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Results 251 - 300 of 3975
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Dyson Janet - - 2013
A model for cell-cell adhesion, based on an equation originally proposed by Armstrong et al. [A continuum approach to modelling cell-cell adhesion, J. Theor. Biol. 243 (2006), pp. 98-113], is considered. The model consists of a nonlinear partial differential equation for the cell density in an N-dimensional infinite domain. It ...
Lotrecchiano G R - - 2013
This field report outlines the goals of providing a blended learning model for an interdisciplinary training program for healthcare professionals who care for children with disabilities. The curriculum blended traditional face-to-face or on-site learning with integrated online interactive instruction. Credit earning and audited graduate level online coursework, community engagement experiences, ...
Ch'ng Joanne W M - - 2013
Protection motivation theory components were used to predict sun protection behaviors (SPBs) using four outcome measures: typical reported behaviors, previous reported behaviors, current sunscreen use as determined by interview, and current observed behaviors (clothing worn) to control for common method bias. Sampled from two SE Queensland public beaches during summer, ...
Singh Sadanand - - 2013
Glasses are generally prepared by cooling from the liquid phase, and their properties depend on their thermal history. Recent experiments indicate that glasses prepared by vapour deposition onto a substrate can exhibit remarkable stability, and might correspond to equilibrium states that could hitherto be reached only by glasses aged for ...
Martinho A - - 2013
The choroid plexus (CP) participates in the synthesis, secretion and regulation of the cerebrospinal fluid, in the removal of its toxic compounds and in the regulation of the availability of essential metal ions to the brain. It expresses and secretes metallothioneins 1/2 (MT-1/2) which are key components in the maintenance ...
Bai Lu - - 2013
This study was to investigate the association of inflammation-related factors with the risk of lung cancer. All subjects were unrelated ethnic Han Chinese in Liaoning province. Our study conducted a hospital-based case-control study, the case group consisted of 193 histologically diagnosed lung cancer patients, and 211 controls were selected from ...
Sirakov Maria - - 2013
The study of the mammalian intestinal epithelium concerns several aspects of cellular and molecular biology. In fact, most of these studies aim to define molecular components or mechanisms related with the control of stemness and the balance between cell proliferation and differentiation in physiopathological conditions. It is worth mentioning that ...
Hauton David - - 2013
Chronic catecholamine production is associated with desensitisation and down-regulation of adrenergic receptors and occurs in conditions, such as heart failure and myocardial infarction. The effects of further acute adrenergic stimulation, which may occur during exercise, and their subsequent effects on chemosensitivity and ventilation are unclear. Chronic isoprenaline (ISO) increased ventilation ...
Zvoleff Alex - - 2013
Humans have transformed much of Earth's land surface, giving rise to loss of biodiversity, climate change, and a host of other environmental issues that are affecting human and biophysical systems in unexpected ways. To confront these problems, environmental managers must consider human and landscape systems in integrated ways. This means ...
Shivapooja Phanindhar - - 2013
Dynamic change of surface area and topology of elastomers is used as a general, environmentally friendly approach for effectively detaching micro- and macro-fouling organisms adhered on the elastomer surfaces. Deformation of elastomer surfaces under electrical or pneumatic actuation can debond various biofilms and barnacles. The bio-inspired dynamic surfaces can be ...
Xu Weigao - - 2013
Graphene is exploited to serve as a seamless and inert veil to fabricate a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrate with a passivated surface. This novel approach inherits the concept of metal-molecule isolation (for more well-defined surface interactions) and results in a few superiorities. We find the SERS performance of a ...
Maltais Simon - - 2013
Introduction: Significant advances have been made to understand the mechanisms involved in cardiac cell-based therapies. The early translational application of basic science knowledge has led to several animal and human clinical trials. The initial promising beneficial effect of stem cells on cardiac function restoration has been eclipsed by the inability ...
Barvkar Vitthal T - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (20-24 nucleotide long) endogenous regulatory RNAs that play important roles in plant growth and development. They regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by translational repression or target degradation and gene silencing. In this study, we identified 116 conserved miRNAs belonging to 23 families from the ...
Masood Aisha - - 2013
Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) is highly chemoresponsive, and majority of patients respond to therapy except for a small number which require high-dose therapy and stem cell rescue for salvage. We report the results of a single-center experience in 41 patients with relapsed HL treated with high-dose therapy at the time of ...
Oubaid V - - 2013
The recruitment of trainee surgeons is a demanding topic. Not only the question whether the number of applicants is sufficient but also the selection of the right candidates are of great importance. Therefore, it is of vital interest to establish the occupational requirements and to develop reliable and valid methods ...
Koubar Mohamad - - 2013
Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent of 90 % of Legionnaires' disease cases. This bacterium lives naturally in fresh water and can colonize biofilms, which play an important role in the protection of Legionella against environmental stress factors. Relationship between the presence of minerals in water and Legionella adherence to surfaces ...
Ishitobi Makoto - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is little information about the impact of breast cancer subtype on prognosis after ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR). METHODS: One hundred eighty-five patients were classified according to breast cancer subtype, as approximated by estrogen receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and Ki-67, of IBTR, and we ...
Kahlert Philipp - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a novel treatment option for patients with severe, symptomatic aortic valve stenosis considered inoperable or at high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement. Despite rapid adoption of this technology into clinical application, however, recent randomized controlled clinical trials have raised safety concerns regarding an ...
Mohmood Iram - - 2013
Water scarcity is being recognized as a present and future threat to human activity and as a consequence water purification technologies are gaining major attention worldwide. Nanotechnology has many successful applications in different fields but recently its application for water and wastewater treatment has emerged as a fast-developing, promising area. ...
Karthikeyan S - - 2013
Nanoporous activated carbon prepared from rice husk through precarbonisation at 400 °C and phosphoric acid activation at 800 °C was used as fluidized bed in Fenton oxidation of the o, p and m-cresols in aqueous solution. The efficiencies of homogeneous Fenton oxidation, fluidized Fenton oxidation and aerobic biological oxidation systems for the ...
Koch O O - - 2013
PURPOSE: Closure of the esophageal hiatus is an important step during laparoscopic antireflux surgery and hiatal hernia surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the preoperatively determined hiatal hernia size and the intraoperative size of the esophageal hiatus. METHODS: One hundred patients with documented chronic ...
Ferrini Francesco - - 2013
A major unresolved issue in treating pain is the paradoxical hyperalgesia produced by the gold-standard analgesic morphine and other opiates. We found that hyperalgesia-inducing treatment with morphine resulted in downregulation of the K(+)-Cl(-) co-transporter KCC2, impairing Cl(-) homeostasis in rat spinal lamina l neurons. Restoring the anion equilibrium potential reversed ...
Yazarloo Fatemeh - - 2013
Cancer testis antigens (CTAs) have normal expression restricted in the testis and also inappropriate expression in various tumor types. Special and favorable characteristics of these genes, as being immunogenic and therefore having the potential to be used as tumor vaccine, have made them as one of the star attractions of ...
Thio Tzer Hwai Gilbert - - 2013
This paper presents a theoretical development and critical analysis of the burst frequency equations for capillary valves on a microfluidic compact disc (CD) platform. This analysis includes background on passive capillary valves and the governing models/equations that have been developed to date. The implicit assumptions and limitations of these models ...
Traquete Rui - - 2013
One of the major problems in cancer therapy is the lack of specificity of chemotherapeutic agents towards cancer cells, resulting in adverse side effects. One means to counter this is to selectively deliver the drug to the cancer cell. Cancer cells accumulate increased concentrations of polyamines compared to normal cells, ...
Budnik Lygia Therese - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: After cargo with PCB-containing transformer oil waste was damaged in heavy seas, the vessel crew exposed to PCB developed itching and acne-form eruption of the skin. The objective of our study was to analyse this work-related incident and its effects on health. METHODS: Air and wipe test samples were ...
Wu Fuyong - - 2013
A pot trial was conducted to investigate the effects of three arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi species, including Glomus geosporum BGC HUN02C, G. versiforme BGC GD01B, and G. mosseae BGC GD01A, on grain yield and arsenic (As) uptake of upland rice (Zhonghan 221) in As-spiked soils. Moderate levels of AM colonization ...
Klanjscek Tin - - 2013
A mechanistic model of bacterial growth based on dynamic energy budget (DEB) theory is utilized to investigate mechanisms of toxicity of CdSe quantum dots (QDs). The model of QD toxicity is developed by extending a previously published DEB model of cadmium ion toxicity to include a separate model of QD ...
Gasanova Irina - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been shown to provide pain relief after abdominal procedures. However, TAP block combined with multimodal analgesia technique have not been assessed in a randomized controlled trial. This randomized, controlled, observer-blinded study was designed to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of bilateral ultrasound-guided TAP blocks ...
Msaouel Pavlos - - 2013
Introduction: Replication-competent oncolytic measles virus (MV) strains preferentially infect and destroy a wide variety of cancer tissues. Clinical translation of engineered attenuated MV vaccine derivatives is demonstrating the therapeutic potential and negligible pathogenicity of these strains in humans. Areas covered: The present review summarizes the mechanisms of MV tumor selectivity ...
Zotz Gerhard - - 2013
The velamen radicum, a spongy, usually multiple epidermis of the roots, which at maturity consists of dead cells, is frequently described as an important adaptation of epiphytic orchids. Yet, quantitative evidence for the alleged functions, e.g., efficient water and nutrient uptake, nutrient retention, reduction of water loss, mechanical protection, or ...
Barker Tyler - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify circulating cytokines, skeletal muscle strength, and peak power output in young adults with contrasting serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. Serum 25(OH)D, inflammatory cytokines, muscle strength, and peak power output were, therefore, measured in young adults (25-42 years). Data were collected during the winter ...
Dubois Rebecca M - - 2013
Little is known about the three-dimensional organization of rubella virus, which causes a relatively mild measles-like disease in children but leads to serious congenital health problems when contracted in utero. Although rubella virus belongs to the same family as the mosquito-borne alphaviruses, in many respects it is more similar to ...
Komura Tomomi - - 2013
Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria are probiotic bacteria that modify host defense systems and have the ability to extend the lifespan of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Here, we attempted to elucidate the mechanism by which bifidobacteria prolong the lifespan of C. elegans. When the nematode was fed Bifidobacterium infantis (BI) mixed at ...
Shelke Pradip B - - 2013
Active control over the assembly of colloidal and nanoparticles has important applications for the design of new nanostructured materials, but it is a difficult task. Here, a new method is presented to control the morphology of colloidal aggregates using critical Casimir forces. Via direct temperature control of critical Casimir forces, ...
Ivanova Elena P - - 2013
A non-pigmented, motile, Gram-negative bacterium designated H 17(T) was isolated from a seawater sample collected in Port Phillip Bay (the Tasman Sea, Pacific Ocean). The new organism displayed optimal growth between 4 and 37 °C, was found to be neutrophilic and slightly halophilic, tolerating salt water environments up to 10 % NaCl. ...
Yoshida Takeichi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation triggered by Helicobacter pylori causes altered DNA methylation in stomach mucosae, which is deeply involved in gastric carcinogenesis. This study aimed to elucidate the correlation between altered mucosal DNA methylation levels and activity of H. pylori-related gastritis, because inflammatory activity shows particular correlations with the development of ...
De la Rossa Andres - - 2013
The molecular mechanisms that control how progenitors generate distinct subtypes of neurons, and how undifferentiated neurons acquire their specific identity during corticogenesis, are increasingly understood. However, whether postmitotic neurons can change their identity at late stages of differentiation remains unknown. To study this question, we developed an electrochemical in vivo ...
Italiano Antoine - - 2013
Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare and aggressive malignancy with poor outcome occurring in adolescents and young adults. Therapeutic options for patients with advanced disease are limited. Preclinical studies have shown that VEGFR-2 and VEGFA are overexpressed in DSRCT and that DSRCT xenografts were highly responsive to ...
Wang Qi - - 2013
RLIP76, a GTPase-activating protein, is a central regulator in multiple pathways that respond to redox states and control cell growth, motility, division, and apoptosis in many malignant cancer cells. In this study, human glioblastoma cell lines U87 and U251 were stably transfected with a lentivirus vector expressing a short hairpin ...
Kaib Nathan A - - 2013
Nearly half the exoplanets found within binary star systems reside in very wide binaries with average stellar separations greater than 1,000 astronomical units (one astronomical unit (au) being the Earth-Sun distance), yet the influence of such distant binary companions on planetary evolution remains largely unstudied. Unlike their tighter counterparts, the ...
Nurgalieva Z Z - - 2013
While large differences by race/ethnicity in breast cancer survival are well established, it is unknown whether differences in quality of chemotherapy delivered explain the racial/ethnic disparities in survival among black, Hispanic, Asian, and white women with breast cancer. We evaluated factors associated with time to initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy and ...
Lou Wenjia - - 2013
It has been demonstrated that numerous microRNAs (miRNAs) have potent tumor-suppressing effects on a variety of cancers, implicating a possible application of miRNA in tumor therapy. Oncolytic adenovirus is a suitable vector to deliver tumor suppressor genes for treatment of cancers. However, it remains unknown whether co-expression of tumor suppressor ...
Abolmaali Samira Sadat - - 2013
PURPOSE: Methotrexate (MTX) is one of the most widely studied and effective therapeutics agents available to treat many solid tumors, hematologic malignancies, and autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis; however, the poor pharmacokinetic and narrow safety margin of the drug limits the therapeutic outcomes of conventional drug delivery systems. For ...
Mache Stefanie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine relations and influences between work-related factors, personal resources, work engagement and work ability of surgeons working in German hospitals. METHODS: The study was conducted as a cross-sectional survey investigation. We used the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire and ...
Yang Xiaoyu - - 2013
The aim of the study was to review the main clinical, imaging and pathological features of hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML). We retrospectively analyzed the imaging, pathological and clinical features of 178 patients who underwent surgical resection for HAML. Forty-three males and 135 females with a median age of 43.5 years (range: 17-76 years) ...
Ibrahim M A - - 2013
The anti-Trypanosoma brucei brucei activity in vitro and in vivo of a lactone-rich fraction of Vernonia blumeoides leaves (VBLF) and its potential in alleviating trypanosome-induced anemia and organ damage were investigated. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of VBLF revealed the presence of a number of lactone-containing compounds. In an in ...
McCabe Kathryn L - - 2013
Individuals with developmental disorders frequently report a range of social cognition deficits including difficulties identifying facial displays of emotion. This study examined the specificity of face emotion processing deficits in adolescents with either autism or 22q11DS compared to typically developing (TD) controls. Two tasks (face emotion recognition and weather scene ...
Pomirleanu Cristina - - 2013
The objective of this study was to identify predictors for remission or low disease activity (LDA) in established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) at 12 months of anti-TNF-α therapy. We have performed a prospective observational study in 90 consecutive patients with active RA receiving TNF-α inhibitors. Baseline and standard assessments were done every ...
Tallis Jason - - 2013
The use of caffeine as an ergogenic aid to promote endurance has been widely studied, with human literature showing the greatest benefit during submaximal muscle activities. Recent evidence suggests that the acute treatment of skeletal muscle with physiological concentrations of caffeine (70 μM maximum) will directly potentiate force production. The aims ...
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