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Huang Yufang - - 2013
RESP18 (Regulated endocrine-specific protein, 18 kDa) was first identified as a dopaminergic drugs-regulated intermediate pituitary transcript. RESP18 protein is a unique endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident protein. Its functions in the brain especially in the nervous system disorders remain unknown. ER stress (ERS) has been proved to be one of the important ...
Xu Ming - - 2013
Autism is a developmental disorder affecting communication, social interaction, motor skills, and cerebellar structure and functions. Recent studies have indicated that maternal infection during brain development may be one of the risk factors for autism. We have previously demonstrated the abnormal overexpression of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) in autistic cerebellum. To examine ...
Crump Casey - - 2013
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia is associated with premature mortality, but the specific causes and pathways are unclear. The authors used outpatient and inpatient data for a national population to examine the association between schizophrenia and mortality and comorbidities. METHOD This was a national cohort study of 6,097,834 Swedish adults, including 8,277 with ...
Schrager Sarina - - 2013
Endometriosis, which affects up to 10 percent of reproductive-aged women, is the presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity. It is more common in women with pelvic pain or infertility (25 to 40 percent and 70 to 90 percent, respectively). Some women with endometriosis are asymptomatic, whereas others ...
Ba┼čak Esra - - 2013
Bovine liver catalase was covalently immobilized onto amino acid-modified chitosan beads. The beads were characterized with SEM, FTIR, TGA and the effects of immobilization on optimum pH and temperature, thermostability, reusability were evaluated. Immobilized catalase showed the maximal enzyme activity at pH 7.0 at 30°C. The kinetic parameters, K(m) and ...
Klotz Laurence - - 2013
OPINION STATEMENT: Low-risk prostate cancer: How I would treat it?Overtreatment of many conditions diagnosed by screening has become increasingly recognized as a contemporary malady associated with modern medicine's efforts at earlier detection. The diagnosis of low-grade prostate cancer clearly qualifies as an example of potential overdiagnosis and overtreatment. Active surveillance ...
Polanski J F - - 2013
Objective: There are many well-known aetiological mechanisms of presbyacusis, and free radicals have been shown to play an important role. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of antioxidant agents on the hearing threshold of patients with presbyacusis. Methods: One hundred and twenty individuals were divided into four groups and ...
Povarnitsyn Mikhail E - - 2013
Laser ablation in liquids is now commonly used to produce colloidal nanoparticles (NPs) that have found numerous applications in different areas. In experiments, NPs of different materials can be rather easily obtained by using laser systems with various pulse durations, shapes, wavelengths, and fluences. In this paper, we focus our ...
Sherf Dagan Shiri - - 2013
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Body mass index (BMI) is more commonly used than waist circumference as a measure of adiposity in clinical and research settings. The purpose of this study was to compare the associations of BMI and waist circumference with cardiorespiratory fitness. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 403 healthy men ...
Wender-Ozegowska Ewa - - 2013
AIMS: The aim was to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) treated from the first trimester with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or multiple daily injections (MDI). METHODS: In a retrospective, observational study, we matched 64 CSII patients for age, age at onset and duration of ...
Monteiro Regina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Dystrophia myotonica (DM) is the most frequent adult-onset muscular dystrophy. Type 1 is caused by the cytosine-thymine-guanine (CTG) repeat expansion in the DM protein kinase gene. Respiratory muscle weakness and altered central ventilatory control lead to hypercapnia and lung volume restriction. PURPOSE: This study aims to review the respiratory ...
Hille Russ - - 2013
A perspective is provided of recent advances in our understanding of molybdenum-containing enzymes other than nitrogenase, a large and diverse group of enzymes that usually (but not always) catalyze oxygen atom transfer to or from a substrate, utilizing a Mo[double bond, length as m-dash]O group as donor or acceptor. An ...
Siddiqui Sorath Noorani - - 2013
PURPOSE:To evaluate the visual outcome and corneal endothelial cell density after Artisan aphakic intraocular lens (IOL) implantation (Ophtec, Groningen, the Netherlands) in pediatric eyes with subluxated lenses. METHODS:Artisan aphakic IOLs were implanted in 18 eyes of 11 children with subluxated lenses. Idiopathic subluxations and ectopia lentis due to Marfan syndrome ...
Dasgupta Sandipan - - 2013
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of a nanoemulsion for topical delivery of aceclofenac using different excipients having optimum emulsifying ability rather than their solubilizing capacity. Methods: The oil-in-water nanoemulsions were prepared by screening the excipients from the nanoemulsion region of pseudoternary phase diagram. ...
Chen Xinyin - - 2013
Shy-sensitive children are likely to develop adjustment problems in today's urban China as the country has evolved into an increasingly competitive, market-oriented society. The main purpose of this one-year longitudinal study was to examine the moderating effects of academic achievement on relations between shyness-sensitivity and later internalizing problems in Chinese ...
Domino Marisa E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A previous study of recovery-oriented assertive community treatment (PACT) found large differences over three years in use of state psychiatric hospitals between PACT participants and consumers in a matched control group, especially for PACT participants with significant previous psychiatric hospitalization. This study extended these findings by examining the timing ...
Afonso Pedro - - 2013
Objectives. The aim of this study was to examine the differences between a sample of patients with schizophrenia and a sample of healthy controls in terms of sleep patterns and self-reported sleep quality and quality of life (QoL). Methods. Thirty-four schizophrenia outpatients (SP), 12 women and 22 men and 34 ...
Chiang Shen-Shih - - 2013
Phytoestrogens are a class of bioactive compounds derived from plants and exert various estrogenic and antiestrogenic effects. Estrogen deficiency osteoporosis has become a serious problem in elderly women. The use of ovariectomized (OVX) rat or mice models to simulate the postmenopausal condition is well established. This review aimed to clarify ...
Wagenaar Bradley H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study examined patterns, determinants, and costs of seeking care for mild to moderate psychiatric distress in order to determine optimal approaches for expanding mental health care in rural Haiti. METHODS: A cross-sectional, zone-stratified household survey of 408 adults was conducted in Haiti's Central Plateau. Multivariable logistic regression models ...
Mussche Silke - - 2013
Giant axonal neuropathy (GAN) is caused by loss of function of the gigaxonin protein. On a cellular level GAN is characterized by intermediate filament (IF) aggregation, leading to a progressive and fatal peripheral neuropathy in humans. This study sought to determine if re-introduction of the GAN gene into GAN-deficient cells ...
Ahrari Farzaneh - - 2013
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been commonly used for the treatment of painful musculoskeletal conditions, but the results of previous studies on this subject are controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of LLLT in the management of patients with myogenic temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs). In ...
Shang Xiaojie - - 2013
Transition metal-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenative coupling reactions of C(aryl)-H bonds with C(vinyl)-H bonds to generate a C(aryl)-C(vinyl) bonds have been well developed in recent decades. However, only a few studies have focused on the direct C(vinyl)-C(vinyl) bond formation via double C(vinyl)-H bond activation. Recent developments in this active area have been ...
Bhat Rajani - - 2013
A series of pyrrolidone-based polymers is prepared from pyroglutamic acid, a bio-derived resource. Polymers bearing simple alkoxy substituents (e.g., methoxy, ethoxy, and butoxy) are soluble in common organic solvents and possess glass transition temperatures that are dependent on the length of the alkoxy residue. Replacing these substituents with an ether ...
Bouché Elisabeth - - 2013
The integration of newborn neurons into functional neuronal networks requires migration of cells to their final position in the developing brain, the growth and arborization of neuronal processes and the formation of synaptic contacts with other neurons. A central player among the signals that coordinate this complex sequence of differentiation ...
Shirato Ken - - 2013
Splenic marginal zone macrophages expressing macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) contribute to the clearance of blood-borne pathogens. We determined a splenic adherent cell fraction abundantly containing cells expressing a higher level of MARCO by flow cytometry, and examined the effects of daily administration of an anabolic dose of β(2)-agonist ...
Oh Tae-Sik - - 2013
Columnar thin films of undoped ceria were grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. The films, deposited on Pt-coated MgO(100) substrates, display a columnar microstructure with nanometer scale grain size and ∼30% overall porosity. Through-plane (thickness mode) electrical conductivity was measured by AC impedance spectroscopy. Proton conduction is observed below 350-400 ...
McCourt H J - - 2013
Background:Research examining the relationship between adiponectin (AN) isoforms, body weight and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors is limited, particularly in younger populations.Objectives:To investigate the inter-relationships between AN isoforms and CV risk factors, and their dependence on body weight status, in adolescents.Design:Blood samples from 92 obese, 92 overweight and 92 normal weight ...
Bathala S - - 2013
Background: Sore throat is a common condition associated with acute upper respiratory tract infection, and recurrent episodes of infection may result in chronic tonsillitis. The current UK and USA guidelines for tonsillectomy use the incidence of sore throat episodes as an indication for surgery. However, the mechanism of sore throat ...
Clark Andrew L - - 2013
Oedema is one of the fundamental features of heart failure, but the pathophysiology of oedema varies. Patients present along a spectrum ranging from acute pulmonary oedema to gross fluid retention and peripheral oedema (anasarca). In patients with pure pulmonary oedema, the problem is one of acute haemodynamic derangement; the patient ...
Olid David - - 2013
Boranes, heteroboranes and metallacarboranes, all named as boron clusters, offer an alternative to typical organic molecules or organic molecular materials. Carbon and boron share the important property of self-catenation thus these elements can produce individually large and sophisticated molecules. Boron clusters and organic molecules display electronic, physical, chemical and geometrical ...
Wipperman Jennifer L - - 2013
Corneal abrasions are commonly encountered in primary care. Patients typically present with a history of trauma and symptoms of foreign body sensation, tearing, and sensitivity to light. History and physical examination should exclude serious causes of eye pain, including penetrating injury, infective keratitis, and corneal ulcers. After fluorescein staining of ...
Amad A - - 2013
Hallucinations constitute one of the most representative and disabling symptoms of schizophrenia. Several Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings support the hypothesis that distinct patterns of connectivity, particularly within networks involving the hippocampal complex (HC), could be associated with different hallucinatory modalities. The aim of this study was to investigate HC ...
Vlychou Marianna - - 2013
Erosive osteoarthritis (EOA) is defined as hand osteoarthritis (OA) with interphalangeal joint erosions on plain radiographs. We sought to find ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features that could distinguish EOA from nodal hand OA (NOA). Symptomatic consecutive patients with hand OA as defined by the American College of ...
Borges Maria Carolina - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) aqueous extract consumption on metabolic indicators and inflammatory response of peritoneal macrophages in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Male Wistar rats were fed a control diet or a HFD for 12 weeks. At the end of this period, rats ...
Chávez-Munguía Bibiana - - 2013
During Acanthamoeba castellanii trophozoite-cysts differentiation, four morphological stages were identified by scanning electron microscopy: trophozoite, precyst, immature cysts, and mature cysts. Fluorescence microscopy reveals the presence of small cumulus of actin in the cytoplasm of precysts after treatment with rhodamine phalloidin. By the contrary, in mature cysts, fluorescence was not ...
Street J T - - 2013
Study Design:Observational cohort comparison.Objectives:To compare the previously validated Spine Adverse Events Severity system (SAVES) with International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes (ICD-10) codes for identifying adverse events (AEs) in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI).Setting:Quaternary Care Spine Program.Methods:Patients discharged between 2006 and 2010 were identified from our prospective ...
Kuhla Angela - - 2013
Aging often restricts the capacity of the immune system. Endotoxemia is characterized by an immune response initiated by a group of pattern recognition receptors including the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). The aim of this study was to clarify to which extent RAGE and its signaling pathways such ...
Yang Ian A - - 2013
Asthma and COPD continue to have considerable impact on disease burden and mortality world-wide. Early diagnosis still remains a challenge, with low uptake of spirometry in many countries. Implementing best practice management for airways disease is a critical goal for health care systems - the management now includes pharmacological and ...
Sorelle J A - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Beta cell death triggered by pro-inflammatory cytokines plays a central role in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes and loss of transplanted islets. The nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signalling pathway is a key regulator of beta cell stress response, survival and apoptosis. Withaferin A (WA), a steroidal lactone derived ...
Wu Tzy-Haw - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Evidence about whether white blood cell (WBC) or its subtypes can act as a biomarker to predict the ischemic stroke events in the general population is scanty, particularly in Asian populations. The aim of this study is to establish the predictive ability of total WBC count or subtypes ...
Völzke Henry - - 2013
Objectives Studies on the potential association of socioeconomic status with iodine supply and the risk for thyroid disorders from developed countries are sparse. Socioeconomic status, however, may particularly impact the efficiency of iodine prophylaxis programs, which are based on the voluntary principle. This study aims to investigate whether the socioeconomic ...
Cristofalo Renata - - 2013
Abstract Silibinin is a polyphenolic plant flavonoid with anti-inflammatory properties. The present study investigated the effect of silibinin on oxidative metabolism and cytokine production - tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)12, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-6, IL-10, and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β(1)) - by peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) from ...
Bagraith Karl S - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine whether the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and an associated core set are adequate to describe multidisciplinary clinical assessments of patients with chronic musculoskeletal conditions. The multidisciplinary assessment (medical, psychiatry, nursing, physiotherapy, occupational therapy and psychology) of a patient ...
Vlot John - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Adequate working space is a prerequisite for safe and efficient minimal access surgery. No objective data exist in literature about the effect of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on working space in laparoscopic surgery. We objectively measured this effect with computed tomography in a porcine laparoscopy model. METHODS: Using standardized ...
Sreejit P - - 2013
Cellular therapy using stem cells for cardiac diseases has recently gained much interest in the scientific community due to its potential in regenerating damaged and even dead tissue and thereby restoring the organ function. Stem cells from various sources and origin are being currently used for regeneration studies directly or ...
Elvsåshagen Torbjørn - - 2013
Elvsåshagen T, Westlye LT, Bøen E, Hol PK, Andersson S, Andreassen OA, Boye B, Malt UF. Evidence for reduced dentate gyrus and fimbria volume in bipolar II disorder. Bipolar Disord 2013: 00: 000-000. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Objectives:  Dentate gyrus (DG)-dependent inhibition ...
Sunil Thankam S - - 2013
Childhood malnutrition is a major problem in developing countries, and in Cambodia, it is estimated that approximately 42% of the children are stunted, which is considered to be very high. In the present study, we examined the effects of proximate and socio-economic determinants on childhood malnutrition in Cambodia. In addition, ...
Clark Clancy J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare subtype of chronic pancreatitis that may mimic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes of pancreatectomy for patients with AIP. METHODS: In this multi-institutional study, we identified all patients who underwent pancreatectomy for ...
Pan Jun-Ying - - 2013
Three star-shaped D-A small molecules, (P-DPP)3TPA, (4-FP-DPP)3TPA, and (4-BuP-DPP)3TPA were designed and synthesized with triphenylamine (TPA) as the core, diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) as the arm, and unsubstituted or substituted benzene rings (phenyl, P; 4-fluoro-phenyl, 4-FP; 4-n-butyl-phenyl, 4-BuP) as the end-group. All the three small molecules show relatively narrow optical band gaps ...
Foster Paul A - - 2013
AIM: The role of oestrogen metabolism and action in colorectal cancer (CRC) is controversial. An extensive review of the current literature, encompassing epidemiological evidence, systemic and peripheral oestrogen concentrations, 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD) and aromatase in CRC, steroid sulphatase (STS)/oestrone sulphotransferase (EST) and in vitro and in vivo genomic effects was ...
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