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Seelke Adele M H AM Center for Neuroscience, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95618, - - 2013
Throughout development both the body and the brain change at remarkable rates. Specifically, the number of cells in the brain undergoes dramatic nonlinear changes, first exponentially increasing in cell number and then decreasing in cell number. Different cell types, such as neurons and glia, undergo these changes at different stages ...
Suzuki Eiji E Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2013
Fli-1 belongs to the Ets transcription factor family and is expressed in haematopoietic cells, including most of the cells that are active in immunity. The mononuclear phagocytes, i.e. monocytes, macrophages and dendritic cells, originate in haematopoietic stem cells and play an important role in immunity. To assess the role of ...
Niger Corinne C Department of Orthopaedics, University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Connexin43 (Cx43) plays a critical role in osteoblast function and bone mass accrual, yet the identity of the second messengers communicated by Cx43 gap junctions, the targets of these second messengers and how they regulate osteoblast function remain largely unknown. We have shown that alterations of Cx43 expression in osteoblasts ...
Schwartz Ann V AV University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
In rodent models, undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) acts as a hormone that promotes insulin sensitivity and secretion. If ucOC plays a similar role in humans, then antiresorptive therapies, which reduce ucOC levels, may increase the risk of insulin resistance and diabetes. We tested whether antiresorptive therapies result in higher fasting glucose, ...
Reid Allecia E AE Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, 135 College Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA. - - 2013
Few studies have examined whether and how receiving an sexually transmitted disease (STD) diagnosis while in a romantic relationship relates to condom use and psychosocial sexual outcomes. Using dyadic data, we examined associations of a personal or a partner's STD diagnosis during a relationship with condom use, monogamy intentions, condom ...
Kamiyama Toshiya T Department of Gastroenterological Surgery I, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido, Japan. - - 2013
The altered N-glycosylation of glycoproteins has been suggested to play an important role in the behavior of malignant cells. Using glycomics technology, we attempted to determine the specific and detailed N-glycan profile for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and investigate the prognostic capabilities. From 1999 to 2011, 369 patients underwent primary curative ...
Colaianna Marilena M Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, - - 2013
Psychosocial stress alters the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA-axis). Increasing evidence shows a link between these alterations and oxidant elevation. Oxidative stress is implicated in the stress response and in the pathogenesis of neurologic and psychiatric diseases. NADPH oxidases (NOXs) are a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the central ...
Satoskar Anjali A - - 2013
In children and adults, Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) has a characteristic clinical presentation that includes a purpuric lower extremity skin rash, IgA-dominant glomerulonephritis, and abdominal and joint pain. A similar clinical presentation can be seen in adults who have a systemic infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It is critically important to ...
Bayart Emilie - - 2013
The unlimited proliferation capacity of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) combined with their pluripotent differentiation potential in various lineages raised great interest in both the scientific community and the public at large with hope for future prospects of regenerative medicine. However, since ESCs are derived from human embryos, their use is ...
Cramer Alona O AO Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neuroscience, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 9DU, - - 2013
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSc) are a scientific and medical frontier. Application of reprogrammed somatic cells for clinical trials is in its dawn period; advances in research with animal and human iPSc are paving the way for retinal therapies with the ongoing development of safe animal cell transplantation studies and ...
Fischer Beat B - - 2013
In photosynthetic organisms, excited chlorophylls (Chl) can stimulate the formation of singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)), a highly toxic molecule that acts in addition to its damaging nature as an important signaling molecule. Thus, due to this dual role of (1)O(2), its production and detoxification have to be strictly controlled. Regulation of ...
Berkes Marschall B - - 2013
The treatment of proximal humerus fractures continues to evolve. While the many of these injuries can be managed nonoperatively, a certain percentage require operative treatment. Open reduction internal fixation can offer excellent outcomes when performed in the appropriate patient and utilizing proper techniques. This article reviews the most up-to-date literature ...
Navaneethan Sankar D - - 2013
Electronic health records (EHRs) were first developed in the 1960s as clinical information systems for document storage and retrieval. Adoption of EHRs has increased in the developed world and is increasing in developing countries. Studies have shown that quality of patient care is improved among health centers with EHRs. In ...
