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Results 401 - 450 of 4440
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de Novais Cândido Barreto - - 2013
Hyphal anastomoses which play a key role in the formation of interconnected mycorrhizal networks and in genetic exchange among compatible individuals have been studied in a limited number of species and isolates of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), mainly in symbiotic mycelium. In this work, the occurrence and frequency of anastomosis ...
Stormoen M - - 2013
High mortality during the salmonid seawater phase is a continuous problem for the salmonid aquaculture industry, although the mortality levels show a large variation both in farms with a disease history and those without. We wanted to examine the mortality patterns in farms with pancreas disease (PD) and compare it ...
Robinson Dan R DR Michigan Center for Translational Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2013
A 44-year old woman with recurrent solitary fibrous tumor (SFT)/hemangiopericytoma was enrolled in a clinical sequencing program including whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing. A gene fusion of the transcriptional repressor NAB2 with the transcriptional activator STAT6 was detected. Transcriptome sequencing of 27 additional SFTs identified the presence of a NAB2-STAT6 gene ...
Hauser Ingrid - - 2013
Large-scale amine-based CO(2) capture will generate waste containing large amounts of ammonia, in addition to contaminants such as the actual amine as well as degradation products thereof. Monoethanolamine (MEA) has been a dominant amine applied so far in this context. This study reveals how biological N removal can be achieved ...
Ong Loke Meng - - 2013
AIM: The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy and safety of oral paricalcitol with oral calcitriol for treating secondary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: We conducted the first multicenter open-labelled parallel group randomised controlled trial in 66 patients on dialysis. Patients were randomized to paricalcitol or calcitriol at a 3:1 ...
Tang Xiaofeng - - 2013
In this study, we describe the quenching of electrochemiluminescence (ECL) of tris(2,2'-bipyridine)-ruthenium(II)(Ru(bpy)32+)/tri-n-propylamine(TPA) at pristine multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT) modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode. Even that the faradic current of Ru(bpy)32+/TPA system and the oxidation of TPA obtained at pristine MWNT-modified GC electrode is enhanced compared with those at bare GC ...
Lee B-J - - 2013
Two consecutive studies were conducted to evaluate the dietary supplementation of citrus by-products (CB) fermented with probiotic bacteria on growth performance, feed utilization, innate immune responses and disease resistance of juvenile olive flounder. In Experiment I, five diets were formulated to contain 0% (control) or 3% four different CB fermented ...
Voutsas Ioannis F - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2/neu) in breast cancer patients is a prerequisite for treatment with trastuzumab. In the present study, we demonstrate by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis that HER-2/neu gene amplification and chromosome 17 (CEP17) polysomy can be induced by irradiation in human ...
Yoshikawa Keiichi - - 2013
We report the identification of a physiological receptor-volatile pair in the mouse olfactory system. By activity-guided fractionation of exocrine gland extracts and subsequent chemical analysis, (Z)-5-tetradecen-1-ol was identified as a natural ligand for a mouse odorant receptor. (Z)-5-tetradecen-1-ol is excreted into male mouse urine under androgen control and enhances urine ...
Zambriski Jennifer A - - 2013
The objective was to describe the probability of Cryptosporidium parvum fecal oocyst shedding at different magnitudes of exposure, the pattern of fecal shedding over time, and factors affecting fecal shedding in dairy calves. Within the first 24 h of life, 36 calves were experimentally challenged with C. parvum oocysts at one ...
Zheng Qi - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is a common and highly lethal malignancy in the world, but its pathogenesis remains elusive. In this study, we focus on the biological functions of CDK-associated Cullin1 (CAC1), a novel gene of the cullin family, in gastric cancer, which may help us to further understand the ...
Farhath Sabeena - - 2013
Abstract: Objective: To study the relationship between pepsinogen/pepsin in a mouth swab and clinical gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in preterm infants. Methods: Preterm infants [birth weight (BW) ≤ 2000 grams] on full enteral feeds were enrolled. Mouth swabs from cheek and below the tongue were collected 1, 2 and 3 hours ...
Sun Xiaoyan - - 2013
Colloidal particles in water-lutidine (WL) binary liquid mixture experience temperature-dependent attraction close to the mixture's demixing temperature. This temperature-tunable interaction potentially can be harnessed to assemble colloids and grow colloidal crystals. In this paper, a novel attractive force gradient method, for the first time, is presented to fabricate high quality, ...
Anderton Ryan S - - 2013
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a devastating and often fatal neurodegenerative disease that affects spinal motor neurons and leads to progressive muscle wasting and paralysis. The survival of motor neuron (SMN) gene is mutated or deleted in most forms of SMA, which results in a critical reduction in SMN protein. ...
Evang Johan Arild - - 2013
Recently, correlations between corticotroph tumor dedifferentiation and both E-cadherin immunostaining and reduced mRNA expression of the E-cadherin gene (CDH1) have been demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to explore whether tumor dedifferentiation correlated with glucocorticoid resistance and whether the resistance was associated with both positively and negatively regulated genes. ...
Sirin Selma - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MRI without fat saturation has been recommended for assessment of retinoblastoma. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare diagnostic image quality without and with fat saturation following gadolinium administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-resolution gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted sequences with and without fat saturation performed in children with ...
Yanagawa Takao - - 2013
PURPOSE: Although erythropoietin (EPO) is known to express angiogenic and cardioprotective effects, it also induces hypertension, polycythemia, and platelet activation, which may cause serious adverse effects in patients with cardiovascular diseases. We compared the angiogenic effects of EPO and its nonerythropoietic derivative, asialo-EPO (AEPO). METHODS: Lower limb ischemia was induced ...
Lee Kyung-Hun - - 2013
PURPOSE: Ethnic diversity of genetic polymorphism can result in individual differences in the efficacy and toxicity of cancer chemotherapy. METHODS: We analyzed 20 germline polymorphisms in 10 genes (TS, MTHFR, ERCC1, XPD, XRCC1, ABCC2, AGXT, GSTP1, GSTT1 and GSTM1) from prospectively enrolled 292 Korean patients treated with adjuvant oxaliplatin plus ...
Beltramo Riccardo R Department of Neuroscience and Brain Technologies, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, - - 2013
In the absence of external stimuli, the mammalian neocortex shows intrinsic network oscillations. These dynamics are characterized by translaminar assemblies of neurons whose activity synchronizes rhythmically in space and time. How different cortical layers influence the formation of these spontaneous cellular assemblies is poorly understood. We found that excitatory neurons ...
Mueller Monika - - 2013
Proteins like immunoglobulin (IgGs) are prone to degradation by a variety of pathways. In this study, a stabilizing formulation for long-term storage of a panel of seven monoclonal IgGs was found using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). In the chosen formulations, the IgGs were subjected to stress, accelerated and real-time storage, ...
Humbeck Klaus - - 2013
Leaf senescence is regulated through a complex regulatory network triggered by internal and external signals for the reprogramming of gene expression. In plants, the major developmental phase transitions and stress responses are under epigenetic control. In this review, the underlying molecular mechanisms are briefly discussed and evidence is shown that ...
Antonarakis Emmanuel S ES Prostate Cancer Research Program, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, 1650 Orleans Street, CRB1-1M45, Baltimore, MD 21231-1000, USA. - - 2013
KX2-391 is an oral non-ATP-competitive inhibitor of Src kinase and tubulin polymerization. In phase 1 trials, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) declines were seen in patients with advanced prostate cancer. We conducted a single-arm phase 2 study evaluating KX2-391 in men with chemotherapy-naïve bone-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We treated 31 patients ...
Ryu J-K - - 2013
A prerequisite for the successful clinical application of gene therapy in erectile dysfunction (ED) is the availability of safe and efficient gene delivery systems. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of guanidinylated bioreducible polymer (GBP) polyplexes for gene delivery systems, which take advantage of the biodegradability ...
D Joseph Marlon - - 2013
Trinidad and Tobago (TT) experiences the highest breast cancer mortality in the Caribbean; the distribution of traditional breast cancer risk factors in this population has not been analyzed. Data on women who underwent breast cancer screening at the TT Cancer Society between January 2009-December 2011(N = 2,689) were retrospectively collected. The screening ...
Jonusiene Violeta - - 2013
Notch signaling pathway is a highly conserved developmental pathway, which plays an important role in the regulation of cellular proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Deregulation of Notch pathway has been connected with the carcinogenesis in a variety of cancers. In this study, we investigated the expression of Notch receptors (NOTCH1, NOTCH2, ...
Buck Katharina - - 2013
Overexpression of CD24 has a negative impact on breast cancer prognosis. We have recently reported that the CD24 codon 57 Val/Val genotype (rs52812045) is associated with pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for primary breast cancer and correlates with intratumoral lymphocyte infiltrates. This study was performed to investigate the influence ...
Domagalski K - - 2013
IL-28B polymorphisms are predictors of response to therapy in adults infected with hepatitis C. We do not know whether they are markers of response to therapy in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-28B gene could influence the probability ...
Pastuszak A W - - 2013
The question remains as to whether or not men would agree to posthumous sperm use for pregnancy initiation. Often, these individuals' lives are suddenly interrupted and prior consent is rarely given. Therefore, post-mortem retrieval or use of these spermatozoa remains controversial and the incidence of consent for post-mortem sperm use ...
Gomez Delphine D Robert M. Berne Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia, - - 2013
Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays have contributed greatly to our understanding of the role of histone modifications in gene regulation. However, they do not permit analysis with single-cell resolution, thus confounding analyses of heterogeneous cell populations. Here we present a method that permits visualization of histone modifications of single genomic loci with ...
Hietala K - - 2013
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: This study aimed to investigate whether variation in long-term glycaemia in type 1 diabetes as measured by HbA(1c) variability is associated with the cumulative incidence and risk of retinopathy requiring laser treatment. METHODS: The effect of HbA(1c) variability was assessed in 2,019 Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy (FinnDiane) study patients. The ...
Thun Gian Andri - - 2013
Objective. The molecular mechanisms underlying the association between obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) and asthma are poorly understood. Since shifts in the fate of bronchial cells due to low-grade systemic inflammation may provide a possible explanation, we investigated whether two of the best documented functional variants in cell cycle control genes modify the ...
Owens Daniel K - - 2013
Leptospermone is a natural β-triketone that specifically inhibits the enzyme p-hydrophyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase, the same molecular target site as that of the commercial herbicide mesotrione. The β-triketone-rich essential oil of Leptospermum scoparium has both preemergence and postemergence herbicidal activity, resulting in bleaching of treated plants and dramatic growth reduction. Radiolabeled leptospermone ...
Umene Kenichi - - 2013
"Natto", considered a traditional food, is made by fermenting boiled soybeans with Bacillus subtilis (natto), which is a natto-producing strain related to B. subtilis. The production of natto is disrupted by phage infections of B. subtilis (natto); hence, it is necessary to control phage infections. PM1, a phage of B. ...
Castro-Puyana María - - 2013
A novel experimental design was used to optimize the extraction of carotenoids from Neochloris oleoabundans using pressurized liquid extraction with food-grade solvents such as ethanol and limonene. Experimental factors, including the extraction temperature and the solvent composition, were optimized using a three-level factorial design. The response variables extraction yield and ...
Lachnit Tim - - 2013
The macroalga Fucus vesiculosus carries a specific community of surface bacteria. To identify chemical compounds that possibly mediate abundance and community composition of algae-associated bacteria, we tested the effect of surface-available algal compounds on bacterial settlement and community composition under field conditions. Compounds on algal thalli were separated from the ...
Matsuzawa Tomohiko - - 2013
Fission yeast flocculates non-sexually by induction of the flocculin encoded by gsf2(+) which is controlled by the positive regulator Mbx2. Here we report a novel gene designated gsf1(+) found to be a negative regulator of non-sexual flocculation. We identified gsf1(+) as a multicopy suppressor of a sam2 mutation, which caused ...
Byrnes John J JJ Department of Biomedical Sciences, Tufts University Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA. - - 2013
The use and misuse of prescription opiates in adolescent populations, and in particular, adolescent female populations, has increased dramatically in the past two decades. Given the significant role that opioids play in neuroendocrine function, exposure to opiates during this critical developmental period could have significant consequences for the female, as ...
Hannemann A - - 2013
Research in the last decade has revealed that bone is not only a target tissue for numerous circulating hormones but functions as an endocrine organ itself. As a recent study demonstrated a stimulatory effect of the osteoblast-derived hormone osteocalcin (OCN) on testosterone production in mice, we investigated whether such an ...
Liu Feng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To explore the predictive factors of cardiorespiratory abnormality in nonsedated patients at high altitude (HA) during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE). METHODS: The pulse and saturated oxygen (SaO(2)) levels of 993 patients undergoing nonsedated UGIE in Tibet were monitored. Bivariate correlation and logistic regression were used to identify predictive risk ...
Isfort M - - 2013
In this article selected results of a descriptive study on personnel staffing and patient care in German intensive care units are presented and discussed. The main focus is on comparing features of personnel staffing with indicators of the job situation and patient care. The study is based on a standardized ...
Lv Yanni - - 2013
Nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC IIA, gene code: MYH9) plays a critical role in physiological and pathological functions. A homology model of NMMHC IIA was constructed based on the crystal structure of smooth muscle myosin II. Blebbistatin, a myosin II ATPase inhibitor, had been found to bind to NMMHC ...
Dygai A M - - 2013
The effects of nanotechnology (electron-beam) -PEGylated (or immobilized; Im) hyaluronidase (HD) on the state of the pool of bone marrow progenitor cells and their mobilization induced by granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) were studied. A high specific activity of the drug Im-HD on progenitor cells of different classes was demonstrated ...
Gerwick B Clifford - - 2013
A multiyear effort to identify new natural products was built on a hypothesis that both phytotoxins from plant pathogens and antimicrobial compounds might demonstrate herbicidal activity. The discovery of one such compound, mevalocidin, is described in the current report. Mevalocidin was discovered from static cultures of two unrelated fungal isolates ...
Dorantes Mendez Guadalupe - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to compare baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) following anesthesia induction via propofol to pre-induction baseline values through a systematic and mathematically robust analysis. Several mathematical methods for BRS quantification were applied to pre-operative and intra-operative data collected from patients undergoing major surgery, in order to track ...
Soares Giulliana Panfiglio - - 2013
This study evaluated the effect of polymerization mode and time and thermal and mechanical loading cycling (TMC) on microleakage in composite resin restorations. One hundred and eighty cavities were prepared and randomly divided according to the light curing time (20, 40, or 60 s), modes (quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH)-420 mW/cm(2), LED 2 (2nd degree ...
Damare Varada S - - 2013
The relationship of the marine heterokont stramenopilan protists, the aplanochytrids, with the zooplankton was studied in coastal waters. The aplanochytrids were fed to the zooplankton specimens and observed for grazing by two different approaches: [1] using fluorescently-labeled prey approach and [2] using internal transcribed spacer-based molecular probe and in situ ...
Hung Lien-Yu - - 2013
Ovarian cancer is the second most common of the gynecological cancers in Taiwan. It is challenging to diagnose at an early stage when proper treatment is the most effective. It is well recognized that the detection of tumor cells (TCs) is critical for determining cancer growth stages and may provide ...
Bhatnagar Shilpa - - 2013
Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant neoplasms all over the world. Smoking and a number of constituents of tobacco are responsible for development of lung tumours; however, the deleterious effects of tobacco-derived carcinogen, nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK)) remain unmatched. We report the development of a ...
Marchetti Serena - - 2013
We explored whether barasertib (AZD1152), a selective Aurora B kinase inhibitor, is a substrate for P-glycoprotein (Pgp, MDR1), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) in vitro. Cell survival, drug transport, and competition experiments with barasertib pro-drug and the more active form of the drug (barasertib-hQPA) ...
Saghrouni Fatma - - 2013
Candida albicans is one of the most medically important fungi because of its high frequency as a commensal and pathogenic microorganism causing superficial as well as invasive infections. Strain typing and delineation of the species are essential for understanding its biology, epidemiology and population structure. A wide range of molecular ...
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