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Results 401 - 450 of 3975
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Bennour Ayda - - 2013
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is genetically characterized by a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 15 and 17, t(15;17)(q22;q21), which results in the fusion gene PML-RARA. A small proportion of patients with APL have complex or simple variants of this translocation. With conventional cytogenetic methods, these translocations are detected in about 70-90 % ...
Acharya U Rajendra - - 2013
In the case of carotid atherosclerosis, to avoid unnecessary surgeries in asymptomatic patients, it is necessary to develop a technique to effectively differentiate symptomatic and asymptomatic plaques. In this paper, we have presented a data mining framework that characterizes the textural differences in these two classes using several grayscale features ...
Saha Naresh - - 2013
Photo-crosslinkable polyelectrolyte films whose nanomechanical properties can be varied under UV light illumination, were prepared from poly(L-lysine) (PLL) and a hyaluronan derivative modified with photoreactive vinylbenzyl groups (HAVB). The adhesion and the growth of two model bacteria, namely Escherichia coli and Lactococcus lactis, were studied on non-crosslinked and crosslinked films ...
He Li - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 oncoprotein-induced angiogenesis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: NSCLC cells (A549 and NCI-H460) transfected with EGFP plasmids containing HPV-16 E6 or E7 oncogene were treated with different concentrations of EGCG for 16 h. ...
Chen Yong-Ru - - 2013
Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is one member of the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2)-like family of proteins involved in glucose homeostasis in mammals. It has been reported that SIRT1 modulates endocrine signaling of glucose and fat homeostasis by regulating transcription factors such as forkhead transcription factor 3a (FOXO3a), glucose transporter 4 ...
Varela Z - - 2013
In this study, we investigated whether the terrestrial moss Pseudoscleropodium purum can be used to biomonitor atmospheric deposition of nitrogen (N). For this purpose, we first determined whether there are any interspecific differences in the concentrations of total N and δ(15)N between the two species of terrestrial moss most commonly ...
Protzel C - - 2013
Penile carcinoma is fortunately a relatively rare disease in central Europe because advanced tumor stages are incurable. However, this rarity results in disadvantages for those affected because data from large series as an evidence basis are rare, the formulation of guidelines is often correspondingly vague and research funding for therapy ...
Lu Xuehong - - 2013
Clay-based functional hydrogels were facilely prepared via a bio-inspired approach. Montmorillonite (clay) was exfoliated into single layers in water, and then coated with a thin layer of polydopamine (PDOPA) via in situ polymerization of dopamine under basic aqueous condition. When a small amount of ferric salt was added into aqueous ...
Liying Jiang - - 2013
Variants in the SMAD family member 3 (SMAD3) have recently been reported to be associated with osteoarthritis (OA) in European populations. However, the results are contestable. To assess the role of such variants in SMAD3 in OA susceptibility in peripheral joints OA, we conducted a case-control study in a Northeast ...
Wakasugi Minako - - 2013
Incidence of hip fracture in dialysis patients is significantly higher than that in the general population. As information is lacking about Asian dialysis patients, we compared the incidence of hip fracture in hemodialysis patients with that in the general population in Japan. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using panel ...
Yin Zhihua - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of new non-coding RNA, which may play a more important role in the pathogenesis of human cancers. Rs2910164 in miR-146a and rs3746444 in miR-499 are shown to be associated with increased/decreased cancer risk. We performed a meta-analysis to systematically summarize the possible association. We retrieved ...
Dapri G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Primary and incisional hernia can be repaired by multitrocar laparoscopy. Single-access laparoscopy (SAL) recently gained interest to decrease the invasiveness and to reduce the abdominal trauma, besides improved cosmetic results. The authors report first 50 patients who consulted for primary and incisional hernia and treated by SAL prosthetic repair. ...
Nguyen Thanh D - - 2013
Electromechanical effects are ubiquitous in biological and materials systems. Understanding the fundamentals of these coupling phenomena is critical to devising next-generation electromechanical transducers. Piezoelectricity has been studied in detail, in both the bulk and at mesoscopic scales. Recently, an increasing amount of attention has been paid to flexoelectricity: electrical polarization ...
Kapp Julie M - - 2013
To our knowledge, ours is the first study to report on Facebook advertising as an exclusive mechanism for recruiting women ages 35-49 years residing in the USA into a health-related research study. We directed our survey to women ages 35-49 years who resided in the USA exclusively using three Facebook advertisements. Women ...
Abd El Maksoud W - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether modified darn repair (MDR) is comparable to Lichtenstein procedure (LP) in the treatment of primary inguinal hernia, regarding chronic postoperative pain and recurrence. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-seven male patients with primary inguinal hernia were randomly allocated into two groups: ...
Ren Fangyuan - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the multi-modality imaging presentation of the pancreatic retention cyst (PRC) with pathologic correlation. METHODS: Imaging data including CT, MRI, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and EUS guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in fifteen patients (five males and ten females; mean age, 44.5 years) with pathologically ...
King A L - - 2013
The presence of copper and iron in metal-doped wool has been shown previously to be associated with the production of free radicals and yellowing in photo-irradiated wool. In this study, the yellowness and trace metal content of 700 wool samples was measured to determine if photoyellowing, catalysed by metals, is ...
Qi Weixiao - - 2013
In this study, surface water samples from the Wenyu River and the North Canal, effluent from major wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Beijing, and wastewater from open sewers that discharge directly into the river system were collected and analyzed for 16 priority USEPA polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Concentrations of these ...
Hou Guofang - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical, pathological, and prognostic characteristics of breast cancer patients with diabetes. In total, the study included 1,013 breast cancer patients with diabetes and 4,621 breast cancer patients without diabetes. Patients with diabetes were further divided into the metformin- and nonmetformin-treated subgroups. ...
Souers Andrew J - - 2013
Proteins in the B cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) family are key regulators of the apoptotic process. This family comprises proapoptotic and prosurvival proteins, and shifting the balance toward the latter is an established mechanism whereby cancer cells evade apoptosis. The therapeutic potential of directly inhibiting prosurvival proteins was unveiled with ...
Kiszkielis Marta - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of a topical form of a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor (dorzolamide) on the foveal function and thickness in the eye of a patient with enhanced S-cone syndrome (ESCS) associated with macular cysts. METHODS: Twenty-eight-year-old Polish man with ESCS and macular ...
Vishwanath Divya - - 2013
Adipocytes play a vital role in glucose metabolism. 3T3 L1 pre adipocytes after differentiation to adipocytes serve as excellent in vitro models and are useful tools in understanding the glucose metabolism. The traditional approaches adopted in pre adipocyte differentiation are lengthy exercises involving the usage of IBMX and Dexamethasone. Any ...
Nichols Joan E - - 2013
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Nervous system injuries comprise a diverse group of disorders that include traumatic brain injury (TBI). The potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to differentiate into neural cell types has aroused hope for the possible development of autologous therapies for central nervous system injury. METHODS: In this study we ...
Brynildsen Mark P - - 2013
The ever-increasing incidence of antibiotic-resistant infections combined with a weak pipeline of new antibiotics has created a global public health crisis. Accordingly, novel strategies for enhancing our antibiotic arsenal are needed. As antibiotics kill bacteria in part by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS), we reasoned that targeting microbial ROS production ...
You Seo-Hee - - 2013
Histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) is an epigenome-modifying enzyme that is required for normal mouse development and tissue-specific functions. In vitro, HDAC3 protein itself has minimal enzyme activity but gains its histone-deacetylation function from stable association with the conserved deacetylase-activating domain (DAD) contained in nuclear receptor co-repressors NCOR1 and SMRT. Here ...
Ramaswami Gokul - - 2013
We show that RNA editing sites can be called with high confidence using RNA sequencing data from multiple samples across either individuals or species, without the need for matched genomic DNA sequence. We identified many previously unidentified editing sites in both humans and Drosophila; our results nearly double the known ...
Miller Russell A - - 2013
Glucose production by the liver is essential for providing a substrate for the brain during fasting. The inability of insulin to suppress hepatic glucose output is a major aetiological factor in the hyperglycaemia of type-2 diabetes mellitus and other diseases of insulin resistance. For fifty years, one of the few ...
Ji Qingyong - - 2013
Myelin presentation to T cells in the central nervous system (CNS) sustains inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS). CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells contribute to MS, but only cells that present myelin to CD4(+) T cells have been identified. We show that MHC class I-restricted myelin basic protein (MBP) was presented ...
Berndsen Christopher E - - 2013
It is widely accepted that ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes contain an active site asparagine that serves as an oxyanion hole, thereby stabilizing a negatively charged transition state intermediate and promoting ubiquitin transfer. Using structural and biochemical approaches to study the role of the conserved asparagine to ubiquitin conjugation by Ubc13-Mms2, we conclude ...
James Lindsey I - - 2013
We describe the discovery of UNC1215, a potent and selective chemical probe for the methyllysine (Kme) reading function of L3MBTL3, a member of the malignant brain tumor (MBT) family of chromatin-interacting transcriptional repressors. UNC1215 binds L3MBTL3 with a K(d) of 120 nM, competitively displacing mono- or dimethyllysine-containing peptides, and is ...
Chen Leilei - - 2013
A better understanding of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) pathogenesis at the molecular level will facilitate the discovery of tumor-initiating events. Transcriptome sequencing revealed that adenosine-to-inosine (A→I) RNA editing of AZIN1 (encoding antizyme inhibitor 1) is increased in HCC specimens. A→I editing of AZIN1 transcripts, specifically regulated by ADAR1 (encoding adenosine ...
Rangarajan Erumbi S - - 2013
The F-actin-binding cytoskeletal protein α-catenin interacts with β-catenin-cadherin complexes and stabilizes cell-cell junctions. The β-catenin-α-catenin complex cannot bind F-actin, whereas interactions of α-catenin with the cytoskeletal protein vinculin appear to be necessary to stabilize adherens junctions. Here we report the crystal structure of nearly full-length human α-catenin at 3.7-Å resolution. ...
Kirino Yohei - - 2013
Individuals with Behçet's disease suffer from episodic inflammation often affecting the orogenital mucosa, skin and eyes. To discover new susceptibility loci for Behçet's disease, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 779,465 SNPs with imputed genotypes in 1,209 Turkish individuals with Behçet's disease and 1,278 controls. We identified new ...
Peck Yvonne - - 2013
Three-dimensionally (3D) engineered biomimetic tissue models are sought after due to their high fidelity in mimicking various native tissues of the human body, this quality of which gives them an important role at the forefront of drug discovery and development. A multitude of studies have consistently indicated that gene expression ...
Jain Narendra K - - 2013
Targeted drug delivery to the macrophages appears to be an attractive proposition to improve therapeutic efficacy of enclosed drug. Thus, macrophages can be exploited as Trojan horses for targeted drug delivery. Nanocarriers can migrate across the different membrane barriers and release their drug cargo at sites of infection. This review ...
Wenglowsky Steve - - 2013
Numerous heterocycles occur as recurring motifs in the design of kinase inhibitors. Pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine has proved particularly versatile due to its ability to interact with kinases via multiple binding modes. As such, this scaffold has been claimed for kinase inhibition in many patents originating from several companies and universities, and these ...
Fareed Jawed - - 2013
Antithrombotics are one of the most commonly prescribed classes of medication around the world. The thienopyridines are an integral part of antithrombotic therapy and are prescribed for various indications including acute coronary syndrome, peripheral vascular disease and cerebrovascular disease. These drugs have distinct metabolic pathways, which lead to the formation ...
Galvez Jorge - - 2013
Nowadays the use of antihistamines (AH) is increasing steadily. These drugs are able to act on a variety of pathological conditions of the organism. A number of computer-aided (in silico) approaches have been developed to discover and develop novel AH drugs. Among these methods stand the ones based on drug-receptor ...
Pfefferkorn Jeffrey A - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) represents a rapidly expanding healthcare challenge. There is a significant need for novel therapies to help patients achieve and maintain glycemic control in order to avoid the long-term microvascular and macrovascular complications associated with the disease. Small molecule allosteric activators of the glucokinase enzyme, an ...
Zhang Zhiping - - 2013
Paclitaxel (PTX) is one of the most effective broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of cancers. However, its clinical application has been limited due to its poor water solubility. Its current clinical administration uses the adjuvant of serious side effects and has undesired pharmacokinetics and biodistribution. There is, thus, a ...
Kluin Otto S - - 2013
Chronic osteomyelitis, or bone infection, is a major worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality, as it is exceptionally hard to treat due to patient and pathogen-associated factors. Successful treatment requires surgical debridement together with long-term, high antibiotic concentrations that are best achieved by local delivery devices, either made of degradable ...
Rossi Filippo - - 2013
Spinal cord disorders (SCDs) are among the most devastating neurological diseases, due to their acute and long-term health consequences, the reduced quality of life and the high economic impact on society. Here, drug administration is severely limited by the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) that impedes to reach the cord from ...
Ferreira Vitor F - - 2013
The triazoles represent a class of five-membered heterocyclic compounds of great importance for the preparation of new drugs with diverse biological activities because they may present several structural variations with the same numbers of carbon and nitrogen atoms. Due to the success of various triazoles that entered the pharmaceutical market ...
Li Yan - - 2013
The flavonoids are a large group of dietary plant compounds with suggested health benefits. There is accumulating evidence that many of these flavonoids can interact with the major drug transporters (and metabolizing enzymes) in the body, leading to alterations in the pharmacokinetics of substrate drugs, and thus their efficacy and ...
Smetana Karel K - - 2013
One route of translating the information encoded in the glycan chains of cellular glycoconjugates into physiological effects is via receptor (lectin) binding. A family of endogenous lectins, sharing folding, a distinct sequence signature and affinity for β-galactosides (thus termed galectins), does so effectively in a context-dependent manner. An overview is ...
Supply Philip P Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale INSERM U1019, Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille, Lille, France. - - 2013
Global spread and limited genetic variation are hallmarks of M. tuberculosis, the agent of human tuberculosis. In contrast, Mycobacterium canettii and related tubercle bacilli that also cause human tuberculosis and exhibit unusual smooth colony morphology are restricted to East Africa. Here, we sequenced and analyzed the whole genomes of five ...
Glickfeld Lindsey L LL Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Neurons in primary sensory cortex have diverse response properties, whereas higher cortical areas are specialized. Specific connectivity may be important for areal specialization, particularly in the mouse, where neighboring neurons are functionally diverse. To examine whether higher visual areas receive functionally specific input from primary visual cortex (V1), we used ...
Prokunina-Olsson Ludmila L Laboratory of Translational Genomics, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2013
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer. We performed RNA sequencing in primary human hepatocytes activated with synthetic double-stranded RNA to mimic HCV infection. Upstream of IFNL3 (IL28B) on chromosome 19q13.13, we discovered a new transiently induced region that harbors a ...
Leblond Francois F Department of Pharmacology, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2013
We aimed to evaluate the lasting functional imprinting of exercise (EX) and catechin (CAT) on the vascular function of middle-age mice switched to a proatherogenic environment. C57BL/6J mice (n = 10-15 in each group) fed a regular diet (RD) were exposed from the age of 1 to 9 months either to EX (voluntary ...
Choi Hak Soo HS Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
The signal-to-background ratio (SBR) is the key determinant of sensitivity, detectability and linearity in optical imaging. As signal strength is often constrained by fundamental limits, background reduction becomes an important approach for improving the SBR. We recently reported that a zwitterionic near-infrared (NIR) fluorophore, ZW800-1, exhibits low background. Here we ...
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