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Results 301 - 350 of 2388
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Givi Babak - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A variety of tumors arise in or extend to the infratemporal fossa. We investigated the outcome of surgical management of these tumors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of a craniofacial approach to resection of infratemporal fossa tumors from 1992 to 2008 in a cancer center. RESULTS: Forty-three patients ...
Pikkel Joseph - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate a possible structural difference in the retina of hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)-treated patients as an explanation for the protective effect of this medication against age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: In this retrospective study, we compared the mean thickness of the retinal outer band (consisting of the Bruch's membrane and ...
Biberthaler Peter P Department of Trauma Surgery, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Ismaningerstrasse 22, 81675, Muenchen, - - 2013
Patients suffering from isolated subacromial impingement (SI) of their shoulder but who are resistant to other therapies benefit substantially from arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) if they are young (<60 years). Although physical demands rise notably in the older population, it still remains unclear if surgery leads to better results in ...
Dinolfo Caterina - - 2013
This study examined the relations between interpretive understanding, sympathy, and moral emotion attribution (MEA) in the prediction of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptomatology in an ethnically diverse sample of 128 4- and 8-year-old children (49 % girls). Caregivers rated the children's ODD symptoms. Interpretive understanding was assessed using an advanced theory-of-mind ...
Pines Amos - - 2013
ABSTRACT For many years the preliminary results of both arms of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) were translated into very cautious, even negative recommendations in regard to the use of postmenopausal hormones. Despite the fact that further analyses from the WHI study, as well as data from other studies should ...
Zheng Wei W Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, San Antonio, TX, - - 2013
Glia-based neuroprotection strategies are emerging as promising new avenues to treat brain damage. We previously reported that activation of the glial-specific purinergic receptor, P2Y(1)R, reduces both astrocyte swelling and brain infarcts in a photothrombotic mouse model of stroke. These restorative effects were dependent on astrocyte mitochondrial metabolism. Here, we extend ...
Xiong Xiao-Gen - - 2013
The bonding in the unbridged closed-shell Au(ii)-Au(ii) dimers X(4)Au(2)(C(5)H(5)N)(2), X = H, F-I and CF(3), is analyzed and the short Au-Au bonds around 250 pm are reproduced by a novel 6s6p(z)5d(xy) hybridization.
Xiao Qingbo - - 2013
By utilizing multicolor upconversion luminescence of rare earth-doped nanophosphors (UCNPs), NIR-light-activated photopolymerization and controlled drug delivery is achieved for PEGDA hydrogels. The loading capacity of zinc(ii) phthalocyanine reaches 12.3% into UCNPs-PEGDA hybrid microspheres.
Cardona-Rossinyol Andrea - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset degenerative disorder characterized by motoneuron death. Clinical and experimental studies in animal models of ALS have found gender differences in the incidence and onset of disease, suggesting that female hormones may play a beneficial role. Cumulative evidence indicates that 17β-estradiol (17βE2) has a ...
De Amicis Francesca - - 2013
SCOPE: Exposure of the breast to estrogens and other sex hormones is an important cancer risk factor and estrogen receptor downregulators are attracting significant clinical interest. Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a polyphenolic compound found in green tea, has gained considerable attention for its antitumor properties. Here we aimed to investigate the ...
Zhao Li-Ping - - 2013
Oxidative stress-induced neuronal cell death requires opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore. P53 mitochondrial translocation and association with Cyclophilin D (Cyp-D) is required for the pore opening. Here we tested this signaling axis in oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD)/re-oxygenation-induced in vitro neuronal death. Using mitochondrion immunoprecipitation, we found that p53 ...
Michaud Katarzyna - - 2013
Postmortem imaging is increasingly used in forensic practice in cases of natural deaths related to cardiovascular diseases, which represent the most common causes of death in developed countries. While radiological examination is generally considered to be a good complement for conventional autopsy, it was thought to have limited application in ...
Maclellan Paul - - 2013
Historically, chemists' exploration of chemical space has been exceptionally uneven and unsystematic. This feature article outlines a comprehensive conceptual framework that may be used to capture, analyse and plan synthetic approaches that may address this historically uneven exploration. Illustrative examples of synthetic approaches that target, or have potential to target, ...
Panfoli Isabella - - 2013
The rod Outer Segment (OS) disc, an organelle devoid of mitochondria, is specialized in phototransduction, a process requiring a continual chemical energy supply. We have shown that OS discs express functional mitochondrial electron transport chains, F(o) F(1) -ATP synthase and the tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes, all mitochondrial features. Here, we ...
Hanashima Shinya - - 2013
Solution (17)O-NMR application to biological macromolecules is extremely limited. We describe here (17)O-NMR observation of the (17)O(2)-oxidized cysteine side chain of human Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase in solution using selective (17)O(2) oxidation. (17)O-NMR with the aid of (17)O-labeling has wide potential to probe the environment and dynamics of oxidizable functionalities in proteins.
Krarup Anne Lund - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Many patients with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD) have insufficient relief on proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Some patients have a hypersensitive esophagus and may respond to transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) antagonists. Aim. To investigate the effect of the TRPV1 antagonist AZD1386 on experimental esophageal pain in NERD ...
Kim Wan Wook - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The indications for elective bilateral central node dissection for patients with unilateral papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) who are clinically node negative are still not verified. We investigated the predictive factors of lymph node metastasis and formulated guidelines for surgical extent. METHODS: From 2004 to 2009, 325 patients diagnosed with ...
Leung Edmund - - 2013
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are widely used to treat benign hypertension. These drugs are generally well tolerated. Serious side effects such as angio-oedema are very rare. The authors report a 64-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of liver transplant on Mammalian Target Of Rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, who attended Emergency ...
Kimdung Nguyen - - 2013
Special-use forests (SUFs) are nature protected areas in Vietnam used to conserve nature and its biodiversity. While the Vietnamese government has managed to increase the size and number of SUFs, biodiversity within these areas continues to decline. To improve protection of these SUFs, co-management has been advocated in Vietnam. Successfully ...
Alcudia-León M C - - 2013
In this article, a solid-phase extraction approach, which takes advantage of the good extraction capabilities of hydrophobic magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), is presented. The new approach involves the deposition of a thin layer of MNPs in a dedicated stirring unit based on the dual function of a mini-magnet. The system allows ...
Olvera Hector A - - 2013
Exposure to diesel-emitted particles has been linked to increased cancer risk and cardiopulmonary diseases. Because of their size (<100 nm), exposure to ultrafine particles (UFPs) emitted from heavy-duty diesel vehicles (HDDV) might result in greater health risks than those associated with larger particles. Seasonal UFP levels at the International Bridge of ...
Maeda Hiromitsu - - 2013
This article summarises recent progress in the study of acyclic oligopyrrole molecules that show anion-binding behaviours. Compared to cyclic oligopyrroles, acyclic systems have shown fascinating properties in terms of their linear geometries, as seen in the examples of biotic oligopyrroles and related analogues, which have shown the ability to transport ...
Lovelace Sally - - 2013
The growing concern about poor dietary practices among low-income families has led to a 'victim blaming' culture that excludes wider social and environmental factors, which influence household food choices. This small-scale qualitative study investigated influences on the diets of young children in families on a low income in the West ...
Lao Chu Lan - - 2013
The neurotransmitter dopamine acts on the subventricular zone (SVZ) to regulate both prenatal and postnatal neurogenesis, in particular through D(3) receptor (D(3) R) subtype. In this study, we explored the cellular mechanism(s) underlying D(3) R-mediated cell proliferation and tested if systemic delivery of a D(3) R agonist would induce SVZ ...
Foroughinia Farzaneh - - 2013
Objectives: To report the case of a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who developed vincristine (VCR)-induced seizure after R-CHOP chemotherapy. Case summary: A 22-year-old boy with DLBCL developed generalized tonic clonic seizures following R-CHOP chemotherapy. After receiving the third cycle of chemotherapy, he developed Aspergillus pneumonia; therefore, itraconazole ...
Ehrhardt Christina - - 2013
Ongoing human infections with highly pathogenic avian H5N1 viruses and the emergence of the pandemic swine-origin influenza viruses (IV) highlight the permanent threat elicited by these pathogens. Occurrence of resistant seasonal and pandemic strains against the currently licensed antiviral medications points to the urgent need for new and amply available ...
Zhong Liang - - 2013
Several treatments for patients with primary hypogonadism are available, but these are associated with major complications. In this study, we explored the possibility of testosterone secretion by proliferated Leydig cells embedded in Matrigel with the aim of developing a source of endogenous testosterone supplement for recipients while reducing the need ...
Wang Changguo - - 2013
The wrinkling characteristics of a rectangular graphene membrane under local tension are studied in this paper based on the continuum theory. The characteristics of the primary bifurcation and secondary wrinkling are studied to discover the physics of graphene wrinkling. The wrinkling geometry is predicted by a continuum theory model. The ...
Castelló Adela - - 2013
Industrial activity is one of the main sources of ambient pollution in developed countries. However, research analyzing its effect on birth outcomes is inconclusive. We analyzed the association between proximity of mother's municipality of residence to industries from 24 different activity groups and risk of very (VPTB) and moderate (MPTB) ...
Shukla Ashutosh K - - 2013
In Ayurveda, a healthy body is defined by a balance among the three doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) and ailments result due to imbalances among them. It prescribes specific plant parts/tissues collected in a season-specific manner for curing dosha-related imbalances but the plants prescribed for treating a particular dosha imbalance belong ...
Donnelly C M - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aims to explore gynecological cancer survivors' perceptions and experiences following participation in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) testing the efficacy of a home-based physical activity behavioral change intervention (Donnelly et al., Gynecol Oncol 122:618-624, 2011). METHODS: All participants completing a two-armed parallel RCT were invited to participate ...
Crane Alice L AL Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, - - 2013
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is applied seasonally in Egypt by adolescent agricultural workers and the extent of occupational exposure and the potential for environmental CPF exposure in this population is poorly understood. Adolescent pesticide applicators (n=57; 12-21 years of age) and age-matched non-applicators (n=38) from the same villages were followed for 10 ...
Pal Tuya - - 2013
Young Black women are disproportionately afflicted with breast cancer, a proportion of which may be due to BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA) gene mutations. In a sample of Black women with early onset breast cancer, we evaluated BRCA mutations and explored personal and system-level clinical characteristics. Black women diagnosed with invasive ...
Shannahan Jonathan H JH Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27834, - - 2013
In biological environments, nanomaterials associate with proteins forming a protein corona (PC). The PC may alter the nanomaterial's pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, thereby influencing toxicity. Using a label-free mass spectrometry-based proteomics approach, the composition of the PC is examined for a set of nanotubes (NTs) including unmodified and carboxylated single- (SWCNT) ...
Kui Steven C F - - 2013
The Pt(ii) complexes () bearing tetradentate O(∧)N(∧)C(∧)N ligands display high emission quantum yields (0.76-0.90) and good thermal stability (T(d) > 400 °C). Complex is an excellent green phosphorescence dopant for OLEDs with excellent efficiency and low efficiency roll-off (η(L), η(Ext)(max) = 66.7 cd A(-1), 18.2%; η(L), η(Ext) (1000 cd m(-2)) ...
Foster Paul S - - 2013
Some research has supported differences in mood functioning in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) whose motor symptoms begin at the left or right hemibody. Also, a relationship between disease duration and mood disturbances has been reported, but only for PD patients with right hemibody onset. There have been no investigations ...
Yang Linxiao - - 2013
We have studied cellular uptake of ultrasmall fluorescent gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) by HeLa cells by confocal fluorescence microscopy in combination with quantitative image analysis. Water solubilized, lipoic acid-protected AuNCs, which had an overall hydrodynamic diameter of 3.3 nm and emitted fluorescence in the near-infrared region at ∼700 nm, were observed ...
Zen M - - 2013
Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) and autoimmune diseases (ADs) are characterized by an aberrant chronic activation of the immune system which causes tissue inflammation and damage in genetically predisposed individuals. Pathogenetic mechanisms underlying this damage differ between these two types of diseases; in AIDs, the innate immune system is directly responsible for ...
Forbes Josephine M - - 2013
Aims: Defects in the activity of enzyme complexes of the mitochondrial respiratory chain are thought to be responsible for several disorders including renal impairment. Gene mutations which result in complex I deficiency are the most common OXPHOS disorders in humans. To determine if an abnormality in mitochondrial complex I per ...
Schweigel Hardy - - 2013
Tyrosine phosphorylation plays a central role in signal transduction controlling many important biological processes. In platelets, the activity of several signaling proteins is controlled by tyrosine phosphorylation ensuring proper platelet activation and aggregation essential for regulation of the delicate balance between bleeding and hemostasis. Here, we applied SH2-profiling for deciphering ...
Suárez Carlos - - 2013
It has been established that an appropriately indicated selective neck dissection can achieve the same oncologic results as more extensive dissections. An even more modified selective neck dissection, termed superselective neck dissection, involves the compartmental removal of the fibrofatty tissue contents within the defined boundaries of two or fewer contiguous ...
Bae Hong-Beom - - 2013
Propofol is an anesthetic drug with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. We previously found that propofol attenuated lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in rabbits. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of propofol on lung injury caused by collapse and reventilation in rabbits. The wet/dry weight ratio of the lung, lung ...
Kikuta Junichi - - 2013
Osteoclasts are bone resorbing, multinucleate cells that differentiate from mononuclear macrophage/monocyte-lineage hematopoietic precursor cells. Although previous studies have revealed important molecular signals, how the bone resorptive functions of such cells are controlled in vivo remains less well characterized. Here, we visualized fluorescently labeled mature osteoclasts in intact mouse bone tissues ...
Shim Lisa - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Information on the relationships between stool characteristics and colonic transit time (CTT) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is limited. Our aims were: (i) to relate stool frequency and consistency to total and segmental CTTs, (ii) to correlate changes in these stool characteristics with changes in CTTs between a ...
Supur Mustafa - - 2013
Photodriven electron-transport properties of the self-assemblies of N,N'-di(2-(trimethylammoniumiodide)ethylene)perylenediimide stacks (TAIPDI)(n) with three electron donors, disodium 4,4'-bis(2-sulfonatostyryl)biphenyl (BSSBP, stilbene-420), sodium 9,10-dimethoxyanthracene-2-sulfonate (DANS) and disodium 6-amino-1,3-naphthalenedisulfonate (ANADS) have been studied in water. These electron donors vary in their π-extent to adjust the electronic coupling and the distance with the PDI stacks. Possessing ...
Zhang Xiu-Chun - - 2013
AtNUDT5 is a cytosol Nudix that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a variety of substrates. In this report, a 1,387-bp 5'-flanking region of the AtNUDT5 gene was isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana. The tissue-specific activity of the 5'-flanking region was investigated by using the GUS gene as a reporter in transgenic A. ...
Pollack Gerald S - - 2013
Calling song of the cricket Gryllus assimilis is unusual among Gryllus spp. in the high sound-pulse rate, ca. 80 Hz, within its chirps. We asked whether, as in other cricket species, females were able to analyze such a high pulse rate. In phonotaxis experiments, females failed to respond to stimuli with ...
Inder Kerry L - - 2013
Membrane microdomains such as lipid rafts and caveolae regulate a myriad of cellular functions including cell signalling, protein trafficking, cell viability, and cell movement. They have been implicated in diseases such as cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer's disease, highlighting the essential role they play in cell processes. Despite much research and ...
Péron Guillaume - - 2013
The co-occurrence of functionally similar species is very common in nature, and is often put forward as a basis for ecosystem resilience to disturbance. At the same time, competition between similar species is also considered a strong driver of community composition. However, environmental stochasticity can alter this prediction, either because ...
He Zhaopeng - - 2013
Background/Aims: The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether CA19-9 level related to the curative resection and prevented unnecessary laparotomy in patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Methodology: Retrospectively, logistic multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze data from 207 patients who underwent laparotomy for planned surgical resection ...
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