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Paciaroni Alessandro - - 2013
The coherent excitations of DNA hydration water at 100K have been investigated by neutron scattering spectroscopy to extract the excess signal of D2O-hydrated DNA with respect to dry DNA samples. A structural characterization of the sample, through the analysis of the static structure factor, has suggested that DNA hydration water ...
Zong Chengli C Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, The University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, Georgia 30602, - - 2013
The modular synthesis of heparan sulfate fragments is greatly facilitated by employing an anomeric aminopentyl linker protected by a benzyloxycarbonyl group modified by a perfluorodecyl tag, which made it possible to purify highly polar intermediates by fluorous solid phase extraction. This tagging methodology made it also possible to perform repeated ...
Luo Lian Hua - - 2013
Klebsiella pneumoniae produces 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) from glycerol with oxidation of 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) to 3-HP in a reaction catalyzed by aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). In the present study, two putative ALDHs of K. pneumoniae, YneI and YdcW were identified and characterized. Recombinant YneI was specifically active on 3-HPA and preferred NAD(+) ...
Dalal Shamsher Singh - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the feeding behavior and performance of preterm neonates receiving feeds by paladai (a small beaked receptacle) METHODS: We enrolled stable neonates - 10 each in 28 to 30 weeks [group I] and 31 to 32 weeks' gestation [group II], and offered them paladai feeds. We recorded the ...
Hadden Matthew Kyle - - 2013
The hedgehog (Hh) pathway is a developmental signaling pathway that plays a key role in directing cellular growth and tissue patterning during embryonic development. Dysregulation of Hh signaling has been linked to the development of a variety of human tumors, and numerous drug development programs in both academia and industry ...
Wong Gail K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Complications associated with epidural analgesia in children have a reported incidence of 40-90 in 10,000 epidurals. We sought to determine the incidence of major complications with the use of continuous epidural analgesia that occurred in our centre over the past 15 years and to describe the nature of these complications. ...
Ying Liang - - 2013
Maternally Expressed Gene 3 (MEG3) is an imprinted gene that encodes a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) associated with tumorigenesis. Autophagy is activated in cancer cells and contributes to tumor cell survival. However, little is known about whether MEG3 regulates bladder cancer development by controlling autophagy. In the study, we found ...
Li Y F - - 2013
The effect of human parathyroid hormone 1-34 (PTH) and zoledronic acid (ZA) alone or in combination on bone healing in osteoporotic settings was tested using implants inserted in tibiae of ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Combination therapy promoted bone healing more than each treatment alone 12 weeks after implant insertion. INTRODUCTION: PTH and ...
Salamon Charbel G - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To prospectively evaluate the use of a particular polypropylene Y mesh for robotic sacrocolpopexy. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 120 patients who underwent robotic sacrocolpopexy. We compared preoperative and 12-month postoperative objective and subjective assessments via the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q), the Pelvic Floor ...
Wang Hsin-Yi - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Herceptin is widely used in treating Her2-overexpressing breast cancer. However, the application of Herceptin in prostate cancer is still controversial. Our previous results have indicated the relevance of Her2 in the transition of the androgen requirement in prostate cancer cells. In this study, the effects of radioimmunotherapy against ...
Junxi Liang - - 2013
Gas-phase reactions of ClO(-)/BrO(-) with RCl (R = CH(3), C(2)H(5), and C(3)H(7)) have been investigated in detail using the popular DFT functional BHandHLYP/aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory. As a result, our findings strongly suggest that the type of reaction is firstly initiated by a typical S(N)2 fashion. Subsequently, two competitive substitution ...
Juul Dorthea D American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, Buffalo Grove, IL, USA. - - 2013
This study analyzed the relationship between performance on the American Academy of Neurology Residency In-Service Training Examination (RITE) and subsequent performance on the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) Certification Examination. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to examine the relationship between performance on the RITE and the Certification Examination ...
Jang Sung Ho - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: Many diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have described the effects of hydrocephalus on periventricular white matter in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus. However, little is known about hydrocephalus following stroke. We investigated the effect of hydrocephalus on periventricular white matter in patients with hydrocephalus after an intracerebral hemorrhage ...
Elmunzer B Joseph BJ Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA. - - 2013
A recent large-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated that rectal indomethacin administration is effective in addition to pancreatic stent placement (PSP) for preventing post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) in high-risk cases. We performed a post hoc analysis of this RCT to explore whether rectal indomethacin can replace PSP in ...
Yorgason Jordan T JT Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, - - 2013
Social isolation (SI) rearing, a model of early life stress, results in profound behavioral alterations, including increased anxiety-like behavior, impaired sensorimotor gating and increased self-administration of addictive substances. These changes are accompanied by alterations in mesolimbic dopamine function, such as increased dopamine and metabolite tissue content, increased dopamine responses to ...
Yang Dan - - 2013
A novel Pd-catalysed oxidative coupling reaction methodology using readily available carboxylic acids and alkenes for the preparation of vinyl esters has been developed. A broad range of vinyl esters were successfully synthesised. The reactions have demonstrated good efficiency as well as excellent chemo- and regio-selectivity.
Steiner Petr - - 2013
Generally, patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are viewed as potential candidates for antiangiogenic targeted therapy. Tubulocystic RCC (TCRC) is a recently described entity which may behave aggressively, and the rationale for antiangiogenic therapy in this group of renal tumors has yet to be determined. Seven TCRCs and five non-tumor ...
Teixeira Celia - - 2013
Use of alcohol and illicit drugs is a common finding among HIV-infected individuals, but there are many open questions about its impact on adherence to antiretroviral therapy and virological outcomes. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of the use of alcohol and illicit drugs on the adherence to antiretroviral ...
Gho Sheridan A - - 2013
PURPOSE: Side effects as a result of breast cancer treatment may have a lasting detrimental impact on quality of life. Exercise has been shown to be an effective intervention in post-treatment care. This study aimed to gain a better understanding of breast cancer treatment-related side effects through identifying potential patient ...
Li Jian-Ying - - 2013
The applications of endohedral non-metallic fullerenes are limited by their low production rate. Recently, an explosive method developed in our group shows promise to prepare He@C(60) at fairly high yield, but the mechanism of He inserting into C(60) cage at explosive conditions was not clear. Here, ab initio molecular dynamics ...
Liu Juan - - 2013
Long-term excessive fluoride intake is known to be toxic and can lead to fluorosis and bone pathologies. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying sodium fluoride-induced cytotoxicity in the cecal tonsil lymphocytes are not well understood. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of high dietary fluorine on apoptosis ...
Reding Kerryn W - - 2013
Heavy alcohol intake may exacerbate gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, the role of alcohol in IBS is unclear. We investigated prospective associations between daily patterns of alcohol intake and next day's GI symptoms using daily diaries. In an observational study of women aged 18-48 ...
Calonge Wenceslao M - - 2013
The authors report the observation of a 43-year-old woman with severe pain on her right upper abdominal quadrant. Differential diagnoses included acute cholecystitis, spontaneous pneumothorax, perforated appendicitis and a recidive of renal calculus. CT-scan showed a huge subdermal gas bubble along her right flank and anterior abdominal wall up to ...
Blood Emily A - - 2013
Depressed adolescents are more likely to engage in sexual risk behaviors than their non-depressed peers. The objectives of this study were (1) to examine whether affective states predicted subsequent condom use, directly or indirectly through contextual factors and (2) to compare results obtained from structural equation models versus non-linear mixed ...
Lin Chun-Liang - - 2013
Magnetic properties and surface structures of Ni/Cu(100) ultrathin films are studied by means of magneto-optical Kerr effect and in situ scanning tunneling microscopy in combination with cyclic voltammetry. At the initial stage of Ni deposition on a Cu(100) electrode, nickel atoms attach onto the steps and the surface shows single ...
Fitzpatrick Sheila M - - 2013
We identified and field-tested the sex pheromones of Dasineura oxycoccana (Johnson) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) midges collected from cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton, and from highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum L., commonly named cranberry tipworm (CTW) and blueberry gall midge (BGM), respectively. Coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic detection (GC-EAD) analyses of pheromone gland extract from the ...
Machova Polakova Katerina - - 2013
The efficacy of therapeutic modalities in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) depends on both genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. This review focuses on epigenetic mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of CML and in resistance of tumor cells to tyrosine kinase inhibitors leading to the leukemic clone escape and propagation. Regulatory events at ...
Wang Shao-Juan - - 2013
Five novel perhydrobenzannulated 5,5-spiroketal sesquiterpenes, namely, pleurospiroketals A-E (1-5), were isolated from the culture of the edible mushroom Pleurotus cornucopiae. Pleurospiroketals D (4) and E (5) were obtained as an isomeric mixture with a ratio of 5:4. Their structures were established by NMR, X-ray single-crystal diffraction, and CD data analysis. ...
Lima José M M - - 2013
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important chemical compound involved in many physiological and pathological processes in living organisms. However, nitric oxide is a very reactive radical that needs to be carried through organisms to reach the desired biological target. With the aim of developing new compounds that can be used ...
Shie Dung-Yun - - 2013
Abstract Conclusion: Our findings suggest that, in Asian patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), obesity is a better predictor of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) failure than Friedman stage III. Objectives: This study evaluated UPPP success rates in obese and non-obese Asian patients treated for severe OSA. Methods: Records of patients who ...
Halawi Ali - - 2013
In light of the increasing prevalence of obesity worldwide, the popularity of bariatric surgery is on the rise. As with any other invasive procedure, these surgeries, especially with the obesity risk factor, carry the risk of direct cutaneous complications following the penetration and manipulation of tissues. In addition, bariatric surgery ...
Buttner Melissa M MM Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2013
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a significant public health concern with prevalence of major and minor depressions reaching 20 % in the first three postpartum months. Sociodemographic and psychopathology correlates of PPD are well established; however, information on the relationship between premenstrual disorders and the development of PPD is less well ...
Verhaeghe Jeroen - - 2013
A novel imaging and signal separation strategy is proposed to be able to separate [(18)F]FDG and multiple [(15)O]H(2)O signals from a simultaneously acquired dynamic PET acquisition of the two tracers. The technique is based on the fact that the dynamics of the two tracers are very distinct. By adopting an ...
Riley Kevin E - - 2013
O-H…X and O-H…O H-bonds as well as C-X…X dihalogen and C-X…O halogen bonds have been investigated in halomethanol dimers (bromomethanol dimer, iodomethanol dimer, difluorobromomethanol…bromomethanol complex and difluoroiodomethanol…iodomethanol complex). Structures of all complexes were optimized at the counterpoise-corrected MP2/cc-pVTZ level and single-point energies were calculated at the CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ level. Energy decomposition ...
Peng Lan - - 2013
ABSTRACT The spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders, among which SCA subtype 13 (SCA13) was found associated with mutations in the KCNC3 gene. Among 522 Chinese Han SCA patients (including familial and sporadic) we have collected since 1995, approximately 40% of them have ...
Coe Susan G SG Department of Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, - - 2013
Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is a key measure of quality in colonoscopy. Low ADRs are associated with development of interval cancer after "negative" colonoscopy. Uncontrolled studies mandating longer withdrawal time, and other incentives, have not significantly improved ADR. We hypothesized that an endoscopist training program would increase ADRs. Our Endoscopic ...
Løvseth Lise Tevik - - 2013
Concerns about protecting patient's privacy are experienced as a limitation in the opportunity to obtain and utilize social support by many physicians. As resources of social support can modify the process of burnout, patient confidentiality may increase risk of this syndrome by interfering with proper stress adaptation. This study investigates ...
Zhang Meng-Yuan - - 2013
In recent years, many mini-incisional techniques for double-eyelid plasty have been developed. However, the removal of pretarsal tissue has not been satisfactory because only small pockets of soft tissue just inferior to the skin have been removed to place the suture. The formed double eyelid may therefore not be durable. ...
Tan Rui Zhen - - 2013
Establishment of cell polarity is crucial for many biological processes including cell migration and asymmetric cell division. The establishment of cell polarity consists of two sequential processes: an external gradient is first sensed and then the resulting signal is amplified and maintained by intracellular signaling networks usually using positive feedback ...
Long Shuyu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Screening programs based on cytology testing led to the incidence reduction of cervical cancer mortality of about 70-80 % in industrialized countries. However, these favorable results have not been replicated in developing areas. Thus, we aim to evaluate the efficacy of TruScreen (Polartechnics, Sydney, Australia) in detecting of precancerous lesions ...
O'Neill B J - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Ireland is unfamiliar with extreme weather conditions. Such conditions occurred in winter 2009-2010 and 2010-2011, with much of the country being affected by snow and ice. We reviewed the effect that these conditions had on the treatment of ankle fractures in our trauma unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study ...
Gao Min-Rui - - 2013
Advanced energy conversion and storage (ECS) devices (including fuel cells, photoelectrochemical water splitting cells, solar cells, Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors) are expected to play a major role in the development of sustainable technologies that alleviate the energy and environmental challenges we are currently facing. The successful utilization of ECS devices ...
Urban Robert A - - 2013
For any human-designed system to be sustainable, ecosystem services that support it must be readily available. This work explicitly accounts for this dependence by designing synergies between technological and ecological systems. The resulting techno-ecological network mimics nature at the systems level, can stay within ecological constraints, and can identify novel ...
Lee Ryan Ka Lok - - 2013
Phalangeal microgeodic disease is a rare disease that is frequently (though not invariably) related to cold exposure. In most cases, the clinical and radiographic findings of phalangeal microgeodic disease are sufficient to reach the diagnosis. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of phalangeal microgeodic disease have been described in four ...
Götz Katharina K Institute of Technical Biocatalysis, Hamburg University of Technology, Denickestraße 15, 21073 Hamburg, - - 2013
Levulinic acid is a feasible platform chemical derived from acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of lignocellulose. The conversion of this substrate to (S)-γ-valerolactone ((S)-GVL) was investigated in a chemo-enzymatic reaction sequence that benefits from mild reaction conditions and excellent enantiomeric excess of the desired (S)-GVL. For that purpose, levulinic acid was chemically esterified ...
Camargo Eleida Pereira - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prior knowledge about sleep disorders and patient's ability to report their problems adequately to health professionals. METHODS: We analyzed 208 patient's records and extracted the following information: date of birth, gender, medical diagnostic hypotheses, patient's primary complaint in their words, considering the most appropriated semantic approximation ...
Miao Weimin W State Key Laboratory for Experimental Hematology, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Center for Stem Cell Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, - - 2013
High levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) can exhaust hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Thus, maintaining a low state of redox in HSCs by modulating ROS-detoxifying enzymes may augment the regeneration potential of HSCs. Our results show that basal expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and catalase were at low levels ...
Alves Lívia Araújo - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the anti-fungal activity of a tincture from Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) on Candida albicans (ATCC 289065), a micro-organism associated with fungal infections of the oral cavity. Materials and methods: Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC) were determined through microdilution technique, as well ...
Sossdorf Maik - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Analyzing medical records of 979 patients with severe sepsis or septic shock provided some evidence that the use of low-dose aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) was associated with decreased hospital mortality. However, the benefit was abolished when aspirin and NSAIDs were given together.
Lernmark Ake - - 2013
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disorder directed against the β cells of the pancreatic islets. The genetic risk of the disease is linked to HLA-DQ risk alleles and unknown environmental triggers. In most countries, only 10-15% of children or young adults newly diagnosed with T1DM have a ...
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