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Results 501 - 550 of 2384
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Vercammen Yannick - - 2013
Molecular depth profiling is needed to develop high-tech materials optimised to the μm or even up to the nm scale. Recent progress in time-of-flight static secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-S-SIMS) offers perspectives to molecular depth profiling. However, at this moment, the methodology is not yet capable to deal with a ...
Mayama Chihiro - - 2013
An association between glaucoma development or progression and compromised ocular blood flow has been postulated as a result of population-based studies and prospective cohort studies. Blood flow in the optic nerve head (ONH) is of primary importance in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. The potential to modify the blood flow in ...
Iacovou Emily - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare the hearing results and graft integration rates in patients undergoing myringoplasty for the reconstruction of the tympanic membrane, with the use of either cartilage or temporalis muscle fascia (TMF). A systematic literature review in Medline and other database sources up to February ...
Harrold K - - 2013
This report presents the results from a historical case series of cytotoxic drug extravasations managed by saline washout; its purpose is to assess the efficacy of the procedure based on patient outcome. Eighty-nine patients were identified as having experienced a vesicant or exfoliant extravasation from incident reports filed over a ...
Hiasa Miki - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oseltamivir is the most widely prescribed anti-influenza medication. However, in rare instances, it has been reported to stimulate behavioural activities in adolescents. The goal of this study was to determine the molecular mechanism responsible for these behavioural activities. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We performed an in vitro assay of ...
Ho Chang Y - - 2013
This study aims to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a single vendor commercially available CT perfusion (CTP) software in predicting stroke. A retrospective analysis on patients presenting with stroke-like symptoms within 6 h with CTP and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was performed. Lesion maps, which overlays areas of computer-detected abnormally elevated mean ...
Nakatsuka Tomoya - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify brain atrophy specific for dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and to evaluate the discriminatory performance of this specific atrophy between DLB and Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 60 DLB and 30 AD patients who had undergone 3D T1-weighted MRI. ...
Goldsmith Lesley - - 2013
Since the 1990s, there has been a rapid expansion in the number and type of genetic tests available via health professionals; the last 10 years, however, have seen certain types of genetic and genomic tests available direct-to-consumer. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the topic of direct-to-consumer genetic ...
Bannik Kristina - - 2013
In this pilot study we compared for the first time the radiation sensitivity of mouse lens epithelial cells (LECs) and mouse lymphocytes. We freshly prepared LECs and lymphocytes and irradiated them with γ-rays ((137)Cs; doses ranging from 0.25 to 2 Gy). DNA damage and repair were evaluated by alkaline comet assay ...
Lotinun Sutada - - 2013
Cathepsin K (CTSK) is secreted by osteoclasts to degrade collagen and other matrix proteins during bone resorption. Global deletion of Ctsk in mice decreases bone resorption, leading to osteopetrosis, but also increases the bone formation rate (BFR). To understand how Ctsk deletion increases the BFR, we generated osteoclast- and osteoblast-targeted ...
Xu Xiaojie - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be dysregulated in virus-related cancers; however, miRNA regulation of virus-related cancer development and progression remains poorly understood. Here, we report that miR-148a is repressed by hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) to promote cancer growth and metastasis in a mouse model of hepatocellular ...
Klatt Nichole R - - 2013
HIV infection results in gastrointestinal (GI) tract damage, microbial translocation, and immune activation, which are not completely ameliorated with suppression of viremia by antiretroviral (ARV) therapy. Furthermore, increased morbidity and mortality of ARV-treated HIV-infected individuals is associated with these dysfunctions. Thus, to enhance GI tract physiology, we treated SIV-infected pigtail ...
Herrmann Abigail G - - 2013
Impaired energy metabolism in neurons is integral to a range of neurodegenerative diseases, from Alzheimer's disease to stroke. To investigate the complex molecular changes underpinning cellular adaptation to metabolic stress, we have defined the proteomic response of the SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line after exposure to a metabolic challenge of ...
Cai Junchao - - 2013
Tumor metastasis involves a series of biological steps during which the tumor cells acquire the ability to invade surrounding tissues and survive outside the original tumor site. During the early stages, the cancer cells undergo an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Wnt/β-catenin signaling is known to drive EMT and metastasis. Here we ...
Kikuta Junichi - - 2013
Osteoclasts are bone resorbing, multinucleate cells that differentiate from mononuclear macrophage/monocyte-lineage hematopoietic precursor cells. Although previous studies have revealed important molecular signals, how the bone resorptive functions of such cells are controlled in vivo remains less well characterized. Here, we visualized fluorescently labeled mature osteoclasts in intact mouse bone tissues ...
Li Shaohua - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic features of unintentional injuries among children in rural China are unknown. METHODS: Using a stratified sampling method, we conducted a retrospective study of injury reports over a year-long period. Structured oral questionnaires were administered to parents of 2551 children ages 0 to 14. RESULTS: The annual incidence of ...
Grünwald Stefanie - - 2013
Diet is generally believed to affect the aging process. The effects of complex foods on life span can be investigated using simple models that produce rapid results and allow the identification of food-gene interactions. Here, we show that 1 % lyophilized broccoli, added to flour as a dietary source, significantly increases ...
Thiem Stefan - - 2013
Gastrointestinal cancers are frequently associated with chronic inflammation and excessive secretion of IL-6 family cytokines, which promote tumorigenesis through persistent activation of the GP130/JAK/STAT3 pathway. Although tumor progression can be prevented by genetic ablation of Stat3 in mice, this transcription factor remains a challenging therapeutic target with a paucity of ...
Vinella Daniel - - 2013
The multi-proteins Isc and Suf systems catalyse the biogenesis of [Fe-S] proteins. Here we investigate how NsrR and IscR, transcriptional regulators that sense NO and [Fe-S] homeostasis, acquire their [Fe-S] clusters under both normal and iron limitation conditions. Clusters directed at the apo-NsrR and apo-IscR proteins are built on either ...
Pal Tuya - - 2013
Young Black women are disproportionately afflicted with breast cancer, a proportion of which may be due to BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA) gene mutations. In a sample of Black women with early onset breast cancer, we evaluated BRCA mutations and explored personal and system-level clinical characteristics. Black women diagnosed with invasive ...
Hasegawa Kohei - - 2013
It is unclear whether advanced airway management such as endotracheal intubation or use of supraglottic airway devices in the prehospital setting improves outcomes following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) compared with conventional bag-valve-mask ventilation. To test the hypothesis that prehospital advanced airway management is associated with favorable outcome after adult OHCA. ...
Reignier Jean - - 2013
Monitoring of residual gastric volume is recommended to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients receiving early enteral nutrition. However, studies have challenged the reliability and effectiveness of this measure. To test the hypothesis that the risk of VAP is not increased when residual gastric volume is not monitored compared with ...
Yamada Akiko - - 2013
IL-1 plays key roles in the biological functions of various cells. In particular, many roles of IL-1 in the immune system have been discovered by numerous studies. This review focuses on the association of IL-1 with the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. An overview of the biological functions of the IL-1 family ...
Sahin Ismail - - 2013
There is little consensus regarding the indications, ideal incision, or reconstruction method for prophylactic mastectomy. In addition, the biggest limitation in studies that assess either patient satisfaction or operation results is the lack of group homogeneity. In our center, 21 bilateral prophylactic mastectomies, due to breasts at high risk for ...
Reid Rachel O - - 2013
The US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services publishes star ratings reflecting Medicare Advantage plan quality to inform enrollment decisions. To assess the association between publicly reported Medicare Advantage plan quality ratings and enrollment. Cross-sectional study of 2011 Medicare Advantage enrollments among 952,352 first-time enrollees and 322,699 enrollees switching plans. ...
Luan Ji - - 2013
Thirteen rice CMS lines derived from different cytoplasms were classified into eight groups by PCR amplification on mtDNA. The orf79 gene, which causes Boro II CMS, possibly results in Dian1-CMS. Thirteen rice cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) lines derived from different cytoplasms are widely used for hybrid rice breeding. Based on ...
Schipper Robert-Jan - - 2013
To analyse bilateral differences in the cross-sectional area of the internal mammary artery (IMA) and vein (IMV) in breast cancer patients compared to healthy controls. On 135 breast MRIs the cross-sectional areas of the IMA and IMV were measured on the left and right side in the second and third ...
Zhu Zhichuan Z School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237, People's Republic of - - 2013
The zinc finger transcription factor ZFX functions as an important regulator of self-renewal in multiple stem cell types, as well as a sex determinant of mammals. Moreover, ZFX expression is abnormally elevated in several cancers, and correlates with malignancy grade. To investigate its role in the pathogenesis of gliomas, we ...
Urbin M A MA Department of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, 36849-5323, USA. - - 2013
This investigation examined whether visual feedback is used to make online adjustments during overarm throwing performance. Eight healthy, college-aged males able to throw in excess of 31.3 m/s with previous baseball pitching experience participated. Subjects performed maximal-effort overarm throws under a pretest condition and three test conditions. Under the randomly presented ...
Daphu Inderjit I NorLux Neuro-Oncology Laboratory, Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Jonas Lies vei 91, 5019, Bergen, - - 2013
Brain metastasis is associated with a particular poor prognosis. Novel insight into the brain metastatic process is therefore warranted. Several preclinical models of brain tumor metastasis have been developed during the last 60 years, and they have in part revealed some of the mechanisms underlying the metastatic process. This review ...
Hensen Sanne M M SM Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The - - 2013
To assess the consequences of inactivation of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) during aging, we analyzed the effect of HSF1 K80Q, a mutant unable to bind DNA, and of dnHSF1, a mutant lacking the activation domain, on the transcriptome of cells 6 and 24 h after heat shock. The primary response ...
Wolff Martin J MJ Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, - - 2013
A 38-year-old man with a history of HIV infection virologically suppressed on antiretroviral therapy presents to his gastroenterologist for evaluation of iron deficiency anemia and weight loss. A diagnostic colonoscopy demonstrates a two-centimeter ulcerated mass in the cecum. Biopsies of the lesion return moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma that is wild type ...
Jenei Zsigmond M ZM 3rd Department of Internal Medicine, Semmelweis University Budapest, Budapest, Hungary. - - 2013
Predicting the prognosis of comatose, post-cardiac-arrest patients is a complex problem in clinical practice. There are several established methods to foretell neurological outcome; however, further prognostic markers are needed. HSP70 (HSPA1A), which increases rapidly in response to severe stress (among others after ischemic or hypoxic events), is a biomarker of ...
Chambat Pierre P Centre Orthopédique Santy, Unité Genou - 1er Etage, 24 Avenue Paul Santy, 69008, Lyon, France. - - 2013
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has evolved considerably over the past 30 years. This has largely been due to a better understanding of ACL anatomy and in particular a precise description of the femoral and tibial insertions of its two bundles. In the 1980s, the gold standard was anteromedial bundle ...
Toft Andrew A Spinal Cord Group, Institute of Neuroscience & Psychology, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, United - - 2013
Cell transplantation is one strategy for encouraging regeneration after spinal cord injury and a range of cell types have been investigated for their repair potential. However, variations in study design complicate determination of which cells are most effective. In this study we have carried out a direct comparison of the ...
Zhang Rui R Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Texas at Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2013
Pediatric patients who received radiation therapy are at risk of developing side effects such as radiogenic second cancer. We compared proton and photon therapies in terms of the predicted risk of second cancers for a 4 year old medulloblastoma patient receiving craniospinal irradiation (CSI). Two CSI treatment plans with 23.4 ...
Collins C B - - 2013
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory condition thought to reflect a failure of the enteral immune system to adequately regulate itself. Inflammatory stress drives upregulation of heat-shock proteins (HSPs), including the pro-inflammatory chaperone, HSP90. This protein sequesters the transcription factor, heat-shock factor 1 (HSF1) in the cytoplasm preventing ...
Kumar S - - 2013
In the generation of a traditional immune response against invading pathogens, innate cells guide T cells by programming their differentiation. However, here we demonstrate that αβ T cells have an essential role in priming innate immunity in the lung after Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin A (SEA) inhalation. We found that SEA ...
Biberthaler Peter P Department of Trauma Surgery, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Ismaningerstrasse 22, 81675, Muenchen, - - 2013
Patients suffering from isolated subacromial impingement (SI) of their shoulder but who are resistant to other therapies benefit substantially from arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) if they are young (<60 years). Although physical demands rise notably in the older population, it still remains unclear if surgery leads to better results in ...
Vochteloo Anne J H AJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands. - - 2013
This paper reports the external validation of a recently developed instrument, the Discharge of Hip fracture Patients score (DHP) that predicts discharge location on admission in patients living in their own home prior to hip fracture surgery. The DHP (maximum score 100 points) was applied to 125 hip fracture patients ...
Chen Huadong H Center for Excellence in Post-Harvest Technologies, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC, - - 2013
Shogaols, a series of major constituents in dried ginger with the most abundant being [6]-, [8]-, and [10]-shogaols, show much higher anticancer potencies than gingerols. Previously, we reported the mercapturic acid pathway as a major metabolic route for [6]-shogaol in mice. However, it is still unclear how the side chain ...
Said Neveen N Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, - - 2013
Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) has been implicated in multiple aspects of human cancer. However, its role in bladder carcinogenesis and metastasis are unclear,with some studies suggesting it may be a promoter and others arguing the opposite. Using a chemical carcinogenesis model in Sparc-deficient mice and their ...
Zheng Wei W Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, San Antonio, TX, - - 2013
Glia-based neuroprotection strategies are emerging as promising new avenues to treat brain damage. We previously reported that activation of the glial-specific purinergic receptor, P2Y(1)R, reduces both astrocyte swelling and brain infarcts in a photothrombotic mouse model of stroke. These restorative effects were dependent on astrocyte mitochondrial metabolism. Here, we extend ...
Singh Indrapal N IN Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center (SCoBIRC), Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, KY, - - 2013
Phenelzine (PZ) is a scavenger of the lipid peroxidation (LP)-derived reactive aldehyde 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) due to its hydrazine functional group, which can covalently react with 4-HNE. In this study, we first examined the ability of PZ to prevent the respiratory depressant effects of 4-HNE on normal isolated brain cortical mitochondria. ...
Singh Tarkeshwar T Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA. - - 2013
We investigated the effects of exercise-induced fatigue of a digit on the biomechanics of a static prehension task. The participants were divided into two groups. One group performed the fatiguing exercise using the thumb (group-thumb) and the second group performed the exercise using the index finger (group-index). We analyzed the ...
Pavilonis Brian T BT Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to characterize rural populations' indoor and outdoor exposure to particulate matter (PM)(10), PM(2.5), and endotoxin and identify factors that influence these concentrations. Samples were collected at 197 rural households over five continuous days between 2007 and 2011. Geometric mean (GM) indoor PM(10) (21.2 μg/m(3)) ...
Cipolla Marilyn J MJ Departments of Neurological Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Pharmacology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT, USA. - - 2013
The adaptation of the cerebral circulation to pregnancy is unique from other vascular beds. Most notably, the growth and vasodilatory response to high levels of circulating growth factors and cytokines that promote substantial hemodynamic changes in other vascular beds is limited in the cerebral circulation. This is accomplished through several ...
Tzatsos Alexandros A Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2013
Epigenetic mechanisms mediate heritable control of cell identity in normal cells and cancer. We sought to identify epigenetic regulators driving the pathogenesis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), one of the most lethal human cancers. We found that KDM2B (also known as Ndy1, FBXL10, and JHDM1B), an H3K36 histone demethylase implicated ...
Chen Huadong H Center for Excellence in Post-Harvest Technologies, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, North Carolina Research Campus, Kannapolis, NC, - - 2013
There are limited data on the metabolism of [6]-shogaol (6S), a major bioactive component of ginger. This study demonstrates metabolism of 6S in liver microsomes from mouse, rat, dog, monkey, and human. The in vitro metabolism of 6S was compared among five species using liver microsomes from mouse, rat, dog, ...
King J J Division of Plant and Crop Sciences, School of Biosciences, The University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK. - - 2013
In many cultivated crop species there is limited genetic variation available for the development of new higher yielding varieties adapted to climate change and sustainable farming practises. The distant relatives of crop species provide a vast and largely untapped reservoir of genetic variation for a wide range of agronomically important ...
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