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Sun H - - 2013
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary inclusion of fermented cottonseed meal (FCM) on the ileal and cecal bacterial microbiota of broiler chickens. A total of 300 newborn yellow-feathered broiler chickens were randomly divided into 2 treatments with 3 replicates each (50 birds per replicate): control and ...
Kuttappan V A - - 2013
White striping is a condition in broiler chickens characterized grossly by the occurrence of white striations, seen parallel to the direction of muscle fibers, on broiler breast fillets and thighs. Based on visual evaluation of the intensity of white striping, breast fillets can be categorized into normal (NORM), moderate (MOD), ...
Chokboonmongkol C - - 2013
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in broiler flocks by testing cecal contents at slaughter and to detect and quantify Campylobacter on broiler carcass skin samples of the corresponding slaughter batches, to determine antimicrobial resistance patterns of the Campylobacter isolates, and to genotype selected Campylobacter ...
Kuttappan V A - - 2013
White striping is the white striation occasionally observed parallel to the direction of muscle fibers in broiler breast fillets and thighs at the processing plant. Broiler breast fillets can be categorized as normal (NORM), moderate (MOD), or severe (SEV) based on the degree of white striping. Histologically, SEV fillets are ...
Froehler Michael T - - 2013
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a catastrophic neurologic event. Early triage of patients with SAH should include cardiopulmonary stabilization, neurologic assessment, and imaging. Conventional angiography with 3-dimensional rendering is necessary to accurately assess aneurysm morphology and location, so that treatment can be planned appropriately. Current evidence suggests that coil embolization ...
Ahmed M F M - - 2013
Infected laying hens regularly excrete large amounts of Campylobacter jejuni with their feces, which represent a reservoir of infection within the flock and for animals in the region. However, the knowledge about survival times of C. jejuni in these feces is still scarce. Therefore, orienting laboratory experiments were carried out ...
Duncavage James - - 2013
In the aftermath of reforms in healthcare laws, there is a focused conversation concerning healthcare delivery with an increasing emphasis on quality, cost containment, improved outcomes and access. Concurrently, providers are experiencing pressure as patient volume escalates yet while funding levels fail to keep pace. Addressing these issues is imperative ...
Chen X - - 2013
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of outdoor access on the growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickens. Thirty-five-day-old female broilers were divided into 3 groups with 6 replicates of 124 birds each: (1) birds reared indoors (control group); (2) birds reared with outdoor access since ...
Caputo M P - - 2013
The mass depopulation of production birds remains an effective means of controlling fast-moving, highly infectious diseases such as avian influenza and virulent Newcastle disease. Water-based fire-fighting foam is a conditionally approved method of depopulating floor-reared gallinaceous poultry such as chickens and turkeys; however, ducks have physiological mechanisms that may make ...
Bahn Bret M - - 2013
Neurolytic celiac plexus blocks (NCPB) have been performed for many years for the treatment of cancer and some non-cancer pain conditions associated with the upper gastrointestinal tract. The block can provide adequate pain relief from the area of the distal esophagus to the transverse colon, and can be approached from ...
Yano S - - 2013
Campylobacter jejuni was monitored in 4 chicken farms during the period 2003 to 2006 to elucidate the mechanisms of transmission. Three farms (1 to 3), located at least 14 km from each other, belonged to an integrated poultry company, which also provided the farms with day-old chicks from several hatcheries ...
Rehfield Patricia - - 2013
CHD morbidity and mortality rates have more than halved since their peak in the 1960s and 1970s. This trend is a result of many factors; however, primary prevention provides the bulk of this benefit. Despite this tremendous progress, cardiovascular disease remains the major cause of death and this trend is ...
Nestel Paul J - - 2013
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as a clear risk factor for cardiovascular risk. Through its association with metabolic syndrome including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, NAFLD certainly has strong indirect associations with cardiovascular risk. Recent population studies have strengthened the association with prevalent coronary heart disease. Investigative ...
Cherian Gita - - 2013
The title of the Keynote Symposium at the 2012 Poultry Science Association Meeting at the Georgia Center in Athens, Georgia, was "Tomorrow's Poultry: Sustainability and Safety." The purpose of the symposium was to provide members and guests of the Poultry Science Association an opportunity to be updated on the recent ...
Park In-Jae - - 2013
We evaluated the immunomodulatory effects of a proanthocyanidin-rich extract (PAE) from Pinus radiata bark in Korean native chickens. In experiment 1, proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was significantly enhanced in chickens administered 1.25, 2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg of PAE for 2 wk once daily by oral gavage compared ...
Gast Richard K - - 2013
More human illnesses caused by Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Enteritidis throughout the world have been linked to the consumption of contaminated eggs than to any other food vehicle. Deposition of this pathogen in the edible contents of eggs occurs when systemic infections of laying hens involve colonization of reproductive ...
Howell Sacha J - - 2013
Recent advances in the genomic analysis of breast cancers show promise in better defining endocrine sensitive subtypes. In addition, several key trials have recently reported results that better define the optimal sequence of endocrine agents and approaches to overcome endocrine resistance. In clinical practice 'luminal' breast cancer is commonly used ...
Rozempolska-Rucinska I - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to test the genetics of individual egg hatchability. Hatching outcome (0,1) of each of the eggs (126,430) laid during hatching seasons of 5 generations of a Rhode Island White population was analyzed with models that attributed the direct additive effect either to an egg ...
Gaens Katrien Hj - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight the potential importance of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and advanced-lipoxidation endproducts (ALEs) in obesity and obesity-related complications, and the contribution of the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) and the glyoxylase defense system therein. RECENT FINDINGS: Formation of AGEs/ALEs and its precursors, including methylglyoxal (MGO), ...
Mehta Nidhi - - 2013
Despite the best available medical therapy inclusive of statins, substantial residual risk remains for atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease. Non-statin lipid-lowering therapy may help address this critical unmet need through reduction of the levels of low-density lipoprotein and other atherogenic lipoproteins. In the past few years, several landmark trials have provided important ...
Saito Masayuki - - 2013
Capsaicin and its nonpungent analog (capsinoids) are known to be food ingredients that increase energy expenditure and decrease body fat. This article reviews the role of brown adipose tissue (BAT) for the thermogenic effect of these compounds in humans and proposes the possibility of some other antiobesity food ingredients. A ...
Ahn Dong U - - 2013
Reduction of foodborne illnesses and deaths by improving the safety of poultry products is one of the priority areas in the United States, and developing and implementing effective food processing technologies can be very effective to accomplish that goal. Irradiation is an effective processing technology for eliminating pathogens in poultry ...
Mack L A - - 2013
Genetic differences alter the type and degree of hens' responses and their ability to adapt to a stressor. This study examined the effects of genotypic variations on the productivity and behavior of laying hens following heat stress (HS). Two strains of White Leghorn hens were used: DXL (Dekalb XL), a ...
George A T - - 2013
Percutaneous, transcutaneous and sham transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation was compared in a prospective blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial. Patients who had failed conservative treatment for faecal incontinence were randomized to one of three groups: group 1, percutaneous; group 2, transcutaneous; group 3, sham transcutaneous. Patients in groups 1 and 2 ...
Amit Amnon - - 2013
To evaluate the role of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT as cancer response testing in gynecological malignancies. The application of FDG PET/CT in patients with endometrial and ovarian cancer to evaluate treatment response was found to have no clinical benefits.Patients with cervical cancer seem to benefit from the use of PET/CT in ...
Zhao Y - - 2013
Infrared thermography (IRT) was compared with the traditional 4-scale feather scoring (FS, with 1 representing the worst feather coverage and 4 the best) method for assessing feather coverage of laying hens. The feather coverage of 6 body parts (head, dorsal neck, front neck and crop, back, breast, and belly), body ...
Shanmugasundaram Revathi - - 2013
This experiment studied the effects of whole yeast cell product supplementation on broiler production parameters, fecal coccidial oocyst counts, and local and systemic immune parameters following an experimental coccidial infection. Birds were fed 0, 0.1, or 0.2% whole yeast cell product (CitriStim). At 21 d of age, birds were challenged ...
Fonseca Ana Catarina - - 2013
Cerebrovascular disorders contribute to the morbidity and disability associated with illicit drug use. Drug abusers have an increased risk of both hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. In geographic areas with a high prevalence of illicit drug use, drug abuse is a frequent cause of stroke in the young adult. The illicit ...
Manhiani P S - - 2013
The aim of the present research was 1) to extract carnosine from different low economic value poultry tissues and 2) to measure their antioxidant activities using different analytical methods. Low economic value poultry tissues such as the head, liver, lungs, tail, gizzard, brain, and heart were used in this study. ...
Moon S H - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic activities of ovotransferrin (OTF) from egg white and its enzyme hydrolysates (OTH). The OTF was hydrolyzed at 45°C for 3 h using neutrase, alcalase, acid (0.03 N HCl, pH 2.5), protamex, protex 6L, flavorzyme, α-chymotrypsin, trypsin, and collupulin MG. The ...
Kamboh A A - - 2013
This study was conducted to investigate the supplemental effects of purified bioflavonoids (genistein and hesperidin), as potential alternatives to plant/herbs or synthetic antioxidants, individually and in combination for fatty acid profile, lipid metabolites, and antioxidant status of broilers. Three hundred sixty 1-d-old broilers were divided into 6 treatment groups: control ...
Kuusisto Johanna - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) from two- to four-fold. In our large Finnish population-based study published in 1998 subjects with medication for type 2 diabetes had as high a risk of fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) during the 7- year follow-up as non-diabetic subjects ...
Pendleton S - - 2013
Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of foodborne illness, with poultry and poultry products being leading sources of infection. Epidemiological efforts to trace Campylobacter can be challenging because of the extreme genetic diversity of this bacterium relative to other foodborne pathogens. To enhance tracking and epidemiological efforts, whole-genome sequencing has ...
Piya Milan K - - 2013
This article reviews the evidence linking gut bacteria, endotoxin, and its circulating levels with inflammatory induced obesity and metabolic disease (metabolic endotoxaemia). Gut flora analyses have allowed gut microbiota signatures (GMS) to be observed in animal studies of obesity/metabolic disease. In these studies, specific GMS result in a change in ...
Diaz-Sanchez S - - 2013
The era of molecular biology and automation of the Sanger chain-terminator sequencing method has led to discovery and advances in diagnostics and biotechnology. The Sanger methodology dominated research for over 2 decades, leading to significant accomplishments and technological improvements in DNA sequencing. Next-generation high-throughput sequencing (HT-NGS) technologies were developed subsequently ...
Romanini C E B - - 2013
This study investigated variations in eggshell temperature (T(egg)) during the hatching process of broiler eggs. Temperature sensors monitored embryo temperature by registering T(egg) every minute. Measurements carried out on a sample of 40 focal eggs revealed temperature drops between 2 to 6°C during the last 3 d of incubation. Video ...
Georgalas Christos - - 2013
There is increased recognition of the high prevalence of osteitic changes affecting the bony framework of the sinuses in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with or without nasal polyps. However, their grading, clinical significance, and management remain controversial. A number of studies have confirmed that there is a clear correlation ...
Jayaraman Sathishkumar - - 2013
Necrotic enteritis (NE) is an enterotoxemic disease caused by Clostridium perfringens that results in significant economic losses, averaging damage of $0.05 per bird. The present study investigated the influence of a dietary supplement, Bacillus subtilis PB6, on performance, intestinal health, and gut integrity against C. perfringens-induced NE in broiler birds. ...
Dillner Joakim - - 2013
An update on the use of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing as the primary screening test for advancing the effectiveness of organized cervical screening programs. Because HPV-based cervical screening has a protective effect of longer duration than cervical cytology, screening intervals can be lengthened for HPV-negative women. Under most scenarios of ...
Sanon Saurabh - - 2013
Although the prevalent approach in cardiology is largely "stenosis-centric," it has been long known that most acute coronary events are caused by apparently angiographically nonsignificant stenosis. This has led to a gradual paradigm shift from detection of significant stenosis to detection of lesion instability. A number of imaging modalities have ...
Park S H - - 2013
Consumer demand for nonconventional poultry products continues to increase in the United States. In pasture flock and organic poultry production, probiotics and prebiotic feed additives have potential advantages because they are thought to promote intestinal health and may offer a replacement for current intervention strategies that are not considered acceptable ...
Axsom Kelly - - 2013
The ability for statins to reduce major cardiovascular events and mortality has lead to this drug class being the most commonly prescribed in the world. In particular, the benefit of these drugs in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is well established. In February 2012, the Food and Drug Administration released changes ...
Venkitanarayanan K - - 2013
Salmonella Enteritidis and Campylobacter jejuni are the 2 major foodborne pathogens transmitted through poultry products. Chickens are the reservoir hosts of these pathogens, with their intestinal colonization being the most significant factor causing contamination of meat and eggs. Effective preslaughter strategies for reducing the colonization of birds with these pathogens ...
Bulbulia Richard - - 2013
Large randomized trials have shown that lowering the concentration of LDL cholesterol with statins reduces vascular morbidity and mortality rapidly, with further benefit emerging during each year of treatment allocation. But, limited evidence is available about the long-term efficacy and safety of statin treatment. Long-term follow-up of surviving trial participants ...
Lentle R G - - 2013
We report the results of spatiotemporal mapping of the spontaneous actions of component muscles of the gizzard and associated structures in ex vivo preparations with combined superfusion and vascular perfusion. Ongoing spontaneous contraction of cranial and caudal thin muscles occurred at a frequency of 2.2 ± 0.1 cycles per minute. ...
Chen Sirui - - 2013
Muscle characteristics such as myofiber diameter, density, and total number are important traits in broiler breeding and production. In the present study, 19 SNP of 13 major genes, which are located in the vicinity of quantitative trait loci affecting breast muscle weight, including INS, IGF2, PIK3C2A, AKT3, PRKAB2, PRKAG3, VEGFA, ...
Xu X Julia - - 2013
Despite a strong correlation between obesity and insulin resistance, 25% of severely obese (BMI >40) individuals are insulin sensitive. In this review, we will examine the factors in adipose tissue that distinguish the two groups, as well as reasons for believing the insulin-sensitive group will be less disease prone. Obesity ...
Silva Kamila C - - 2013
Green tea (GT), widely studied for its beneficial properties in protecting against brain ischemia, is a rich source of polyphenols, particularly (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The results presented here demonstrate the beneficial effects of GT in diabetic retinas and in retinal cells under diabetic conditions. Diabetes was induced in spontaneously hypertensive ...
Wernli Jeremy - - 2013
Standard treatment in cases of progressive keratectasia is UV-triggered corneal cross-linking. For irradiances larger than 10 mW/cm(2) and treatment times below 10 minutes, the scientific proof of a biomechanical strengthening effect is insufficient. The authors investigated the biomechanical strengthening of ex vivo corneal tissue treated with irradiances between 3 mW/cm(2) ...
Liu Jia - - 2013
Retinal hemorrhages occur in a variety of sight-threatening conditions including ocular trauma, high altitude retinopathy, and chronic diseases such as diabetic and hypertensive retinopathies. The goal of this study is to investigate the effects of blood in the vitreous on retinal vascular function in rats. Intravitreal injections of autologous blood, ...
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