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McCormack Michael P MP Department of Chemistry, The University of Vermont, 82 University Place, Burlington, Vermont 05405, - - 2013
A concise entry to functionalized indolizidine scaffolds through a domino 2-aza-Cope-[3 + 2] dipolar cycloaddition and Pauson-Khand [2 + 2 + 1] cyclization has been accomplished. The process was conducted under mild conditions to afford diverse indolizidine systems as single diastereomers in good overall yields.
Zhu Rui R Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, - - 2013
O(6)-Alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) is a DNA repair protein which removes alkyl groups from the O-6 position of guanine, thereby providing strong resistance to anticancer agents which alkylate this position. The clinical usefulness of these anticancer agents would be substantially augmented if AGT could be selectively inhibited in tumor tissue, without ...
Sun Hao H School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P. R. - - 2013
A 1.0 mol % amount of K(3)PO(4)·3H(2)O was found to catalyze aminohalogenation reaction of nitrostyrenes with N,N-dibromo-tert-butylcarbamate (t-Boc-NBr(2)) in a dichloroethane system. Good to excellent yields and complete regioselectivity have been achieved by taking advantage of the GAP workup without using traditional purification techniques such as column chromatography and recrystallization. ...
Yang Xiaoyi X Biopharmaceutical Development Program, SAIC-Frederick, Inc. , Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Frederick, Maryland 21702, United - - 2013
Fc fusion proteins are a new emerging class of molecules for immune-targeted delivery of therapeutic proteins. Biophysical and bioanalytical characterization is critical for clinical development and delivery of therapeutic proteins. Here we report molecular and functional characterization of a recombinant human fusion protein Mutant IL-15/Fc. MutIL-15/Fc has a molecular weight ...
Vaughan Joshua C - - 2013
We report that the cyanine dye Cy5 and several of its structural relatives are reversibly quenched by the phosphine tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine (TCEP). Using Cy5 as a model, we show that the quenching reaction occurs by 1,4-addition of the phosphine to the polymethine bridge of Cy5 to form a covalent adduct. Illumination ...
Cook Jason R JR Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, 107 W. Dean Keeton, Stop C0800, Austin, Texas 78712, - - 2013
Quantitative visualization of nanoparticles in cells and tissues, while preserving the spatial information, is very challenging. A photoacoustic imaging technique to depict the presence and quantity of nanoparticles is presented. This technique is based on the dependence of the photoacoustic signal on both the nanoparticle quantity and the laser fluence. ...
Karthika Mylsamy - - 2013
The structure, spectral properties and the hydrogen bond interactions of 8-aza analogues of xanthine, theophylline and caffeine have been studied by using quantum chemical methods. The time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) and the singly excited configuration interaction (CIS) methods are employed to optimize the excited state geometries of isolated 8-azaxanthine, ...
Zhang Wei - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by extracellular accumulation of amyloid deposits. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophic factor whose levels have been shown to be decreased in AD brains. BDNF supplementation can offer improvement in the course of AD. However, the means of assessment are still ...
Ignatyev Igor S - - 2013
DFT (B3LYP and M06L) as well as ab initio (MP2) methods with Dunning cc-pVnZ (n = 2,3) basis sets are employed for the study of the binding ability of the new class of protease inhibitors, i.e., silanediols, in comparison to the well-known and well-studied class of inhibitors with hydroxamic functionality (HAM). Active ...
Chan Jimmy Yu-Wai - - 2013
The status of the regional cervical lymphatics is one of the most significant prognostic indicators in head and neck cancers. The traditional treatment for cancers with cervical nodal metastasis has been surgical. With the global trend towards organ-preserving therapy, chemoradiation has gained increasing popularity over primary surgical therapies for cancers ...
Garcia Gizele D - - 2013
Coral health is under threat throughout the world due to regional and global stressors. White plague disease (WP) is one of the most important threats affecting the major reef builder of the Abrolhos Bank in Brazil, the endemic coral Mussismilia braziliensis. We performed a metagenomic analysis of healthy and WP-affected ...
Joshi Swati M - - 2013
The objective of the study was to execute mutant bacteria for efficient biodegradation of sulfonated azo dye, Green HE4B (GHE4B). UV irradiation was used to introduce random mutations in Pseudomonas sp. LBC1. Genetic alterations induced by UV irradiation in selected mutant bacteria were confirmed by random amplification of polymorphic DNA ...
Kappel S - - 2013
Data evaluation is a crucial step when it comes to the determination of accurate and precise isotope ratios computed from transient signals measured by multi-collector-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) coupled to, for example, laser ablation (LA). In the present study, the applicability of different data evaluation strategies (i.e. 'point-by-point', ...
Grimm Martin - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyse the expression of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) receptor (VDR) in oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) to evaluate whether oral tissue may be a new potential target for biologically active 1,25-(OH)2D3 or its analogues. Expression of VDR was analysed in OSCC specimen (n = 191) ...
Wang Zuowei - - 2013
There is increasing evidence supporting the relationship between bipolar disorder (BP) and neurotrophin. The present study investigated the relationship between neurotrophic tyrosine kinase receptor type 2 (NTRK2) gene polymorphisms and bipolar I disorder (BP I) susceptibility and treatment response to mood stabilizers (lithium or valproate). Two-hundred eighty-four patients who met ...
Jondeau-Cabaton Adeline - - 2013
Complex mixtures of contaminants with potential adverse effects on human health and wildlife are found in the environment and in the food chain. These mixtures include numerous anthropogenic compounds of various origins and structures, which may behave as endocrine disruptors. Mixture's complexity is further enhanced by biotic and abiotic transformations. ...
Wang Lu - - 2013
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) ameliorate heart failure by reducing preload and afterload. However, extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition after application of LVADs is not clearly defined. The purpose of the present study was to investigate ECM remodeling after mechanical unloading in a rat heart transplant model. Sixty male Lewis rats ...
Zhao Yang - - 2013
Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels ("Danggui" in Chinese) is one of the most commonly used traditional Chinese medicines. It has been used to invigorate blood circulation for the treatment of anemia, hypertension, chronic bronchitis, asthma, rheumatism, and cardiovascular diseases. There are a number of A. sinensis-derived dietary supplements in the US ...
Szunerits Sabine - - 2013
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is a powerful technique for measurement of biomolecular interactions in real-time in a label-free environment. One of the most common techniques for plasmon excitation is the Kretschmann configuration, and numerous studies of ligand-analyte interactions have been performed on surfaces functionalized with a variety of biomolecules, for ...
Ságodi László - - 2013
The aim of the authors is to present two cases which raise the possibility of an association between polycystic ovarian syndrome/hyperandrogenism and ovarian cyst torsion in peripubertal girls. Androgen excess may cause more frequently ovarian cyst formation in premenarcheal or young adolescents with undiagnosed polycystic ovarian syndrome than in adults. ...
Khedidji Sidali - - 2013
The wintertime concentrations and diel cycles of n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) associated to atmospheric particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter lesser than 10 μm were determined at the biggest student residence in Algeria located in Bab-Ezzouar, 15 km southeast from Algiers city area. Samplings were carried out from December 2009 to ...
Dam Gitte - - 2013
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) are used as a therapeutic nutritional supplement in patients with cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy (HE). During liver disease, the decreased capacity for urea synthesis and porto-systemic shunting reduce the hepatic clearance of ammonia and skeletal muscle may become the main alternative organ for ammonia detoxification. We ...
Kefeni Kebede K - - 2013
Contaminants in settled indoor dust are potentially health hazardous to human. Thus, identification and quantification of toxic chemicals in settled indoor dust is of great concern. In this study, the levels of major anions ([Formula: see text]), trace metals (Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, As and Pb) ...
Litwin T - - 2013
Gender influence on the clinical manifestations of Wilson's Disease (WD) has been suggested; however, brain MRI pathology based on sexual dimorphism in WD has not yet been examined. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of gender on brain MRI pathology according to the predominant form of ...
Holtz Peter - - 2013
Based on five focus groups (total N = 56) with German Muslims, we analyze discourses on the experience of discrimination and feelings of national and religious attachment. The focus groups took place in mid to late 2010 in four German cities. Whereas only few participants describe personal discrimination by non-Muslim Germans, almost ...
Peng Jing - - 2013
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is a particularly devastating form of human epilepsy with significant incidence of medical intractability. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small, noncoding RNAs that regulate the posttranscriptional expression of protein-coding mRNAs, which may have key roles in the pathogenesis of MTLE development. To study the dynamic expression patterns ...
Kiss Emese - - 2013
Behcet's disease is a multisystem autoimmune disease with variable clinial manifestations. The diagnosis may pose a difficult challenge for the clinician, who has to be familiar with the wide spectrum and combination of the symptoms of Behcet's disease. It is considered a rare disease in Hungary, and there are only ...
Wei Qiang - - 2013
The role of the A(2B) adenosine receptor (AR) in prostate cell death and growth was studied. The A(2B) AR gene expression quantified by real-time quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis was the highest among four AR subtypes (A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and A(3)) in all three commonly used prostate cancer cell ...
Horváth Katalin Barbara - - 2013
Approximately 20% of the tumours in humans are associated with contagious viral agents. Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare and highly aggressive tumour which may originate from the epidermal stratum basale, although the origin is still controversial. This tumour is most commonly found in elderly and immunocompromised patients in sun ...
Spindler Stephen R - - 2013
Chronic treatment with β-adrenergic receptor (βAR) agonists increases mortality and morbidity while βAR antagonists (β-blockers) decrease all-cause mortality for those at risk of cardiac disease. Levels of sympathetic nervous system βAR agonists and βAR activity increase with age, and this increase may hasten the development of age-related mortality. Here, we ...
Dervišević Irma - - 2013
In this paper, we have analyzed parts of printed circuit board (PCB) and liquid crystal display (LCD) screens of mobile phones and computers, quantitative and qualitative chemical compositions of individual components, and complete PCBs were determined. Differential thermal analysis (DTA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) methods were used to determine ...
Harangi Mariann - - 2013
Statin therapy is considered to be safe and rarely associated with serious adverse events. However, a significant proportion of patients on statin therapy show some degree of intolerance which can lead to decreased adherence to statin therapy. The authors summarize the symptoms, signs and frequencies of the most common statin-induced ...
Xing Liqun - - 2013
Species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) are increasingly used in both ecological risk assessment and derivation of water quality criteria. However, there has been debate about the choice of an appropriate approach for derivation of water quality criteria based on SSDs because the various methods can generate different values. The objective of ...
Morrison Brian J - - 2013
Lung cancer is a major public health problem causing more deaths than any other cancer. A better understanding of the biology of this disease and improvements in treatment are greatly needed. Increasing evidence supports the concept that a rare and specialized population of cancer cells, so-called cancer-initiating cells with stem ...
Hennet Margo L ML Biology Department, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT 05753, - - 2013
To avoid inducing a state of oxidative stress (OS), assisted reproductive technologies (ART) must maintain a balance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants during the in vitro culture of oocytes. However, oocyte requirements and tolerance thresholds for ROS during in vivo development are still unclear. Previous studies have examined ...
Santos Dinamene D I-Med. UL, Department of Toxicology and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, - - 2013
Manganese (Mn) is an essential metal for biological systems; however, occupational or clinical exposure to high levels of Mn can produce a neurological disorder called manganism. Oxidative stress and neuroinflammation play major roles in the Mn-induced neurodegeneration leading to dysfunction of the basal ganglia. We investigated the toxic effects of ...
Schirwitz Christopher - - 2013
A method for the one-step purification of high-complexity peptide microarrays is presented. The entire peptide library is transferred from the synthesis support to a gold coated polyvinylidenfluoride (PVDF) membrane, whereby only full-length peptides covalently couple to the receptor membrane via an N-terminally added cysteine. Highly resolved peptide transfer and purification ...
Holzhauser Carolin - - 2013
The insertion of cyanine dye azides as energy donor dyes via postsynthetic "click"-type cycloaddition chemistry with e.g. a new thiazole orange azide combined with thiazole red yields dual emitting DNA probes with good fluorescence readout properties.
van Dijl Jan Maarten - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The biotechnology industry has become a key element in modern societies. Within this industry, the production of recombinant enzymes and biopharmaceutical proteins is of major importance. The global markets for such recombinant proteins are growing rapidly and, accordingly, there is a continuous need for new production platforms that can ...
Dey Krishna Kanti - - 2013
A Pd nanoparticle-containing polymer microsphere moves with increasing speed across a pH gradient, following differential catalytic decomposition of aqueous hydrogen peroxide. The directional motion is akin to the pH taxis of living microorganisms. The artificial pH taxis exhibits random walk, translation, vertical, hopping, and pulsed motion, when the size of ...
Bertenshaw Emma J - - 2013
Previous research suggests that increasing beverage protein content enhances subsequent satiety, but whether this effect is entirely attributable to post-ingestive effects of protein or is partly caused by the distinct sensory characteristics imparted by the presence of protein remains unclear. To try and discriminate nutritive from sensory effects of added ...
Suarez Hamlet - - 2013
Abstract Conclusions: The measurement of the energy consumption (EC) of the body's center of pressure (COP) to maintain the upright stance position was higher in elderly patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) compared with a control group and may be a valid parameter in the assessment of balance disorders. Objective: ...
Queiro R - - 2013
Objectives: To present two cases of Andersson lesion (AL) as the form of onset of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), to review the form of onset of axial disease in PsA in our area, and to study the prevalence of AL in this series. Patients and methods: Two patients with psoriasis and ...
Gooberman-Hill Rachael - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Service users are increasingly involved in the design of clinical trials and in product and device development. Service user involvement in placebo development is crucial to a credible and acceptable placebo for clinical trials, but such involvement has not yet been reported. AIMS: To enhance the design of a ...
Nanda Geeta - - 2013
Summary This paper explores the hypothesis that gender attitude scales (which measure the degree of equity in gender attitudes) are associated with contraceptive use. Four hundred male and female respondents (200 couples) were interviewed using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire. Analyses included comparisons of means and prevalence rates on gender equity ...
Li Jingyi - - 2013
MicroRNA (miRNA)-mediated gene silencing at the translational level has led to novel discoveries for numerous biological processes. Recently, there has been increasing evidence to indicate that miRNAs are involved in normal immune functions and inflammation. In this review, we focus on recent advances that have elucidated the role of miRNAs ...
Ostergaard Peter Friis - - 2013
Nanochannel technology, coupled with a suitable DNA labeling chemistry, is a powerful approach for performing high-throughput single-molecule mapping of genomes. Yet so far nanochannel technology has remained inaccessible to the broader research community due to high fabrication cost and/or requirement of specialized facilities/skill-sets. In this article we show that nanochannel-based ...
Dimitroulas T - - 2013
Objective: To determine whether demographic, inflammatory, and metabolic factors predict elevated asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Method: A total of 67 RA patients [mean age 56 ± 12 years, median disease duration 8 (3-15) years] were assessed. Routine biochemistry tests, lipid profile, glycaemic profile [glucose, insulin, homeostasis ...
Herbst Florian - - 2013
As polymers and polymeric materials are "the" smart invention and technological driving force of the 20th century, the quest for self-healing or self-repairing polymers is strong. The concept of supramolecular self-healing materials relies on the use of noncovalent, transient bonds to generate networks, which are able to heal the damaged ...
Ruiz-Tovar Jaime - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for achieving a significant weight loss. Morbidities present a significant reduction after bariatric surgery, but it may also result in several health complications, related to nutritional deficiencies, including bone metabolism. Several studies have reported a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD), but ...
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