Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 4440
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Zaki Jamil - - 2013
Although altruistic and selfish behaviors seem fundamentally incommensurate, humans regularly choose between them. One model of such choices suggests that individuals ascribe a common form of subjective value to their own outcomes and those of others. To test this person invariance hypothesis, we asked individuals to choose between allocating varying ...
Thirugnanasambantham Krishnaraj - - 2013
Bud dormancy is of ecological and economical interest due to its impact on tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) plant growth and yield. Growth regulation associated with dormancy is an essential element in plant's life cycle that leads to changes in expression of large number of genes. In order to ...
Oemisch Luise - - 2013
Experimental determination of oil-water partition coefficients often poses difficulties associated with emulsion formation. The aim of this work was to find an appropriate technique for determination of oil-water partition coefficients of polar, nonvolatile compounds. Two different methods were tested. The first method used a "silicone membrane equilibrator." For the second ...
Gordon Christopher T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Auriculocondylar syndrome (ACS) is a rare craniofacial disorder consisting of micrognathia, mandibular condyle hypoplasia and a specific malformation of the ear at the junction between the lobe and helix. Missense heterozygous mutations in the phospholipase C, β 4 (PLCB4) and guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), α inhibiting activity ...
Sipahi Savas - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Diabetes is an important reason for end-stage renal failure and diabetic foot wounds worsen the life qualities of these patients. Protein and amino acid support accelerates the wound healing. The purpose of this retrospective study is to examine the effect of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate, arginine and glutamine (Abound(R)) supplementation on ...
Werner K T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) increases with the severity of liver disease. Development of PVT is often accompanied by increased rate of morbidity and mortality and may affect patient candidacy for liver transplant. There is limited data regarding the role of anticoagulation therapy in patients with PVT ...
Sobocki Jacek - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Autonomic and vagal neuromodulation has been suggested for the treatment of morbid obesity. Occipital nerves remain in close anatomical relation to vagal nerve roots at the entrance to medulla oblongata. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of C1-C2 occipital neuromodulation on autonomic activity, body mass, ...
Kretschmer Lutz - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The value of a preoperative lymphoscintigraphy in melanoma patients with clinically evident regional lymph node metastases has not been studied. Therapeutic lymph node dissection (TLND) is regarded as the clinical standard, but the appropriate extent of TLND is controversial in all lymphatic basins. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 115 ...
Ayati Adile - - 2013
A series of thiazoline-incorporated chalconoids, designed based on natural product scaffold, were efficiently synthesized via the reaction of 3-methyl-4-arylthiazole-2(3[Formula: see text])-thiones and appropriate phenacyl halides, and subsequent desulfurization. The starting 3-methyl-4- arylthiazole-2(3[Formula: see text])-thiones were also prepared from phenacyl halides. The structural aspects and ([Formula: see text])-geometry of compounds were ...
Toth Ildiko - - 2013
Mortality due to septic-shock-induced respiratory failure remains high. A recent meta-analysis suggested that IgM-enriched immunoglobulin treatment may be beneficial in these patients. In this prospective randomised controlled pilot study we investigated the effects of IgM-enriched immunoglobulin treatment in patients with early septic shock accompanied by severe respiratory failure. 33 patients ...
Brendler C - - 2013
Laser-based ion mobility (IM) spectrometry was used for the detection of neuroleptics and PAH. A gas chromatograph was connected to the IM spectrometer in order to investigate compounds with low vapour pressure. The substances were ionized by resonant two-photon ionization at the wavelengths λ = 213 and 266 nm and pulse energies between ...
Yan Xin-Long - - 2013
Recent evidence indicates that cancer-associated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play a pivotal role in modulating tumor progression. However, the interactions between liver cancer-associated MSCs (LC-MSCs) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unreported. Here, for the first time, we identified the presence of MSCs in HCC tissues. We also showed that LC-MSCs ...
Bhide Alka A - - 2013
A biomarker is an indicator of a particular disease. It is generally used to define the presence (diagnostic biomarker), severity, progression (prognostic biomarker) of a condition and/or its response to a specific treatment (predictive biomarker). Biomarkers can be specific cells, enzymes, hormones, genes or gene products, which can be detected ...
Williams Teresa A - - 2013
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop and test strategies to reduce interruptions to enteral feeding to improve practice and promote attainment of nutritional goals. BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition is preferred for feeding patients in the intensive care unit who are unable to have oral nutrition. Interruption to feeding is likely to be ...
Beaulieu Robert - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Management of fistula-in-ano requires understanding of both perianal and rectal anatomy, as well as the surgical approaches available to ensure the highest possible postoperative continence and wound healing. Further, high rates of recurrence with medical management commonly bring these patients under the care of the colorectal surgeon after variable ...
Theveneau Eric - - 2013
Directional cell migration is required for proper embryogenesis, immunity, and healing, and its underpinning regulatory mechanisms are often hijacked during diseases such as chronic inflammations and cancer metastasis. Studies on migratory epithelial tissues have revealed that cells can move as a collective group with shared responsibilities. First thought to be ...
Liu Wen-Xiu - - 2013
The levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in the water, suspended solids, and sediments from Lake Chaohu during the high water level period were measured by a solid-phase extraction gas chromatograph-electron capture detector. The spatial distributions of the three phases and the water/suspended solids and sediment/water partition coefficients were analyzed. The ...
Giovacchini Giampiero - - 2013
PURPOSE: Myocardial ischaemia is frequently silent in patients with type 2 diabetes. Although it has been proposed as a potential screening tool, the role of myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (MPS) has recently been questioned, due to the low prevalence of positive scans and the low rate of ...
Neu Volker - - 2013
A reaction scheme was derived for the thermal degradation of thyroxine in the solid state using data obtained from ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS). For studying the reaction mechanism and kinetics of the thermal degradation of the pharmaceutical in the solid state, a workflow was developed by ...
Holly Alice C - - 2013
We have previously described a statistical model capable of distinguishing young (age<65yrs) from old (age≥75yrs) individuals. Here we studied the performance of a modified model in three populations and determined whether individuals predicted to be biologically younger than their chronological age had biochemical and functional measures consistent with a younger ...
Bellés Montserrat - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the daily dietary intake of uranium (U) by the general population of Catalonia, Spain. Uranium concentrations were measured in foods widely consumed by the population living in that autonomous community. Food samples were randomly acquired in 12 representative cities of Catalonia. The ...
Knerr Wendy - - 2013
Family and youth violence are increasingly recognized as key public health issues in developing countries. Parenting interventions form an important evidence-based strategy for preventing violence, both against and by children, yet most rigorous trials of parenting interventions have been conducted in high-income countries, with far fewer in low- and middle-income ...
Mapelli P - - 2013
PURPOSE: Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is a rare and aggressive tumour that is usually sensitive to chemotherapy. The usefulness of conventional imaging modalities in evaluating treatment response is limited, mainly due to the difficulty in differentiating between residual tumour tissue and necrosis. The aim of the present study was to ...
Daghistani Razan - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNET) are classically considered as benign, cortically based tumors that are stable. However, there were case reports that suggested DNET may not be as benign as previously thought. The purpose of our study was to identify atypical location, characteristics, and behavior of DNET in children. METHODS: ...
Ibsen Stuart - - 2013
Sparing sensitive healthy tissue from chemotherapy exposure is a critical challenge in the treatment of cancer. The work described here demonstrates the localized in vivo photo-activation of a new chemotherapy prodrug of doxorubicin (DOX). The DOX prodrug (DOX-PCB) was 200 times less toxic to cells, but released pure DOX when ...
Vivekanandan-Giri Anuradha - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Phagocyte-derived myeloperoxidase (MPO) and pro-inflammatory high density lipoprotein (HDL) associate with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the link between MPO and HDL has not been systematically examined. In this study, we investigated whether MPO can oxidise HDL and determined MPO-specific oxidative signature by apoA-1 by peptide mapping in RA subjects ...
Sakai Tsutomu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in health-related and vision-related quality of life (HR-QoL and VR-QoL) in patients with Behçet uveitis (BU) receiving infliximab therapy. METHODS: Twenty patients with recurrent BU attacks were enrolled. All patients were treated with infliximab. We evaluated the mean number of uveitis attacks and the mean ...
Kusz-Zamelczyk Kamila - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Nanos gene is a key translational regulator of specific mRNAs involved in Drosophila germ cell development. Disruption of mammalian homologues, Nanos2 or Nanos3, causes male infertility in mice. In humans, however, no evidence of NANOS2 or NANOS3 mutations causing male infertility has been reported. Although Nanos1 seems dispensable ...
Zajdel Radosław - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Legislation systems of most countries prohibited using the handheld mobile phone while driving due to the fact that it disturbs concentration and causes hand involvement. Every phone owner is accustomed to the ringtone of his phone and almost involuntarily endeavors to pick it up or check who calls. This ...
Healy Donagh A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Full-body CT scanning is increasingly being used in the initial evaluation of severely injured patients. We sought to analyse the literature to determine the benefits of full-body scanning in terms of mortality and length of time spent in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: A systematic search of the Pubmed ...
Vazquez Rodriguez Gabriela - - 2013
Angiogenesis has been considered an important target for cancer therapy. The inhibition of angiogenesis represents a promising strategy for anti-cancer treatment, tumor growth inhibition, and metastasis. Vasostatin 30 (Vs30), and the 14.1 kDa vasoinhibin (Vi-II-14.1) are two peptides with remarkable anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic effect. The aim of this study was to ...
Warschkow Rene - - 2013
While LRYGB has become a cornerstone in the surgical treatment of morbidly obese patients, concomitant cholecystectomy during LRYGB remains a matter of debate. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the rate and morbidity of subsequent cholecystectomy after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in obese patients. A meta-analysis was ...
Van Gosen Bradley S - - 2013
Erionite, a mineral series within the zeolite group, is classified as a Group 1 known respiratory carcinogen. This designation resulted from extremely high incidences of mesothelioma discovered in three small villages from the Cappadocia region of Turkey, where the disease was linked to environmental exposures to fibrous forms of erionite. ...
Ma Yi-Shih - - 2013
Crude extract of Rheum palmatum L (CERP) has been used to treat different diseases in the Chinese population for decades. In this study, we investigated the effects of CERP on LS1034 human colorectal cancer cells in vitro and also examined possible mechanisms of cell death. Flow cytometric assays were used ...
Yang Dan - - 2013
A facile thermal decomposing method has been developed for the fabrication of CoxP nanostructures with controlled size, phase and shape (e.g. Co2P rod and spheres, CoP hollow and solid particles). An amorphous carbon layer could be introduced by the carbonization of organic surfactants from the precursors. The electrochemical performance of ...
Bluguermann Carolina - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) were initially isolated from the bone marrow and received their name on the basis of their ability to differentiate into multiple lineages such as bone, cartilage, fat and muscle. However, more recent studies suggest that MSCs residing in perivascular compartments of the small and ...
Zhang Chengjun - - 2013
SUMMARY: gKaKs is a codon-based genome level Ka/Ks computation pipeline developed and based on programs from four widely used packages: BLAT, BLASTALL (including bl2seq, formatdb and fastacmd), PAML (including codeml and yn00) and KaKs_Calculator (including 10 substitution rate estimation methods). gKaKs can automatically detect and eliminate frame-shift mutations and premature ...
Mumm Patrick - - 2013
Anion transporters in plants play a fundamental role in volume regulation and signaling. Currently, two plasma membrane located anion channel families - SLAC/SLAH and ALMT - are known. Among the ALMT family the root expressed ALuminium-activated Malate Transporter 1 was identified by a comparative screen between aluminum-tolerant and Al(3+)-sensitive wheat ...
Fareri Dominic S - - 2013
Social interactions occur within a variety of different contexts-cooperative/competitive-and often involve members of our social network. Here we investigated whether social network modulated the value placed on positive outcomes during a competitive context. Eighteen human participants played a simple card-guessing game with three different competitors: a close friend (in-network), a ...
Navari Rudolph M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Olanzapine has been shown to be a safe and effective agent for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Olanzapine may also be an effective rescue medication for patients who develop breakthrough CINV despite having received guideline-directed CINV prophylaxis. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized phase III trial was performed ...
Bhide Alka A - - 2013
The role of muscle spasm is not a new concept in the genesis of pain. Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNTA) has been successfully employed in a variety of muscular and inflammatory conditions. The aim of our study was to review the published literature on the role of BoNTA injection of ...
Eid Tony - - 2013
Congenital kyphoscoliosis (CKS) results from abnormal vertebral chondrification. Congenital fibrous bands occur in several locations with variable impact on vertebral development. We report a previously unreported case of a female infant with CKS presenting with an L2 hypoplastic vertebra and a costo-vertebral fibrous band extending to the skin in the ...
Hensey Conor C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of low-flow oxygen, low-flow air and sham treatment given via nasal cannulae in preventing desaturation (falls in oxygen saturation (SpO(2))) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born at <33 weeks gestation receiving gas at flow rates <1 l/min via nasal cannulae were eligible for inclusion. ...
Pezic Angela - - 2013
Our aim was to examine the association between ethnicity, phenotype, sun behaviour and other characteristics, and constitutive and relative facultative skin pigmentation. 191 participants were recruited, with a mean age of 7.6 years (SD 3.4), during 2009-2011 from Maternal and Child Health Centres and schools in Melbourne, Australia. Parental questionnaire ...
Bao Yanyan - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of powerful, endogenous regulators of gene expression. This study identified 16 differentially expressed miRNAs in ischemic myocardium of rats using TaqMan Low Density Array. In addition, bioinformatics analyses, such as Gene ontology and Pathway assays, were applied to determine the apoptosis pathway, only regulated ...
Kuntz Jan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A new technology is introduced that enables real-time 4D (three spatial dimensions plus time) X-ray guidance for vascular catheter interventions with acceptable levels of ionising radiation. METHODS: The enabling technology is a combination of low-dose tomographic data acquisition with novel compressed sensing reconstruction and use of prior image information. ...
Pruscino Cathryn L - - 2013
The objective of the study was to examine the effects of wearing compression garments for 24 h post-exercise on the biochemical, physical and perceived recovery of highly trained athletes. Eight field hockey players completed a match simulation exercise protocol on two occasions separated by 4 weeks after which lower-limb compression garments (CG) ...
Teng Chao-Yi - - 2013
The baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) is widely used as a tool for expressing of recombinant proteins in insect cells or larvae. However, the expression level of secretion pathway proteins is often lower than that of cytosolic and nucleus proteins. Thus, we attempted to improve production of secreted proteins by ...
Walesky Chad - - 2013
HNF4α, the master regulator of hepatocyte differentiation, has been recently shown to inhibit hepatocyte proliferation via unknown mechanisms. We investigated the mechanisms of HNF4α-induced inhibition of hepatocyte proliferation using a novel TAM-inducible, hepatocyte specific HNF4α knockdown mouse model. Hepatocyte specific deletion of HNF4αin adult mice resulted in increased hepatocyte proliferation ...
Perez-Ruiz Fernando - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While several studies have reported a link between the presence of gout and adverse cardiovascular (CV) events in the general population, none has addressed the question of whether the mortality risk of patients with gout is influenced by disease severity. METHODS: We applied survival analysis methodology to prospectively collected ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >