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Wang Zhen - - 2013
We synthesized a series of crosslinked photoresponsive polymeric particles with photolabile monomers and crosslinkers through miniemulsion polymerization. These particles are quite stable in dark, while light irradiation caused the breakage of particles and the efficient release of encapsulated contents up to 95 % based on Nile red fluorescence. Photoswitches of ...
Bridge C A - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the external validity of Taekwondo-specific exercise protocols. 10 male international Taekwondo competitors (age 18±2 years) took part in a championship combat and an exercise protocol that simulated the activity pattern of Taekwondo combat. Heart rate and venous blood samples were obtained in ...
Oh Hyun Soo - - 2013
AIM: This article is a report of the development and testing of the hypothetical model that illustrates relationships between treatment adherence and its psychosocial influencing factors and to elucidate the direct and indirect (mediating) effects of factors on treatment adherence. BACKGROUND: Poor adherence has been consistently reported in haemodialysis patients. ...
Gońka Elżbieta - - 2013
An electron-rich 3,4-diarylpyrrole is shown to undergo a tandem inter- and intramolecular Scholl oxidation, providing access to bis(phenanthropyrroles), a new class of bipyrrole derivatives with extended pi-conjugation. Intermolecular coupling of two pyrrole molecues is found to be the initial step of this reaction. Bis(phenanthropyrroles) are characterized by restricted rotation around ...
Chuderland Dana - - 2013
Context:Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a potentially life-threatening complication of assisted reproduction. OHSS is induced by an ovarian release of vasoactive, angiogenic substances that results in vascular hyperpermeability, leakage, and shift of fluids from blood vessels into the extravascular space with consequent ascites and edema that are attributed to vascular ...
Yu Jiaguo - - 2013
Exploiting advanced photocatalysts under visible light is of primary significance for the development of environmentally relevant photocatalytic decontamination processes. In this study, the ionic liquid (IL), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, was employed for the first time as both a structure-directing agent and a dopant for the synthesis of novel fluorinated B/C-codoped anatase ...
Zou Changhong - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Increasing evidences have suggested that autoantibodies against muscarinic-2 acetylcholine receptor (anti-M2-R) may play an important role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). Predictive value of pre-procedural anti-M2-R for the recurrence of AF after radiofrequency catheter ablation is still unclear. METHODS: Totally 76 AF patients with preserved left ...
Kuder Tomasz - - 2013
High temperature pyrolysis conversion of organic analytes to H2 in hydrogen isotope ratio compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) is unsuitable for chlorinated compounds such as trichloroethene (TCE) and cis-1,2-dichloroethene (DCE), due to competition from HCl formation. For this reason, the information potential of hydrogen isotope ratios of chlorinated ethenes remains untapped. ...
Warolin J - - 2013
What is already known about this subject African Americans are disproportionately affected by obesity and other metabolic risk factors in comparison to White Americans. Increasing prevalence of obesity has been associated with concomitant increases in childhood hypertension, dyslipidaemia and type 2 diabetes. Oxidative stress is associated with obesity in both ...
Ara N - - 2013
The detection of early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in patients following radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) has increased with the development of endoscopic technologies. The aim of the current case - control study was to elucidate the risk factors of serious laryngeal edema, a lethal ...
Göthberg Catharina - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate 1-year implant survival and marginal bone loss around implants that support fixed partial dentures loaded immediately or after 3 months, and effects from abutment usage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this 2005 to 2009 randomized, parallel-group, clinical trial, 50 partially edentulous patients each received three Brånemark TiUnite™ implants ...
Bertram Melanie Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: South Africa is experiencing epidemiological transition, with the burden of chronic diseases increasing. Stroke is currently the second leading cause of death in South Africa; however, limited data are available on incidence, prevalence and resulting disability. Quantifying the epidemiological parameters and disease burden is important in the planning of ...
Heffernan Meghan E - - 2013
Utilization of novel approaches in imaging modalities are needed for enhancing diagnostic and therapeutic outcomes of persons suffering a traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study explored the feasibility of using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in conjunction with behavioral measures to target dynamic changes in specific neural circuitries in an ...
Srivastava Sk - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as novel post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. These short non-coding RNAs are involved in diverse biological processes and their dysregulation is often observed under diseased conditions. Therefore, miRNAs hold great potential as clinical biomarkers of physiological and pathological states and extensive efforts are underway to develop ...
Fan Zhen - - 2013
Over the last few years, one of the most important and complex problems facing our society is treating infectious diseases caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB), by using current market-existing antibiotics. Driven by this need, we report for the first time the development of the multifunctional popcorn-shaped iron magnetic core-gold plasmonic ...
Muñoz-Mérida Antonio - - 2013
Olive breeding programmes are focused on selecting for traits as short juvenile period, plant architecture suited for mechanical harvest, or oil characteristics, including fatty acid composition, phenolic, and volatile compounds to suit new markets. Understanding the molecular basis of these characteristics and improving the efficiency of such breeding programmes require ...
Will Sebastian - - 2013
Recent genome-wide computational screens that search for conservation of RNA secondary structure in whole genome alignments (WGAs) have predicted thousands of structural noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs). The sensitivity of such approaches, however, is limited due to their reliance on sequence-based whole-genome aligners, which regularly misalign structural ncRNAs. This suggests that many ...
Vargo Edward L - - 2013
Social insects exhibit remarkable variation in their colony breeding structures, both within and among species. Ecological factors are believed to be important in shaping reproductive traits of social insect colonies, yet there is little information linking specific environmental variables with differences in breeding structure. Subterranean termites (Rhinotermitidae) show exceptional variation ...
Rey A I - - 2013
This study tested the effect of micellized vitamin E (D-α-tocopherol; 1,400 IU/d) administered 12 and 1 h orally before training for 1 (ST-VitE) or 8 d (LT-VitE) compared to an un-supplemented control (CONTROL) on plasma α-tocopherol, thiobarbithuric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), total glutathione (GSHt), and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) in ...
Canaday D C - - 2013
The effects of room temperature and light intensity prior to breeding and into early gestation were evaluated on the reproductive performance and well-being of gilts housed individually in crates. In eight replicates, estrus was synchronized in mature gilts (n = 198) and following last feeding of Matrix were randomly assigned ...
Rödig Jana Verena - - 2013
Manufacturers worldwide produce influenza vaccines in different host systems. So far, either fertilized chicken eggs or mammalian cell lines are used. In all these vaccines, hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase are the major components. Both are highly abundant glycoproteins in the viral envelope, and particularly HA is able to induce a ...
Song Shuyan - - 2013
Self-assembled Bi(2) Te(3) one-dimensional nanorod bundles have been fabricated by a low-cost and facile solvothermal method with ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid as an additive. The phase structures and morphologies of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry, and transmission electron microscope measurements. The growth ...
Montagnaro Serena - - 2013
Bovine Herpesvirus type 4 (BoHV-4), like other herpesviruses, induces a series of alterations in the host cell that modify the intracellular environment in favour of viral replication, survival and spread. This research examined the impact of BoHV-4 infection on autophagy in BoHV-4 infected Madin Darby Bovine Kidney (MDBK) cells. Protein ...
Lambert V - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In the last number of years heightened interest has been attributed to the impact of hospital environments on children's psychosocial well-being. With policy largely built around adult assumptions, knowledge about what constitutes a child-friendly hospital environment from young children's perspectives has been lacking. If hospital environments are to aspire ...
Claudino Dikson - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Aesthetic alterations in the face can be self-perceived and can affect quality of life. For young people, physical attractiveness is an important factor affecting social relationships. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of malocclusion, identify the most common types and test its association with ...
Valdés-Sánchez Lourdes - - 2013
ATR, a sensor of DNA damage, is associated with the regulation and control of cell division. ATR deficit is known to cause Seckel syndrome, characterized by severe proportionate short stature and microcephaly. We used a mouse model for Seckel disease to study the effect of ATR deficit on retinal development ...
Quadri Syeda S - - 2013
A method has been developed for screening glyceollins and their metabolites based on precursor ion scanning. Under higher-energy collision conditions with the employment of a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer in the negative ion mode, deprotonated glyceollin precursors yield a diagnostic radical product ion at m/z 148. We propose this resonance-stabilized ...
Sconfienza Luca Maria - - 2013
Purpose:To evaluate the use of axial-strain real-time sonoelastography in patients with plantar fasciitis compared with that in healthy control subjects.Materials and Methods:Institutional review board approval and patients' consent were obtained. Eighty feet of 80 patients (43 men, 37 women; mean age ± standard deviation, 46.3 years ± 8.7) with plantar ...
Olujohungbe Ade - - 2013
Priapism due to sickle cell disease is a common but less well characterized complication of the disorder. It represents a "medical emergency" with the key determinant of outcome being the duration of penile ischaemia and time to detumescence of <4 h associated with a successful treatment outcome. Management can be outpatient-based ...
Wiegell S R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that daylight-photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective treatment of actinic keratoses, nearly pain free and more convenient for both the clinics and patients. Treatment of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) is another main indication for PDT. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this open, uncontrolled, prospective explorative study was ...
Hocine Sabrina - - 2013
Thermoresponsive behavior of different kinds of polymersomes was studied using small angle neutron scattering (SANS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). The polymersomes were made of block copolymers containing a 2000 Da polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a hydrophilic block, and either a liquid-like polymer (e.g. ...
Reymond Frédéric - - 2013
The present paper describes the preparation of tosyl-activated non-magnetic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-glycidyl methacrylate) [P(HEMA-GMA)] microspheres by dispersion polymerization and tosyl-activated magnetic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-ethylene dimethacrylate) [P(HEMA-EDMA)] microspheres by multistep swelling polymerization method and precipitation of iron oxide inside the pores. These new approaches show that monodisperse microspheres, 2.3 μm, respectively 4.1 μm, ...
Watanabe K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: /st>Lung ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is correlated with poor clinical outcome. The inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) are produced by pulmonary epithelial cells during lung transplantation and are considered to be involved in I/R injury. The volatile anaesthetic sevoflurane has been shown to exert a ...
Samanta Dipak - - 2013
Unique three-component self-assembly of a cis-blocked 90° Pd(ii) acceptor with a mixture of tri- and tetra-imidazole donors led to the self-sorting of a Pd(7) molecular boat with an internal nanocavity, which catalyses the Knoevenagel condensation of a series of aromatic aldehydes with 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid and Meldrum's acid in aqueous media.
Farag Abeer - - 2013
Abstract Aim. To evaluate the effect of the introduction of ART in Upper-Egypt and assess the participating General Dental Practitioners' (GDPs) opinions, intentions, expectations and experiences regarding barriers related to using ART. Methods. Thirty-five GDPs were selected and trained on ART for 5 days. Knowledge assessments were done immediately before ...
Mytilinaiou Maria - - 2013
Fibrosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor originating from fibroblasts. Transforming growth factor beta 2 (TGFβ2) has been established to regulate processes correlated to fibrosarcoma tumorigenesis. In this study, we investigated the possible participation of syndecan-2 (SDC-2), a cell membrane heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan on these TGFβ2 functions. Our results demonstrate ...
Guo Haizhou - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Rats are widely used in modeling orthotopic lung transplantation. Recently the introduction of the cuff technique has greatly facilitated the anastomosing procedure used during the transplant. However, the procedure is still associated with several drawbacks including twisting of blood vessels, tissue injury and the extensive time required for ...
Dwivedi P P - - 2013
Bone formation is remarkable for the convergence in the activity of four major signalling pathways, the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), hedgehog (HH) and wingless-integrated (WNT) pathways. These pathways cooperate in morphogenetic, proliferative and differentiative processes that underpin the development, growth and repair of skeletal structures. They ...
Boffano Paolo - - 2013
Pathological mandibular fractures are rare, accounting for fewer than 2% of all fractures of the mandible. They could be defined as fractures that occur in regions where bone has been weakened by an underlying pathological process. Pathological fractures usually may follow surgical interventions such as third molar removal or implant ...
Abbey Craig K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The concept of diagnostic utility is a fundamental component of signal detection theory, going back to some of its earliest works. Attaching utility values to the various possible outcomes of a diagnostic test should, in principle, lead to meaningful approaches to evaluating and comparing such systems. However, in many ...
Nunes Daniel H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignant neoplasm in humans. BCC is asymptomatic, and its growth is slow, which may explain why patients often delay seeking treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical, historical, and demographic variables associated with the high Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) scores of ...
Rousian M - - 2013
The aim of our study was to evaluate the first trimester cerebellar growth and development using 2 different measuring techniques: 3-dimensional (3D) and virtual reality (VR) ultrasound visualization. The cerebellum measurements were related to gestational age (GA) and crown-rump length (CRL). Finally, the reproducibility of both the methods was tested. ...
Treves Adrian - - 2013
Understanding individual attitudes and how these predict overt opposition to predator conservation or direct, covert action against predators will help to recover and maintain them. Studies of attitudes toward wild animals rely primarily on samples of individuals at a single time point. We examined longitudinal change in individuals' attitudes toward ...
Youlin Kuang - - 2013
Interactions between costimulatory molecules and their receptors are vital for Ag-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) to initiate T cells activation, expansion and their antitumor immune responses. Augmentation of costimulatory signal due to the interaction of DCs and T cells may amplify, sustain and drive diversity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and ...
Nico M M S - - 2013
Background  Cheilitis glandularis (CG) is a rare condition in which thick saliva is secreted from dilated ostia of swollen minor salivary glands from the lips. Aquaporins (AQPs) are membrane proteins that exhibit channel activity specific for water and small solutes. AQPs are essential for corporal homeostasis, and are widely expressed ...
Harkins Colette S - - 2013
Background:Disability is inextricably linked to poverty. A total of 80% of the disabled population lives in low-income countries. The demand for prosthetic and orthotic services in these countries is increasing, and a variety of methods to provide services are currently used.Objectives:To assess current models of provision to facilitate sustainable, evidence-based ...
Soberon F - - 2013
Data from calf studies conducted over the past 20 yr has shown that pre-weaning nutrient intake, from milk or milk replacer, can have profound effects on development of the calf that enhance first lactation and lifetime productivity. Many of the studies show positive but not significant effects of pre-weaning nutrition ...
De Jager N - - 2013
Gene expression phenotypes were evaluated for intramuscular fat (IMF) in bovine skeletal muscle as an alternative to traditional estimates of IMF%. Gene expression data from a time course of longissimus muscle (LM) development in high- and low-marbling Bos taurus cattle crosses were compared to identify genes involved in intramuscular adipocyte ...
Xu Chunxiu - - 2013
A novel three-dimensional hydrodynamic focusing microfluidic device integrated with high-throughput cell sampling and detection of intracellular contents is presented. It has a pivotal role in maintaining the reducing environment in cells. Intracellular reducing species such as vitamin C and glutathione in normal and tumor cells were labeled by a newly ...
Runemark Anna - - 2013
Sexually selected traits are often condition-dependent and are expected to be affected by genome-wide distributed deleterious mutations and inbreeding. However, sexual selection is a powerful selective force that can counteract inbreeding through purging of deleterious mutations. Inbreeding and purging of the inbreeding load for sexually selected traits has rarely been ...
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