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Manitchotpisit Pennapa - - 2013
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) frequently contaminate commercial fuel ethanol fermentations, reducing yields and decreasing profitability of biofuel production. Microorganisms from environmental sources in different geographic regions of Thailand were tested for antibacterial activity against LAB. Four bacterial strains, designated as ALT3A, ALT3B, ALT17, and MR1, produced inhibitory effects on growth ...
Ní Chróinín Danielle - - 2013
We conducted a cross-sectional study of the understanding on osteoporosis amongst community-dwelling geriatric patients. Patient understanding on the pathology, risk factors and its complications was suboptimal, but better amongst women and persons with diagnosed osteoporosis. Improving patient osteoporosis education may lead to improved compliance with preventive and therapeutic measures. Osteoporosis ...
Toma Renata Luri - - 2013
Aging process involves several structural changes in muscle tissue which lead to decrease in musculoskeletal function. One of the most common physiological modifications is the increase in fatigability in elderly people, which leads to inability to maintain strength and motor control. In this context, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has demonstrated ...
Szabados Hajnalka - - 2013
Desmosomal transmembrane glycoproteins desmogleins (Dsg) 1 and 3 are targets of life-threatening autoimmune blistering disorders such as Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and Pemphigus foliaceus (PF). In these diseases, pemphigus autoantibodies are produced against Dsg1 and Dsg3 proteins. The autoantibodies bind to these transmembrane elements leading to a loss of desmosomal cell-cell ...
Schlapbach Luregn J - - 2013
PURPOSE: Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is one of the main causes for the admission of newborns to the neonatal intensive care unit. However, traditional infection markers are poor diagnostic markers of EOS. Pancreatic stone protein (PSP) is a promising sepsis marker in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Schweigert Michael - - 2013
Oesophageal carcinoma is one of the most virulent malignant diseases and a major cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Diagnosis and accuracy of pretreatment staging have substantially improved throughout the past three decades. Therapy is challenging and the optimal approach is still debated. Oesophagectomy is considered to be the procedure of ...
Kubitza Dagmar - - 2013
AIM: This study investigated the effects of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of a single dose of rivaroxaban (10 mg), an oral, direct Factor Xa inhibitor. METHODS: This single-centre, non-randomized, non-blinded study included subjects with mild (n = 8) or moderate hepatic impairment (n = 8), according to the Child-Pugh classification, and ...
Scheen André J - - 2013
Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors (commonly referred to as gliptins) are a novel class of oral antihyperglycaemic agents with demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Preclinical data and mechanistic studies have indicated a possible beneficial action on blood vessels and the heart, via both glucagon-like ...
Sharrad Dale F - - 2013
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by Lewy bodies and neurites composed mainly of the presynaptic protein, α-synuclein. Frequently, Lewy bodies and neurites are identified in the gut of Parkinson's disease patients and may underlie associated gastrointestinal dysfunctions. We recently reported selective expression of α-synuclein in the axons of ...
Perraud Olivier - - 2013
Efficient alkane C-H bond oxidation was achieved using a newly designed Cu(ii)-hemicryptophane complex. Protection of the copper site in the inner cavity of the host leads to enhanced yields and allows discriminating cyclohexane from cyclooctane or adamantane in competitive experiments.
Teodorczyk Urszula - - 2013
CHEK2 is a tumor suppressor gene whose functions are central to the induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis following DNA damage. Mutations in CHEK2 have been associated with cancers at many sites, including breast and prostate cancers, but the relationship between CHEK2 and gastric cancer has not been extensively ...
Cerda Mauricio - - 2013
Neural field models have been successfully applied to model diverse brain mechanisms like visual attention, motor control, and memory. Most theoretical and modeling works have focused on the study of the dynamics of such systems under variations in neural connectivity, mainly symmetric connectivity among neurons. However, less attention has been ...
Yang Shuaifeng - - 2013
Abstract It has been suggested that the elastin gene is a candidate gene for the development of intracranial aneurysms (IAs). We investigated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the elastin gene in sporadic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and in patients with unruptured aneurysms in China. We genotyped 446 (47.9%) ...
Hamzi K - - 2013
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a severe neuromuscular disease. It is a common cause of infant mortality. Its incidence is estimated at 1 in 10,000. Clinically, age of onset and the symptoms can distinguish four types of SMA. The objective of this study is to make available to clinicians a ...
Sato Yoshikazu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To analyze expectations for sexual life after radical prostatectomy in patients and their partners, and its influence on sexual motivation and bothers in the postoperative period. METHODS: A total of 162 patients who underwent retropubic radical prostatectomy and their partners were evaluated. The patients' sexual function, sexual bother and ...
Zhang Zhen - - 2013
Although the serum sickness-like reaction (SSLR) in children after the administration of cefaclor has long been recognized, the exact mechanism of cefaclor-associated SSLR remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the association between intestinal mucosal permeability and cefaclor-associated SSLR in children. A total of 82 pediatric patients with upper respiratory ...
Briski Elizabeta - - 2013
Nonindigenous species (NIS) cause global biotic homogenization and extinctions, with commercial shipping being a leading vector for spread of aquatic NIS. To reduce transport of NIS by ships, regulations requiring ballast water exchange (BWE) have been implemented by numerous countries. BWE appears to effectively reduce risk for freshwater ports, but ...
Stock Angus - - 2013
Dendritic cells (DCs) have a pivotal role in instructing antigen-specific immune responses, processing and presenting antigens to CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and producing factors capable to modulate the quality of T-cell responses. In this review, we will provide an historic overview on the identification of the mechanisms controlling lymphocyte ...
Dong Xueliang - - 2013
For the first time, an organophilic ZIF-71 membrane was prepared and used for pervaporation separation of liquid alcohol-water and dimethyl carbonate-methanol mixtures. The ZIF-71 membrane exhibits good performance in separation of methanol-water and dimethyl carbonate-methanol mixtures.
Xingmao Zhang - - 2013
Lymph nodes examined is important for N staging of colorectal cancer. There is no consensus on the optimal minimum number of lymph nodes for stage II colorectal cancer. This study was designed to determine the minimum number of lymph nodes and to identify the correlation between prognosis of stage II ...
Hamad Shwan A - - 2013
We have developed a theoretical model for the kinetics of release of living cells from composite shellac-cell microcapsules. The model describes the kinetics of cell release from the microcapsules triggered by: (i) pH change, which dissolves the shellac and (ii) the growth of the encapsulated cells, when placed in culture ...
Celik E C - - 2013
Study design:Prospective, randomized and controlled study.Objectives:The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (LF-TENS) in the treatment of neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:A total of 33 SCI patients with neuropathic pain were included in the study. History, duration, ...
Amaro George - - 2013
Among pests that have recently been introduced into the Americas, the red palm mite, Raoiella indica Hirst (Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae), is the most invasive. This mite has spread rapidly to several Caribbean countries, United States of America, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil. The potential dispersion of R. indica to other regions ...
Luo Lian Hua - - 2013
Klebsiella pneumoniae produces 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) from glycerol with oxidation of 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) to 3-HP in a reaction catalyzed by aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). In the present study, two putative ALDHs of K. pneumoniae, YneI and YdcW were identified and characterized. Recombinant YneI was specifically active on 3-HPA and preferred NAD(+) ...
Dalal Shamsher Singh - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the feeding behavior and performance of preterm neonates receiving feeds by paladai (a small beaked receptacle) METHODS: We enrolled stable neonates - 10 each in 28 to 30 weeks [group I] and 31 to 32 weeks' gestation [group II], and offered them paladai feeds. We recorded the ...
Wong Gail K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Complications associated with epidural analgesia in children have a reported incidence of 40-90 in 10,000 epidurals. We sought to determine the incidence of major complications with the use of continuous epidural analgesia that occurred in our centre over the past 15 years and to describe the nature of these complications. ...
Ying Liang - - 2013
Maternally Expressed Gene 3 (MEG3) is an imprinted gene that encodes a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) associated with tumorigenesis. Autophagy is activated in cancer cells and contributes to tumor cell survival. However, little is known about whether MEG3 regulates bladder cancer development by controlling autophagy. In the study, we found ...
Li Y F - - 2013
The effect of human parathyroid hormone 1-34 (PTH) and zoledronic acid (ZA) alone or in combination on bone healing in osteoporotic settings was tested using implants inserted in tibiae of ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Combination therapy promoted bone healing more than each treatment alone 12 weeks after implant insertion. INTRODUCTION: PTH and ...
Martic Maja - - 2013
Heterometallic [AgFe(3)S(4)] iron-sulfur clusters assembled in wild-type Pyrococcus furiosus ferredoxin and two variants, D14C and D14H, are characterized. The crystal structure of the [AgFe(3)S(4)] D14C variant shows that the silver(I) ion is indeed part of the cluster and is coordinated to the thiolate group of residue 14. Cyclic voltammetry shows ...
Graña Patricia - - 2013
Polypteriform fishes are believed to be basal to other living ray-finned bony fishes, and they may be useful for providing information of the neural organization that existed in the brain of the earliest ray-finned fishes. The calcium-binding proteins calretinin (CR) and calbindin-D28k (CB) have been widely used to characterize neuronal ...
Cong Weitao - - 2013
In this study, we describe a brief, sensitive and safe organic dye-based staining method for the visualization of DNA both in agarose and polyacrylamide gels by using Victoria Pure Blue BO (VPBBO). Down to 0.8-1.6 ng of λ DNA/HindIII markers in agarose gels and 0.4-0.8 ng of pUC18 DNA/Mspl markers ...
Oh Baek-Rock - - 2013
Transcriptome analysis of a K. pneumoniae GEM167 mutant strain derived by irradiation with gamma rays, which exhibited high-level production of ethanol from glycerol, showed that the mutant expressed AdhE at a high level. Ethanol production decreased significantly, from 8.8 to 0.5 g l(-1), when an adhE-deficient derivative of that strain was grown ...
Rajan Suraj - - 2013
The olfactory bulb and tract (OB/OT) are among the earliest structures in the brain to undergo pathological changes in many neurodegenerative conditions. The availability of OB/OT samples from brain specimens in brain banks therefore assumes importance. We collected data from 5 years (2006-2010) regarding the presence or absence of OB/OT ...
Wu Tzong-Yuan - - 2013
Fip-gts, a fungal immunomodulatory protein (Fip) isolated from Ganoderma tsugae (gts), has been reported to possess therapeutic effects in the treatment of cancer and autoimmune disease. To cost-effectively produce Fip-gts and bypass the bottleneck involved in its time-consuming purification from G. tsugae, in this study, we incorporated the SP(bbx) secretion ...
Paraknowitsch Jens Peter - - 2013
1-Butyl-3-methyl-pyridinium-dicyanamide (BMP-dca) is carbonised with tetra-alkyl-phosphonium-bromide additives yielding nitrogen- and phosphorus-co-doped carbons with enhanced BET surface areas promoted by the additives.
Alai Milind - - 2013
The objective of this study was to formulate and evaluate the lansoprazole (LPZ)-loaded microparticles to prevent nocturnal acid breakthrough in the case of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). The microparticulate delivery system was prepared by solvent evaporation method using Eudragit RS100 as a matrix polymer followed by enteric coated with Eudragit ...
Figueira Joelise Alencar - - 2013
β-Glucosidases represent an important group of enzymes due to their pivotal role in various biotechnological processes. One of the most prominent is biomass degradation for the production of fuel ethanol from cellulosic agricultural residues and wastes, where the use of immobilized biocatalysts may prove advantageous. Within such scope, the present ...
Matsushita Kohei - - 2013
PURPOSE: N-myc downstream regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) markedly reduces metastasis of numerous tumors. However, NDRG1's function in malignant tumors has not been fully determined. Therefore, we investigated the association of NDRG1 expression with clinical outcomes in neuroblastoma (NB) patients. METHODS: We obtained total RNA from residual cancer cells using microdissection ...
Rodríguez-Romero Beatriz - - 2013
Functional disability due to lumbar pain should be considered from the biopsychosocial model. There is inconclusive evidence as to whether the key determining factors in this form of disability are psychosocial or physical. Our aim is to identify variables that cause functional disability due to lumbar pain amongst shellfish gatherers ...
Dias Fernando Luiz - - 2013
Accurate early diagnosis and staging is an essential step in the management of recurrent head and neck cancer. Nevertheless, the diagnosis and staging of recurrent head and neck cancer previously treated by radiation therapy often combined with chemotherapy, remains a challenge. The differentiation between radiation induced reaction and recurrent cancer ...
Rachev Alexander - - 2013
Arteries manifest a remodeling response to long-term alterations in arterial pressure and blood flow by changing geometry, structure, and composition through processes driven by perturbations of the local stresses in the vascular wall from their baseline values. The objective of this study is twofold-to develop a general method for calculating ...
Jerez Ma José - - 2013
In this study we propose a virtual screening strategy based on the generation of a pharmacophore hypothesis, followed by an in silico evaluation of some ADME-TOX properties with the aim to apply it to the hit finding process and, specifically, to characterize new chemical entities with potential to control inflammatory ...
Lobodin Vladislav V - - 2013
We report the first charge reversal experiments performed by tandem-in-time rather than tandem-in-space MS/MS. Precursor odd-electron anions from fullerene C(60), and even-electron ions from 2,7-di-tert-butylfluorene-9-carboxylic acid and 3,3'-bicarbazole were converted into positive product ions ((-)CR(+)) inside the magnet of a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer. Charge reversal was ...
Wen Guoyuan - - 2013
A thermostable avirulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strain TS09-C was developed by serial passage of V4 strain in BHK-21 cells. The complete genome sequence of strain TS09-C was determined and compared with the sequences of other NDV isolates representing different thermostable phenotypes. The TS09-C genome was 15,186 nucleotides long and ...
Chandramouli Kondethimmanahalli H - - 2013
Larval growth of the polychaete worm Pseudopolydora vexillosa involves the formation of segment-specific structures. When larvae attain competency to settle, they discard swimming chaetae and secrete mucus. The larvae build tubes around themselves and metamorphose into benthic juveniles. Understanding the molecular processes, which regulate this complex and unique transition, remains ...
Tan Rui Zhen - - 2013
Establishment of cell polarity is crucial for many biological processes including cell migration and asymmetric cell division. The establishment of cell polarity consists of two sequential processes: an external gradient is first sensed and then the resulting signal is amplified and maintained by intracellular signaling networks usually using positive feedback ...
Long Shuyu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Screening programs based on cytology testing led to the incidence reduction of cervical cancer mortality of about 70-80 % in industrialized countries. However, these favorable results have not been replicated in developing areas. Thus, we aim to evaluate the efficacy of TruScreen (Polartechnics, Sydney, Australia) in detecting of precancerous lesions ...
O'Neill B J - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Ireland is unfamiliar with extreme weather conditions. Such conditions occurred in winter 2009-2010 and 2010-2011, with much of the country being affected by snow and ice. We reviewed the effect that these conditions had on the treatment of ankle fractures in our trauma unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study ...
Gao Min-Rui - - 2013
Advanced energy conversion and storage (ECS) devices (including fuel cells, photoelectrochemical water splitting cells, solar cells, Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors) are expected to play a major role in the development of sustainable technologies that alleviate the energy and environmental challenges we are currently facing. The successful utilization of ECS devices ...
Urban Robert A - - 2013
For any human-designed system to be sustainable, ecosystem services that support it must be readily available. This work explicitly accounts for this dependence by designing synergies between technological and ecological systems. The resulting techno-ecological network mimics nature at the systems level, can stay within ecological constraints, and can identify novel ...
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