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Carlson Bryce A - - 2013
Primate feeding behavior varies over long (e.g., weekly, seasonally, yearly) and short (e.g., hourly) scales of time due to changes in resource availability and the nutritional composition of foods. While the factors that affect long-term changes in feeding behavior have received considerable attention, few data exist regarding what drives variability ...
Khoza-Shangase Katijah - - 2013
Background: The current study aimed to determine the accuracy of UHear™, a downloadable audiometer on to an iPod Touch©, when compared with conventional audiometry. Methods: Participants were enrolled primary school scholars. A total number of eighty-six participants (172 ears) were included. Of these eighty-six participants, forty-four were female and forty-two ...
Chandra Phool - - 2013
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Lygodium flexuosum (Linn) Sw. is a climbing fern, and it is the sole genus in the family Lygodiaceae. It commonly grows epiphytically on moss covered tree trunks and branches as lithophytes on shady boulders along with moss. It has been reported as a traditional folkloric medicine for a ...
Sri D - - 2013
Introduction. Spinal Dural Fistulas (SDAVF) are the most common Spinal Vascular Malformation. The management of SDAVFs has revolved around embolization or surgical interruption. The management strategy employed at this centre is to attempt embolization as first line therapy and to opt for surgery in the event of failure. Method. This ...
Brault Norman D - - 2013
Protein arrays are a high-throughput approach for proteomic profiling vital for achieving a greater understanding of biological systems in addition to disease diagnostics and monitoring therapeutic treatments. In this work, zwitterionic carboxybetaine polymer (pCB) coated substrates were investigated as an array surface platform to enable convenient amino-coupling chemistry on a ...
Lee Wonjoo - - 2013
We present a novel and simple method for forming hexagonal gold nanoparticle arrays that uses Coulombic interactions between negatively charged gold nanoparticles on positively charged vertically oriented poly(4-vinylpyridine) cylinders formed in a spin cast polystyrene-b-poly(4-vinylpyridine) block copolymer film. Exposure of the block copolymer film to dibromobutane vapor quaternizes and crosslinks ...
Hensgens Marjolein P M - - 2013
Background. Mortality among patients with Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) is high. Because of high age and multiple underlying diseases, CDI-related mortality is difficult to estimate. We estimated (CDI-related) mortality in an endemic situation, not influenced by outbreaks and consequently certain patients and C. difficile strains.Methods. Between 2006 and 2009, 13 Dutch hospitals ...
Dewire Scott M - - 2013
The concept of ligand bias at G protein-coupled receptors broadens the possibilities for agonist activities and provides the opportunity to develop safer, more selective therapeutics. Morphine pharmacology in beta-arrestin2 knock out mice suggested that a ligand that promotes coupling of the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) to G proteins, but not beta-arrestins, ...
Guo Siyu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine rates of carriage of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli and extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) among dogs in a specialist referral hospital and to examine the population structure of the isolates. METHODS: Fluoroquinolone-resistant faecal E. coli isolates (nā€Š=ā€Š232, from 23 of 123 dogs) recovered from hospitalized dogs in a ...
Brusa Davide - - 2013
Background. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is marked by profound defects in T cell function. Programmed death-1 is a receptor involved in tumor-mediated immunosuppression through binding of the PD-L1 ligand. Design and Methods. Multiparameter flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry were used to study PD-1/PD-L1 expression. Functional assays were used to determine the involvement ...
Sirianni Giulia - - 2013
Complex and flexible food processing was a key element for the evolutionary success of hominins, enlarging the range of exploitable foods while enabling occupation of new habitats. Only a few primate species crack open encased food by using percussive tools and/or avoid physical contact with irritant compounds by removing the ...
Lahti Laura S - - 2013
The midbrain GABAergic neurons control several aspects of behaviour, play important roles in psychiatric disease and are targets of medical treatments as well as drugs of abuse. However, their molecular diversity and regulation of development are only beginning to be understood. In this review we briefly introduce distinct subpopulations of ...
Cheng Gang - - 2013
Crocodilians are a group of reptiles that are closely related to birds and are thought to possess a strong immune system. Here we report that the IgH locus in the Siamese crocodile and the Chinese alligator contains multiple μ genes, in contrast to other tetrapods. Both the μ2 and μ3 ...
de Jager Dinanda J - - 2013
BackgroundThe presence of glomerular filtration in dialysis patients is associated with improved survival and quality of life. This study explores the time course of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) between 1 year before and 1 year after the start of haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD).MethodsThis study included 1861 incident ...
Narayan Soumya - - 2013
For the past decade, DISC1 has been studied as a promising lead to understand the biology underlying major mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia. Consequently, many review articles on DISC1 have been published. In this article, rather than repeating comprehensive overviews of research articles, we will introduce the utility of DISC1 ...
Mlinar Vladan - - 2013
Understanding how to engineer nanomaterials for targeted solar-cell applications is the key to improving their efficiency and could lead to breakthroughs in their design. Proposed mechanisms for the conversion of solar energy to electricity are those exploiting the particle nature of light in conventional photovoltaic cells, and those using the ...
Acharya Somobrata - - 2013
Two-dimensional (2D) sheets are currently in the spotlight of nanotechnology owing to high-performance device fabrication possibilities. Building a free-standing quantum sheet with controlled morphology is challenging when large planar geometry and ultranarrow thickness are simultaneously concerned. Coalescence of nanowires into large single-crystalline sheet is a promising approach leading to large, ...
Bejjani Satyanarayana - - 2013
IRW is an ACE inhibitory peptide, derived from egg ovotransferrin. The purposes of the study were to evaluate the stability and transcellular transport of IRW in Caco-2 cell monolayers. The stability and transport of IRW was monitored in apical surface as well from apical (AP) to basolateral (BL) and from ...
Beach Daniel G - - 2013
Quantitative nontarget analysis is intended to provide a measurement of concentration of newly identified components in complex biological or environmental samples for which authentic or labeled standard do not exist. Electrospray Ionization - high field asymmetric waveform ion mobility spectrometry - mass spectrometry (ESI-FAIMS-MS) has unique advantages that allowed us ...
Onda Yayoi - - 2013
In rice (Oryza sativa) endosperm cells, oxidative protein folding is necessary for the sorting of storage proteins to protein bodies, PB-I and PB-II. Here we examined the role of sulfhydryl oxidoreductase PDIL2;3 (a human P5 ortholog) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), using GFP-AB, a PB-I marker in which the N-terminal ...
Punia R P S - - 2013
Background: Kimura's disease is a rare, localised, chronic inflammatory disease. This benign disease involves subcutaneous tissues, the major salivary gland, and lymph nodes primarily in the head and neck area. Method: Clinical details and stained slides of all cases reported as Kimura's disease over a 10-year period were reviewed. Results: ...
Rund-Kangisser Shlomit - - 2013
The circadian (~24 h) clock has an enormous influence on the biology of plants and controls a plethora of processes including growth, photosynthesis, photoperiodic flowering and transcription of more than 30% of the genome. The oscillator mechanism that generates these circadian rhythms consists of interlocking feedback loops. CIRCADIAN CLOCK ASSOCIATED ...
Small Leigh - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare objectively measured physical activity (PA) and parent-reported assessments of the children's PA in an overweight/obese child sample. A total of 67 child-parent dyads were recruited for study participation. Child anthropometric measures and parent-reported questionnaires were completed, and then PA was measured by ...
Li Xiaojie - - 2013
A novel type of temperature-sensitive dendrimers was synthesized using one-step terminal modification of polyamidoamine dendrimers (PAMAM) with various alkoxy diethylene glycols such as methoxy diethylene glycol, ethoxy diethylene glycol, and propoxy diethylene glycol. The obtained dendrimers exhibited tunable lower critical solution temperature (LCST), depending on PAMAM generation and terminal alkoxy ...
Chen Zongping - - 2013
A lightweight graphene foam composite with a density of 0.06 g/cm(3) is developed. It shows a EMI shielding effectiveness of 30 dB and specific shielding effectiveness of 500 dB·cm(3) /g, which surpasses the best values of metals and other carbon-based composites. In addition, the excellent flexibility of this foam composite ...
Wu Chunyan - - 2013
Here we report the fabrication of a novel photovoltaic device based on CuS nanotubes (CuSNTs) and indium tin oxide (ITO) Schottky junctions. Large-quantity synthesis of CuSNTs was accomplished via a solution-based sacrificial template method under moderate conditions, while ITO Schottky contacts were fabricated via micro-fabrication and pulsed laser deposition (PLD). ...
Hill Jonathon T - - 2013
Forward genetic screens in model organisms are vital for identifying novel genes essential for developmental or disease processes. One drawback of these screens is the labor-intensive and sometimes inconclusive process of mapping the causative mutation. In order to leverage high-throughput techniques to improve this mapping process, we have developed a ...
Sean D Sullivan - - 2013
Abstract Background/Objective: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (anti-TNF) blocking agents are effective for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with mean response rates of 60-70 percent. Patients with incomplete response to initial anti-TNF treatment often are switched to other biologic treatments with some success. However, little is known about whether or not ...
Goldberg Joshua B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: =0.003). Patients with preserved EF had significantly improved 6-month and 8-year survival compared with their reduced EF counterparts.Conclusions-Survival after AVR or AVR+coronary artery bypass grafting was most favorable among patients with preoperative preserved EF. However, patients with mild to moderately depressed EF experienced a substantial survival benefit compared with ...
Knappschneider Arno - - 2013
Chromium tetraboride [orthorhombic, space group Pnnm (No. 58), a = 474.65(9) pm, b = 548.0(1) pm, c = 286.81(5) pm, and R value (all data) = 0.041], formerly described in space group Immm, was found not to be superhard, despite several theory-based prognoses. CrB(4) shows an almost temperature-independent paramagnetism, consistent ...
Chen Jenn-Wei - - 2013
Clostridium difficile in recent years has undergone rapid evolution and has emerged as a serious human pathogen. Proteomic approaches can improve the understanding of the diversity of this important pathogen, especially in comparing the adaptive ability of different C. difficile strains. In this study, TMT labeling and nanoLC-MS/MS driven proteomics ...
Barrabeig Irene - - 2013
Rubella is usually a mild disease with nonspecific symptoms, but can cause congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) when infection occurs during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and positive predictive value of different data sources used for surveillance purposes in the Rubella Elimination Program of Catalonia ...
Song Hui - - 2013
One-dimensional (1-D) SnO(2) nanorods (NRs) with a rutile structure are grown on various substrates regardless of the lattice-mismatch by using a new nutrient solution based on tin oxalate, which generated supersaturated Sn(2+) sources. These affluent sources are appropriate for producing a large number of SnO(2) nanoparticles, sufficient for stacking on ...
Choi June-Seek - - 2013
Maternal intake of licorice from dietary sources has been associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. We prospectively studied the outcome of 185 singleton pregnancies who took over-the-counter or naturopathic formulations containing licorice during their pregnancy, and 370 age-matched singleton pregnant controls that were not exposed to any potential teratogen. ...
Ishikawa Haruki - - 2013
We recently demonstrated the circadian clock modulated water dynamics in the roots of a small model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, by the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) microimaging technique. Our developed technique was able to visualize the water distribution that depended on differences in the ( 1) H signal among region in ...
Sibbing D - - 2013
Blood platelets are highly activated in the setting of an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This fact mandates the need for potent platelet inhibition in ACS patients and especially in patients undergoing a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The 2nd generation thienopyridine clopidogrel has been the standard of treatment in the past. ...
Majnemer Annette - - 2013
ABSTRACT This study examined the relationship between gross motor function and manual ability in 120 adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) (15.2, SD 2.1 years, 59.8% male). Adolescents were evaluated using the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS). A neurologist classified CP subtype. Most adolescents ...
Veit Johannes A - - 2013
Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting tumors account for approximately 10% of Cushing's syndrome (CS). We present an extremely rare case of a patient with CS caused by an ectopic ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma (EAPA) of the ethmoid sinus. The tumor was identified by positron-emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) using the somatostatin receptor analogue ...
Martin Hilary L - - 2013
AIM: To investigate the management and cancer outcomes of liver transplant recipients. METHOD: An audit of all liver transplant recipients from a single liver transplant center from January 1991 to March 2010. Data were obtained from case notes, cancer registry and clinical databases. RESULTS: 198 transplant recipients were identified and ...
Orchowski Lindsay M - - 2013
How a support provider responds to disclosure of sexual victimization has important implications for the process of recovery. The present study examines the associations between various positive and negative social reactions to sexual assault disclosure and psychological distress, coping behavior, social support, and self-esteem in a sample of college women ...
Kida Akiko - - 2013
For establishing cells that secrete antibodies most efficiently (e.g., hybridomas, CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) cells), the screening and subsequent breeding of promising cells have been performed at the single-colony level, which requires several weeks to propagate a substantial number of cells by forming colonies from single cells for evaluation by ...
Jang Eun-Pyo - - 2013
We report on the synthesis of highly fluorescent double-ZnS-shell-capped, yellow-emitting Cu-In-S quantum dots (QDs) with a surprisingly high quantum yield of 92%, the preparation of a free-standing QD-polymethylmethacrylate composite plate, and the application of the QD plate in the fabrication of QD-based white-light-emitting diodes (WLEDs). A free-standing QD plate with QDs ...
Saris Christiaan G J - - 2013
The exact pathway leading to neuron death and muscle atrophy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has not yet been elucidated. Gene expression profile of spinal cord, blood and muscle could provide signalling pathways and systemic alterations useful for future biomarker development. In our study we compared whole genome expression profiles ...
Gumbart James - - 2013
For the vast majority of membrane proteins, insertion into a membrane is not direct, but rather is catalyzed by a protein-conducting channel, the translocon. This channel provides a lateral exit into the bilayer while simultaneously offering a pathway into the lumen. The determinants of a nascent protein's choice between these ...
Yun Dapeng - - 2013
Rice (Oryza sativa) has unique floral patterns that contribute to grain yield. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the specification of floral organ identities in rice, particularly the interaction among floral homeotic genes, remains poorly understood. Here, we show that the floral homeotic gene OsMADS16 (also called SUPERWOMAN1, SPW1, a B-class ...
Synnott Damian W - - 2013
A novel ambient pressure microwave assisted technique is developed in which silver and indium-modified ZnS is synthesized. The as-prepared ZnS is characterized by x-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and luminescence spectroscopy. This procedure produced crystalline materials with particle sizes below 10 nm. The synthesis technique leads to defects in ...
Ross Graeme A - - 2013
AIM: Recent studies suggest that adenosine (ADO) can be produced extracellularly in response to skeletal muscle contraction. We tested the hypotheses that a single muscle contraction produces extracellular ADO rapidly enough and in physiologically relevant concentrations to be able to contribute to the rapid vasodilation that occurs at the onset ...
Rotter I - - 2013
The aim of this work is to assess the impact of replacement therapy on social and professional re-adaptation of people addicted to opioids.This study covered 82 patients (52 male, 30 female; mean age of 39.9 years) addicted to opioids and treated with methadone. An analysis of medical records served as ...
Kar Rahul - - 2013
In this article, we show that the long-range-corrected (LC) density functionals LC-BOP and LCgau-BOP reproduce frontier orbital energies and highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)-lowest-unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gaps better than other density functionals. The negative of HOMO and LUMO energies are compared with the vertical ionization potentials (IPs) and electron affinities, ...
Mession Jean-Luc - - 2013
The heat-induced denaturation and aggregation of mixed pea globulins (8 %, w/w) was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), SDS-PAGE, and size-exclusion chromatography (SEC-HPLC). DSC data showed that the pea proteins denaturation temperature (Td) was heating-rate dependent. The Td value decreased of about 4°C by lowering the heating rate from ...
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