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Results 251 - 300 of 3245
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Bersamin Andrea - - 2013
Objectives. American Indians and Alaska Natives (ANs) report among the lowest levels of physical activity in the USA, but there is very little systematic research examining the determinants of physical activity patterns in these populations. This study investigated the relationships between enculturation (or cultural traditionality), psychosocial stress, and physical activity ...
Viaene Liesbeth - - 2013
Indoxyl sulfate and p-cresyl sulfate are two uremic retention solutes implicated in the uremic syndrome. Removal during dialysis is limited, mainly due to protein binding. Binding characteristics to healthy albumin have recently been characterized. Whether uremia alters the binding characteristics of albumin, is currently unknown. Moreover, protein binding values previously ...
Brillet Pierre-Yves PY Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UPRES EA 2363, Service de radiologie, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny, France. - - 2013
To assess the association between airway wall area and clinical asthma control, assessed by the Asthma Control Test (ACT). This cross-sectional study evaluated 96 adults for asthma control ["at least well controlled" (ACT ≥ 20; n = 52) or "not well controlled" (ACT < 20; n = 44) and airway ...
Maas Matthew B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation increases the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), yet whether different underlying disease processes are equally affected is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that coagulopathy, measured by admission international normalized ratio (INR), disproportionately increases the risk for lobar hemorrhages. METHODS: Patients with primary ICH were enrolled into a registry ...
Rosenberg Monica - - 2013
Sustained attention is a fundamental aspect of human cognition and has been widely studied in applied and clinical contexts. Despite a growing understanding of how attention varies throughout task performance, moment-to-moment fluctuations are often difficult to assess. In order to better characterize fluctuations in sustained visual attention, in the present ...
Gallo A - - 2013
A set of 180 forages (47 alfalfa hays, 26 grass hays, 52 corn silages, 35 small grain silages and 20 sorghum silages) were randomly collected from different locations of the Po Valley (Northern Italy) from 2009 to 2010. The forages were characterised for chemical composition (11 parameters), NDF digestibility (five ...
Dai C C Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, - - 2013
Multilocus data from the different genomes are essential to understand the phylogeographic history of species, particularly when a species has the male-biased dispersal pattern. Although Black-throated tits (Aegithalos concinnus) are socially monogamous and cooperatively breeding birds, limited observational data suggested that males may have the ability of long-distance dispersal. We ...
Kim Hyo Jung - - 2013
Liquorice is one of the botanicals used frequently as a traditional medicine in the West and in the East. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB is involved in the development of CVD by inducing abnormal proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells. In our preliminary study, dehydroglyasperin C (DGC), an active ...
Furtula Jasna - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of triple stimulation technique (TST) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography as markers of upper motor neuron (UMN) degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Fourteen ALS patients fulfilling the El Escorial criteria and 30 control subjects participated in the ...
Zhang Yongguo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Deleted in breast cancer 1 (DBC1) was initially cloned from a region homozygously deleted in breast cancers, but its role in colorectal cancer remains unknown. The present study aims to examine the expression level of DBC1 and assess its prognostic value in human colorectal cancer. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining was ...
Pillai Deepu R DR Department of Neurology, Regensburg University Medical Centre, Regensburg, - - 2013
The 'new penumbra' concept imbues the transition between injury and repair at the neurovascular unit with profound implications for selecting the appropriate type and timing of neuroprotective interventions. In this conceptual study, we investigated the protective effects of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and compared them with the properties of epidermal ...
Vidal-Martínez V M - - 2013
Global climate change (GCC) is expected to affect key environmental variables such as temperature and rainfall, which in turn influence the infection dynamics of metazoan parasites in tropical aquatic hosts. Thus, our aim was to determine how temporal patterns of temperature and rainfall influence the mean abundance and aggregation of ...
Hardman John Michael - - 2013
Successful biological control of mites is possible under various conditions, and identifying what are the requirements for robust control poses a challenge because interacting factors are involved. Process-based modeling can help to explore these interactions and identify under which conditions biological control is likely, and when not. Here, we present ...
Wang Qiao - - 2013
Background/Aims: The outcome of the Kasai operation remains unsatisfying. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of primary LDLT on biliary atresia (BA) treatment for infant patients. Methodology: Fifty infant patients with BA who were treated in our center between Jan 2008-Jan 2011 were included. Seventeen of them ...
Yates N L - - 2013
Prevention of HIV-1 transmission at mucosal surfaces will likely require durable pre-existing mucosal anti-HIV-1 antibodies (Abs). Defining the ontogeny, specificities and potentially protective nature of the initial mucosal virus-specific B-cell response will be critical for understanding how to induce protective Ab responses by vaccination. Genital fluids from patients within the ...
Unfer T C - - 2013
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate whether natural or synthetic steroid hormones could directly modulate the activity of the different superoxide dismutase (SOD) isoforms found in human blood fractions without changing enzyme expression. Enzyme samples of human erythrocytes, the human platelet-rich plasma fraction (PRP) or isolated CuZnSOD, which was purified ...
Niki Hisateru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) is developing a QOL questionnaire instrument for use in pathological conditions related to the foot and ankle. The main body of the outcome instrument (the Self-Administered Foot Evaluation Questionnaire, SAFE-Q version 2) consists of 34 questionnaire items, which provide five ...
Alfieri Sergio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The management of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) perforation is often unknown by many physicians, and there is a paucity of literature regarding the best surgical management approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of ERCP-related perforations to the duodeno-pancreato-biliary tract observed at the Digestive Surgery Department of the Catholic ...
Bruwer Zandrè - - 2013
The Genetic and Endoscopic Surveillance Clinic is an annual outreach service offering accessible colonoscopic surveillance to known families with Lynch syndrome living in remote areas of the Western and Northern Cape Province of South Africa. Unfortunately attendance at this outreach clinic has been declining over several years and fewer than ...
Ishiwata Sayuri - - 2013
In mammalian brains, d-serine has been shown to be required for the regulation of glutamate neurotransmission as an endogenous co-agonist for the N-methyl-d-aspartate type glutamate receptor that is essential for the expression of higher-order brain functions. The exact control mechanisms for the extracellular d-serine dynamics, however, await further elucidation. To ...
Li X - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Macrophage migration-inhibitory factor (MIF) plays crucial roles in the recruitment and activation of macrophages as well as in helping to kill bacteria. This study investigated the expression profile of MIF in human gingiva under different periodontal conditions and its expression patterns induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) ...
Nygaard Unni Cecilie - - 2013
Immunisation of female mice with the allergen ovalbumin (OVA) during pregnancy reduces the OVA-specific IgE response in adult offspring. To approach primary prevention strategies for allergy, we investigated to what extent genetic, paternal and maternal factors influence this suppressive effect on allergic sensitisation in offspring, and investigated the possibility of ...
Lu Haiqiang - - 2013
A novel β-mannanase gene, man5XZ7, was cloned from thermophilic fungus Thielavia arenaria XZ7, and successfully expressed in Pichia pastoris. The gene (1,110 bp) encodes a 369-amino acid polypeptide with a molecular mass of approximately 40.8 kDa. The deduced sequence of Man5XZ7 consists of a putative 17-residue signal peptide and a catalytic module ...
Betoko A - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Early eating patterns and behaviors can determine later eating habits and food preferences and they have been related to the development of childhood overweight and obesity. We aimed to identify patterns of feeding in the first year of life and to examine their associations with family characteristics.Subjects/Methods:Our analysis included 1004 ...
Gao Qiang - - 2013
Branched Pd nanodendrites have been synthesized by a very simple method, which have displayed substantially enhanced oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity compared with that of commercial Pd/C catalysts. The Pd nanodendrites show 4.8 times more activity on the basis of an equivalent noble metal mass for the ORR than the ...
Liang Desheng - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether non-invasive prenatal testing by maternal plasma DNA sequencing can uncover all fetal chromosome aneuploidies in one simple sequencing event. METHODS: Plasma samples from 435 pregnant women at high risk for Down syndrome were collected prior to amniocentesis in three hospitals in China between March 2009 and ...
Yoon Jeong Hee - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether shear wave elastography (SWE) would be useful in evaluating the presence of rejection or recurrent hepatitis for post-liver transplantation (LT) follow-up. METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our Institutional Review Board and informed consent was waived. Two hundred sixteen liver recipients and 37 liver donors ...
Lubezky Nir - - 2013
PURPOSE: Bevacizumab has been shown to increase progression free and overall survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Neoadjuvant bevacizumab is commonly used in patients undergoing liver resection. Our purpose was to evaluate whether bevacizumab is associated with increased rate of perioperative complications in patients undergoing hepatic resection for colorectal ...
Glasper Alan - - 2013
Professor Alan Glasper outlines the findings of the RCN-sponsored Willis Commission report. Its recommendations include introducing more community placements for nursing students.
Allen Vanessa G VG Public Health Ontario Laboratories, 81 Resources Rd, Toronto, ON M9P 3T1, Canada. - - 2013
Although cephalosporins are the cornerstone of treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections, cefixime is the only oral antimicrobial option. Increased minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to cefixime have been identified worldwide and have been associated with reports of clinical failure. To assess the risk of clinical treatment failure of N. gonorrhoeae infections ...
Kong Ling - - 2013
At pH 1.3-1.6, tungstate WO(4) (2-) , can be converted to hexatungstate W(6) O(19) (2-) , which can react with positively charged polymyxin B sulfate (PMB) to result in enhancement of resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS) and resonance non-linear scattering, including second order scattering and frequency doubling scattering. Linear relationships can ...
Mills A M AM Anthony Mills MD Inc., Los Angeles, CA 90069, USA. - - 2013
The aim of the study was to compare the neuropsychiatric safety and tolerability of rilpivirine (TMC278) vs. efavirenz in a preplanned pooled analysis of data from the ECHO and THRIVE studies which compared the safety and efficacy of the two drugs in HIV-1 infected treatment naïve adults. ECHO and THRIVE ...
Wang Wen - - 2013
As a therapeutic or chemo-preventative agent to various cancers, all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) has been reported to inhibit the growth, induce apoptosis or cause differentiation. It was found that atRA could protect hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells against cell death induced by serum starvation in the present study. Furthermore, it was ...
Kondo Masatoshi - - 2013
Our purpose in this study was to evaluate the image quality of low-radiation-dose CT using hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR), and to compare the results with those of filtered back projection (FBP) at routine doses. We measured the mean values and standard deviation of the CT numbers within and outside a ...
Dostalek Miroslav - - 2013
Development of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and their functional derivatives represents a growing segment of the development pipeline in the pharmaceutical industry. More than 25 mAbs and derivatives have been approved for a variety of therapeutic applications. In addition, around 500 mAbs and derivatives are currently in different stages of development. mAbs are ...
Kim Kyung Won - - 2013
Vascular disrupting agents (VDAs) are new class of anti-cancer drugs targeting pre-existing tumor vasculature which lead to tumor ischemia and necrosis. An innovative tubulin polymerization inhibitor, CKD-516, was recently developed as a VDA. We attempted to evaluate its tubulin destabilizing effect using immunofluorescence staining on human endothelial cells (HUVECs) and ...
Caltik Aysun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an effective and successful therapy for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, PD does not have a life-long effectiveness, and peritoneal membrane failure is commonly observed in long-term PD patients. We hypothesized that ultrasonography could be used to follow these patients. METHODS: We recruited two patient ...
Ahmedani B K BK Center for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. - - 2013
In this global study we sought to estimate the degree to which a family member might feel embarrassed when a close relative is suffering from an alcohol, drug, or mental health condition (ADMC) versus a general medical condition (GMC). To date, most studies have considered embarrassment and stigma in society ...
Tani Kanae - - 2013
Recently, biological agents have been used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), though the standard therapeutic doses vary among the agents utilized. To investigate the mechanisms related to those differences, we theoretically analyzed the target molecular binding occupancies of 4 biological agents: tocilizumab, infliximab, adalimumab, and etanercept. The average binding ...
Halfon Philippe - - 2013
A new genotyping-based DNA assay (Digene LQ(®)) was developed recently. The primary aim was to assess the distribution of HPV types using this new assay in atypical squamous cells of undeterminate significance (ASCUS). The secondary aim was to correlate the HPV types with the severity of the disease. The study ...
DeRose Robert R Department of Cell Biology, Center for Cell Dynamics, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2013
Chemically-inducible dimerization (CID) is a powerful tool that has proved useful in solving numerous problems in cell biology and related fields. In this review, we focus on case studies where CID was able to provide insight into otherwise refractory problems. Of particular interest are the cases of lipid second messengers ...
Kim Sun Jung - - 2013
Mice with a DC-specific deletion of the transcriptional repressor B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp1) exhibit a lupus-like phenotype, secondary to enhanced DC production of IL-6. Here we explored further phenotypic changes in Blimp1-deficient DCs, the molecular mechanism underlying these changes, and their relevance to human disease. Blimp1-deficient DCs exhibited elevated ...
Carneiro Paula - - 2013
The present study analyzed the retrieval dynamics of false recall, using an externalized free-recall task after participants studied Deese/Roediger-McDermott lists with high- and low-identifiable critical words. In Experiment 1, the memory test required participants to write down the words they remembered as having been presented in each list (recall output) ...
Xu Yun-Hua - - 2013
The development of lung cancer is significantly associated with genetic susceptibility. Findings from previous individual studies regarding the effect of X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 Thr241Met (XRCC3 Thr241Met) polymorphism on lung cancer risk remained conflicting and inconclusive. Thus, a meta-analysis of previous relevant studies was performed to estimate this effect ...
Binmoeller Kenneth F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endosonography (EUS)-guided transmural pseudocyst drainage is a multistep procedure currently performed with different "off-the-shelf" accessories developed for other applications. Multiple device exchanges over-the-wire is time consuming and risks loss of wire access. This report describes the technical feasibility and outcomes for EUS-guided drainage of pancreatic fluid collections using a ...
Birmingham Janette M - - 2013
Background. The effect of increased age on the induction of oral tolerance by low-dose antigen feeding and its effect on the response to antigen airway challenge in aged mice have not been well characterized. Objective. To determine whether oral tolerance can be induced in aged mice and its impact on ...
Steinsbekk Kristin Solum - - 2013
In the endeavour of biobank research there is dispute concerning what type of consent and which form of donor-biobank relationship meet high ethical standards. Up until now, a 'broad consent' model has been used in many present-day biobank projects. However it has been, by some scholars, deemed as a pragmatic, ...
Guo Sheng-Ping - - 2013
A series of rare-earth zirconium chalcogenides Ln(2)ZrQ(5) (Ln = La, Sm, Gd; Q = S, Se) synthesized by using boron as the reducing reagent show unprecedented single-crystal's intrinsic voltage-dependent effects and order antiferromagnetically.
Komori Koji - - 2013
Backgroun /Aims: There have been numerous studies on surgical procedures for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), but the evolution in surgical treatments as they pertain to the major perioperative item, i.e., complications, as well as advantages and disadvantages of surgery, in only one institution have not been reported. We examined this ...
Tankink Marian T A - - 2013
In South Sudan, it is rare for someone to speak about sexual violence. According to the South Sudanese, it can be dangerous to talk - there will be social consequences and talking can destroy you. In this paper, I describe some of the impediments women from South Sudan experience when ...
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