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Kurban Mark R MR Department of Physics and Astronomy and The Center for Supramolecular Studies, California State University at Northridge, Northridge, California 91330, USA. - - 2013
Picosecond rotational correlation times of perdeuterated tempone (PDT) are found in alkane and aromatic liquids by directly using the spectral width of the central electron paramagnetic resonance line. This is done by mathematically eliminating the nonsecular spectral density from the spectral parameter equations, thereby removing the need to assume a ...
Kim Jiyeon J Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh, 219 Parkman Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, - - 2013
The nuclear pore complex (NPC) is the proteinaceous nanopore that solely mediates molecular transport across the nuclear envelope between the nucleus and cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell. Small molecules (<40 kDa) diffuse through the large pore of this multiprotein complex. A passively impermeable macromolecule tagged with a signal peptide is ...
McGuigan Christopher C Cardiff School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cardiff University, Redwood Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3NB, - - 2013
Dideoxy bicyclic pyrimidine nucleoside analogues (ddBCNAs) with d-chirality have previously been described by us to inhibit replication of human cytomegalovirus. We herein report for the first time that activity against vaccinia virus (VACV) was achieved using novel l-analogues. A structure-activity relationship was established: Antiviral activity versus VACV was highest with ...
Lalonde Mathieu P MP Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United - - 2013
A highly enantio- and diastereoselective synthesis of indolo- and benzoquinolizidine compounds has been developed through the formal aza-Diels-Alder reaction of enones with cyclic imines. This transformation is catalyzed by a new bifunctional primary aminothiourea that achieves simultaneous activation of both the enone and imine reaction components.
Geurink Paul P PP Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden Institute of Chemistry and Netherlands Proteomics Centre, Einsteinweg 55, 2333 CC Leiden, The - - 2013
Proteasomes degrade the majority of proteins in mammalian cells by a concerted action of three distinct pairs of active sites. The chymotrypsin-like sites are targets of antimyeloma agents bortezomib and carfilzomib. Inhibitors of the trypsin-like site sensitize multiple myeloma cells to these agents. Here we describe systematic effort to develop ...
Zhu Qing Q School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, - - 2013
The crystallization kinetics of naproxen (NAP) in NAP/polyethylene glycol (NAP/PEG) solid dispersions prepared at different crystallization temperatures was studied by in situ small-angle X-ray scattering/wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS). It was found that the crystallization rate of NAP was faster at 25 °C in comparison to 40 °C. This resulted in ...
Lohman Jeremy R JR Department of Chemistry, Scripps Research Institute, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, Florida 33485, United - - 2013
The β-branched C3 unit in leinamycin biosynthesis is installed by a set of four proteins, LnmFKLM. In vitro biochemical investigation confirmed that LnmK is a bifunctional acyltransferase/decarboxylase (AT/DC) that catalyzes first self-acylation using methylmalonyl-CoA as a substrate and subsequently transacylation of the methylmalonyl group to the phosphopantetheinyl group of the ...
Katoch Rajan - - 2013
This review highlights the advances in the knowledge of RNA interference (RNAi) and discusses recent progress on the functionality of different components RNAi machinery operating in the organisms. The silencing of genes by RNA interference has become the technology of choice for investigation of gene functions in different organisms. The ...
Robienski J - - 2013
The increase in density of information available in relation to patients and research participants, in particular in the context of genetic diagnostics and analysis, results in an increased potential for uncovering details which were unexpected but are of particular significance for the patient. Deciding how this information is dealt with ...
Wei Haixiang - - 2013
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common degenerative arthritic cartilage and represents a disease where the prospect of stem cell therapy offers considerable hope. Currently, bone marrow (BM) represents the major source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for cell therapy. In the pathology of RA, the pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as ...
Heudorf U - - 2013
In 2001, the German Protection against Infection Act came into force, implementing a variety of new regulations. For the first time, obligatory infection control visits of the public health departments in surgical ambulatory practices were implemented, as well as optional infection control visits in all medical, dental and paramedical practices ...
Schmitt-Graeff A H - - 2013
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) comprise a spectrum of clonal stem cell disorders which are currently defined according to the classification scheme of the revised 2008 WHO classification but which may be further refined in the future. The clinical presentation is often characterized by unexplained isolated or multiple peripheral blood cytopenias resulting ...
Lo Yu-Sheng - - 2013
In this study, we propose an approach to build a detection model for surveillance of healthcare-associated urinary tract infection (HA-UTI) based on the variables extracted from the electronic medical records (EMRs) in a 730-bed, tertiary-care teaching hospital in Taiwan. Firstly we mapped the CDC's HA-UTI case definitions to a set ...
Stieger M - - 2013
Extracorporeal shock waves are defined as a sequence of sonic pulses characterized by high peak pressure over 100 MPa, fast pressure rise, and short lifecycle. In the 1980s extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) was first used for the treatment of urolithiasis. Orthopedic surgeons use extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) to ...
Häuser W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are no up to date data from representative samples of the general German population on the prevalence of debilitating pain and of pain diseases available. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of the German general population including persons ≥ 14 years of age was conducted in 2012 ...
Chan K H - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Bilirubin has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Previous studies demonstrated that higher bilirubin levels were associated with reduced prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, the relationship between bilirubin and lower-limb amputation, a consequence of PAD, is currently unknown. We hypothesised that, in patients with type 2 diabetes, bilirubin concentrations ...
Humme D - - 2013
The development of malignancies during therapy with biologics has been discussed controversially. A patient with extensive pityriasis rubra pilaris failed to respond to standard therapeutic approaches. While receiving immunomodulatory therapy, lastly with ustekinumab, the patient developed a CD30(+) anaplastic large cell lymphoma.
Pepke W - - 2013
This case report presents the medical history of a patient suffering from chronic knee pain with specific heat phobia who had a long history of sick certificates. Using multimodal pain therapy and biofeedback therapy the acquired anxiety disorder could be solved. Long-term working ability could be achieved.
Lye Jessica C - - 2013
Members of the ZIP (SLC39A) and ZnT (SLC30A) families of transmembrane domain proteins are predicted to transport the essential transition metal zinc across membranes, regulating cellular zinc content and distribution via uptake and efflux at the outer plasma and organellar membranes. Twenty-four ZIP and ZnT proteins are encoded in mammalian ...
Wu Zhen-Yu - - 2013
Radio frequency identification (RFID) applications have the potential to increase the reliability of healthcare environments. However, there are obvious security and privacy concerns with regard to storing personal and medical data in RFID tags, and the lack of secure authentication systems in healthcare environments remains as a challenge the further ...
Alkraiji Abdullah - - 2013
Although health data standards are perceived to be the essential solution for interoperability barriers within medical IT systems, the level of adoption of those standards still remains frustratingly low. Little is known about the barriers facing their adoption within the healthcare organizations context. In addressing this gap in the literature, ...
Yahuaca-Juárez B - - 2013
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of alkaline cooking on the oxidative stability of oil in corn flour. A central composite design was used to study the combined effect of lime concentration (%) and steep time (h) on peroxide value (PV); specific extinction coefficients at 232 and ...
Wienecke A - - 2013
Population attributable fractions (PAFs) for the risk factors alcohol intake and overweight in the German population were calculated to estimate the preventability of colorectal and breast cancer attributable to these risk factors. Estimates were based on national alcohol consumption and overweight prevalence data in the German population. Comparative analyses were ...
Pogatzki-Zahn E M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain continues to be undermanaged, at least in part, due to inadequate organization and lack of use of opioids. Especially patients who do not receive consultation from an acute pain service and are therefore not eligible to receive regional anesthesia techniques or patient-controlled devices suffer from severe pain ...
Wang Yi-Fan - - 2013
Ultrasound guided aspiration of ovarian endometrioma had been tried as an alternative therapeutic modality in patients whose desire to avoid surgery or surgical approach is contraindicated since 1991. Cyst puncture can reduce tumor volume and destruct the cyst wall, alleviate sticking circumstances and enhance the chance of recovery. But simple ...
Fernández J - - 2013
In 2009, hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers (α-HCH, β-HCH, and γ-HCH [lindane]) were listed as persistent organic pollutants (POP) in the Stockholm Convention. Accordingly, the legacy of HCH/lindane production with the associated large HCH waste deposits has become recognized as an issue of global concern and is addressed in the implementation of ...
Lee Sunhee - - 2013
Microorganisms have been used for biodiesel (fatty acid methyl ester) production due to their significant environmental and economic benefits. The aim of the present research was to develop new strains of Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 and to increase the content of long-chain fatty acids by overexpressing essential enzymes that are ...
Zhu Haitao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Specific pathophysiological mechanism in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) at high altitude is unclear, and at present, there is no relevant and suitable animal model. METHODS: A hypobaric chamber was used to simulate an altitude of 4,000 m. Autologous arterial blood (3 ml) was slowly infused into the right basal ganglia of minipigs ...
Petrie Casey N - - 2013
Elevating levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) can have pronounced effects on the survival and maintenance of distinct populations of neurons. We have generated a line of transgenic mice in which NGF is expressed under the control of the smooth muscle α-actin promoter. These transgenic mice have augmented levels of ...
Pereira-Cunha Fernanda G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is a good source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation and cell therapy. In 2006, the Brazilian Public Network of Cord Blood Banks was founded; however, because our country is large, logistic problems could hamper the collection of numerous samples. Our aim was to evaluate ...
Shetty Geetha A - - 2013
Hippocampal neurogenesis, important for memory and mood function, wanes greatly in old age. Studies in rat models have implied that this decrease is not due to loss of neural stem cells (NSCs) in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus (DG) but rather due to an increased quiescence of NSCs. ...
Falkmer Torbjörn - - 2013
At present, 'gold standard' diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is a lengthy and time consuming process that requires suitably qualified multi-disciplinary team (MDT) personnel to assess behavioural, historical, and parent-report information to determine a diagnosis. A number of different tools have been developed to assist in determination. To optimise ...
Givi Babak - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A variety of tumors arise in or extend to the infratemporal fossa. We investigated the outcome of surgical management of these tumors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of a craniofacial approach to resection of infratemporal fossa tumors from 1992 to 2008 in a cancer center. RESULTS: Forty-three patients ...
Pikkel Joseph - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate a possible structural difference in the retina of hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)-treated patients as an explanation for the protective effect of this medication against age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: In this retrospective study, we compared the mean thickness of the retinal outer band (consisting of the Bruch's membrane and ...
Dinolfo Caterina - - 2013
This study examined the relations between interpretive understanding, sympathy, and moral emotion attribution (MEA) in the prediction of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptomatology in an ethnically diverse sample of 128 4- and 8-year-old children (49 % girls). Caregivers rated the children's ODD symptoms. Interpretive understanding was assessed using an advanced theory-of-mind ...
Pines Amos - - 2013
ABSTRACT For many years the preliminary results of both arms of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) were translated into very cautious, even negative recommendations in regard to the use of postmenopausal hormones. Despite the fact that further analyses from the WHI study, as well as data from other studies should ...
Bacchi Ataís - - 2013
Abstract Objective. This study evaluated the influence of framework material and vertical misfit on stress created in an implant-supported partial prosthesis under load application. Materials and methods. The posterior part of a severely reabsorbed jaw with a fixed partial prosthesis above two osseointegrated titanium implants at the place of the ...
Ip E H - - 2013
Motivated by an application to childhood obesity data in a clinical trial, this paper describes a multi-profile hidden Markov model (HMM) that uses several temporal chains of measures respectively related to psychosocial attributes, dietary intake, and energy expenditure behaviors of adolescents in a school setting. Using these psychological and behavioral ...
OleĊ„ska Ewa - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify heavy metal detoxification system in Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii isolated from Trifolium repens inhabiting old (70-100 years) Zn-Pb waste heaps in Poland by PCR reaction with czcD1 and czcD2 primers. By sequence analysis, four different genotypes of obtained amplicons were identified among eight ...
Eguchi Hidetoshi - - 2013
Background/Aims: In order to improve the poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer, a combination therapy consisting of preoperative chemoradiotherapy, surgery and postoperative chemotherapy may be an ideal strategy; nevertheless, the influence of preoperative therapy to postoperative therapy is not investigated. Methodology: Thirty patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were enrolled. A ...
Billis Evdokia - - 2013
Objective: To identify potential subgroups amongst patients with non-specific low back pain based on a consensus list of potentially discriminatory examination items. Design: Exploratory study. Participants: A convenience sample of 106 patients with non-specific low back pain (43 males, 63 females, mean age 36 years, standard deviation 15.9 years) and ...
Werner Hauke B - - 2013
The formation of central nervous system myelin by oligodendrocytes requires sterol synthesis and is associated with a significant enrichment of cholesterol in the myelin membrane. However, it is unknown how oligodendrocytes concentrate cholesterol above the level found in nonmyelin membranes. Here, we demonstrate a critical role for proteolipids in cholesterol ...
Prabhu Somnath J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous arterial closure devices have increasingly entered clinical practice to assist in achieving femoral arterial access site hemostasis. Prior studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of several arterial closure devices in adults. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of using an arterial closure device in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Tunca Berrin - - 2013
PURPOSE: Due to ethnic, genetic and environmental factors, the clinical and molecular characteristics of Turkish colorectal cancer (CRC) patients are different from those of Western populations. The aim of this study was to clarify the relevant alterations of gene expression associated with colorectal carcinogenesis in early-onset patients and to identify ...
Jones Patricia L - - 2013
The mating calls of male túngara frogs, Physalaemus pustulosus, attract intended (conspecific females) and unintended (eavesdropping predators and parasites) receivers. The calls are complex, having two components: a frequency-modulated "whine" followed by 0-7 harmonic bursts or "chucks". The whine is necessary and sufficient to elicit phonotaxis from females and the ...
Min Hong Ki - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Rifampin is one of the most important drugs in first-line therapies for tuberculosis. The renal toxicity of rifampin has been reported sporadically and acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) is a frequent histological finding. We describe for the first time a case of ATIN and Fanconi syndrome presenting as hypokalemic ...
Susha Andrei S - - 2013
We present results of a comparative study of colloidal anatase titanium oxide nanorods and extremely thin atomic wires of systematically decreasing (2.6 nm down to 0.5 nm) diameter in terms of their optical absorption as well as steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence. Steady-state photoluminescence spectra of the titania samples show three ...
Muhammad Hayat - - 2013
Introduction: Hyaline articular cartilage is the connective tissue responsible for frictionless joint movement. Its degeneration ultimately results in complete loss of joint function in the late stages of osteoarthritis. Intrinsic repair is compromised, and cartilage tissue regeneration is difficult. However, new options are available to repair cartilage tissue by applying ...
Boesgaard Kristine S - - 2013
There is an ongoing debate on how to correct leaf gas-exchange measurements for the unavoidable diffusion leakage that occurs when measurements are done in non-ambient CO(2) -concentrations. In this study we present a theory on how the CO(2) diffusion gradient over the gasket is affected by leaf mediated pores (LMP) ...
Kinabo G D - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of nasopharyngeal bacterial colonisation (NPBC) patterns in young Tanzanian HIV-exposed infants and to analyse the influence of maternal NPBC and of the infant's HIV status on the NPBC pattern. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort study of neonates born to HIV-infected mothers visiting Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Tanzania, ...
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