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Mitchell Alex J - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Screening for distress is controversial with many advocates and detractors. Previously it was reasonable to assert that there was a lack of evidence but this position is no longer tenable. The question is now: what does the evidence show and, in particular, when is screening successful and when ...
Olowookere Samuel Anu - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objective To determine the fertility intentions of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) attending a secondary care facility at Osogbo, Southwest Nigeria. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study design was employed. Information on fertility intentions of PLWHA was gathered by means of an interviewer-administered questionnaire. The data were analysed using descriptive ...
Pagh Anja - - 2013
Abstract Background. The post-treatment follow-up is well-integrated in the oncologic care tradition, based on the risk of developing recurrent disease or new primary tumors in treated patients. Furthermore, follow-up serves as an opportunity to monitor treatment effects and to provide clinical care of side effects. In this study we measured ...
Locatelli Paola - - 2013
Given the close similarity between ovine and human cardiomyocytes, sheep models of myocardial infarction and heart failure are increasingly used in studies of stem cell-mediated heart regeneration. In these studies, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are frequently employed. To enhance the paracrine effects of these MSCs, ex vivo transfection with genes ...
Delvaux Thérèse - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objectives Family planning (FP) is essential in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. We critically review the evidence on HIV acquisition among women using hormonal contraception, and discuss the policy and operational implications. Methods Longitudinal studies conducted in sub-Saharan Africa published between 2008 and 2012, as well as ...
Jones Rebecca R - - 2013
Jones, R. R., Blades, M., Coleman, M. & Pascalis O. (2013). Learning new faces in typical and atypical populations of children. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 54, 10-13. Recognizing an individual as familiar is an important aspect of our social cognition, which requires both learning a face and recalling it. It ...
Houari Ahmed - - 2013
The kinetic formation of biofilms developing on nanofiltration (NF) membranes was studied for 2 years in the water production unit of Méry-sur-Oise, France. New membranes were set up in a pilot train integrated to the plant and autopsied after operation for 7, 80, 475 and 717 days. The biofouling layer was studied ...
Shen Ya - - 2013
The performance and mechanical properties of nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments are influenced by factors such as cross-section, flute design, raw material, and manufacturing processes. Many improvements have been proposed by manufacturers during the past decade to provide clinicians with safer and more efficient instruments. The mechanical performance of NiTi alloys is ...
Ferns Sunita J - - 2013
To compare the results of bidirectional Glenn when performed with or without pulsatile pulmonary blood flow in a cohort of patients with a single ventricle. Records of 212 patients undergoing staged single ventricle palliation during a 10-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Of those, 103 (33 in pulsatile group A and ...
Fritsch Johannes - - 2013
Molecular hydrogen (H(2)) is used as an energy source or a way to deposit excess reducing power by a wide range of microorganisms. Both H(2) oxidation and production are catalysed by hydrogenases. As these metalloenzymes are usually exquisitely O(2) sensitive, H(2) metabolism under aerobic conditions, which is known as O(2)-tolerant ...
Zhang Lei - - 2013
Rural-to-urban migrants represent 17% of the total Chinese population and are considered a potential high-risk bridging population of HIV infection between urban and rural China. Based on a systematic review and meta-analysis, this study determined HIV prevalence among rural-to-urban migrants in different stages of migration. This review was conducted and ...
von Heymann-Horan Annika B - - 2013
Abstract Integrated plans will be required to ensure care and rehabilitation for the growing number of cancer survivors. Information is lacking, however, about the extent to which patients' rehabilitation needs are being met, and characteristics of patients who experience unmet needs after their diagnosis and throughout the disease trajectory. Material ...
Chen Weng-Pin - - 2013
The push-out test has been widely performed to measure the bond strength of intracanal materials in dentistry. However, it is difficult to compare equitably the bond strengths from different testing specimens. The aim of this study was to investigate how a specimen's geometric parameters and the elastic moduli of dentin ...
Bøje Charlotte Rotbøl - - 2013
Abstract Background. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is primarily caused by smoking and alcohol. Besides having a carcinogenic effect, smoking also leads to other diseases and thus contributes to a high prevalence of comorbidities among HNSCC patients. Furthermore, the world population is becoming older resulting in more elderly ...
Suthar Mehul S - - 2013
West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging neurotropic flavivirus that is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. WNV has disseminated broadly in the Western hemisphere and now poses a significant public health risk. The continuing spread of WNV, combined with the lack of specific therapeutics or ...
Celik Davut - - 2013
Some improvements have been developed with new generations of nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments that led to their successful and extensive application in clinical practice. The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the root canal preparations performed by using GT Series X and Twisted File systems produced by innovative ...
Liu Jing - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical effect and safety of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) in treating spinal cord injury (SCI) by intrathecal injection. From January 2008 to October 2010, we treated 22 patients with SCI with UC-MSCs by intrathecal injection; dosage was 1 × 10(6) ...
Pastor Zlatko - - 2013
ABSTRACT Objectives To determine the relationship between the use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and sexual desire based on a systematic review of the literature. Methods MEDLINE Complete, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library were searched for articles published between 1975 and 2011, reporting the effects of oral contraceptives on ...
Dong Yingchun - - 2013
Pulpitis has been associated with abundant inflammatory cells, dilated blood vessels, and thickening nerve fibers histopathologically with or without severe pain clinically. On the basis of EphA7 receptor expression in inflammatory cells, the developing mouse dental pulp, and trigeminal nerve system, EphA7 may possibly be involved in local inflammatory response ...
Meites Elissa - - 2013
ABSTRACT: We studied 2941 young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men using National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System data. Within the past 12 months, 88.9% used health care, suggesting many opportunities for recommended care including human papillomavirus vaccination. However, only 61.3% disclosed male-male sexual attraction/behavior to a ...
Pennathur Arjun - - 2013
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is rapidly increasing in the western population. Despite aggressive treatment, survival after esophagectomy is suboptimal. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the gene expression profiles in esophageal adenocarcinoma and determine their association with survival after resection. We conducted a prospective National ...
Yang Bin - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in rats. SAP was established in rats by retrograde pancreatic duct injection of sodium taurocholate. In one group, 5 × 10(6) cells/kg of UCMSC suspension was injected into the ...
Kamdar Forum - - 2013
Continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices have become the standard of care for patients with heart failure requiring mechanical circulatory support as a bridge to transplant. However, data on long-term post-transplant survival for these patients are limited. We evaluated the effect of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices on postcardiac transplant survival ...
Rovee-Collier Carolyn - - 2013
Rovee-Collier, C., Mitchell, K. & Hsu-Yang, V. (2013). Effortlessly strengthening infant memory: Associative potentiation of new learning. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 54, 4-9. We recently discovered that young infants learn a new association better in the presence of a prior association than when they learn it alone - a phenomenon ...
Ellingsen Pål Gunnar - - 2013
ABSTRACT. We present the use of correlation analysis on spectral data in order to quantify the amount of a given spectrum present with respect to a reference spectrum. The method is shown to be useful in analyzing hyperspectral fluorescence images. It is unhindered by the linear relationship assumed in linear ...
Carlin Stephen M - - 2013
Expansion of hemopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in vitro is a potential strategy for improving transplant outcomes, but expansion methods tend to promote differentiation and loss of stem cell potential. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor antagonists (AhRAs) have recently been shown to protect HSC stemness during expansion; however, little is known of the ...
Su Shu - - 2013
Age-related cataract (ARC) is one of the most common causes of severe visual impairment among the elderly worldwide with four subtypes, such as cortical, nuclear, subcapsular, and mixed types. DNA damage and malfunction of DNA repair are believed to contribute to the pathogenesis of ARC. This study examined the associations ...
McEvoy Claire T - - 2013
To examine the association between a posteriori-derived dietary patterns (DP) and retinal vessel caliber in an elderly population. This was a cross-sectional study of 288 elderly adults (>65 years) who participated in the European Eye study (EUREYE) Northern Irish cohort. DP were extracted using principal component analysis from completed food ...
Zhang Yuntao - - 2013
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are thought to play a crucial role in corneal degradation associated with the pathological progression of keratoconus. Currently, corneal cross-linking by riboflavin and ultraviolet A (RFUVA) has received significant attention for treatment of keratoconus. However, the extent to which MMPs digest cross-linked collagen and small leucine-rich ...
Lee Yin-Yang - - 2013
We investigated the independent impact of potential risk factors on myopia in young adults. A survey study was conducted with male military conscripts aged 18 to 24 years between February 2010 and March 2011 in Taiwan. The participants were examined using non-cycloplegic autorefraction and biometry. The participants provided data about ...
Chao Shih-Chun - - 2013
Effects of ultraviolet (UV) B on the pterygium and its cells have been studied previously, whereas little is known on the effects of UVA. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is a protease involved in tissue remodeling and cell migration, and its levels are increased in pterygium. The purpose of our study ...
Chen Junyi - - 2013
To determine the effect of travoprost 0.004% on Schlemm's canal (SC) in healthy human eyes using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Twelve healthy volunteers were recruited for a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, and paired comparison study. Right eyes of subjects were randomly assigned to receive either travoprost 0.004% or placebo; the ...
Zhao Liang - - 2013
To assess the 10-year incidence of pterygium and associated factors in adult Chinese. The population-based, longitudinal beijing eye study, which included 4439 subjects (age: 40+ years) in 2001, was repeated in 2011 with 2695 subjects participating (66.4% of the survivors). Eyes with a pterygium in 2001 (n = 90) were ...
Ouyang Yanling - - 2013
To use three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (3D-OCT) to assess the prevalence of juxtapapillary retinal pigment epithelial detachments (jPED) in an asymptomatic population. Asymptomatic participants (i.e., family members of patients) were prospectively recruited over a 6-month period. Each subject completed a questionnaire prior to the acquisition of two undilated 45° fundus ...
Lopes Margarida C - - 2013
Astigmatism is a common refractive error that reduces vision, where the curvature and refractive power of the cornea in one meridian are less than those of the perpendicular axis. It is a complex trait likely to be influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Twin studies of astigmatism have found ...
Chhablani Jay - - 2013
To test the feasibility of covalent loading of daunorubicin into oxidized porous silicon (OPS) and to evaluate the ocular properties of sustained delivery of daunorubicin in this system. Porous silicon was heat oxidized and chemically functionalized so that the functional linker on the surface was covalently bonded with daunorubicin. The ...
McClements Michelle - - 2013
To determine the role of variant L opsin haplotypes in seven families with Bornholm Eye Disease (BED), a cone dysfunction syndrome with dichromacy and myopia. Analysis of the opsin genes within the L/M opsin array at Xq28 included cloning and sequencing of an exon 3-5 gene fragment, long range PCR ...
Lye-Barthel Ming - - 2013
To establish the morphologic changes of astrocytes in the glial lamina of glaucomatous mice. A strain of mice that expresses GFP in individual astrocytes (hGFAPpr-GFP) was crossed into the DBA/2J strain that develops glaucoma. In the resulting strain (D2.hGFAPpr-GFP) we assessed the severity of glaucoma by staining the retina for ...
Draper Jolene M - - 2013
How herpes simplex virus (HSV) is transported from the infected neuron cell body to the axon terminal is poorly understood. Several viral proteins are candidates for regulating the process, but the evidence is controversial. We compared the results of Us9 deletions in two HSV strains (F and NS) using a ...
Kumar Sandeep - - 2013
To determine the effect of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) on outflow facility in mice. Animals received 20 μL of TA (40 mg/mL) suspension subconjunctivally either bilaterally or unilaterally and were euthanized after either 1 week or 3 weeks. Before mice were killed, IOP was measured with a rebound tonometer. Outflow facility ...
Ouyang Yanling - - 2013
To compare the sensitivity of volume scanning with optical coherence tomography (OCT) to nonmydriatic color fundus photography (FP) for the detection of retinal irregularities in asymptomatic populations. Asymptomatic subjects without known ocular disease were recruited over a 6-month period. For each eye, two undilated 45° fundus images and four undilated ...
Feng Liang - - 2013
Glaucoma is characterized by retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death and frequently associated with elevated IOP. How RGCs degenerate before death is little understood, so we sought to investigate RGC degeneration in a mouse model of ocular hypertension. A laser-induced mouse model of chronic ocular hypertension mimicked human high-tension glaucoma. Immunohistochemistry ...
Citrome Leslie - - 2013
Cariprazine is an atypical antipsychotic in clinical development for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar mania/mixed episodes. The purpose of this review is to describe the chemistry, pharmacodynamic profile, pharmacokinetics, and clinical profile of cariprazine. Cariprazine is a dopamine D3-preferring D3/D2 receptor partial agonist. Doses ≥ 1.5 mg/d yielded 69 ...
Musa Fernanda - - 2013
Topotecan was initially approved for the treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer. In cervical cancer, it has been investigated for its potential as part of systemic therapy for advanced and/or recurrent disease and in combination with cisplatin and radiation as a first-line treatment for advanced disease. As a topoisomerase I (topo ...
Alexeev Vitali V Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, - - 2013
Adult stem cells produce a plethora of extracellular matrix molecules and have a high potential as cell-based therapeutics for connective tissue disorders of the skin. However, the primary challenge of the stem cell-based approach is associated with the inefficient homing of systemically infused stem cells to the skin. We examined ...
Estep M C MC Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, - - 2013
Sample sequence analysis was employed to investigate the repetitive DNAs that were most responsible for the evolved variation in genome content across seven panicoid grasses with >5-fold variation in genome size and different histories of polyploidy. In all cases, the most abundant repeats were LTR retrotransposons, but the particular families ...
Fein Deborah D Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 01268, USA. - - 2013
Although autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are generally considered lifelong disabilities, literature suggests that a minority of individuals with an ASD will lose the diagnosis. However, the existence of this phenomenon, as well as its frequency and interpretation, is still controversial: were they misdiagnosed initially, is this a rare event, did ...
Butler John E JE Department of Microbiology, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52240, USA. - - 2013
Infection of germ-free isolator piglets with swine influenza (S-FLU) that generates dsRNA during replication causes elevation of immunoglobulins in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage, a very weak response to trinitrophenyl conjugates but an immune response to S-FLU. The increased immunoglobulin levels result mainly from the polyclonal activation of B cells during ...
Anderson Clive C Comprehensive Health Centre/Epidemiology Research and Training Unit, Jamaica Ministry of Health, Kingston, - - 2013
The effectiveness of counseling messages to avoid unprotected sex during short-term treatment for curable sexually transmitted infections is unknown. We randomized 300 female STI clinic patients 18 years or older with cervicitis and/or vaginal discharge in Kingston, Jamaica, in 2010 to 2011, to 1 of 2 counseling messages for their ...
Sayal Kapil K Section of Developmental Psychiatry, University of Nottingham, E Floor, South Block, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK. - - 2013
To investigate whether light drinking in pregnancy is associated with adverse child mental health and academic outcomes. Using data from the prospective, population-based Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we investigated the associations between light drinking in pregnancy (<1 glass per week in the first trimester) and child ...
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