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Bellino Claudio - - 2013
In order to investigate the prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTI) in sow, lower urinary tract (LUT), kidney and urine samples were collected at slaughterhouse from 65 multiparous culled sows. Histopathology was performed on urethra, urinary bladder and -kidney sections. Urine collected by cystocentesis was analysed for physical and biochemical parameters, in ...
You Zhi-Qing - - 2013
A Gram-positive bacterium, designated SCSIO 15042(T), was isolated from a sediment of the South China Sea and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The isolate grew at 20-60 °C, pH 6.0-10.0 and it could grow with up to 10 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall diamino acid was found to be meso-diaminopimelic ...
Post Teun M - - 2013
A recently proposed mechanism-based disease systems model for osteoporosis (Schmidt et al., J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn 38:873-900, 2011) was applied to clinical data from post-menopausal women (n = 767) receiving various doses of the selective estrogen receptor modulator tibolone. Plasma bone-specific alkaline phosphatase activity and urinary N-telopeptide were used as biomarkers reflecting the ...
Lee Mi Hyun - - 2013
Congenital tuberculosis is a rare disease which is curable after early diagnosis. Making an early diagnosis of tuberculosis in an infant is difficult, however, because of its nonspecific clinical findings. It therefore requires a high index of suspicion. In this paper we report the case of an infant with disseminated ...
Brown Brian - - 2013
PURPOSE: In this study we examine neuroretinal function in five amblyopes, who had been shown in previous functional MRI (fMRI) studies to have compromised function of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), to determine if the fMRI deficit in amblyopia may have its origin at the retinal level. METHODS: We used ...
Suganthi Ramasamy - - 2013
Fifteen flavobacterium strains were isolated from raw chicken meat, raw goat meat and poultry soil in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Most of the isolates developed yellow pigmented colonies with mucoid-spreading edges on food flavobacterium medium. The flavobacteria were Gram-negative rods and failed to produce indole and were non-fermentative. Moreover, they produced ...
Lucas Robyn - - 2013
Spatio-temporal patterns in sun exposure underlie variations in skin cancer incidence and vitamin D deficiency, indicate effectiveness of sun protection programs and provide insights into future health risks. From 558 adults across four regions of Australia (Brisbane (latitude 27ºSouth), Newcastle (33ºSouth), Geelong and the Western Districts of Victoria (37ºSouth) and ...
Galaz Sebastián - - 2013
Alcohol acyltransferases (AAT) play a key role in ester biosynthesis. In Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis, AATs are encoded by a gene family of four members (CmAAT1-4). CmAAT1, CmAAT3 and CmAAT4 are capable of synthesizing esters, being CmAAT1 the most active. CmAAT2 is inactive and has a 268-alanine residue instead of ...
da Fonseca B M - - 2013
A method using microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) is described for the determination of seven antipsychotic drugs in human plasma. The studied compounds were chlorpromazine (CPZ), haloperidol (HAL), cyamemazine, quetiapine, clozapine, olanzapine (OLZ), and levomepromazine; promazine, protriptyline, and deuterated CPZ were used as internal ...
Schluth-Bolard Caroline - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Apparently balanced chromosomal rearrangements (ABCR) are associated with an abnormal phenotype in 6% of cases. This may be due to cryptic genomic imbalances or to the disruption of genes at the breakpoint. However, breakpoint cloning using conventional methods (ie, fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH), Southern blot) is often laborious ...
Bayes Hannah Kelly - - 2013
This review highlights new developments in scientific and clinical research presented at the British Thoracic Society Winter Scientific Meeting held from 5 to 7 December 2012. Although a wide spectrum of respiratory research was presented at the meeting the content of the review focuses specifically on the key themes of ...
Mickes Laura - - 2013
Online social networking is vastly popular and permits its members to post their thoughts as microblogs, an opportunity that people exploit, on Facebook alone, over 30 million times an hour. Such trivial ephemera, one might think, should vanish quickly from memory; conversely, they may comprise the sort of information that ...
