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Results 601 - 650 of 4439
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Bhide Alka A - - 2013
The role of muscle spasm is not a new concept in the genesis of pain. Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNTA) has been successfully employed in a variety of muscular and inflammatory conditions. The aim of our study was to review the published literature on the role of BoNTA injection of ...
Hensey Conor C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of low-flow oxygen, low-flow air and sham treatment given via nasal cannulae in preventing desaturation (falls in oxygen saturation (SpO(2))) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born at <33 weeks gestation receiving gas at flow rates <1 l/min via nasal cannulae were eligible for inclusion. ...
Pezic Angela - - 2013
Our aim was to examine the association between ethnicity, phenotype, sun behaviour and other characteristics, and constitutive and relative facultative skin pigmentation. 191 participants were recruited, with a mean age of 7.6 years (SD 3.4), during 2009-2011 from Maternal and Child Health Centres and schools in Melbourne, Australia. Parental questionnaire ...
Bao Yanyan - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of powerful, endogenous regulators of gene expression. This study identified 16 differentially expressed miRNAs in ischemic myocardium of rats using TaqMan Low Density Array. In addition, bioinformatics analyses, such as Gene ontology and Pathway assays, were applied to determine the apoptosis pathway, only regulated ...
Pruscino Cathryn L - - 2013
The objective of the study was to examine the effects of wearing compression garments for 24 h post-exercise on the biochemical, physical and perceived recovery of highly trained athletes. Eight field hockey players completed a match simulation exercise protocol on two occasions separated by 4 weeks after which lower-limb compression garments (CG) ...
Teng Chao-Yi - - 2013
The baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) is widely used as a tool for expressing of recombinant proteins in insect cells or larvae. However, the expression level of secretion pathway proteins is often lower than that of cytosolic and nucleus proteins. Thus, we attempted to improve production of secreted proteins by ...
Perez-Ruiz Fernando - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While several studies have reported a link between the presence of gout and adverse cardiovascular (CV) events in the general population, none has addressed the question of whether the mortality risk of patients with gout is influenced by disease severity. METHODS: We applied survival analysis methodology to prospectively collected ...
Guira O - - 2013
This article is a contribution to improve the management of serodiscordant couples in Ouagadougou. The aim of the study was to explore sexuality and the risk for sexual transmission of HIV among serodiscordant couples followed-up in CHU-YO. The study consisted of a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted over 6 months, from ...
Ahsan Syed Y - - 2013
AIMS: Despite the increasing number of device implants worldwide, little is known about the early and late complications of cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) or the incidence of these complications in patients with different heart failure aetiologies. We aim to determine procedural success and early and late complications in CRT patients.METHODS ...
Shimatani Yasuhiko - - 2013
PURPOSE: To create and determine the clinical feasibility of a model based on dynamic computed tomography (CT) and a bolus injection of iodine contrast medium for evaluation of pulmonary perfusion for healthy individuals and for patients with lung diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed pulmonary perfusion by means of dynamic ...
Park So Young - - 2013
PURPOSE: Acute respiratory failure that requires invasive mechanical ventilation is a leading cause of death in critically ill cancer patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome and prognostic factors of patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilator for acute respiratory failure, within 1 month of ambulatory chemotherapy for solid ...
Stavrou Ga - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the significance of the hypertrophy concept in patients requiring extended liver resections for colorectal metastasis in the time of computer assisted surgery. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patient collective undergoing major liver surgery. 2D CT, 3D CAS with Fraunhofer MeVis Sofware. Portal vein embolisation (PVE) with the ...
Shirasawa Kenta - - 2013
The complex, tetraploid genome structure of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) has obstructed advances in genetics and genomics in the species. The aim of this study is to understand the genome structure of Arachis by developing a high-density integrated consensus map. Three recombinant inbred line populations derived from crosses between the A ...
Chen Si - - 2013
This article describes the use of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) as a pretreatment technique for the determination of aflatoxins B(1), G(1), B(2), and G(2) in grains and grain products. The optimal operation parameters, including extraction solvent, temperature, and time, were identified to be acetonitrile as the extraction solvent at 80 °C with ...
Greige-Gerges Hélène - - 2013
To better understand the factors that contribute to the accumulation of unmetabolized parabens (p-hydroxybenzoic acid esters) in breast cancer tissue, we investigated the binding of a series of parabens (methyl-, ethyl-, butyl-, benzyl-paraben) to human serum albumin (HSA) by fluorescence spectroscopy and their ability to modify the binding parameters of ...
Lü Junchang - - 2013
Oviraptorids are a group of specialized non-avian theropod dinosaurs that were generally one to 8 m in body length. New specimens of baby oviraptorids from the Late Cretaceous of Henan Province are some of the smallest individuals known. They include diagnostic characters such as the relative position of the antorbital fenestra ...
Ishaq Lily - - 2013
The health of Eucalyptus gomphocephala is declining within its natural range in south-western Australia. In a pilot study to assess whether changes in mycorrhizal fungi and soil chemistry might be associated with E. gomphocephala decline, we set up a containerized bioassay experiment with E. gomphocephala as the trap plant using ...
Bermel Wolfgang - - 2013
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) have recently attracted the attention of the scientific community challenging the well accepted structure-function paradigm. In the characterization of the dynamic features of proteins nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) is a strategic tool of investigation. However the peculiar properties of IDPs, with the lack of a ...
Valgimigli Marco - - 2013
AimsThe purpose of this pre-specified analysis of the PROlonging Dual antiplatelet treatment after Grading stent-induced Intimal hyperplasia studY (PRODIGY) was to assess device-specific outcomes relative to different duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after Everolimus- (EES), Paclitaxel (PES), Zotarolimus- (ZES-S) eluting, or bare metal stents (BMS).Methods and resultsWe randomized 2013 ...
Spankowsky S - - 2013
The oral administration of the amino acid, tyrosine, has been for years recommended in order to improve fertility, especially to improve copulation behaviour in female dogs. However, evidence is comparatively poor. The objective of our study was to determine whether oral administration of tyrosine has an effect on oestradiol-17β concentrations ...
Akre Christina - - 2013
Abstract This study aimed at exploring adolescents' perceptions of unwanted sexual experiences (USE) in order to set up definitions, categories, and boundaries on the continuum between consensual and non-consensual sex. Methods: We conducted a qualitative thematic analysis of four focus group discussions gathering a total of 29 male and female ...
Courcoutsakis Nikos A - - 2013
The complex of myxomas, spotty skin pigmentation and endocrine overactivity, or Carney complex (CNC), is a familial multiple endocrine neoplasia and lentiginosis syndrome. CNC is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and is genetically heterogeneous. Its features overlap those of McCune-Albright syndrome and other multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes. Spotty ...
Gilmore Thomas D - - 2013
This report summarizes information discussed at the second Nematostella vectensis research conference, which took place on August 27, 2012 in Boston, MA, USA. The startlet sea anemone Nematostella is emerging as one of leading model organisms among cnidarians, in part because of the extensive genome and transcriptome resources that are ...
Lakshmi Rajagopalan - - 2013
Standardized methodology for drug susceptibility testing of second line drugs is vital for treatment of multi/extensively drug resistant tuberculosis. Discrepancy between laboratory methods and clinical interpretation is well established for bacteriostatic drugs such as ethionamide. Optimization of the standard proportion sensitivity testing (PST) method for ethionamide was under taken in ...
Wang Tsae-Jyy - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The specific aims of this study were as follows: (1) to describe psychosocial adjustment in adults with end-stage renal disease who underwent maintenance peritoneal dialysis; (2) to explore the influence of demographics, clinical variables, symptom distress and social support on psychosocial adjustment and (3) to determine predictive ...
Peura Lauri - - 2013
PURPOSE: Drug delivery to the brain is impeded by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Here, we attempted to enhance the brain uptake of cationic dopamine by utilizing the large amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1) at the BBB by prodrug approach. METHODS: Three amino acid prodrugs of dopamine were synthesized and their ...
Reilly Carolyn Miller - - 2013
PURPOSE: Patients with cancer experience acute and chronic symptoms caused by their underlying disease or by the treatment. While numerous studies have examined the impact of various treatments on symptoms experienced by cancer patients, there are inconsistencies regarding the symptoms measured and reported in treatment trials. This article presents a ...
Li Jing-Woei - - 2013
SUMMARY: Insertional mutagenesis from virus infection is an important pathogenic risk for the development of cancer. Despite the advent of high-throughput sequencing, discovery of viral integration sites and expressed viral fusion events are still limited. Here, we present ViralFusionSeq (VFS), which combines soft-clipping information, read-pair analysis, and targeted de novo ...
Takeuchi Hideki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Because of its superior efficacy to tamoxifen, anastrozole has been widely used in Japan as an adjuvant treatment for postmenopausal, hormone-responsive breast cancer patients. However, anastrozole may affect bone in Japanese patients similar to its effects in Western patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the rate ...
Pai Wan-Yu - - 2013
The activated cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) is exclusively responsible for food intake and weight gain and regulates several pathological features associated with obesity in mammals. However, the precise role of CB1R in non-mammalian model systems is poorly understood. To investigate the functions of CB1R in zebrafish liver, we conditionally expressed ...
El Kaffas Ahmed - - 2013
PURPOSE: Large doses of radiation (8-20 Gy) preferentially target tumor vasculature. This vascular response is suggested to regulate tumor response to radiotherapy. Here, we investigate the relative contributions of direct cell killing by radiation versus tumor cell death due to radiation effects on the vasculature. We also examine Sunitinib's mechanism of ...
Kaplan Kimberly A - - 2013
We report results of studies of global and targeted neuronal metabolomes by ambient pressure ion mobility mass spectrometry. The rat frontal cortex, striatum, and thalamus were sampled from control nontreated rats and those treated with acute cocaine or pargyline. Quantitative evaluations were made by standard additions or isotopic dilution. The ...
Moreno Ricardo - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Several studies seek biological markers that give diagnostic and degree of tumor development. The aim of this study was to validate the determination of plasma DNA using nanotechnology (NanovueTM-NV) in samples of 80 patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: Blood samples of 80 patients of the Urology Ambulatory of ...
Wiegels Tim - - 2013
MOTIVATION: In order to recognise remote relationships between RNA molecules, one must be able to align structures without regard to sequence similarity. We have implemented a method which is swift (O(n(2))), sensitive and tolerant of large gaps and insertions. Molecules are broken into overlapping fragments which are characterised by their ...
Flores-Rodríguez Patricia - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare optic disc area measurement between optic nerve head drusen (ONHD) and control subjects using fundus photography, time-domain optical coherence tomography (TD-OCT) and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). We also made a comparison between each of the three techniques. METHODS: We performed our study on 66 eyes (66 ...
Pfister Christina - - 2013
Apoptosis can be detected reliably by assaying for cleaved caspase-3, for which active caspase-3 antibodies are used in several methods, such as immunocytochemistry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and western blot. In this study, we used TaqMan protein assay (TPA), a novel method for protein detection and quantification that detects proteins by ...
Richert Ranko - - 2013
Physical aging below the glass transition temperature, Tg, is generally understood to be governed by the same slow degrees of freedom that are responsible for structural relaxation in the equilibrium state above Tg. Provided a reliable model of aging is at hand, it should thus be possible to extract very ...
Fahey James R - - 2013
Currently, there is the potential to generate over 200,000 mutant mouse strains between existing mouse strains (over 24,000) and genetically modified mouse embryonic stem cells (over 209,000) that have been entered into the International Mouse Strain Resource Center (IMSR) from laboratories and repositories all over the world. The number of ...
Hoene Andreas - - 2013
Copper (Cu) could serve as antibacterial coating for Ti6Al4V implants. An additional cell-adhesive layer might compensate Cu cytotoxicity. This study aimed at in vitro and in vivo evaluation of low-temperature plasma treatment of Ti6Al4V plates with Ti/Cu magnetron sputtering (Ti6Al4V-Ti/Cu), plasma-polymerized ethylenediamine (Ti6Al4V-PPEDA), or both (Ti6Al4V-Ti/Cu-PPEDA). Ti6Al4V-Ti/Cu and Ti6Al4V-Ti/Cu-PPEDA had ...
Fahim Ayman Ekram - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the level of job satisfaction and the work factors associated with it among practicing dentists in Suez Canal governorates hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred forty nine dentists were contacted, and 277 agreed to participate (response rate 61.7%). They were surveyed ...
Dietz H P - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Multichannel urodynamic testing is commonly used to diagnose urodynamic stress incontinence (USI). It has been claimed that USI may be diagnosed by imaging. In this study we determined the predictive value of ultrasound findings for USI. METHODS: This is an observational study utilising data obtained during urodynamic ...
Caillol Fabrice - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Most modalities for tissue confirmation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) suffer from low sensitivity and poor diagnostic accuracy. Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) was prospectively evaluated in a multicenter registry including 102 patients with indeterminate strictures and demonstrated excellent sensitivity (98 %). Yet, several false-positive cases were induced by benign ...
Zhang Hai-Lan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of appendiceal phlegmon or abscess with an appendicolith is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate outcomes and prognosis of nonoperative management of appendiceal phlegmon or abscess with an appendicolith in children. METHODS: From 2007 to 2011, 105 children with appendiceal phlegmon or abscess who were treated ...
Misiorowski W - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: Accelerated rate of bone turnover and increased resorption due to primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) result in osteopenia and an increase in the fracture risk. However, there are no data about the relative frequency of the PHPT in the subpopulation with the low bone mass. The aim of the study ...
Buysschaert Geraldine - - 2013
Short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR) encompass a large and functionally diverse family of enzymes with representative members in all kingdoms of life. Despite the wealth of reactions catalyzed by SDR, they operate through a well-conserved and efficient reaction mechanism centered in a conserved catalytic tetrad (Asn-Ser-Tyr-Lys), and the employment of an appropriate ...
Bu Jun - - 2013
Heroin is a highly addictive drug, and heroin abuse is considered to be a serious criminal act. The major metabolite of heroin, morphine, can usually be detected as evidence of heroin abuse. However, it is difficult to determine heroin use when morphine and codeine are both detected, because codeine use ...
Russell Robert D - - 2013
PURPOSE: Preoperative range of motion (ROM) has been regarded as one of the most important factors in predicting postoperative ROM following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Mobile-bearing TKA designs have been suggested to possibly improve the knee kinematics compared to fixed-bearing designs. The purpose of this study was to examine the ...
Roy Amanda Leigh - - 2013
Although past research has demonstrated a "health disadvantage" for Puerto Rican adults, very little is known about correlates of health among this group. Given Puerto Ricans' unique experiences of migration and settlement, an ethnic enclave framework that integrates nativity, ethnic density, and neighborhood SES may offer insight into factors influencing ...
Bellino Claudio - - 2013
In order to investigate the prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTI) in sow, lower urinary tract (LUT), kidney and urine samples were collected at slaughterhouse from 65 multiparous culled sows. Histopathology was performed on urethra, urinary bladder and -kidney sections. Urine collected by cystocentesis was analysed for physical and biochemical parameters, in ...
You Zhi-Qing - - 2013
A Gram-positive bacterium, designated SCSIO 15042(T), was isolated from a sediment of the South China Sea and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The isolate grew at 20-60 °C, pH 6.0-10.0 and it could grow with up to 10 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall diamino acid was found to be meso-diaminopimelic ...
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