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Results 251 - 300 of 3055
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Sariyildiz M A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore the impact of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and the disease-related variables, psychological status and the quality of life on the female patients' sexual function measured according to the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Thirty-seven sexually active female AS patients and 33 healthy controls ...
Bai Yu - - 2013
AIM: Recently Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire (GerdQ) has been developed for diagnosis of GERD. However, no study investigated its value in real-world practice. This study aimed to investigate whether GerdQ can be used for diagnosis of GERD in China. METHODS: A national multicenter survey was undertaken; all patients who underwent ...
Sumathipala Athula - - 2013
The Sri Lankan Twin Registry (SLTR), established in 1997, is a unique resource for twin and genetic research in a low- and middle-income country (LMIC). It comprises of a volunteer cohort of 14,120 twins (7,060 pairs) and 119 sets of triplets, and a population-based cohort of 19,040 (9,520 pairs) twins ...
Nader Ingo W - - 2013
Knowledge about suicide postvention (KSPV) is an important distal outcome in the evaluation of suicide prevention programs that focus on the bereaved. However, most scales are specifically tailored to the evaluation study in question and psychometric properties are often unsatisfactory. Therefore, we developed the KSPV scale. Scale properties were investigated ...
Wang Jiang - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We investigated the myocardial protective effect of sevoflurane in patients receiving off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and the role of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). Design: Forty-eight patients receiving elective OPCABG were randomly assigned to a control group, and 0.75 MAC, 1.0 MAC and 1.5 MAC sevoflurane groups. ...
Behari Professor Madhuri - - 2013
Abstract Platelets play an important role in a variety of disorders viz; cardiovascular, psychosomatic, psychiatric, thrombosis, HIV/AIDS in addition to various neurodegenerative diseases (NDD). Recent evidence indicates that platelet react to diverse stressors thereby offering an interesting vantage point for understanding their potential role in contemporary medical research. This review ...
Reichardt Niels C - - 2013
Glyconanotechnology can be seen as the synergy between nanotechnology and glycan related biological and medical problems. This review focuses on the crosstalk of glycoscience and nanotechnology, which will lead to a deeper understanding of glycobiology and to new glyco-materials with improved design and synergistic properties derived from glycoscience concepts for ...
Jia Kun - - 2013
A commercial TEM grid was used as a mask for the creation of extremely well-organized gold micro-/nano-structures on a glass substrate via a high temperature annealing process at 500 °C. The structured substrate was (bio)functionalized and used for the high throughput LSPR immunosensing of different concentrations of a model protein ...
Wang Qi - - 2013
The toxicity of cinnabar, a naturally occurring mercury sulfide (HgS), has long been referred to soluble mercury chloride (HgCl(2) ). To investigate whether the speciation of mercury plays a role in its disposition and toxicity, we hereby investigated and compared cinnabar with soluble HgCl(2) and pure insoluble HgS in mice ...
Dréno B - - 2013
In the adult female, acne is a chronic condition with a substantial negative psychological, social and emotional impact. Based on time of onset, two subtypes of adult female acne are recognized: 'persistent acne' is a continuation of the disease from adolescence, while 'late-onset acne' first presents in adulthood. The morphological ...
Grugni Graziano - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of GH deficiency in adult patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) has been previously assessed through the evaluation of quantitative parameters, such as the peak value of GH response to exogenous stimuli. A comprehensive description of the pattern of secretory response obtainable by deconvolution analysis is still lacking. ...
Zhang Shulian - - 2013
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked recessive disease characterized by eczema, thrombocytopenia and immune deficiency. WAS gene mutations impair WAS protein function which cause WAS. The WAS-related disorders of X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT) and X-linked congenital neutropenia (XLN) may have similar but less severe symptoms those are also caused by ...
Gómez-Arriaga Pi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the performance of the mean pulsatility index of uterine arteries (mPI-UtA) and the automated measurement of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio at suspicion or diagnosis of pre-eclampsia (PE). METHODS: singleton pregnancies with PE (n=60), diagnosed following current recommendations, or with suspected PE (n=32), defined either by i) blood pressure (BP) ...
Malta Tathiane Maistro - - 2013
HTLV-1 is the etiologic agent of HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). CD8+ T cells may contribute to the protection or development of HAM/TSP. In this study we used SAGE methodology to screen for differentially expressed genes in CD8+ T cells isolated from HTLV-1 asymptomatic carriers (HAC) and from HAM/TSP ...
Pal Sujoy - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In patients with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHO), death is usually due to variceal bleeding. This is more so in developing countries where there are a lack of tertiary healthcare facilities and blood banks. Prophylactic operations in cirrhotics have been found to be deleterious. In contrast, patients with EHO ...
Tseng Hubert - - 2013
A longstanding goal in biomedical research has been to create organotypic co-cultures that faithfully represent native tissue environments. There is presently great interest in representative culture models of the lung, which is a particularly challenging tissue to recreate in vitro. This study used magnetic levitation in conjunction with magnetic nanoparticles ...
Kalthoff Daniel - - 2013
Functional connectivity networks derived from resting-state functional MRI (rsfMRI) have received increasing interest to further our understanding of brain function. The anesthesia in rodent models may influence the interpretation and comparison of results from functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI). More research is required on this aspect. In this study, we investigated ...
Less Robert J - - 2013
Structural and in situ NMR spectroscopic studies show that N-H deprotonation, B-N bond cleavage and B-N bond formation can occur in the stoichiometric and catalytic reactions of LiAlH(4) with Me(2)NHBH(3).
van der Heijden Laila B - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: In fetal tachycardia pharmacologic therapy with digoxin, flecainide and sotalol has been reported to be effective. In a recent retrospective multicentre study sotalol was considered to be less effective than the others in fetal SVT. The aim of this study is to re-evaluate the efficacy and safety of maternally ...
Handl S - - 2013
Previous work has shown obesity to be associated with changes in intestinal microbiota. While obesity is common in dogs, limited information is available about the role of the intestinal microbiota. The aim of this study was to investigate if alterations in the intestinal microbiota may be associated with canine obesity. ...
Loite Ulvi - - 2013
The corticotrophin-releasing hormone-proopiomelano-cortin (CRH-POMC) system in the skin coordinates pigmentation and the immune response. The aim of this study was to evaluate the regulatory role of the neuroendocrine system in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Using quantitative real-time-PCR, mRNA expression levels of 15 genes related to the CRH-POMC system were measured ...
Savchev Stefan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 2-year neurodevelopmental outcome of full-term, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns with normal placental function, according to current criteria based on umbilical artery Doppler. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of consecutive full-term, SGA newborns with normal prenatal umbilical artery Doppler was compared with a group of full-term, appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) ...
Léauté-Labrèze C - - 2013
Since our report of the ability of propranolol to shrink alarming infantile hemangiomas (IHs) (1,2), propranolol has become the first line therapy for life threatening IHs (3-5). Recently, a randomized clinical trial versus placebo has confirmed the safety and efficacy of 2mg/kg daily oral propranolol in children aged between 9 ...
Licata P - - 2013
Forty-seven samples of milk taken from goat and ovine farms in Calabria (southern Italy) between April and May 2010 were analysed. Analyses were carried out by ion chromatography (ICS 1000; Dionex). For method validation, RSDs (%) on retention times and on peak area were determined by considering a mixture of ...
Rismo Renathe - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To investigate mucosal cytokine gene expression levels in healed mucosa after anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) as possible risk factors for relapse after discontinuation of therapy. Design. Thirty-seven CD patients treated with anti-TNF agents until complete mucosal healing, documented by endoscopy, discontinued ...
Koga Haruka - - 2013
Micropatterning is useful for regulating culture environments. We developed a highly efficient near-infrared-(NIR)-responsive gel and established a new technique that enables cell patterning by NIR irradiation. As a new culture substratum, we designed a tissue culture plate that was coated with a composite gel composed of agarose and carbon nanotubes ...
Vinci Giuliana - - 2013
Liquid-liquid microextraction coupled to LC with fluorescence detection for the determination of Environmental Protection Agency's 16 priority pollutant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in rainwater has been developed. The optimization of the extraction method has involved several parameters, including the comparison between an ultrasonic bath and a magnetic stirrer as extractant apparatus, ...
Jain Mayur V - - 2013
The rapid accumulation of knowledge on apoptosis regulation in the 1990s was followed by the development of several experimental anticancer- and anti-ischaemia (stroke or myocardial infarction) drugs. Activation of apoptotic pathways or the removal of cellular apoptotic inhibitors has been suggested to aid cancer therapy and the inhibition of apoptosis ...
Xin Wuhong - - 2013
The binary alloy system Si(x)Ge(1-x) provides a continuous series of materials with gradually varying properties. In this paper, we report on a fundamental basis a method to make large-area macroporous Si(x)Ge(1-x) films with variable Ge content by electrodeposition in an ionic liquid, with SiCl(4) and GeCl(4) as precursors. The chemical ...
Riley Richard D - - 2013
We describe methods for meta-analysis of randomised trials where a continuous outcome is of interest, such as blood pressure, recorded at both baseline (pre treatment) and follow-up (post treatment). We used four examples for illustration, covering situations with and without individual participant data (IPD) and with and without baseline imbalance ...
Zhai Peng - - 2013
Tissue engineering scaffolds are designed not only to provide structural support for the repair of damaged tissue, but can also serve the function of bioactive protein delivery. Here we present a study on the preparation and characterization of protein-loaded microspheres, either alone or incorporated into mock tissue scaffolds, for sustained ...
El-Dakdoky Mai H - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the consequences of exposure to three levels of boric acid on male rats reproduction, fertility, and progeny outcome, with emphasis on testicular DNA level and quality. ِAdult male rats (12 weeks old) were treated orally with 125, 250 and 500 mg/kg ...
Wang Wei - - 2013
The efficient asymmetric Michael addition reactions of aryl methyl ketones with 2-furanones were catalyzed by a simple and commercially available chiral 1,2-diphenyl-1,2-ethanediamine and p-TSA·H(2)O as cocatalyst with good yields (up to 95%) and excellent enantioselectivities (up to >99% ee). A bi-functional catalytic mechanism for the reaction was proposed.
Langstrup Henriette - - 2013
In this article I argue that attention to the spatial and material dimensions of chronic disease management and its place-making effects is necessary if we are to understand the implications of the increased mobilisation - technologically or otherwise - of the home in chronic disease management. Analysing home treatment in ...
Eslamian Ladan - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: To study the effect of benzocaine mucoadhesive patches (20%) on orthodontic pain caused by elastomeric separators. Subjects and methods. A split-mouth design was used in 30 patients (12 female, 18 male, aged 23 ± 3.75 years). They were instructed to apply benzocaine and placebo patches randomly for right ...
Pateraki Irini - - 2013
Chromoplasts are non-photosynthetic plastids specialized in the synthesis and accumulation of carotenoids. During fruit ripening, chloroplasts differentiate into photosynthetically inactive chromoplasts in a process characterized by the degradation of the thylakoid membranes and the active synthesis and accumulation of carotenoids. This transition renders chromoplasts unable to photochemically synthesize ATP and ...
Mogi Taketo - - 2013
Using the voltage-multiplying circuits of chemolitho-autotrophic Fe-oxidizing bacteria (Mariprofundus ferrooxydans), we describe an integrated bioelectrochemical system that affords simultaneous CO(2) reduction and H(2)O oxidation at an external voltage of less than 1.24 V.
Chun Seung Min - - 2013
Cutaneous metastatic carcinoma of the nose is a rare presentation associated with lung cancer. We report here 3 cases of cutaneous metastatic carcinoma of the nose that originated from lung cancer. Two men, age 61 and 76 years, with lung cancers were referred for evaluation of a tumour on the ...
Moskovits Martin - - 2013
SERS is some 35 years old, and the subject of over 11 000 articles. The field of Plasmonics, and large aspects of Metamaterials are clearly based on concepts that became current as a result of SERS. Despite this, a number of persistent, fuzzy ideas about the origin of the enhancement in ...
Lucconi Giulia - - 2013
Abstract Extracts of Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (hawthorn) show an interesting free radical scavenging (FRS) effect, related to their flavonoids content. Unfortunately, their oral administration is affected by their low bioavailability. The aim of this work is to obtain a multiparticulate drug delivery system for hawthorn extracts for oral administration. The ...
Nasit Jitendra Gordhanbhai - - 2013
Astroblastoma is a rare primary glial tumor of children and young adults. Radiologically astroblastoma presents as a large well-circumscribed supratentorial, solid-cystic heterogeneous mass. Histology shows perivascular pseudorosettes with hyalinization. Only a single case has been reported with signet-ring-like cell morphology. Signet-ring morphology in primary central nervous system tumors is exceedingly ...
Zhang Xi-Mei - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes in adult patients with early stage systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) treated with doxorubicin-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Forty-six adult patients with early stage systemic ALCL received chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy. All patients except two received chemotherapy with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, ...
Redmayne Mary - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cellphone and cordless phone use is very prevalent among early adolescents, but the extent and types of use is not well documented. This paper explores how, and to what extent, New Zealand adolescents are typically using and exposed to active cellphones and cordless phones, and considers implications of ...
Mansfield Jessica - - 2013
Stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) has been applied to unstained samples of articular cartilage enabling the investigation of living cells within fresh tissue. Hyperspectral SRS measurements over the CH vibrational region showed variations in protein and lipid content within the cells, pericellular matrix and interterritorial matrix. Changes in the cells and ...
Abele Harald - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the cavum septi pellucidi (CSP) is larger in second and third trimester fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities than in euploid fetuses. METHODS: Retrospective study utilizing stored 2D images of second and third trimester fetuses between 18 and 40 week' gestation from the Department of prenatal medicine at ...
Verburg F A - - 2013
Aim: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, dosimetry, tolerability and efficacy of systemically administrated p-[131I]iodo-L-phenylalanine (131IPA) combined with hypo-fractionated external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Patients, methods: Five patients (2 women, 3 men, aged 27-69) with recurrent GBM and exhaustion ...
Robinson Matthew R - - 2013
Acquisition and allocation of resources are central to life-history theory. However, empirical work typically focuses only on allocation despite the fact that relationships between fitness components may be governed by differences in the ability of individuals to acquire resources across environments. Here, we outline a statistical framework to partition the ...
Wong Ka-Chun - - 2013
Drynaria fortunei (Kunze) J. Sm. (DF), a Chinese herb commonly used for the treatment of bone fracture, was previously shown to exert anabolic effects on bone. However, its active ingredients as well as the mechanisms of action are far from clear. The present study aimed to characterise the bone anabolic ...
Tylko Grzegorz - - 2013
A Monte Carlo simulation was used to determine geometry correction factors that increase accuracy of quantitative X-ray microanalysis of laterally semithick biological materials. A model composed of cellulose with homogeneously distributed biological elements and lateral dimensions between 0.5-25 μm was chosen. The specimen was exposed to 5, 10, and 15 ...
Hou Chengyi - - 2013
We report a Cu(2)O nanocrystal-reduced graphene oxide hybrid that is dispersible in water and has anticancer activity under both visible and near-infrared light irradiation. In contrast to the highly efficient killing of both normal and cancer cells initiated by the photothermal effect, the photocatalytic effect of this material results in ...
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