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Wen Guoyuan - - 2013
A thermostable avirulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strain TS09-C was developed by serial passage of V4 strain in BHK-21 cells. The complete genome sequence of strain TS09-C was determined and compared with the sequences of other NDV isolates representing different thermostable phenotypes. The TS09-C genome was 15,186 nucleotides long and ...
Chandramouli Kondethimmanahalli H - - 2013
Larval growth of the polychaete worm Pseudopolydora vexillosa involves the formation of segment-specific structures. When larvae attain competency to settle, they discard swimming chaetae and secrete mucus. The larvae build tubes around themselves and metamorphose into benthic juveniles. Understanding the molecular processes, which regulate this complex and unique transition, remains ...
Tan Rui Zhen - - 2013
Establishment of cell polarity is crucial for many biological processes including cell migration and asymmetric cell division. The establishment of cell polarity consists of two sequential processes: an external gradient is first sensed and then the resulting signal is amplified and maintained by intracellular signaling networks usually using positive feedback ...
Long Shuyu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Screening programs based on cytology testing led to the incidence reduction of cervical cancer mortality of about 70-80 % in industrialized countries. However, these favorable results have not been replicated in developing areas. Thus, we aim to evaluate the efficacy of TruScreen (Polartechnics, Sydney, Australia) in detecting of precancerous lesions ...
O'Neill B J - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Ireland is unfamiliar with extreme weather conditions. Such conditions occurred in winter 2009-2010 and 2010-2011, with much of the country being affected by snow and ice. We reviewed the effect that these conditions had on the treatment of ankle fractures in our trauma unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study ...
Gao Min-Rui - - 2013
Advanced energy conversion and storage (ECS) devices (including fuel cells, photoelectrochemical water splitting cells, solar cells, Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors) are expected to play a major role in the development of sustainable technologies that alleviate the energy and environmental challenges we are currently facing. The successful utilization of ECS devices ...
Urban Robert A - - 2013
For any human-designed system to be sustainable, ecosystem services that support it must be readily available. This work explicitly accounts for this dependence by designing synergies between technological and ecological systems. The resulting techno-ecological network mimics nature at the systems level, can stay within ecological constraints, and can identify novel ...
Lee Ryan Ka Lok - - 2013
Phalangeal microgeodic disease is a rare disease that is frequently (though not invariably) related to cold exposure. In most cases, the clinical and radiographic findings of phalangeal microgeodic disease are sufficient to reach the diagnosis. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of phalangeal microgeodic disease have been described in four ...
Camargo Eleida Pereira - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prior knowledge about sleep disorders and patient's ability to report their problems adequately to health professionals. METHODS: We analyzed 208 patient's records and extracted the following information: date of birth, gender, medical diagnostic hypotheses, patient's primary complaint in their words, considering the most appropriated semantic approximation ...
Alves Lívia Araújo - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the anti-fungal activity of a tincture from Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) on Candida albicans (ATCC 289065), a micro-organism associated with fungal infections of the oral cavity. Materials and methods: Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC) were determined through microdilution technique, as well ...
Canepa Elisa - - 2013
Besides playing a pathogenic role in Alzheimer disease, amyloid-beta peptides are normally produced in low amounts in the brain, and several lines of evidence suggest that they can modulate synaptic plasticity and memory. As cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) is known to be involved in the same processes and the blockade ...
Romanchuk Anna Yu - - 2013
Here we show the efficacy of graphene oxide (GO) for rapid removal of some of the most toxic and radioactive long-lived human-made radionuclides from contaminated water, even from acidic solutions (pH < 2). The interaction of GO with actinides including Am(iii), Th(iv), Pu(iv), Np(v), U(vi) and typical fission products Sr(ii), ...
Macrì Simone - - 2013
Recent data indicate that both availability and consumption of synthetic and natural psychoactive substances, marketed under the name of "legal highs", has increased. Among them, the aminoalkylindole-derivative JWH-018 is widely distributed due to its capability of binding the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 thereby mimicking the effects of classical drug ...
Love Sharifa T - - 2013
Over 50 years ago, chromium (Cr) was proposed to be an essential trace element; however, recent studies indicate that this status should be removed as the effects of Cr supplementation appear to be pharmacological rather than nutritional. The pharmacological basis for Cr's effects can explain the inability of investigators to discover ...
Gifford Anne E - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Mesalamine non-adherence is common among patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and can be difficult to identify in practice. We sought to determine whether a random urine test for salicylates could be used as a marker of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) ingestion and identify patients at risk of non-adherence. Our aim is ...
Engelken F - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare current technology multislice computed tomography angiography (CTA) with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in the pre-operative evaluation of vascular anatomy of living renal transplant donors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Two hundred and thirty-six kidneys were included in the CTA and MRA analysis. Renal vasculature was evaluated independently by two ...
Eloranta Sandra - - 2013
PURPOSE: Studies of cancer patient survival typically report relative survival or cause-specific survival using data from patients diagnosed many years in the past. From a risk-communication perspective, such measures are suboptimal for several reasons; their interpretation is not transparent for non-specialists, competing causes of death are ignored and the estimates ...
Nocella Marta - - 2013
Stretching of active muscles leads to a great enhancement of the force developed without increased ATP consumption. The mechanism of force enhancement is still debated and it is not clear if it is due to increased crossbridge strain or to a stretch-induced increase in crossbridge number. The present study, performed ...
Nisar Muhammad K - - 2013
Over the last decade vitamin D (Vit D) has been the focus of considerable interest as a potential immunomodulator in a variety of conditions including autoimmune disease. Its influence in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) however is unclear. We therefore wished to clarify a possible link with the currently available evidence. ...
Baker Marshall S - - 2013
The 46th annual Pancreas Club meeting was held on May 18 and 19 at the Hyatt Regency Mission Bay in San Diego, California. A brief summary of the meeting including an overview in table form is presented below.
Arora T - - 2013
Objective:To examine the independent associations between sleep duration, four technology types (computer use, mobile telephones, TV viewing and video gaming) and body mass index (BMI) z-score. We propose a theoretical path model showing direct effects of four technology types on BMI z-score and sleep duration as well as the indirect ...
Finnie J W - - 2013
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the major cause of death and severe disability in young adults and infants worldwide and many survivors also have mild to moderate neurological deficits which impair their lives. This review highlights the primary and secondary lesions constituting craniocerebral trauma and the main elements of neuroinflammation, ...
Bilhim Tiago - - 2013
This work aimed to study the prevalence and radiologic anatomy of the middle rectal artery (MRA) using computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The retrospective study (October 2010-February 2012) focused in 167 male patients with prostate enlargement (mean age 64.7 years, range 47-81 years) who underwent selective pelvic arterial ...
Olmstead Spencer B - - 2013
Using a sample of 200 emerging adult male college students, we examined how men varied in the meanings they gave to sex and their self-reported engagement in two types of casual sex relationships (hookups and friends with benefits). Using qualitative methods, we conducted a content analysis of men's written responses ...
Björkenstam C - - 2013
Child welfare clients represent a high-risk group for delinquency and adult criminality, but also for future suicidal behavior. We examine associations between delinquency and suicidal behavior in a national child welfare population. This register-based cohort study is based on data for all Swedish former child welfare clients born between 1972 ...
Rizk Elias - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: We have previously argued that the clinical entity of dorsal third ventricular cyst in association with agenesis of the corpus callosum is a developmentally, radiologically, and clinically distinct and separate entity from the dorsal cyst of alobar holoprosencephaly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Herein, we describe seven patients who underwent treatment ...
Lefler Leanne L - - 2013
Approximately 95% of older women have factors that put them at risk for developing cardiovascular disease, but research indicates many do not perceive themselves to be at risk. We examined older women's perceived risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) and the factors influencing their perceptions. We conducted a descriptive, qualitative ...
Karmali Kunal N - - 2013
Current practice in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) involves estimation of the short-term (typically 5-10-year) risk of developing CVD. This risk estimation can serve as the prelude to a conversation between physicians and patients about CVD risk and risk-reducing therapies. However, focusing solely on short-term risk directs these ...
Niu Li-Ya - - 2013
We report a turn-on fluorescent sensor based on nitrothiophenolate boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) derivatives for the discrimination of cystein (Cys) from homocystein (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH). The sensor was applied for detection of Cys in living cells.
Chan T S Y - - 2013
The Sporopachydermia cereana species lives in decaying stems of cactus and is exceptionally rare as a human pathogen. A 57-year-old man with therapy-refractory acute promyelocytic leukaemia developed severe neutropaenia. After about 3 weeks of micafungin used as prophylaxis, he developed high fever, multiple pulmonary nodular infiltrates and a painful leg lesion. ...
Voong Kieran - - 2013
Hepatic vitamin K-dependent proteins (e.g., Factors II, VII, IX and X) form part of the clotting cascade. Factor II (FII)/Prothrombin incorporates 10 Glu residues on the N-terminal region that are γ-carboxylated to Gla residues by the action of γ-glutamyl carboxylase to confer biological activity. Vitamin K is also required for ...
Jeddi Marjan - - 2013
We provide the first reference values for bone mineral content and bone mineral density according to age and sex in Iranian children and adolescents. The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D was high, and levels of physical activity were low in our sample. Multiple regression analyses showed age, BMI, and Tanner stage ...
Cona Marlein Miranda - - 2013
Abstract 1. Iodogen (tetrachloro-diphenyl glycoluril) dissolved in DMSO (dimethyl sulphoxide) appears indispensable in radioiodination of hypericin for a new anticancer strategy. We studied the safety of intravenously administered iodogen/DMSO in mice (n = 132). 2. Median lethal dose (LD(50)) of iodogen/DMSO was determined with doses of 40.0, 50.0, 55.0, 60.0, 65.0 and ...
Bhatawadekar Swati A - - 2013
Respiratory impedance measured by the forced oscillation technique (FOT) can be contaminated by artifacts such as coughing, vocalization, swallowing or leaks at the mouthpiece. We present a novel technique to detect these artifacts using multilevel discrete wavelet transforms. FOT was performed with artifacts introduced during separate 60 s recordings at known ...
Ammeraal M - - 2013
ELSiTO (Empowering Learning for Social Inclusion Through Occupation), an international collaborative partnership, with over 30 members from Belgium, Greece and the Netherlands, aimed to explore the nature and processes of social inclusion for persons experiencing mental illness. Members included persons experiencing mental illness and health professionals. Four international visits and ...
Rodda Simone - - 2013
Immediate interventions for a range of health concerns are increasingly being delivered online due to their ease of access and potential to attract new treatment cohorts. This paper describes the development and implementation of a national Australian real time chat and email service for problem gambling. Between September 2009 and ...
Ayestaray Benoit - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Lip reconstruction may lead to disappointing results due to secondary deformity and visible scars. The Z-plasty in the Tennison technique is an effective method for repairing the upper lip subunits. The main issue is the visible and ungracious scar. METHODS: A 38-year-old woman was treated for an upper lip ...
Montgomery Erwin B EB - - 2013
Weaver et al.(1) and Tagliati(2) mistakenly infer clinical equivalence between globus pallidus interna vs subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation based on failure to demonstrate statistically significant differences.(3) A clinically meaningful-not statistically significant-difference in outcome should be decided a priori, after which the sample size necessary to have a reasonable probability ...
Smith David J - - 2013
A series of low molecular weight nitro- containing compounds has recently been discovered to have a variety of biological activities including the reduction of anaerobic methane production in ruminant animals and activity against economically important human pathogens, including Salmonella sp. and shigella-toxin producing Escherichia coli. Although some of these nitrocompounds, ...
Brockerville Ryan M - - 2013
Three genes, Mc1r, Agouti, and CBD103, interact in a type-switching process that controls much of the pigmentation variation observed in mammals. A deletion in the CBD103 gene is responsible for dominant black color in dogs, while the white-phased black bear ("spirit bear") of British Columbia, Canada, is the lightest documented ...
Chen Kuo-Hsin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Caudate hepatectomy remains a surgical challenge in spite of recent advances in laparoscopic technique. Hepatic tumor in the caudate lobe is usually deeply located in the center of the liver and close to the vena cava and hepatic hilum. Thus, lesion in this region was considered as a contraindication ...
Vrba Jiří - - 2013
Quercetin and gallic acid are natural activators of the transcription factor Nrf2, which regulates the expression of many cytoprotective enzymes including heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). We developed procedures for the synthesis of monogalloyl esters of quercetin and taxifolin (dihydroquercetin), namely 3-O-galloylquercetin and 7-O-galloyltaxifolin, and examined their effect on the Nrf2 pathway ...
Golley R K - - 2013
Objective:To determine whether sleep timing behaviour is associated with energy intake and diet quality in children and adolescents.Design:Cross-sectional analysis of nationally representative survey data.Sample:A total of 2200 participants of the 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey aged 9-16 years with 2 days of food intake data, 4 ...
Ghadimkhani Ghazaleh - - 2013
Solar photoelectrosynthesis of methanol was driven on hybrid CuO-Cu(2)O semiconductor nanorod arrays for the first time at potentials ∼800 mV below the thermodynamic threshold value and at Faradaic efficiencies up to ∼95%. The CuO-Cu(2)O nanorod arrays were prepared on Cu substrates by a two-step approach consisting of the initial thermal ...
Yu Sun-Kyoung - - 2013
PURPOSE: The palatal mucosa is a major donor site for connective tissue in the field of periodontal plastic surgery, since it satisfies both the esthetic and functional demands of patients. The purpose of this study was to use histomorphometric analysis to measure the thicknesses of the palatal mucosa and the ...
Johnston Lisa G - - 2013
For studies using respondent driven sampling (RDS), the current practice of collecting a sample twice as large as that used in simple random sampling (SRS) (i.e. design effect of 2.00) may not be sufficient. This paper provides empirical evidence of sample-to-sample variability in design effects using data from nine studies ...
Tsuji Yuki - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) is a useful and feasible modality for evaluating small intestinal lesions, even in children. METHODS: DBE makes it possible to perform biopsy, diagnosis, polypectomy and endoscopic therapies including hemostasis, tattooing and clipping of the small intestinal lesions. However, endoscopic procedures in the small intestines of children ...
Tam Anthony Yiu-Yan - - 2013
Amongst the areas of supramolecular chemistry, low molecular weight gelators (supramolecular gels) have been considered to be one of the most interesting soft and smart materials due to their ability to construct polymeric structures from small molecules through non-covalent interactions. Recently, metal centres have been incorporated into organic-based gelators that ...
Voswinkel Jan - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), multipotent adult stem cells, feature the potential to regenerate tissue damage and, in parallel, inhibit inflammation and fibrosis. MSC can be safely transplanted in autologous and allogeneic ways as they are non-immunogenic, and consequently represent a therapeutic option for refractory connective tissue diseases, fibrosing diseases like ...
Zgair Ayaid Khadem - - 2013
Autoimmune hepatitis type 1 (AIH1) is an autoimmune disease attacks the liver and characterized by periportal inflammation, elevated immunoglobulins, and autoantibodies. The central role of B lymphocyte in pathogenicity of AIH1 is unclear. Here, the effect of antibody-secreting cells activity in terms of number of plaque-forming cells (PFC) on severity ...
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