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Thomson Ruth M - - 2013
This review examines the role of platelets in ischemic stroke, platelet activation mechanisms, aspirin's rise as an antithrombotic agent, clopidogrel's appearance on the stage, a possible role for combination therapy, antiplatelet resistance, practical considerations, and future directions. Reviewed in this chapter are issues central to optimal antiplatelet therapy: efficacy, safety, ...
Sanon Saurabh - - 2013
Although the prevalent approach in cardiology is largely "stenosis-centric," it has been long known that most acute coronary events are caused by apparently angiographically nonsignificant stenosis. This has led to a gradual paradigm shift from detection of significant stenosis to detection of lesion instability. A number of imaging modalities have ...
Park S H - - 2013
Consumer demand for nonconventional poultry products continues to increase in the United States. In pasture flock and organic poultry production, probiotics and prebiotic feed additives have potential advantages because they are thought to promote intestinal health and may offer a replacement for current intervention strategies that are not considered acceptable ...
Kamboh A A - - 2013
This study was conducted to investigate the supplemental effects of purified bioflavonoids (genistein and hesperidin), as potential alternatives to plant/herbs or synthetic antioxidants, individually and in combination for fatty acid profile, lipid metabolites, and antioxidant status of broilers. Three hundred sixty 1-d-old broilers were divided into 6 treatment groups: control ...
Wernli Jeremy - - 2013
Standard treatment in cases of progressive keratectasia is UV-triggered corneal cross-linking. For irradiances larger than 10 mW/cm(2) and treatment times below 10 minutes, the scientific proof of a biomechanical strengthening effect is insufficient. The authors investigated the biomechanical strengthening of ex vivo corneal tissue treated with irradiances between 3 mW/cm(2) ...
Huddy Karlyn - - 2013
Statins are widely used for their cholesterol-lowering properties and proven reduction of cardiovascular disease risk. Many patients take statins as long-term treatment for a variety of conditions without a clear-cut understanding of how treatment duration affects the frequency of adverse effects. We aimed to evaluate whether the frequencies of documented ...
Xu X Julia - - 2013
Despite a strong correlation between obesity and insulin resistance, 25% of severely obese (BMI >40) individuals are insulin sensitive. In this review, we will examine the factors in adipose tissue that distinguish the two groups, as well as reasons for believing the insulin-sensitive group will be less disease prone. Obesity ...
Ricke S C - - 2013
Limiting Salmonella Enteritidis from table eggs can involve intervention approaches at several levels of the production cycle, beginning at the hatchery and ending at the processing or table egg production facilities. Likewise, interventions that limit Salmonella Enteritidis dissemination can be implemented at various stages during the life cycle of infection ...
Duncavage James - - 2013
In the aftermath of reforms in healthcare laws, there is a focused conversation concerning healthcare delivery with an increasing emphasis on quality, cost containment, improved outcomes and access. Concurrently, providers are experiencing pressure as patient volume escalates yet while funding levels fail to keep pace. Addressing these issues is imperative ...
Chen X - - 2013
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of outdoor access on the growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Thirty-five-day-old female broilers were divided into 3 groups with 6 replicates of 124 birds each: (1) birds reared indoors (control group); (2) birds reared with outdoor access since ...
Georgalas Christos - - 2013
There is increased recognition of the high prevalence of osteitic changes affecting the bony framework of the sinuses in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with or without nasal polyps. However, their grading, clinical significance, and management remain controversial. A number of studies have confirmed that there is a clear correlation ...
Jayaraman Sathishkumar - - 2013
Necrotic enteritis (NE) is an enterotoxemic disease caused by Clostridium perfringens that results in significant economic losses, averaging damage of $0.05 per bird. The present study investigated the influence of a dietary supplement, Bacillus subtilis PB6, on performance, intestinal health, and gut integrity against C. perfringens-induced NE in broiler birds. ...
Fonseca Ana Catarina - - 2013
Cerebrovascular disorders contribute to the morbidity and disability associated with illicit drug use. Drug abusers have an increased risk of both hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. In geographic areas with a high prevalence of illicit drug use, drug abuse is a frequent cause of stroke in the young adult. The illicit ...
- - 2013
Gerdes, A. C., Haack, L. M., & Schneider, B. W. (2012). Parental Functioning in Families of Children With ADHD: Evidence for Behavioral Parent Training and Importance of Clinically Meaningful Change. Journal of Attention Disorders, 16, 147-156. (Original DOI: 10.1177/1087054710381482).
Manhiani P S - - 2013
The aim of the present research was 1) to extract carnosine from different low economic value poultry tissues and 2) to measure their antioxidant activities using different analytical methods. Low economic value poultry tissues such as the head, liver, lungs, tail, gizzard, brain, and heart were used in this study. ...
Adelson Robert T - - 2013
Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common illness for which systemic antibiotics are frequently prescribed, although high-level evidence for this practice is largely lacking. We review the available literature addressing the proper role of oral antibiotics in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. Chronic rhinosinusitis is an incompletely understood disease process for which ...
Favero A - - 2013
Sources of Zn, Mn, and Cu (IZMC) as sulfates or as amino acid complexes (OZMC) were used to supplement Cobb 500 breeder hen diets. Experimental treatments consisted of diets supplemented with 1) 100, 100, and 10 mg/kg of Zn, Mn, and Cu, respectively, from IZMC (control); 2) 60, 60, and ...
Bulbulia Richard - - 2013
Large randomized trials have shown that lowering the concentration of LDL cholesterol with statins reduces vascular morbidity and mortality rapidly, with further benefit emerging during each year of treatment allocation. But, limited evidence is available about the long-term efficacy and safety of statin treatment. Long-term follow-up of surviving trial participants ...
Lentle R G - - 2013
We report the results of spatiotemporal mapping of the spontaneous actions of component muscles of the gizzard and associated structures in ex vivo preparations with combined superfusion and vascular perfusion. Ongoing spontaneous contraction of cranial and caudal thin muscles occurred at a frequency of 2.2 ± 0.1 cycles per minute. ...
Muñoz Daniel D Duke Clinical Research Institute, 2400 Pratt Street, Room 0311 Terrace Level, Durham, NC 27705, - - 2013
Loop diuretics remain a mainstay in the pharmacologic treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Recent randomized trial results have challenged existing clinical dogma about the optimal manner of intravenous diuretic administration in hospitalized patients. The Diuretic Optimization Strategies Evaluation (DOSE) trial, while technically a neutral study, suggested some advantages ...
Bahn Bret M - - 2013
Neurolytic celiac plexus blocks (NCPB) have been performed for many years for the treatment of cancer and some non-cancer pain conditions associated with the upper gastrointestinal tract. The block can provide adequate pain relief from the area of the distal esophagus to the transverse colon, and can be approached from ...
Yano S - - 2013
Campylobacter jejuni was monitored in 4 chicken farms during the period 2003 to 2006 to elucidate the mechanisms of transmission. Three farms (1 to 3), located at least 14 km from each other, belonged to an integrated poultry company, which also provided the farms with day-old chicks from several hatcheries ...
Syed Reema R Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2013
To study retinal structure in choroideremia patients and carriers using high-resolution imaging techniques. Subjects from four families (six female carriers and five affected males) with choroideremia (CHM) were characterized with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), kinetic and static perimetry, full-field electroretinography, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). High-resolution macular images were obtained with ...
Mehta Nidhi - - 2013
Despite the best available medical therapy inclusive of statins, substantial residual risk remains for atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease. Non-statin lipid-lowering therapy may help address this critical unmet need through reduction of the levels of low-density lipoprotein and other atherogenic lipoproteins. In the past few years, several landmark trials have provided important ...
Saito Masayuki - - 2013
Capsaicin and its nonpungent analog (capsinoids) are known to be food ingredients that increase energy expenditure and decrease body fat. This article reviews the role of brown adipose tissue (BAT) for the thermogenic effect of these compounds in humans and proposes the possibility of some other antiobesity food ingredients. A ...
Ahn Dong U - - 2013
Reduction of foodborne illnesses and deaths by improving the safety of poultry products is one of the priority areas in the United States, and developing and implementing effective food processing technologies can be very effective to accomplish that goal. Irradiation is an effective processing technology for eliminating pathogens in poultry ...
Axsom Kelly - - 2013
The ability for statins to reduce major cardiovascular events and mortality has lead to this drug class being the most commonly prescribed in the world. In particular, the benefit of these drugs in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is well established. In February 2012, the Food and Drug Administration released changes ...
Venkitanarayanan K - - 2013
Salmonella Enteritidis and Campylobacter jejuni are the 2 major foodborne pathogens transmitted through poultry products. Chickens are the reservoir hosts of these pathogens, with their intestinal colonization being the most significant factor causing contamination of meat and eggs. Effective preslaughter strategies for reducing the colonization of birds with these pathogens ...
George A T AT Physiology Unit, St Mark's Hospital, Watford Road, Harrow HA1 3UJ, UK. - - 2013
Percutaneous, transcutaneous and sham transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation was compared in a prospective blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial. Patients who had failed conservative treatment for faecal incontinence were randomized to one of three groups: group 1, percutaneous; group 2, transcutaneous; group 3, sham transcutaneous. Patients in groups 1 and 2 ...
Amit Amnon - - 2013
To evaluate the role of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT as cancer response testing in gynecological malignancies. The application of FDG PET/CT in patients with endometrial and ovarian cancer to evaluate treatment response was found to have no clinical benefits.Patients with cervical cancer seem to benefit from the use of PET/CT in ...
Zhao Y - - 2013
Infrared thermography (IRT) was compared with the traditional 4-scale feather scoring (FS, with 1 representing the worst feather coverage and 4 the best) method for assessing feather coverage of laying hens. The feather coverage of 6 body parts (head, dorsal neck, front neck and crop, back, breast, and belly), body ...
Moon S H - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic activities of ovotransferrin (OTF) from egg white and its enzyme hydrolysates (OTH). The OTF was hydrolyzed at 45°C for 3 h using neutrase, alcalase, acid (0.03 N HCl, pH 2.5), protamex, protex 6L, flavorzyme, α-chymotrypsin, trypsin, and collupulin MG. The ...
Chokboonmongkol C - - 2013
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in broiler flocks by testing cecal contents at slaughter and to detect and quantify Campylobacter on broiler carcass skin samples of the corresponding slaughter batches, to determine antimicrobial resistance patterns of the Campylobacter isolates, and to genotype selected Campylobacter ...
Mack L A - - 2013
Genetic differences alter the type and degree of hens' responses and their ability to adapt to a stressor. This study examined the effects of genotypic variations on the productivity and behavior of laying hens following heat stress (HS). Two strains of White Leghorn hens were used: DXL (Dekalb XL), a ...
Kuusisto Johanna - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) from two- to four-fold. In our large Finnish population-based study published in 1998 subjects with medication for type 2 diabetes had as high a risk of fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) during the 7- year follow-up as non-diabetic subjects ...
Pendleton S - - 2013
Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of foodborne illness, with poultry and poultry products being leading sources of infection. Epidemiological efforts to trace Campylobacter can be challenging because of the extreme genetic diversity of this bacterium relative to other foodborne pathogens. To enhance tracking and epidemiological efforts, whole-genome sequencing has ...
Ahmed M F M - - 2013
Infected laying hens regularly excrete large amounts of Campylobacter jejuni with their feces, which represent a reservoir of infection within the flock and for animals in the region. However, the knowledge about survival times of C. jejuni in these feces is still scarce. Therefore, orienting laboratory experiments were carried out ...
Postmus Iris I Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Proprotein convertase subtilisin-like/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a protein involved in LDL-cholesterol metabolism. The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs11591147 has been associated with lower LDL-cholesterol and a lower risk of coronary heart disease. Because PCSK9 has high affinity to the LDL receptor, inhibiting PCSK9 is a testable therapeutic target for lipid-lowering ...
Kushnir Christina L - - 2013
To review perioperative care in gynecologic oncology with special emphasis on areas of controversy. Major gynecologic surgery still represents the cornerstone of management among women diagnosed with gynecologic malignancies. The implementation of clinical guidelines can significantly impact perioperative morbidity and mortality. Preoperative evaluation and preparation allows the surgeon to identify ...
Hester P Y - - 2013
Enrichment of pullet cages with perches has not been studied. Our objective was to determine if access to metal perches during all or part of the life cycle of caged White Leghorns affected egg traits, foot health, and feather condition. Treatment 1 represented control chickens that never had access to ...
Froehler Michael T - - 2013
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a catastrophic neurologic event. Early triage of patients with SAH should include cardiopulmonary stabilization, neurologic assessment, and imaging. Conventional angiography with 3-dimensional rendering is necessary to accurately assess aneurysm morphology and location, so that treatment can be planned appropriately. Current evidence suggests that coil embolization ...
Dillner Joakim - - 2013
An update on the use of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing as the primary screening test for advancing the effectiveness of organized cervical screening programs. Because HPV-based cervical screening has a protective effect of longer duration than cervical cytology, screening intervals can be lengthened for HPV-negative women. Under most scenarios of ...
Schneider John S JS Department of Otolaryngology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-8605, USA. - - 2013
Robotic surgery in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery has become a valuable tool in certain anatomic approaches; however, its application in surgery of the paranasal sinuses and anterior skull base is still in an investigatory phase and requires further evaluation. Existing robotic surgical systems face particular limitations in their ...
Adams Reid B RB Division of General Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, - - 2013
Hepatic resection offers a chance of a cure in selected patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). To achieve adequate patient selection and curative surgery, (i) precise assessment of the extent of disease, (ii) sensitive criteria for chemotherapy effect, (iii) adequate decision making in surgical indication and (iv) an optimal surgical ...
Shanmugasundaram Revathi - - 2013
This experiment studied the effects of whole yeast cell product supplementation on broiler production parameters, fecal coccidial oocyst counts, and local and systemic immune parameters following an experimental coccidial infection. Birds were fed 0, 0.1, or 0.2% whole yeast cell product (CitriStim). At 21 d of age, birds were challenged ...
Morsink Linde M - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a multi-causal, heterogeneous and progressive cardiometabolic condition, with an increasing prevalence worldwide. T2DM is associated with multiple comorbidities that may impact patients' quality of life. Treatment is multifactorial, but pharmacologic treatment of hyperglycemia is still regarded as the mainstay of diabetes management. Current established therapies ...
Seal Bruce S BS Poultry Microbiological Safety Research Unit, R.B. Russell Agricultural Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 950 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30605, USA. - - 2013
There has been a resurgent interest in the use of bacteriophages or their gene products to control bacterial pathogens as alternatives to currently used antibiotics. Clostridium perfringens is a gram-positive, spore-forming anaerobic bacterium that plays a significant role in human foodborne disease as well as non-foodborne human, animal, and avian ...
Ramasubbu Chitra - - 2013
The last 30 years have witnessed the growth of spinal cord stimulation as a treatment modality for an increasing number of chronic pain conditions. In spite of this growth, one of the greatest criticisms is the lack of concrete evidence for the mechanism of action. With the ever increasing enlightenment with ...
Stephens Joanna C - - 2013
The maxillary sinus may be involved in a wide variety of disorders. Many of these share common presenting symptoms but some have unique features. This article reviews some of the recent publications in this area. The majority of isolated maxillary sinus disease has been previously described. Some recent data on ...
van der Hoeven-Hangoor E - - 2013
Reducing litter moisture is an effective measure to reduce the incidence of footpad dermatitis. Dietary mineral levels affect intestinal conditions with regard to osmolarity and water reabsorption. Magnesium is often used as a laxative, preventing reabsorption of water from the digesta, and as a consequence, more moisture in the excreta. ...
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