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Results 451 - 500 of 3031
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Schubert Tom - - 2013
A 13 mo old spayed female mixed-breed dog presented in a nonambulatory state that was attributed to severe myoclonus secondary to distemper. The authors hypothesized that mitigating the myoclonus would help the dog become ambulatory and expedite convalescence. They injected the severely affected muscles with botulinum toxin on two separate ...
Das Rudra Narayan - - 2013
In order to protect the life of all creatures living in the environment, the toxicity arising from various hazardous chemicals must be controlled. This imposes a serious responsibility on different chemical, pharmaceutical, and other biological industries to produce less harmful chemicals. Among various international initiatives on harmful aspects of chemicals, ...
Depledge M H - - 2013
Early steps in the emergence of the discipline of "Oceans and Human Health" are charted in the USA and discussed in relation to past and present marine environment and human health research activities in Europe. Differences in terminology are considered, as well as differences in circumstances related to the various ...
Zhou Mowei - - 2013
Charge states of noncovalent protein complexes in the gas phase are known to affect their propensity for unfolding and dissociation. In this work, C-reactive protein (CRP) pentamer and Concanavalin A (ConA) tetramer at different charge states were subjected to collision induced dissociation (CID) and surface induced dissociation (SID) in a ...
Liu Dongye - - 2013
The forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) transcription factor plays crucial roles in regulating the proliferation, differentiation, and transformation of cells. Overexpression of FOXM1 is associated with a variety of aggressive solid carcinomas, including bladder cancer. However, the precise role and molecular mechanism responsible for the aggressive action of FOXM1 in bladder ...
Ji Xuemei - - 2013
Antagonists of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFa) have revolutionized the treatment of selected inflammatory diseases. Recombination Camelidae variable heavy-chain domain-only TNFa antibodies (anti-TNF-V(H)H) have been developed to antagonize the action of human and murine TNFa. Here, we describe a strategy to obtain functional covalent dimer anti-TNF-V(H)H molecules with the C-terminal ...
Kanzaki Masato - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is widely used for resecting early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Segmentectomy and subsegmentectomy require a thorough knowledge of the 3-D bronchovascular anatomy of the lung. Previously, our department reported using a 3-D pulmonary model of a patient for thoracoscopic surgical treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. ...
Gatto Mariele - - 2013
Serine protease inhibitors (serpins) are evolutionary old, structurally conserved molecules which encompass nearly all branches of life. More than 1,000 serpins were characterized to date which are subdivided into 16 subgroups (A-P) according to their common ancestry; among them, 37 are found in humans. Serpins were termed after their capability ...
Spielberg Freya - - 2013
Abstract Microfinance can be used to reach women and adolescent girls with HIV prevention education. We report findings from a cluster-randomized control trial among 55 villages in West Bengal to determine the impact of non-formal education on knowledge, attitudes and behaviors for HIV prevention and savings. Multilevel regression models were ...
He Xuelian - - 2013
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common form of systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology. This study aimed at reviewing published studies investigating the association of genetic polymorphisms with HSP and its severity. We systematically reviewed all published data on genetic risk factors for HSP by searching MEDLINE. We also performed ...
Kristanto Wisnumurti - - 2013
Computed tomography (CT) may characterize lipid-rich and presumably rupture-prone non-calcified coronary atherosclerotic plaque based on its Hounsfield-Unit (HU), but still inconclusively. This study aimed to evaluate factors influencing the HU-value of non-calcified plaque using software simulation. Several realistic virtual plaqueburdened coronary phantoms were constructed at 5 μm resolution. CT scanning was ...
Novoyatleva Tatyana T Department of Cardiac Development and Remodelling, Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, Bad Nauheim, - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a fatal disease for which no cure is yet available. The leading cause of death in PAH is right ventricular (RV) failure. Previously, the TNF receptor superfamily member fibroblast growth factor-inducible molecule 14 (Fn14) has been associated with different fibrotic diseases. However, so far there ...
Tian Yongjun - - 2013
Cubic boron nitride (cBN) is a well known superhard material that has a wide range of industrial applications. Nanostructuring of cBN is an effective way to improve its hardness by virtue of the Hall-Petch effect--the tendency for hardness to increase with decreasing grain size. Polycrystalline cBN materials are often synthesized ...
Pointer Emmy - - 2013
The objectives of this retrospective study were to identify the most common clinicopathologic abnormalities in starved dogs, assess the time required for those abnormalities to resolve, and determine whether clinicopathologic abnormalities recorded at time of intake to the hospital influenced time to regain weight. Records of 152 very underweight or ...
Kostova Bistra B Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University-Sofia, 2 Dunav Str, 1000, Sofia, - - 2013
Thermoresponsive amphiphilic conetworks comprising poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (PEtOx), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate, and 2-hydroxypropyl acrylate segments have been studied as new platforms for delivery of drug with limited solubility. Series of conetworks of varied composition were synthesized and swelling kinetics in aqueous media and ethanol were followed. The platforms were loaded with the hydrophobic ...
Eijkelenboom Astrid - - 2013
Forkhead box O (FOXO) transcription factors are involved in the regulation of the cell cycle, apoptosis and metabolism. In model organisms, FOXO activity also affects stem cell maintenance and lifespan as well as age-related diseases, such as cancer and diabetes. Multiple upstream pathways regulate FOXO activity through post-translational modifications and ...
Song Yipeng - - 2013
The three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D CRT) plays an important role in the combination treatment of esophageal carcinoma. However, an accurate estimation of the clinical target volume (CTV) of esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESCC) by 3D CRT is still problematic. This study aimed to provide reference values for CTV estimation. The serial ...
Jiang Tian-Fang - - 2013
Parkinson's disease (PD) is pathologically characterized by the presence of α-synuclein positive intracytoplasmic inclusions. The missense mutation, A53T α-synuclein is closely related to hereditary, early-onset PD. Accumulating evidences suggest that pathological accumulation of A53T α-synuclein protein will perturb itself to be efficiently and normally degraded through its usual degradation pathway, ...
Marcus Erin N - - 2013
Research suggests that women with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) and ethnic minority women are at increased risk of being inadequately informed of their mammogram result. The purpose of this study is to explore breast imaging centers' communication practices and assess how these centers accommodate women with low literacy and LEP. ...
Samalavicius N E - - 2013
A 42-year-old Lithuanian male had up to 15 watery stools a day and lost 28 kg in three months. he had onychodystrophy, alopecia, hyperpigmentation of the skin of the forehead and a pale tongue. Endoscopy revealed multiple gastric polyps, a 'carpeted' duodenum, diffuse colorectal polyposis with fewer lesions in the ...
Kim Moon-Kyung - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To define a better cut-off value of the renal pelvis anteroposterior diameter (RPAPD) to predict persistent or progressive pyelectasis during pregnancy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 8873 women whose fetal RPAPD was measured. Midtrimester pyelectasis was defined as a RPAPD of ≥4 mm. Persistent/progressive pyelectasis was defined as a ...
De Rosa A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To review the outcomes of patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) treated by the "liver-first" approach. METHODS: Relevant articles were reviewed from the published literature using the Medline database. The search was performed using the keywords "colorectal cancer", "liver-first", "reverse strategy", "liver metastases", "liver resection" and "hepatectomy". RESULTS: ...
Randall J Michael JM Department of Medicine, Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, San Diego, CA 92093, USA. - - 2013
This study aims to validate the ability to perform depression screening with the patient health questionnaire (PHQ)-2 and PHQ-9 depression modules in a busy, outpatient practice, and to evaluate the prevalence of depression among lung cancer outpatients at our institution. In 2010, 64 patients in a thoracic malignancy clinic completed ...
Gouw Samantha C SC Department of Pediatrics, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, Utrecht, The - - 2013
For previously untreated children with severe hemophilia A, it is unclear whether the type of factor VIII product administered and switching among products are associated with the development of clinically relevant inhibitory antibodies (inhibitor development). We evaluated 574 consecutive patients with severe hemophilia A (factor VIII activity, <0.01 IU per ...
Yamauchi Masahiro - - 2013
We have shown that two multidomain adaptor proteins, p140Cap and vinexin, interact with each other and are likely to be involved in neurotransmitter release. Because the basic molecular mechanism governing neurotransmitter and insulin secretion is conserved, these two proteins may also to play pivotal roles in insulin secretion. We therefore ...
Jeppesen Charlotte - - 2013
Polyunsaturated fatty acids are of particular interest in the nutritional therapy for diabetes, given their potential role in several pathophysiological processes related to cardiovascular disease. Both omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are beneficial for improving lipid profiles in healthy individuals and among type 2 diabetic patients: Supplementation with omega-3 fatty ...
Feng Tian-Xiang - - 2013
Aglinin A (1) is a mixture of C(24)-epimeric 20S,24-epoxy-24,25-dihydroxy-3,4-secodammar-4(28)-en-3-oic acid and present in plants of the family Meliaceae. The two epimers of 1 were resolved through an acetonide reaction, and the absolute configurations of two derivatives were deduced by the analysis of their (13)C NMR differences induced by γ-gauche or ...
Amir Mohd - - 2013
A series of 3-[(4-substituted-benzylidene)-amino]-2-phenyl-3H-quinazolin-4-ones (5a-k) were synthesized by reacting 3-amino-2-phenyl-1H-quinazolin-4-one with p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, and then further with various alkyl/benzyl halides or substituted phenacyl bromides. The structures of the compounds were confirmed on the basis of IR, NMR, MS and elemental analysis. Anticonvulsant activities were evaluated using the MES and scPTZ tests. ...
Richmond Bradley I BI Department of Orthopaedics, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, Manukau, 1640, New Zealand. - - 2013
Bone mineral density (BMD) in the proximal tibia decreases after TKA and is believed to be a factor in implant migration and loosening. Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is a less invasive procedure preserving knee compartments unaffected by degeneration. Finite element studies have suggested UKA may preserve BMD and that implants ...
Craig Douglas B - - 2013
Single molecule assays were performed on streptavidin-β-galactosidase using a capillary electrophoresis-based protocol in order to assess the suitability of single molecule β-galactosidase assays for adaptation to the detection of single copies of target DNA. The conjugate was found to have a heterogeneous catalytic rate, showing an average rate of 44,000 ± 24,000 min(-1), ...
Castro Simon - - 2013
Femoral-facial syndrome (FFS), also known as femoral hypoplasia-unusual facies syndrome, is a rare condition characterized by a variable degree of unilateral or bilateral femoral hypoplasia associated with facial anomalies. This report describes a case of FFS diagnosed after 13 weeks of pregnancy following the detection of severe micrognathia and bilateral ...
Seoane J - - 2013
Laser use for biopsy of suspicious lesions may simulate cytological atypia at the margin of the incisions, challenging pathological diagnosis. Erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser has shown promising results in experimental models by inducing fewer artifacts. The aims of this study were to examine the thermal wounds induced by Er,Cr:YSGG ...
Ju Ji-Hyun - - 2013
In breast cancer, the HER2 receptor tyrosine kinase is associated with extremely poor prognosis and survival. Notch signaling has a key role in cell-fate decision especially in cancer-initiating cells. The Notch intracellular domain produced by Notch cleavage is translocated to the nucleus where it activates transcription of target genes. To ...
Johnson Simon C SC Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, - - 2013
Many experts in the biology of ageing believe that pharmacological interventions to slow ageing are a matter of 'when' rather than 'if'. A leading target for such interventions is the nutrient response pathway defined by the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). Inhibition of this pathway extends lifespan in model organisms ...
Selmic Laura E - - 2013
Bilateral synchronous appendicular bone tumors, occurring in the same bone and same anatomic site within the bone are very rare. This report describes the clinical presentation and oncologic outcome for four dogs with this rare presentation. All cases presented to the authors following a history of unilateral lameness for several ...
Berry James D - - 2013
Our objective was to describe a new endpoint for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the Combined Assessment of Function and Survival (CAFS). CAFS ranks patients' clinical outcomes based on survival time and change in the ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) score. Each patient's outcome is compared to every other patient's outcome, ...
Stenzel Werner - - 2013
Autophagic vacuolar myopathies (AVM) comprise a heterogeneous cluster of diseases. These include lysosomal storage disease with or without abnormal acid maltase activity such as glycogen storage disease (GSD) type II (OMIM 232300) and lysosomal membrane protein LAMP-2-deficient Danon disease (OMIM 300257) [1] caused by mutations in the LAMP2 gene (OMIM ...
Saeed Aamer - - 2013
Synthesis of the 6-hydroxy-7-methyl analog of typharin (8-dihydroxy-3-styryl-3,4-dihydroisocoumarin) isolated from the rhizomes of Typha capensis has been described. Direct condensation of 3,5-dimethoxy-4-methylhomophthalic acid (1) with cinnamoyl chloride at elevated temperature under inert conditions afforded 6,8-dihydroxy-7-methyl-3-styrylisocoumarin (2). Hydrolysis of isocoumarin to keto acid (3) followed by reduction and cyclodehydration of hydroxy ...
Le Tuan T Veterans Affairs Research Center for AIDS and HIV-1 Infection, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2013
The relationship between the timing of the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) after infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and the recovery of CD4+ T-cell counts is unknown. In a prospective, observational cohort of persons with acute or early HIV-1 infection, we determined the trajectory of CD4+ counts ...
Sirasanagandla Srinivasa Rao - - 2013
Variations in the origin and distribution of Berrettini anastomosis between the digital branches of the ulnar and median nerves exist and are well described in the literature. During regular dissections by medical students, we encountered a rare variation in the left hand of an approximately 50-year-old male cadaver. Berrettini anastomosis ...
Savoca Marco - - 2013
The infrared spectrum of the disilane cation, Si(2)H(6)(+), in its (2)A(1g) ground state is inferred from photodissociation of cold Si(2)H(6)(+)-Ar(n) complexes (n = 1, 2). Vibrational analysis is consistent with a D(3d) symmetric structure of H(3)SiSiH(3)(+) generated by ionization from the bonding σ(SiSi) orbital. Structural, vibrational, and electronic properties of ...
Vandewalle Evelien - - 2013
Purpose:  To determine whether retinal vessel oxygen saturation in patients with glaucoma is associated with structural optic disc and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) changes and visual field (VF) defects. Methods:  Fifty-nine patients with confirmed glaucoma were recruited at University Hospitals Leuven. Retinal oxygen saturation in patients with glaucoma was ...
Ye Zhi - - 2013
Parecoxib, a novel COX-2 inhibitor, functions as a neuroprotective agent and rescues neurons from cerebral ischemic reperfusion injury-induced apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying parecoxib neuroprotection remain to be elucidated. There is growing evidence that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays an important role in neuronal death caused by brain ischemia. ...
Moore Dadin - - 2013
This work estimates the economic losses due to Neospora abortions in the humid pampa region of Argentina. The total dairy and beef cattle population at risk of abortion is 1,771,326 and 9,726,684 head, respectively. In dairy cattle, there was an 8 % risk of experiencing abortion due to a variety of causes, ...
Hitchings Andrew W - - 2013
Context. Ingestion of toxic liquids is common, and the volume ingested is often important for clinical decision-making. However, the accuracy and interpretation of volume estimates in the context of toxicological exposures is poorly characterised in adult practice. Objective. To inform the interpretation of volume estimates when expressed in forms commonly ...
Lodato Dena - - 2013
Cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCLR) is the most common cause of degenerative joint disease (DJD) in the stifle of adult dogs. Over the last several years, a new generation of nonabsorbable, multifilament, polyblend polyethylene orthopedic suture materials have been evaluated for use in the lateral fabellar suture (LFS) technique for ...
Cao Stewart Siyan - - 2013
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, a condition that dramatically affects protein folding homeostasis in cells, has been associated with a number of metabolic diseases. Emerging preclinical and clinical evidence supports the notion that pharmacological modulators of ER stress have therapeutic potential as novel treatments of metabolic disorders. In this review, the ...
Matsuda Takeru - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The feasibility, safety and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for transverse and descending colon cancers in a community hospital setting were evaluated. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with transverse or descending colon cancers who underwent laparoscopic surgery at our hospital were included in this retrospective analysis (group A). Their outcomes were ...
Babbar Lalita - - 2013
We investigated in this study whether or not the ischemic preconditioning (IPC)-mediated cardioprotective effect against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury exists in the fructose-fed hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) rat heart. Langendorff-perfused normal and fructose-fed (10 % w/v in drinking water, 8 weeks) HTG rat hearts were subjected to 30-min global ischemia and 120-min reperfusion. IPC protocol included ...
Gonzalez Barbara - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the relation of disability and physical and mental health status with potentially traumatic life events (PTLE) before the onset of fibromyalgia in women diagnosed with this syndrome. We also investigated causal attribution of fibromyalgia to a triggering event, physical or psychological in nature, and its ...
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