Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2384
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Szelenyi Istvan - - 2013
Flupirtine was developed long before K(V)7 (KCNQ) channels were known. However, it was clear from the beginning that flupirtine is neither an opioid nor a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic. Its unique muscle relaxing activity was discovered by serendipity. In the meantime, broad and intensive research has resulted in a partial clarification ...
Ladak Adil - - 2013
The soleus sling has been recently identified as a site of compression of the tibial nerve resulting in tibial neuropathy. Diagnosis of soleal sling syndrome is difficult, and has been based mainly on clinical examination. Advances in MR imaging with high-resolution 3-Tesla scanners have made direct visualization of nerve pathology ...
Kujawinski Dorothea M - - 2013
The interest in compound-specific isotope analysis for product authenticity control and source differentiation in environmental sciences has grown rapidly during the last decade. However, the isotopic analysis of very polar analytes is a challenging task due to the lack of suitable chromatographic separation techniques which can be used coupled to ...
Hart Stephen D - - 2013
We investigated the precision of individual risk estimates made using actuarial risk assessment instruments (ARAIs) by discussing some major conceptual issues and then illustrating them by analyzing new data. We used a standard multivariate statistical procedure, logistic regression, to create a new ARAI based on data from a follow-up study ...
Winarni Tri Indah - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fragile X testing is a priority in the evaluation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) cases because identification of the FMR1 mutation leads to new treatment options. This study is focused on determining the prevalence of the FMR1 gene mutation among ASD cases in Indonesia. METHOD: DSM-IV-TR criteria were administered ...
Wahab Muhammad A - - 2013
Accurate electrostatics modeling of the nanotubes (NT)/nanowires (NW) has significant implications for the ultimate scalability of aligned-array NT/NW-FET. The analysis to date has focused on limits of capacitive coupling between the 1D channel and 2D gate that is strictly relevant only in the linear response operation of NT/NW-FET. Moreover, the ...
Sommariva Elena - - 2013
Brugada syndrome is an inherited arrhythmogenic disorder leading to sudden death predominantly in the 3-4 decade. To date the only reliable treatment is the implantation of a cardioverter defibrillator; however, better criteria for risk stratification are needed, especially for asymptomatic subjects. Brugada syndrome genetic bases have been only partially understood, ...
D O'Shea - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Late presentation of HIV continues to undermine advances in the management of HIV. Opportunities to detect HIV at an earlier stage are often missed. Current estimates suggest that undiagnosed individuals comprise approximately one quarter of all people in the western world living with HIV. 'Testing-and-treating' this group has been ...
Kavoosi Gholamreza - - 2013
  Carum copticum and Ferula assafoetida have several medicinal properties including antispasmodic, carminative, sedative, analgesic, and antiseptic. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS), hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2) ), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) scavenging activities of Carum and Ferula oils along with their antibacterial and antifungal activities ...
Lin Ming-Cheng - - 2013
Preventive effects of ellagic acid against doxorubicin-induced cardiac oxidative, inflammatory and apoptotic stress were examined. This agent at 0.25, 0.5 or 1 % was added in feed and supplied to mice for 8 weeks, and followed by doxorubicin treatment. Ellagic acid intake increased its deposit in heart. Pre-intake of this compound at ...
Zhao Nan - - 2013
The metabolic syndrome (MS) is characterized by abdominal obesity, impaired glucose tolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Abdominal adiposity and insulin resistance appear to be at the core of the pathophysiology of MS and its individual components (1) As we known obesity or high body mass index (BMI) were associated with high ...
Furuta Natsumi - - 2013
Overexpression of BTBD10 (BTB/POZ domain-containing protein 10) suppresses G93A-superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1)-induced motor neuron death in a cell-based amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) model. In the present study, paraffin sections of spinal cords from 13 patients with sporadic ALS and 10 with non-ALS disorders were immunostained using a polyclonal anti-BTBD10 antibody. ...
Goldblum E - - 2013
Spinal anaesthesia is a safe and reliable anaesthetic modality for surgical procedures on the lower part of the body. However, because of the description of transient neurologic symptoms (TNS), most practitioners have abandoned intrathecal lidocaine. Chloroprocaine (2-chloroprocaine, CP) has been one candidate to replace lidocaine for short procedures, despite the ...
Sakr H - - 2013
This trial compared 6 cycles of fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FEC) with a sequential regimen of 3 cycles of FEC followed by 3 cycles of docetaxel (FEC-D) as adjuvant treatment for women with node-positive or/and T3 or T4 breast cancer. Between January 2006 and January 2010, 657 patients with operable breast cancer were ...
Pisa D - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the prototypical inflammatory disease of the central nervous system and spinal cord, leading to axonal demyelination of neurons. Recently, we have found a correlation between fungal infection and MS in peripheral blood of patients. The present work provides evidence of fungal infection in the cerebrospinal fluid ...
Yu Cong - - 2013
Gold nanostructures have generated significant attention in biomedical areas because of their major role in cancer photothermal therapeutics. In order to conveniently combine gold nanostructures and drugs into one nanocomposite, Au(2)Se/Au core-shell nanostructures with strong near-infrared-absorbing properties were synthesized using a simple method and embedded inside bovine serum albumin (BSA) ...
Shkeir Omar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) have devastating morbidity rates with mortality mainly because of metastasis. METHODS: Multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to assay a variety of cytokine levels secreted by a panel of stage-specific and anatomic site-specific primary, and recurrent and metastatic University of Michigan-HNSCC cell lines ...
Liu Baoyu - - 2013
The mesoporous zeolite is a novel porous material possessing mesopores as well as the inherent micropores of zeolites. This material can exhibit the dual merits of two different pore structures and enable zeolites to have maximum structural functions. During the past few decades, various synthetic strategies have been well developed. ...
Dalsgaard Petur Weihe - - 2013
A fully automated solid-phase extraction (SPE) and ultra-performance liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-TOF-MS(E) ) method for screening of 30 acidic and neutral pharmaceuticals in whole blood was developed and validated.
Ali Saba M - - 2013
The "acid mantle" is a topic not only of historical interest, but also of clinical significance and has recently been linked to vital stratum corneum function. Despite compelling basic science evidence placing skin pH as a key factor in barrier homeostasis, stratum corneum integrity, and antimicrobial defense, application of the ...
Elfiky Abdo A - - 2013
The current available treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV)-the causative of liver cirrhosis and development of liver cancer-is a dual therapy using modified interferon and ribavirin. While this regimen increases the sustained viral response rate up to 40-80 % in different genotypes, unfortunately, it is poorly tolerated by patients. PSI-7977, a ...
Wang Min - - 2013
A novel compound 1 containing rhodamine B and macrocyclic groups has been synthesized. It was found to exhibit a reversible colorimetric response, high selectivity and sensitivity for Cu(II) ion over other commonly coexistent metal ions. The colorimetric and fluorescent response to Cu(II) can be conveniently detected even by the naked ...
Kuroki Tamotsu - - 2013
Background/Aims: Multifocal lesions of the pancreas generally require a total pancreatectomy. However, total pancreatectomy causes severe and permanent pancreatic endocrine and exocrine insufficiency. The aim of this study was to review our experiences of combined resection of the pancreas as an alternative to total pancreatectomy. Methodology: From July 2004 to ...
Digby Robin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A metropolitan geriatric evaluation and management (GEM) facility in Australia was undergoing expansion, and consideration for the needs of individuals with dementia and their family carers was identified as important in planning the new facility. Existing literature revealed that people in hospital value privacy, minimal noise, family amenities and ...
Naigles Letitia R - - 2013
In two experiments, typically developing (TD) children, high-functioning children with autism (HFA) and children with a history of autism who have achieved optimal outcomes (OOs), matched on age (M = 13 years) and nonverbal IQ, were asked to extend properties of categories to new items (categorical induction). All groups demonstrated some knowledge of ...