Bornholdt Dorothea - - 2013
Missense mutations affecting membrane-bound transcription factor protease, site 2 (MBTPS2) have been associated with IFAP syndrome with or without BRESHECK syndrome, with keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans, and Olmsted syndrome. This metalloprotease activates, by intramembranous trimming in conjunction with the protease MBTPS1, regulatory factors involved in sterol control of transcription and ...
Scott Anne E - - 2013
AIMS: To examine the relative and combined value of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and low-dose dobutamine (LDD) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) to predict 'adverse remodelling' (AR) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-five patients with AMI were recruited. CMR was performed 2-4 days after presentation and at 6 ...
Hundsberger Thomas - - 2013
The optimal treatment for recurrent high-grade gliomas is unknown and a standard of care does not exist. Re-irradiation with concomitant bevacizumab represents an option. Retrospectively, we analyzed a cohort of heavily pretreated patients (n = 14) with relapsing HGGs who underwent re-irradiation with conventional 3D-conformal or intensified modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Ten of ...
Xu Zhenbiao - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are 18 ~ 24 nucleotides length, play important roles in regulating the expression of gene at the post-transcription level. Dugesia japonica is a branch of planarian organism. It is a model organism for studying the role of miRNAs in stem cell function. Next generation sequencing technology was used to ...
Gil-Carcedo Elisa - - 2013
The Zuckerkandl tubercle is a residue from the embryological development of the thyroid gland. Although it is undeniably well known in surgery, this is not so among otolaryngologists. Our objective is to highlight the importance of the Zuckerkandl tubercle, as it has proven to be a reliable point of reference ...
Mavridis Ioannis N - - 2013
The falx cerebelli is a small crescentic fold of dura mater below the tentorium cerebelli, which projects forward into the posterior cerebellar notch. Its base is directed upwards and attached to the posterior part of the inferior surface of the tentorium cerebelli in the midline; its posterior margin is attached ...
Raes Inez - - 2013
The field of gamete donation for medically assisted reproduction purposes is evolving. While anonymous gamete donation was long the preferred practice, a new focus on the rights and interests of donor-conceived children has led a number of countries to shift towards an open-identity system. However, this evolution appears to overlook ...
Munoz-Dávila M J - - 2013
We evaluated the use of urine specimens for direct identification and antibiotic testing of urinary tract pathogens using the Vitek system. A total of 343 urine specimens from patients with suspected UTI were selected by pyuria and screened by Gram staining to detect bacteriuria. Of those, 132 were analysed after ...
Tasanarong Adis - - 2013
BackgroundContrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) increases the likelihood of patient morbidity and mortality following coronary procedures. Volume supplement with saline is the standard treatment to prevent CI-AKI. Additional antioxidant prophylaxis has often yielded conflicting results. The present study was conducted to examine the role of novel application vitamin E (tocopherol) ...
Fauchon F - - 2013
Papillary tumor of the pineal region (PTPR), recently described as a distinct clinicopathological entity, can show aggressive biological behavior. The optimal therapeutic approach of PTPR has not been well defined. The role of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy in the treatment of PTPR was analyzed in a large multicenter series. In ...
Al-Hussaini Ali - - 2013
Tonsillectomy is a common therapeutic option in the management of recurrent tonsillitis. In 1999, the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) introduced SIGN 34 outlining appropriate indications for tonsillectomy. Following concerns of increasing hospital admissions for tonsillitis, in 2009 ENT UK suggested that too few tonsillectomies were being undertaken. This study ...
Pilla Reddy Venkatesh - - 2013
High and variable placebo effect (PE) within and among clinical trials can substantially affect conclusions about the efficacy of new drugs in the treatment of schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders. In recent years, it has become increasingly difficult to prove drug efficacy against placebo, and one of the reasons is ...
Iavazzo Christos - - 2013
AIM: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a common practice especially performed in women with no anaesthesia or antibiotics and in absence of aseptic conditions. The aim of this systematic review is to explore and analyze for first time in the current literature, the clinical evidence related to the presence of ...
