Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2384
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Wright Claire - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal disease can result in severe disabling sequelae, but there is no published information about the lifelong rehabilitation costs of patients with severe outcome in the UK. As cost-effectiveness studies play a crucial role in determining whether immunization programmes will be implemented, it is important to identify these costs. ...
Lioret S - - 2013
Background/Objectives:The objectives of the present study were to describe food and nutrient intakes in children aged 9 and 18 months, and to assess tracking of intakes between these two ages.Subjects/Methods:Participants were 177 children of first-time mothers from the control arm of the Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) ...
Hayashi Akiko - - 2013
Cerebroside sulfotransferase (CST) catalyzes the production of sulfatide, which is one of the major glycolipids in myelin. Homozygous CST knockout mice were shown to be completely deficient in sulfatide. They were born healthy but began to display progressive neurological deficits from 6 weeks of age. Severe abnormalities of paranodal regions ...
He Li-Jing - - 2013
A reusable potassium ion biosensor was reported for the first time based on the reversible DNA structural change and the interaction between surface plasmons of Au nanoparticles (NPs) and the ECL emission of CdS nanocrystals (NCs).
Lee Sung Ryol - - 2013
Background/Aims: Peritoneal carcinomatosis is the most common recurrence type in gastric cancer. Disseminated tumor cells derived from serosal invasion may be indicators of early peritoneal seeding and subsequent peritoneal dissemination. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) techniques have been introduced to aid in detection of disseminated tumor cells in peritoneal washes, ...
Wu Minghuo - - 2013
A simple, novel "one-pot" approach was developed for the preparation of organic-silica hybrid monoliths. Two clickable monoliths functionalized with either azido or alkynyl moieties were prepared. The clickable monoliths were further used for the fabrication of enzyme reactors via "click chemistry".
Bhayani Mihir K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although many patients require nutritional support during radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer, little is known regarding the risk factors that predispose to gastrostomy tube (g-tube) placement and prolonged dependence, or the therapeutic interventions that may abrogate these effects. METHODS: We performed a retrospective medical chart review of patients ...
Johansson J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Trauma and its complications contribute to morbidity and mortality in the general population. Trauma victims are susceptible to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and sepsis. Polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) are activated after trauma and there is substantial evidence of their involvement in the development of ARDS. Activated PMNs release heparin-binding ...
Nikitin Kirill - - 2013
Triphenylhalophosphonium halides, Ph(3)PX(2), form crystals comprising bridged linear cations [Ph(3)P-X-X-X-PPh(3)](+) where the X(3) bridge is shortened from 6.56 Å in Cl-Cl-Cl to 6.37 Å in the Br-Br-Br system. It is proposed that this structure is stabilised by five-centre/six-electron (5c-6e) hypervalent interactions.
Prasad Bagineni - - 2013
A new, versatile and direct Pd-mediated method involving intramolecular cyclization of N-(2-iodoaryl)-N-(1-alkyl-1H-indol-2-yl)alkane/arene/heteroarene sulfonamide has been developed leading to a diverse and unique class of indolo[2,3-b]indoles for the potential inhibition of sirtuins.
Sugihara Toru - - 2013
We compared perioperative outcomes and costs between open and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. The Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, including cases from 2007 to 2010, was used by one-to-one propensity-score matching. The following items were compared: complication rate; homologous and autologous transfusion rate; first cystography day and cystography ...
Karan Ram - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Halorubrum lacusprofundi is a cold-adapted halophilic archaeon isolated from Deep Lake, a perennially cold and hypersaline lake in Antarctica. Its genome sequencing project was recently completed, providing access to many genes predicted to encode polyextremophilic enzymes active in both extremely high salinity and cold temperatures. RESULTS: Analysis of ...
Norman Peter - - 2013
Two applications claim CXCR2 receptor antagonists respectively incorporating arylcarbonyl and arylsulfonyl substituted 2-hydroxyaniline scaffolds. The first application claims both N-aryl,N'-aryl urea and squaramide derivatives, the second focuses on squaramide derivatives. Several examples of the latter scaffold with nanomolar affinity are provided and indicate an alternative modification of the squaramide scaffold ...