Petrelli F - - 2013
Skin rash is an early and frequent phenomenon during treatment with anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibodies. The objective of this review is to assess the predictive value of skin rash in patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with cetuximab and panitumumab. We searched PubMed and ASCO Meetings for publications ...
Wei Lan - - 2013
The emergency observation room (EOR) in a Chinese hospital provides medium-term observation and treatment, as well holding patients who will be admitted to the wards. The operational pattern of the EOR lies between those of the outpatient and inpatient services. We developed a novel information system for the EOR to ...
Haffey Faye - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Many medical professionals use smartphone applications (apps) on a daily basis to support clinical decision making. Opioid switching (conversion of one opioid to another at equianalgesic dose) is common in clinical practice and often challenging for doctors. Apps providing an opioid conversion tool can therefore be a useful resource. ...
Vlachodimos Kostas - - 2013
Reforestation with black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) is considered a successful technique that is often used for the reclamation of open-cast mine areas. An alternative reclamation technique could be the natural regeneration of vegetation with spontaneous grass species. In this study, we compared the concentrations of chemical and biochemical variables in ...
Rhee E - - 2013
AIMS: This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of a DPP-4 inhibitor, gemigliptin, versus sitagliptin added to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, randomized, active-controlled trial in 425 Asian patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes being treated with metformin alone. ...
Jakobsen Tanja Roien - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate whether women who develop preeclampsia can be identified in a routine analysis when determining fetal RHD status at 25 weeks' gestation in combination with PAPP-A levels at the first-trimester combined risk assessment for Trisomy 21. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: D- women participating in the ...
Liu Beibei - - 2013
Because nutrient enrichment has become increasingly severe in the Tai Lake Basin of China, identifying sources and loads is crucial for watershed nutrient management. This paper develops an empirical framework to estimate nutrient release from five major sectors, which requires fewer input parameters and produces acceptable accuracy. Sectors included are ...
Malusek A - - 2013
Dosimetric accuracy of radiation treatment planning in brachytherapy depends on knowledge of tissue composition. It has been speculated that soft tissues can be decomposed to water, lipid and protein. The aim of our work is to evaluate the accuracy of such tissue decomposition. Selected abdominal soft tissues, whose average elemental ...
Churchman Adam H - - 2013
We investigate the effect of serum albumin on the interaction of ZnO nanoparticles with DOPC lipid membranes and show that the size-stabilizing effect of the protein corona enhances their interaction with lipid membranes, which manifests, in part, as an increased ordering in the lipid packing.
Metayer Catherine - - 2013
We examine the association between exposure to herbicides and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Dust samples were collected from homes of 269 ALL cases and 333 healthy controls (<8 years of age at diagnosis/reference date and residing in same home since diagnosis/reference date) in California, using a high-volume surface sampler ...
Turcotte-Savard Marc-Olivier - - 2013
We report a new synthetic sequence for the preparation of silylated 2,2-difluorostyrene derivatives. This new route has numerous advantages over the previous one including enhanced scope, higher yields, ease of purification, and significant reduction of the amount of desilylated side-products. An unexpected transformation of a silylated 2,2-difluorostyrene derivative is also ...
McEntire Jude - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Understanding patients' attitudes to their medical experience is essential for identifying value in the patient pathway, optimizing care and use of resources. This service evaluation was undertaken to determine patients' preferences and expectations for day case colonoscopy, a common gastrointestinal procedure for which there is limited such data. ...
Ziemann Malte - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Donors with short interdonation intervals (e.g., apheresis donors) have an increased risk of window period donations. The frequency of cytomegalovirus (CMV) window period donations is important information to decide whether selection of seronegative donors might be advantageous for patients at risk for transfusion-transmitted CMV infections (TT-CMV). STUDY DESIGN AND ...
Wang L - - 2013
Human adipose-derived adult stem cells (hADSCs) can express human telomerase reverse transcriptase phenotypes under an appropriate culture condition. Because adipose tissue is abundant and easily accessible, hADSCs offer a promising source of stem cells for tissue engineering application and other cell-based therapies. However, the shortage of cells number and the ...
Lee James V - - 2013
Songbirds communicate by learned vocalizations with concomitant changes in neurophysiological and genomic activities in discrete parts of the brain. Here, we tested a novel implementation of diffusive optical imaging (also known as diffuse optical imaging, DOI) for monitoring brain physiology associated with vocal signal perception. DOI noninvasively measures brain activity ...
Xu Jiaxing - - 2013
The neutral protease WQ from Bacillus cereus is stable in various aqueous organic mixtures, with the exception of those containing acetonitrile (ACN) and dimethylformamide (DMF). The stability of the enzyme in aqueous hydrophilic solvents was dramatically enhanced with the addition of calcium ions, with the degree of improvement in the ...
Li Runzhi - - 2013
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the acyl-CoA-dependent acylation of sn-1,2-diacylglycerol to form seed oil triacylglycerol (TAG). To understand the features of genes encoding soybean (Glycine max) DGATs and possible roles in soybean seed oil synthesis and accumulation, two full-length cDNAs encoding type 1 diacylglycerol acyltransferases (GmDGAT1A and GmDGAT1B) were cloned from ...
Firat Penpe Gul - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Accurate intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement is important but of unsure reliability in patients with keratoconus. Different types and models of tonometers are available. This study investigated the influence of corneal parameters on IOP readings obtained by a Goldmann applanation tonometer, a non-contact tonometer and a dynamic contour tonometer. METHODS: ...
Saini Ashish - - 2013
In recent years, significant effort has been given to predicting protein functions from protein interaction data generated from high throughput techniques. However, predicting protein functions correctly and reliably still remains a challenge. Recently, many computational methods have been proposed for predicting protein functions. Among these methods, clustering based methods are ...
Li Zhen - - 2013
Reducing ferromagnetic particle size is an important strategy to improve their positive effect on image through the suppression of their negative effect, demonstrated by ultrasmall manganese ferrite nanoparticles prepared from an environmentally-friendly aqueous route. These ultrasmall particles exhibit pronounced paramagnetic characteristics and nontoxicity, making them efficient T(1) -positive contrast agent ...
Pang Hee-Nee - - 2013
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the outcome of constrained and unconstrained primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the management of the valgus deformity. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with type II valgus knee who underwent primary TKA from 1999 to 2011. There were ...
van Huis Maike - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines for pediatric renal transplantation (Tx) are lacking. This may lead to unwanted treatment variations. We aimed to quantify the variation in treatment policies and its consequences in daily practice in 11 centers that provide renal Tx for children in three European countries. METHODS: We surveyed Tx policies ...
Wang Hai - - 2013
Human embryo implantation involves a complex network of molecular signaling that is modulated by endocrine and paracrine pathways. Here, we performed studies using a unique and recently developed three dimensional (3D) implantation model, characterized by an endometrium-like 3D culture system and Jar cells-derived spheroids mimicking the embryo/trophoblast. The aims were ...
Patel Archana B - - 2013
Sex selection, a gender discrimination of the worst kind, is highly prevalent across all strata of Indian society. Physicians have a crucial role in this practice and implementation of the Indian Government's Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act in 1996 to prevent the misuse of ultrasound techniques for the purpose of prenatal ...
Yeom Hyun-Suk - - 2013
We have developed gold(i)-catalyzed oxidative cyclopropanation of 1,6-enynes derived from propiolamides employing diphenyl sulfoxide as an oxidant. 1,6-Enynes having a terminal alkyne and a propiolamide tether efficiently transformed into cyclopropane carboxaldehyde derivatives.
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