Turner Linda - - 2013
This study evaluated whether electrodermal resistance at acupuncture points (AP) systematically varies as a function of pain. The study was conceived as a proof-of-principle study in support of research on acupuncture and other complementary medicine approaches. Specifically, this study investigates whether or not electrodermal activity systematically differentiates arthritis patients with ...
Donohoe G G Neuropsychiatric Genetics Group, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Molecular Medicine, Trinity College Dublin, St. James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. - - 2013
The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10503253, located within the CUB and Sushi multiple domains-1 (CSMD1) gene on 8p23.2, was recently identified as genome-wide significant for schizophrenia (SZ), but is of unknown function. We investigated the neurocognitive effects of this CSMD1 variant in vivo in patients and healthy participants using behavioral and ...
Clarke J M JM Duke Cancer Institute and the Duke Prostate Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, DUMCBox 102002, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2013
In recent years, great success has been achieved on many fronts in the treatment of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), including novel chemotherapeutics, immunotherapies, bone microenvironment-targeted agents, and hormonal therapies. Numerous agents are currently in early-phase clinical trial development for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. These novel ...
Montague Enid E Division of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to understand technology and system characteristics that contribute to nurses' ratings of trust in a smart intravenous pump. Nurses' trust in new technologies can influence how technologies are used. Trust in technology is defined as a person's belief that a technology will not fail ...
Tan Wei - - 2013
The BCL2 gene encodes an integral outer mitochondrial membrane protein (25 kDa) which regulates the apoptotic death of cells. There is a 25-nucleotide G-rich sequence in the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) of the BCL2 mRNA, which can adopt a G-quadruplex structure. Small molecules which could tightly bind to this structure have a ...
Markey Oonagh - - 2013
An altered gastric emptying (GE) rate has been implicated in the aetiology of obesity. The (13) C-octanoic acid breath test (OBT) is frequently used to measure GE, and the cumulative percentage of (13) C recovered (cPDR) is a common outcome measure. However, true cPDR in breath is dependent on accurate ...
Buckley Michael - - 2013
The 19th century excavation of an exceptionally well-preserved Early Bronze Age high status log-coffin burial from northern England, dated to 2200-2020 BC, yielded a 'food residue' collected from the inside of an accompanying bark vessel. This residue contained fibrous stitching that was used to hold the bark walls of the ...
Kim Jin Young - - 2013
Platelet factor 4 (PF4) is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family which has been shown to play a role in inflammation and in the regulation of angiogenesis. In general, chemokines are susceptible to proteolytic cleavage in amino and carboxy terminal regions, which usually results in dramatic changes ...
Thevis Mario - - 2013
Clenbuterol (4-amino-α-[(tert-butylamino)methyl]-3,5-dichlorobenzyl alcohol) is approved for human and veterinary use primarily for the treatment of pulmonary afflictions. Despite the authorized administration in cases of medical indications, the misuse of clenbuterol in animal husbandry as well as elite and amateur sport has frequently been reported, arguably due to growth-promoting properties. Due ...
Roeser Julien - - 2013
Cleavage of peptide bonds C-terminal to tyrosine and tryptophan after electrochemical oxidation may become a complementary approach to chemical and enzymatic cleavage. A chemical labeling approach specifically targeting reactive cleavage products is presented here and constitutes a promising first step towards the development of a new proteomics workflow. Hexylamine was ...
Zhu Lin - - 2013
Bromadiolone and brodifacoum, two common anticoagulant rodenticides, are involved in the majority of anticoagulant rodenticide poisoning cases in humans in China. Hair analysis can provide long-term information on drug exposure. A method using liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) was developed and validated for the measurement of bromadiolone ...
Tóth Katalin - - 2013
The aflatoxin mycotoxins are particularly hazardous to health when present in food. Therefore, from an analytical point of view, knowledge of their mass spectrometric properties is essential. The aim of the present study was to describe the collision-induced dissociation behavior of the four most common aflatoxins: B1, B2, G1 and ...
De Franco E E Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, - - 2013
Recessive PDX1 (IPF1) mutations are a rare cause of pancreatic agenesis, with three cases reported worldwide. A recent report described two cousins with a homozygous hypomorphic PDX1 mutation causing permanent neonatal diabetes with subclinical exocrine insufficiency. The aim of our study was to investigate the possibility of hypomorphic PDX1 mutations ...
Zhang Qingzhi - - 2013
This communication describes the synthesis of a new class of N-hydroxyguanidine (NHG) pro-drugs which release nitric oxide (NO), triggered by the action of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT), and have potential for the treatment of acute renal injury/failure (ARI/ARF).
Kulminski Alexander M AM Center for Population Health and Aging, Duke University, Trent Hall, Room 002, Box 90408, Durham, NC 27708, USA. - - 2013
The inherent complexity of aging-related traits can temper progress in unraveling the genetic origins of healthspan. We focus on two generations in the Framingham Heart Study, the original (FHS) and offspring (FHSO) cohorts, to determine whether aging-related processes in changing environments can substantially impact the role of lipid-related genes discovered ...
Gregory Christopher D CD MRC Centre for Inflammation Research, University of Edinburgh, Queens Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. - - 2013
It is well known that an important property of apoptosis is the prevention of cancer. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that apoptotic cells have the capacity to activate reparative and regenerative responses, which have the potential to make significant impact on pathological processes underlying autoimmune disease and cancer. Those ...
Chang Jinsam J Laboratory of Immunology and Hematopoiesis, Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine Purdue Center for Cancer Research, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, - - 2013
Arginase I (Arg1), an enzyme expressed by many cell types including myeloid cells, can regulate immune responses. Expression of Arg1 in myeloid cells is regulated by a number of cytokines and tissue factors that influence cell development and activation. Retinoic acid, produced from vitamin A, regulates the homing and differentiation ...
Duong Anthony D AD William G. Lowrie Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, College of Arts and Sciences, The Ohio State University , Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2013
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the intracellular protozoan, Leishmania. A current treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis involves the delivery of imidazoquinolines via a topical cream. However, there are no parenteral formulations of imidazoquinolines for the most deadly version of the disease, visceral leishmaniasis. This work investigates the use of electrospray ...
Rizzoli R R Division of Bone Diseases, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2013
Vitamin D insufficiency has deleterious consequences on health outcomes. In elderly or postmenopausal women, it may exacerbate osteoporosis. There is currently no clear consensus on definitions of vitamin D insufficiency or minimal targets for vitamin D concentrations and proposed targets vary with the population. In view of the potential confusion ...
Frank Aaron T AT Department of Chemistry, University of California Irvine 1102 Natural Sciences 2, Irvine, California 92697, - - 2013
The development of methods for predicting NMR chemical shifts with high accuracy and speed is increasingly allowing use of these abundant, readily accessible measurements in determining the structure and dynamics of proteins. For nucleic acids, however, despite the availability of semiempirical methods for predicting (1)H chemical shifts, their use in ...
Esser-Nobis Katharina K Department of Infectious Diseases, Molecular Virology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2013
Intravenous silibinin (SIL) is an approved therapeutic that has recently been applied to patients with chronic hepatitis C, successfully clearing hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in some patients even in monotherapy. Previous studies suggested multiple antiviral mechanisms of SIL; however, the dominant mode of action has not been determined. We ...
Osborne Robert L RL Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2013
The enzyme tyramine β-monooxygenase (TβM) belongs to a small eukaryotic family of physiologically important mononuclear dicopper monooxygenases. The properties of this family include noncoupled mononuclear copper centers ~11 Å apart, with Cu(M) performing C-H and O(2) activation and Cu(H) functioning as an electron storage site [Klinman, J. P. (2006) J. ...
Liu Lu L Key Laboratory of Agro-Food Processing and Quality Control, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100193, PR - - 2013
As a highly efficient and easily absorbable source of chromium, the identities of the chromium-binding substances in yeast remain unclear. In this study, a mild extraction procedure involving extraction with ammonia, three-gel filtration, and high-performance liquid chromatography was adopted to obtain two chromium-binding substances from high-chromium yeast. A low-molecular-weight chromium-binding ...
Mathieu Sylvie - - 2013
Little information is yet available on the signals involved in progenitor cell migration that precede reparative dentin synthesis. Our aim was to investigate the effect of the controlled release of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) on permanent teeth pulp cell proliferation and progenitor cell migration. ...
Holm Lise Vilstrup - - 2013
Abstract Objectives. In a healthcare system with equal access we analysed possible associations between cancer survivors' socioeconomic status (SES) and their: 1) need for rehabilitation; 2) participation in rehabilitation activities; and 3) unmet needs for rehabilitation in a 14-month period following date of diagnosis. Methods. A population-based cohort study including ...
Soni Lori K - - 2013
Some have suggested the superiority of biatrial versus left atrial lesions. We sought to analyze our experience. We retrospectively reviewed 305 consecutive patients from 2007 to 2011. Rhythm success was defined as freedom from atrial fibrillation (AF) or flutter determined by 12-lead electrocardiograms at 3-month intervals. Lesions sets were pulmonary ...
Seo Min-Seock - - 2013
This study aimed to identify the early genetic changes related to odontogenic differentiation when mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is applied to dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). Odontogenic-differentiated cells (induced DPSCs) were obtained by culturing DPSCs in odontoinduction medium for 14 days. Thereafter, MTA in Teflon tubes was applied to the ...
Ghanta Ravi K - - 2013
The present study evaluated the evolving trends and outcomes of patients undergoing isolated reoperative coronary artery bypass grafting at Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database-participating institutions. From 2000 to 2009, 72,431 patients underwent isolated reoperative coronary artery bypass grafting and 1,497,254 patients underwent isolated primary coronary artery bypass ...
Hoehler Tori M - - 2013
A great number of the bacteria and archaea on Earth are found in subsurface environments in a physiological state that is poorly represented or explained by laboratory cultures. Microbial cells in these very stable and oligotrophic settings catabolize 10(4)- to 10(6)-fold more slowly than model organisms in nutrient-rich cultures, turn ...
Phinney Donald G - - 2013
Nearly half a century has passed since the publication of the first articles describing plastic-adherent cells from bone marrow, referred to initially as colony-forming unit fibroblasts, then marrow stromal cells, mesenchymal stem cells and most recently multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). As expected, our understanding of the nature and biologic ...
Balducci Lodovico - - 2013
Abstract Cancer is a disease of aging. With the aging of the population and the improved survival of cancer patients, rehabilitation of older cancer survival is an increasingly common problem. Definition and assessment of aging. Age may be constructed as a progressive reduction in functional reserve of multiple organ systems ...
Kerby Alan - - 2013
Co-transplantation of islets with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been shown to improve graft outcome in mice, which has been partially attributed to the effects of MSCs on revascularization and preservation of islet morphology. Microencapsulation of islets provides an isolated-graft model of islet transplantation that is non-vascularized and prevents islet ...
Heimann Mikael - - 2013
Heimann, M., Nordqvist, E., Rudner, M., Johansson, M. & Lindgren M. (2013). Associative learning measured with ERP predicts deferred imitation using a strict observation only design in 14 to15 month old children. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 54, 33-40. Deferred imitation (DI) is an established procedure for behavioral measurement of early declarative-like ...
Krause K - - 2013
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) causes wheal and flare responses which are abrogated by H1-antihistamines giving rise to the hypothesis that PAF-induced wheal development is secondary to histamine release from dermal mast cells. But is this hypothesis correct? Wheal and flare responses were induced by intradermal injection of PAF, codeine and histamine ...
Lee Young-Hee - - 2013
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) has well-known anti-inflammatory action in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the anti-inflammatory action of PPARγ involves in cellular cytoprotection and supports odontoblast differentiation under oxidative stress in HDPCs. To simulate long-term oxidative stress, pulp cells were ...
Kim Eun-Kyung - - 2013
Culturing natural killer (NK) cells from patients with advanced cancer is difficult and has restricted the generation of sufficient cell numbers for autologous adoptive NK-cell therapy. The aim of this study was to establish a novel method for ex vivo NK-cell expansion from patients with cancer. NK cells (CD3(-)CD56(+)) were ...
Potharst Eva S - - 2013
Aim  This study aimed to compare a broad array of neurocognitive functions (processing speed, aspects of attention, executive functioning, visual-motor coordination, and both face and emotion recognition) in very preterm and term-born children and to identify perinatal risk factors for neurocognitive dysfunctions. Method  Children who were born very preterm (n=102; ...
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