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Satish Latha L Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2013
Dupuytren's contracture (DC) is a fibroproliferative disorder of unknown etiology characterized by a scar-like contracture that develops in the palm and/or digits. We have previously reported that the eta subunit of the chaperonin containing T-complex polypeptide (CCT-eta) is increased in fibrotic wound healing, and is essential for the accumulation of ...
Choi Hak Soo HS Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2013
The signal-to-background ratio (SBR) is the key determinant of sensitivity, detectability and linearity in optical imaging. As signal strength is often constrained by fundamental limits, background reduction becomes an important approach for improving the SBR. We recently reported that a zwitterionic near-infrared (NIR) fluorophore, ZW800-1, exhibits low background. Here we ...
Kumar Ajay - - 2013
An investigation was carried out to develop an efficient micropropagation protocol for Catharanthus roseus. Experiments were conducted to optimize suitable media for in vitro shoot multiplication and root induction. Out of the different media compared for in vitro shoot multiplication, Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1 mg/l of 6-benzylaminopurine ...
Italiano Antoine - - 2013
Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare and aggressive malignancy with poor outcome occurring in adolescents and young adults. Therapeutic options for patients with advanced disease are limited. Preclinical studies have shown that VEGFR-2 and VEGFA are overexpressed in DSRCT and that DSRCT xenografts were highly responsive to ...
Wang Qi - - 2013
RLIP76, a GTPase-activating protein, is a central regulator in multiple pathways that respond to redox states and control cell growth, motility, division, and apoptosis in many malignant cancer cells. In this study, human glioblastoma cell lines U87 and U251 were stably transfected with a lentivirus vector expressing a short hairpin ...
Kaib Nathan A - - 2013
Nearly half the exoplanets found within binary star systems reside in very wide binaries with average stellar separations greater than 1,000 astronomical units (one astronomical unit (au) being the Earth-Sun distance), yet the influence of such distant binary companions on planetary evolution remains largely unstudied. Unlike their tighter counterparts, the ...
Ploog Bertram O - - 2013
Pigeons learned a series of reversals of a simultaneous red-green discrimination with a 6-s delay of reinforcement. The signal properties during the 6-s reinforcement delay were varied across blocks of reversals, such that the delay was either unsignaled (intertrial interval conditions during the delay) or signaled by illumination of the ...
Nurgalieva Z Z - - 2013
While large differences by race/ethnicity in breast cancer survival are well established, it is unknown whether differences in quality of chemotherapy delivered explain the racial/ethnic disparities in survival among black, Hispanic, Asian, and white women with breast cancer. We evaluated factors associated with time to initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy and ...
Lou Wenjia - - 2013
It has been demonstrated that numerous microRNAs (miRNAs) have potent tumor-suppressing effects on a variety of cancers, implicating a possible application of miRNA in tumor therapy. Oncolytic adenovirus is a suitable vector to deliver tumor suppressor genes for treatment of cancers. However, it remains unknown whether co-expression of tumor suppressor ...
Abolmaali Samira Sadat - - 2013
PURPOSE: Methotrexate (MTX) is one of the most widely studied and effective therapeutics agents available to treat many solid tumors, hematologic malignancies, and autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis; however, the poor pharmacokinetic and narrow safety margin of the drug limits the therapeutic outcomes of conventional drug delivery systems. For ...
Mache Stefanie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine relations and influences between work-related factors, personal resources, work engagement and work ability of surgeons working in German hospitals. METHODS: The study was conducted as a cross-sectional survey investigation. We used the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire and ...
Supply Philip P Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale INSERM U1019, Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille, Lille, France. - - 2013
Global spread and limited genetic variation are hallmarks of M. tuberculosis, the agent of human tuberculosis. In contrast, Mycobacterium canettii and related tubercle bacilli that also cause human tuberculosis and exhibit unusual smooth colony morphology are restricted to East Africa. Here, we sequenced and analyzed the whole genomes of five ...
King A L - - 2013
The presence of copper and iron in metal-doped wool has been shown previously to be associated with the production of free radicals and yellowing in photo-irradiated wool. In this study, the yellowness and trace metal content of 700 wool samples was measured to determine if photoyellowing, catalysed by metals, is ...
Ferreira Vitor F - - 2013
The triazoles represent a class of five-membered heterocyclic compounds of great importance for the preparation of new drugs with diverse biological activities because they may present several structural variations with the same numbers of carbon and nitrogen atoms. Due to the success of various triazoles that entered the pharmaceutical market ...
Chan I H Y - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: With advances in clinical medicine, many premature babies nowadays can have excellent survival outcomes. As the incidence of inguinal hernias in this group is high and there is scarce data in the literature regarding the optimal timing for repair, this study aims to review our experience in laparoscopic repair ...
Chen Wei-Yu - - 2013
The ablative fractional laser is a new modality used for surgical resurfacing. It is expected that laser treatment can generally deliver drugs into and across the skin, which is toxicologically relevant. The aim of this study was to establish skin absorption characteristics of antibiotics, sunscreens, and macromolecules via laser-treated skin ...
Javeri Arash - - 2013
MicroRNA-34 family has anti-proliferative and apoptotic roles. Recent studies have shown that p53 upregulates miR-34 family leading to direct repression of several key oncogenes. Inactivation of miR-34a has been reported in multiple types of malignancies including breast cancer. The critical role of miR-34a in p53-mediated cell cycle arrest and apoptosis ...
Qi Weixiao - - 2013
In this study, surface water samples from the Wenyu River and the North Canal, effluent from major wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Beijing, and wastewater from open sewers that discharge directly into the river system were collected and analyzed for 16 priority USEPA polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Concentrations of these ...
Hou Guofang - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical, pathological, and prognostic characteristics of breast cancer patients with diabetes. In total, the study included 1,013 breast cancer patients with diabetes and 4,621 breast cancer patients without diabetes. Patients with diabetes were further divided into the metformin- and nonmetformin-treated subgroups. ...
Chow Maria Yui Kwan - - 2013
PURPOSE: Childhood illness or disability can affect the quality of life (QoL) of the child's primary caregiver. Our aim was to identify, describe the content and systematically review the psychometric properties of condition-specific QoL questionnaires for caregivers of children. METHODS: Medline, PsycInfo, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane library databases were ...
Lowenthal Mark S - - 2013
A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based method was developed for qualitative characterization of metabolites found in Vaccinium fruit (berry) dietary supplement Standard Reference Materials (SRMs). Definitive identifications are provided for 98 unique metabolites determined among six Vaccinium-related SRMs. Metabolites were enriched using an organic liquid/liquid extraction, and derivatized prior to GC-MS ...
González-Moreno J - - 2013
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a noninflammatory nonatherosclerotic vascular disease. It is the second cause of renovascular hypertension after atherosclerosis. Although FMD usually has a good prognosis, renal infarctions and artery dissections have been described. We present the case of a 38-year-old woman with hypertension and asymptomatic bilateral renal infarctions. Bilateral ...
Spencer Benjamin A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Palliative issues are an important but understudied issue for patients with advanced cancer. Ureteral obstruction is a complication of advanced prostate cancer, usually relieved with placement of retrograde ureteral stent (RUS) or percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) to palliate symptoms associated with obstructive uropathy and/or renal failure. We investigated predictors of ...
Brynildsen Mark P - - 2013
The ever-increasing incidence of antibiotic-resistant infections combined with a weak pipeline of new antibiotics has created a global public health crisis. Accordingly, novel strategies for enhancing our antibiotic arsenal are needed. As antibiotics kill bacteria in part by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS), we reasoned that targeting microbial ROS production ...
Nakashima Hiroshi H Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, National Defense Medical College, 3-2 Namiki, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-8513, Japan. - - 2013
The Trp64Arg polymorphism of the beta-3-adrenergic receptor gene has been studied as a potential genetic factor contributing to the development of obesity. Several studies have investigated whether or not this polymorphism affects weight reduction due to exercise, but the results of these studies have not been consistent. Moreover, information on ...
Ren Fangyuan - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate the multi-modality imaging presentation of the pancreatic retention cyst (PRC) with pathologic correlation. METHODS: Imaging data including CT, MRI, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and EUS guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in fifteen patients (five males and ten females; mean age, 44.5 years) with pathologically ...
Pfefferkorn Jeffrey A - - 2013
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) represents a rapidly expanding healthcare challenge. There is a significant need for novel therapies to help patients achieve and maintain glycemic control in order to avoid the long-term microvascular and macrovascular complications associated with the disease. Small molecule allosteric activators of the glucokinase enzyme, an ...
Prokunina-Olsson Ludmila L Laboratory of Translational Genomics, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, US National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. - - 2013
Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer. We performed RNA sequencing in primary human hepatocytes activated with synthetic double-stranded RNA to mimic HCV infection. Upstream of IFNL3 (IL28B) on chromosome 19q13.13, we discovered a new transiently induced region that harbors a ...
Al Chami Ziad - - 2013
The addition of organic matter in soil can modify the bioavailability of heavy metals. A greenhouse pot experiment was carried out using an edible plant species Eruca vesicaria L. Cavalieri grown on an artificially contaminated soil with Zn (665 mg kg(-1)). In this study, the effect of compost at 20 t ha(-1) (C20) and ...
Dubourg G - - 2013
Gut microbiota consists of 10(10) bacteria per gram of stool. Many antibiotic regimens induce a reduction in both the diversity and the abundance of the gut flora. We analyzed one stool sample collected from a patient treated for drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis and who ultimately died from pneumonia due to a ...
Swetz Keith M - - 2013
Mayo Clinic is recognized as a worldwide leader in innovative, high-quality health care. However, the Catholic mission and ideals from which this organization was formed are not widely recognized or known. From partnership with the Sisters of St. Francis in 1883, through restructuring of the Sponsorship Agreement in 1986 and ...
Zhao Lan-Juan - - 2013
Liver/lymph node-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing integrin (L-SIGN) facilitates hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection through interaction with HCV envelope protein E2. Signaling events triggered by the E2 via L-SIGN are poorly understood. Here, kinase cascades of Raf-MEK-ERK pathway were defined upon the E2 treatment in NIH3T3 cells with stable expression of ...
Huilgol Dhananjay - - 2013
The accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) is a critical olfactory structure that has been implicated in mediating social behavior. It receives input from the vomeronasal organ and projects to targets in the amygdaloid complex. Its anterior and posterior components (aAOB and pAOB) display molecular, connectional and functional segregation in processing reproductive ...
Nishina Kazutaka - - 2013
The development of gene silencing therapies for neurological diseases has placed great importance on the delivery of short interfering RNA (siRNA) to the central nervous system (CNS). However, delivery of siRNA to neurons, glia and brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) has not been well established. This editorial describes different approaches ...
Kim Sunghoon - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: High ligation and division of the hernia sac are the two important steps in open pediatric indirect inguinal hernia repair. We describe a laparoscopically assisted method of delivering the hernia sac through a 5-mm micro-incision with complete division and high ligation of the hernia sac similar to the open ...
Akin Yigit - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate if effects of the first single dose of tamsulosin 0.4 mg on uroflowmetry parameters would predict treatment response at the third month. METHODS: Men over 40 years old with complaints of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia were studied with physical examination, urine and blood analysis, ...
Remme Carol Ann - - 2013
The late sodium current has been increasingly recognized for its mechanistic role in various cardiovascular pathologies, including angina pectoris, myocardial ischemia, atrial fibrillation, heart failure and congenital long QT syndrome. Although relatively small in magnitude, the late sodium current (I(NaL)) represents a functionally relevant contributor to cardiomyocyte (electro)physiology. Many aspects ...
Ohji Goh - - 2013
We report a case of biliary tract infection caused by a strain of Burkholderia contaminans, a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex. The patient developed sepsis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Gram-negative bacilli were isolated from blood and bile cultures. Automated bacterial identification systems identified the organism as Burkholderia cepacia, ...
Telezhkin Vsevolod V Department of Neuroscience, Physiology and Pharmacology, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, - - 2013
All Kv7 potassium channels require membrane phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) for their normal function and hence can be physiologically regulated by neurotransmitters and hormones that stimulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis. Recent mutational analysis indicates that a cluster of basic residues in the proximal C-terminus (K354/K358/R360/K362) is crucial for PI(4,5)P2 activation of cardiac Kv7.1 channels. ...
Luo Suhui - - 2013
The present study investigated the roles of folic acid and DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) in the differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs). Neonatal rat NSCs were grown in suspended neurosphere cultures and identified by their expression of SOX2 protein and capacity for self-renewal. Then NSCs were assigned to five treatment groups ...
Chung Jae Youn - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the participation in physical activity (PA) by colorectal cancer survivors across cancer trajectories and based on selected demographic and medical variables. METHODS: A total of 431 participants were surveyed individually at the Shinchon Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea, to determine their ...
James Lindsey I LI Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, University of North Carolina Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2013
We describe the discovery of UNC1215, a potent and selective chemical probe for the methyllysine (Kme) reading function of L3MBTL3, a member of the malignant brain tumor (MBT) family of chromatin-interacting transcriptional repressors. UNC1215 binds L3MBTL3 with a K(d) of 120 nM, competitively displacing mono- or dimethyllysine-containing peptides, and is ...
Cregg Roman R Molecular Nociception Group, Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research, UCL, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2013
We identified and clinically investigated two patients with primary erythromelalgia mutations (PEM), which are the first reported to map to the fourth domain of Nav1.7 (DIV). The identified mutations (A1746G and W1538R) were cloned and transfected to cell cultures followed by electrophysiological analysis in whole-cell configuration. The investigated patients presented ...
de Paula Xavier de Andrade Rafael - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of replacing Tifton 85 hay (0, 33, 66, or 100 %) with by castor bean hulls on the intake and nutrient digestibility and performance of 28 noncastrated lambs, averaging 7 months in age, 19.5 ± 2.0 kg average live weight, fed on diets based on ...
Bu Zhaode - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate the independent correlated factors for lymph node metastasis (LNM) and prognosis in T2 gastric cancer patients. A total of 135 pathologically confirmed T2 gastric cancer patients who received a gastrectomy at the Beijing University Cancer Hospital from Dec 1999 to Dec 2006 ...
Sridhar S - - 2013
The objective of this paper is to compare in silico data with wet lab physicochemical properties of crude laccase enzyme isolated from Rigidoporus sp. using wheat bran as solid substrate support towards dye decolorization. Molecular docking analysis of selected nine textile and non-textile dyes were performed using laccase from Rigidoporus ...
Felisati G - - 2013
In the past decade, surgical treatment of skull base pathologies has greatly advanced through the advent of the endoscope and later of the high definition endoscope. Recently a new type of three dimensional (3D) scope has been introduced to permit the surgeon a real stereoscopic vision of the operating field ...
Camara-Lemarroy Carlos Rodrigo - - 2013
Autoimmune vasculitides can have diverse neurological manifestations, including posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is an uncommon vasculitis rarely associated with PRES. Common clinical features of TA include hypertension, audible arterial bruits, absence of peripheral pulses, claudication of the extremities, reduced blood pressure in one or both arms, ...
Vos Veronique C A - - 2013
To comprehend the potential consequences of biodiversity loss on the leaf litter decomposition process, a better understanding of its underlying mechanisms is necessary. Here, we hypothesize that positive litter mixture effects occur via complementary resource use, when litter species complement each other in terms of resource quality for detritivores. To ...
Souers Andrew J - - 2013
Proteins in the B cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) family are key regulators of the apoptotic process. This family comprises proapoptotic and prosurvival proteins, and shifting the balance toward the latter is an established mechanism whereby cancer cells evade apoptosis. The therapeutic potential of directly inhibiting prosurvival proteins was unveiled with ...
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