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Results 201 - 250 of 3976
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Graham J - - 2013
SUMMARY Statistical models of epidemiology in wildlife populations usually consider diseased individuals as a single class, despite knowledge that infections progress through states of severity. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a serious zoonotic disease threatening the UK livestock industry, but we have limited understanding of key epidemiological processes in its wildlife ...
Fukushima Yoshifumi - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome (JAPAN-ACS) trial demonstrated that early aggressive statin therapy in patients with ACS significantly reduces plaque volume (PV). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptors of AGEs (RAGE) may lead to angiopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM) and ...
Alonso Recio Laura - - 2013
Apart from motor symptoms, Parkinson's disease is characterized by executive and memory problems that have been observed from early stages of the disease. This study explores the possible relationships between these cognitive impairments in a group of 23 individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) in comparison to a group of 18 ...
Saiki Megumi - - 2013
Purpose:  To propose the central-peripheral (C-P) method, which requires no data history to calculate intraocular lens (IOL) powers for eyes that underwent laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), and compare the accuracy of the C-P method with other IOL formulas for eyes after LASIK. Methods:  Sixteen patients with cataract (25 eyes) ...
Abdel-Rahman Nura - - 2013
Objective. To examine the differences and characteristics of road traffic injuries (RTIs) among Jewish and Arab children, ages 0-17 years, in Israel. Design. A retrospective study based on data from the Israeli National Trauma Registry between 2001 and 2010. This study relates specifically to traffic-related hospitalizations among children ages 0-17 ...
Mysyuk Yuliya - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: The role of individual characteristics in incidences of elder abuse has long been highest on research and policy agendas. Now, it is timely to discuss factors that go beyond victim and perpetrator. Environmental factors also play an important role in elder abuse. In this paper, we address the ...
Jeong Yun-Mi - - 2013
To our knowledge, there is no report that directly shows an inhibitory effect of ginsenoside on melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells. Hence, we investigated whether the aglycone of Rh(4) (A-Rh4) inhibits melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells, and determined the mechanism of action of melanin inhibition. We isolated 12 ...
Wang Quanfu - - 2013
Statistical experimental designs were applied to optimize cold-active lipase production by the psychrophilic bacterium Moritella sp. 2-5-10-1. First, a Plackett-Burmen design (PBD) was used to evaluate the significant effects of various fermentation parameters. The results indicated that soybean meal, temperature, and Tween-80 had significant influences on lipase production. The levels ...
Zu Chenxi - - 2013
A simple, low-cost modification of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) cells by placing a treated carbon paper between the sulfur electrode and the separator has been investigated to significantly improve the performance of Li-S cells. The treated carbon paper was prepared by an alcohol-alkaline/thermal treatment of a commercial Toray carbon paper, introducing hydroxyl ...
Bitner Adam - - 2013
PROBLEM: Bacteria activates Toll-like receptor 4 on immune system cells leading to preterm birth (PTB). The aim of study was to evaluate the impact of maternal and fetal carriage of TLR4 gene polymorphisms on the risk of PTB. METHOD OF STUDY: Frequency of TLR4 (896A>G, 1196C>T) variants was determined in ...
de Melo Willian M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to comparatively evaluate the in vitro osteogenic potential of cells obtained from the mandibular ramus (MR, autogenous bone donor site) and from the maxillary sinus (MS) bone grafted with a mixture of anorganic bovine bone (ABB) and MR prior to titanium implant placement (MS, grafted implant ...
Pluske John R - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The development of new/different management and feeding strategies to stimulate gut development and health in newly-weaned pigs, in order to improve growth performance while minimizing the use of antimicrobial compounds such as antibiotic growth promotants (AGP) and heavy mineral compounds, is essential for the long-term sustainability of the pig ...
Kistamás Kornél - - 2013
The female internal sex organs develop from the paramesonephric (Mullerian) duct. In male embryos, the regression of the Mullerian duct is caused by the anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), which plays an important role in the process of testicular descent. The physiological remnant of the Mullerian duct in males is the appendix ...
Tseng Yuan-Yun - - 2013
Objective: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and most aggressive malignant primary brain tumor in humans. The only interstitial chemotherapy pharmaceutical approved to date for GBM treatment is the Gliadel® wafer. Despite the safety and efficacy of this approach that have been demonstrated in patients undergoing resection of both ...
Qiu Xuchun - - 2013
This study investigated temporal variations in the potential maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (F(v)/F(m) ratio) and growth-phase dependent cellular protein expressions of Chattonella antiqua under laboratory conditions. Despite the culture conditions, significant positive correlations between the F(v)/F(m) ratio and daily growth rate were observed. Threshold F(v)/F(m) ratios associated with ...
Sunderland Elsie M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: In their new paper, Bellanger and coauthors show substantial economic impacts to the EU from neurocognitive impairment associated with methylmercury (MeHg) exposures. The main source of MeHg exposure is seafood consumption, including many marine species harvested from the global oceans. Fish, birds and other wildlife are also susceptible to ...
Molfino Alessio - - 2013
Cachexia is characterized by reduced food intake, muscle and adipose tissue loss associated with increased energy expenditure. Cachexia is highly prevalent and represents one of the main causes of increased morbidity, mortality and reduced quality of life in chronic diseases. Ghrelin plays an important role in stimulating and controlling hunger ...
Murakami Itsuo - - 2013
We have previously reported that phytoceramide and phytosphingosine (PHS) stimulated the transcriptional activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in cells. PPARγ is a therapeutic target for type 2 diabetes. We found in this study that an oral administration of PHS improved diet-induced glucose intolerance in mice. Since PHS is ...
Sun Qiang - - 2013
Vascular occlusions are common structural modifications made by many plant species in response to pathogen infection. However, the functional role(s) of occlusions in host plant disease resistance/susceptibility remains controversial. This study focuses on vascular occlusions that form in stem secondary xylem of grapevines infected with Pierce's disease (PD) and the ...
Yang Min M Department of Pathology and Center for Infection and Immunology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2013
B cells are generally considered to be positive regulators of the immune response because of their capability to produce antibodies, including autoantibodies. The production of antibodies facilitates optimal CD4(+) T-cell activation because B cells serve as antigen-presenting cells and exert other modulatory functions in immune responses. However, certain B cells ...
De Fusco Claudia - - 2013
The first enantioselective α-hydroxylation reaction of α-substituted β-ketoamides has been developed by using the commercially available hydroquinine/TBHP system. The tertiary alcohols are obtained in good to high yield and up to 83% ee, which can be improved by a single crystallization.
Kim Young Mi - - 2013
Sphingolipids represent a diverse class of lipid molecules. In addition to their function as membrane structural components, they serve as signaling molecules involved in various biological processes such as cell metabolism, growth, differentiation, stress and inflammatory responses and apoptosis. Sphingolipids may modulate the activity and/or expression of cytochrome P450s (CYPs) ...
Tsunekawa Koji - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Domoic acid (DA) is an excitatory amino acid analogue of kainic acid (KA) that acts via activation of glutamate receptors to elicit a rapid and potent excitotoxic response, resulting in neuronal cell death. Recently, DA was shown to elicit reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and induce apoptosis accompanied ...
Adriaanse M P M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Enterocyte damage is the hallmark of coeliac disease (CD) resulting in malabsorption. Little is known about the recovery of enterocyte damage and its clinical consequences. Serum intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) is a sensitive marker to study enterocyte damage. AIMS: To evaluate the severity of enterocyte damage in ...
Mollen Saar - - 2013
In situations when people have been drinking, they often find it difficult to tell their friends to stop drinking, or not to drive home. Most people want to avoid being seen as a busybody, which may inhibit advice giving. In the current study, we investigated how positive and negative descriptive ...