Peker Tuncay - - 2013
Information about the distribution of intramuscular nerve fibres within the skeletal muscles will enhance the understanding of their morphological structure and functions. This study was designed to examine the entire intramuscular nerve distribution pattern in rat leg muscles. The tibialis cranialis, tibialis caudalis, extensor digitorum longus, flexor digitorum longus, gastrocnemius, ...
Smets Thibault - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively identify morphological and physiological post-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics predictive of glioblastoma recurrences after gross total resection (gross-TR). METHODS: Resection margins of 24 glioblastoma were analysed immediately post-operatively (MRI ≤ 2 h) and early post-operatively (24 h ≤ MRI ≤ 48 h), and subdivided into areas with and without subtle contrast enhancement previously considered non-specific. ...
Schildberg Cw - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: In the literature, the manifestations of gastric cancer have been described based on all patients. In recent times, interest has focused on the subgroup of young patients. In the following analysis, the subgroup of young patients (< 50y) is compared with an older reference group (≥ 50y). Material ...
Kim Ki Chan - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by three main behavioral symptoms including social deficits, impaired communication, and stereotyped and repetitive behaviors. ASD prevalence shows gender bias to male. Prenatal exposure to valproic acid (VPA), a drug used in epilepsy and bipolar disorder, induces autistic symptoms in ...
Mendez Fernando L - - 2013
Analyses of ancient DNA from extinct humans reveal signals of at least two independent hybridization events in the history of non-African populations. To date there are very few examples of specific genetic variants that have been rigorously identified as introgressive. Here we survey DNA sequence variation in the OAS gene ...
Guo Chengjin - - 2013
Several phosphate transporters (PTs) that belong to the Pht2 family have been released in bioinformatics databases, but only a few members of this family have been functionally characterized. In this study, we found that wheat TaPHT2;1 shared high identity with a subset of Pht2 in diverse plants. Expression analysis revealed ...
Eyaid Wafaa - - 2013
PURPOSE: Transaldolase deficiency is a recently described inborn error of pentose phosphate pathway. We conducted this study to further delineate the associated phenotype. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report on 12 new cases representing six families with this metabolic defect that were observed over an 8 year span. None of these cases ...
Wang Chih-Wei - - 2013
We investigate the effects of variation in chemical conditions (solvent composition, water content, polymer concentration and added salt) on the morphologies formed by PS-b-PAA in DMF/dioxane/water mixtures in a two-phase gas-liquid segmented microfluidic reactor. The differences in morphologies between off-chip and on-chip self-assembly and on-chip morphological trends for different chemical ...
Krutá Miriama - - 2013
The inevitable accumulation of chromosomal abnormalities in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) during in vitro expansion represents a considerable obstacle for cell replacement therapies. To determine the source of chromosomal abnormalities, we examined hESCs maintained in culture for over 55 months for defects in telomere maintenance and DNA repair. Although ...
Yin Wen - - 2013
AIMS: Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is critical for neural progenitor cell (NPC) migration after ischemia for nerve repair, but how hypoxic induction of SDF-1 is regulated has not been fully addressed. Here, we examined the regulation of SDF-1 hypoxic induction by the transcription factors nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and hypoxic ...
Gorges Tobias M - - 2013
Carcinomas (tumors of epithelial origin) are responsible for most of all new cancers in the industrialized countries. Due to the high mortality rate caused by the metastatic spread of aggressive cancer cells, there is an urgent demand in finding new biomarkers, which should detect early formation of metastases and monitor ...
Singh Sarita - - 2013
Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are remnants of ancestral exogenous retroviral infections fixed in the germ-line DNA. Although no longer infectious, they may be transcriptionally active and have recently been implicated in melanomagenesis because of the observation of HERV-K mRNA and proteins in melanoma tissue and antibodies to HERV proteins in ...
Shah Amit - - 2013
Since the discovery of anesthetic agents, patient monitoring has been considered one of the core responsibilities of the anesthesiologist. As depicted in Robert Hinckley's famous painting, The First Operation with Ether, one observes William Thomas Green Morton carefully watching over his patient. Since its founding in 1905, 'Vigilance' has been ...
Kok Miranda G M - - 2013
A recently developed capillary electrophoresis (CE)-negative-ionisation mass spectrometry (MS) method was used to profile anionic metabolites in a microbial-host co-metabolism study. Urine samples from rats receiving antibiotics (penicillin G and streptomycin sulfate) for 0, 4, or 8 days were analysed. A quality control sample was measured repeatedly to monitor the performance ...
Paats Marthe S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent findings in mouse models suggest that T helper (Th)17 cells, characterised by production of interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-22, are involved in the immunopathogenesis of pneumonia. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to identify the involvement of Th17 cells in human community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). DESIGN: Within 24 h of ...
Hegg-Deloye Sandrine - - 2013
PURPOSE: The impacts of emergency work on firefighters have been well documented and summarised, but this is not the case for paramedics. This paper explores the literature regarding the impact of work stress on paramedics. OBJECTIVE: To identify the literature available on the effect of paramedics' jobs on their health ...
Papadopoulou Konstantina - - 2013
The analysis of the non-linear and time-dependent viscoelasticity of the periodontal ligament (PDL) enables a better understanding of the biomechanical features of the key regulator tissue for tooth movement. This is of great significance in the field of orthodontics as targeted tooth movement remains still one of the main goals ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2013
BackgroundLeft atrial enlargement (LAE) reflects diastolic dysfunction and predicts mortality in end-stage renal disease patients. However, little is known of its prevalence and factors associated with subclinical LAE in earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD).MethodsWe conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study in 261 Stage 3-5 non-dialysis CKD patients without symptomatic ...
Dietl Andreas - - 2013
Phosphotyrosine binding domains (PTB) are protein-protein interaction domains that play important roles in various cellular signal transduction pathways. The second phosphotyrosine binding domain (PTB2) of the human scaffolding protein FE65 interacts with the C-terminal part of the Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) involved in Alzheimer's disease. The structure of PTB2 in ...
Märkl Bruno - - 2013
PURPOSE: Minimal lymph node involvement is a potential prognostic factor in colorectal cancer. The International Union Against Cancer defined tumour deposits between 0.2 and 2 mm as micrometastases and clusters and single-cell infiltrations below this cutoff as isolated tumour cells. Nevertheless, only a minority of studies discriminated metastatic involvements according to ...
Vega-Ramos Karla L - - 2013
In this study, 115 isolates of Fusarium oxysporum from roots of Agave tequilana Weber cv azul plants and soil in commercial plantations in western Mexico were characterized using morphological and molecular methods. Genetic analyses of monosporic isolates included restriction enzyme analysis of rDNA (ARDRA) using HaeIII and HinfI, and genetic ...
Caro-Vadillo A - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate survival in a population of 62 boxer dogs with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), without left ventricular systolic failure, based on the following factors: age at diagnosis, presence of syncopal episodes, Holter arrhythmia classification and administered treatment. Medical records of ...
Foulger Lauren - - 2013
Abstract Adolescence is an important stage of life when health behaviors and attitudes are established. The purpose of this research was to assess health risk behaviors among Guatemalan students in both an urban and rural school. Items were adapted from the Global School-based Student Health Survey and were used to ...
Srivannaboon Sabong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The accurrate and expedient ocular biometry is essential for modern cataract surgery. IOLMaster 500, one of the most popular partial coherence interferometry (PCI) device, has been widely used. However, with the PCI device, it is difficult to obtain the axial length through densely opaque media. With the current version ...
Zäske Romi - - 2013
Adaptation to male voices causes a subsequent voice to be perceived as more female, and vice versa. Similar contrastive aftereffects have been reported for phonetic perception, and in vision for face perception. However, while aftereffects in the perception of phonetic features of speech have been reported to persist even when ...
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