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Park S H - - 2013
Consumer demand for nonconventional poultry products continues to increase in the United States. In pasture flock and organic poultry production, probiotics and prebiotic feed additives have potential advantages because they are thought to promote intestinal health and may offer a replacement for current intervention strategies that are not considered acceptable ...
Axsom Kelly - - 2013
The ability for statins to reduce major cardiovascular events and mortality has lead to this drug class being the most commonly prescribed in the world. In particular, the benefit of these drugs in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is well established. In February 2012, the Food and Drug Administration released changes ...
Venkitanarayanan K - - 2013
Salmonella Enteritidis and Campylobacter jejuni are the 2 major foodborne pathogens transmitted through poultry products. Chickens are the reservoir hosts of these pathogens, with their intestinal colonization being the most significant factor causing contamination of meat and eggs. Effective preslaughter strategies for reducing the colonization of birds with these pathogens ...
Bulbulia Richard - - 2013
Large randomized trials have shown that lowering the concentration of LDL cholesterol with statins reduces vascular morbidity and mortality rapidly, with further benefit emerging during each year of treatment allocation. But, limited evidence is available about the long-term efficacy and safety of statin treatment. Long-term follow-up of surviving trial participants ...
Lentle R G - - 2013
We report the results of spatiotemporal mapping of the spontaneous actions of component muscles of the gizzard and associated structures in ex vivo preparations with combined superfusion and vascular perfusion. Ongoing spontaneous contraction of cranial and caudal thin muscles occurred at a frequency of 2.2 ± 0.1 cycles per minute. ...
Chen Sirui - - 2013
Muscle characteristics such as myofiber diameter, density, and total number are important traits in broiler breeding and production. In the present study, 19 SNP of 13 major genes, which are located in the vicinity of quantitative trait loci affecting breast muscle weight, including INS, IGF2, PIK3C2A, AKT3, PRKAB2, PRKAG3, VEGFA, ...
Xu X Julia - - 2013
Despite a strong correlation between obesity and insulin resistance, 25% of severely obese (BMI >40) individuals are insulin sensitive. In this review, we will examine the factors in adipose tissue that distinguish the two groups, as well as reasons for believing the insulin-sensitive group will be less disease prone. Obesity ...
Silva Kamila C - - 2013
Green tea (GT), widely studied for its beneficial properties in protecting against brain ischemia, is a rich source of polyphenols, particularly (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The results presented here demonstrate the beneficial effects of GT in diabetic retinas and in retinal cells under diabetic conditions. Diabetes was induced in spontaneously hypertensive ...
Wernli Jeremy - - 2013
Standard treatment in cases of progressive keratectasia is UV-triggered corneal cross-linking. For irradiances larger than 10 mW/cm(2) and treatment times below 10 minutes, the scientific proof of a biomechanical strengthening effect is insufficient. The authors investigated the biomechanical strengthening of ex vivo corneal tissue treated with irradiances between 3 mW/cm(2) ...
Liu Jia - - 2013
Retinal hemorrhages occur in a variety of sight-threatening conditions including ocular trauma, high altitude retinopathy, and chronic diseases such as diabetic and hypertensive retinopathies. The goal of this study is to investigate the effects of blood in the vitreous on retinal vascular function in rats. Intravitreal injections of autologous blood, ...
Deng Qiuchan - - 2013
We explored the role of myeloid-related protein 8 and 14 (MRP8/14) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) keratitis. MRP8/14 mRNA levels in human corneal scrapes and mouse corneas infected by PA were tested using real-time PCR. MRP8/14 protein expression in C57BL/6 (B6) corneas was confirmed using Western blot assay and immunohistochemistry. B6 ...
Sautter-Bihl M L - - 2013
Recently, preliminary results of the OCUM study (optimized surgery and MRI-based multimodal therapy of rectal cancer) were published and raised concern in the scientific community. In this observational study, the circumferential resection margin status assessed in preoperative MRI (mrCRM) was used to decide for either total mesorectal excision (TME) alone ...
Burke Erin E Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology, University of California, Irvine, CA, - - 2013
Many restorative therapies that promote brain repair are under development. Stroke is very heterogeneous, highlighting the need to identify target populations and to understand intersubject differences in treatment response. Several neuroimaging measures have shown promise as biomarkers and predictors, including measures of structure and function, in gray matter and white ...
Hess Paul L PL Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, PO Box 17969, Durham, NC 27715, USA. - - 2013
The impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on atrial fibrillation (AF) burden is poorly characterized. To assess the influence of CRT on AF, we performed a systematic literature search in MEDLINE using the MeSH headings "cardiac resynchronization therapy" or "cardiac pacing, artificial" and "atrial fibrillation." Selected studies were peer-reviewed and ...
Adams Reid B RB Division of General Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, - - 2013
Hepatic resection offers a chance of a cure in selected patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). To achieve adequate patient selection and curative surgery, (i) precise assessment of the extent of disease, (ii) sensitive criteria for chemotherapy effect, (iii) adequate decision making in surgical indication and (iv) an optimal surgical ...
Abdalla Eddie K EK Department of Surgery, Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon. - - 2013
Selection of the optimal surgical and interventional therapies for advanced colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) requires multidisciplinary discussion of treatment strategies early in the trajectory of the individual patient's care. This paper reports on expert consensus on locoregional and interventional therapies for the treatment of advanced CRLM. Resection remains the ...
Postmus Iris I Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Proprotein convertase subtilisin-like/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a protein involved in LDL-cholesterol metabolism. The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11591147 has been associated with lower LDL-cholesterol and a lower risk of coronary heart disease. Because PCSK9 has high affinity to the LDL receptor, inhibiting PCSK9 is a testable therapeutic target for lipid-lowering ...
Muñoz Daniel D Duke Clinical Research Institute, 2400 Pratt Street, Room 0311 Terrace Level, Durham, NC 27705, - - 2013
Loop diuretics remain a mainstay in the pharmacologic treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Recent randomized trial results have challenged existing clinical dogma about the optimal manner of intravenous diuretic administration in hospitalized patients. The Diuretic Optimization Strategies Evaluation (DOSE) trial, while technically a neutral study, suggested some advantages ...
Schneider John S JS Department of Otolaryngology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-8605, USA. - - 2013
Robotic surgery in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery has become a valuable tool in certain anatomic approaches; however, its application in surgery of the paranasal sinuses and anterior skull base is still in an investigatory phase and requires further evaluation. Existing robotic surgical systems face particular limitations in their ...
Syed Reema R Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2013
To study retinal structure in choroideremia patients and carriers using high-resolution imaging techniques. Subjects from four families (six female carriers and five affected males) with choroideremia (CHM) were characterized with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), kinetic and static perimetry, full-field electroretinography, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). High-resolution macular images were obtained with ...
George A T AT Physiology Unit, St Mark's Hospital, Watford Road, Harrow HA1 3UJ, UK. - - 2013
Percutaneous, transcutaneous and sham transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation was compared in a prospective blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial. Patients who had failed conservative treatment for faecal incontinence were randomized to one of three groups: group 1, percutaneous; group 2, transcutaneous; group 3, sham transcutaneous. Patients in groups 1 and 2 ...
Seal Bruce S BS Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, R.B. Russell Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 950 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA. - - 2013
There has been a resurgent interest in the use of bacteriophages or their gene products to control bacterial pathogens as alternatives to currently used antibiotics. Clostridium perfringens is a gram-positive, spore-forming anaerobic bacterium that plays a significant role in human foodborne disease as well as non-foodborne human, animal, and avian ...
Wolak Daniel J DJ Pharmaceutical Sciences Division, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Pharmacy, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, United - - 2013
Therapeutics must diffuse through the brain extracellular space (ECS) in order to distribute within the central nervous system (CNS) compartment; this requirement holds both for drugs that are directly placed within the CNS (i.e., central input) and for drugs that cross the barriers separating blood and brain following systemic administration. ...
Patras Kathryn A KA Department of Biology and Center for Microbial Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, - - 2013
Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus, GBS) is a frequent commensal organism of the vaginal tract of healthy women. However, GBS can transition to a pathogen in susceptible hosts, but host and microbial factors that contribute to this conversion are not well understood. GBS CovR/S (CsrR/S) is a two component regulatory system ...
Harvey Merryl E ME Centre for the Developing Brain, Imperial College London and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK. - - 2013
To explore parental information and communication needs during their baby's care in the neonatal unit with a focus on brain imaging and neurological prognosis. Eighteen parents recruited from one neonatal unit in the United Kingdom participated in semi-structured qualitative interviews using a grounded theory approach. The topic guide focused on ...
Josse Robert - - 2013
According to the 2010 Osteoporosis Canada Clinical Practice Guidelines, denosumab is a first-line option for the pharmacological management of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO), along with several therapeutics that may be more familiar to family practice doctors: bisphosphonates, raloxifene, teriparatide, and hormone therapy. Denosumab is indicated for postmenopausal patients at high risk ...
Zhang Hongmei H Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, - - 2013
GRL-0519 (1) is a potent antiviral inhibitor of HIV-1 protease (PR) possessing tris-tetrahydrofuran (tris-THF) at P2. The high resolution X-ray crystal structures of inhibitor 1 in complexes with single substitution mutants PR(R8Q), PR(D30N), PR(I50V), PR(I54M), and PR(V82A) were analyzed in relation to kinetic data. The smaller valine side chain in ...
Mondal Deboprosad D Department of Chemistry, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida 33431, United - - 2013
A mild chlorination reaction of alcohols was developed using the classical thionyl chloride reagent but with added catalytic titanium(IV) chloride. These reactions proceeded rapidly to afford chlorination products in excellent yields and with preference for retention of configuration. Stereoselectivities were high for a variety of chiral cyclic secondary substrates including ...
van Reenen Alexander A Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. - - 2013
The upcoming generations of high-sensitive and miniaturized biosensing systems need target capture methods that are as efficient and as rapid as possible, with targets ranging from molecules to cells. Capture of the targets can be achieved using particles coated with affinity molecules, but there are still fundamental questions as to ...
Yeh Edmund A-H EA Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, - - 2013
All four diastereomers of a typical saturated oligoisoprenoid, 4,8,12-trimethylnonadecanol, are made by an iterative three-step cycle with the aid of traceless thionocarbonate fluorous tags to encode configurations. The tags have a minimum number of total fluorine atoms, starting at zero and increasing in increments of one. With suitable acquisition and ...
Wang Hao H Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1569, - - 2013
The chiral BINOL-phosphoric acid catalyzed allylboration and propargylation reactions are studied with density functional theory (B3LYP and B3LYP-D3). Two different models were recently proposed for these reactions by Goodman and our group, respectively. In Goodman's model for allylborations, the catalyst interacts with the boronate pseudoaxial oxygen. By contrast, our model ...
Wong Catherine C L CC Department of Chemical Physiology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, SR-11, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2013
Pyrococcus furiosus (Pfu) is an excellent organism to generate reference samples for proteomics laboratories because of its moderately sized genome and very little sequence duplication within the genome. We demonstrated a stable and consistent method to prepare proteins in bulk that eliminates growth and preparation as a source of uncertainty ...
Lokareddy Ravi Kumar RK Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Thomas Jefferson University , 233 South 10th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, United - - 2013
Regulation of p53 phosphorylation is critical to control its stability and biological activity. Dual-specificity phosphatase 26 (DUSP26) is a brain phosphatase highly overexpressed in neuroblastoma, which has been implicated in dephosphorylating phospho-Ser20 and phospho-Ser37 in the p53 transactivation domain. In this paper, we report the 1.68 Å crystal structure of ...
Pegan Scott D SD Eleanor Roosevelt Institute and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado 80208, United States. - - 2013
Class II fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolases (FBAs, EC 4.1.2.13) comprise one of two families of aldolases. Instead of forming a Schiff base intermediate using an ε-amino group of a lysine side chain, class II FBAs utilize Zn(II) to stabilize a proposed hydroxyenolate intermediate (HEI) in the reversible cleavage of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, ...
Shaikh Saher A - - 2013
Computational modeling and molecular simulation techniques have become an integral part of modern molecular research. Various areas of molecular sciences continue to benefit from, indeed rely on, the unparalleled spatial and temporal resolutions offered by these technologies, to provide a more complete picture of the molecular problems at hand. Because ...
McGuire Amanda M AM Department of Chemistry, Reed College, Portland, OR 97202, - - 2013
The manganese transport regulator (MntR) represses the expression of genes involved in manganese uptake in Bacillus subtilis. It selectively responds to Mn(2+) and Cd(2+) over other divalent metal cations, including Fe(2+), Co(2+), and Zn(2+). Previous work has shown that MntR forms binuclear complexes with Mn(2+) or Cd(2+) at two binding ...
Breazzano Steven P SP Department of Chemistry and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2013
Herein we report a systematic study of the Larock indole annulation designed to explore the scope and define the generality of its use in macrocyclization reactions, its use in directly accessing the chloropeptin I versus II DEF ring system as well as key unnatural isomers, its utility for both peptide-derived ...
MacNevin Christopher J CJ Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2013
Fluorescent biosensors based on environmentally sensitive dyes enable visualization and quantification of endogenous protein activation within living cells. Merocyanine dyes are especially useful for live cell imaging applications, as they are extraordinarily bright, have long wavelengths of excitation and emission, and can exhibit readily detectable fluorescence changes in response to ...
Fan Yao Y Department of Chemistry, Digital Technology Center, and Supercomputing Institute, University of Minnesota , 207 Pleasant Street Southeast, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, United - - 2013
Combined quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics molecular dynamics simulations reveal that the M20 loop conformational dynamics of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is severely restricted at the transition state of the hydride transfer as a result of the M42W/G121V double mutation. Consequently, the double-mutant enzyme has a reduced entropy of activation, i.e., increased entropic ...
Nonaka Fumiaki - - 2013
Acute gouty arthritis is a severe but self-limiting arthritis caused by inflammatory responses to urate crystals. Oral colchicines are effective for initial stages or prophylaxis, but generally, colchicines are ineffective for established gouty arthritis. We describe an unusual case of gouty arthritis with systemic inflammatory reactions, including high fever and ...
Corso Phaedra S - - 2013
Programmatic cost analyses of preventive interventions commonly have a number of methodological difficulties. To determine the mean total costs and properly characterize variability, one often has to deal with small sample sizes, skewed distributions, and especially missing data. Standard approaches for dealing with missing data such as multiple imputation may ...
Zuppa Antonio Alberto - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of jaundice and hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn population of both immigrant and Italian mothers. METHODS: The authors studied a group of 1,680 infants born at "A. Gemelli" hospital during 1 y. All were with appropriate weight for gestational age, weighting more than 2,500 g, born to low-risk ...
Krieger E - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Bisphosphonates (BP) are an established medication, e.g., for the prevention/therapy of osteoporosis. The effects of the changed bone metabolism for orthodontic treatments are unknown. CASE REPORT: A 66-year-old woman underwent a total oral rehabilitation. The therapy included (1) tooth extractions, (2) periodontal treatment, (3) insertion of dental implants, (4) provisional implant restorations, (5) orthodontic ...
Ridenour Ty A - - 2013
Psychosocial prevention research lacks evidence from intensive within-person lines of research to understand idiographic processes related to development and response to intervention. Such data could be used to fill gaps in the literature and expand the study design options for prevention researchers, including lower-cost yet rigorous studies (e.g., for program ...
Nikolausz M - - 2013
Laboratory biogas reactors were operated under various conditions using maize silage, chicken manure, or distillers grains as substrate. In addition to the standard process parameters, the hydrogen and carbon stable isotopic composition of biogas was analyzed to estimate the predominant methanogenic pathways as a potential process control tool. The isotopic ...
Deliopoulou Kyriaki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although depression is considered to be significantly related to morbid obesity disorder, no information exists on the evolution of depression status after weight loss, in particular when an intragastric balloon is used. This prospective 6-month study examines both the effect on depression status and the relation of weight loss ...
Xin Peng - - 2013
The effects of rare earth elements (REEs) not only on cell growth and flavonoid accumulation of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum suspension cells but also on the isoenzyme patterns and activities of related enzymes were studied in this paper. There were no significant differences in enhancement of flavonoid accumulation in T. hemsleyanum suspension ...
Schubert K - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Almost all common laboratory procedures for lingual orthodontic appliances use indirect bonding of brackets via transfer trays. Ensuring precise transfer of these bracket positions to the oral cavity is especially important, as subsequent manual adjustments are challenging in lingual orthodontics and even minor errors of bracket placement may result ...
Lauridsen M M - - 2013
Existing tests for minimal/covert hepatic encephalopathy (m/cHE) are time- and expertise consuming and primarily useable for research purposes. An easy-to-use, fast and reliable diagnostic and grading tool is needed. We here report on the background, experience, and ongoing research regarding the continuous reaction times (CRT) method. The method has been ...
Celar A G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analysis of differences between conventional and self-ligating brackets concerning pain during tooth movement, number of patient visits, total treatment duration, and ligation times. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online search in Medline, Embase, and Central focused on randomized clinical trials and controlled clinical studies published between 1996 and 2012. RESULTS: Four ...
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