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 Results 501 - 550 of 2386 < 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 > 501 Tobin Stephanie - - 2013 The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) plays a critical role in both priming-and cue-induced reinstatement of extinguished drug-seeking behavior, but its role in stress-induced reinstatement is less clear. Our laboratory has recently demonstrated that systemic administration of the DA D1-like receptor antagonist, SCH 23390, attenuates acute food deprivation (FD) stress-induced reinstatement. The ... 502 Huang Yao-Zhen - - 2013 Background/Aims: To investigate the meta-analysis of the effect between radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryosurgery ablation (CSA) in treating unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methodology: Systematic literature search of relevant clinical studies was carried out in Pubmed, Embase, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library Central databases and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. ... 503 Bajaj Kiran - - 2013 N(α) -Boc-N(im) -(4-toluenesulfonyl-l-histidylbenzotriazole) enables convenient acylation of N-, O-, S-, and C-nucleophiles with no detectable racemization. We report efficient syntheses of novel histidine-containing di-, tri-, and tetra-peptides and models for the preparation of potentially biologically active histidine N-, O-, S-, and C-conjugates. Copyright © 2013 European Peptide Society and John ... 504 Pruett Brandon S - - 2013 Delivery of exogenous glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) increases locomotor activity in rodent models of aging and Parkinson's disease in conjunction with increased dopamine (DA) tissue content in substantia nigra (SN). Striatal GDNF infusion also increases expression of GDNF's cognate receptor, GFRα1, and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) ser31 phosphorylation in ... 505 Uzunoglu Sernaz - - 2013 The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of CA-125 area under the curve (CA-125 AUC) as a prognostic factor following surgical treatment for ovarian cancer patients. A retrospective analysis was conducted on ninety-five patients with ovarian cancer who had primary treatment in a tertiary center between 2000 ... 506 Hasnain M Saquib - - 2013 For the determination of lenalidomide using carbamazepine as an internal standard, an ultra-fast stability indicating LC-MS/MS method was developed, validated and optimized to support clinical advancement. The samples were prepared by solid-phase extraction. The calibration range was 2-1000 ng mL(-1), for which a quadratic regression (1/x(2)) was best fitted. The ... 507 Kirkbride James M R - - 2013 A high power continuous wave quantum cascade laser operating around 1900 cm(-1) has been used to conduct Lamb dip spectroscopy on a low pressure sample of NO. The widths of the Lamb dips indicate that the laser linewidth is 800 ± 60 kHz and the power sufficient to induce significant ... 508 Morfaw Frederick - - 2013 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Many reports point to the beneficial effect of male partner involvement in programs for the prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in curbing pediatric HIV infections. This paper summarizes the barriers and facilitators of male involvement in prevention programs of mother-to-child-transmission of HIV. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, ... 509 Nyland J - - 2013 PURPOSE: This retrospective study compared the influence of perceived sports involvement on lower extremity neuromuscular adaptations during single-leg countermovement jumping (CMJ), perceived knee function and internal health locus of control (HLOC) scores at a minimum 2-year post-anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The hypothesis was that subjects with higher-level sports involvement would ... 510 Chen Huadong - - 2013 SCOPE: Shogaols, a series of major constituents in dried ginger with the most abundant being [6]-, [8]-, and [10]-shogaols, show much higher anticancer potencies than gingerols. Previously, we reported the mercapturic acid pathway as a major metabolic route for [6]-shogaol in mice. However, it is still unclear how the side ... 511 Kosior Dominik - - 2013 We have investigated the influence of concentration of surfactants typically used as flotation frothers (α-terpineol and n-octanol) and roughness of the solid surface on phenomena occurring during rising bubble collisions with a model hydrophobic Teflon surface. The time of three-phase contact (TPC) formation (t(TPC)) and the time of drainage (t(D)) ... 512 Carpenter Shana K - - 2013 Many studies have shown that students learn better when they are given repeated exposures to different concepts in a way that is shuffled or interleaved, rather than blocked (e.g., Rohrer Educational Psychology Review, 24, 355-367, 2012). The present study explored the effects of interleaving versus blocking on learning French pronunciations. ... 513 Lee Seung Woo - - 2013 Background/Aims: There is increasing evidence that the PI3K/Akt signal pathway plays a crucial role in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. Akt protein modulates the function of numerous substrates related to the regulation of cell proliferation, such as cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors, including p27 and Cks1. The aim of this study was ... 514 Yang Xing-Lin - - 2013 Each phase of eukaryotic cell cycle is tightly controlled by multi-component regulatory networks based on complex relationships of protein phosphorylation. In order to better understand the relationships between kinases and their substrate proteins during the progress of cell cycle, we analyzed phosphoproteome of HeLa cells during G1, S and G2/M ... 515 Shin Taekyun - - 2013 Tissues within the central nervous system (CNS) have generally been regarded as immunologically privileged. However, in recent decades, it has been shown that immune reactions in the CNS continuously occur via various types of inflammation following autoimmune diseases and mechanical insults such as spinal cord injury (SCI). Among the various ... 516 Suzuki Chikako - - 2013 The aim of this was to determine whether the change of size observed at the first response evaluation after initiation of first-line combination chemotherapy correlates with overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). The change in size of tumors derived from measurements according to Response Evaluation Criteria ... 517 Johnson Russell J - - 2013 5,6,7,8-Tetrahydroquinolines and 5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthyridines with appended trifluoromethyl groups are valuable chemotypes in medicinal chemistry due to the presence of a partially-saturated bicyclic ring and metabolically-stable CF(3) group. (1)H NMR studies were used to optimize the preparation of such compounds, using a three-step/one-pot procedure, to provide novel 2,6-disubstitued derivatives with a tertiary-substituent. ... 518 Zhi Lihua - - 2013 Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (NPs) decorated with rhodamine 6G Schiff base, which exhibit high selectivity and sensitivity toward Al(3+) over other common metal ions in aqueous media under a physiological pH window via a 1 : 1 binding mode, have been synthesized and characterized. The resulting conjugate renders the rhodamine 6G Schiff base unit ... 519 Vallverdú-Queralt Anna - - 2013 A quantitative descriptive analysis was developed to characterize the sensory quality of a set of 12 organic and conventional tomato juices sold in Spanish and Italian markets. The volatile compounds of tomato juices were also studied. Twelve sensory descriptors, selected by a trained panel, evaluated the sensory proﬁle of the ... 520 Ho Chang Y - - 2013 This study aims to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a single vendor commercially available CT perfusion (CTP) software in predicting stroke. A retrospective analysis on patients presenting with stroke-like symptoms within 6 h with CTP and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was performed. Lesion maps, which overlays areas of computer-detected abnormally elevated mean ... 521 Fan Lu-Feng - - 2013 Background/Aims: This study aimed to identify the preoperative predictors of microvascular invasion (MVI) in solitary small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and evaluate their application in surgical treatment. Methodology: We retrospectively analyzed 161 patients with solitary small HCC who underwent curative hepatic resection. Overall and disease-free survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier ... 522 Liu Shufeng - - 2013 In this work, a very simple, label-free, isothermal and ultrasensitive electrochemical DNA biosensor has been developed based on an autocatalytic and exonuclease III (Exo III)-assisted target recycling amplification strategy. A duplex DNA probe constructed by the hybridization of a quadruplex-forming oligomer with a molecular beacon is ingeniously designed and assembled ... 523 Berkes Marschall B - - 2013 The treatment of proximal humerus fractures continues to evolve. While the many of these injuries can be managed nonoperatively, a certain percentage require operative treatment. Open reduction internal fixation can offer excellent outcomes when performed in the appropriate patient and utilizing proper techniques. This article reviews the most up-to-date literature ... 524 Winzer T - - 2013 The carrier dynamics in optically excited graphene is determined by an interplay between the Coulomb- and phonon-induced scattering processes. The pump fluence of the excitation pulse plays a crucial role: for high fluences the ultrafast relaxation dynamics is determined by carrier-carrier scattering, whereas for low fluences the carrier-phonon relaxation channels are ... 525 Xie Qi - - 2013 Patient can obtain sorts of health-care delivery services via Telecare Medical Information Systems (TMIS). Authentication, security, patient's privacy protection and data confidentiality are important for patient or doctor accessing to Electronic Medical Records (EMR). In 2012, Chen et al. showed that Khan et al.'s dynamic ID-based authentication scheme has some ... 526 Sirota Roman - - 2013 The antioxidant capability of coffee polyphenols to inhibit red-meat lipid peroxidation in stomach medium and absorption into blood of malondialdehyde (MDA) in humans was studied. Roasted-ground coffee polyphenols that were found to inhibit lipid peroxidation in stomach medium are 2- to 5-fold more efficient antioxidant than those found in instant ... 527 Mortazavi Vahid - - 2013 We use the Cellular Potts Model (CPM) to study the contact angle (CA) hysteresis in multiphase (solid-liquid-vapour) systems. We simulate a droplet over the tilted patterned surface, and a bubble placed under the surface immersed in liquid. The difference between bubbles and droplets was discussed through their CA hysteresis. Dependency ... 528 Porch Adrian - - 2013 In microwave chemistry there is a common misconception that small, highly conducting particles heat profusely when placed in a large microwave electric field. However, this is not the case; with the simple physical explanation that the electric field (which drives the heating) within a highly conducting particle is highly screened. ... 529 Vercammen Yannick - - 2013 Molecular depth profiling is needed to develop high-tech materials optimised to the μm or even up to the nm scale. Recent progress in time-of-flight static secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-S-SIMS) offers perspectives to molecular depth profiling. However, at this moment, the methodology is not yet capable to deal with a ... 530 Mayama Chihiro - - 2013 An association between glaucoma development or progression and compromised ocular blood flow has been postulated as a result of population-based studies and prospective cohort studies. Blood flow in the optic nerve head (ONH) is of primary importance in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. The potential to modify the blood flow in ... 531 Iacovou Emily - - 2013 The aim of this study was to compare the hearing results and graft integration rates in patients undergoing myringoplasty for the reconstruction of the tympanic membrane, with the use of either cartilage or temporalis muscle fascia (TMF). A systematic literature review in Medline and other database sources up to February ... 532 Harrold K - - 2013 This report presents the results from a historical case series of cytotoxic drug extravasations managed by saline washout; its purpose is to assess the efficacy of the procedure based on patient outcome. Eighty-nine patients were identified as having experienced a vesicant or exfoliant extravasation from incident reports filed over a ... 533 Pegueroles C - - 2013 Gene flow (defined as allele exchange between populations) and gene flux (defined as allele exchange during meiosis in heterokaryotypic females) are important factors decreasing genetic differentiation between populations and inversions. Many chromosomal inversions are under strong selection and their role in recombination reduction enhances the maintenance of their genetic distinctness. ... 534 Herrmann Abigail G - - 2013 Impaired energy metabolism in neurons is integral to a range of neurodegenerative diseases, from Alzheimer's disease to stroke. To investigate the complex molecular changes underpinning cellular adaptation to metabolic stress, we have defined the proteomic response of the SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line after exposure to a metabolic challenge of ... 535 Hiasa Miki - - 2013 BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oseltamivir is the most widely prescribed anti-influenza medication. However, in rare instances, it has been reported to stimulate behavioural activities in adolescents. The goal of this study was to determine the molecular mechanism responsible for these behavioural activities. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We performed an in vitro assay of ... 536 De Franco E - - 2013 AIMS: Recessive PDX1 (IPF1) mutations are a rare cause of pancreatic agenesis, with three cases reported worldwide. A recent report described two cousins with a homozygous hypomorphic PDX1 mutation causing permanent neonatal diabetes with subclinical exocrine insufficiency. The aim of our study was to investigate the possibility of hypomorphic PDX1 ... 537 Klatt Nichole R - - 2013 HIV infection results in gastrointestinal (GI) tract damage, microbial translocation, and immune activation, which are not completely ameliorated with suppression of viremia by antiretroviral (ARV) therapy. Furthermore, increased morbidity and mortality of ARV-treated HIV-infected individuals is associated with these dysfunctions. Thus, to enhance GI tract physiology, we treated SIV-infected pigtail ... 538 Lotinun Sutada - - 2013 Cathepsin K (CTSK) is secreted by osteoclasts to degrade collagen and other matrix proteins during bone resorption. Global deletion of Ctsk in mice decreases bone resorption, leading to osteopetrosis, but also increases the bone formation rate (BFR). To understand how Ctsk deletion increases the BFR, we generated osteoclast- and osteoblast-targeted ... 539 Cai Junchao - - 2013 Tumor metastasis involves a series of biological steps during which the tumor cells acquire the ability to invade surrounding tissues and survive outside the original tumor site. During the early stages, the cancer cells undergo an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Wnt/β-catenin signaling is known to drive EMT and metastasis. Here we ... 540 Kikuta Junichi - - 2013 Osteoclasts are bone resorbing, multinucleate cells that differentiate from mononuclear macrophage/monocyte-lineage hematopoietic precursor cells. Although previous studies have revealed important molecular signals, how the bone resorptive functions of such cells are controlled in vivo remains less well characterized. Here, we visualized fluorescently labeled mature osteoclasts in intact mouse bone tissues ... 541 Said Neveen - - 2013 Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) has been implicated in multiple aspects of human cancer. However, its role in bladder carcinogenesis and metastasis are unclear,with some studies suggesting it may be a promoter and others arguing the opposite. Using a chemical carcinogenesis model in Sparc-deficient mice and their ... 542 Thiem Stefan - - 2013 Gastrointestinal cancers are frequently associated with chronic inflammation and excessive secretion of IL-6 family cytokines, which promote tumorigenesis through persistent activation of the GP130/JAK/STAT3 pathway. Although tumor progression can be prevented by genetic ablation of Stat3 in mice, this transcription factor remains a challenging therapeutic target with a paucity of ... 543 Tzatsos Alexandros - - 2013 Epigenetic mechanisms mediate heritable control of cell identity in normal cells and cancer. We sought to identify epigenetic regulators driving the pathogenesis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), one of the most lethal human cancers. We found that KDM2B (also known as Ndy1, FBXL10, and JHDM1B), an H3K36 histone demethylase implicated ... 544 Xu Xiaojie - - 2013 MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be dysregulated in virus-related cancers; however, miRNA regulation of virus-related cancer development and progression remains poorly understood. Here, we report that miR-148a is repressed by hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBx) to promote cancer growth and metastasis in a mouse model of hepatocellular ... 545 Schlösser Magnus - - 2013 Highly accurate, in-line and real-time composition measurements of gases are mandatory in many processing applications. The quantitative analysis of mixtures of hydrogen isotopologues ($\rm{H_2}$, $\rm{D_2}$, $\rm{T_2}$, $\rm{HD}$, $\rm{HT}$ and $\rm{DT}$) is of high importance in such fields as DT fusion, neutrino mass measurements using tritium $\beta$-decay or photonuclear experiments where ... 546 Connolly Roisin - - 2013 Retinoids and their naturally metabolized and synthetic products (e.g. all-trans retinoic acid, 13-cis retinoic acid, bexarotene) induce differentiation in various cell types. Retinoids exert their actions mainly through binding to the nuclear retinoic acid receptors (α, β, γ), which are transcriptional and homeostatic regulators whose functions are often compromised early ... 547 Nicolay Brandon N - - 2013 Inactivation of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor (pRB) alters the expression of a myriad of genes. To understand the altered cellular environment that these changes create, we took advantage of the Drosophila model system and used targeted liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to profile the metabolic changes that occur when ... 548 Choi N K - - 2013 Background and study aims: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) bowel preparations are regarded as effective and safe for colonoscopy; however, recent reports have indicated a risk of acute renal failure (ARF). This population-based case-crossover study evaluated the association between PEG and ARF in screening colonoscopy patients aged ≥ 50 years.Patients and methods: Korean ... 549 Kibusi Stephen Matthew - - 2013 OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to examine the potential contributions of sociocultural activities to reduce risks of death by homicide. METHODS: This study was designed as a case control study. Relatives of 90 adult homicide victims in Dar es Salaam Region, Tanzania, in 2005 were interviewed. As controls, 211 participants ... 550 Kauppinen Ari - - 2013 Until recently, the freeze-drying process and formulation development have suffered from a lack of micro-scale analytical tools. Using such an analytical should decrease the required sample volume and also shorten the duration of the experiment compared to a laboratory scale setup. This study evaluated the applicability of Raman spectroscopy for ... < 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >