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Baldwin Robert L - - 2013
The hydrophobic free energy in current use is based on transfer of alkane solutes from liquid alkanes to water, and it has been argued recently that these values are incorrect and should be based instead on gas-liquid transfer data. Hydrophobic free energy is measured here by gas-liquid transfer of hydrocarbon ...
Alberti Giancarla - - 2013
New solid-phases for the binding, separation and extraction of perrhenate and pertechnetate (ReO(4)(-) and TcO(4)(-)) from water solutions have been developed from a selective molecular receptor. Host compounds being capable of encapsulating these oxoanions are of great interest. The azacryptand, containing two tripodal tetra-amine subunits covalently linked by p-xylyl spacers, ...
Wang Liang-Bing - - 2013
This communication reports a rational design of CaHPO4-α-amylase hybrid nanobiocatalytic system based on allosteric effect and an explanation of the increase in catalytic activity when certain enzymes are immobilized in specific nanomaterials. Employing a calcification approach in aqueous solutions, we acquired such new nanobiocatalytic systems with three different morphologies, i.e. ...
Pagano Silvia - - 2013
To investigate whether semantic information relative to numbers is retained during multiple object individuation, we recorded N2pc-a neural measure of selection/individuation-during a numerical version of the Stroop task. Participants enumerated a varying number of target digits (1 to 4) whose identity was either congruent or incongruent with their numerosity. N2pc ...
Bultink Irene E M - - 2013
Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) is one of the most devastating side-effects of glucocorticoid (GC) use, as it is associated with an increased fracture risk. The importance of GIOP as a health problem is underlined by the frequent use of GC treatment in patients with various chronic diseases and by the high ...
Efe Erkan - - 2013
The severe ischemia or necrosis of the glans penis is a rarely seen complication after circumcision. We report the case of a 7-year-old boy with severe glans penis ischemia occurring 24 hours after circumcision with local anesthesia (0.1% xylocaine containing ephedrine). His hemogram and levels of proteins C and S ...
Jin L - - 2013
Src is the founding member of a diverse family of intracellular tyrosine kinases, and Src has a key role in promoting cancer growth, in part, through its association with receptor tyrosine kinases. However, some Src-related proteins have widely divergent physiological roles, and these proteins include the Rak/Frk tyrosine kinase (Frk ...
Thomas D H DH Medical Physics, Centre for Cardiovascular Science, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
Sub-capillary sized microbubbles offer improved techniques for diagnosis and therapy of vascular related disease using ultrasound. Their physical interaction with ultrasound remains an active research field that aims to optimize techniques. The aim of this study is to investigate whether controlled microbubble disruption upon exposure to consecutive ultrasound exposures can ...
Hong Hao H Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53705-2275, United - - 2013
The objective of this study was to characterize the in vitro and in vivo properties of the F(ab')(2) fragment of TRC105, a human/murine chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody that binds with high avidity to human and murine CD105 (i.e., endoglin), and investigate its potential for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of ...
Wahlström Erik - - 2013
Subacute inhalation study (1 week or 2 weeks) is an important process for screening out inhaled compounds causing lung irritation. To investigate whether the lung weight can be used as an indicator for acute lung injury, we have analyzed retrospectively the lung weight data from 30 studies in rats exposed ...
Commandeur Susanna - - 2013
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is responsible for almost 2 million deaths annually. Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin, the only vaccine available against tuberculosis (TB), induces highly variable protection against TB, and better TB vaccines are urgently needed. A prerequisite for candidate vaccine Ags is that they are immunogenic and expressed by M. tuberculosis ...
Kettner Mattias - - 2013
Carbon dioxide (CO(2) ) is an odorless constituent of air. Higher concentrations can be detected in geothermal and automotive emissions, fermentation, and sublimation of dry ice. An unskilled worker entered a fermentation tank to clean it, which had not been done for about 5 months allowing for high concentrations of CO(2) ...
Dahl Audun - - 2013
From preschool age to adulthood, most humans prefer to help someone who has treated others well over helping someone who has treated others badly. Researchers have recently made opposing predictions about whether such observation-based preferential helping is present when children begin to help in the second year of life. In ...
Arriazu Elena - - 2013
General control nonderepresible 2 (GCN2) is a highly conserved cytosolic kinase that modulates a complex response for coping with the stress owing to lack of amino acids. GCN2 has been recently shown to be involved in the regulation of metabolic balance and lipid degradation rate in the liver. We hypothesized ...
Labarrera Christina C Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2013
GABAergic granule cells (GCs) regulate, via mitral cells, the final output from the olfactory bulb to piriform cortex and are central for the speed and accuracy of odour discrimination. However, little is known about the local circuits in which GCs are embedded and how GCs respond during functional network activity. ...
Wang J-D - - 2013
Amplification of the human telomerase RNA component (TERC) gene was found in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, its roles in the progression and prognosis of ESCC have not been well understood. The amplification of TERC in normal mucosa, low-grade and high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, and invasive ESCC samples were evaluated ...
Fields Madeline C - - 2013
OBJECTIVES To describe demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with hospital-onset seizure (HOS) and to explore current practices in their management. DESIGN Retrospective medical record review. SETTING Academic, tertiary care, private (New York University Langone Medical Center) and municipal (Bellevue Hospital Center) medical centers. PATIENTS Patients aged at least 18 ...
Ramachandran Srinivas S Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7260, - - 2013
Ryanodine receptor type 1 (RyR1) releases Ca(2+) from intracellular stores upon nerve impulse to trigger skeletal muscle contraction. Effector binding at the cytoplasmic domain tightly controls gating of the pore domain of RyR1 to release Ca(2+). However, the molecular mechanism that links effector binding to channel gating is unknown due ...
Blassberg Robert A - - 2013
Recent advances in a number of systems suggest many genes involved in orchestrating regeneration are redeployed from similar processes in development, with others being novel to the regeneration process in particular lineages. Of particular importance will be understanding the architecture of regenerative genetic regulatory networks and whether they are conserved ...
Del Giudice Mariela G - - 2013
Secretion of proteins in Gram-negative bacteria is a high-energy-consuming process that requires translocation across two membranes and a periplasmic space composed of a mesh-like layer, the peptidoglycan. To achieve this, bacteria have evolved complex secretion systems that cross these barriers, and in many cases there are specific peptidoglycanases that degrade ...
Schmitt M - - 2013
The human recombinant G-CSF filgrastim has been widely used for the mobilization of CD34(+) stem cells of healthy donors (HD). In 2008, the G-CSF biosimilar XM02 (Ratiograstim, Tevagrastim and Biograstim) was approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for the mobilization of PBSC. However, there is limited experience in the ...
Soldi Monica - - 2013
Chromatin is a highly dynamic, well-structured nucleoprotein complex of DNA and proteins that controls virtually all DNA-transactions. Chromatin dynamicity is regulated at specific loci by the presence of various associated proteins, histones post-translational modifications, histone variants and DNA methylation. Until now the characterization of the proteomic component of chromatin domains ...
Xie Yijing - - 2013
A well-established navigation method is one of the key conditions for successful brain surgery: it should be accurate, safe and online operable. Recent research shows that optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a potential solution for this application by providing a high resolution and small probe dimension. In this study a ...
Rovó Petra - - 2013
The 20 residue long Trp-cage is the smallest protein known, and thus has been the subject of several in vitro and in silico folding studies. Here, we report the multistate folding scenario of the miniprotein in atomic detail. We detected and characterized different intermediate states by temperature dependent NMR measurements ...
Eimer William A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although the mechanism of neuron loss in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is enigmatic, it is associated with cerebral accumulation of Abeta42. The 5XFAD mouse model of amyloid deposition expresses five familial AD (FAD) mutations that are additive in driving Abeta42 overproduction. 5XFAD mice exhibit intraneuronal Abeta42 accumulation at 1.5 ...
Sprung V S VS H. Jones: Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Tom Reilly Building, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street Campus, Liverpool L3 3AF, - - 2013
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with cardiovascular disease. The contribution of the nitric oxide (NO) dilator system to cutaneous endothelial dysfunction is currently unknown in PCOS. Our aim was to examine whether women with PCOS demonstrate impaired cutaneous microvascular NO function and whether exercise training can ameliorate any impairment. ...
Reddy Chidipudi Suresh - - 2013
2-Aryl-3-hydroxy-2-cyclohexenones are shown to be competent substrates for palladium- and ruthenium-catalyzed C-H alkenylation reactions with terminal alkenes, providing, in most cases, benzopyrans.
Faller Hermann - - 2013
PURPOSEThis study aimed to evaluate the effects of psycho-oncologic interventions on emotional distress and quality of life in adult patients with cancer. METHODSLiterature databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials that compared a psycho-oncologic intervention delivered face-to face with a control condition. The main outcome measures were emotional distress, ...
Chang Chia-Hao - - 2013
The complete mitochondrial genome of the tiger tail seahorse was sequenced using a polymerase chain reaction-based method. The total length of mitochondrial DNA is 16,525 bp and includes 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA, 22 transfer RNA genes, and a control region. The mitochondrial gene arrangement of the tiger tail seahorse ...
Weston Ralph E - - 2013
Ab initio microcanonical rate constants were computed using Semi-Classical Transition State Theory (SCTST) and used in two master equation formulations (1D, depending on active energy with centrifugal corrections, and 2D, depending on total energy and angular momentum) to compute temperature-dependent rate constants for the title reactions using a potential energy ...
Farbood Morwaread Mary MM Department of Music and Performing Arts Professions, Steinhardt School, New York University, NY 10012, USA. - - 2013
A central process in music cognition involves the identification of key; however, little is known about how listeners accomplish this task in real time. This study derives from work that suggests overlap between the neural and cognitive resources underlying the analyses of both music and speech and is the first, ...
Allman Erik E Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, - - 2013
Membrane proton transporters contribute to pH homeostasis but have also been shown to transmit information between cells in close proximity through regulated proton secretion. For example, the nematode intestinal Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHX-7 causes adjacent muscle cells to contract by transiently acidifying the extracellular space between the intestine and muscle. NHX-7 ...
van de Hoef Diana L - - 2013
Presenilins were identified as causative factors in familial Alzheimer's disease and also play an essential role in Notch signaling during development. We previously identified FKBP14, a member of the family of FK506-binding proteins (FKBPs), as a modifier of Presenilin in Drosophila. FKBPs are highly conserved peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerases that play ...
Moeller Lars C - - 2013
Thyroid hormone (TH) may play a role in diseases other than hyper- and hypothyroidism. Several lines of evidence suggest tumor promoting effects of TH and thyroid hormone receptors (TRs). They are possibly mediated by PI3K and MAPK and involve amongst others stimulation of angiogenesis via αvβ3. Thus, an increased risk ...
Liu Anne Y AY Division of Rheumatology, Immunology, and Allergy, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2013
Mast cells (MC) and basophils share expression of the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRI) but can be distinguished by their divergent expression of KIT and CD49b. In BALB/c mice, MC lineage cells expressing high levels of FcεRI by flow cytometry were seen only in bone marrow whereas those expressing intermediate ...
Pettorossi V E VE Department of Medicina Interna, Sezione di Fisiologia Umana, Universit`a di Perugia, Perugia, - - 2013
Self-motion perception and the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) were investigated in healthy subjects during asymmetric whole body yaw plane oscillations while standing on a platform in the dark. Platform oscillation consisted of two half-sinusoidal cycles of the same amplitude (40°) but different duration, featuring a fast (FHC) and a slow half-cycle ...
Zhao Chao - - 2013
The emergence and re-emergence of microbial infection demand an urgent need to develop effective biomaterials that prevent biofilm formation and associated bacterial infection. In this work, we have synthesized and characterized hybrid poly(n-hydroxyethylacrylamide) (polyHEAA)/salicylate (SA) hydrogels with integrated antifouling and antimicrobial capacities. The antifouling efficacy of polyHEAA hydrogels was examined ...
Nogueira Raul G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Conventional non-invasive angiographic techniques for evaluating cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations (cAVMs) after embolization treatment are limited by their inability to acquire time-resolved images. We describe the use of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in the evaluation of residual arteriovenous shunting in cAVMs following Onyx embolization. METHODS: Six subjects who ...
Li H - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus is believed to increase the risk and severity of periodontitis. However, less evidence is available on the converse effects of periodontitis on diabetes. The objective of the study was to investigate to what degree experimental periodontitis induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis might influence the onset and ...
Hu Xiaoqing - - 2013
In an event-related potential (ERP)-based concealed information test (CIT), we investigated the effect of manipulated awareness of concealed information on the ERPs. Participants either committed a mock crime or not (guilty vs. innocent) before the CIT, and received feedback regarding either specific (high awareness) or general (low awareness) task performance ...
Grimaldi-Bensouda Lamiae - - 2013
PURPOSE: Patients' self-reported vaccine exposure (PS) may be subject to memory errors and other biases. Physicians' prescription records and other medical records (MR) do not capture noncompliance with vaccination. This study compared PS with MR for influenza, 23-valent pneumococcal, and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. METHODS: The Pharmacoepidemiologic General Research Extension ...
Ye Ding D Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Carver College of Medicine, the University of Iowa, 1-400 Bowen Science Building, Iowa City, IA 52242-1109, - - 2013
A key process during vertebrate heart development is the migration of bilateral populations of myocardial precursors towards the midline to form the primitive heart tube. In zebrafish, signaling mediated by sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and its cognate G protein-coupled receptor (S1pr2/Mil) is essential for myocardial migration, but the underlying mechanisms remain undefined. ...
Rusman Yudi - - 2013
During a survey of actinobacteria known to suppress the growth of Streptomyces scabies (the causative agent of potato scab disease) in vivo, six new rhamnosylated alkaloids, the solphenazines A-F (1-6), were isolated from a biological control strain of Streptomyces (DL-93). The known rhamnosyl analogue of paraben (9) was also isolated ...
Saveria Tracy - - 2013
Placental malaria (PM) is characterized by infected erythrocytes (IEs) that selectively bind to chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) and sequester in placental tissue. Variant surface antigen 2-CSA (VAR2CSA), a Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) protein family member, is expressed on the surface of placental IEs and mediates adherence to ...
Liamsuwan Thiansin - - 2013
The paper presents calculated cross sections for bare and dressed carbon projectiles of charge states q (0 to 6) with energies 1-10(4) keV u(-1) impacting on molecular water and atomic neon targets. The cross sections of water are of interest for radiobiological studies, but there are very few experimental data for water ...
Marchini Aïda Kawkabani - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Unruptured anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) aneurysms are rare but potentially lethal cerebellopontine angle (CPA) lesions that may be misdiagnosed as vestibular schwannomas when they present with vestibulo-cochlear symptoms. METHODS: We report two cases of unruptured but symptomatic AICA aneurysms initially referred to us as atypical vestibular ...
Tsai H-Y - - 2013
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths and is the most occurring malignancy worldwide. Unraveling the molecular mechanisms involved in lung tumorigenesis will greatly improve therapy. During early tumorigenesis, rapid proliferating tumor cells require increased activity of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) for protein synthesis, folding and secretion, thereby are ...
Chaudhri Anuj - - 2013
Coarse-grained computational models of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies and their mutants can be used to understand the effect of domain-level charge-charge electrostatics on the self-association phenomena at high protein concentrations. The coarse-grained models are constructed for two antibodies at different coarse-grained resolutions using six different concentrations. It is observed that a ...
Jo Siu William J - - 2013
Onychomycosis is a common fungal nail infection in adults that is difficult to treat. The in vitro antifungal activity of efinaconazole, a novel triazole antifungal, was evaluated in recent clinical isolates of Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and Candida albicans, common causative onychomycosis pathogens. In a comprehensive survey of 1,493 isolates, ...
Thomas Paul G - - 2013
Ecology is typically thought of as the study of interactions organisms have with each other and their environment and is focused on the distribution and abundance of organisms both within and between environments. On a molecular level, the capacity to probe analogous questions in the field of T-cell immunology is ...
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