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Dagade Dilip H - - 2013
Amino acid ionic liquids are a special class of ionic liquids due to their unique acid-base behavior, biological significance, and applications in different fields such as templates in synthetic chemistry, stabilizers for biological macromolecules, etc. The physicochemical properties of these ionic liquids can easily be altered by making the different ...
Yao Yijun Y School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, - - 2013
In the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA)'s vapor intrusion (VI) database, there appears to be a trend showing an inverse relationship between the indoor air concentration attenuation factor and the subsurface source vapor concentration. This is inconsistent with the physical understanding in current vapor intrusion models. This article ...
Xu Zhen - - 2013
Road to Graphene Fiber: Continuous, ultrastrong graphene fibers are wetspun from giant graphene oxide liquid crystals, as reported by Chao Gao and co-workers on page 188. The giant size and regular alignment of graphene sheets give the fibers high mechanical strength (up to 0.5 GPa) and good electrical conductivity. Such ...
Jaffe Eileen K EK Developmental Therapeutics, Institute for Cancer Research, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Temple Health, 333 Cottman Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA. - - 2013
The structural basis for allosteric regulation of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), whose dysfunction causes phenylketonuria (PKU), is poorly understood. A new morpheein model for PAH allostery is proposed to consist of a dissociative equilibrium between two architecturally different tetramers whose interconversion requires a ∼90° rotation between the PAH catalytic and regulatory ...
Norman Sonya B - - 2013
Many women have unidentified anxiety or trauma histories that can impact their health and medical treatment-seeking behavior. This study examined the sensitivity, specificity, efficiency, and sensitivity to change of the Overall Anxiety Severity and Impairment Scale (OASIS) for identifying an anxiety disorder in a female sample with and without trauma ...
Cabanis Maurice - - 2013
Attributions are constantly assigned in everyday life. A well-known phenomenon is the self-serving bias: that is, people's tendency to attribute positive events to internal causes (themselves) and negative events to external causes (other persons/circumstances). Here, we investigated the neural correlates of the cognitive processes implicated in self-serving attributions using social ...
Stein R - - 2013
The never ending discussion about the diagnostics and treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) now includes arguments for diagnostic nihilism as well as invasive diagnostics and therapy, which is reminiscent of the debate on prostate cancer in adulthood. The common goal of all currently competing diagnostic strategies and approaches is the ...
Chen Chen - - 2013
The NIDD gene, neuronal NOS (nNOS)-interacting DHHC domain-containing protein with dendritic mRNA, codes a protein that upregulates nNOS enzyme activity by the interaction with the postsynaptic density protein 95/discsslarge/zon occlusens-1 (PDZ) domain of nNOS. Glial cell activation, especially Müller cells, may be an important factor contributing to retinal ganglion cell ...
Keenan Karen Forrest - - 2013
Whilst a growing body of work has explored family communication about Huntington's disease and how at-risk individuals learn about their risk, the experience of telling a partner and partners' experiences of finding out about this potentially devastating hereditary illness have received little attention. This study describes the experiences of partners ...
Liang Xinrui - - 2013
This study was undertaken to determine the differences in the clinicopathology and survival between synchronous bilateral breast cancer (sBBC) and metachronous bilateral breast cancer (mBBC). Additionally, we analyzed the risk factors for single tumors to develop as sBBC or mBBC. Of the 190 bilateral breast cancer (BBC) cases, 84 cases ...
Krasnec Michelle O - - 2013
The cuticular hydrocarbons of the ant Formica argentea were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Behavioral bioassays tested the role of each class of cuticular hydrocarbon in nestmate recognition, and statistical analyses looked for potential colony-specific signatures. The cuticular hydrocarbons of F. argentea consist of n-alkanes, alkenes, and methyl-branched alkanes. Behavioral ...
Lindner Uwe - - 2013
Hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was optimized for speciation analysis of gadolinium-based contrast agents in environmental samples, in particular surface river waters and plants. Surface water samples from the Teltow channel, near Berlin, were investigated over a distance of 5 km downstream from the ...
