Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 4439
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Moosang Kim - - 2013
Purpose: To evaluate frequency and severity of segmentation errors of two spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) devices and error effect on central macular thickness (CMT) measurements. Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven eyes of 25 patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration, examined using the Cirrus HD-OCT and Spectralis HRA + OCT, were ...
Morris R G M RG Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
Three experiments were conducted to contrast the hypothesis that hippocampal N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors participate directly in the mechanisms of hippocampus-dependent learning with an alternative view that apparent impairments of learning induced by NMDA receptor antagonists arise because of drug-induced neuropathological and/or sensorimotor disturbances. In experiment 1, rats given a chronic ...
Mensink G B M GB Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute, General-Pape-Strasse 64, DE-12101 Berlin, - - 2013
Achieving an understanding of the extent of micronutrient adequacy across Europe is a major challenge. The main objective of the present study was to collect and evaluate the prevalence of low micronutrient intakes of different European countries by comparing recent nationally representative dietary survey data from Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, ...
Weinborn Michael M School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia. - - 2013
Deficits in prospective memory (PM; i.e., enacting previously learned actions at the right occasion) and risky decision-making (i.e., making choices with a high chance of undesirable/dangerous outcomes) are both common among individuals with substance use disorders (SUD). Previous research has raised the possibility of a specific relationship between PM and ...
Paquette Julie - - 2013
AIMS: To determine the effect of a nurse telephone follow-up on paediatric post-tonsillectomy pain intensity, complications, and use of other healthcare services. BACKGROUND: After tonsillectomy, children experience moderate-to-severe pain for days. Parents tend to give insufficient analgesia, with resulting increases in pain and postoperative complications. In adults, nurse telephone follow-up ...
Shinoura Nobusada - - 2013
ABSTRACT The anatomic localization of brain functions can be characterized via diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in patients with brain tumors and neurologic symptoms. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the function of the ventral, arcuate fasciculus (AF) and the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF)-related language pathways using these ...
Naderi Sahar - - 2013
Community-based interventions (CBI) have been targeted as a potential means of tackling cardiovascular disease in women. However, there have been mixed results in terms of their impact on health, with at least some of this being attributed to high attrition rates. This study explores factors that may be contributing to ...
Paerl Hans W - - 2013
Cyanobacteria are the Earth's oldest oxygenic photoautotrophs and have had major impacts on shaping its biosphere. Their long evolutionary history (∼3.5 by) has enabled them to adapt to geochemical and climatic changes, and more recently anthropogenic modifications of aquatic environments, including nutrient over-enrichment (eutrophication), water diversions, withdrawals, and salinization. Many ...
Acharya Deepak - - 2013
Hemolysis is a potential complication of mitral valve repair. We report a case of hemolytic anemia after mitral valve repair successfully treated with re-repair, and review the literature on reoperation after failure of mitral valve repair with associated hemolysis.
Stafford Kristen A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Cancer survivors are at increased risk for influenza-related complications. Racial disparities in preventive health services have not been extensively studied among cancer survivors. Our objective is to compare influenza vaccination prevalence among black and white cancer survivors METHODS: We performed a secondary data analysis of 41,346 white and black ...
Dileep Kalarickal Vijayan - - 2013
Phospholipase A2 (PLA(2)) is one of the key enzymes involved in the formation of inflammatory mediators. Inhibition of PLA(2) is considered to be one of the efficient methods to control inflammation. In silico docking studies of 160 selected indole derivatives performed against porcine pancreatic PLA(2) (ppsPLA(2)) suggested that, CID2324681, CID8617 ...
Yoneyama Takeshi - - 2013
Purpose For the application of less invasive robotic neurosurgery to the resection of deep-seated tumors, a prototype system of a force-detecting gripper with a flexible micromanipulator and force feedback to the operating unit will be developed. Methods Gripping force applied on the gripper is detected by strain gauges attached to ...
Long Mei-Rong - - 2013
A novel Gram-negative, aerobic, slightly halophilic, yellow-pigmented, oxidase-negative, Voges-Proskauer positive, non-spore-forming bacterium, designated YIM M 13059(T), was isolated from a sediment sample collected from the South China Sea at a depth of 310 m. Optimal growth was found to occur at 28-30 °C, pH 7.0 and in the presence of 3-4 % (w/v) ...
Tateishi Kazunari - - 2013
The clinical efficacy and outcomes of gefitinib therapy as a first-line treatment for elderly patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations were analyzed retrospectively. We analyzed chemotherapy-naïve NSCLC patients aged 75 years or older who had EGFR mutations (exon 19 deletion mutation or L858R), who ...
Li Tao - - 2013
The folding of various intra- and intermolecular i-motif DNAs is systematically studied to expand the toolbox for the control of mechanical operations in DNA-nanoarchitectures. We analyzed i-motif DNAs under acidic conditions by gel electrophoresis, circular dichroism, and thermal denaturation and show that their intra- versus intermolecular folding primarily depends on ...
Damare Varada S - - 2013
The relationship of the marine heterokont stramenopilan protists, the aplanochytrids, with the zooplankton was studied in coastal waters. The aplanochytrids were fed to the zooplankton specimens and observed for grazing by two different approaches: [1] using fluorescently-labeled prey approach and [2] using internal transcribed spacer-based molecular probe and in situ ...
Hung Lien-Yu - - 2013
Ovarian cancer is the second most common of the gynecological cancers in Taiwan. It is challenging to diagnose at an early stage when proper treatment is the most effective. It is well recognized that the detection of tumor cells (TCs) is critical for determining cancer growth stages and may provide ...
Bhatnagar Shilpa - - 2013
Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant neoplasms all over the world. Smoking and a number of constituents of tobacco are responsible for development of lung tumours; however, the deleterious effects of tobacco-derived carcinogen, nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK)) remain unmatched. We report the development of a ...
Marchetti Serena - - 2013
We explored whether barasertib (AZD1152), a selective Aurora B kinase inhibitor, is a substrate for P-glycoprotein (Pgp, MDR1), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) in vitro. Cell survival, drug transport, and competition experiments with barasertib pro-drug and the more active form of the drug (barasertib-hQPA) ...
Morris Cyllene R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Borderline ovarian tumors (BOT) became no longer reportable in 2001, and few registries still collect information on these still poorly understood tumors. This study's objective was to describe epidemiologic features, trends, and survival of BOTs compared with those of low-grade (LG) and high-grade (HG) epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in ...
Boubriak Olga A - - 2013
The intervertebral disc is an avascular tissue, maintained by a small population of cells that obtain nutrients mainly by diffusion from capillaries at the disc-vertebral body interface. Loss of this nutrient supply is thought to lead to disc degeneration, but how nutrient supply influences viable cell density is unclear. We ...
Mändar R - - 2013
Human semen has undoubtedly significant influence on the organism of the female counterpart. At the same time there are no studies in English literature investigating the influence of sexual intercourse on oxidative stress level in women's organism. Seventeen infertile couples where male partners were with (n = 5) or without (n = 12) leucocytospermia ...
Kostanjšek Rok - - 2013
The Vjetrenica cave in the Dinaric Karst hosts a worldwide extraordinarily high cave biodiversity. Beside a diverse and specialized cave fauna, sprout-like formations attached to the bed of the cave stream were observed and described, but not further characterized, almost a century ago. Here we investigated these sprout-like microbial aggregates ...
Haefner Ralf M - - 2013
The activity of cortical neurons in sensory areas covaries with perceptual decisions, a relationship that is often quantified by choice probabilities. Although choice probabilities have been measured extensively, their interpretation has remained fraught with difficulty. We derive the mathematical relationship between choice probabilities, read-out weights and correlated variability in the ...
PetÅ™íková Alena - - 2013
To investigate the burden of ankylosing spondylitis in the Czech Republic as a baseline for future health economic evaluations. Data were obtained from two cross-sectional studies Beda I (2005) and Beda II (2008), performed in 1,008 and 509 patients, respectively. Methodology used was Cost-of-Illness prevalence-based analysis bottom-up approach. Analysis was ...
Soares Susana - - 2013
Bitterness is a major sensory attribute of several common foods and beverages rich in polyphenol compounds. These compounds are reported as very important for health as chemopreventive compounds but they are also known to taste bitter. So, in this work, the activation of the human bitter taste receptors, TAS2Rs, by ...
Chalmel F - - 2013
The SOX8 and SOX9 transcription factors are involved in, among others, sex differentiation, male gonad development and adult maintenance of spermatogenesis. Sox8(-/-) mice lacking Sox9 in Sertoli cells fail to form testis cords and cannot establish spermatogenesis. Although genetic and histological data show an important role for these transcription factors ...
Lim Lee Guan - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine (1) the diagnostic yield for endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in patients with pancreatic cystic lesions, (2) additional value of EUS-FNA over EUS alone in the diagnosis of pancreatic cysts, and (3) diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of EUS ...
Ozawa Mio - - 2013
AIM: To describe current neonatal pain management, and individual and organizational factors that can improve neonatal pain practice from the viewpoints of both head nurses and head neonatologists in Japan. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was sent to general perinatal maternal and child medical centers which had level 3 units across ...
Patrone Vania - - 2013
Campylobacter jejuni is a major gastrointestinal pathogen that colonizes host mucosa via interactions with extracellular matrix proteins such as fibronectin. The aim of this work was to study in vitro the adhesive properties of C. jejuni ATCC 33291 and C. jejuni 241 strains, in both culturable and viable but non-culturable ...
Kivel Niko - - 2013
In many scientific fields, the half-life of radionuclides plays an important role. The accurate knowledge of this parameter has direct impact on, e.g., age determination of archeological artifacts and of the elemental synthesis in the universe. In order to derive the half-life of a long-lived radionuclide, the activity and the ...
Lap C C M M - - 2013
Abstract: Complete liver herniation in abdominal wall defects without a membrane is rare and its prognosis is not well documented. We present a case diagnosed at 12 weeks of gestation. At 27 weeks a C-section was performed for fetal distress. The infant proved impossible to ventilate and died. In literature ...
Lew Lee-Ching - - 2013
Probiotics have been extensively reviewed for decades, emphasizing on improving general gut health. Recently, more studies showed that probiotics may exert other health promoting effects beyond gut well-being, attributed to the rise of the gut-brain-axis correlations. Some of these new benefits include skin health such as improving atopic eczema, atopic ...
Ristola Marko Tapani - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for imaging studies in children under the age of three with first urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS: In our cohort of 112 patients, we gathered data regarding the ...
Namdari Surena - - 2013
We conducted a systematic review of the literature on the use of both resorbable and non-resorbable cement as an adjunct to internal fixation of intertrochanteric hip fractures. Two reviewers independently assessed the methodological quality and extracted relevant data from each included study. In cases in which the outcomes data were ...
You Minsheng - - 2013
How an insect evolves to become a successful herbivore is of profound biological and practical importance. Herbivores are often adapted to feed on a specific group of evolutionarily and biochemically related host plants, but the genetic and molecular bases for adaptation to plant defense compounds remain poorly understood. We report ...
Buizer-Voskamp Jacobine E - - 2013
Genomic copy number variations (CNVs) and increased parental age are both associated with the risk to develop a variety of clinical neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. At the same time, it has been shown that the rate of transmitted de novo single nucleotide mutations is increased ...
Li Quan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ventricular diverticulum (VD) is a rare cardiac malformation. The surgical indications for VD remain controversial. This review is designed to determine the demographic characteristics, diagnosis, and surgical indications of this disease. METHODS: Using PubMed and the Chinese electronic databases CNKI, WANFANG, and VIP, a computerized search was performed of ...
Mitsui Retsu - - 2013
The morphological characteristics of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and their innervation of the suburothelial microvasculature of the mouse bladder were investigated by immunohistochemistry. Whole mount bladder mucosal preparations were immune-stained for α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and/or neuronal markers and examined using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Suburothelial arterioles consisted of α-SMA-immunopositive ...
Okusanya Bo - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To assess the maternal mortality ratio from data collected as maternal deaths occurred over a four-year period. Methods: A Departmental data-base established in 2008 was used to keep data on deliveries and maternal deaths as they occurred. The causes of death were decided after a meeting reviewed the ...
Atasay Begum - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Failure of adequate and timely clearance of fetal lung fluid has been implicated in transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). There has been lack of human data on the association between endocrinological adaptation and fetal lung fluid clearance. Although TTN development in term or late preterm newborns delivered ...
Sterner Teresa R - - 2013
Multiple oximes have been synthesized and evaluated for use as countermeasures against chemical warfare nerve agents. The current U.S. military and civilian oxime countermeasure, 2-[(hydroxyimino)methyl]-1-methylpyridin-1-ium chloride (2-PAM), is under consideration for replacement with a more effective acetylcholinesterase reactivator, 1,1'-methylenebis{4-hydroxyiminomethyl}pyridinium dimethanesulfonate (MMB-4). Kinetic data in the scientific literature for MMB-4 are ...
Elmoslemany A - - 2013
Sea lice audits were performed by the Atlantic Veterinary College on commercial aquaculture sites in New Brunswick, Canada, in 2011. Although the primary objective was to verify that farms were reporting similar lice counts to third-party counts, more detailed comparisons were made to identify when lice counts were more likely ...
Adzic Aleksandar - - 2013
Left ventricular assist devices have been proven to be superior to medical therapy for advanced heart failure patients awaiting heart transplantation and viable alternatives to transplantation for destination therapy patients. Improvements in the design of ventricular assist devices have been rewarded by a decrease in adverse events and an increase ...
Lo Celia C - - 2013
Often considered to fare better than White Americans in terms of mental health, African-Americans are nevertheless more vulnerable to chronic, persistent conditions should they become mentally ill, the literature suggests. The present study used data from the 2009 National Health Interview Survey to examine race differences in the prevalence rates ...
Islam Ahmet - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) in patients with benign and malignant vocal fold pathologies. This was a prospective clinical study conducted at a tertiary-care academic medical center. Fifty consecutive patients who had undergone microlaryngoscopy between August 2007 and July 2009 were ...
Masuda Toshiya - - 2013
Effects of various plant phenolics, including polyphenols, on the oxidation of oxymyoglobin were investigated. Most phenolics promoted the oxidation of oxymyoglobin at both pH 5.4 and 7.4. Potent oxidation-promoting activity was observed by several efficient antioxidant polyphenols with a catechol moiety. Therefore, effects of the catechol structure were investigated using ...
Grugni Graziano - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A high prevalence (60%) of central adrenal insufficiency (CAI) has been reported in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) using the metyrapone test. We have assessed CAI in adults with PWS using the low-dose short synacthen test (LDSST). DESIGN: Basal cortisol and ACTH, and 30 minute cortisol after the administration of 1 ...
Lotti F - - 2013
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a diagnostic category which identifies subjects at high risk for diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, erectile dysfunction (ED) and male hypogonadism. However, MetS impact on male infertility has been poorly studied. We systematically evaluated possible associations between MetS and clinical characteristics in men with couple infertility. Out ...
Feng Xueling - - 2013
Poly(ferrocenyl(3-bromopropyl)methylsilane) and poly(ethylene imine) are employed in a layer-by-layer deposition process to form covalently connected, redox-active multilayer thin films by means of an amine alkylation reaction. The stepwise buildup of these multilayers on silicon, ITO and quartz substrates was monitored by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), static ...
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