6% overall yield. The synthetic strategy creates strong potential for diversification.
Yoon Cindy W - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Despite many neuropsychological studies to differentiate subcortical vascular dementia (SVaD) from Alzheimer disease (AD), previous studies did not eliminate confounding effects of mixed Alzheimer and vascular pathology. We aimed to investigate neuropsychological differences between patients with Pittsburgh compound B (PiB)-negative SVaD and those with PiB-positive AD. METHODS: We recruited ...
Schupfner R - - 2013
Background: Thorax injuries are to be found in approximately 78 % amongst all victims of accidents. Moreover they implicate an increase in mortality rate. Consequently an adequate contemporary treatment has to begin preclinically, even if the conditions are less comfortable than in a clinical setting. Emergency doctors need to be familiar ...
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