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Coutu Marie-France - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To document in workers having a work disability due to a musculoskeletal disorder (MSD), the presence and variation over time of their intolerance of uncertainty and its maintenance factors as defined in Dugas et al.'s generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) model, i.e. worries, negative problem orientation, beliefs about the ...
Zbinden Mauricio D Antezana - - 2013
Microalgae, with their high lipid content, are a promising feedstock for renewable fuels. Traditionally, human and environmentally-toxic solvents have been used to extract these lipids, diminishing the sustainability of this process. Herein, pulsed electric field (PEF) technology was utilized as a process intensification strategy to enhance lipid extraction from Ankistrodesmus ...
Abbas Kaniza Zahra - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Certain adenovirus serotypes cause severe infections, especially in children. It is important to monitor temporal changes in serotypes causing clinical disease. The objective of this study was to document circulating respiratory adenovirus serotypes by sequencing adenovirus culture isolates from the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, during December 2008 to ...
Middleton G - - 2013
Recent literature indicates the potential of community-based obesity prevention programmes in the endeavour to reduce the prevalence of obesity in developed nations. Considerable suggestion and advocacy come from theoretical standpoints and little is known on actual practical application of this type of multi-component health promotion programme. This article explores the ...
Tyler Frances - - 2013
Mechanisms that prevent different species from interbreeding are fundamental to the maintenance of biodiversity. Barriers to interspecific matings, such as failure to recognize a potential mate, are often relatively easy to identify. Those occurring after mating, such as differences in the how successful sperm are in competition for fertilisations, are ...
Socia Kelly M - - 2013
This study examined whether three measures of the spatial distribution of registered sex offenders (RSOs) in September 2010 were associated with differences in county-level rates of recidivistic sex crime arrests over the following year in 52 upstate New York counties. Results indicate that RSO clustering was positively associated with modest ...
Hassan Syed - - 2013
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), a prothrombotic complication of heparin therapy, can lead to serious thromboembolic events and cause significant morbidity and mortality. We aim to study the prevalence of HIT in the transplant population at our institute. This is a retrospective, single-center study which looked into the transplant database over a ...
Subramanian V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Not all NAFLD patients are obese and many obese patients do not have NAFLD. Impaired peripheral fat storage may increase the delivery of lipids to the liver and facilitate NAFLD progression. AIM: To assess the association of anthropometric measures of regional adiposity including arm fat index (AFI) (upper body ...
Crenshaw T D - - 2013
Mortality in swine herds is often associated with lameness, and trace minerals are implicated in maintaining integrity of skeletal tissues. The objectives of this study were to determine if prolific sows displayed evidence of trace mineral depletion with age and to determine the prevalence of osteochondrosis lesions. Reduced mineral concentrations ...
Vemic Ana - - 2013
Certain chemometrical tools allow an efficient way to provide valuable data to evaluate the retention behavior of analytes in liquid chromatography. In this study of the retention behavior of azole antifungals, the experimental design was applied in combination with artificial neural networks (ANNs). Three potentially significant factors (methanol content, pH ...
Matsuda Ayako - - 2013
The Japan Cancer Surveillance Research Group aimed to estimate the cancer incidence in Japan in 2007 based on data collected from 21 out of 33 population-based cancer registries as part of the Monitoring of Cancer Incidence in Japan (MCIJ) project. The total number of incidences in Japan for 2007 was ...
Esserlind A-L - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Genetic factors contribute to the aetiology of the prevalent form of migraine without aura (MO) and migraine with typical aura (MTA). Due to the complex inheritance of MO and MTA, the genetic background is still not fully established. In a population-based genome-wide association study by Chasman et al. ...
Leggett R W - - 2013
The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) is preparing a series of reports that will provide updated biokinetic and dosimetric models and dose coefficients for occupational intake of radionuclides. The biokinetic modelling scheme continues a trend in ICRP reports towards physiologically realistic descriptions of the time-dependent behaviour of absorbed radionuclides ...
Jackson Debra - - 2013
AIMS: To report observational data collected as part of a multi-phased study examining violence in the health sector. The findings presented detail the nature of verbal abuse experienced by nurses during their everyday interactions with patient, their families, or companions. BACKGROUND: Nurses have unacceptably high levels of exposure to violence, ...
Liu Yunkui - - 2013
A K2S2O8-mediated direct cross-coupling of quinoxalines (or benzothiazoles) with methanol leading to 2-quinoxalinyl (or 2-benzothiazolyl) carbaldehyde dimethyl acetals has been achieved. 2-Quinoxalinyl carbaldehyde dimethyl acetals were readily converted into 2-quinoxalinyl carbaldehydes in good to excellent yields under acidic conditions. Preliminary mechanistic studies suggest that the reaction proceeds via multi-fold bond ...
Park Hyojung - - 2013
This study explored health-related organizations' use of Twitter in delivering health literacy messages. A content analysis of 571 tweets from health-related organizations revealed that the organizations' tweets were often quoted or retweeted by other Twitter users. Nonprofit organizations and community groups had more tweets about health literacy than did other ...
Hall Hardy C - - 2013
The Arabidopsis inflorescence stem undergoes rapid directional growth requiring massive axial cell wall extension in all its tissues, yet at maturity these tissues are composed of cell types that exhibit markedly different cell wall structures. It is not clear whether the cell wall compositions of these cell types diverge rapidly ...
Duritis I - - 2013
Peptides of the gastrointestinal tract play a significant role in the digestive processes and the development of the body; therefore, it is important to have an understanding of location and distribution of gastrin, somatostatin and glucagon immunoreactive (IR) cells in the stomach mucosa of growing birds. For this purpose, 6 ...
Karli Philemon - - 2013
Meningioma is the most frequently observed primary brain tumour in cats. Usually, it is associated with an intracranial expansion with consequent brain compression, oedema and brain herniation. Typical features of feline intracranial meningiomas are hyperostosis of the adjacent bone and intratumoral mineralisation. We describe a 13-year-old male neutered cat with ...
Kjeldsberg Mona - - 2013
Objective. To determine the number of symptoms experienced in an adult population and their relationship with self- reported health, demographic, and lifestyle factors. Design. A postal questionnaire addressing 23 different symptoms, health, demographic, and lifestyle factors. Setting. The community of Ullensaker, Norway, in 2004. Subjects. 3325 subjects (participation rate = ...
Chang Shaoyan - - 2013
Folate is thought to contribute to health and development by methylation regulation. Long interspersed nucleotide element-1 (LINE-1), which is regulated by methylation modification, plays an important role in sculpting the structure and function of genomes. Some studies have shown that folate concentration is related to LINE-1 methylation. However, the direct ...
Agarwal Jyotsna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The purpose of present study was to characterize uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) associated with acute cystitis in Indian women. METHODS: In this prospective descriptive study we investigated phylogenetic background and virulence genotypes for 15 genes by multiplex PCR and in vitro biofilm formation ability of 172 E. coli strains ...
Nemkevich Alexandra - - 2013
Clathrates have been proposed for use in a variety of applications including gas storage, mixture separation and catalysis due to the potential for controlled guest diffusion through their porous lattices. Here molecular dynamics simulations are employed to study guest transport in clathrates of hydroquinone (HQ) and Dianin's compound (DC). Systems ...
Yokobayashi Kenichi - - 2013
AIM: In Japan, many elderly patients are managed at home, and fever is a common problem. This study examined the incidence of fever events in elderly patients on home medical management, and underlying disorders from the pragmatic standpoint. This study also investigated whether the care-need level determined at the start ...
Ellis Ross J - - 2013
Trends in lanthanide(III) (Ln(III) ) coordination were investigated within nanoconfined solvation environments. Ln(III) ions were incorporated into the cores of reverse micelles (RMs) formed with malonamide amphiphiles in n-heptane by contact with aqueous phases containing nitrate and Ln(III) ; both insert into pre-organized RM units built up of DMDOHEMA (N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-dioctylhexylethoxymalonamide) ...
Streckbein Philipp - - 2013
PURPOSE: Surface development is one of the major aims in dental implant engineering. Additive application of substances could possibly improve the new bone formation around dental implants. The present study evaluated the bone reaction on four different implant surfaces with or without platelet-rich plasma (PRP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four self-tapping ...
Lombardi Carolina - - 2013
High-altitude exposure is characterized by the appearance of periodic breathing during sleep. Only limited evidence is available, however, on the presence of gender-related differences in this breathing pattern. In 37 healthy subjects, 23 male and 14 female, we performed nocturnal cardio-respiratory monitoring in the following conditions: (1) sea level; (2) ...
Carney Patrick W - - 2013
The benign occipital epilepsies of childhood include Panayiotopoulos and Gastaut syndromes; a third syndrome, idiopathic photosensitive occipital epilepsy may also begin in childhood or adolescence. We describe siblings with occipital epilepsy characterized by refractory, frequent, brief visual seizures and normal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Electroencephalography (EEG) with functional MRI (fMRI) ...
Banks Adrian P - - 2013
A novel explanation of belief bias in relational reasoning is presented based on the role of working memory and retrieval in deductive reasoning, and the influence of prior knowledge on this process. It is proposed that belief bias is caused by the believability of a conclusion in working memory which ...
Arborelius Lotta - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Assessment of risk of future violence has developed from reliance on static indicators towards a more dynamic approach. In the latter context, however, the offender is seldom confronted with real life situations. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate a computer-based system - Reactions on Display, which ...
Shoji Yoko - - 2013
The increased worldwide awareness of seasonal and pandemic influenza, including pandemic H1N1 virus, has stimulated interest in the development of economic platforms for rapid, large-scale production of safe and effective subunit vaccines. In recent years, plants have demonstrated their utility as such a platform and have been used to produce ...
Arens Julia - - 2013
Herein preparative scale access to the shared precursor of the fusicoccane family of diterpenoids through biosynthesis in three different microbial hosts is reported. A method to purify the metabolite in high purity and on a preparative scale was explored.
Castro Isabel - - 2013
Non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) is part of the neuroendocrine response to stress, but the significance of this syndrome remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced NTIS on thyroid hormone (TH) levels and TH molecular targets, as well as the relationship between ...
Kallenbach Klaus - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The proper treatment of aneurysms of the ascending aorta is still under debate. Here, we describe the early and late outcomes after composite replacement (CR), supracommissural aortic replacement (SCR) and aortic valve-sparing (AVS) operations. METHODS: Five hundred and fourty-eight patients were operated on for ascending aortic aneurysm from 1994 ...
Oliynyk Anton O - - 2013
Construction of the isothermal section in the metal-rich portion (<67 atom % P) of the Mo-Fe-P phase diagram at 800 °C has led to the identification of two new ternary phases: (Mo(1-x)Fe(x))(2)P (x = 0.30-0.82) and (Mo(1-x)Fe(x))(3)P (x = 0.10-0.15). The occurrence of a Co(2)Si-type ternary phase (Mo(1-x)Fe(x))(2)P, which straddles ...
Gordon Christopher P - - 2013
Virulence gene expression in Staphylococcus aureus is tightly regulated by intricate networks of transcriptional regulators and two-component signal transduction systems. There is now an emerging body of evidence to suggest that the blockade of S. aureus virulence gene expression significantly attenuates infection in experimental models. In this perspective, we will ...
Grover Sandeep - - 2013
Background: Very few studies have compared the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) between patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Aim: The study aimed to compare the prevalence of MS in patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Materials and Methods: By consecutive sampling, 126 patients with schizophrenia and 72 patients with ...
Lin Zhenzhen - - 2013
Going flat out: Simultaneous modifications of the textural, surface, and electronic structures of a rigid conjugated carbon nitride polymer has been achieved using direct co-condensation of urea and Ph(4) BNa. This method gives boron-doped carbon nitride nanosheets that optimize the capture of light, improve the charge-separation kinetics, and enhance the ...
Jones Alison - - 2013
The aim of this work is to assess the possible radiological impact on the population of the United Kingdom (UK) from new nuclear power stations proposed for up to eight sites in England and Wales. The radiological impact was measured in terms of collective dose to the UK, European and ...
Sahana Goutam - - 2013
Feed conversion ratio (FCR) is an economically important trait in pigs and feed accounts for a significant proportion of the costs involved in pig production. In this study we used a high density SNP chip panel, Porcine SNP60 BeadChip, to identify association between FCR and SNP markers and to study ...
Leslie E - - 2013
Early disease detection and efficient methods of proving disease freedom can substantially improve the response to incursions of important transboundary animal diseases in previously free regions. We used a spatially explicit, stochastic disease spread model to simulate the spread of classical swine fever in wild pigs in a remote region ...
Perna Alessandra F - - 2013
H(2) S is the third endogenous gaseous mediator, after nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, possessing pleiotropic effects, including cytoprotection and anti-inflammatory action. We analyzed, in an in vitro model entailing monocyte adhesion to an endothelial monolayer, the changes induced by H(2) S on various potential targets, including cytokines, chemokines and ...
Jácome Cristina - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: This study aimed to describe the functioning of patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework to inform future rehabilitation interventions. Method: A cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of outpatients with COPD was conducted. Data were ...
Sharma Pankaj - - 2013
In situ piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) imaging reveals highly non-linear kinetics of the superdomain boundary separating two a-c-domain bundles in BaTiO(3) lamellae. It is suggested that this behavior is caused by an unscreened depolarizing field of newly switched domains that counter balances the driving force from the applied electric field.
Francis Sarah E - - 2013
Recent research has examined the contribution of parental anxiety sensitivity to child anxiety, suggesting only a modest relationship between these two variables. No study to date, however, has examined the role of parental anxiety sensitivity in parent reports of the child's anxiety. It was hypothesized that anxiety sensitivity, a cognitive ...
Westover Chad - - 2013
The passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (PPACA) may create an estimated 16 million new Medicaid enrollees. This underscores the need to develop innovative strategies to provide efficient care to this population without compromising quality. To address concerns that consumer-driven health plans (CDHPs) and cost ...
Basrur Veidhes R - - 2013
Lithium-ion batteries have emerged as the preferred type of rechargeable batteries, but there is a need to improve the performance of the electrolytes therein. Specifically, the challenge is to obtain electrolytes with the mechanical rigidity of solids but with liquid-like conductivities. In this study, we report a class of nanostructured ...
Pettigrew Simone - - 2013
This study identified predictors of parents' and school principals' perceptions of the impact of a Western Australian school food policy. An initial qualitative phase involving focus groups with parents and interviews with school principals, teachers, canteen managers and Parents & Citizens Committee members provided general feedback on the policy and ...
Kartner Norbert - - 2013
Published topological models of the integral membrane a subunit of the vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase complex have not been in agreement with respect to either the number of transmembrane helices within the integral membrane domain, or their limits and orientations within the lipid bilayer. In the present work we have constructed ...
King Kerensa A - - 2013
Pesticides are frequently detected in urban streams and are believed to be primarily the result of homeowner use. Although concentrations in most cases are low (<1 µg/L), there is concern that pesticide inputs threaten efforts to restore and enhance salmon habitat. The authors exposed early life stages of coho salmon ...
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