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Results 301 - 350 of 4440
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Sahin Kazim - - 2013
To evaluate the action mode of Berberis vulgaris root extract in the alleviation of oxidative stress, female Japanese quails (n 180, aged 5 weeks) were reared, either at 22°C for 24 h/d (thermoneutral, TN) or 34°C for 8 h/d (heat stress, HS), and fed one of three diets: diets containing 0, 100 ...
Sheehy C - - 2013
Objectives: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) suffer progressive loss of hand function and have weaker hand grip than the healthy population. In this study we aimed to validate hand grip strength standardized by age and gender (z score) against currently accepted clinical measures of disease activity. Method: Electronic records of ...
Xu Kailin - - 2013
A highly efficient, simple and rapid method, injection-ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction based on using low-density organic solvents followed by high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection, was developed for the determination of trace level pyrethroids in water samples. Various parameters influencing the extraction efficiency, such as type of extractant, extractant volume, ultrasonic time, centrifugation ...
Ruiz-Tovar Jaime - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for achieving a significant weight loss. Morbidities present a significant reduction after bariatric surgery, but it may also result in several health complications, related to nutritional deficiencies, including bone metabolism. Several studies have reported a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD), but ...
Li Jingyi J Department of Rheumatology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, - - 2013
MicroRNA (miRNA)-mediated gene silencing at the translational level has led to novel discoveries for numerous biological processes. Recently, there has been increasing evidence to indicate that miRNAs are involved in normal immune functions and inflammation. In this review, we focus on recent advances that have elucidated the role of miRNAs ...
Ostergaard Peter Friis - - 2013
Nanochannel technology, coupled with a suitable DNA labeling chemistry, is a powerful approach for performing high-throughput single-molecule mapping of genomes. Yet so far nanochannel technology has remained inaccessible to the broader research community due to high fabrication cost and/or requirement of specialized facilities/skill-sets. In this article we show that nanochannel-based ...
Korobov Mikhail V - - 2013
Detonation nanodiamond (ND) is a suitable source material to produce unique samples consisting of almost uniform diamond nanocrystals (d = 3-5 nm). Such samples exist in the form of long stable aqueous dispersions with narrow size distribution of diamond particles. The material is finding ever increasing application in biomedicine. The ...
Gooberman-Hill Rachael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Service users are increasingly involved in the design of clinical trials and in product and device development. Service user involvement in placebo development is crucial to a credible and acceptable placebo for clinical trials, but such involvement has not yet been reported. AIMS: To enhance the design of a ...
Nanda Geeta - - 2013
Summary This paper explores the hypothesis that gender attitude scales (which measure the degree of equity in gender attitudes) are associated with contraceptive use. Four hundred male and female respondents (200 couples) were interviewed using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire. Analyses included comparisons of means and prevalence rates on gender equity ...
Cook Lori G - - 2013
For this pilot study, we compared performance of 15 adolescents with moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) to that of 13 typically developing (TD) adolescents in predicting social actions and consequences for avatars in a virtual microworld environment faced with dilemmas involving legal or moral infractions. Performance was analyzed in relation ...
Kaiho Yasuhiro - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy is a major complication affecting postoperative quality of life. For early recovery from postoperative erectile dysfunction, attention has focused on penile rehabilitation using vacuum devices, prostaglandin E1 injection into the corpus cavernosum of the penis or transurethral administration, and oral drugs such as phosphodiesterase type ...
Wu Shan - - 2013
The promise of aromatic, amorphous, polar polymers containing high dipolar moments with very low defect levels is demonstrated for future dielectric materials with ultrahigh electric-energy density, low loss at high applied fields, and ultrahigh breakdown strengths. Specifically, aromatic polythiourea films exhibit an ultrahigh breakdown field (>1 GV m(-1) ), which ...
Decat Peter - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Adolescents in Latin America are at high risk for unwanted and unplanned pregnancies, which often result in unsafe abortions or poor maternal health outcomes. Both young men and women in the region face an increased risk of sexually transmitted infections due to inadequate sexual and reproductive health information, ...
Batalla Albert - - 2013
Neuroimaging studies have shown that chronic consumption of cannabis may result in alterations in brain morphology. Recent work focusing on the relationship between brain structure and the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphism suggests that functional COMT variants may affect brain volume in healthy individuals and in schizophrenia patients. We measured the ...
Maruthappu Mahiben - - 2013
Abstract Political analysis can enrich our understanding of the interface between health and society. Here, a theoretical framework called 'the biomarket' is proposed, one that describes the interaction between life, power and the market, and the progressive institutionalisation of this dynamic by state actors. This framework expands upon 'biopower', a ...
Cho Hyejin - - 2013
The reduction of unprotected indoles and quinolines is described using water as a hydrogen source. The method is based on the application of a RANEY® type Ni-Al alloy in an aqueous medium. During the reaction the Al content of the alloy, used as reductants, reacts with water in situ providing ...
Yang Yan - - 2013
A highly efficient method for the direct synthesis of α-iodoketals from methyl ketones has been developed via sustainable integration of orthogonal tandem catalytic reactions: copper(ii) oxide catalyzed iodination reaction and the subsequent excess or regenerated iodine catalyzed regioselective ketalization reaction.
Wille Sebastian - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of the analysis was to measure the pressure-flow urodynamic changes following GreenLight(™) laser vaporization of the prostate based on pressure-flow studies. Material and methods. Sixty-two patients suffering from voiding dysfunction due to lower urinary tract symptoms underwent potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser vaporization. A pressure-flow study ...
Tendais Iva - - 2013
Fetal movements and fetal heart rate (FHR) are well-established markers of fetal well-being and maturation of the fetal central nervous system. The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss the available knowledge on fetal movements and heart rate patterns in twin pregnancies. There is some evidence for an ...
Li Yuan-Yuan - - 2013
MdCRY2 was isolated from apple fruit skin, and its function was analyzed in MdCRY2 transgenic Arabidopsis. The interaction between MdCRY2 and AtCOP1 was found by yeast two-hybrid and BiFC assays. Cryptochromes are blue/ultraviolet-A (UV-A) light receptors involved in regulating various aspects of plant growth and development. Investigations of the structure ...
Chmielecki Juliann J Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal tumors. Here, we describe the identification of a NAB2-STAT6 fusion from whole-exome sequencing of 17 SFTs. Analysis in 53 tumors confirmed the presence of 7 variants of this fusion transcript in 29 tumors (55%), representing a lower bound for fusion frequency at this ...
Forer Arthur - - 2013
Univalent sex chromosomes in crane-fly spermatocytes have kinetochore spindle fibres to each spindle pole (amphitelic orientation) from metaphase throughout anaphase. The univalents segregate in anaphase only after the autosomes approach the poles. As each univalent moves in anaphase, one spindle fibre shortens and the other spindle fibre elongates. To test ...
Hechtman Jaclyn Frances - - 2013
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors of the main pancreatic duct are rare and usually small due to symptoms of pancreatic duct obstruction. We present a case of a large (3 cm), well-differentiated (G1) lipid-rich polypoid neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas completely occluding the main pancreatic duct with non-neoplastic-entrapped ductules and CK19 positivity. Clinical, ...
Lyons Nicholas A NA Department of Physiology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, - - 2013
Sister-chromatid cohesion is established during S phase when Eco1 acetylates cohesin. In budding yeast, Eco1 activity falls after S phase due to Cdk1-dependent phosphorylation, which triggers ubiquitination by SCF(Cdc4). We show here that Eco1 degradation requires the sequential actions of Cdk1 and two additional kinases, Cdc7-Dbf4 and the GSK-3 homolog ...
Tripathi Madhavi - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) has been used to identify characteristic patterns of regional glucose metabolism in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) and the atypical parkinsonian syndromes of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), multiple system atrophy (MSA), and corticobasal syndrome (CBS). We undertook this study ...
Bianchi Giacomo - - 2013
We present a case of early degeneration of a bioprosthesis in the mitral position three years after implantation. Valve explantation revealed complete neo-intima formation and complete fusion of one commissure due to papillary muscle and chordae tendineae embedding in the bioprosthetic leaflets.
Trenholm Stuart S Department of Biology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, - - 2013
Moving objects can cover large distances while they are processed by the eye, usually resulting in a spatially lagged retinal response. We identified a network of electrically coupled motion-coding neurons in mouse retina that act collectively to register the leading edges of moving objects at a nearly constant spatial location, ...
Ramos-Monroy O - - 2013
The main objective of this work was to evaluate the operational stability of a laboratory-scale aerobic biobarrier designed for the treatment of water contaminated by mixtures of three herbicides frequently found in agricultural runoffs, atrazine, simazine and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). The microbial consortium used to degrade the herbicides was composed ...
Tateishi Kazunari - - 2013
The clinical efficacy and outcomes of gefitinib therapy as a first-line treatment for elderly patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations were analyzed retrospectively. We analyzed chemotherapy-naïve NSCLC patients aged 75 years or older who had EGFR mutations (exon 19 deletion mutation or L858R), who ...
Li Tao - - 2013
The folding of various intra- and intermolecular i-motif DNAs is systematically studied to expand the toolbox for the control of mechanical operations in DNA-nanoarchitectures. We analyzed i-motif DNAs under acidic conditions by gel electrophoresis, circular dichroism, and thermal denaturation and show that their intra- versus intermolecular folding primarily depends on ...
Marseille Elliot - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with elevated risks of perinatal complications and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and screening and intervention can reduce these risks. We quantified the cost, health impact, and cost-effectiveness of GDM screening and intervention in India and Israel, settings with contrasting epidemiologic and cost ...
Jasim Sina - - 2013
Abstract Granulomatous myopathy is an uncommon skeletal muscles disorder. It can develop in association with other granuloma-forming diseases and is then considered a secondary myopathy or, less frequently, a primary disorder for which no etiology is identified. Studies of granulomatous myopathies have focused on examining the differences between primary and ...
Gora Michalina J MJ Wellman Center for Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Here we introduce tethered capsule endomicroscopy, which involves swallowing an optomechanically engineered pill that captures cross-sectional microscopic images of the gut wall at 30 μm (lateral) × 7 μm (axial) resolution as it travels through the digestive tract. Results in human subjects show that this technique rapidly provides three-dimensional, microstructural ...
Manto Mario - - 2013
Although considerable progress has been made in developing models of cerebellar function in sensorimotor control, the exact nature of the basic operations performed by the cerebellum remain elusive. Several major theories have emerged these last decades. According to the hypothesis of Marr and Albus, the climbing fiber input carries an ...
Quirié Aurore - - 2013
Because arginase and nitric oxide (NO) synthases (NOS) compete to degrade l-arginine, arginase plays a crucial role in the modulation of NO production. Moreover, the arginase 1 isoform is a marker of M2 phenotype macrophages that play a key role in tissue remodeling and resolution of inflammation. While NO has ...
Schackert Gabriele - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Metastases are the most frequent tumours in the brain. At the time of diagnosis, more than 50% of patients present with multiple lesions. The goal of our retrospective investigation was to evaluate the outcome of patients who undergo surgery for multiple cerebral metastases and to determine prognostic factors. METHODS: ...
Ganeshan Veena V Center for Neural Development and Disease, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2013
Neuroblastoma is a common, frequently fatal, neural crest tumor of childhood. Chemotherapy-resistant neuroblastoma cells typically have Schwann cell-like ("S-type") morphology and express the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR). p75NTR has been previously shown to modulate the redox state of neural crest tumor cells. We, therefore, hypothesized that p75NTR expression level would ...
Krontiras Helen - - 2013
OPINION STATEMENT: Breast cancer is a complex, heterogeneous disease. Approximately 230,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States each year and approximately 40,000 women die each year with breast cancer. Although prevention of the disease would be preferred, no real prospects are available in the near future ...
Ashkani S - - 2013
Malaysian rice, Pongsu Seribu 2, has wide-spectrum resistance against blast disease. Chromosomal locations conferring quantitative resistance were detected by linkage mapping with SSRs and quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis. For the mapping population, 188 F(3) families were derived from a cross between the susceptible cultivar, Mahsuri, and a resistant variety, ...
Pang Iris K - - 2013
Immune responses to vaccines require direct recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) through pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) on dendritic cells (DCs). Unlike vaccination, infection by a live pathogen often impairs DC function and inflicts additional damage on the host. Here we found that after infection with live influenza A virus, signaling ...
He Jin - - 2013
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common human genetic disease, affecting millions of people worldwide. The progressive growth of cysts in kidneys eventually leads to renal failure in 50 % of patients, and there is currently no effective treatment. Various murine models have been studied to elucidate the disease ...
Morris Cyllene R - - 2013
PURPOSE: Borderline ovarian tumors (BOT) became no longer reportable in 2001, and few registries still collect information on these still poorly understood tumors. This study's objective was to describe epidemiologic features, trends, and survival of BOTs compared with those of low-grade (LG) and high-grade (HG) epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in ...
Boubriak Olga A - - 2013
The intervertebral disc is an avascular tissue, maintained by a small population of cells that obtain nutrients mainly by diffusion from capillaries at the disc-vertebral body interface. Loss of this nutrient supply is thought to lead to disc degeneration, but how nutrient supply influences viable cell density is unclear. We ...
Jiang Fei F Department of Biostatistics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
We propose a class of phase II clinical trial designs with sequential stopping and adaptive treatment allocation to evaluate treatment efficacy. Our work is based on two-arm (control and experimental treatment) designs with binary endpoints. Our overall goal is to construct more efficient and ethical randomized phase II trials by ...
Nars A - - 2013
A fully acetylated, soluble CO preparation of mean DP of ca. 7 was perceived with high sensitivity by M. truncatula in a newly designed versatile root elicitation assay. The root system of legume plants interacts with a large variety of microorganisms, either pathogenic or symbiotic. Understanding how legumes recognize and ...
Mändar R - - 2013
Human semen has undoubtedly significant influence on the organism of the female counterpart. At the same time there are no studies in English literature investigating the influence of sexual intercourse on oxidative stress level in women's organism. Seventeen infertile couples where male partners were with (n = 5) or without (n = 12) leucocytospermia ...
Kostanjšek Rok - - 2013
The Vjetrenica cave in the Dinaric Karst hosts a worldwide extraordinarily high cave biodiversity. Beside a diverse and specialized cave fauna, sprout-like formations attached to the bed of the cave stream were observed and described, but not further characterized, almost a century ago. Here we investigated these sprout-like microbial aggregates ...
Haefner Ralf M - - 2013
The activity of cortical neurons in sensory areas covaries with perceptual decisions, a relationship that is often quantified by choice probabilities. Although choice probabilities have been measured extensively, their interpretation has remained fraught with difficulty. We derive the mathematical relationship between choice probabilities, read-out weights and correlated variability in the ...
Cousens Nicole E - - 2013
Tests for haemoglobinopathy carrier status are the commonest genetic screening tests undertaken internationally. Carrier screening for β-thalassaemia is not coordinated in Victoria, Australia, and is instead incorporated into routine practice where most women are screened antenatally, through a full blood examination (FBE). Little is known about how women are screened ...
Petříková Alena - - 2013
To investigate the burden of ankylosing spondylitis in the Czech Republic as a baseline for future health economic evaluations. Data were obtained from two cross-sectional studies Beda I (2005) and Beda II (2008), performed in 1,008 and 509 patients, respectively. Methodology used was Cost-of-Illness prevalence-based analysis bottom-up approach. Analysis was ...
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