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Rizzoli R R Division of Bone Diseases, Geneva University Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2013
Vitamin D insufficiency has deleterious consequences on health outcomes. In elderly or postmenopausal women, it may exacerbate osteoporosis. There is currently no clear consensus on definitions of vitamin D insufficiency or minimal targets for vitamin D concentrations and proposed targets vary with the population. In view of the potential confusion ...
Osborne Robert L RL Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, - - 2013
The enzyme tyramine β-monooxygenase (TβM) belongs to a small eukaryotic family of physiologically important mononuclear dicopper monooxygenases. The properties of this family include noncoupled mononuclear copper centers ~11 Å apart, with Cu(M) performing C-H and O(2) activation and Cu(H) functioning as an electron storage site [Klinman, J. P. (2006) J. ...
Liu Lu L Key Laboratory of Agro-Food Processing and Quality Control, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100193, PR - - 2013
As a highly efficient and easily absorbable source of chromium, the identities of the chromium-binding substances in yeast remain unclear. In this study, a mild extraction procedure involving extraction with ammonia, three-gel filtration, and high-performance liquid chromatography was adopted to obtain two chromium-binding substances from high-chromium yeast. A low-molecular-weight chromium-binding ...
Bøje Charlotte Rotbøl - - 2013
Abstract Background. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is primarily caused by smoking and alcohol. Besides having a carcinogenic effect, smoking also leads to other diseases and thus contributes to a high prevalence of comorbidities among HNSCC patients. Furthermore, the world population is becoming older resulting in more elderly ...
Ouyang Yanling - - 2013
To compare the sensitivity of volume scanning with optical coherence tomography (OCT) to nonmydriatic color fundus photography (FP) for the detection of retinal irregularities in asymptomatic populations. Asymptomatic subjects without known ocular disease were recruited over a 6-month period. For each eye, two undilated 45° fundus images and four undilated ...
Krause K - - 2013
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) causes wheal and flare responses which are abrogated by H1-antihistamines giving rise to the hypothesis that PAF-induced wheal development is secondary to histamine release from dermal mast cells. But is this hypothesis correct? Wheal and flare responses were induced by intradermal injection of PAF, codeine and histamine ...
Kurban Mark R MR Department of Physics and Astronomy and The Center for Supramolecular Studies, California State University at Northridge, Northridge, California 91330, USA. - - 2013
Picosecond rotational correlation times of perdeuterated tempone (PDT) are found in alkane and aromatic liquids by directly using the spectral width of the central electron paramagnetic resonance line. This is done by mathematically eliminating the nonsecular spectral density from the spectral parameter equations, thereby removing the need to assume a ...
Chen Junyi - - 2013
To determine the effect of travoprost 0.004% on Schlemm's canal (SC) in healthy human eyes using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Twelve healthy volunteers were recruited for a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, and paired comparison study. Right eyes of subjects were randomly assigned to receive either travoprost 0.004% or placebo; the ...
Lopes Margarida C - - 2013
Astigmatism is a common refractive error that reduces vision, where the curvature and refractive power of the cornea in one meridian are less than those of the perpendicular axis. It is a complex trait likely to be influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Twin studies of astigmatism have found ...
Lee Young-Hee - - 2013
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) has well-known anti-inflammatory action in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the anti-inflammatory action of PPARγ involves in cellular cytoprotection and supports odontoblast differentiation under oxidative stress in HDPCs. To simulate long-term oxidative stress, pulp cells were ...
Ellingsen Pål Gunnar - - 2013
ABSTRACT. We present the use of correlation analysis on spectral data in order to quantify the amount of a given spectrum present with respect to a reference spectrum. The method is shown to be useful in analyzing hyperspectral fluorescence images. It is unhindered by the linear relationship assumed in linear ...
Chao Shih-Chun - - 2013
Effects of ultraviolet (UV) B on the pterygium and its cells have been studied previously, whereas little is known on the effects of UVA. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is a protease involved in tissue remodeling and cell migration, and its levels are increased in pterygium. The purpose of our study ...
von Heymann-Horan Annika B - - 2013
Abstract Integrated plans will be required to ensure care and rehabilitation for the growing number of cancer survivors. Information is lacking, however, about the extent to which patients' rehabilitation needs are being met, and characteristics of patients who experience unmet needs after their diagnosis and throughout the disease trajectory. Material ...
Chen Weng-Pin - - 2013
The push-out test has been widely performed to measure the bond strength of intracanal materials in dentistry. However, it is difficult to compare equitably the bond strengths from different testing specimens. The aim of this study was to investigate how a specimen's geometric parameters and the elastic moduli of dentin ...
Veloso Astrid Gisèle - - 2013
Abstract Background. A cancer diagnosis may lead to psychosocial problems and physical symptoms that can be relieved during rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to analyse patient-perceived unmet needs of rehabilitation close to time of diagnosis, i.e. frequencies of unmet needs and the association with sociodemographic characteristics, cancer type ...
Balducci Lodovico - - 2013
Abstract Cancer is a disease of aging. With the aging of the population and the improved survival of cancer patients, rehabilitation of older cancer survival is an increasingly common problem. Definition and assessment of aging. Age may be constructed as a progressive reduction in functional reserve of multiple organ systems ...
Ouyang Yanling - - 2013
To use three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (3D-OCT) to assess the prevalence of juxtapapillary retinal pigment epithelial detachments (jPED) in an asymptomatic population. Asymptomatic participants (i.e., family members of patients) were prospectively recruited over a 6-month period. Each subject completed a questionnaire prior to the acquisition of two undilated 45° fundus ...
Pagh Anja - - 2013
Abstract Background. The post-treatment follow-up is well-integrated in the oncologic care tradition, based on the risk of developing recurrent disease or new primary tumors in treated patients. Furthermore, follow-up serves as an opportunity to monitor treatment effects and to provide clinical care of side effects. In this study we measured ...
Butler John E JE Department of Microbiology, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52240, USA. - - 2013
Infection of germ-free isolator piglets with swine influenza (S-FLU) that generates dsRNA during replication causes elevation of immunoglobulins in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage, a very weak response to trinitrophenyl conjugates but an immune response to S-FLU. The increased immunoglobulin levels result mainly from the polyclonal activation of B cells during ...
Suthar Mehul S - - 2013
West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging neurotropic flavivirus that is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. WNV has disseminated broadly in the Western hemisphere and now poses a significant public health risk. The continuing spread of WNV, combined with the lack of specific therapeutics or ...
Zhang Yuntao - - 2013
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to play a crucial role in corneal degradation associated with the pathological progression of keratoconus. Currently, corneal cross-linking by riboflavin and ultraviolet A (RFUVA) has received significant attention for treatment of keratoconus. However, the extent to which MMPs digest cross-linked collagen and small leucine-rich ...
Houari Ahmed - - 2013
The kinetic formation of biofilms developing on nanofiltration (NF) membranes was studied for 2 years in the water production unit of Méry-sur-Oise, France. New membranes were set up in a pilot train integrated to the plant and autopsied after operation for 7, 80, 475 and 717 days. The biofouling layer was studied ...
Alexeev Vitali V Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, - - 2013
Adult stem cells produce a plethora of extracellular matrix molecules and have a high potential as cell-based therapeutics for connective tissue disorders of the skin. However, the primary challenge of the stem cell-based approach is associated with the inefficient homing of systemically infused stem cells to the skin. We examined ...
Anderson Clive C Comprehensive Health Centre/Epidemiology Research and Training Unit, Jamaica Ministry of Health, Kingston, - - 2013
The effectiveness of counseling messages to avoid unprotected sex during short-term treatment for curable sexually transmitted infections is unknown. We randomized 300 female STI clinic patients 18 years or older with cervicitis and/or vaginal discharge in Kingston, Jamaica, in 2010 to 2011, to 1 of 2 counseling messages for their ...
Locatelli Paola - - 2013
Given the close similarity between ovine and human cardiomyocytes, sheep models of myocardial infarction and heart failure are increasingly used in studies of stem cell-mediated heart regeneration. In these studies, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are frequently employed. To enhance the paracrine effects of these MSCs, ex vivo transfection with genes ...
Delvaux Thérèse - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objectives Family planning (FP) is essential in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. We critically review the evidence on HIV acquisition among women using hormonal contraception, and discuss the policy and operational implications. Methods Longitudinal studies conducted in sub-Saharan Africa published between 2008 and 2012, as well as ...
Jones Rebecca R - - 2013
Jones, R. R., Blades, M., Coleman, M. & Pascalis O. (2013). Learning new faces in typical and atypical populations of children. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 54, 10-13. Recognizing an individual as familiar is an important aspect of our social cognition, which requires both learning a face and recalling it. It ...
Zhao Liang - - 2013
To assess the 10-year incidence of pterygium and associated factors in adult Chinese. The population-based, longitudinal beijing eye study, which included 4439 subjects (age: 40+ years) in 2001, was repeated in 2011 with 2695 subjects participating (66.4% of the survivors). Eyes with a pterygium in 2001 (n = 90) were ...
Celik Davut - - 2013
Some improvements have been developed with new generations of nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments that led to their successful and extensive application in clinical practice. The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the root canal preparations performed by using GT Series X and Twisted File systems produced by innovative ...
Feng Liang - - 2013
Glaucoma is characterized by retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death and frequently associated with elevated IOP. How RGCs degenerate before death is little understood, so we sought to investigate RGC degeneration in a mouse model of ocular hypertension. A laser-induced mouse model of chronic ocular hypertension mimicked human high-tension glaucoma. Immunohistochemistry ...
Sayal Kapil K Section of Developmental Psychiatry, University of Nottingham, E Floor, South Block, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK. - - 2013
To investigate whether light drinking in pregnancy is associated with adverse child mental health and academic outcomes. Using data from the prospective, population-based Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we investigated the associations between light drinking in pregnancy (<1 glass per week in the first trimester) and child ...
Kerby Alan A Diabetes Research Group, Division of Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences, School of Medicine, King's College London, London, - - 2013
Co-transplantation of islets with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been shown to improve graft outcome in mice, which has been partially attributed to the effects of MSCs on revascularization and preservation of islet morphology. Microencapsulation of islets provides an isolated-graft model of islet transplantation that is non-vascularized and prevents islet ...
Heimann Mikael - - 2013
Heimann, M., Nordqvist, E., Rudner, M., Johansson, M. & Lindgren M. (2013). Associative learning measured with ERP predicts deferred imitation using a strict observation only design in 14 to15 month old children. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 54, 33-40. Deferred imitation (DI) is an established procedure for behavioral measurement of early declarative-like ...
Haffey Faye F Neonatal Department, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, SA, - - 2013
Many medical professionals use smartphone applications (apps) on a daily basis to support clinical decision making. Opioid switching (conversion of one opioid to another at equianalgesic dose) is common in clinical practice and often challenging for doctors. Apps providing an opioid conversion tool can therefore be a useful resource. Despite ...
Citrome Leslie - - 2013
Cariprazine is an atypical antipsychotic in clinical development for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar mania/mixed episodes. The purpose of this review is to describe the chemistry, pharmacodynamic profile, pharmacokinetics, and clinical profile of cariprazine. Cariprazine is a dopamine D3-preferring D3/D2 receptor partial agonist. Doses ≥ 1.5 mg/d yielded 69 ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
Rural-to-urban migrants represent 17% of the total Chinese population and are considered a potential high-risk bridging population of HIV infection between urban and rural China. Based on a systematic review and meta-analysis, this study determined HIV prevalence among rural-to-urban migrants in different stages of migration. This review was conducted and ...
Holm Lise Vilstrup - - 2013
Abstract Objectives. In a healthcare system with equal access we analysed possible associations between cancer survivors' socioeconomic status (SES) and their: 1) need for rehabilitation; 2) participation in rehabilitation activities; and 3) unmet needs for rehabilitation in a 14-month period following date of diagnosis. Methods. A population-based cohort study including ...
Soni Lori K - - 2013
Some have suggested the superiority of biatrial versus left atrial lesions. We sought to analyze our experience. We retrospectively reviewed 305 consecutive patients from 2007 to 2011. Rhythm success was defined as freedom from atrial fibrillation (AF) or flutter determined by 12-lead electrocardiograms at 3-month intervals. Lesions sets were pulmonary ...
Lee Yin-Yang - - 2013
We investigated the independent impact of potential risk factors on myopia in young adults. A survey study was conducted with male military conscripts aged 18 to 24 years between February 2010 and March 2011 in Taiwan. The participants were examined using non-cycloplegic autorefraction and biometry. The participants provided data about ...
Potharst Eva S - - 2013
Aim  This study aimed to compare a broad array of neurocognitive functions (processing speed, aspects of attention, executive functioning, visual-motor coordination, and both face and emotion recognition) in very preterm and term-born children and to identify perinatal risk factors for neurocognitive dysfunctions. Method  Children who were born very preterm (n=102; ...
Mathieu Sylvie - - 2013
Little information is yet available on the signals involved in progenitor cell migration that precede reparative dentin synthesis. Our aim was to investigate the effect of the controlled release of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) on permanent teeth pulp cell proliferation and progenitor cell migration. ...
Billis Evdokia E Department of Physiotherapy, Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Patras, Greece. - - 2013
To identify potential subgroups amongst patients with non-specific low back pain based on a consensus list of potentially discriminatory examination items. Exploratory study. A convenience sample of 106 patients with non-specific low back pain (43 males, 63 females, mean age 36 years, standard deviation 15.9 years) and 7 physiotherapists. Based ...
Shen Ya - - 2013
The performance and mechanical properties of nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments are influenced by factors such as cross-section, flute design, raw material, and manufacturing processes. Many improvements have been proposed by manufacturers during the past decade to provide clinicians with safer and more efficient instruments. The mechanical performance of NiTi alloys is ...
Ferns Sunita J - - 2013
To compare the results of bidirectional Glenn when performed with or without pulsatile pulmonary blood flow in a cohort of patients with a single ventricle. Records of 212 patients undergoing staged single ventricle palliation during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Of those, 103 (33 in pulsatile group A and ...
Fritsch Johannes - - 2013
Molecular hydrogen (H(2)) is used as an energy source or a way to deposit excess reducing power by a wide range of microorganisms. Both H(2) oxidation and production are catalysed by hydrogenases. As these metalloenzymes are usually exquisitely O(2) sensitive, H(2) metabolism under aerobic conditions, which is known as O(2)-tolerant ...
McEvoy Claire T - - 2013
To examine the association between a posteriori-derived dietary patterns (DP) and retinal vessel caliber in an elderly population. This was a cross-sectional study of 288 elderly adults (>65 years) who participated in the European Eye study (EUREYE) Northern Irish cohort. DP were extracted using principal component analysis from completed food ...
Musa Fernanda - - 2013
Topotecan was initially approved for the treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer. In cervical cancer, it has been investigated for its potential as part of systemic therapy for advanced and/or recurrent disease and in combination with cisplatin and radiation as a first-line treatment for advanced disease. As a topoisomerase I (topo ...
Estep M C MC Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, - - 2013
Sample sequence analysis was employed to investigate the repetitive DNAs that were most responsible for the evolved variation in genome content across seven panicoid grasses with >5-fold variation in genome size and different histories of polyploidy. In all cases, the most abundant repeats were LTR retrotransposons, but the particular families ...
Dong Yingchun - - 2013
Pulpitis has been associated with abundant inflammatory cells, dilated blood vessels, and thickening nerve fibers histopathologically with or without severe pain clinically. On the basis of EphA7 receptor expression in inflammatory cells, the developing mouse dental pulp, and trigeminal nerve system, EphA7 may possibly be involved in local inflammatory response ...
Meites Elissa - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We studied 2941 young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men using National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System data. Within the past 12 months, 88.9% used health care, suggesting many opportunities for recommended care including human papillomavirus vaccination. However, only 61.3% disclosed male-male sexual attraction/behavior to a ...
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