Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2924
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Buitendijk Maarten M V.A. Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, - - 2013
Immune response modifiers are being studied as therapeutic agents for viral infections and cancer. These molecules include agonists for the Toll-like receptors (TLR), a family of innate immune receptors. TLR7 and 8, located in cellular endosomes, bind single-stranded RNA characteristic of viral genomes, and trigger intracellular signaling pathways that induce ...
Rekha B - - 2013
While contact screening and chemoprophylaxis is recommended by India's Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme for asymptomatic children aged <6 years who are household contacts of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients, implementation is suboptimal. To evaluate the effectiveness of an isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) register and card in improving the adherence ...
Johnson Tammy M - - 2013
Malnutrition commonly complicates the course of patients with cirrhosis and has a multifactorial etiology. Despite the important role that nutrition plays in the prognosis of those with cirrhosis, the nutrition assessment process can be challenging in this setting. A number of tools are available to aid in the nutrition assessment ...
Mupere E - - 2013
Passive case finding (PCF) is the strategy implemented by most developing countries to detect new cases of tuberculosis (TB), but detection rates remain low. Active case finding (ACF) is an alternative strategy, although cost is a barrier to implementation. We estimated the cost-effectiveness of a city-wide ACF programme in Kampala, ...
Bhutia R - - 2013
Four district DOTS centres in Sikkim, India. Direct and early detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and rifampicin (RMP) susceptibility using the INNO-LiPA Rif.TB assay. DNA was extracted from 44 inactivated acid-fast bacilli-positive sputum slides using the Gen Elute bacterial genomic DNA kit. Eluted DNA were ethanol precipitated. The LiPA kit ...
Matabosch Xavier - - 2013
: Budesonide (22(R,S)-16α,17α-butylidenedioxy-11β,21-dihydroxypregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione) (BUD) is a glucocorticoid widely used for the treatment of asthma and rhinitis. Its use in sport competitions is prohibited when administered by oral, intravenous, intramuscular, or rectal routes, but its use by other routes (eg, inhalation) is allowed. The objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Maciel E L - - 2013
To investigate risk factors for delayed sputum culture conversion to negative during anti-tuberculosis treatment, with an emphasis on smoking. Nested case-control study of adults with non-cavitary, culture-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) participating in an anti-tuberculosis treatment trial in Brazil. A case of delayed culture conversion was a patient who remained culture-positive ...
Haile-Mariam M - - 2013
The reliability of genomic evaluations depends on the proportion of genetic variation explained by the DNA markers. In this study, we have estimated the proportion of variance in daughter trait deviations (DTDs) of dairy bulls explained by 45 993 genome wide single-nucleotide poly- morphism (SNP) markers for 29 traits in ...
Cruz A T - - 2013
Children's tuberculosis clinic, Houston, TX, United States. To determine the safety, adherence and efficacy of intermittent directly observed preventive therapy (DOPT). Retrospective cohort of children receiving intermittent DOPT for exposure to tuberculosis (TB) or latent TB infection (LTBI) seen from 1989 to 2011 at one clinic. A total of 1383 ...
Feng Bo - - 2013
Our objective was to investigate the feasibility of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair during its developmental phases in China. The clinical data of 2,056 patients (2,473 hernias) who underwent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair at Shanghai Minimally Invasive Surgery Center between January 2001 and December 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. The operation priority ...
Holler Phillip D - - 2013
Vitamin A (vitA) has many roles in human biology. With respect to hair, knockout mice for vitA receptor, hairless, and vitamin D genes have similar phenotypes, and follicle loss occurs during catagen. Hypovitaminosis A from inadequate vitA intake causes hair loss. This work suggests that dietary vitA may have a ...
Taurines Regina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: This naturalistic therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) study aimed to evaluate the relationship between dosage, serum concentration, and clinical outcome in children and adolescents treated with the serotonin reuptake inhibitor sertraline for different indications. METHODS:: Steady-state trough serum concentrations were analyzed in 90 subjects, treated with 25-200 mg sertraline per ...
Binder Lutz - - 2013
: Meropenem is an effective β-lactam antibiotic that is frequently used to treat serious infections in both intensive care unit (ICU) and febrile neutropenic hematology/oncology (Hem/Onc) patients. Studies suggest that to be effective, meropenem concentrations must be maintained above the inhibitory concentrations for the majority of a dosing interval. However, ...
Podlekareva D N - - 2013
To assess health care utilisation for patients co-infected with TB and HIV (TB-HIV), and to develop a weighted health care index (HCI) score based on commonly used interventions and compare it with patient outcome. A total of 1061 HIV patients diagnosed with TB in four regions, Central/Northern, Southern and Eastern ...
Jakubiak Magdalena - - 2013
Evaluation of the diagnostic efficiency of the intraoperative cytological examination of lymphatic nodes obtained during transcervical extended mediastinal lymphadenectomy (TEMLA). All mediastinal nodes obtained during consecutive TEMLA operations in patients with confirmed lung cancer were examined. Cytological imprints from cross sections of nodes were performed, fixed in 96 proof alcohol ...
Wille Sarah M R - - 2013
: "Driving under the influence of drugs" (DUID) has a large impact on the worldwide mortality risk. Therefore, DUID legislations based on impairment or analytical limits are adopted. Drug detection in oral fluid is of interest due to the ease of sampling during roadside controls. The prevalence of Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) ...
Diriba B - - 2013
St Peter Tuberculosis (TB) Specialized Hospital and the Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. To genotype multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) isolates and assess the magnitude of their clustering. A total of 183 consecutive MDR-TB isolates collected between September 2009 and February 2012 were characterised using molecular typing. Prior to ...
Lee J S - - 2013
Exacerbations contribute substantially to the morbidity and mortality associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To assess whether prophylactic antibiotic treatment reduces exacerbations in patients with COPD and/or chronic bronchitis. Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Koreamed and references from relevant publications were searched up to October 2011. ...
Ugurel Selma - - 2013
Chemotherapeutic drugs are clinically used to treat cancer because of their cytotoxic activities against tumor cells. Recently, however, evidence is accumulating-including the report of Hervieu et al. (2012) in the current issue of The Journal of Investigative Dermatology-indicating that at least some of these drugs have broader activities and that ...
Liu R X - - 2013
Genotyping that differentiates between strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis based on variations in the genome of the organism is a useful tool for molecular epidemiological studies of tuberculosis. In the present study, we identified a combination of five mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit (MIRU) loci and three variable numbers of tandem repeats ...
Sibanda T - - 2013
Eight public health clinics in Gaborone and Francistown, Botswana. To describe the characteristics and outcomes of incident tuberculosis (TB) cases in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected adults exposed to isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) with access to antiretroviral and anti-tuberculosis treatment. In 1995 HIV-infected adults, TB disease was excluded before commencing ...
Grubbs Elizabeth G - - 2013
The ideal surgical management of hereditary pheochromocytomas includes planning for a potential metachronous bilateral presentation and the possibility of lifelong steroid dependence if bilateral adrenalectomy is needed. An intact and viable cortical remnant after bilateral pheochromocytoma resection can eliminate the necessity for steroid dependency, but can increase the risk of ...
Enamandram Monica - - 2013
Psoriasis is a common chronic dermatological disease whose prevalence varies among different populations worldwide. In epidemiological studies, the factors that potentially account for this variability include climate, genetic susceptibility, and environmental antigen exposure. In this issue, Parisi et al. performed a systematic review to explore the global prevalence and incidence ...
Guarner-Argente Carlos - - 2013
Endoluminal therapy is an option for selected patients with Barrett's esophagus and high-grade dysplasia or early cancer. To assess long-term outcomes of patients treated with endoluminal therapy with the goal of complete eradication of all dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia. Retrospective cohort study. Selected patients referred with dysplastic Barrett's esophagus. Endoluminal ...
Yadav R - - 2013
A tertiary care hospital in North India. To analyse the frequency of mutations associated with resistance to rifampicin (RMP), isoniazid (INH) and streptomycin (SM) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. M. tuberculosis isolates from 171 pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients (newly diagnosed 102, 59.6%; retreated 69, 40.3%) were analysed. Drug susceptibility testing was performed ...
Spigset Olav - - 2013
: Pregabalin has an abuse potential and is occasionally used as a recreational drug. To draw the right conclusions regarding new intake of pregabalin in situations of repeated urinary drug testing, the knowledge of its disappearance rate in urine is essential. : One healthy male volunteer took a single oral ...
Filip Dobromir - - 2013
Capsule endoscopy is a noninvasive method for examining the small intestine. Recently, this method has been used to visualize the colon. However, the capsule often tumbles in the wider colon lumen, resulting in potentially missed pathology. In addition, the capsule does not have the ability to distend collapsed segments of ...
Garcia Santiago - - 2013
Percutaneous treatment of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains challenging, mainly due to difficulty in crossing the lesion. However tremendous progress has been achieved recently with expanded use of the retrograde approach and advanced dissection re-entry techniques. The development of the "hybrid" approach from North American operators has provided practical ...
Mor Z - - 2013
The Israeli national tuberculosis (TB) surveillance system. To describe the epidemiology of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) in Israel between 1999 and 2010 and identify more susceptible populations. Data were retrieved from the National Tuberculosis Registry and the Israeli Bureau of Statistics. During the study period, 995 EPTB patients were notified, corresponding ...
Mbatchou Ngahane B H - - 2013
To determine factors associated with smoking among university students in Cameroon. A cross-sectional survey was carried out using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire among a convenience sample of 3000 students from three universities (the Université des Montagnes, and the Universities of Douala and Yaounde 1) in Cameroon; 190 students (5.9%) did ...
Lisak Katarina - - 2013
The present study examines the resistance of the α-lactalbumin to α-chymotrypsin (EC 3.4.21.1) digestion under various experimental conditions. Whey protein isolate (WPI) was hydrolysed using randomised hydrolysis conditions (5 and 10% of WPI; pH 7·0, 7·8 and 8·5; temperature 25, 37 and 50 °C; enzyme-to-substrate ratio, E/S, of 0·1%, 0·5 and ...
Auld S C - - 2013
South Africa currently maintains separate surveillance systems for tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). There are future plans for integration of these systems; however, the consistency of information across the existing systems has not previously been assessed. To determine the completeness and concordance of data in the TB and ...
McGree J M - - 2013
We describe the population pharmacokinetics of an acepromazine (ACP) metabolite (2-(1-hydroxyethyl)promazine) (HEPS) in horses for the estimation of likely detection times in plasma and urine. ACP (30 mg) was administered to 12 horses, and blood and urine samples were taken at frequent intervals for chemical analysis. A Bayesian hierarchical model was ...
Lo Roger S - - 2013
Melanoma has recently emerged as a poster child for targeted therapies and immunotherapies, with game-changing BRAF and immune checkpoint inhibitors now in clinical trials and with approved clinical indications. One highly anticipated use of novel therapeutic agents is in the adjuvant setting. Adjuvant BRAF and/or immune checkpoint inhibition may positively ...
Gonzalez Humberto C - - 2013
An accurate assessment of the degree of fibrosis or presence of cirrhosis is critical both for the appropriate management of, and to provide prognosis for, patients with chronic hepatitis C infection. In the new era of direct acting antivirals, large numbers of patients may enter therapy, and although liver biopsy ...
Jadhav Sagar R - - 2013
Conventional medical therapies for ulcerative colitis (UC) are still limited due to the adverse side effects like dose-dependent diarrhoea and insufficient potency to keep in remission for long-term periods. So, new alternatives that provide more effective and safe therapies for ulcerative colitis are constantly being sought. In the present study, ...
Klein Catherine J - - 2013
Infants who are dependent on parenteral nutrition (PN) sometimes develop PN-associated cholestasis (PNAC). A compassionate use protocol, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the institutional review board, guided enrollment of hospitalized infants with PNAC (<1 year of age, PN dependence for >3 weeks). Plasma concentrations of essential ...
Jindal S K - - 2013
Eight operational locations for the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in six Indian states. To assess the 6-month efficacy of an intermittent thrice-weekly directly observed treatment (DOT) regimen for tuberculous peripheral adenopathy and the need for prolongation of treatment to 9 months for non-resolution of lymphadenopathy. Patients aged >5 years ...
Moore Milton R - - 2013
Instructions: In answering each question, refer to the specific directions provided. Because it is often necessary to provide information occurring later in a series that give away answers to earlier questions, please answer the questions in each series in sequence.
Van Tongeren L - - 2013
Tuberculosis (TB) in-patient treatment unit in Vancouver, Canada. To examine the results of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in anti-tuberculosis treatment. We performed a retrospective analysis of TDM data from 2000 to 2010. All in-patients treated for TB with TDM performed during their treatment course were included. TDM was performed on ...
Rostom Alaa - - 2013
Comfort during colonoscopy is a critical component of safety and quality. To develop and validate the Nurse-Assessed Patient Comfort Score (NAPCOMS). Prospective scale validation. Colorectal cancer screening centers in the United Kingdom and Canada. A total of 300 consecutive patients undergoing colonoscopy at participating colorectal cancer screening centers. The NAPCOMS ...
Xie Liang-Xi LX Cancer Hospital of Medical College, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong Province, China. - - 2013
Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) is a crucial regulator of the development of lymphatic vessels and is involved in the lymph node metastasis of cancer. The levels of VEGF-C expression and lymphatic vessel density (LVD) in 128 gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (GEJA) tissues were examined by immunohistochemistry and analysed for ...
Moreira Carolina Campos Lima CC Department of Physiological Sciences, State University of Londrina, Londrina, - - 2013
Few studies have investigated liver gluconeogenesis in cancer and there is no agreement as to whether the activity of this pathway is increased or decreased in this disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate gluconeogenesis from alanine, pyruvate and glycerol, and related metabolic parameters in perfused liver from ...
Esmaeili Mohammad A MA Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, Center for Translational Neuroscience, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, - - 2013
Abnormal distribution, modification and aggregation of transactivation response DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) are the hallmarks of multiple neurodegenerative diseases, especially frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive inclusions (FTLD-U) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Transgenic mouse lines overexpressing wild-type or mutant TDP-43 exhibit ALS-like symptom, motor abnormalities and early paralysis followed by ...
Conte Neto Nicolau N Division of Periodontology, Department of Diagnosis and Surgery, School of Dentistry, UNESP- Univ. Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, SP, - - 2013
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) following the use of bisphosphonates has become of increased interest in the scientific community, due in particular to its as-yet-unsolved pathogenesis. An experimental model of ONJ was induced in normal male rats [alendronate (ALN); 1 mg/Kg/day; n = 10] and matched controls (saline solution; n ...
Shah Kejal R KR Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75246, - - 2013
Cutaneous findings are not uncommonly a concomitant finding in patients afflicted with gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. The dermatologic manifestations may precede clinically evident GI disease. Part I of this 2-part CME review focuses on dermatologic findings as they relate to hereditary and nonhereditary polyposis disorders and paraneoplastic disorders. A number of ...
de Leon Jose J University of Kentucky Mental Health Research Center at Eastern State Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky 40508, USA. - - 2013
Clobazam was recently approved for Lennox-Gastaut syndrome in the United States. There is no published review article focused on clobazam therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in English. More than 200 clobazam articles identified by a PubMed search were carefully reviewed for information on clobazam pharmacokinetics. Clobazam is mainly metabolized by a ...
Yokoyama Hitoshi H Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2013
We previously reported the effects of herpes simplex virus (HSV) vector-mediated enkephalin on bladder overactivity and pain. In this study, we evaluated the effects of vHPPE (E1G6-ENK), a newly engineered replication-deficient HSV vector encoding human preproenkephalin (hPPE). vHPPE or control vector was injected into the bladder wall of female rats ...
dos Santos A P G AP Institute of Thoracic Diseases, Clementino Fraga Filho University Hospital, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. - - 2013
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) significantly reduces tuberculosis (TB) incidence among persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but the safety and effectiveness of concomitant treatment for both diseases remain unclear. To evaluate the impact of ART and anti-tuberculosis treatment on survival and risk of adverse events (AE) among co-infected individuals. In a ...
Agrawal S S South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India. - - 2013
We estimated the prevalence of self-reported asthma in adult Indians and examined several risk factors influencing disease prevalence. Analysis is based on 99,574 women and 56,742 men aged 20-49 years included in India's third National Family Health Survey, 2005-2006. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the prevalence odds ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >