Search Results
 Results 551 - 600 of 2385 < 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 > 551 Hasegawa Kohei - - 2013 It is unclear whether advanced airway management such as endotracheal intubation or use of supraglottic airway devices in the prehospital setting improves outcomes following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) compared with conventional bag-valve-mask ventilation. To test the hypothesis that prehospital advanced airway management is associated with favorable outcome after adult OHCA. ... 552 Reignier Jean - - 2013 Monitoring of residual gastric volume is recommended to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients receiving early enteral nutrition. However, studies have challenged the reliability and effectiveness of this measure. To test the hypothesis that the risk of VAP is not increased when residual gastric volume is not monitored compared with ... 553 Yamada Akiko - - 2013 IL-1 plays key roles in the biological functions of various cells. In particular, many roles of IL-1 in the immune system have been discovered by numerous studies. This review focuses on the association of IL-1 with the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. An overview of the biological functions of the IL-1 family ... 554 Sahin Ismail - - 2013 There is little consensus regarding the indications, ideal incision, or reconstruction method for prophylactic mastectomy. In addition, the biggest limitation in studies that assess either patient satisfaction or operation results is the lack of group homogeneity. In our center, 21 bilateral prophylactic mastectomies, due to breasts at high risk for ... 555 Reid Rachel O - - 2013 The US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services publishes star ratings reflecting Medicare Advantage plan quality to inform enrollment decisions. To assess the association between publicly reported Medicare Advantage plan quality ratings and enrollment. Cross-sectional study of 2011 Medicare Advantage enrollments among 952,352 first-time enrollees and 322,699 enrollees switching plans. ... 556 Luan Ji - - 2013 Thirteen rice CMS lines derived from different cytoplasms were classified into eight groups by PCR amplification on mtDNA. The orf79 gene, which causes Boro II CMS, possibly results in Dian1-CMS. Thirteen rice cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) lines derived from different cytoplasms are widely used for hybrid rice breeding. Based on ... 557 Schipper Robert-Jan - - 2013 To analyse bilateral differences in the cross-sectional area of the internal mammary artery (IMA) and vein (IMV) in breast cancer patients compared to healthy controls. On 135 breast MRIs the cross-sectional areas of the IMA and IMV were measured on the left and right side in the second and third ... 558 Schlösser Magnus - - 2013 Highly accurate, in-line and real-time composition measurements of gases are mandatory in many processing applications. The quantitative analysis of mixtures of hydrogen isotopologues ($\rm{H_2}$, $\rm{D_2}$, $\rm{T_2}$, $\rm{HD}$, $\rm{HT}$ and $\rm{DT}$) is of high importance in such fields as DT fusion, neutrino mass measurements using tritium $\beta$-decay or photonuclear experiments where ... 559 Connolly Roisin - - 2013 Retinoids and their naturally metabolized and synthetic products (e.g. all-trans retinoic acid, 13-cis retinoic acid, bexarotene) induce differentiation in various cell types. Retinoids exert their actions mainly through binding to the nuclear retinoic acid receptors (α, β, γ), which are transcriptional and homeostatic regulators whose functions are often compromised early ... 560 Choi N K - - 2013 Background and study aims: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) bowel preparations are regarded as effective and safe for colonoscopy; however, recent reports have indicated a risk of acute renal failure (ARF). This population-based case-crossover study evaluated the association between PEG and ARF in screening colonoscopy patients aged ≥ 50 years.Patients and methods: Korean ... 561 Kauppinen Ari - - 2013 Until recently, the freeze-drying process and formulation development have suffered from a lack of micro-scale analytical tools. Using such an analytical should decrease the required sample volume and also shorten the duration of the experiment compared to a laboratory scale setup. This study evaluated the applicability of Raman spectroscopy for ... 562 Hlubocky Fay J - - 2013 ABSTRACT Despite the recent advances in cancer therapeutics for Lymphoma (Lym), a continuum of disease, treatment, and psychological challenges remain for the clinical management of the Lym patient adversely impacting health-related quality of life. In response, this study presents the development and validation of the NCCN-FACT Lymphoma Symptom Index-18 (FLymSI-18). ... 563 Lee Kevin Y - - 2013 Conditional gene targeting has been extensively used for in vivo analysis of gene function in adipocyte cell biology but often with debate over the tissue specificity and the efficacy of inactivation. To directly compare the specificity and efficacy of different Cre lines in mediating adipocyte specific recombination, transgenic Cre lines ... 564 Gallagher Catherine - - 2013 Recent studies suggest that white matter abnormalities contribute to both motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease. The present study was designed to investigate the degree to which diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) indices are related to executive function in Parkinson's patients. We used tract-based spatial statistics to compare ... 565 Alvarado Anthony S - - 2013 We report 3 cases of Clostridium difficile-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) with biopsy proven renal thrombotic microangiopathy. Two patients with acute renal failure were kidney transplants recipients whereas the third patient developed renal failure in the native kidneys. The presentation was preceded by acute diarrhea and stool. Clostridium difficile toxin ... 566 Lee Li-Hui - - 2013 Personal Health Record systems (PHRs) provide opportunities for patients to access their own PHR. However, PHRs are teeming with medical terminologies, such as disease and symptom names, etc. Patients need readily understandable and useful health knowledge in addition to their records in order to enhance their self-care ability. This study ... 567 Szmigielski Stanislaw - - 2013 For years, radiofrequency (RF) and microwave (MW) radiations have been applied in the modern world. The rapidly increasing use of cellular phones called recent attention to the possible health risks of RF/MW exposures. In 2011, a group of international experts organized by IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer in ... 568 Tvarijonaviciute A - - 2013 The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare different sample treatments and storage conditions in order to determine optimal conditions for total and acylated canine ghrelin measurement using ELISA assays. Under the conditions assessed in this study, total ghrelin concentration was stable when stored at room temperature or ... 569 Hruby Gregory William - - 2013 This paper describes our considerations and methods for implementing an open-source centralized research data repository (CRDR) and reports its impact on retrospective outcomes research capacity in the urology department at Columbia University. We performed retrospective pretest and post-test analyses of user acceptance, workflow efficiency, and publication quantity and quality (measured ... 570 Liu Chun-Ming - - 2013 In recent years, peptide hormones have been recognized as important signal molecules in plants. Genetic characterization of such peptides is challenging since they are usually encoded by small genes. As a proof of concept, we used the well-characterized stem cell-restricting CLV3 to develop an antagonistic peptide technology by transformations of ... 571 Kikuchi Azusa - - 2013 The excited states of UV-B absorber, 4-methylbenzylidenecamphor (MBC) have been studied through measurements of UV absorption, phosphorescence, triplet-triplet (T-T) absorption, and steady-state and time-resolved electron paramagnetic resonance spectra in ethanol. The energy level and lifetime of the lowest excited triplet (T1) state of MBC were determined. The energy level of ... 572 James Matthew T - - 2013 BACKGROUND: CONTRAST-INDUCED ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY (CI-AKI) HAS BEEN ASSOCIATED WITH MORTALITY, ALTHOUGH IT HAS BEEN SUGGESTED THIS ASSOCIATION MAY BE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CONFOUNDING. WE PERFORMED A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS TO CHARACTERIZE THE ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN CI-AKI AND SUBSEQUENT CLINICAL OUTCOMES.METHODS AND RESULTS: WE IDENTIFIED STUDIES USING MEDLINE (1950 TO JUNE ... 573 Wang Youbin - - 2013 Objective :  Minor cleft lip deformities are also called lesser-form cleft lips. A furrowed philtral column is one of the important characters of these deformities. Many surgical methods have been adopted to correct it with less than satisfactory results. In this article, a dermis reconstructive method was introduced. Patients :  ... 574 Sivanandan Sindhu - - 2013 Objective To compare the incidence of medical closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and adverse events (acute renal dysfunction, necrotizing enterocolitis, spontaneous intestinal perforation, and gastrointestinal bleeding) between preterm infants who received indomethacin and ibuprofen for the treatment of PDA.Study Design A retrospective comparative effectiveness evaluation study was conducted on preterm infants ... 575 Romero Isabella S - - 2013 To produce conductive, biocompatible, and mechanically robust materials for use in bioelectrical applications, we have developed a new strategy to selectively incorporate poly(pyrrole) (Ppy) into constructs made from silk fibroin. Here, we demonstrate that covalent attachment of negatively charged, hydrophilic sulfonic acid groups to the silk protein can selectively promote ... 576 Harris R Alan - - 2013 Metastable epialleles (MEs) are mammalian genomic loci where epigenetic patterning occurs before gastrulation in a stochastic fashion leading to systematic interindividual variation within one species. Importantly, periconceptual nutritional influences may modulate the establishment of epigenetic changes, such as DNA methylation at MEs. Based on these characteristics, we exploited Infinium HumanMethylation450 ... 577 Gagnon Kevin J - - 2013 The structural change and resilience of a single crystal of a metal-organic framework (MOF), Zn(HO3PC4H8PO3H) •2H2O (ZAG-4), was investigated under high pressures (0 - 9.9 GPa) using in situ single crystal X-ray diffraction. Although the unit cell volume decreases over 27%, the quality of the single crystal is retained and ... 578 Huynh Alexis K - - 2013 Abstract Optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is essential for reducing mortality and morbidity in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), as well as for reducing the risk of further HIV transmission. While studies have identified psychosocial factors such as lack of social support and poor mental health status as important ... 579 Chisada Shin-Ichi - - 2013 Vibrios, distributed in marine and brackish environments, can cause vibriosis in fish and shellfish under appropriate conditions. Previously, we clarified by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) overlay assay that (35) S-labeled Vibrio trachuri adhered to GM4 isolated from red sea bream intestine (Chisada et al. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 333, 367-373, 2005). ... 580 Thai Julie N - - 2013 To explore clinician choice of whether to discuss prognosis with their frail older patients. Qualitative interview study. Primary care clinicians were recruited from nursing homes, community-based clinics, and academic medical centers. Three geriatric nurse practitioners, nine geriatricians, five general internists, and three family medicine physicians with a mean age of ... 581 Han Na-Young - - 2013 OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a disease showing relapsing and remitting inflammatory courses of the colon and small intestine, mostly Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Biomarkers discriminating UC and CD, especially in cases with indeterminate type, and reflecting disease activities are still lacking, but advanced technology of ... 582 Lei Yu - - 2013 The NLR (nucleotide-binding domain leucine-rich repeat containing) proteins serve as regulators of inflammatory signaling pathways. NLRX1, a mitochondria-localized NLR protein, has been previously shown to negatively regulate inflammatory cytokine production activated via the MAVS-DDX58 (RIG-I) pathway. The literature also indicates that DDX58 has a negative impact upon autophagy. Consistent with ... 583 Jahn Stephan - - 2013 The cell contains many mechanisms for protecting the integrity of its genome. These mechanisms are often weakened or absent in many cancers, leading to high rates of chromosomal instability in tumors. Control of the cell cycle is crucial for the function of these checkpoints, and is frequently lost in cancers ... 584 Yamada T - - 2013 Background and study aims: Acute colorectal obstruction (ACO) often accompanies colorectal cancer (CRC) and requires urgent treatment, but achieving elective laparoscopy-assisted colectomy (LAC) is difficult in this setting. The aim of the current study was to assess the clinical outcomes of a transanal tube (Dennis colorectal tube [DCT]) for CRC ... 585 Gleeson Michael - - 2013 BACKGROUND: Falls are an increasingly important and costly public health problem. Vision is key to postural stability as we age and this puts adults with visual impairments at greater risk of falls. Physical interventions improve balance in the general population and in older adults with visual impairments in residential care. ... 586 Azagba Sunday - - 2013 INTRODUCTION: Smoking susceptibility in early adolescence is strongly predictive of subsequent smoking behavior in youth. As such, smoking susceptibility represents a key modifiable factor in reducing the onset of smoking in young people. A growing literature has documented a number of factors that influence susceptibility to smoking; however, there is ... 587 Lenoir Magalie - - 2013 Epidemiological research shows that the proportion of drug users who become addicted to heroin is higher than to cocaine. Here we tested whether this difference could be due to a difference in the addiction liability between the two drugs. Addiction liability was assessed under a discrete-trials choice procedure by measuring ... 588 Henning Justin R - - 2013 Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the most common etiology of chronic liver dysfunction in the United States and can progress to cirrhosis and liver failure. Inflammatory insult resulting from fatty infiltration of the liver is central to disease pathogenesis. Dendritic cells (DC) are antigen presenting cells with an emerging role in ... 589 Huang Hao - - 2013 Multiple antibiotic resistance regulator (MarR) family transcriptional regulators usually regulate gene activity by responding to specific ligands. Here we show that TamR (trans-aconitate methyltransferase regulator), a MarR homolog from Streptomyces coelicolor, functions in oxidative stress responses to regulate a key step in central metabolism. The gene encoding TamR is oriented ... 590 Cammaerts Marie-Claire - - 2013 We used the ant species Myrmica sabuleti as a model to study the impact of electromagnetic waves on social insects' response to their pheromones and their food collection. We quantified M. sabuleti workers' response to their trail, area marking and alarm pheromone under normal conditions. Then, we quantified the same ... 591 Rager Julia E - - 2013 BACKGROUND: Formaldehyde is an air pollutant present in both indoor and outdoor atmospheres. Because of its ubiquitous nature, it is imperative to understand the mechanisms underlying formaldehyde-induced toxicity and carcinogenicity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can influence disease caused by environmental exposures, yet miRNAs are understudied in relation to formaldehyde. Our previous investigation ... 592 Lugo-Villarino Geanncarlo - - 2013 Monocytes are blood leukocytes that can differentiate into several phagocytic cell types, including dendritic cells (DCs), which are instrumental to the inflammatory response and host defence against microbes. A study published in this issue of the European Journal of Immunology by Balboa et al. [Eur. J. Immunol. 2013. 43: XXXX-XXXX.] ... 593 Dong Wei - - 2013 The 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid reductases (OPRs) are classified into the two subgroups OPRI and II. The latter proteins participate in jasmonic acid synthesis, while the function of the former ones is as yet unclear. We describe here the characterization the OPRI gene TaOPR1, isolated from the salinity tolerant bread wheat (Triticum ... 594 Osborne Robert L - - 2013 The enzyme, tyramine β-monoxygenase (TβM), belongs to a small eukaryotic family of physiologically important mononuclear dicopper monooxygenases. The properties of this family include non-coupled mononuclear copper centers ca. 11 Å apart, with the Cu(M) performing C-H and O(2) activation and Cu(H) functioning as an electron storage site [Klinman, J.P. (2006) ... 595 Leone Antonio Maria - - 2013 BACKGROUND: FRACTIONAL FLOW RESERVE (FFR) SPECIFICALLY RELATES TO THE SEVERITY OF A STENOSIS TO THE MASS OF TISSUE TO BE PERFUSED. ACCORDINGLY, THE LARGER THE TERRITORY TO BE PERFUSED, THE GREATER THE FLOW AND THE PRESSURE GRADIENT INDUCED BY MAXIMAL HYPEREMIA. ALTHOUGH THIS NOTION MAY BE CONSIDERED INTUITIVE, ITS UNEQUIVOCAL ... 596 Bilandzic Maree - - 2013 The molecular pathways controlling granulosa cell tumor (GCT) survival are poorly understood. In many cell types, nuclear factor-κB (NFκB) and TGFβ coordinately regulate cell survival to maintain tissue homeostasis. Because GCT cell lines exhibit constitutively activated NFκB, we hypothesized that NFκB blocks TGFβ-mediated cell death in GCT cells. To test ... 597 Calantog Alden - - 2013 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Oral mucositis (OM) is a common and severe complication of many cancer therapies. Currently, prediction and early detection are not possible and objective monitoring remains problematic. Goal of this prospective study is to assess non-invasive imaging using optical coherence tomography (OCT) for early detection and evaluation of ... 598 Patel Hasmukh A - - 2013 Post-combustion CO(2) capture and air separation are integral parts of the energy industry, although the available technologies remain inefficient, resulting in costly energy penalties. Here we report azo-bridged, nitrogen-rich, aromatic, water stable, nanoporous covalent organic polymers, which can be synthesized by catalyst-free direct coupling of aromatic nitro and amine moieties ... 599 Li Z - - 2013 AIMS: Consumption of a high-fat diet has been demonstrated to promote endothelial dysfunction, possibly through an increase in lipid peroxidation and decrease in serum nitric oxide. The present study was designed to investigate whether consumption of a hamburger patty cooked with a polyphenol-rich spice mixture will reduce postprandial lipid oxidation ... 600 Iskandar Aline - - 2013 BACKGROUND: The aorta is exposed to hemodynamic stress during exercise, but whether or not the aorta is larger in athletes is not clear. We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to examine if athletes demonstrate increased aortic root dimensions when compared to non-athlete controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched ... < 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >