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Lødrup Anders Bergh - - 2013
Abstract Introduction. While the physiological existence of rebound acid hypersecretion (RAHS) after withdrawal of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) therapy is established, the clinical implications are less certain. It has been speculated that a clinical relevant rebound phenomenon may be responsible for difficulties in getting off acid-suppressive medication and partly explain ...
Korobov Mikhail V - - 2013
Detonation nanodiamond (ND) is a suitable source material to produce unique samples consisting of almost uniform diamond nanocrystals (d = 3-5 nm). Such samples exist in the form of long stable aqueous dispersions with narrow size distribution of diamond particles. The material is finding ever increasing application in biomedicine. The ...
Ehret David - - 2013
A two-year study of antioxidants in greenhouse tomato was conducted. Plants were treated continuously with nutrient solution electrical conductivities (EC) of 2, 4, or 6 dS m-1. Increasing EC reduced yield per plant and fruit size. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), lutein, β-carotene, lycopene and vitamin C concentrations were evaluated ...
Scarlata Simone - - 2013
AIM: Restrictive lung dysfunction (RLD; defined as reduced forced vital capacity [FVC] in the presence of normal forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1]/FVC ratio) is highly prevalent in the elderly, and is associated with diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and abdominal obesity. The aim of this study was to assess the ...
Smith Joanna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Living with a child with a long-term condition can result in challenges above usual parenting because of illness-specific demands. A critical evaluation of research exploring parents' experiences of living with a child with a long-term condition is timely because international health policy advocates that patients with long-term conditions become ...
Batalla Albert - - 2013
Neuroimaging studies have shown that chronic consumption of cannabis may result in alterations in brain morphology. Recent work focusing on the relationship between brain structure and the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphism suggests that functional COMT variants may affect brain volume in healthy individuals and in schizophrenia patients. We measured the ...
Gupta Girish K - - 2013
Aim: A layer-by-layer matrix (LBL) comprising kaempferol (LBL-KEM) was prepared for improved osteogenic action. Materials & methods: The LBL-KEM consisted of alternate layers of sodium alginate and protamine sulfate, which were sequentially deposited on the preformed kaempferol (KEM)-loaded CaCO(3) core (CaCO(3)-KEM) by LBL self-assembly. The LBL matrix developed was evaluated ...
Shmulewitz D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) proposes aligning nicotine use disorder (NUD) criteria with those for other substances, by including the current DSM fourth edition (DSM-IV) nicotine dependence (ND) criteria, three abuse criteria (neglect roles, hazardous use, interpersonal problems) and craving. Although ...
Maruthappu Mahiben - - 2013
Abstract Political analysis can enrich our understanding of the interface between health and society. Here, a theoretical framework called 'the biomarket' is proposed, one that describes the interaction between life, power and the market, and the progressive institutionalisation of this dynamic by state actors. This framework expands upon 'biopower', a ...
Cho Hyejin - - 2013
The reduction of unprotected indoles and quinolines is described using water as a hydrogen source. The method is based on the application of a RANEY® type Ni-Al alloy in an aqueous medium. During the reaction the Al content of the alloy, used as reductants, reacts with water in situ providing ...
Yang Yan - - 2013
A highly efficient method for the direct synthesis of α-iodoketals from methyl ketones has been developed via sustainable integration of orthogonal tandem catalytic reactions: copper(ii) oxide catalyzed iodination reaction and the subsequent excess or regenerated iodine catalyzed regioselective ketalization reaction.
Wille Sebastian - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of the analysis was to measure the pressure-flow urodynamic changes following GreenLight(™) laser vaporization of the prostate based on pressure-flow studies. Material and methods. Sixty-two patients suffering from voiding dysfunction due to lower urinary tract symptoms underwent potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser vaporization. A pressure-flow study ...
Blom M - - 2013
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of cervical spine damage due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the long term and to investigate which disease-specific factors are related to this damage. Method: Patients with early RA from the Nijmegen inception cohort with 6 to 12 years of follow-up were included. Conventional radiographs ...
Fisher Anne G - - 2013
Abstract Background: Since the beginning of the occupational therapy profession, engagement in occupation has been valued as the primary therapeutic agent as well as the goal of intervention. While there are few today who would not support this idea, occupational therapists continue to struggle with implementing their beliefs through "what ...
Michel Stephan - - 2013
The central circadian pacemaker of the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) is a bilaterally symmetrical structure. Little is known about the physiological mechanisms underlying communication between the left and right SCN and yet the degree of synchronization between SCN neurons can have a critical impact on the properties of the circadian system. ...
Labonté Marie-Ève - - 2013
The present randomised parallel study assessed the impact of adding MUFA to a dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods on the intravascular kinetics of apoAI- and apoB-containing lipoproteins in subjects with dyslipidaemia. A sample of sixteen men and postmenopausal women consumed a run-in stabilisation diet for 4 weeks. Subjects were then ...
Bhargava Arpit - - 2013
Aim: The work attempts to overcome tumor-associated immune tolerance using a surface-modified solid lipid nanoparticle (SLNP) delivery system for dendritic cell (DC) immunotherapy. Materials & methods: Different formulations of SLNPs (SLNPs-alone, cationic-SLNPs and mannosylated-SLNPs) were prepared using tumor cell lysates. Prepared nanoparticles were characterized and their ability to activate DCs ...
Purkait Suvendu - - 2013
Cell cycle regulator genes are major target of mutation in many human malignancies including glioblastomas (GBMs). CDKN2A is one such tumor suppressor gene which encodes p16INK4a protein and serves as an inhibitor of cell cycle progression. Very few studies are available regarding the association of CDKN2A deletion with p16 protein ...
Zhou Na - - 2013
A simple and sensitive electrochemical assay strategy of stripping voltammetry for mercury ions (Hg(2+)) detection is described based on the synergistic effect between ionic liquid functionalized graphene oxide (GO-IL) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The AuNPs-GO-IL modified onto glassy carbon electrode (GCE) resulted in highly enhanced electron conductive nanostructured membrane and ...
Ferraço Renato - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution in mandibular free-end removable partial dentures (RPD) associated with FPD in the abutment teeth considering different inclinations of the residual ridge: (1) horizontal and (2) distal descending ridges and two designs of free-end RPD with different attachment ...
Gamal-Eldin Mona A - - 2013
The formations of host-guest complexes between cucurbit[7]uril and a series of N-substituted N-methylpiperidinium, N-methylpyrrolidinium, and N-methylmorpholinium cations in aqueous solution have been investigated using (1)H NMR spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Dications comprising the N-methylheterocyclic head groups, bridged by a decamethylene chain, form sequential 1 : 1 ([2]pseudorotaxanes) and 2 : 1 host-guest ...
Laurenius Anna - - 2013
There is a lack of prevalent data for dumping syndrome (DS) and methods discriminating between different symptoms of the DS. A self-assessment questionnaire, the Dumping Symptom Rating Scale (DSRS), was developed. The aim was to measure the severity and frequency of nine dumping symptoms and to evaluate the construct validity ...
Ivell Richard - - 2013
Maternal exposure to estrogenic xenobiotics or phthalates has been implicated in the distortion of early male reproductive development, referred to in humans as the testicular dysgenesis syndrome. It is not known, however, whether such early gestational and/or lactational exposure can influence the later adult-type Leydig cell phenotype. In this study, ...
Chen Hangjun - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra Sieb. and Zucc.) is a subtropical fruit native to China, with unique flavor, sweet and sour taste, and high nutrition and health values. The fruit is highly perishable and susceptible to mechanical injury, physiological deterioration and fungal decay once harvested. This study was ...
Hedelin Hans - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of the chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) among middle-aged men in a region with a temperate climate, i.e. a community in western Sweden. Material and methods. Men aged 40-69 years who, on the basis of postal invitation, ...
Jantscher-Krenn Evelyn - - 2013
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) are complex glycans that are highly abundant in human milk, but not in infant formula. Accumulating data, mostly from in vitro and animal studies, indicate that HMO benefit the breast-fed infant in multiple ways and in different target organs. In vitro incubation studies suggest that HMO ...
Gomes Catarina - - 2013
Gastric cancer is preceded by a carcinogenesis pathway which includes gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori infection, chronic atrophic gastritis that may progress to intestinal metaplasia (IM), dysplasia and ultimately gastric carcinoma of the more common intestinal subtype. The identification of glycosylation changes in circulating serum proteins in patients with precursor ...
True Nicholas A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Patients seeking care in public hospitals are often resource-limited populations who have in past disasters become the most vulnerable. The objective of this study was to determine the personal disaster preparedness of emergency department (ED) patients and to identify predictors of low levels of preparedness. It was hypothesized that ...
Ben Nasr Nesrine - - 2013
Structure Based Virtual Ligand Screening (SBVLS) methods are widely used in drug discovery programs. When several structures of the target are available, protocols based either on single structure docking or on ensemble docking can be used. The performance of the methods depends on the structure(s) used as a reference, whose ...
Shao Jie - - 2013
In order to explore the potential application of sulfur in aqueous rechargeable batteries, core-shell sulfur-polypyrrole (S@PPy) composites were prepared through a novel one-pot and surfactant-free method. Sulfur exhibits a very high capacity of 473 mA h g(-1) and good cycling stability in an aqueous Li(2)SO(4) electrolyte due to the polypyrrole ...
Sangorrín M P - - 2013
AIMS: Dekkerabruxellensis and Pichia guilliermondii are contaminating yeasts in wine due to the production of phenolic aromas. Although the degradation pathway of cinnamic acids, precursors of these phenolic compounds has been described in D. bruxellensis, no such pathway has been described in P. guilliermondii. METHODS AND RESULTS: A molecular and ...
Dinić Svetlana - - 2013
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the treatment with α-lipoic acid (LA), a naturally occurring compound possessing antioxidant activity, on liver oxidant stress in a rat model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes by examining potential mechanistic points that influence changes in the expression of antioxidant enzymes such as ...
van der Zee Carlijn H - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The responsiveness of a new participation measure, the Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-Participation) was compared with that of the Impact on Particpation and Autonomy (IPA). Furthermore, the concurrent validity of these two measures was assessed. Method: Participants were patients with brain injury or neuromuscular disease, who ...
Sahin Kazim - - 2013
To evaluate the action mode of Berberis vulgaris root extract in the alleviation of oxidative stress, female Japanese quails (n 180, aged 5 weeks) were reared, either at 22°C for 24 h/d (thermoneutral, TN) or 34°C for 8 h/d (heat stress, HS), and fed one of three diets: diets containing 0, 100 ...
Sheehy C - - 2013
Objectives: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) suffer progressive loss of hand function and have weaker hand grip than the healthy population. In this study we aimed to validate hand grip strength standardized by age and gender (z score) against currently accepted clinical measures of disease activity. Method: Electronic records of ...
Xu Kailin - - 2013
A highly efficient, simple and rapid method, injection-ultrasound-assisted emulsification microextraction based on using low-density organic solvents followed by high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection, was developed for the determination of trace level pyrethroids in water samples. Various parameters influencing the extraction efficiency, such as type of extractant, extractant volume, ultrasonic time, centrifugation ...
Nouar Roqiya - - 2013
Microtubules (MTs) are involved in many crucial processes such as cell morphogenesis, mitosis and motility. These dynamic structures resulting from the complex assembly of tubulin are tightly regulated by stabilizing microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) such as tau and destabilizing proteins, notably stathmin. Because of their key role, these MAPs and their ...
Li Hui - - 2013
The bioresponsive detection of DNA or proteins and the controlled release of drug molecules are two important research areas for both experimental studies and practical applications. However, the real incorporation of these two functions into one system is still untouched. Being different from the widely reported mesoporous silica nanoparticles that ...
Tendais Iva - - 2013
Fetal movements and fetal heart rate (FHR) are well-established markers of fetal well-being and maturation of the fetal central nervous system. The purpose of this paper is to review and discuss the available knowledge on fetal movements and heart rate patterns in twin pregnancies. There is some evidence for an ...
Wydra Karolina - - 2013
We investigated the changes in dopamine (DA), glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) during cocaine self-administration in rats implanted with guide cannulae into the nucleus accumbens and ventral pallidum. After stabilized cocaine self-administration, separate groups of rats underwent extinction (10 days) procedure in which cocaine infusion was replaced by saline injections. ...
Choi Sung-Seen - - 2013
Co-matrix systems composed of a UV absorber and a UV stabilizer applied to the analysis of polystyrene (PS) using a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometer (MALDI-MS) equipped with a N(2) laser (337 nm) as the light source were investigated. Various UV absorbers such as Tinuvin 234, Tinuvin 326, Tinuvin 327, Tinuvin ...
Gode David - - 2013
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has proven to be extremely useful for applications such as the spatial analysis of peptides and proteins in biological tissue, the performance assessment of drugs in vivo or the measurement of protein or metabolite expression as tissue classifiers or biomarkers from disease versus control tissue comparisons. ...
Ou Zhiying - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Numerous diagnostic tests are available to detect Helicobactor pylori (H. pylori). There has been no single test available to detect H. pylori infection reliably. We evaluated the accuracy of a new fluorescence quantitative PCR (fqPCR) for H. pylori detection in children. METHODS: Gastric biopsy specimens from 138 children ...
Breivik Ingrid - - 2013
Abstract Adolescents with Asperger's syndrome (AS), often have handwriting difficulties that affect their academic performance. The purpose of this descriptive multiple-case mixed-method study was to highlight how adolescents with AS experience writing in the school setting when writing by hand and when using a computerized Assistive Technology Device (ATD), for ...
Reyes-Izquierdo Tania - - 2013
The present single-dose study was performed to assess the effect of whole coffee fruit concentrate powder (WCFC), green coffee caffeine powder (N677), grape seed extract powder (N31) and green coffee bean extract powder (N625) on blood levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Randomly assorted groups of fasted subjects consumed a ...
Wang Shi-Ming - - 2013
Polyoxometalate-TiO(2) composites have been successfully introduced into the photoanode of dye-sensitized solar cells to reduce the recombination of the electrons, which results in a longer electron lifetime. The performance of the cells with the polyoxometalate-modified photoanode is better than the cell with a pure P25 photoanode. The effect of the ...
Alcaide Benito - - 2013
The reactions of 3-allenyl 3-hydroxyoxindoles with a variety of halogenated reagents in the presence of catalytic amounts of precious metal salts were explored. Both, rearrangement and oxycyclization reactions to give 4-(1-halovinyl)-quinolinediones or spirocyclic halooxindoles, respectively, are competitive pathways. The kind of functionalization is substrate and reaction conditions dependent.
Almeida Riberet - - 2013
Manipulating and controlling water-based aqueous solutions with the use of 'virtual' walls is relatively simple as compared to non-aqueous low surface tension liquids which pose greater challenges in microfluidic devices. This paper reports a novel technique to form a virtual wall for various low surface tension liquids. A microfluidic channel ...
Bloch-Zupan Agnès - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cockayne Syndrome CS (Type A -- CSA; or CS Type I OMIM #216400) (Type B -- CSB; or CS Type II OMIM #133540) is a rare autosomal recessive neurological disease caused by defects in DNA repair characterized by progressive cachectic dwarfism, progressive intellectual disability with cerebral leukodystrophy, microcephaly, ...
Dey Prabuddha - - 2013
AIM: To characterize a new isolate of Candida tropicalis for its enhanced storage lipid accumulation with respect to lipid composition, fatty acid profile and transcriptional regulation of four key genes involved in lipid productivity using different carbon sources. METHODS AND RESULTS: Upon growing C. tropicalis on various carbon substrates, glucose ...
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