Nakazawa Takuya - - 2013
There are controversial reports on the relationship between helminthic infection and allergic diseases. Although IgE cross-reactivity between nematode Ascaris antigens and house dust-mite allergens in allergic patients have been reported, whether Ascaris or the mite is the primary sensitizer remains unknown. Here we found that immunization of naïve animals with ...
Cartwright E J - - 2013
SUMMARY Cameroon has experienced recurrent cholera epidemics with high mortality rates. In September 2009, epidemic cholera was detected in the Far North region of Cameroon and the reported case-fatality rate was 12%. We conducted village-, healthcare facility- and community-level surveys to investigate reasons for excess cholera mortality. Results of this ...
Tunholi-Alves V M - - 2013
Levels of calcium in the haemolymph and reserves in the shell of Biomphalaria glabrata experimentally infected by Angiostrongylus cantonensis were determined for the first time. At the same time, histochemical analyses of the digestive gland of infected and uninfected snails were performed to better understand the possible changes in metabolism ...
Giebel S - - 2013
The optimal protocol for mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells in patients with lymphoid malignancies has not been determined so far. We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy and safety of Ara-C at a dose of 1.6 g/m(2) compared with CY at a dose of 4.0 g/m(2), both combined with filgrastim. Seventy and forty-five patients, ...
Juliachs M - - 2013
In this work we have analyzed the expression of different members of the ErbB family in human samples of germ-cell testicular tumors (GCTs). We observed expression of ErbB1 or ErbB2 in different tumor subtypes, but we also found high expression of ErbB3 in all GCTs tested. This pattern of expression ...
Ghadbane Mouloud - - 2013
A bacteriocin-producing (11,000 AU mL(-1)) strain was isolated from the rhizosphere of healthy Algerian plants Ononis angustissima Lam., and identified as Brevibacillus brevis strain GM100. The bacteriocin, called Bac-GM100, was purified to homogeneity from the culture supernatant, and, based on MALDI-TOF/MS analysis, was a monomer protein with a molecular mass ...
Yamaguchi Saori S Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2013
PspA, -B and -C regulate the bacterial phage shock protein stress response by controlling the PspF transcription factor. Here, we have developed complementary approaches to study the behaviour of these proteins at their endogenous levels in Yersinia enterocolitica. First, we observed GFP-tagged versions with an approach that resolves individual protein ...
Freitag Christine M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Group-based social skills training (SST) has repeatedly been recommended as treatment of choice in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). To date, no sufficiently powered randomised controlled trial has been performed to establish efficacy and safety of SST in children and adolescents with HFASD. In this randomised, multi-centre, controlled ...
Tsuzuki Satoshi - - 2013
CD36 is an integral membrane protein that mediates the cellular uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) through recognition of the oxidized glycerophospholipids (oxPLs) formed during LDL oxidation. We aimed to devise an assay system to detect binding between CD36 and oxLDL/oxPL without using recombinant proteins. A peptide corresponding to amino-acid ...
Bork Christopher - - 2013
Chromatogram overlays are frequently used to monitor inter-batch performance of bioprocess purification steps. However, the objective analysis of chromatograms is difficult due to peak shifts caused by variable phase durations or unexpected process holds. Furthermore, synchronization of batch process data may also be required prior to performing multivariate analysis techniques. ...
Yamashino Takafumi - - 2013
Circadian clocks enable organisms to define subjective time, that is, to anticipate diurnal day and night cycles. Endogenous circadian rhythms regulate many aspects of an organism's physiological and morphological growth and development. These daily oscillations are synchronized to the environment by external cues such as light and temperature, resulting in ...
Sato Fumihiko - - 2013
Plant cell cultures are widely used in the micro-propagation of clonal plants, especially virus-free plants, and in the production of useful metabolites such as paclitaxel. On the other hand, the use of plant cell cultures for the more basic characterization of plant functions is rather limited due to the difficulties ...
Kubota Akane - - 2013
The thallus, the gametophyte body of the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha, develops clonal progenies called gemmae that are useful in the isolation and propagation of isogenic plants. Developmental timing is critical to Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, and high transformation efficiency has been achieved only with sporelings. Here we report an Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system ...
Shokri S - - 2013
High doses of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are used by some athletes to increase muscle mass, that is often associated with male infertility. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible cause/s of male infertility using a rat model by analysing sperm quality, including its protamine content and DNA ...
Wang M - - 2013
Water-soluble components of feedstuffs are mainly utilized during the early phase of microbial fermentation, which could be deemed an important determinant of gas production behavior in vitro. Many studies proposed that the fractional rate of degradation (FRD) estimated by fitting gas production curves to mathematical models might be used to ...
Martínez-Lapiscina E H - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported an increased risk for epileptic seizures in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, data on the pathogenesis of seizures remain inconclusive. The aim of our study is to evaluate prevalence, clinical and paraclinical features of epileptic attacks in our MS cohort and to search MS-specific risk ...
Ciceri F - - 2013
Haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) has been considered a therapeutic option in patients with acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA) failing at least one course of immune suppressive therapy with antithymocyte globulin and lacking an HLA-matched related or unrelated donor. The platforms of both ex vivo T-cell-depleted and unmanipulated grafts have been explored ...
Gillingwater Thomas H - - 2013
Recent developments in our understanding of events underlying neurodegeneration across the central and peripheral nervous systems have highlighted the critical role that synapses play in the initiation and progression of neuronal loss. With the development of increasingly accurate and versatile animal models of neurodegenerative disease it has become apparent that ...
Taiyoji Mayumi - - 2013
Arg-specific gingipain (Rgp) is a major pathogenic determinant of Porphyromonas gingivalis which is a major pathogen in periodontal disease. We prepared protein extracts with Rgp-inhibitory activity from polished rice (Oryza sativa) and evaluated the effects of these extracts on the growth and pathogenicity of P. gingivalis. The extracts inhibited the ...
Guimarães Lídia - - 2013
Genetic counselling must be offered in the context of presymptomatic testing (PST) for severe late-onset diseases; however, effective genetic counselling is not well defined, and measurement tools that allow a systematic evaluation of genetic practice are still not available. The aims of this qualitative study were to (1) recognize relevant ...
Tilanus-Linthorst Madeleine M A - - 2013
Women from high risk families consider preventive measures for breast cancer including screening. Guidelines on screening differ considerably regarding starting age. We investigated whether age at diagnosis in affected relatives is predictive for age at diagnosis. We analyzed the age of breast cancer detection of 1304 first and second degree ...
Kumar Deepak - - 2013
Gold nanoparticles have been efficiently and effectively used for the delivery of biomolecules and genes along with the potential to offer extremely sensitive diagnostics and imaging methods. This review discusses the historical aspects, synthesis of gold nanoparticles, gold nanoparticles as drug delivery vehicles, photothermal effect of gold nanoparticles and the ...
Taguchi Tomoyasu - - 2013
The effects of 16 aliphatic aldehydes with 3-10 carbons on the growth and patulin production of Penicillium expansum were examined. When P. expansum spores were inoculated into apple juice broth, some alkenals, including 2-propenal, (E)-2-butenal, (E)-2-pentenal, and (E)-2-hexenal, inhibited fungal growth and patulin production. Their minimal inhibitory concentrations were 5, ...
Arai Hiroyuki - - 2013
The facultative photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1 has a nitric oxide-response transcriptional regulator, NnrR, and nitric oxide reductase (NOR), although it is incapable of denitrification. To investigate at the genomic level the physiological response to nitrosative stress of R. sphaeroides, the transcriptome profiles of strain 2.4.1 and its NnrR mutant ...
Parasramka Mansi A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Alterations in microRNA (miRNA/miR) genes are of biological importance in the pathophysiology of cancers, including pancreatic cancer (PaCa). Although growing evidence supports the role of miRNA in cancer, their response to dietary phytochemicals is less known. Previously, we showed that garcinol induces PaCa cell growth arrest and apoptosis in ...
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