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Shin Youn Ho - - 2013
Objective. The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program/Expert Panel Report (NAEPP/EPR)-3 Guidelines for asthma treatment categorize asthma severity based on impairment and risks and on medications administered. The objective of this study was to determine whether impulse oscillometry system (IOS) measures in preschool children are consistent with asthma severity as ...
Leow Michael El - - 2013
Background and Aim:The fitting of short finger stumps with silicone prosthesis is a challenge because of the suboptimal finger-prosthesis contact due to length and distal tapering of digital stumps. The purpose of this report was to describe and evaluate the Micropore(™)-polyvinyl chloride tube technique for fitting short finger stumps.Technique:For a ...
Sánchez J P - - 2013
The objective of the present study was to quantify the extent of the interaction between temperature and animal-specific effects on prolificacy and average weaning weight in rabbit does, and to assess to what extent this interaction has a genetic determination. For this purpose, 18,491 total born (TB) records from 5,929 ...
Mackenzie Gilbert - - 2013
This paper develops interval censoring likelihood methods in the context of parametric proportional hazard (PH) and non-PH regression models in the longitudinal study setting to reanalyze the medical research council's randomized controlled trial of teletherapy in age-related macular degeneration. We compare the performance of the interval censoring likelihood with proxy ...
Quilendrino Ruth - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate how corneal deturgescence after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) influences the posterior corneal surface area and the endothelial cell density (ECD) measurements. Materials and Methods: A mathematical model was formulated to estimate the increase in posterior corneal surface area associated with postoperative corneal deturgescence and its ...
Novikov Alexander S - - 2013
The theoretical background of the formation of N-heterocyclic oxadiazoline carbenes through a metal-assisted [2+3]-dipolar cycloaddition (CA) reaction of nitrones R(1) CHN(R(2) )O to isocyanides CNR and the decomposition of these carbenes to imines R(1) CHNR(2) and isocyanates OCNR is discussed. Furthermore, the reaction mechanisms and factors that govern these processes ...
Hadjidemetriou Marilena - - 2013
Abstract Dimethoxycurcumin (DMC) is a lipophilic analog of curcumin found in Curcuma longa Linn., which is known to possess significant activity against various cancer cell lines. The purpose of this study was to develop suitable liposomal formulations in order to overcome DMC's poor water solubility and to study the aggregation ...
Wei Chengzhen - - 2013
In this study, we report the synthesis of monodispersive solid and hollow CdS spheres with structure-dependent photocatalytic abilities for dye photodegradation. The monodispersive CdS nanospheres were constructed with the assistance of the soulcarboxymthyi chitosan biopolymer under hydrothermal conditions. The solid CdS spheres were corroded by ammonia to form hollow CdS ...
Hsu Ching-Sheng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: IL-21R polymorphisms have been identified as potential predictors of virologic outcomes in Western chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients receiving interferon-based treatment. We aimed to examine the associations of IL-21R genotypes and serum IL-21 levels with virologic responses to interferon-based treatment in Asian CHC patients. METHODS: Genomic and clinical data ...
Lee Sang W - - 2013
Occupational hand eczema is frequent in hospital workers, especially in nurses. A comprehensive understanding regarding hand eczema is essential for establishing proper prevention and treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for hand eczema in hospital nursing staffs. A self-administered questionnaire study was performed ...
Oneal Gail G Washington State University College of Nursing, Spokane, WA, USA. - - 2013
To report the psychometric testing of the Household Risk Perception and Self-Efficacy in Environmental Risk Reduction instruments using principal components analysis. There are limited instruments available to test household risk perception and self-efficacy related to environmental health behaviours. The Household Risk Perception instrument was developed to measure personal perceptions of ...
Paolini Francesca - - 2013
Cervical, anal, penile and a sub-set of head and neck (HN) tumors are critical health problems caused by high risk Human Papilloma Viruses (HPVs), like HPV type 16. No specific/effective pharmacological treatments exist. A valid preventive vaccination as well as the immunotherapy of persistent infections, pre-cancerous lesions or early-stage cancers ...
Browning K N KN Department of Neural and Behavioral Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, 500 University Drive, MC H109, Hershey, PA 17033, - - 2013
Perivagal application of capsaicin (1% solution) is considered to cause a selective degeneration of vagal afferent C fibres and has been used extensively to examine the site of action of many gastrointestinal (GI) neuropeptides. The actions of both capsaicin and GI neuropeptides may not be restricted to vagal afferent fibres, ...
Hicks Dg - - 2013
Clinical laboratory testing for human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) in patients with newly diagnosed breast and gastric cancer is critically important for therapeutic decisions about adjuvant treatment. The HER2 pathway is a major molecular driver of disease progression in a subset of these solid tumors and the results of ...
Beggs Andrew D - - 2013
Lynch Syndrome, an autosomal dominantly inherited cancer predisposition syndrome is not typically associated with development of breast cancer. We present two cases of loss of mismatch protein expression in breast cancer cases in patients with Lynch Syndrome and discuss the literature surrounding the subject.
Quinn Daniel - - 2013
We present an analytical solution for the shape of a fluid-fluid interface near a nanoscale solid sphere, which is a configuration motivated by common measurements with an atomic force microscope. The forces considered are surface tension, gravity, and the van der Waals attraction. The non-linear governing equation has been solved ...
Paquet F - - 2013
The assessment and management of risks associated with exposures to ionising radiation are defined by the general radiological protection system, proposed by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). This system is regarded by a large majority of users as a robust system although there are a number of dissenting ...
Gottlieb Peter - - 2013
Background: By including §69 into the Danish Penal Code, it has since 1975 been possible to use psychiatric measures as legal sanctions for even non-psychotic offenders-if the measure is believed to be preventive of future crime. To be able to decide on the applicability of treatment measures as sanctions in ...
Chen Yongdi Y Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Prevention and Control; Hangzhou, P.R. - - 2013
In the present study, we investigated the changes in both anti-HAV lgG and anti-HBs lgG levels and compared the antibody seroconversion rates of different doses of combined hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine in children. Children who were vaccinated as infants with Hepatitis B vaccine were revaccinated at 5-15 y ...
Li Shuru - - 2013
Inspired by the structure features of micelle, we attempt to synthesize a novel functionalized mesoporous silica nanosphere consisting of a hydrophobic core and a hydrophilic shell. The obtained solid materials were structurally confirmed by N2 sorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Their compositions were characterized by Fourier ...
Wehner Astrid - - 2013
Two siblings, a 6-month-old sexually intact male weighing 2.5 kg (cat 1) and a sexually intact female (cat 2) British Shorthair cat weighing 2.3 kg, were examined because of a 3-week history of polyuria, lethargy and laboured breathing. One year previously, another sibling (cat 3) had been presented because of ...
Carlo C Nikoosh - - 2013
The number of neurons under a square millimeter of cortical surface has been reported to be the same across five cortical areas and five species [Rockel et al. (1980) Brain 103(2):221-244] despite differences in cortical thickness between the areas. Although the accuracy of this result has been the subject of ...
Ra Young-Sik - - 2013
Quantum-mechanical wave-particle duality implies that probability distributions for granular detection events exhibit wave-like interference. On the single-particle level, this leads to self-interference--e.g., on transit across a double slit--for photons as well as for large, massive particles, provided that no which-way information is available to any observer, even in principle. When ...
Pena R N - - 2013
The influence that the genetics of species used as food sources has on the human perception of sensory attributes has been rarely addressed in previous studies. Dry-cured hams are high-quality highly appreciated pork products obtained by salting, curing, drying and ageing process. We carried out a Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) ...
Shane Andi L - - 2013
Identifying neonates with sepsis is complicated by variability in clinical presentation. The incidence of early onset sepsis (EOS) resulting from invasive group B streptococcal (GBS) infections has been notably reduced by the widespread delivery of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis. Rates of EOS attributable to non-GBS etiologies have remained constant, and ampicillin-resistant ...
Sun Zhaoqing - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence, clinical sub-types, and associated risk factors of stroke among rural Chinese adults. METHODS: A population-based sample of 38 949 rural Chinese adults, aged ≥35 years and free from stroke at baseline, were followed from 2004-2006 to 2010. Stroke was defined ...
Laing Emma M - - 2013
Adenovirus 36 (Ad36) is the only adenovirus to date that has been linked with obesity in humans. Our previous studies in late adolescent females suggest that excess weight in the form of fat mass is associated with lower cortical bone strength. The purpose of this study was to assess the ...
Cordeiro Aline - - 2013
Thyroid hormones are important modulators of lipid metabolism because the liver is a primary hormonal target. The hypolipidemic effects of thyroid hormones result from the balance between direct and indirect actions resulting in stimulation of lipid synthesis and lipid oxidation, which favours degradation pathways. Originally, it was believed that thyroid ...
Long S - - 2013
It is estimated that approximately 100 000 Irish homes have radon concentrations above the reference level of 200 Bq m(-3). To minimise the number of new homes with this problem, building regulations require that all new homes built since July 1998 in high radon areas are installed with radon barriers during construction. Measurements ...
Meinecke Michael M Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Medical Research Council, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, United - - 2013
Dynamin mediates various membrane fission events, including the scission of clathrin-coated vesicles. Here, we provide direct evidence for cooperative membrane recruitment of dynamin with the BIN/amphiphysin/Rvs (BAR) proteins, endophilin and amphiphysin. Surprisingly, endophilin and amphiphysin recruitment to membranes was also dependent on binding to dynamin due to auto-inhibition of BAR-membrane ...
Zhu Ji - - 2013
ABSTRACT: AIMS: Based on the hypothesis that first-line chemoradiation followed by chemotherapy was superior for primary tumor and non-inferior for distant lesions compared to chemotherapy alone in synchronous unresectable distant metastases rectal adenocarcinoma, this study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of this strategy.Materials and methods: Thirty two ...
Hwang Jin Ho - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs in 30%-50% of individuals with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). However, the clinical relevance of asymptomatic pyuria in ADPKD patients remains unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 256 ADPKD patients who registered to the ADPKD clinic at Seoul National University ...
Joanis Patrick - - 2013
Gold-thiol self-assembly is a widely employed strategy for engineering electronic devices using molecules and other nanostructures as building blocks. However, device behavior is expected to be governed by both building block architecture and contact effects. In order to elucidate the role of the latter in such devices, we have studied ...
Koolen Ruud - - 2013
This study investigates to what extent the amount of variation in a visual scene causes speakers to mention the attribute color in their definite target descriptions, focusing on scenes in which this attribute is not needed for identification of the target. The results of our three experiments show that speakers ...
Anderson Jaime L - - 2013
The DSM-5 Personality and Personality Disorders workgroup and their consultants have developed the 220-item, self-report Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) for direct assessment of the proposed personality trait system for DSM-5; however, most practicing clinical psychologists will likely continue to rely on separate omnibus measures to index symptoms and ...
Prevarskaya Natalia - - 2013
Cancer is caused by defects in the mechanisms underlying cell proliferation, death and migration. Calcium ions are central to all of these phenomena, serving as major signalling agents with the spatial localisation, magnitude and temporal characteristics of calcium signals ultimately determining cell's fate. The transformation of a normal cell into ...
Köchling Joachim - - 2013
Although chemotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitors provide high remission rates, especially prognosis of adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (Ph(+) ALL) still remains poor. Because most adults eventually relapse without allogeneic stem cell transplantation which is not available for all patients novel strategies are required for relapse ...
Sévoz-Couche Caroline C CR-ICM, UPMC/INSERM, UMR-S 975, CNRS UMR 7225, Faculté de médecine UPMC, Site Pitie-Salpêtrière, Paris F-75013, France. - - 2013
Anxiety disorders in humans reduce both the heart rate variability (HRV) and the sensitivity of the cardiac baroreflex (BRS). Both may contribute to sudden death. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying these alterations, male rats were subjected to social defeat sessions on four consecutive days. Five days later, the rats were ...
Pozzi Sarah - - 2013
We assessed WT1 expression (expressed as messenger copies/10(4) ABL1) from marrow cells of 122 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), before and after an unmanipulated allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). The median age was 44 years (15-69), 59% were in first remission, 74% received a myeloablative conditioning regimen and the ...
Schützhold Svenja - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The German reunification (1990) resulted in huge social upheavals in East Germany involving changes in health-care systems. We aimed to assess the changes of dental health between 1989 and 2005, hypothesizing that dental health converged in West and East Germany. METHODS: We evaluated data from 855 East and 1,456 ...
Erol Almila - - 2013
Background: Patients with remitted bipolar disorder have cognitive impairments, particularly in executive functions. However, the findings of studies that investigated cognitive functions in unaffected relatives of patients with bipolar disorder are conflicting. Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate executive functions in healthy parents of patients with bipolar ...
Titelman David - - 2013
Background and aim: The Nordic countries provide a suitable setting for comparing trends in suicide mortality. The aim of this report is to compare suicide trends by age, gender, region and methods in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden 1980-2009. Methods: Suicide statistics 1980-2009 were analyzed for men and women ...
González-Valdez José - - 2013
Chemical modification of proteins is gaining importance due to the improvement in properties and the broader range of applications that these protein conjugates have. Once modified, several purification strategies need to be applied to isolate the conjugates of interest. Aqueous Two-Phase Systems (ATPS) are an attractive alternative for the primary ...
Chen Weizao - - 2013
The currently available anti-HIV-1 drugs can control the infection but do not eradicate the virus. Their long-term use can lead to side effects and resistance to therapy. Therefore, eradication of the virus has been a major goal of research. Biological therapeutics including broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (bnAbs) are promising tools ...
Xu Feng - - 2013
Influencing factors, including organic reductant, counterion of copper(ii)-bipyridine complex, reaction solvent, molar ratio of copper(ii)-bipyridine complex and organic reductant, reaction time and chelating ligand of copper complex, have been extensively investigated on the reaction of copper(ii)-bipyridine complex mediated C-C bond cleavage of acetonitrile. Furthermore, in situ formation of a series ...
Magnus C R A - - 2013
The purpose was to determine if an at-home resistance tubing strength training program on one shoulder (that is commonly used in rehabilitation settings) would produce increases in strength in the trained and untrained shoulders via cross-education. Twenty-three participants were randomized to TRAIN (strength-trained one shoulder; n = 13) or CONTROL (no intervention; ...
Trefan L - - 2013
Meta-analysis was carried out to quantify the effects of gender in combination with carcass weight and breed on pork quality. Altogether published results from 43 references were used. The traits analyzed were pH at 45 min (pH45min) and pH at 24 h (pH24hr) postmortem, the objective color attributes lightness (L*), ...
Wu Ting - - 2013
A simple spectrofluorimetric method is described for the determination of DNA, based on its enhancement of the fluorescence intensity of prulifloxacin (PUFX)-Tb(3+) . The luminescence intensity of the PUFX-Tb(3+) complex increased up to 10-fold after adding DNA. The excitation and emission wavelengths were 345 and 545 nm, respectively. Under optimum conditions, ...
Chi Alexander - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Purpose: To assess if intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) can possibly lead to improved local control and lower incidence of vision impairment/blindness in comparison to non-IMRT techniques when treating sinonasal malignancies; what is the most optimal dose constraints for the optic pathway; and the impact of different IMRT strategies on optic ...
Wałecka-Zacharska E - - 2013
Of the 13 serotypes, 4b serotype strains are responsible for the majority of recorded invasive listeriosis outbreaks, although some recent listeriosis outbreaks have been attributed to strains of serotypes 1/2a and 1/2b. Virulence and response to osmotic stress in 41 Listeria monocytogenes strains representing serotypes 1/2a, 1/2b and 4b was ...
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