Katthagen J C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Subscapularis (SSC) tendon tears seem to regularly occur combined with lesions of the supraspinatus (SSP) and long biceps (LBS) tendons. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rupture configurations and results after arthroscopic treatment of anterosuperior rotator cuff tears. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 65 consecutively ...
Placke J - - 2013
An unusual transmural tumor-like myxoid lesion was found in the cervix of the hysterectomy specimen of a 43-year-old woman. Histochemically the lesion was positive for alcian blue but negative for periodic acid Schiff (PAS) staining. The immunohistochemical staining showed positive reactions for CD10 and CD34 but negative reactions for actin. ...
Wang Jinjing - - 2013
Higher acetaldehyde concentration in beer is one of the main concerns of current beer industry in China. Acetaldehyde is always synthesized during beer brewing by the metabolism of yeast. Here, using ethanol as the sole carbon source and 4-methylpyrazole as the selection marker, we constructed a new mutant strain with ...
Gibbert J - - 2013
Due to demographic changes in the German population a significant rise in incident cases of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is to be expected in the coming years. Also the corresponding increase in costs of the illness requires appropriate survey instruments to allow accurate estimations of costs. The cost diary for ...
Xu Yue - - 2013
Transcription initiation factor IIB (TFIIB) is an ideal factor to localize core promoters and plays a central role in the assembly of the pre-initiation complex. Previous studies showed that the assembly of TFIIB played an important role in rat ischemic brain injury. To elucidate the expression and possible functions of ...
Adikane H V - - 2013
The chemical modification of developed ethyl cellulose-based membrane was carried out to make it suitable for bioseparation. The different reagents were used for the modification of membrane to couple protein A (PA) to study the purification of immunoglobulin G (IgG) from blood. The chemical modification was carried out using relatively ...
Wen Dacheng - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate protein expression by binding protein-coding mRNAs and repressing translation. Accumulating evidence suggests that miRNAs are involved in cancer development and progression, acting as either tumor suppressors or oncogenes. Intriguingly, it has been shown that miR-133b was significantly downregulated ...
Gupta Sudhir - - 2013
The immune system has evolved to respond to pathogens (nonself) and unresponsive to self-antigens (tolerance). During the development of T and B cells in the thymus and bone marrow, respectively, self-reactive T and B cells are deleted by a process of apoptosis (both T and B cells) and become unresponsive ...
Oliva Isabel B - - 2013
Mesenteric ischemia is a rare disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. Acute mesenteric ischemia is most commonly secondary to embolism followed by arterial thrombosis, nonocclusive ischemia, and less commonly venous thrombosis. Chronic mesenteric ischemia is almost always caused by atherosclerotic disease, with rare causes including fibromuscular dysplasia and vasculitis. ...
Kanmani Paulraj - - 2013
The synthesis and functional characterization of an antibiofilm exopolysaccharide (EPS) from a probiotic Enterococcus faecium MC13 were investigated. The temperature of 35 °C, pH of 6.5, and salinity of 1-2 % were found to be optimum for EPS production. The sucrose (30 g l(-1)) and yeast extract (20 g l(-1)) acted as suitable carbon and nitrogen ...
Azeem Muhammad - - 2013
The pine weevil Hylobius abietis (L.) is a severe pest of conifer seedlings in reforested areas of Europe and Asia. To identify minimally toxic and ecologically sustainable compounds for protecting newly planted seedlings, we evaluated the volatile metabolites produced by microbes isolated from H. abietis feces and frass. Female weevils ...
Ladefoged Claes Nøhr - - 2013
PURPOSE: In combined whole-body PET/MR, attenuation correction (AC) is performed indirectly using the available MR image information and subsequent segmentation. Implant-induced susceptibility artifacts and subsequent signal voids may challenge MR-based AC (MR-AC). We evaluated the accuracy of MR-AC in PET/MR in patients with metallic endoprostheses, and propose a clinically feasible ...
Chatterjee V Krishna K VK University of Cambridge, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, UK. - - 2013
In 2012, we learned that functional thyroid tissue can be generated in vitro, and that thyroid hormones stimulate autophagy. Patients with defects in TRα have been identified, and di-iodothyropropionic acid has been shown to ameliorate MCT8 deficiency. Finally, we found that gene expression profiling can identify benign thyroid nodules.
Zhang Tianyuan - - 2013
The sucrose non-fermenting protein kinase 1 gene (SNF1) regulates the derepression of glucose-repressible genes in microorganisms. In this study, we cloned an ortholog of SNF1 from Penicillium digitatum and characterized its functions through a gene knock-out strategy. Growth of the PdSNF1 mutant (ΔPdSNF1) on the synthetic medium (SM) supplemented with ...
Davies Carwyn - - 2013
The ASXL1 gene encodes a chromatin-binding protein involved in epigenetic regulation in haematopoietic cells. Loss-of-function ASXL1 mutations occur in patients with a range of myeloid malignancies and are associated with adverse outcome. We have used lentiviral-based shRNA technology to investigate the effects of ASXL1 silencing on cell proliferation, apoptosis, myeloid ...
Horne Steven D - - 2013
Assisted reproductive technologies have been used to achieve pregnancies since the first successful test tube baby was born in 1978. Infertile couples are at an increased risk for multiple miscarriages and the application of current protocols are associated with high first-trimester miscarriage rates. Among the contributing factors of these higher ...
Ngim Chin Fang - - 2013
Thalassaemia is a public health problem in multi-ethnic Malaysia which mainly affects the Malays, Kadazan-Dusuns and Chinese. This study, the first in Malaysia, aims to evaluate the acceptability of prenatal diagnosis and abortion among Malaysian parents who have a child or children with thalassaemia major and the socio-demographic factors affecting ...
Feinle-Bisset Christine - - 2013
Dietary factors are increasingly recognized to have an important role in triggering symptoms in a large proportion of patients with functional dyspepsia. Fatty foods seem to be the main culprits, but other foods (including carbohydrate-containing foods, milk and dairy products, citrus fruits, spicy foods, coffee and alcohol) have also been ...
Shek Yuen Lai - - 2013
We report the first application of volume and compressibility measurements to characterization of interactions between cosolvents (osmolytes) and globular proteins. Specifically, we measure the partial molar volumes and adiabatic compressibilities of cytochrome c, ribonuclease A, lysozyme, and ovalbumin in aqueous solutions of the stabilizing osmolyte glycine betaine (GB) at concentrations ...
Shao Zhen - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reduction malarplasty via an intraoral approach for correction of a prominent malar complex is quite popular in the Orient. However, one point of fixation in the anterior zygoma body area, the most widely used method, sometimes is insufficient and likely to result in malunion and cheek drooping. We designed ...
Karlsson M K - - 2013
The proportion of elderly in the society increases and fall frequency increases with advancing age. Many falls result in fractures and also soft tissue injuries, longstanding pain, functional impairment, reduced quality of life, increased mortality, and excess in healthcare costs. Due to the magnitude of these negative effects, a variety ...
Oruç Ayla Sargın - - 2013
PURPOSE: Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secratogogue receptor, and its receptors are found in the reproductive organs and placenta. Motilin is produced from the endocrine cells of the duodeno jejunal mucosa and considered to be a regulator of interdigestive migrating contractions. Aim of this study is to ...
Chandra Pranjal - - 2013
Simple and general cancer cell detection methods are required in point-of-care diagnostics. Herein, the interaction between an anticancer drug, daunomycin, and cancer cell membrane components has been studied using an aptamer probe immobilized on a conducting polymer-gold nanoparticle composite film through electrochemical and fluorescence methods and applied to the quantitative ...
Rabiei Faradonbeh Moosa - - 2013
Disposing solid residue with high liquid content into the environment may impact the immediate ecosystem and its surroundings. In bitumen recovery process from oil sands, it is environmentally and economically desirable to effectively recover as much of the liquid trapped in the spent solids as possible, prior to releasing it ...
Chen Lei - - 2013
In order to screen dioxin pollution in sediment of Three Gorges Dam (TGD) area, three sediment cores were obtained from two sites in 2010~2011; each core was divided into different samples with every 10 cm depth. Sediment dating determined by radiometry ((137)Cs, (210)Pb) and concentrations of dioxins were analyzed by high-resolution ...
Cury Valéria C R - - 2013
Functional mobility of children with cerebral palsy (CP) is influenced by personal and environmental factors, serving as barriers and/or facilitators and impacting on children's strategies and functional outcome. OBJECTIVES: To describe typical mobility methods used by children with CP at home, school and community and to compare them across family's ...
Hossen Md Nazir MN Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, - - 2013
Because the functional apoptosis-initiating protein, cytochrome C (CytC) is rapidly cleared from the circulation (t1/2 (half-life): 4 minutes), it cannot be used for in vivo therapy. We report herein on a hitherto unreported strategy for delivering exogenous CytC as a potential and safe antiobesity drug for preventing diet-induced obesity, the ...
Huang Yen-Fang - - 2013
To understand how awareness of HIV-positivity and the use of antiretroviral therapy associated with syphilis infection, 361 MSM attending 16 Hong-Pa (drug-and-sex parties) in Taiwan were studied. The syphilis rate of individuals within their first 2 years after HIV diagnosis (awareness) was lower than that in individuals who had not been ...
Yamout B - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating neurological disease of young people with substantial consequences on patients' quality of life (QOL). A variety of QOL instruments have been used to evaluate the efficacy of treatments. However, no study assessed the role of the different demographic, clinical, physical, social, ...
Nagase Miki - - 2013
The Rho-family small GTPase, Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1), has been implicated in renal and cardiac disease. Rac1 activation in podocytes has been shown in several models of proteinuric kidney disease and a concept involving motile podocytes has been proposed. Evidence also exists for a critical role of ...
Angermeyer Matthias C - - 2013
PURPOSE: It has been assumed that biogenetic causal models may improve public attitudes toward people with mental illnesses. The present study examines whether biogenetic attributions are positively associated with acceptance of people suffering from these disorders. METHODS: Population surveys were conducted in two large German cities. Respondents were presented with ...
MacFarlane Robert J - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stromal cells characterized by their ability to differentiate into adipocytes, chondrocytes, osteocytes and a number of other lineages. Investigation into their use has increased in recent years as characterization of their immunomodulatory properties has developed, and their role in the pathophysiology of joint disease ...
Gentile Nicole M - - 2013
To evaluate the outcomes of corticosteroid-treated microscopic colitis (MC) in a population-based cohort, and to compare these outcomes in patients treated with prednisone or budesonide. A historical cohort study of Olmsted County, Minnesota residents diagnosed with collagenous or lymphocytic colitis (LC) between 1986 and 2010 was performed using the Rochester ...
Ozturk Cemile Nurdan - - 2013
The soft tissue envelope of the nose consists of skin, the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS), and multiple layers of fat. Similar layers have been well described in the neck and face regions but there are few reports of its detailed anatomy in the nose. Nine fresh Caucasian cadaver noses were ...
Nardelli Silvia - - 2013
HRQoL is impaired in cirrhosis. Establishing the relevance of depression, anxiety, alexithymia and cirrhosis stage on the patients' HRQoL. Sixty cirrhotics underwent a neuropsychological assessment, including ZUNG-SDS, STAI Y1-Y2 and TAS-20. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) was detected by PHES, HRQoL by Short-Form-36 (SF-36). Depression was detected in 34 patients (57 %, ...
Lee Min J MJ Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, The University of Texas-Medical School at Houston, PO Box 20708, Houston, TX 77225, - - 2013
Cocaine is one of well-known drugs of abuse, and many children experience early exposure to cocaine. Because of an immature neuronal system in adolescents, they may react differently to repeated cocaine administration compared to adults. Most of the published papers report the effect of cocaine on adult male rats and ...
Bajo-Grañeras Raquel - - 2013
PURPOSE: Inverse correlations of apolipoprotein D (ApoD) expression with tumor growth have been shown, therefore proposing ApoD as a good prognostic marker for diverse cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Besides, ApoD expression is boosted upon oxidative stress (OS) in many pathological situations. This study aims at understanding the role ...
Poppe Heiko - - 2013
We describe a woman presenting primarily with slowly progressing scarring alopecia. Course, symptoms, and clinical picture were highly suggestive for lichen planus. But mycological investigations revealed that cicatricial alopecia was caused by a specific infection with Trichophyton schoenleinii running a chronic course with minimal skin inflammation.
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