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Results 201 - 250 of 4440
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Kaiho Yasuhiro - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy is a major complication affecting postoperative quality of life. For early recovery from postoperative erectile dysfunction, attention has focused on penile rehabilitation using vacuum devices, prostaglandin E1 injection into the corpus cavernosum of the penis or transurethral administration, and oral drugs such as phosphodiesterase type ...
Wu Shan - - 2013
The promise of aromatic, amorphous, polar polymers containing high dipolar moments with very low defect levels is demonstrated for future dielectric materials with ultrahigh electric-energy density, low loss at high applied fields, and ultrahigh breakdown strengths. Specifically, aromatic polythiourea films exhibit an ultrahigh breakdown field (>1 GV m(-1) ), which ...
Decat Peter - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Adolescents in Latin America are at high risk for unwanted and unplanned pregnancies, which often result in unsafe abortions or poor maternal health outcomes. Both young men and women in the region face an increased risk of sexually transmitted infections due to inadequate sexual and reproductive health information, ...
Chow Clifton - - 2013
Research shows that sexual minorities are at greater risk for illicit substance use and related harm than their heterosexual counterparts. This study examines a group of active drug users to assess whether sexual identity predicts increased risk of substance use and harm from ecstasy, ketamine, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine and crack. ...
Mathers John C - - 2013
Over the past two centuries human life expectancy has increased by nearly 50 years. Genetic factors account for about one-third of the variation in life expectancy so that most of the inter-individual variation in lifespan is explained by stochastic and environmental factors, including diet. In some model organisms, dietary (energy) ...
McLucas Bruce - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for leiomyomata on reproductive potential for women in their reproductive age group. Material and methods: This non-randomized, cross-sectional, observational study of ovarian reserve in women under 40 years of age who underwent UAE was conducted at a private practice ...
Paulite Melissa - - 2013
This study demonstrates that spectral fingerprint patterns for a weakly scattering biological sample can be obtained reproducibly and reliably with tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) that correspond well with the conventional confocal Raman spectra collected for the bulk substance. These provided the basis for obtaining TERS images of individual self-assembled peptide ...
Pal Amit - - 2013
High prevalence of hypothyroxinaemia in iodine-deficient (ID) mothers has serious implications for mental health of the progeny. Independent supplementation of iodine and n-3 fatty acids (FA) markedly improves growth and cognitive performance of school children. Discerning effects of n-3 FA and iodine on the developing cerebellum have not been ascertained. ...
Heine Chyrisse - - 2013
AIM: The aims of the present study were to describe the trajectories of self-reported hearing difficulties over time, and evaluate the impacts of age, sex, lifestyle factors and social activity, in explaining individual differences in patterns of change over time. METHODS: As part of the Melbourne Longitudinal Studies on Healthy ...
Cutler Andrew J - - 2013
Introduction/Objective Long-term use of the atypical antipsychotic iloperidone has not been investigated at doses above 16 mg/d. This article describes safety and tolerability results from the 25-week open-label extension of a 4-week placebo- and ziprasidone-controlled clinical trial of iloperidone. METHODS: Patients received a dose of 24 mg/d (given as 12 ...
Koehler Kenneth Christopher - - 2013
A synthetic amino acid bearing a furan functionality was developed and incorporated into peptide sequences using solid phase synthesis. Peptides expressing the furan moiety were attached to poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels through a thermally reversible covalent bond formed by a Diels-Alder reaction. Reactions of thiol and maleimide PEG macromers in ...
Hammouda Omar - - 2013
Abstract This study aimed to investigate footballers' diurnal variation of performance during the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test and the associated biochemical responses. Fifteen male footballers (17.3 ± 0.3 years, 69.1 ± 4.2 kg, 179.7 ± 3.6 cm) performed two randomised Yo-Yo tests at 07:00 h and 17:00 h. Blood samples were collected before and 3 min after each test for the ...
Fioravanti Antonella - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate both the short-term and the long-term effectiveness of spa therapy in patients with primary hand osteoarthritis (OA). This was a prospective randomized, single blind controlled trial. Sixty outpatients with primary bilateral hand OA were included in the study and randomized to one ...
Pérez-Hernández Nury - - 2013
1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-acetyl-α-d-glucopyranose and the corresponding [1-(2) H], [2-(2) H], [3-(2) H], [4-(2) H], [5-(2) H], and [6,6-(2) H(2) ]-labeled compounds were prepared for measuring deuterium/hydrogen-induced effects on (13) C chemical shift (n) Δ (DHIECS) values. A conformational analysis of the nondeuterated compound was achieved using density functional theory (DFT) molecular models ...
Kraus Michael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Computer assisted systems in orthopaedic trauma depend in most cases on fixed reference markers. This work evaluated a reference-free image-based guidance system. Outcome parameters were the number of trials needed to achieve an optimal wire position, the radiation and procedure time, and the learning curve. METHODS: Forty artificial proximal ...
Miller Benjamin K - - 2013
A system for illuminating a sample in situ with visible and ultraviolet light inside a transmission electron microscope was devised to study photocatalysts. There are many mechanical and optical factors that must be considered when designing and building such a system. Some of the restrictions posed by the electron microscope ...
Havlik Jan - - 2013
A novel approach for preparation of ultra-bright fluorescent nanodiamonds (fNDs) was developed and the thermal and kinetic optimum of NV center formation was identified. Combined with a new oxidation method, this approach enabled preparation of particles that were roughly one order of magnitude brighter than particles prepared with commonly used ...
Huss Sebastian - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Four and one half LIM domain protein 2 (FHL2) has been reported to be a key regulator in many cellular processes being associated with fibrogenesis such as cell migration and contraction. Moreover, hepatic FHL2 is involved in regulation pathways mediating proliferation and cell death machineries. We here investigated ...
Tuompo R - - 2013
Objectives: To study the incidence and clinical picture of Salmonella-associated reactive arthritis (ReA), as well as other reactive musculoskeletal symptoms and the arthritogenicity of various Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serotypes in the population. Method: We sent a questionnaire on enteric and extraintestinal (especially musculoskeletal) symptoms to 999 consecutive subjects with ...
López-Andrés Patricia - - 2013
A total of sixteen lambs were divided into two groups and fed two different diets. Of these, eight lambs were fed a control diet (C) and eight lambs were fed the C diet supplemented with quebracho tannins (C+T). The objective of the present study was to assess whether dietary quebracho ...
Pelicand Julie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study examines how the term 'self-care' imported from health promotion has been used in the context of patient education interventions for paediatric patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Thirty articles over the last decade were analysed, using a qualitative method of thematic coding and categorizing. RESULTS: The term ...
Langley-Evans Simon C - - 2013
The developmental origins of health and disease hypothesis postulates that exposure to a less than optimal maternal environment during fetal development programmes physiological function, and determines risk of disease in adult life. Much evidence of such programming comes from retrospective epidemiological cohorts, which demonstrate associations between birth anthropometry and non-communicable ...
Koochekpour Shahriar - - 2013
Asian Journal of Andrology advance online publication, 14 January 2013; doi:10.1038/aja.2012.145.
Lee Ju Min - - 2013
The incorporation of InP quantum-dot/N-doped multiwalled carbon nanotube (QD:NCNT) nanohybrids in the active layer of poly(3-hexylthiophene)/indene-C(60) bisadduct (P3HT/ICBA) bulk-heterojuction solar cells enhances V(OC) and J(SC) . The QDs encourage exciton dissociation by promoting electron transfer, while the NCNTs enhance the transport of the separated electrons and eventual charge collection. Such ...
Schroeder T - - 2013
The combination of azacitidine and donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) as first salvage therapy for relapse after allogeneic transplantation (allo-HSCT) was studied in 30 patients with AML (n=28) or MDS (n=2) within a prospective single-arm multicenter phase-II trial. Treatment schedule contained up to 8 cycles azacitidine (100 mg/m(2)/d, d1-5, every 28d) ...
Moran Patrick S - - 2013
Medline and Embase were searched for studies comparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy with open prostatectomy and conventional laparoscopic prostatectomy. Random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate a pooled estimate of effect. The 95% prediction intervals are also reported. One randomized study and 50 observational studies were identified. The results show that ...
Waes Oscar Jf - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: A selective non-operative management (SNOM) has found to be an adequate and safe strategy to assess and treat patients suffering from penetrating trauma of the extremities (PTE). With this SNOM comes a strategy in which adjuvant investigations or interventions are not routinely performed, but based on physical examination ...
Filippatos Td - - 2013
Objectives: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of the present study was the assessment of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) subclass distribution in patients with early RA (ERA, n = 30) compared with age- and sex-matched healthy subjects (n = 30), ...
Jacobs David R - - 2013
Food synergy is the concept that the non-random mixture of food constituents operates in concert for the life of the organism eaten and presumably for the life of the eater. Isolated nutrients have been extensively studied in well-designed, long-term, large randomised clinical trials, typically with null and sometimes with harmful ...
Khan Azmat Ali - - 2013
Aim: The preparation and characterization of a novel escheriosomal nanoparticle formulation of a potent anticancer conjugate, 2,6-diisopropylphenol-linoleic acid (2,6P-LA), and evaluation of its anticancer efficacy against diethyl nitrosamine-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in BALB/c mice. Materials & methods: Escheriosomized 2,6P-LA nanoparticles were characterized for size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, release kinetics ...
Sartori Glaubia - - 2013
In the present study the synthesis and antinociceptive activity of bis-vinyl selenides, prepared via FeCl(3) promoted reaction addition of diorganyl dichalcogenides to alkynes, is described. The pharmacological results demonstrated that bis-vinyl selenides , , and elicited antinociceptive effect in the mouse formalin test. The antinociceptive effects of bis-vinyl selenides are ...
Fahmi Mochamad Zakki - - 2013
We report a simple and effective approach for the preparation of double layer-encapsulated quantum dots (DL-Qdots) composed of alkyl-capping ligands to interdigitate with hydrophobic, protective agents on the surface of AgInS(2)/ZnS quantum dots (Qdots), which allow phase transfer of hydrophobic Qdots from the organic phase into the aqueous phase. The ...
Hirschmann Thomas Ch - - 2013
The optical characterization of bundled and individual triple-walled carbon nanotubes was studied for the first time in detail by using resonant Raman spectroscopy. In our approach, the outer tube of a triple-walled carbon nanotube system protects the two inner tubes (or equivalently the inner double-walled carbon nanotube) from external environment ...
Deane Fiona M - - 2013
Drugs that inhibit DNA topoisomerase I and DNA topoisomerase II have been widely used in cancer chemotherapy. We report herein the results of a focused medicinal chemistry effort around novel ellipticinium salts which target topoisomerase I and II enzymes with improved solubility. The salts were prepared by reaction of ellipticine ...
Szulc Michal - - 2013
There is a hypothesis that ghrelin could take part in the central effects of alcohol as well as function as a peripheral indicator of the changes which occur during long-term alcohol consumption. The aim of this study was to determine a correlation between alcohol concentration and acylated and total form ...
Lødrup Anders Bergh - - 2013
Abstract Introduction. While the physiological existence of rebound acid hypersecretion (RAHS) after withdrawal of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) therapy is established, the clinical implications are less certain. It has been speculated that a clinical relevant rebound phenomenon may be responsible for difficulties in getting off acid-suppressive medication and partly explain ...
Korobov Mikhail V - - 2013
Detonation nanodiamond (ND) is a suitable source material to produce unique samples consisting of almost uniform diamond nanocrystals (d = 3-5 nm). Such samples exist in the form of long stable aqueous dispersions with narrow size distribution of diamond particles. The material is finding ever increasing application in biomedicine. The ...
Ehret David - - 2013
A two-year study of antioxidants in greenhouse tomato was conducted. Plants were treated continuously with nutrient solution electrical conductivities (EC) of 2, 4, or 6 dS m-1. Increasing EC reduced yield per plant and fruit size. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), lutein, β-carotene, lycopene and vitamin C concentrations were evaluated ...
Scarlata Simone - - 2013
AIM: Restrictive lung dysfunction (RLD; defined as reduced forced vital capacity [FVC] in the presence of normal forced expiratory volume in 1 s [FEV1]/FVC ratio) is highly prevalent in the elderly, and is associated with diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and abdominal obesity. The aim of this study was to assess the ...
Smith Joanna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Living with a child with a long-term condition can result in challenges above usual parenting because of illness-specific demands. A critical evaluation of research exploring parents' experiences of living with a child with a long-term condition is timely because international health policy advocates that patients with long-term conditions become ...
Batalla Albert - - 2013
Neuroimaging studies have shown that chronic consumption of cannabis may result in alterations in brain morphology. Recent work focusing on the relationship between brain structure and the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphism suggests that functional COMT variants may affect brain volume in healthy individuals and in schizophrenia patients. We measured the ...
Gupta Girish K - - 2013
Aim: A layer-by-layer matrix (LBL) comprising kaempferol (LBL-KEM) was prepared for improved osteogenic action. Materials & methods: The LBL-KEM consisted of alternate layers of sodium alginate and protamine sulfate, which were sequentially deposited on the preformed kaempferol (KEM)-loaded CaCO(3) core (CaCO(3)-KEM) by LBL self-assembly. The LBL matrix developed was evaluated ...
Shmulewitz D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) proposes aligning nicotine use disorder (NUD) criteria with those for other substances, by including the current DSM fourth edition (DSM-IV) nicotine dependence (ND) criteria, three abuse criteria (neglect roles, hazardous use, interpersonal problems) and craving. Although ...
Maruthappu Mahiben - - 2013
Abstract Political analysis can enrich our understanding of the interface between health and society. Here, a theoretical framework called 'the biomarket' is proposed, one that describes the interaction between life, power and the market, and the progressive institutionalisation of this dynamic by state actors. This framework expands upon 'biopower', a ...
Cho Hyejin - - 2013
The reduction of unprotected indoles and quinolines is described using water as a hydrogen source. The method is based on the application of a RANEY® type Ni-Al alloy in an aqueous medium. During the reaction the Al content of the alloy, used as reductants, reacts with water in situ providing ...
Yang Yan - - 2013
A highly efficient method for the direct synthesis of α-iodoketals from methyl ketones has been developed via sustainable integration of orthogonal tandem catalytic reactions: copper(ii) oxide catalyzed iodination reaction and the subsequent excess or regenerated iodine catalyzed regioselective ketalization reaction.
Wille Sebastian - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of the analysis was to measure the pressure-flow urodynamic changes following GreenLight(™) laser vaporization of the prostate based on pressure-flow studies. Material and methods. Sixty-two patients suffering from voiding dysfunction due to lower urinary tract symptoms underwent potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser vaporization. A pressure-flow study ...
Blom M - - 2013
Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of cervical spine damage due to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the long term and to investigate which disease-specific factors are related to this damage. Method: Patients with early RA from the Nijmegen inception cohort with 6 to 12 years of follow-up were included. Conventional radiographs ...
Fisher Anne G - - 2013
Abstract Background: Since the beginning of the occupational therapy profession, engagement in occupation has been valued as the primary therapeutic agent as well as the goal of intervention. While there are few today who would not support this idea, occupational therapists continue to struggle with implementing their beliefs through "what ...
Michel Stephan - - 2013
The central circadian pacemaker of the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) is a bilaterally symmetrical structure. Little is known about the physiological mechanisms underlying communication between the left and right SCN and yet the degree of synchronization between SCN neurons can have a critical impact on the properties of the circadian system. ...
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