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Glat Micaela Johanna - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by the aggregation of two proteins, amyloid-β and hyperphosphorylated tau, and by neuronal and synaptic loss. Although some drugs have been shown to slow the progression of the disease, at present no treatment has been developed that can stop or reverse the ...
Tu M-Y - - 2013
We assessed whether cancer patients given a nutritional consultation by dietitians when discharged from the hospital experienced more health benefits than those not given a nutritional consultation. The McNemar test and the general linear model were used to examine the effect of nutrition intervention. A bubble chart was plotted to ...
Chevallier Patrice - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing cell components of blood and graft sources are very scarce. We present here a thorough study examining the cellular content of various sources of blood and cell therapy products. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We have prospectively compared by fluorescence-activated cell sorting analyses the cellular composition of three ...
Nasr A T - - 2013
Radiochromic micelle gel dosimeters are promising for three-dimensional (3D) radiation dosimetry because they can be read out by optical CT techniques and they have superior spatial stability compared to polymer and Fricke gel dosimeters. This study evaluates the use of diacetylenes as reporter molecules in micelle gel dosimeters. Several gels ...
Iwasaki Yasushi - - 2013
A 68-year-old Japanese man gradually showed abnormal behavior and gait disturbance with bradykinesia. Slowly progressive dementia, including memory disturbance and disorientation, was also observed. Cerebral cortical hyperintensity on diffusion-weighted MRI was observed 6 months after onset. The patient progressed to an akinetic mutism state with mild myoclonus, and atypical periodic ...
Jankowski K S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Diurnal variations in pain have been observed in experimental protocols, post-surgery states and pathological conditions. Chronotype is considered to have the most profound effect on diurnal variations, and in addition, previous studies suggest that evening types may be more vulnerable to pain than morning types. This study aimed to ...
Hidaka Hisao - - 2013
Persistent fluorinated substances, such as the fluorine-bearing pharmaceutical drugs Fluoxetine (FLX; Prozac) and Fluvoxamine maleate (FOM) together with several other substrates (fluorobenzoic acid and fluoroaliphatic model compounds), were photochemically defluorinated and degraded under UVC illumination in relatively good yields in the presence of a wide band gap metal oxide (β-Ga(2)O(3)) ...
Keil Shawn D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Photochemical treatment of blood products could help prevent transfusion-transmitted malaria and reduce the need for donor deferrals. In this study we evaluated the effectiveness of riboflavin and ultraviolet (UV) light against both Plasmodium falciparum, which causes the most severe form of human malaria, and Plasmodium yoelii, an in vivo ...
Croonen Ellen A - - 2013
In recent studies on prenatal testing for Noonan syndrome (NS) in fetuses with an increased nuchal translucency (NT) and a normal karyotype, mutations have been reported in 9-16% of cases. In this study, DNA of 75 fetuses with a normal karyotype and abnormal ultrasound findings was tested in a diagnostic ...
Verma Kusum - - 2013
Research on NO in plants has achieved huge attention in recent years mainly due to its function in plant growth and development under biotic and abiotic stresses. In the present study, we investigated Cd induced NO generation and its relationship to ROS and antioxidant regulation in Brassica juncea. Cd accumulated ...
Wong Koon-Pong - - 2013
PURPOSE: Accurate determination of the plasma input function (IF) is essential for absolute quantification of physiological parameters in positron emission tomography (PET). However, it requires an invasive and tedious procedure of arterial blood sampling that is challenging in mice because of the limited blood volume. In this study, a hybrid ...
Knežević Nikola Ž - - 2013
Lately, there has been a growing interest in anticancer therapy with a combination of different drugs that work by different mechanisms of action, which decreases the possibility that resistant cancer cells will develop. Herein we report on the development of a drug delivery system for photosensitive delivery of a known ...
Gu Pengfei - - 2013
Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), the best known polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) has been believed to change intracellular metabolic flow and oxidation/reduction state, as well as enhance stress resistance of the host. In this study, a PHB biosynthesis pathway, which contains phaCAB operon genes from Ralstonia eutropha, was introduced into an L-tryptophan producing Escherichia coli ...
Drysdale Emma - - 2013
Drysdale E, Knight HM, McIntosh AM, Blackwood DHR. Cognitive endophenotypes in a family with bipolar disorder with a risk locus on chromosome 4. Bipolar Disord 2013: 00: 000-000. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Objectives:  We studied cognitive function in high-risk relatives belonging to a ...
Lau Thomas Y H - - 2013
Chronic liver diseases are commonly associated with tissue hypoxia that may cause inflammation, oxidative stress, liver cell injury and increased nuclear transcriptional regulation. The hepatic response to chronic hypoxia at the molecular level has not yet been clearly understood until now. The aim of this study is to investigate whether ...
Narita Toru - - 2013
Background: The incidence of HER2 expression in gastric cancer varies among previous studies. Furthermore, serum HER2 levels have not been well studied in patients with gastric cancer.Methodology: Cancerous gastric tissue was analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) to give an IHC score (IHC0, 1+, 2+ or 3) for HER2 expression. Fluorescence in ...
Ye Yingchun - - 2013
A Fe-Cu-Al-O water gas shift catalyst with a Fe : Cu atomic ratio of 4 : 1 upon pretreatment at 350 °C in H(2) exhibits a conversion higher than a physical mixture of Fe-Al-O and Cu-Al-O by ∼40% over a temperature range of 300 °C-450 °C. In situ ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies ...
Burandt E - - 2013
AIB1 (amplified in breast cancer 1) is an estrogen receptorα (ERα) co-activator, known to be amplified and overexpressed in a fraction of breast cancers. It has been linked to prognosis and tamoxifen resistance. However, results have been ambiguous. The different functions of AIB1 in ERα-positive and -negative disease are poorly ...
William Danby F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The initial pathology in hidradenitis suppurativa / acne inversa (HS) takes place in the folliculopilosebaceous unit (FPSU) and its surrounding tissue. The process involves follicular hyperkeratosis, inflammation and perifolliculitis. Identification of the exact origin of inflammation may shed new light on the pathogenesis and aetiology of the disease. OBJECTIVES: ...
McGarrity Gerard J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lentiviral vectors are being used with increasing frequency in human clinical trials. We were the first to use lentiviral vectors in clinical trials in 2003. Our lentiviral vector encoded a long RNA antisense sequence to the HIV-1 envelope and was used in an ex vivo autologous setting to provide ...
Kimura Kazuyuki - - 2013
Some strains belonging to the genera Citrobacter and Enterobacter have been reported to produce chitin/chitosan-like bioflocculants (BFs) from acetate. In this study, to investigate the distribution of the BF-producing potential in the genus Citrobacter and to screen stably and highly BF-producing strains, we obtained 36 Citrobacter strains from different culture ...
Park Sophie - - 2013
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: CMML is a severe disease for which allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) remains the only potentially curative treatment. We describe a retrospective study determining prognostic factors for outcome after allo-SCT in consecutive 73 CMML patients reported to the SFGM-TC registry between 1992 and 2009. RESULTS: At diagnosis, ...
Cho Young-Eun - - 2013
Hepatocytes are used widely as a cell model for investigation of in vitro xenobiotic metabolism and the toxic mechanism of drugs. Simvastatin is the first statin drug used extensively in clinical practice for control of elevated cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia, and prevention of cardiovascular disease. However, it has also been reported ...
Sundov Zeljko - - 2013
Background/Aims: To clarify the influence of microvessel density (MVD), lymphangiogenesis (LVD), and vascular invasion on prognosis in lymph node-negative colon cancer. Methodology: We performed immunohistochemical analysis from 152 Duke's B colon carcinomas, CD34 and LYVE-1 antibodies. Carcinomas were graded as low or high grade. χ2 test was used to examine ...
Kim Bora - - 2013
Activation of the pregnane X receptor (PXR) alters the expression of metabolic enzymes and transporters involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics and endobiotics. To identify endogenous biomarkers of PXR activation in humans, rifampin, a strong PXR activator, was administered to 12 healthy male subjects, and their urine was analyzed before ...
Jianwei Zhu - - 2013
Kruppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) is a tumor suppressor gene frequently downregulated in a number of human cancers, including osteosarcoma. However, the role of KLF6 in osteosarcoma remains unclear. This study was aimed at investigating the effects of KLF6 on osteosarcoma cell biological behavior. First, the expression of KLF6 in osteosarcoma ...
Jilma-Stohlawetz Petra - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Octaplas LG is a prion-depleted version of a previous generation product called Octaplas S/D. We compared the recovery, safety, and tolerability of these two pharmaceutical-grade plasmas. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this comparative, block-randomized, open-label, active-controlled, crossover Phase I trial, 60 healthy adult volunteers received single transfusions of 1200 mL ...
Liu J - - 2013
Total five ear skin fibroblast lines (named F1, F2, F3, F4 and F5) from different newborn Holstein cows have been used as nuclear donor cells for producing cloned cows by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). The effects of these cell lines on both in vitro and in vivo developmental rates ...
Glannon Walter - - 2013
Neuromodulation consists in altering brain activity to restore mental and physical functions in individuals with neuropsychiatric disorders and brain and spinal cord injuries. This can be achieved by delivering electrical stimulation that excites or inhibits neural tissue, by using electrical signals in the brain to move computer cursors or robotic ...
Todorovic Slobodan M - - 2013
Pain is an important clinical problem and, in its chronic form, may be a disabling condition. Most currently available therapies are insufficient and/or accompanied by serious side effects. Recent studies have implicated the Ca(V)3.2 isoform of T-type Ca channels in nociceptive signaling. Ca(V)3.2 channels are located in the somas of ...
Fan Wenqing - - 2013
Semiconductor-based photocatalysis has attracted much attention in recent years because of its potential for solving energy and environmental problems that we are now facing. Among many photocatalytic reactions, the splitting of H(2)O into H(2) and O(2) and the reduction of CO(2) with H(2)O into organic compounds such as CH(4) and ...
Uclés A - - 2013
This work introduces a liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-hybrid quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-QTOF-MS)-based method for qualitative and quantitative analysis of poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers of generations 0 to 3 in an aqueous matrix. The multiple charging of PAMAM dendrimers generated by means of ESI has provided key advantages in dendrimer identification by assignation ...
Kumar K J Senthil - - 2013
Gallic acid (GA) is a phenolic compound, which has been reported to suppress melanogenesis in melanoma cells. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this inhibitory effect was poorly understood. In this article, we revealed that GA down-regulated melanogenic regulatory genes including tyrosinase, tyrosinase related protein-1 (TRP-1), and dopachrome tatamerase (Dct) expression ...
Oliynyk Vitaliy - - 2013
We report a robust and versatile membrane protein based system for selective uptake and release of ions from nanoporous particles sealed with ion-tight lipid bilayers of various compositions that is driven by the addition of ATP or a chemical potential gradient. We have successfully incorporated both a passive ion channel-type ...
Yong Jean H E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cost-effectiveness evidence is increasingly considered in the reimbursement decisions of pharmaceuticals. In some jurisdictions such as the UK and Canada, pharmaceutical manufacturers are required to submit economic evaluations when seeking reimbursement. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to describe the role of economic evidence in the cancer drug review process in ...
Chito Diana - - 2013
The complexing capacity of synthetic (tartrate 0.011 M in 13.5% ethanol) and real wine (Raimat Abadia) in titrations with added total Zn concentrations up to 0.03 M has been determined following the free Zn concentrations with AGNES (Absence of Gradients and Nernstian Equilibrium Stripping) technique. A correction to find the ...
Sztam Kevin A - - 2013
Abstract Poor nutritional status at initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is predictive of mortality. Decreased dietary intake is a major determinant of weight loss in HIV. Despite a biological rationale to treat undernutrition in adults receiving ART, few studies have provided data on feasibility, safety, effectiveness, and sustainability of specific ...
Almizraq Ruqayyah - - 2013
BACKGROUND: During storage detrimental biochemical and biomechanical changes occur within a red blood cell (RBC). RBC microparticles (RMPs) produced during storage have been identified as biomarkers of RBC quality, being potentially immunogenic and inhibitory to nitric oxide regulation. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, microvesiculation and changes in the ...
Schabert Jasmin - - 2013
A comprehensive understanding of the social and psychological impact of diabetes mellitus is important for informing policy and practice. One potentially significant, yet under-researched, issue is the social stigma surrounding diabetes. This narrative review draws on literature about health-related stigma in diabetes and other chronic conditions in order to develop ...
Suganya Ayyappan - - 2013
Mosquitoes transmit serious human diseases, causing millions of deaths every year. The use of synthetic insecticides to control vector mosquitoes has caused physiological resistance and adverse environmental effects in addition to high operational cost. Insecticides of synthesized natural products for vector control have been a priority in this area. In ...
Hare Dominic J - - 2013
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is a potent toxin used to selectively destroy dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and induce parkinsonism. MPTP is metabolised to the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) in glia, after which it enters the neuron via the dopamine transporter and results in elevated levels of oxidative stress. The mechanism through ...
Iland Harry J - - 2013
OPINION STATEMENT: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a unique subtype of acute myeloid leukemia that is characterized by distinct clinical, morphological, cytogenetic, and molecular abnormalities. It is associated with a striking risk of early hemorrhagic death due to disseminated intravascular coagulation and hyperfibrinolysis. The prognosis of APL has improved dramatically ...
Reid Allecia E - - 2013
Few studies have examined whether and how receiving an sexually transmitted disease (STD) diagnosis while in a romantic relationship relates to condom use and psychosocial sexual outcomes. Using dyadic data, we examined associations of a personal or a partner's STD diagnosis during a relationship with condom use, monogamy intentions, condom ...
Baxter Lisa K - - 2013
Central-site monitors do not account for factors such as outdoor-to-indoor transport and human activity patterns that influence personal exposures to ambient fine-particulate matter (PM(2.5)). We describe and compare different ambient PM(2.5) exposure estimation approaches that incorporate human activity patterns and time-resolved location-specific particle penetration and persistence indoors. Four approaches were ...
Wang Hui - - 2013
Silk scaffolds having biomimetic hierarchical porous structures were achieved by carefully tuning liquid-liquid separation in regenerated silk fibroin solutions. Such scaffolds show greatly enhanced cellular responses.
Cooper Richard - - 2013
The sale of over-the-counter (OTC) medicines from community pharmacies offers important opportunities for members of the public to access medicines and self-treat conditions. They are increasingly recognised, however, as having the potential for abuse and harm despite their perceived relative safety. This study reports on a qualitative study that explored ...
Broer Linda - - 2013
Telomere length (TL) has been associated with aging and mortality, but individual differences are also influenced by genetic factors, with previous studies reporting heritability estimates ranging from 34 to 82%. Here we investigate the heritability, mode of inheritance and the influence of parental age at birth on TL in six ...
Dickson David J - - 2013
Cyanobacteria inhabit nearly every ecosystem on earth, play a vital role in nutrient cycling, and are useful as model organisms for fundamental research in photosynthesis and carbon and nitrogen fixation. In addition, they are important for several established biotechnologies for producing food additives, nutritional and pharmaceutical compounds, and pigments, as ...
Freire João Miguel - - 2013
One of the major challenges in the drug development process is biodistribution across epithelia and intracellular drug targeting. Cellular membrane heterogeneity is one of the major drawbacks in developing efficient and sustainable drug delivery systems, which brings the need to study their interaction with lipids in order to unravel their ...
Del Prete Sonia - - 2013
Abstract Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative bacterium, is the causative agent of cholera and colonizes the upper small intestine where sodium bicarbonate is present at a high concentration. Sodium bicarbonate is a potential inducer of virulence gene expression. Bacteria can increase cytosolic bicarbonate levels through the existence of transporter family proteins ...
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