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Shukla U - - 2013
Has the change in donor anonymity legislation in UK affected the recruitment of men wanting to be sperm donors and also affected the attitudes of the practitioners who provide donor sperm treatment? We have performed fewer IUI and IVF treatments using donor sperm following the change in legislation in April ...
Pal Tarasankar - - 2013
Evolution of fluorescence from giant core-shell particle is new and synergistic which requires both gold and silver ions in an appropriate ratio in glutathione (GSH) solution. The formation of highly fluorescent Ag2/Ag3 clusters on the surface of Au(I) assembly results in giant Au(I)core -Ag(0)shell water soluble microparticles (~ 500 nm). ...
Park So Young - - 2013
PURPOSE: Acute respiratory failure that requires invasive mechanical ventilation is a leading cause of death in critically ill cancer patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome and prognostic factors of patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilator for acute respiratory failure, within 1 month of ambulatory chemotherapy for solid ...
Stavrou Ga - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the significance of the hypertrophy concept in patients requiring extended liver resections for colorectal metastasis in the time of computer assisted surgery. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patient collective undergoing major liver surgery. 2D CT, 3D CAS with Fraunhofer MeVis Sofware. Portal vein embolisation (PVE) with the ...
Shirasawa Kenta - - 2013
The complex, tetraploid genome structure of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) has obstructed advances in genetics and genomics in the species. The aim of this study is to understand the genome structure of Arachis by developing a high-density integrated consensus map. Three recombinant inbred line populations derived from crosses between the A ...
Chen Si - - 2013
This article describes the use of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) as a pretreatment technique for the determination of aflatoxins B(1), G(1), B(2), and G(2) in grains and grain products. The optimal operation parameters, including extraction solvent, temperature, and time, were identified to be acetonitrile as the extraction solvent at 80 °C with ...
Zhu Weimin W Department of Sports Medicine, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, No.3002, Sungang W. Road, Futian District, Shenzhen, 518035, People's Republic of - - 2013
Based on biomechanical cadaver studies, anatomical double-bundle reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) was introduced to achieve better stability in the knee, particularly in respect of rotatory loads. Previously, the success of ACL reconstruction was believed to be mainly dependent on correct positioning of the graft, irrespective of the ...
Breese Marcus R MR Center for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2013
NGSUtils is a suite of software tools for manipulating data common to next-generation sequencing experiments, such as FASTQ, BED and BAM format files. These tools provide a stable and modular platform for data management and analysis. NGSUtils is available under a BSD license and works on Mac OS X and ...
Greige-Gerges Hélène - - 2013
To better understand the factors that contribute to the accumulation of unmetabolized parabens (p-hydroxybenzoic acid esters) in breast cancer tissue, we investigated the binding of a series of parabens (methyl-, ethyl-, butyl-, benzyl-paraben) to human serum albumin (HSA) by fluorescence spectroscopy and their ability to modify the binding parameters of ...
Lü Junchang - - 2013
Oviraptorids are a group of specialized non-avian theropod dinosaurs that were generally one to 8 m in body length. New specimens of baby oviraptorids from the Late Cretaceous of Henan Province are some of the smallest individuals known. They include diagnostic characters such as the relative position of the antorbital fenestra ...
Lehnert Michael - - 2013
The bio-modification of surfaces especially titanium, is an important issue in current biomedical research. Regarding titanium, it is also important to ensure a specific protein modification of its surface, because here too random protein binding can be observed. Specific nanoscale architectures can be applied to overcome this problem. As recently ...
Willie Christopher K - - 2013
The post-exercise period is associated with hypotension, and an increased risk of syncope attributed to decreases in venous return and/or vascular resistance. Increased local and systemic vasodilators, sympatholysis, and attenuated baroreflex sensitivity following exercise are also manifest. Although resting cerebral blood flow is maintained, cerebrovascular regulation to acute decreases in ...
Carpenter Delesha M DM Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, CB#7573, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
The primary purpose of this article is to document whether demographic, clinical, regimen-related, intrapersonal, and interpersonal factors predict medication non-adherence for vasculitis patients. A secondary purpose is to explore whether adherence varies by medication type and whether patients experienced drug-related side effects. Vasculitis patients (n = 228) completed online baseline ...
Ryan P - - 2013
Little is known about the dimensions of osteoporosis prevention programs essential to changing health behaviors. The purpose of this review was to determine the impact of select characteristics of structured osteoporosis prevention programs on calcium intake in women. This systematic review included 12 experimental and quasi-experimental studies conducted internationally with ...
- - 2013
Equine infectious anaemia in Europe Equine herpesvirus in the UK Summary of surveillance testing, July to September 2012 These are among matters discussed in the quarterly equine disease surveillance report for July to September 2012, prepared by Defra, the Animal Health Trust and the British Equine Veterinary Association.
Lakos A - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: The evaluation of the correspondence between positive Borrelia burgdorferi antibody response and the clinical symptoms attributed to Lyme disease is especially important in labour rights-related issues among forestry workers. Material and Methods: Between 1992 and 1995, 1670 forestry workers were surveyed and tested serologically for Lyme borreliosis in ...
Anthony T Renée TR Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, 105 River Street, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2013
Computational fluid dynamics was used to investigate particle aspiration efficiency in low-moving air typical of occupational settings (0.1-0.4 m s(-1)). Fluid flow surrounding an inhaling humanoid form and particle trajectories traveling into the mouth were simulated for seven discrete orientations relative to the oncoming wind (0°, 15°, 30°, 60°, 90°, ...
Li Lun - - 2013
Single-layer single-crystalline SnSe nanosheets with four-atomic thickness of ~1.0 nm and lateral size of ~300 nm is presented here by using a one-pot synthetic method. It is found that 1,10-phenanthroline plays an important role in determining the morphology of the SnSe product as three dimensional SnSe nanoflowers are obtained in ...
Macwan Ankit S - - 2013
Enzyme "hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) dehydrochlorinase LinA" mediates first step of aerobic microbial degradation of a chlorinated insecticide γ-HCH. The archetypal LinA-type1 consists of 156 amino acids that include a directly repeated hexapeptide motif GIHFAP at positions 141-146 and 148-153. Analysis of a series of LinA mutants, containing none, one, two, or ...
Bellino Claudio - - 2013
In order to investigate the prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTI) in sow, lower urinary tract (LUT), kidney and urine samples were collected at slaughterhouse from 65 multiparous culled sows. Histopathology was performed on urethra, urinary bladder and -kidney sections. Urine collected by cystocentesis was analysed for physical and biochemical parameters, in ...
You Zhi-Qing - - 2013
A Gram-positive bacterium, designated SCSIO 15042(T), was isolated from a sediment of the South China Sea and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The isolate grew at 20-60 °C, pH 6.0-10.0 and it could grow with up to 10 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall diamino acid was found to be meso-diaminopimelic ...
Post Teun M - - 2013
A recently proposed mechanism-based disease systems model for osteoporosis (Schmidt et al., J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn 38:873-900, 2011) was applied to clinical data from post-menopausal women (n = 767) receiving various doses of the selective estrogen receptor modulator tibolone. Plasma bone-specific alkaline phosphatase activity and urinary N-telopeptide were used as biomarkers reflecting the ...
Lee Mi Hyun - - 2013
Congenital tuberculosis is a rare disease which is curable after early diagnosis. Making an early diagnosis of tuberculosis in an infant is difficult, however, because of its nonspecific clinical findings. It therefore requires a high index of suspicion. In this paper we report the case of an infant with disseminated ...
Poomthavorn Preamrudee - - 2013
Abstract Data on glucose metabolism in Asian adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are limited. Glucose metabolism assessment using an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in obese and lean Thai adolescents with PCOS, and a comparison between the two groups were done. Thirty-one patients (19 obese, 12 lean) were enrolled. ...
Oliveira Erick Prado - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: High plasma uric acid (UA) is a prerequisite for gout and is also associated with the metabolic syndrome and its components and consequently risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Hence, the management of UA serum concentrations would be essential for the treatment and/or prevention of human diseases and, to ...
Jung Man-Young - - 2013
A Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, straight or curved rod-shaped marine bacterium was isolated from marine sediment of the East Sea, Korea. The isolated strain, JG120-1(T), grows with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl and at 15-30 °C and pH 6-9. α-galactosidase activity test was positive. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence studies showed that this strain ...
Dobson Ruth - - 2013
Additional autoimmune diseases in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and their relatives have been studied many times. Studies have employed different designs, and yielded conflicting results. We performed a systematic review, and calculated overall risk of additional autoimmune diseases in people with MS and their first-degree relatives. PubMed and Web ...
Bertagna Francesco - - 2013
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are intraductal mucin-producing neoplasms with tall columnar, mucin-containing epithelium, with or without papillary projections, involving the main pancreatic duct and/or major side branches. They account for approximately 25 % of all cystic neoplasms and can be subdivided into benign lesions, borderline lesions, and carcinoma. In this ...
Dallos Tomás - - 2013
Objective. Haemochromatosis arthropathy is a secondary OA and the most frequent and earliest clinical presentation of hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). The aim of this study was to perform a direct clinical, functional and radiographic comparison with idiopathic hand OA (HOA) to unravel important differences between these clinical entities.Methods. In total, 299 ...
Cho Kwang Ho - - 2013
OBJECTS: During ontogeny, part of Rathke's pouch, a physiologically superior pouching of the stomodeal ectoderm, may remain, forming the usual anomaly known as Rathke's cleft cyst. More rarely, however, the entire pouch (i.e., the craniopharyngeal canal) remains, resulting in transsphenoidal meningoencephalocele. This study is aimed to provide a better understanding ...
MacRae Calum A - - 2013
Our understanding of the complexity of arrhythmogenesis has grown progressively over the last two decades. The range of established arrhythmia mechanisms now includes numerous pathways including ion channels, membrane adaptor proteins, transcription factors and cytoplasmic signaling cascades. This review outlines the emerging biology underlying potentially lethal rhythm disturbances, and highlights ...
Cao Ran R Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery System, Ministry of Education, West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, PR - - 2013
Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) is used to treat cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. However, it displays a short half-life that restricts clinical applications. 2-Hydroxymethyl-3,5,6-trimethylpyrazine (HTMP) is the principal active metabolite of TMP, with similar activity of TMP. Therefore, it makes sense to improve the biopharmaceutical characteristics via HTMP bypassing TMP. To prolong the ...
Zittermann Armin - - 2013
AimsA significant proportion of cardiac surgical patients develop critical post-operative complications. We aimed to investigate the association of pre-operative 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels with major cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in cardiac surgical patients.Methods and resultsFrom January 2010 to August 2011, we consecutively measured circulating 25(OH)D in 4418 operated patients. ...
Simal Julián Juan Antonio JA Neurosurgical Department, HUyP La Fe de Valencia, Blv Sur, S/N., Valencia, Spain. - - 2013
Indocyanine green videoangiography (IGV) has proven its effectiveness in the field of exovascular neurosurgery, both in the intracranial and spinal compartment, but is necessary to define a systematic process for the performance of the IGV to facilitate its interpretation during the procedure. We have defined and applied the concept of ...
Mata-Rocha Minerva - - 2013
CatSper channels are essential for hyperactivity of sperm flagellum, progesterone-mediated chemotaxis and oocyte fertilisation. Catsper genes are exclusively expressed in the testis during spermatogenesis, but the function and regulation of the corresponding promoter regions are unknown. Here, we report the cloning and characterization of the promoter regions in the human ...
Creswell J David - - 2013
Brief periods of unconscious thought have been shown to improve decision-making compared to making an immediate decision. We reveal a neural mechanism for unconscious thought in decision making using BOLD contrast fMRI. Participants (N=33) encoded information on a set of consumer products (e.g., 48 attributes describing 4 different cars), and ...
Nakazawa Harumasa - - 2013
A 51-year-old Japanese male underwent on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. After weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (348 min), sudden bradycardia and hypotension occurred, followed by ventricular fibrillation. Although defibrillation and infusion of catecholamine restored sinus rhythm, transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated severely reduced contraction of both ventricles, and perioperative vascular spasm was suspected. ...
Tsoi Ho - - 2013
Polyglutamine (polyQ) diseases, including several types of spinocerebellar ataxias and Huntington's disease (HD), are dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorders caused by the expansion of the glutamine-coding CAG repeat in the open reading frame of the disease gene. Apart from being translated to produce toxic elongated polyQ domain-containing disease proteins, transcribed expanded ...
Kulkarni Sneha A - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of the particle size and surface coating on the cellular uptake of the polymeric nanoparticles for drug delivery across the physiological drug barrier with emphasis on the gastrointestinal (GI) barrier for oral chemotherapy and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) for imaging and therapy of brain cancer. ...
Kuntz Jan J Department of Medical Physics in Radiology, German Cancer Research Center-DKFZ, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. - - 2013
A new technology is introduced that enables real-time 4D (three spatial dimensions plus time) X-ray guidance for vascular catheter interventions with acceptable levels of ionising radiation. The enabling technology is a combination of low-dose tomographic data acquisition with novel compressed sensing reconstruction and use of prior image information. It was ...
Pruscino Cathryn L - - 2013
The objective of the study was to examine the effects of wearing compression garments for 24 h post-exercise on the biochemical, physical and perceived recovery of highly trained athletes. Eight field hockey players completed a match simulation exercise protocol on two occasions separated by 4 weeks after which lower-limb compression garments (CG) ...
Teng Chao-Yi - - 2013
The baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) is widely used as a tool for expressing of recombinant proteins in insect cells or larvae. However, the expression level of secretion pathway proteins is often lower than that of cytosolic and nucleus proteins. Thus, we attempted to improve production of secreted proteins by ...
Luo Juhua - - 2013
Post-menopausal hormone therapy with estrogen plus progestin is consistently reported to be associated with an increased risk of invasive breast cancer. However, findings on an association between hormone use and ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast (DCIS), a possible precursor lesion of invasive breast cancer, are sparse and inconsistent. ...
Perez-Ruiz Fernando - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While several studies have reported a link between the presence of gout and adverse cardiovascular (CV) events in the general population, none has addressed the question of whether the mortality risk of patients with gout is influenced by disease severity. METHODS: We applied survival analysis methodology to prospectively collected ...
Merritt M A MA Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Do reproductive risk factor associations differ across subgroups of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) defined by the dualistic model (type I/II) or a histologic pathway-based classification? Associations with parity, history of endometriosis, tubal ligation and hysterectomy were found to differ in the context of the type I/II and the histologic ...
Jones Bruce Vivash - - 2013
The American Veterinary Medical Association is marking its 150th anniversary in 2013, celebrating '150 years of education, science and service'. As Bruce Vivash Jones explains, veterinary surgeons from the UK played a key role in establishing a system of veterinary education in North America.
Berzina Nadezhda - - 2013
The effects of high dose ascorbic acid (10 000 mg·kg(-1) in the diet) and the transition metal on the presence of oxidative stress in the internal organs of growing chicks, as well as on the innate immune system status, were investigated. Supplementation with a high dose of ascorbic acid had pro-inflammatory effects ...
Jie Ding - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The first identified lysine-specific demethylase, LSD1, plays an important role in the metastatic progression of several types of cancer. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate LSD1, E-cadherin, and N-cadherin expression in colon cancer specimens and their clinical significance. METHODS: The expression of LSD1, E-cadherin, and N-cadherin ...
Boulet Sheree L - - 2013
Higher frequencies of pregnancy complications have been reported among women with sickle cell disease (SCD) compared with those without SCD; however, past studies are limited by small sample size, narrow geographic area, and use of hospital discharge data. We compared the prevalence of maternal complications among intrapartum and postpartum women ...
Simon F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has become a very frequent procedure in bariatric surgery due to its efficacy and simplicity compared to gastric bypass. Gastric staple line leak (1 to 7 % of cases) is a severe complication with a long nonstandardized treatment. The aim of this retrospective study was to examine ...
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