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Results 501 - 550 of 2997
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Amaro George - - 2013
Among pests that have recently been introduced into the Americas, the red palm mite, Raoiella indica Hirst (Prostigmata: Tenuipalpidae), is the most invasive. This mite has spread rapidly to several Caribbean countries, United States of America, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil. The potential dispersion of R. indica to other regions ...
Hensgens T B - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: A somatic disorder may initially be overlooked when a child presents with psychiatric symptoms. We report two children with anorexia nervosa as initial diagnosis and in whom there was a delay in the final diagnosis of the underlying malignancy. A literature survey was performed including patients under 18 years of ...
Zou Na - - 2013
Pancreatic beta cells act as glucose sensors, in which intracellular ATP ([ATP](i)) are altered with glucose concentration change. The characterization of voltage-gated sodium channels under different [ATP](i) remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that increasing [ATP](i) within a certain range of concentrations (2-8 mM) significantly enhanced the voltage-gated sodium channel currents, compared ...
Sullivan A L - - 2013
Study design:Cross-sectional study.Objectives:To examine predictors of oral health in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:Ninety-two people with SCI (6 months, 44% cervical level) completed questionnaires and underwent oral examination. Socio-economic, injury-related and oral habits variables were used for predicting Oral Health Score (OHS); Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) score; ...
Guardia Pablo - - 2013
Metal-semiconductor nanocrystal heterostructures are model systems for understanding the interplay between the localized surface plasmon resonances in the metal domain and the relaxation of the excited carriers in the semiconductor domain. Here we report the synthesis of colloidal Au2Cd (core)/CdSe (shell) nanocrystal heterostructures, which were characterized extensively with several structural ...
Allerson M W - - 2013
Influenza A viruses are common causes of respiratory disease in pigs and can be transmitted among multiple host species, including humans. The current lack of published information on infection dynamics of influenza viruses within swine herds hinders the ability to make informed animal health, biosecurity and surveillance programme decisions. The ...
Colgan Sean P SP Department of Medicine and Mucosal Inflammation Program, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12700 East 19th Ave., MS B-146, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2013
Nucleosides such as adenosine (Ado) influence nearly every aspect of physiology and pathophysiology. Extracellular nucleotides liberated at local sites of inflammation are metabolized through regulated phosphohydrolysis by a series of ecto-nucleotidases including ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (CD39) and ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73), found on the surface of a variety of cell types. Once ...
Rinaldi I - - 2013
Ion beams exhibit a finite range and an inverted depth-dose profile, the Bragg peak. These favorable physical properties allow excellent tumor-dose conformality. However, they introduce sensitivity to range uncertainties. Although these uncertainties are typically taken into account in treatment planning, delivery of the intended dose to the patient has to ...
Soon Ying W - - 2013
The photostability of two donor polymers, DPP-TT-T and PTB7, is compared in neat films and blend films with PC(71)BM. In both neat and blend films, PTB7 is shown to be relatively unstable. This observation is shown to correlate with transient optical studies of long lived polymer triplets and with molecular ...
Chen Yi-Ping - - 2013
Heavy metals have long-term adverse impacts on the health of soil ecosystems and even exhibit hazardous influences on human health. Literatures have shown that heavy metals could result in the reduction of crops growth and development and finally result in crops production decline. To determine whether or not ultrasonic vibration ...
Mueller Scott N - - 2013
T-cell responses are initiated within secondary lymphoid organs, and effector T-cells are released into the circulation where they home to inflamed tissues and mediate protective immune responses. Within non-lymphoid tissues, the types of cellular interactions and the dynamics that lead to clearance of infections are still relatively poorly understood. Here ...
Protić Dragana - - 2013
We investigated the effects of resveratrol on rat portal vein (RPV) contractility without endothelium. Contractions were produced by electrical field stimulation of perivascular nerves (EFS), norepinephrine (NE), adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), high K(+) solution and by calcium chloride (CaCl(2) ) in Ca(2+) -free and high K(+) , Ca(2+) -free solution. The ...
Wu Yanying - - 2013
A dopamine (DA) sensor based on a methoxypolyethylene glycol (MPEG) polymer covalently modified glass carbon electrode (GCE) was fabricated by an electroadsorption method. The electrochemical behavior of the sensor towards the catalytic oxidation of DA in pH 5.0 phosphate buffer solution (PBS) was investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The modified electrode ...
Jusková Petra - - 2013
We present a generation of electrochemiluminescence (ECL) signal, based on square shaped gold electrodes with a size of 50 μm positioned inside a fused silica capillary. The ECL was generated using electric pulses with duration in the range from 100 ms to 5 s and an electrical field strength from ...
Fernandez-Teruel C - - 2013
Abstract 1. The objective was to characterize the in vivo absorption and bioavailability (BA) of a low solubility, high permeability fluoroquinolone (CNV97101) that precipitates in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract by mathematical modeling approach. 2. In situ rat intestinal perfusion studies were performed to characterize the absorption mechanism. The oral fraction ...
Kerridge Andrew - - 2013
The restricted-active-space self-consistent-field methodology is successfully applied to the study of free base- and regular metalloporphyrins, the latter containing magnesium and zinc central ions. It is shown that inclusion of all excitations involving the Gouterman frontier orbitals in the RAS2 subspace results in a numerically stable approach, producing highly accurate ...
Esser D - - 2013
Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) have been well established in all three domains of life and were shown to play essential roles, e.g., in intermediary metabolism and detoxification. In the genome of Sulfolobus solfataricus, five paralogs of the aldehyde dehydrogenases superfamily were identified, however, so far only the non-phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPN) ...
Anwar Khaleeq - - 2013
Vehicular air pollution is a mounting health issue of the modern age, particularly in urban populations of the developing nations. Auto-rickshaws are not considered eco-friendly as to their inefficient engines producing large amount of particulate matter (PM), thus posing significant environmental threat. The present study was conducted to ascertain the ...
Heo Cheol Ho - - 2013
We report a small molecule two-photon probe (SAD1) that shows a significant TP action cross section (170 GM), binds to Aβ plaques specifically, readily enters the brain through the BBB, and can directly 3D monitor the individual Aβ plaque in living transgenic mice at more than 380 μm depths.
Alpsar Dilek - - 2013
In Turkey, the first HIV/AIDS case was reported in 1985. Since then the number of persons with HIV infection has increased, HIV is getting a public health problem. The aim of this study was to determine HIV-1 subtype diversity, drug resistance and gag cleavage site mutations among 20 HIV-infected men ...
Lee Sangwoo - - 2013
A short and wide lower face is perceived as unattractive and masculine. Simply contouring the mandibular body and angle is insufficient to make the lower face with short and wide features slimmer and more feminine. In many cases, vertical elongation of the chin together with a bone graft is necessary. ...
Kühl S - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate whether bone marrow aspirates (BMA) and concentrates (BMAC) influence the grafts' stability when added to deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) within the first 6 months after maxillary sinus augmentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 26 CT data of 13 patients undergoing bilateral maxillary sinus ...
Silverpil Elin E 1Lung Immunology Group, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition/Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2013
It is now established that IL-17 has a broad pro-inflammatory potential in mammalian host defense, in inflammatory disease and in autoimmunity, whereas little is known about its anti-inflammatory potential and inhibitory feedback mechanisms. Here, we examined whether IL-17A can inhibit the extracellular release of IL-23 protein, the upstream regulator of ...
Boechi Leonardo L Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Analítica, y Química Física/Inquimae-Conicet, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellon 2, C1428EHA Buenos Aires, - - 2013
Since the elucidation of the myoglobin (Mb) structure, a histidine residue on the E helix (His-E7) has been proposed to act as a gate with an open or closed conformation controlling access to the active site. Although it is believed that at low pH, the His-E7 gate is in its ...
Wegehaupt Florian J - - 2013
Abstract Objective. To test the durability of sealants applied for prevention of erosive dentine mineral loss under erosive/abrasive conditions. Methods. Forty-eight bovine dentine samples doped with (32)P were randomly allocated to four groups (1-4). All samples performed a de- and remineralizations pre-cycling (6 × 1 min erosion in HCl: pH ...
Palmer Vanessa M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer, and incompletely excised BCC is a commonly encountered clinical scenario. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of histologic and clinical evidence of residual BCC at Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) for the treatment of incompletely excised BCC. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One ...
Zhao Qing - - 2013
An efficient method for sterically demanding Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions has been developed with two catalysts, Pd/BI-DIME and Pd/2. The Pd/BI-DIME catalyst facilitates the syntheses of extremely hindered biaryls bearing ortho-isopropyl substituents. The Pd/2 catalyst is efficient for the synthesis of functionalized tetra-ortho-substituted biaryls at low catalyst loadings.
Yoshizawa Takahiro - - 2013
Adrenomedullin (AM) was identified as a vasodilating and hypotensive peptide mainly produced by the cardiovascular system. The AM receptor calcitonin receptor-like receptor associates with receptor activity-modifying protein (RAMP), one of the subtypes of regulatory proteins. Among knockout mice ((-/-)) of RAMPs, only RAMP2(-/-) is embryonically lethal with cardiovascular abnormalities that ...
Milette Jonathan - - 2013
The molecular interactions driving the assembly of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in a nematic liquid crystal (LC) are directly detected by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and thermodynamically analyzed. The orientational orders of the selectively deuterated LC matrix and AuNP ligands, each separately followed by variable temperature 2H NMR as a ...
Casacuberta Elena - - 2013
Transposable elements (TEs) play an important role in the responsive capacity of their hosts in the face of environmental challenges. The variety of mechanisms by which TEs influence the capacity of adaptation of the host is as large as the variety of TEs and host genomes. For example, TEs might ...
Bähring Steffen - - 2013
The study of preorganization in receptors, particularly in cooperative receptors, and their reversible control by external stimuli is important for elucidating design strategies that can lead to increased sensitivity and external control of molecular recognition. In this work we present the design, synthesis, and operation of an asymmetric tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-calix[4]pyrrole ...
Slominski Andrzej A Department of Pathology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, - - 2013
There is no effective treatment for systemic sclerosis and related fibrosing diseases. Recently the action of CYP11A1 on vitamin D(3) was shown to produce biologically active 20S-hydroxyvitamin D [20(OH)D(3)] and 20,23(OH)(2)D(3), 20,22(OH)(2)D(3), and 17,20,23(OH)(3)D(3). Because 20(OH)D(3) is noncalcemic (nontoxic) in vivo at very high doses, we evaluated its antifibrogenic activities ...
Foley K-R - - 2013
AIM: To investigate the relationship between functioning and post-school day occupation for young adults with Down syndrome. METHODS: Families of young people with Down syndrome (n = 269) aged 15-30 years in 2009 were recruited from the population-based Down syndrome 'Needs Opinion Wishes' database in Western Australia. Questionnaires were mailed ...
Ilyushin Denis G - - 2013
The creation of effective bioscavengers as a pretreatment for exposure to nerve agents is a challenging medical objective. We report a recombinant method using chemical polysialylation to generate bioscavengers stable in the bloodstream. Development of a CHO-based expression system using genes encoding human butyrylcholinesterase and a proline-rich peptide under elongation ...
Fischer Carrie D - - 2013
Recent evidence indicates that immunomodulation by antibiotics may enhance their clinical efficacy. Specifically, drug-induced leukocyte apoptosis and macrophage efferocytosis have been shown to promote the resolution of inflammation in a variety of disease settings. Tulathromycin is a new macrolide antibiotic for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease. The direct antimicrobial ...
Marr R - - 2013
This case report describes the management of a patient, diagnosed with an intrauterine death at 31 weeks' gestation, who suffered a cardiorespiratory arrest during her induced labour while using a remifentanil PCA. She made a full recovery from resuscitation which included a peri-mortem caesarean section.
de Petris Giulia - - 2013
The H(.) -atom transfer (HAT) reaction is investigated in the gas phase, starting from two different entrance channels, O(2) (.) (+) /CH(2) X(2) and CH(2) X(2) (.) (+) /O(2) (X=F, Cl), that correspond to a step of hydride transfer and to HAT, respectively. Analysis of the spin and charge along ...
Faber Jennifer - - 2013
SUMMARY: Several studies reported changes in white matter architecture following temporal lobe surgery in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) at short intervals after surgery. We investigated 20 patients with left-sided TLE using diffusion-imaging at two time points, that is, at 3-6 months and 12 months after surgery, to investigate postsurgical plasticity. ...
Jemal Ahmedin - - 2013
The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate annually to provide updates on cancer incidence and death rates and trends in these outcomes for the United States. This year's ...
Gao Zhao - - 2013
Novel violet: The material M2, which is based on phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazole and carbazole, has a narrow band in the electroluminescence emission spectrum that results in saturated violet light emission. The CIE of a non-doped device can reach (0.166, 0.056) with an external efficiency of 3.02 %.
Pabón-Mora Natalia - - 2013
The APETALA1/ FRUITFULL (AP1/FUL) MADS-box transcription factors are best known for the role of AP1 in Arabidopsis sepal and petal identity, the canonical A-function of the ABC model of flower development. However, this gene lineage underwent multiple duplication events during angiosperm evolution, providing different taxa with unique gene complements. One ...
Turk Emin - - 2013
The breast is as aesthetically important as it is physiologically. Physicians and women have practiced various methods for breast aesthetics and augmentation. We report a female veterinarian who injected fish oil into her breast, which led to inflammation and necrosis of breast tissue. When all medical therapies failed, bilateral subcutaneous ...
Kim Junho - - 2013
Human mesenchymal stem or stromal cell (hMSC) therapies have promise across a wide range of diseases. However, inefficient cell delivery and low cell survival at injury sites reduce efficacy and are the major barriers in hMSC-based therapy. Formation of three-dimensional (3D) hMSC aggregates has been found to activate hMSC functions ...
Mamolo C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease with a significant impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Tofacitinib (CP-690,550) is a novel, oral Janus kinase inhibitor that is being investigated as a targeted immunomodulator. OBJECTIVE: This Phase 2b study assessed three tofacitinib dosage regimens vs. placebo to characterize the ...
Jendzjowsky Nicholas G NG Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, E-435 Van Vliet Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2H9. - - 2013
We tested the hypothesis that short-term mild- (M) and heavy-intensity (H) exercise training would enhance sympatholysis through a nitric oxide (NO)-dependent mechanism. Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 36) were randomly assigned to sedentary (S) or to M (20 m min(-1) 5% gradient) or H exercise training groups (40 m min(-1) 5% ...
Lu Shenci - - 2013
Enantioselective: The first highly enantioselective kinetic resolution of 3-hydroxy-3-substituted oxindoles has been developed through oxidative esterification catalyzed by a N-heterocyclic carbene. This method uses a simple procedure and provides 3-hydroxy-oxindoles with various substituents at the 3-position in excellent enantiopurity.
Stella Florindo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Apathy is a frequent neuropsychiatric condition in neurodegenerative disorders, depression, and often in mild cognitive impairment. The Apathy Inventory (AI) is a reliable instrument for improving the accuracy of the apathy diagnosis. The aim was to establish the validity of the Apathy Inventory for the Brazilian community. METHODS: We ...
Yu Peng - - 2013
The first manganese member in a Pb-M-In-Q system, PbMnIn(2)S(5), has been discovered by a high-temperature solid-state reaction. It adopts a Sr(2)Tl(2)O(5) structure type in orthorhombic space group Cmcm (No. 63) with a = 3.896(2) Å, b = 12.731(7) Å, c = 15.770(9) Å, and Z = 1. The structure consists ...
Montrose David C DC Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College , New York, NY 10065, - - 2013
Signaling through sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor₁ (S1P₁) promotes blood vessel barrier function. Degradation of S1P₁ results in increased vascular permeability in the lung and may explain side effects associated with administration of FTY720, a functional antagonist of the S1P₁ receptor that is currently used to treat multiple sclerosis. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is ...
Chen Aileen B AB Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, 450 Brookline Ave, D1111, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2013
Randomized data suggest that single-fraction or short-course palliative radiation therapy (RT) is sufficient in the majority of patients with metastatic cancer. We investigated population-based patterns in the use of palliative RT among patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). From patients diagnosed with lung cancer from 2003 to 2005 at ...
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