Balc─▒ Mustafa H - - 2013
We demonstrate for the first time that simple face-centered cubic (fcc) silicon nano-crystals can be produced by a solution based bottom-up synthesis route under ambient conditions. Simple fcc Si nano-crystals (2-7 nm) were prepared at room temperature by using sodium cyclopentadienide as a reducing agent for silicon tetrachloride. Photoluminescence emission ...
Hanashima Shinya - - 2013
Solution (17)O-NMR application to biological macromolecules is extremely limited. We describe here (17)O-NMR observation of the (17)O(2)-oxidized cysteine side chain of human Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase in solution using selective (17)O(2) oxidation. (17)O-NMR with the aid of (17)O-labeling has wide potential to probe the environment and dynamics of oxidizable functionalities in proteins.
Krarup Anne Lund - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Many patients with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) have insufficient relief on proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Some patients have a hypersensitive esophagus and may respond to transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) antagonists. Aim. To investigate the effect of the TRPV1 antagonist AZD1386 on experimental esophageal pain in NERD ...
Kim Wan Wook - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The indications for elective bilateral central node dissection for patients with unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) who are clinically node negative are still not verified. We investigated the predictive factors of lymph node metastasis and formulated guidelines for surgical extent. METHODS: From 2004 to 2009, 325 patients diagnosed with ...
Leung Edmund - - 2013
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are widely used to treat benign hypertension. These drugs are generally well tolerated. Serious side effects such as angio-oedema are very rare. The authors report a 64-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of liver transplant on Mammalian Target Of Rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, who attended Emergency ...
Kimdung Nguyen - - 2013
Special-use forests (SUFs) are nature protected areas in Vietnam used to conserve nature and its biodiversity. While the Vietnamese government has managed to increase the size and number of SUFs, biodiversity within these areas continues to decline. To improve protection of these SUFs, co-management has been advocated in Vietnam. Successfully ...
Alcudia-León M C - - 2013
In this article, a solid-phase extraction approach, which takes advantage of the good extraction capabilities of hydrophobic magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), is presented. The new approach involves the deposition of a thin layer of MNPs in a dedicated stirring unit based on the dual function of a mini-magnet. The system allows ...
Olvera Hector A - - 2013
Exposure to diesel-emitted particles has been linked to increased cancer risk and cardiopulmonary diseases. Because of their size (<100 nm), exposure to ultrafine particles (UFPs) emitted from heavy-duty diesel vehicles (HDDV) might result in greater health risks than those associated with larger particles. Seasonal UFP levels at the International Bridge of ...
Lestrade Laetitia - - 2013
Goal To retrospectively analyse all our elderly patients (>70 years old) treated with radiotherapy ± chemotherapy (RT ± CT) followed by brachytherapy (BRT) for anal canal cancer. Background Studies on clinical outcomes and toxicities of the standard treatments for anal canal cancers in elderly patients are rare and data are not homogeneous, so a standard ...
Chakraborty Pratip - - 2013
Insulin resistance is a very common associate of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Pathophysiology in relation with the essential elements including copper, magnesium, zinc, manganese, chromium, and calcium has been reported in women with insulin resistance. This prospective study was designed to explore whether the women with PCOS do exhibit altered ...
Kim Seonghun - - 2013
Jerusalem artichoke is a low-requirement sugar crop containing cellulose and hemicellulose in the stalk and a high content of inulin in the tuber. However, the lignocellulosic component in Jerusalem artichoke stalk reduces the fermentability of the whole plant for efficient bioethanol production. In this study, Jerusalem artichoke stalk was pretreated ...
Riedl Regina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusions are common in older adults and also may modulate the immune system. However, the impact of transfusion on cancer risk in the elderly has not been studied. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Cancer risk after blood transfusion was evaluated in a US population-based case-control study using 552,951 elderly ...
Du Zhongjun - - 2013
The purpose of this work was to investigate the cardiovascular toxicity of different sizes and different dosages of silica nanoparticles in Wistar rats. The three silica nanoparticles (30, 60, and 90 nm) and one fine silica particles (600 nm) at three doses of 2, 5, and 10 (mg/Kg bw) were used in the ...
Park S - - 2013
The mTORC1 signaling pathway is constitutively activated in almost all AML patients. We conducted a phase Ib trial combining RAD001 (everolimus), an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1, and conventional chemotherapy, in AML patients under 65 years of age at first relapse (clinical trial NCT 01074086). Increasing doses of RAD001 from 10 mg ...
Liu Baokui - - 2013
Background/Aims: CD24 is reported to be up-regulated in the tissues of HCC patients when compared with normal liver tissues. We aim to determine whether CD24 protein is also overexpressed in the plasma of HCC patients, and its diagnostic value for HCC. Methodology: Plasma levels of CD24 protein and AFP were ...
Bartsch A - - 2013
Population management of Lepeophtheirus salmonis in Canada currently relies on chemotherapeutants to remove attached stages of the ectoparasite. However, some populations of L. salmonis are developing resistance to chemotherapeutants making alternate management measures necessary. This article explores the ability of filter-feeding shellfish [i.e. blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) and Atlantic sea scallops ...
Wang Yong-Sheng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has become a common procedure. The GeneSearch™ Breast Lymph Node Assay is a real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay for detecting nodal metastases larger than 0.2 mm. The trial is a prospective multi-center clinical trial conducted to validate the assay in China. METHODS: ...
Yamada Shinya - - 2013
Background: Senescence marker protein-30 (SMP30) decreases with aging, SMP30 knock-out (KO) mice show a short life with increased oxidant stress. Aims: We assessed the effect of oxidant stress with SMP30 deficiency in coronary artery spasm and clarify its mechanisms. Results: We measured vascular responses to acetylcholine (ACh), sodium nitroprusside (SNP) ...
Adriaenssens Louis - - 2013
This tutorial review aims to present and describe selected examples of still quite rare endo-functionalized supramolecular capsules. Only capsules assembled through the use of neutral or polar hydrogen bonding interactions are covered. The ability of these capsules to orient and control the position of the encapsulated guest molecules represents their ...
Pabalan Noel - - 2013
PURPOSE: Inconsistency of reported associations between the C1420T polymorphism in the cytosolic serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT1) gene and colorectal cancer (CRC) prompted us to undertake a meta-analysis. METHODS: We conducted searches of published literature in MEDLINE through PubMed up to April 2012. Individual data on 5,043 cases and 6,311 controls from ...
Chen Han-Shen - - 2013
This study adopted the ecological footprint calculation structure to calculate the ecological footprints of the three major science parks in Taiwan from 2008 to 2010. The result shows that the ecological footprints of the Hsinchu Science Park, the Central Taiwan Science Park, and the Southern Taiwan Science Park were about ...
Jiménez E - - 2013
To evaluate and compare the efficacy of various extenders for the cryopreservation of epididymal cat spermatozoa, two experiments were planned. Bovine and equine commercial extenders in the experiment 1 and TRIS-egg yolk-based extenders in experiment 2 were separately studied since the number of sperm collected per cat is reduced. Epididymal ...
Dengl Stefan - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate antibody stability and formation of modified species under upstream processing conditions. METHODS: The stability of 11 purified monoclonal human IgG1 and IgG4 antibodies, including an IgG1-based bispecific CrossMab, was compared in downscale mixing stress models. One of these molecules was further evaluated in realistic bioreactor stress models ...
Green Jeffrey J - - 2013
Many zygotes and spores of brown algae are photosensitive and establish a developmental axis in accordance with directional light cues. Ectocarpus siliculosus is being advanced as a genetic and genomic model organism for investigating brown alga development, and this report investigates photopolarization of the growth axis of mitospores. When exposed ...
Bartashevich E V - - 2013
The polarization effects associated with halogen bonding for the series of charge-transfer complexes D(m)X-Y, where donor molecules D(m) = NH(3), H(2)O, H(2)S, C(2)H(4), CO and X-Y = Cl(2), ClF, Br(2), BrCl, ICl, I(2), are characterized in terms of the quantum theory of atoms in molecules using the B3LYP/6-311** Kohn-Sham wave ...
Diogo Rui - - 2013
Here we provide the first report about the rates of muscle evolution derived from Bayesian and parsimony cladistic analyses of primate higher-level phylogeny, and compare these rates with published rates of molecular evolution. It is commonly accepted that there is a 'general molecular slow-down of hominoids', but interestingly the rates ...
Matsumoto Nobuhiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Galectin-9 (Gal-9) is a β-galactoside-binding protein that induces biological reactions, such as cell activation, chemoattraction, and apoptosis. We evaluated the role of Gal-9 in the pathogenesis of interstitial pneumonia (IP). METHODS: Gal-9 levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with IP associated with collagen vascular disease (CVD-IP) ...
Remuzgo-Martínez Sara - - 2013
A wide variety of microorganisms has previously been identified as causes of brain infection. Among them, Listeria monocytogenes has a particular tropism for the central nervous system. To gain knowledge about the immune response elicited by L. monocytogenes in the brain, we used a rat ex vivo organotypic nervous system ...
Faulkner Adele - - 2013
We report efficient Pd-catalyzed cyclizations of oxime esters with 1,1-disubstituted alkenes as the basis of a general entry to α,α-disubstituted pyrrolidine derivatives. We also demonstrate that catalytic asymmetric variants of this chemistry are feasible by employing a suitable chiral ligand.
Shim Lisa - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Information on the relationships between stool characteristics and colonic transit time (CTT) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is limited. Our aims were: (i) to relate stool frequency and consistency to total and segmental CTTs, (ii) to correlate changes in these stool characteristics with changes in CTTs between a ...
Supur Mustafa - - 2013
Photodriven electron-transport properties of the self-assemblies of N,N'-di(2-(trimethylammoniumiodide)ethylene)perylenediimide stacks (TAIPDI)(n) with three electron donors, disodium 4,4'-bis(2-sulfonatostyryl)biphenyl (BSSBP, stilbene-420), sodium 9,10-dimethoxyanthracene-2-sulfonate (DANS) and disodium 6-amino-1,3-naphthalenedisulfonate (ANADS) have been studied in water. These electron donors vary in their π-extent to adjust the electronic coupling and the distance with the PDI stacks. Possessing ...
Zhang Xiu-Chun - - 2013
AtNUDT5 is a cytosol Nudix that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a variety of substrates. In this report, a 1,387-bp 5'-flanking region of the AtNUDT5 gene was isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana. The tissue-specific activity of the 5'-flanking region was investigated by using the GUS gene as a reporter in transgenic A. ...
Pollack Gerald S - - 2013
Calling song of the cricket Gryllus assimilis is unusual among Gryllus spp. in the high sound-pulse rate, ca. 80 Hz, within its chirps. We asked whether, as in other cricket species, females were able to analyze such a high pulse rate. In phonotaxis experiments, females failed to respond to stimuli with ...
Inder Kerry L - - 2013
Membrane microdomains such as lipid rafts and caveolae regulate a myriad of cellular functions including cell signalling, protein trafficking, cell viability, and cell movement. They have been implicated in diseases such as cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer's disease, highlighting the essential role they play in cell processes. Despite much research and ...
Péron Guillaume - - 2013
The co-occurrence of functionally similar species is very common in nature, and is often put forward as a basis for ecosystem resilience to disturbance. At the same time, competition between similar species is also considered a strong driver of community composition. However, environmental stochasticity can alter this prediction, either because ...
He Zhaopeng - - 2013
Background/Aims: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether CA19-9 level related to the curative resection and prevented unnecessary laparotomy in patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Methodology: Retrospectively, logistic multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze data from 207 patients who underwent laparotomy for planned surgical resection ...
Germain Marc - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The theory that elevated iron stores can induce vascular injury and ischemia remains controversial. We conducted a cohort study of the effect of blood donation on the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) by taking advantage of the quasi-random exclusion of donors who obtained a falsely reactive test for ...
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