Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 4440
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Anderton Ryan S - - 2013
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a devastating and often fatal neurodegenerative disease that affects spinal motor neurons and leads to progressive muscle wasting and paralysis. The survival of motor neuron (SMN) gene is mutated or deleted in most forms of SMA, which results in a critical reduction in SMN protein. ...
Evang Johan Arild - - 2013
Recently, correlations between corticotroph tumor dedifferentiation and both E-cadherin immunostaining and reduced mRNA expression of the E-cadherin gene (CDH1) have been demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to explore whether tumor dedifferentiation correlated with glucocorticoid resistance and whether the resistance was associated with both positively and negatively regulated genes. ...
Sirin Selma - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MRI without fat saturation has been recommended for assessment of retinoblastoma. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare diagnostic image quality without and with fat saturation following gadolinium administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-resolution gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted sequences with and without fat saturation performed in children with ...
Chen Feng - - 2013
A catalytic asymmetric bromocyclization of tri-substituted olefinic amides is reported using a C2-symmetric mannitol-derived cyclic selenium catalyst and stoichiometric amount of N-bromophthalimide. The resulting enantioenriched pyrrolidine products, which contain two stereogenic centers, could undergo rearrangement to yield 2,3-disubstituted piperidine in excellent diastereoselectivity and enantiospecificity.
Ali Farah N - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) carries a large burden of morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis may lead to better strategies of clinical care. Cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a significant incidence of AKI. The study objective was to determine whether or not preoperative fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) ...
Ostergaard Peter J - - 2013
Abstract Accurate histological quantification of astrocytosis after cerebral infarction is needed as this process may affect, and be affected by, many potential restorative treatments under investigation. We performed a systematic review to determine the most reliable histological method reported for measurement of post-infarction astrocytosis. We found reports of multiple techniques ...
Vishnivetskaya Tatiana A - - 2013
The efficiency of a novel integrated treatment system for biological removal of ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, and heavy metals from fossil power plant effluent was evaluated. Microbial communities were analyzed using bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA gene clone libraries (Sanger sequences) and 454 pyrosequencing technology. While seasonal changes in microbial community ...
Kastelik Jack A - - 2013
Malignancy is one of the most common causes of pleural effusion. Malignant pleural effusion is defined by the presence of malignant cells in the pleural fluid. Development of malignant pleural effusion usually defines advanced malignancy. Pathophysiology of malignant pleural effusion is not fully understood and may involve complex interactions between ...
Gil-Albarova J - - 2013
The records of 4 children of under 14 years of age treated at our institution for traumatic sternoclavicular dislocation (SCJ) were reviewed. Closed reduction in posterior SCJ after computed tomography (CT) was successful as immediate procedure. For anterior SCJ instability, open reduction and SCJ reconstruction obtained satisfactory results. Conservative treatment of ...
He Jin - - 2013
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common human genetic disease, affecting millions of people worldwide. The progressive growth of cysts in kidneys eventually leads to renal failure in 50 % of patients, and there is currently no effective treatment. Various murine models have been studied to elucidate the disease ...
Grande Roberta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) target therapies like erlotinib for metastatic lung cancer and cetuximab or panitumumab for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) cause skin reaction that seems to be related to treatment efficacy. Skin toxicity evaluation protocol with panitumumab study has shown that preemptive treatment reduces the incidence of ...
Morsy Kareem - - 2013
In the present study, the morphology and morphometric characterization of Dujardinnascaris mujibii (Heterocheilidae) and Hysterothylacium aduncum (Anisakidae), new nematode parasites infecting the sea bream Pagrus pagrus (Osteichthyes, Sparidae), were described for the first time from the Gulf of Suez and Hurghada City of the Red Sea, Egypt. Ninety-eight (70 %) and ...
Poklepovic Andrew - - 2013
Purpose Preclinical studies in human melanoma cell lines and murine xenograft tumor models suggest that the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib enhances the activity of the cytotoxic agent dacarbazine. We performed a phase I trial of bortezomib and dacarbazine in melanoma, soft tissue sarcoma, and amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation tumors. The ...
Owens Daniel K - - 2013
Leptospermone is a natural β-triketone that specifically inhibits the enzyme p-hydrophyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase, the same molecular target site as that of the commercial herbicide mesotrione. The β-triketone-rich essential oil of Leptospermum scoparium has both preemergence and postemergence herbicidal activity, resulting in bleaching of treated plants and dramatic growth reduction. Radiolabeled leptospermone ...
Umene Kenichi - - 2013
"Natto", considered a traditional food, is made by fermenting boiled soybeans with Bacillus subtilis (natto), which is a natto-producing strain related to B. subtilis. The production of natto is disrupted by phage infections of B. subtilis (natto); hence, it is necessary to control phage infections. PM1, a phage of B. ...
Aragones Abraham - - 2013
The size and diversity of the Hispanic population in the United States has dramatically increased, with vast implications for health research. We conducted a systematic review of the characterization of the Hispanic population in health research and described its implications. Relevant studies were identified by searches of PubMed, Embase Scopus, ...
Kontny Nina E - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the current investigation was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model for doxorubicin and doxorubicinol that could provide improved estimated values for the pharmacokinetic parameters clearance of doxorubicin, volume of distribution of the central compartment, clearance of doxorubicinol and volume of distribution of the metabolite compartment for ...
Scheiter Maxi - - 2013
The recent Natural Killer (NK) cell maturation model postulates that CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) first develop into CD56bright NK cells, then into CD56dimCD57- and finally into terminally maturated CD56dimCD57+. The molecular mechanisms of human NK cell differentiation and maturation however are incompletely characterized. Here we present a proteome analysis ...
Ran Lishan - - 2013
China, with the confrontation of water-related problems as an element of its long history, has been investing heavily in water engineering projects over the past few decades based on the assumption that these projects can solve its water problems. However, the anticipated benefits did not really occur, or at least ...
Frossard Aline - - 2013
Successional changes of terrestrial vegetation can profoundly influence stream ecosystem structure and function. We hypothesized that microbial enzyme production and community structure in stream beds depend on terrestrial litter inputs reflecting different stages of riparian succession. Outdoor experimental channels were supplied with leaf-litter of varying quantities and qualities to mimic ...
Hsu Hsueh-Chuan - - 2013
Porous titanium and titanium alloys are promising scaffolds for bone tissue engineering, since they have the potential to provide new bone tissue ingrowth abilities and low elastic modulus to match that of natural bone. In the present study, porous Ti-7.5Mo alloy scaffolds with various porosities from 30 to 75 % ...
Timofeev Julia - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To examine the influence of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) on the rates of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in women receiving 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P). Methods: Retrospective analysis of a cohort of 6,253 women with a singleton gestation and prior SPTB enrolled in 17P home administration program ...
Aitken R J - - 2013
Oxidative stress is known to have a major impact on human sperm function and, as a result, there is a need to develop sensitive methods for measuring reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by these cells. A variety of techniques have been developed for this purpose including chemiluminescence (luminol and lucigenin), ...
He Liang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase-14 (MMP-14) has been considered to play an important role in invasion and metastasis of human solid tumor. AIM: The present study aimed to investigate the association of MMP-14 with overall survival in human gastric cancer. METHODS: Gastric cancer and adjacent normal specimens were collected from 205 patients ...
Rossi Giacomo - - 2013
Several studies of canine spontaneous mast cell tumours have described mutations in the c-kit proto-oncogene. These mutations produce a constitutively activated product and have been suggested to play a role in the malignant transformation of mast cells. We hypothesize that the selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate inhibits signal transduction ...
Brendel Bettina - - 2013
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the most frequent recessive ataxia in the Western world. Dysarthria is a cardinal feature of FRDA, often leading to severe impairments in daily functioning, but its exact characteristics are only poorly understood so far. We performed a comprehensive evaluation of dysarthria severity and the profile of ...
Heiberg Turid - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcomes are important for clinical practice and research, and should reflect what patients perceive as important. The objective of this study was to develop and preliminarily validate a brief, patient-derived, disease-specific tool, the pancreatic cancer disease impact (PACADI) score. METHODS: The development was performed in two phases. Forty-one ...
Varettas Kerry - - 2013
Samples of allograft musculoskeletal tissue are cultured by bacteriology laboratories to determine the presence of bacteria and fungi. In Australia, this testing is performed by 6 TGA-licensed clinical bacteriology laboratories with samples received from 10 tissue banks. Culture methods of swab and tissue samples employ a combination of solid agar ...
Kankılıç Gökben Başaran - - 2013
In this study, the concentrations of 13 elements (Al, Fe, Mn, Cr, Ni, Zn, Co, As, Pb, Cu, Mo, Hg, and Cd) were determined in the sediments of three different sites in the Kapulukaya Dam Lake between May 2007 and November 2008. They ranged from 1.47 to 4.64 for Al, ...
Domagalski K - - 2013
IL-28B polymorphisms are predictors of response to therapy in adults infected with hepatitis C. We do not know whether they are markers of response to therapy in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL-28B gene could influence the probability ...
Cousens Nicole E - - 2013
Tests for haemoglobinopathy carrier status are the commonest genetic screening tests undertaken internationally. Carrier screening for β-thalassaemia is not coordinated in Victoria, Australia, and is instead incorporated into routine practice where most women are screened antenatally, through a full blood examination (FBE). Little is known about how women are screened ...
Skilbrei O T - - 2013
The impact of salmon lice on the survival of migrating Atlantic salmon smolts was studied by comparing the adult returns of sea-ranched smolts treated for sea lice using emamectin benzoate or substance EX with untreated control groups in the River Dale in western Norway. A total of 143 500 smolts were ...
Torrissen O - - 2013
Salmon lice, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, are naturally occurring parasites of salmon in sea water. Intensive salmon farming provides better conditions for parasite growth and transmission compared with natural conditions, creating problems for both the salmon farming industry and, under certain conditions, wild salmonids. Salmon lice originating from farms negatively impact wild ...
Bell Charlotte - - 2013
P-glycoprotein (Pgp) represents the archetypal mechanism of drug resistance. But Pgp alone cannot expel drugs. A small but growing body of works has demonstrated that the membrane biophysical properties are central to Pgp-mediated drug resistance. For example, a change in the membrane surface pressure is expected to support drug-Pgp interaction. ...
Childs Alexander S - - 2013
OBJECT: At high-field strengths (≥3T) inhomogeneity of the radio frequency (RF) field and RF power deposition become increasingly problematic. Parallel Transmission (PTx)-the use of segmented transmission arrays with independently driven elements-affords the ability to combat both of these issues. There are a variety of existing designs for PTx coils, ranging ...
Robinson Dan R - - 2013
A 44-year old woman with recurrent solitary fibrous tumor (SFT)/hemangiopericytoma was enrolled in a clinical sequencing program including whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing. A gene fusion of the transcriptional repressor NAB2 with the transcriptional activator STAT6 was detected. Transcriptome sequencing of 27 additional SFTs identified the presence of a NAB2-STAT6 gene ...
Ranzani Marco - - 2013
Transposons and γ-retroviruses have been efficiently used as insertional mutagens in different tissues to identify molecular culprits of cancer. However, these systems are characterized by recurring integrations that accumulate in tumor cells and that hamper the identification of early cancer-driving events among bystander and progression-related events. We developed an insertional ...
Love Nick R - - 2013
Understanding the molecular mechanisms that promote successful tissue regeneration is critical for continued advancements in regenerative medicine. Vertebrate amphibian tadpoles of the species Xenopus laevis and Xenopus tropicalis have remarkable abilities to regenerate their tails following amputation, through the coordinated activity of numerous growth factor signalling pathways, including the Wnt, ...
Werner Achim - - 2013
Eps8, a bi-functional actin cytoskeleton remodeller, is a positive regulator of cell proliferation and motility. Here, we describe an unrecognized mechanism regulating Eps8 that is required for proper mitotic progression: whereas Eps8 is stable in G1 and S phase, its half-life drops sharply in G2. This requires G2-specific proteasomal degradation ...
Kravets V G - - 2013
The non-trivial behaviour of phase is crucial for many important physical phenomena, such as, for example, the Aharonov-Bohm effect and the Berry phase. By manipulating the phase of light one can create 'twisted' photons, vortex knots and dislocations which has led to the emergence of the field of singular optics ...
Parpaleix Alexandre - - 2013
Two-photon phosphorescence lifetime microscopy (2PLM) has been used recently for depth measurements of oxygen partial pressure (PO(2)) in the rodent brain. In capillaries of olfactory bulb glomeruli, 2PLM has also allowed simultaneous measurements of PO(2) and blood flow and revealed the presence of erythrocyte-associated transients (EATs), which are PO(2) gradients ...
Tang Weixin - - 2013
The enterococcal cytolysin is a two-component lantibiotic of unknown structure with hemolytic activity that is important for virulence. We prepared cytolysin by coexpression of each precursor peptide with the synthetase CylM in Escherichia coli and characterized its structure. Unexpectedly, cytolysin is to our knowledge the first example of a lantibiotic ...
Pang Iris K - - 2013
Immune responses to vaccines require direct recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) through pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) on dendritic cells (DCs). Unlike vaccination, infection by a live pathogen often impairs DC function and inflicts additional damage on the host. Here we found that after infection with live influenza A virus, signaling ...
Czuber-Dochan W - - 2013
Fatigue is a common and leading concern for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is managed inadequately in IBD, and there is little evidence to support interventions. To examine patients' experience of and factors contributing to IBD-fatigue, and to appraise its management by patients and healthcare professionals. Seven electronic ...
Harbour J William - - 2013
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary cancer of the eye and often results in fatal metastasis. Here, we describe mutations occurring exclusively at codon 625 of the SF3B1 gene, encoding splicing factor 3B subunit 1, in low-grade uveal melanomas with good prognosis. Thus, uveal melanoma is among a small ...
Nars A - - 2013
A fully acetylated, soluble CO preparation of mean DP of ca. 7 was perceived with high sensitivity by M. truncatula in a newly designed versatile root elicitation assay. The root system of legume plants interacts with a large variety of microorganisms, either pathogenic or symbiotic. Understanding how legumes recognize and ...
Li Yuan-Yuan - - 2013
MdCRY2 was isolated from apple fruit skin, and its function was analyzed in MdCRY2 transgenic Arabidopsis. The interaction between MdCRY2 and AtCOP1 was found by yeast two-hybrid and BiFC assays. Cryptochromes are blue/ultraviolet-A (UV-A) light receptors involved in regulating various aspects of plant growth and development. Investigations of the structure ...
Jiang Xiaolong X Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, - - 2013
Deciphering the interneuronal circuitry is central to understanding brain functions, yet it remains a challenging task in neurobiology. Using simultaneous quadruple-octuple in vitro and dual in vivo whole-cell recordings, we found two previously unknown interneuronal circuits that link cortical layer 1-3 (L1-3) interneurons and L5 pyramidal neurons in the rat ...
Salvatori Roberto - - 2013
Lanreotide depot (LD; commercial name Somatuline(®) Depot) is an injectable, extended-release formulation of the synthetic somatostatin analog (SSA) lanreotide. In recent clinical trials, LD was found to be suitable for self or partner administration, avoiding the need to travel to a medical facility. The Somatuline(®) Depot for Acromegaly (SODA) study ...
Marvin Jonathan S JS Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), Janelia Farm Research Campus, Ashburn, Virginia, - - 2013
We describe an intensity-based glutamate-sensing fluorescent reporter (iGluSnFR) with signal-to-noise ratio and kinetics appropriate for in vivo imaging. We engineered iGluSnFR in vitro to maximize its fluorescence change, and we validated its utility for visualizing glutamate release by neurons and astrocytes in increasingly intact neurological systems. In hippocampal culture, iGluSnFR ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >