Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 3241
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Gorjiara Tina - - 2013
To investigate the radiological water equivalency of three different formulations of the radiochromic, polyurethane based dosimeter PRESAGE(®) for three dimensional (3D) dosimetry of electron beams. The EGSnrc/BEAMnrc Monte Carlo package was used to model 6-20 MeV electron beams and calculate the corresponding doses delivered in the three different PRESAGE(®) formulations and ...
Derbali M - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the systemic insecticidal activity of an imidacloprid-treated rodent oral bait, against Phlebotomus papatasi Scopoli, 1786 vector of Leishmania major Yakimoff & Schokhor, 1914 (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), etiologic agent of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL). Shaw's gerbil Meriones shawi Duvernoy, 1842 (Rodentia, Gerbillidae) were treated ...
Lannoy Nathalie - - 2013
The intron 22 inversion found in up to 50% of severe hemophilia A patients results from a recombination between three intron 22 homologous copies (int22h). This study evaluated the implication of these copies in the formation of extended duplications comprising exons 1-22 of the factor 8 (F8) gene and their ...
Forster Myriam - - 2013
Objectives. This article examines the antecedents and consequences of bullying victimization among a sample of Hispanic high school students. Although cultural and familial variables have been examined as potential risk or protective factors for substance use and depression, previous studies have not examined the role of peer victimization in these ...
Keskin Emre - - 2013
Negative impacts of introduced non-native freshwater species on native species have been increasingly recognized in the world as well as in Turkey. However, there has been relatively little attention on genetic characterization of alien freshwater fishes in their non-native distribution range and virtually no study has been conducted in Turkey ...
Ferreira L - - 2013
The use of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) has been studied for years in an attempt to elucidate their effects in food intake and body weight in animals. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is evidence that the use of MCT reduces consumption and body weight gain in ...
Lubyk Danielle M - - 2013
Although geometric reorientation has been extensively studied in numerous species, most research has been conducted in enclosed environments and has focused on use of the geometric property of relative wall length. The current studies investigated how angular information is used by adult humans and pigeons to orient and find a ...
Doody Owen - - 2013
Focus groups are used by researchers in the social and behavioural sciences to explore phenomena and are accepted as a legitimate qualitative methodology. The primary goal of focus groups is to use interaction data resulting from discussion among participants to increase the depth of the enquiry and reveal aspects of ...
Tsilingaridis G - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Periodontitis is more frequently found in subjects with Down's syndrome. The aim was to investigate whether the relationship between MMPs and TIMPs) in the gingival crevicular fluid of subjects with Down's syndrome is altered compared with controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-one adolescents with Down's syndrome and gingivitis ...
Delord J P - - 2013
PURPOSE: Vinflunine ditartrate is a microtubule inhibitor belonging to the vinca alkaloid family. This phase I study was carried out to evaluate the maximal tolerated dose, the safety profile, the pharmacokinetics and the activity of oral vinflunine (VFL) given daily in patients with advanced/metastatic solid tumours and who have failed ...
Zhang Yujie - - 2013
3-Oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductase (OAR1 or FabG, EC.1.1.1.100) is responsible for the first reductive step in fatty acid biosynthesis using Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (NADPH) as a cofactor. Recent studies suggest there is a fatty acid synthetase II pathway that consists of a series of separate enzymes in yeast mitochondrion. Here, we ...
Dambacher Michael - - 2013
Deadlines (DLs) and response signals (RSs) are two well-established techniques for investigating speed-accuracy trade-offs (SATs). Methodological differences imply, however, that corresponding data do not necessarily reflect equivalent processes. Specifically, the DL procedure grants knowledge about trial-specific time demands and requires responses before a prespecified period has elapsed. In contrast, RS ...
Zhao He-Ping - - 2013
We evaluated a strategy for achieving complete reduction of perchlorate (ClO4-) in the presence of much higher concentrations of sulfate (SO42-) and nitrate (NO3-) in a hydrogen-based membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR). Full ClO4- reduction was achieved by using a two-stage MBfR with controlled NO3- surface loadings to each stage. With ...
Zheleznyakova Galina Y - - 2013
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a monogenic disorder that is subdivided into four different types and caused by survival motor neuron gene 1 (SMN1) deletion. Discordant cases of SMA suggest that there exist additional severity modifying factors, apart from the SMN2 gene copy number. Here we performed the first genome-wide ...
Yu Yang - - 2013
Human glutathione transferase zeta 1c-1c (hGSTZ1c-1c) is one of the glutathione transferase isoenzymes and considered to be a protein scaffold to imitate glutathione peroxidase (GPX) owing to the natural binding site of glutathione (GSH). In this report, several residues near GSH were mutated to selenocysteine (Sec) or cysteine (Cys) residues ...
Babcock Ben - - 2013
This report summarizes the performance of the Imaging Informatics Professional (IIP) examination from 2009 to 2011 (six exam administrations). Results show that the IIP exam is a reliable measuring instrument that is functioning well to consistently classify candidates as passing or failing. An analysis of the section scores revealed that ...
Bersamin Andrea - - 2013
Objectives. American Indians and Alaska Natives (ANs) report among the lowest levels of physical activity in the USA, but there is very little systematic research examining the determinants of physical activity patterns in these populations. This study investigated the relationships between enculturation (or cultural traditionality), psychosocial stress, and physical activity ...
Viaene Liesbeth - - 2013
Indoxyl sulfate and p-cresyl sulfate are two uremic retention solutes implicated in the uremic syndrome. Removal during dialysis is limited, mainly due to protein binding. Binding characteristics to healthy albumin have recently been characterized. Whether uremia alters the binding characteristics of albumin, is currently unknown. Moreover, protein binding values previously ...
Brillet Pierre-Yves - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between airway wall area and clinical asthma control, assessed by the Asthma Control Test (ACT). METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 96 adults for asthma control ["at least well controlled" (ACT ≥ 20; n = 52) or "not well controlled" (ACT < 20; n = 44) ...
Maas Matthew B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation increases the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), yet whether different underlying disease processes are equally affected is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that coagulopathy, measured by admission international normalized ratio (INR), disproportionately increases the risk for lobar hemorrhages. METHODS: Patients with primary ICH were enrolled into a registry ...
Rai Rewa - - 2013
The ring closing metathesis within an ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([bmim][PF(6)]), a 'green' solvent tetraethylene glycol (TEG), and their equimolar mixture is investigated through the intramolecular excimer formation of 6-(1-pyrenyl)hexyl-11-(1-pyrenyl)undecanoate []. The excimer formation efficiency correlates directly with the inverse of the bulk viscosity of the systems. A simplistic double ...
Venditti Alessandro - - 2013
The phytochemical study of the polar fraction of Bellardia trixago (L.) All. led to the isolation of eight iridoid glucosides. Five of these glucosides (aucubin (1), bartsioside (2), melampyroside (3), mussaenoside (4) and gardoside methyl ester (5)) were confirmed as they were previously isolated from this plant, and the remaining ...
Witsch J - - 2013
We aimed to determine long-term disability and quality of life in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) who required mechanical ventilation (MV) in the acute phase. Our retrospective cohort study included 110 GBS patients admitted to an intensive care unit and requiring MV (01/1999-08/2010) in nine German tertiary academic medical centers. ...
Patel Nitin R - - 2013
We describe a value-driven approach to optimizing pharmaceutical portfolios. Our approach incorporates inputs from research and development and commercial functions by simultaneously addressing internal and external factors. This approach differentiates itself from current practices in that it recognizes the impact of study design parameters, sample size in particular, on the ...
Iriarte Andrés - - 2013
Many studies have explored the mechanisms involved in relative amino acid usage (RAAU) in a variety of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. A strong bias was observed in highly expressed genes (HEGs) of endosymbiotic bacteria. By means of correspondence analysis, we studied the major trends affecting internal variability of RAAU in Mollicutes. ...
Rosenberg Monica - - 2013
Sustained attention is a fundamental aspect of human cognition and has been widely studied in applied and clinical contexts. Despite a growing understanding of how attention varies throughout task performance, moment-to-moment fluctuations are often difficult to assess. In order to better characterize fluctuations in sustained visual attention, in the present ...
Gallo A - - 2013
A set of 180 forages (47 alfalfa hays, 26 grass hays, 52 corn silages, 35 small grain silages and 20 sorghum silages) were randomly collected from different locations of the Po Valley (Northern Italy) from 2009 to 2010. The forages were characterised for chemical composition (11 parameters), NDF digestibility (five ...
Dai C - - 2013
Multilocus data from the different genomes are essential to understand the phylogeographic history of species, particularly when a species has the male-biased dispersal pattern. Although Black-throated tits (Aegithalos concinnus) are socially monogamous and cooperatively breeding birds, limited observational data suggested that males may have the ability of long-distance dispersal. We ...
Ohkawa Shingo - - 2013
Skeletal muscle injuries often leave lasting functional damage or pain. Muscle injuries are routinely treated conservatively, but the most effective treatment to promote the repair of injured muscles has not yet been established. Our previous report demonstrated that human peripheral blood-derived CD133+ cell transplantation to rat skeletal muscle injury models ...
Kim Hyo Jung - - 2013
Liquorice is one of the botanicals used frequently as a traditional medicine in the West and in the East. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB is involved in the development of CVD by inducing abnormal proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells. In our preliminary study, dehydroglyasperin C (DGC), an active ...
Furtula Jasna - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of triple stimulation technique (TST) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography as markers of upper motor neuron (UMN) degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Fourteen ALS patients fulfilling the El Escorial criteria and 30 control subjects participated in the ...
Zhang Yongguo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Deleted in breast cancer 1 (DBC1) was initially cloned from a region homozygously deleted in breast cancers, but its role in colorectal cancer remains unknown. The present study aims to examine the expression level of DBC1 and assess its prognostic value in human colorectal cancer. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining was ...
Vidal-Martínez V M - - 2013
Global climate change (GCC) is expected to affect key environmental variables such as temperature and rainfall, which in turn influence the infection dynamics of metazoan parasites in tropical aquatic hosts. Thus, our aim was to determine how temporal patterns of temperature and rainfall influence the mean abundance and aggregation of ...
Alexis Obrey - - 2013
This article explores the importance of drug administration and some of the key legislation that relates to it. It focuses on the accountability and responsibility of qualified nurse and student nurses. The author also draws on the notion of informed consent and what that means in the health care setting. ...
Ahmadiantehrani Somayeh - - 2013
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a potent inhibitor of ethanol consumption and relapse, and GDNF heterozygous knockout mice display increased reward sensitivity to ethanol and consume more ethanol after a period of abstinence than their wild-type littermates. Here, we tested whether ethanol alters GDNF expression in the ventral ...
Ladurner Roland - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluate a new bioadhesive for intra-abdominal onlay mesh fixation of a polypropylene-polyvinylchloride graft. METHODS: Three pieces of a commercially available polypropylene/polyvinylfluoride mesh, each 3 × 3 cm in size, and three pieces of the same mesh coated with a polysaccharide bioadhesive were fixated to the surface of the ...
Li Qipei - - 2013
A Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming aerobic bacterium, motile with a single polar flagellum, strain JLT2005(T), was isolated from surface seawater collected from the East China Sea and formed ivory white colonies on a rich organic medium. The strain was positive for catalase, oxidase, and urease. It grew in the presence of ...
Walsh Erin M - - 2013
Fewer than half of Americans meet current recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake. The behavioral affective associations model posits that feelings and emotions associated with a behavior are a proximal influence on decision making. Cross-sectional evidence supports the model and suggests that affective associations predict fruit and vegetable consumption. The ...
Kaya Selçuk - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of daptomycin in left-sided infective endocarditis (IE) patients. Fourteen patients with left heart endocarditis, monitored with a diagnosis of IE based on modified Duke criteria between July 2010 and May 2011, and receiving daptomycin as monotherapy, were enrolled. The success ...
Kim H-H - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to survey elementary school students regarding the environmental conditions of their elementary schools and to assess the relationship between air pollution and allergic disease using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Therefore, this study was designed as a cross-sectional ...
Chen Yang - - 2013
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a worldwide disease that affects a large number of males. Although prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening is used, the specificity is limited. This study analyzes the sensitivity and specificity of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) methylation for PCa detection in body fluids and tissues. Combining search results from ...
Bahri F - - 2013
This study describes the chemical composition and antibacterial activities of essential oils of Moroccan Juniperus thurifera L. var. Africana (Cupressaceae). The essential oil of dried leaves was isolated by hydrodistillation, vapohydrodistillation and microwaves. Sixty-four compounds in J. thurifera L. var. Africana oils were identified (79.9%, 92.4% and 98.4% of the ...
Kirkwood Michael W - - 2013
In adult populations, embedded performance validity indicators are well established, as they are time efficient, resistant to coaching, and allow for more continuous monitoring of effort than standalone measures. Although several recent studies have demonstrated the appropriateness of using standalone validity tests with school-age children, a paucity of pediatric work ...
Hu Yilan - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Ficolin-2 is a kind of human serum complement lectin with a structure similar to mannan-binding lectin (MBL), and it has been implicated in innate immunity. Recent studies have shown that complement pathway activation may contribute to hepatitis. However, the relationship between ficolin-2 and viral hepatitis remains largely ...
Laurenius A - - 2013
Background/Objectives:The main objective was to test the hypothesis that dietary energy density (DED) decreases after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (gastric bypass).Subjects/Methods:A total of 43 patients (31 women and 12 men) aged 43 (s.d. 10) years, with body mass index (BMI) 44.3 kg/m(2) (4.9), were assessed preoperatively at 6 weeks and 1 and ...
Li Sha - - 2013
Isomaltulose is a structural isomer of sucrose commercially used in food industries. In this work, recombinant Escherichia coli producing sucrose isomerase (SIase) was used to convert sucrose into isomaltulose. To develop an economical industrial medium, untreated cane molasses (10.63 g l(-1)), yeast extract (25.93 g l(-1)), and corn steep liquor (10.45 g l(-1)) were used as ...
Gaudiano Caterina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess renal dysfunction in chronic kidney diseases using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). METHODS: Forty-seven patients with impaired renal function (study group) and 17 patients without renal diseases (control group) were examined using DTI sequences. Cortical and medullary regions of interest (ROIs) were located to obtain the corresponding values ...
Oh Tak Geun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the seventh edition of the tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging system to the sixth edition to validate its usefulness in predicting prognosis for gallbladder cancer. METHODS: Gallbladder cancer patients were staged according to both the sixth and seventh editions of the American Joint Committee ...
Chua Fook K - - 2013
Previous studies of top-down attentional guidance have focused generally on the attentional prioritization of a single target feature. The present study focused on how the attentional system would be configured when the target possesses several unique features. These features were perfectly correlated, which meant that monitoring just one of them ...
Wang Jiahui - - 2013
Purpose   Golden retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) is a widely used canine model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Recent studies have shown that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to non-invasively detect consistent changes in both DMD and GRMD. In this paper, we propose a semiautomated system to quantify MRI biomarkers ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >