Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3240
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ishikawa Akira - - 2013
The design of the interplay between light and nanomaterials by the effect of localized-surface-plasmon resonance in metallic nanostructures is a fascinating subject, and recently, a lot of research has been carried out from both fundamental and applicational points of view. In this paper, we demonstrate the theories for describing the ...
Skorvanek Matej - - 2013
Clinical and psychosocial factors associated separately with primary and secondary fatigue in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients have not been thoroughly studied before. The aim of our study was to assess factors associated with different fatigue domains in groups with primary and secondary fatigue in PD separately. We divided 165 non-demented ...
Lebret Thierry - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore patient and nurse satisfaction, compliance with best practice, technical feasibility and safety of home infusion of the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (ZOL). METHODS: This was a prospective 1-year survey of home ZOL therapy (4 mg Zometa®, 15-min i.v., every 3-4 weeks) in patients with bone metastases secondary ...
Donaldson Cameron W - - 2013
Characterization of local inflammation at culprit superficial femoral artery (SFA) stenosis has not been studied. We hypothesized that arterial cytokine concentrations would be greater at sites of stenosis. Twenty patients with ≥50 % angiographic stenosis of the SFA had blood drawn just proximal to the lesion and from a contralateral site ...
Hoffmann Sebastian Tim - - 2013
In order to unravel the intricate interplay between disorder effects, molecular reorganization and charge carrier localization, a comprehensive study was conducted on hole transport in a series of conjugated alternating phenanthrene indenofluorene co-polymers. Each polymer in the series contained one further co-monomer comprising monoamines, diamines or amine-free structures, whose influence ...
Baarsma Hoeke A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung diseases such as asthma, COPD and pulmonary fibrosis are characterized by abnormal extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a key mediator stimulating ECM production by recruiting and activating lung fibroblasts and initiating their differentiation process into more active myofibroblasts. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) regulates ...
Hornett Melanie - - 2013
Happy New Year to you all! I hope you have enjoyed the festive season and made some New Year's resolutions that you are sticking to. The New Year is always a hopeful time for me-a new beginning-and these new beginnings make my thoughts turn to midwifery and all the new ...
Petroni G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The concept of single-access procedures has gained greater attention from general surgeons during the past 5 years. Despite this wide momentum, these procedures pose several changes for the surgeon, such as impaired eye-hand coordination and restricted manipulation. In this context, robotic-assisted surgery represents a promising technology to enhance the dexterity ...
Abd El-Aal Sarah A - - 2013
Abstract Transient global ischemia continues to be an important clinical problem with limited treatment options. The present study aimed to investigate the possible protective effects of celecoxib [a selective cyclooxygenase (COX-2) inhibitor] and N-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) [a nonselective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor] against global ischemia-reperfusion (IR) induced biochemical ...
Oreja-Guevara C - - 2013
Abstract Information regarding the epidemiology of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Spain is limited. This cross-sectional survey-based study was undertaken to evaluate the symptoms, severity and consequences of MS-related spasticity (MSS), and to estimate the prevalence of MSS overall and according to the degree of severity (mild/moderate/severe). ...
Yalin Kong - - 2013
Background Features of LSPH secondary to pancreatic cancer is ambiguous, and controversy remains in the treatment. Methods 48 cases from our department were retrospectively analyzed to evaluate the clinical features, as well as the feasibility and effect of surgical treatment. Results 16 patients had gastrointestinal hemorrhage history. Laboratory findings showed ...
Watschinger Bruno - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Dialysis patients, receiving erythropoiesis stimulating agents, typically show signs of hemoglobin variability as a consequence of their dosing patterns, bleeding, infection, etc., which is commonly managed adjusting the dose regimen of the erythropoiesis stimulating agent. However, information on dosing strategies used in daily clinical practice and their outcomes in ...
Leonardi M - - 2013
The ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungal communities of four natural Tuber magnatum truffle grounds, located in different Italian regions (Abruzzo, Emilia-Romagna, Molise, and Tuscany), were studied. The main objective of this study was to characterize and compare the ECM fungal communities in the different regions and in productive (where T. magnatum ascomata ...
Muris Dennis M J - - 2013
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its major risk factor, obesity, has reached epidemic proportions in Western society. How obesity leads to insulin resistance and subsequent T2DM is incompletely understood. It has been established that insulin can redirect blood flow in skeletal muscle from non-nutritive to nutritive ...
Cheung S Y Amy - - 2013
Pharmacokinetic analysis in humans using compartmental models is restricted with respect to the estimation of parameter values. This is because the experimenter usually is only able to apply inputs and observations in a very small number of compartments in the system. This has implications for the structural identifiability of such ...
Hardman John Michael - - 2013
Successful biological control of mites is possible under various conditions, and identifying what are the requirements for robust control poses a challenge because interacting factors are involved. Process-based modeling can help to explore these interactions and identify under which conditions biological control is likely, and when not. Here, we present ...
Wang Qiao - - 2013
Background/Aims: The outcome of the Kasai operation remains unsatisfying. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of primary LDLT on biliary atresia (BA) treatment for infant patients. Methodology: Fifty infant patients with BA who were treated in our center between Jan 2008-Jan 2011 were included. Seventeen of them ...
Unfer T C - - 2013
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate whether natural or synthetic steroid hormones could directly modulate the activity of the different superoxide dismutase (SOD) isoforms found in human blood fractions without changing enzyme expression. Enzyme samples of human erythrocytes, the human platelet-rich plasma fraction (PRP) or isolated CuZnSOD, which was purified ...
Niki Hisateru - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) is developing a QOL questionnaire instrument for use in pathological conditions related to the foot and ankle. The main body of the outcome instrument (the Self-Administered Foot Evaluation Questionnaire, SAFE-Q version 2) consists of 34 questionnaire items, which provide five ...
Audenet François - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Adrenal tumours are a heterogeneous group of rare tumours. The aim of this article was to critically review gender-specific differences in the incidence, prognosis and symptoms of the different subtypes of adrenal tumours. METHODS: Data acquisition regarding gender differences in adrenal tumours was performed using MEDLINE searches with combinations ...
Bae Yun Jung - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To provide magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of compressive myelopathy simulating idiopathic acute transverse myelopathy (ATM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 19,416 patients who had spinal MRI from 1 September 2004 to 10 July 2011, the patients who met inclusion criteria were enrolled as follows: (1) definable cord compression, (2) ...
Kushner M G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials are typically designed to test the effect of a specific treatment on a single diagnostic entity. However, because common internalizing disorders are highly correlated ('co-morbid'), we sought to establish a practical and parsimonious method to characterize and quantify changes in a broad spectrum of internalizing psychopathology targeted ...
Walentiny D M - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous structure activity relationship studies with analogs of the CB(1) receptor antagonist rimonabant have demonstrated that a subset of these analogs with 3-substituent replacements of rimonabant's pyrazole core displayed cannabimimetic profiles seemingly independent of CB(1) receptors. We sought to further evaluate these analogs in several behavioral models ...
Peterhänsel C - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is one of the most effective treatments for morbid obesity, and a large body of research indicates significant long-term weight loss. While overall mortality decreases in patients who received bariatric surgery, a number of studies have shown that suicide rates are higher in bariatric patients than in control ...
Li X - - 2013
IL-17-producing CD8(+) T lymphocytes (Tc17 cells) have recently been detected in many cancers and autoimmune diseases. However, the possible implication of Tc17 cells in tuberculous pleural effusion remains unclarified. In this study, distribution and phenotypic features of Tc17 cells in both tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) and peripheral blood from patients ...
Cook Mary N - - 2013
There are currently no manualized, intensive outpatient programs (IOP), for diagnostically heterogeneous pediatric samples that simultaneously intervene with youth and parents. Such a program was developed and has been operating at Children's Hospital Colorado since January 2006. The current study was conducted to characterize the patient sample and evaluate clinical ...
Dalton Mark Anthony - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To explore perceptions of junior doctors, nurses and advanced nurse practitioners (ANP) in relation to the role of the ANP. Method: A qualitative cross-sectional design was used, embedded in an interpretative philosophy. A non-probability sample of six junior doctors, six ward nurses and six ANPs took part in ...
Lee Kang Hong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We assessed the short- and long-term outcomes of intracorporeal ileocolic anastomosis (IA) in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for colon cancer compared with extracorporeal anastomosis (EA). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 86 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for colon cancer from March 2005 to June 2010 was performed. ...
Mudge Stephen R - - 2013
Isomaltulose (IM) is a natural isomer of sucrose. It is widely approved as a food with properties including slower digestion, lower glycaemic index and low cariogenicity, which can benefit consumers. Availability is currently limited by the cost of fermentative conversion from sucrose. Transgenic sugarcane plants with developmentally-controlled expression of a ...
Ding Wei-Feng - - 2013
A new cell line named RIRI-PaDe, developed from the neonate larvae of Papilio demoleus Linnaeus, was established in modified Grace's medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum. The cell line was incubated at 28°C and consisted of attached round and short spindle-like cells. The population doubling time was 55 h. The ...
Zhou Hui - - 2013
Jatrorrhizine, one of the protoberberine alkaloids derived from the plant Coptis chinensis, is expected to be developed as a new gastric prokinetic drug, but its metabolic characteristics in humans remain unknown. This study characterized the phase I and phase II metabolites, metabolic kinetics, and cytochrome P450 (CYP) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) ...
Gaillard Jean-Michel - - 2013
How populations respond to climate change depends on the interplay between life history, resource availability, and the intensity of the change. Roe deer are income breeders, with high levels of allocation to reproduction, and are hence strongly constrained by the availability of high quality resources during spring. We investigated how ...
Hayes Lesley - - 2013
The Florence Nightingale Foundation Trust awarded me a travel scholarship in 2012. This enabled me to undertake visits to link with a range of health and social care professionals, services and universities in Spain and America (Houston and Louisville), with the aim of exploring the nature and management of self-neglect ...
Hanlidou Effie - - 2013
Thymus leucospermus Hartvig is a Greek endemic species of Section Teucrioides Jalas. The essential oils obtained from five populations growing wild in the National Park of Northern Pindhos (NW Greece) were studied. The oil content ranged between 1.1 and 2.0 mL per 100 g of dry plant weight. The oils were particularly ...
Hashem N M - - 2013
This study was designed to study the effect of short-term supplementation with rumen-protected fat during the late luteal phase on reproduction and metabolism of sheep during breeding season. Seventy-six ewes (Rahmani, Barki and Awassi × Barki) were allocated to two groups considering genotype: the control ewes (C-group) received a maintenance diet, and ...
Arnau Jaume - - 2013
This study analyzes the robustness of the linear mixed model (LMM) with the Kenward-Roger (KR) procedure to violations of normality and sphericity when used in split-plot designs with small sample sizes. Specifically, it explores the independent effect of skewness and kurtosis on KR robustness for the values of skewness and ...
Lambert Carey - - 2013
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus are predatory bacteria that burrow into prey bacteria and degrade their cell contents, including DNA and RNA, to use for growth. Their genome encodes diverse nucleases, some with potential export sequences. Transcriptomic analysis determined two candidate predicted nuclease genes (bd1244, bd1934) upregulated upon contact with prey; which, we ...
Huh Jin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices have been widely used for thrombosis prophylaxis in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. However, periodic compression using an IPC device may inject augmented boluses of cool blood from the lower limbs into the central circulation repetitively, thereby causing a reduction in core temperature. The authors therefore ...
Akça Oktay - - 2013
AIM: Although the management of urinary stones in obese patients is a challenge and the impact of the patient-related parameter has been well studied in adults: No study has evaluated the possible impact of obesity in terms of body mass index related SWL success in pediatric population. In this present ...
Kim Jeong-Min - - 2013
Cancer related stroke may have different phenotypes from non-cancer stroke, especially in terms of stroke progression and recurrence. We performed a case-control study to identify their incidences and risk factors in cancer related stroke. Between January 2001 and December 2009, we conducted a retrospective review of acute ischemic stroke patients ...
Zhou Qi - - 2013
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of systemic and ocular disease among choroideremia patients and carriers. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed on responses from affected males with choroideremia, female carriers, and unaffected brothers to an Internet-based survey made available from September 2009 to November 2010. Affected males were classified into ...
Campos Alline C - - 2013
Cannabidiol (CBD), the main non-psychotomimetic component of the plant Cannabis sativa, exerts therapeutically promising effects on human mental health such as inhibition of psychosis, anxiety and depression. However, the mechanistic bases of CBD action are unclear. Here we investigate the potential involvement of hippocampal neurogenesis in the anxiolytic effect of ...
Bousleiman Habib - - 2013
This paper presents a firsthand comparative evaluation of three different existing methods for selecting a suitable allograft from a bone storage bank. The three examined methods are manual selection, automatic volume-based registration, and automatic surface-based registration. Although the methods were originally published for different bones, they were adapted to be ...
Landires Ivan - - 2013
The subcellular localization of JAK3 was examined by quantitative image analysis. For the first time, JAK3 was found to be located in the nuclei of primary CD4 lymphocytes. A comparable quantity of JAK3 was recovered in CD4 lymphocytes from healthy donors and HIV-infected patients. By contrast, far more phosphorylated JAK3 ...
Zamani Payman - - 2013
Heart failure is an important public health problem that is increasing in prevalence throughout the world. Not only is this condition common, but it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality as well as high costs to medical care systems. Vasodilator drugs help unload the heart and may have other ...
Pirker Robert - - 2013
Several monoclonal antibodies directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have been evaluated in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Cetuximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody, has been studied in combination with first-line chemotherapy in phase II and two phase III trials in patients with advanced NSCLC. The phase ...
Basson Helena Aletta - - 2013
Purpose: The development of a framework for a workplace wellness programme for HIV/AIDS infected and/or affected nurses in South Africa, who comprise registered nurses and midwives, enrolled staff nurses and auxiliary nurses. Research objectives: To identify and describe components for a framework of a workplace wellness programme. Background: Registered nurses ...
Castro-Gamero Angel Mauricio - - 2013
Glioblastoma (GBM), one of the most malignant human neoplasias, responds poorly to current treatment modalities, with temozolomide (TMZ) being the drug most frequently used for its treatment. Tetra-O-methyl Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid (M4N) is a global transcriptional repressor of genes dependent on the Sp1 transcription factor, such as Survivin and Cdk1. In ...
Reddy Gaddum D - - 2013
PURPOSE: Cerebellar glioblastomas in children are rare. As a result, an optimal treatment strategy has not yet been identified. A review of the characteristics of the disease as well as the effectiveness of various therapeutic modalities would help in optimizing the treatment paradigm. METHODS: We performed a detailed clinical, radiographic, ...
Yoshida R - - 2013
A new rhizocephalan species of the genus Dipterosaccus Van Kampen & Boschma, 1925, is described from the host hermit crab Calcinus vachoni Forest on the coasts of mainland Japan and the Ryukyu Archipelago. Dipterosaccus shiinoi n. sp. differs from the previously described species, D. indicus Van Kampen & Boschma, 1925, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >