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Tsutsuura Satomi - - 2013
We incubated 11 strains of Staphylococcus aureus in a brain heart infusion broth at 10-37 °C with two inoculum sizes and examined their enterotoxin A (SEA) production by a Western blot analysis to clarify the effect of incubation temperature on SEA production. Although SEA was detected in the exponential phase ...
Patel Zara M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Concurrent septorhinoplasty (SRP) and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has been a controversial topic in the literature over the last decade. Warnings and admonitions about the risks of performing these procedures together in a single surgery are both published and voiced at national meetings. Although pros and cons have ...
Zheng Meijuan - - 2013
The lymphatic system is important in mounting an immune response to foreign antigens and tumors in humans and animal models. The liver produces a large amount of lymph, and its lymphatic system is divided into three major components: the portal, sublobular and superficial lymphatic vessels. Despite the fact that mice ...
Szeinbach S L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While current medications used to treat patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) effectively produce sustained viral response (SVR), postponement of therapy is oftentimes attributed to patient perceptions of unfavourable outcomes. However, an instrument to assess patient perceptions of therapy (i.e. treatment satisfaction) has not been developed. AIM: To ...
Lennon P - - 2013
Introduction: Anecdotally, infectious mononucleosis is considered a more severe infection than bacterial tonsillitis, requiring a longer hospital stay. However, there is little in the literature comparing the epidemiology of the two conditions. This study aimed to compare the epidemiology of bacterial tonsillitis and infectious mononucleosis, in particular any differences in ...
Mwimanzi Philip - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Impaired HIV-1 Gag, Pol, and Env function has been described in elite controllers (EC) who spontaneously suppress plasma viremia to < 50 RNA copies/mL; however, activity of the accessory protein Nef remains incompletely characterized. We examined the ability of 91 Nef clones, isolated from plasma of 45 EC ...
Buisson A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-MRI is of value in detecting and assessing inflammation of ileal Crohn's disease (CD) remains poorly investigated. AIM: To compare DWI-MR enterography (MRE) with conventional MRE in estimating inflammation in small bowel CD, to determine an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) threshold to differentiate active from non-active ...
Arai Hiroyuki - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa has two nitric oxide (NO)-detoxification enzymes, NO reductase and flavohemoglobin, which catalyze the reduction and oxygenation of NO respectively. In this study, the NO reductase-deficient mutant showed decreased virulence against the silkworm Bombyx mori, but the flavohemoglobin-deficient mutant did not, indicating that NO-reduction is important to the full ...
Ichinose Hitomi - - 2013
The putative α-L-rhamnosidase gene from Streptomyces avermitilis was cloned and expressed. The recombinant enzyme released L-rhamnose from p-nitrophenyl α-L-rhamnoside, Citrus flavonoids such as naringin, rutin, and hesperidin, and gum arabic which is an arabinogalactan-protein. Calcium ions increased L-rhamnose production by the enzyme from gum arabic, whereas enzyme activity was not ...
Ike Masakazu - - 2013
The objective of this study was to develop an efficient production system for cellulase preparation with a high level of xylanolytic enzymes using soluble carbon sources. When xylose and arabinose were simultaneously fed with glucose and cellobiose, a mutant of Trichoderma reesei, M3-1, showed sufficient levels of cellulolytic and xylanolytic ...
Al-Kandari W Y - - 2013
Microphallid trematodes are common parasites in marine snails and crustacean hosts at Kuwait Bay. The larval stages of two microphallids, Maritrema eroliae and Probolocoryphe uca, are difficult to differentiate morphologically. In this study, two PCR-based techniques were established for quick and accurate discrimination between the larval stages of the two ...
Radach Ralph - - 2013
The study of eye movements has proven to be one of the most successful approaches in research on reading. In this overview, it is argued that a major reason for this success is that eye movement measurement is not just a methodology-the control of eye movements is actually part and ...
Konagai Chizuru - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the essence of chicken on brain function by near-infrared spectroscopy. Twelve healthy elderly subjects took the essence of chicken or a placebo for 7 d in a double-blind cross-over design study. Changes in oxy-hemoglobin concentrations in the bilateral prefrontal ...
Teles Ana - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are one of the most and best studied immune cell population during human and murine pregnancy, and there is a general consent about their expansion during pregnancy. However, the identification of new and more reliable Treg markers during the last years resulted in some controversies about ...
Qu Haidong - - 2013
Hepcidin, a cysteine-rich antimicrobial peptide, is widespread in fish and shows multiple activities, including antimicrobial, antivirus, and antitumor. Here, a new four-cysteine hepcidin isoform gene, EC-hepcidin3, was cloned from the marine-cultured orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). The complete cDNA sequence consisted of 603 bases with an open reading frame (ORF) of ...
Lavigne Carole - - 2013
Objective: Cationic lipidic formulations have been successfully used to deliver small interfering RNA (siRNA) into cells but they show limitations for in vivo application due to their cytotoxicity and instability in the presence of serum. To overcome these limitations, the authors developed an anionic lipid-based carrier named Neutraplex (Nx). Here, ...
Jonasson C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains a challenge as both invasive methods and symptom-based strategies have limitations. The symptom-based management of GERD in primary care may be further optimised with the use of a questionnaire. AIM: To assess the diagnostic validity of the GerdQ questionnaire in patients ...
Majhail N S - - 2013
Advances in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) have led to an increasing number of transplant survivors. However, long-term survival is challenged by late relapse, late complications and late non-relapse mortality, and HCT survivors need continued lifelong surveillance for screening, early detection and timely treatment of late complications such as secondary cancers, ...
Song Jingyuan - - 2013
The recently cloned β-galactosidase from Bacillus circulans ATCC 31382, designated BgaD, contains a multiple domain architecture including a F5/8 type C domain or a discoidin (DS) domain in the C-terminal peptide region. Here we report that the DS domain plays an essential role in repressing the production of galactooligosaccharides (GOSs). ...
Chijiwa Takahito - - 2013
The nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding Protobothrops elegans (Crotalinae) pancreatic phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)), abbreviated PePancPLA(2), was determined by means of inverted PCR techniques. Since its deduced amino acid sequence contains a pancreatic loop and shows high similarity to that of Laticauda semifasciata (Elapinae) group IB pancreatic PLA(2), PePancPLA(2) is ...
Elleuch Amine - - 2013
Molecular diversity within six viroid species and different molecular variants, in each species infecting fruit trees was first estimated by the single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) technique and then by direct sequencing analysis. The different variants studied are to three Australian grapevine viroids(AGVd), four citrus dwarfing viroids (CDVd), eleven grapevine yellow ...
Till K - - 2013
This study longitudinally evaluated whether maturation and relative age interact with time during adolescence to differentially affect the development of anthropometric and fitness characteristics in junior rugby league players. Anthropometric and fitness characteristics of 81 junior players selected into the UK Rugby Football League's talent identification and development process were ...
Joshi Hemant - - 2013
The AgBr and Ag(2)Se nanoparticles (NPs) have been synthesized for the first time from two single source precursors ([Ag(2)()(2)Br(2)] () and [Ag(-HBr)(2)]BF(4) () respectively) designed using the same ligand 3-benzyl-1-(2-phenylselanyl-ethyl)-3H-imidazolium bromide (). The ODE-ODA-OA (1 : 1 : 2) and TOP-OA (1 : 2) are most suitable solvents for thermolysis of and respectively, resulting in the ...
Qiu Xuchun - - 2013
This study investigated temporal variations in the potential maximum quantum yield of photosystem II (F(v)/F(m) ratio) and growth-phase dependent cellular protein expressions of Chattonella antiqua under laboratory conditions. Despite the culture conditions, significant positive correlations between the F(v)/F(m) ratio and daily growth rate were observed. Threshold F(v)/F(m) ratios associated with ...
Sunderland Elsie M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: In their new paper, Bellanger and coauthors show substantial economic impacts to the EU from neurocognitive impairment associated with methylmercury (MeHg) exposures. The main source of MeHg exposure is seafood consumption, including many marine species harvested from the global oceans. Fish, birds and other wildlife are also susceptible to ...
Jie Yu - - 2013
The purpose of present study is to examine whether gestational exposure of two major environmental endocrine-disrupting chemicals, nonylphenol (NP) and estradiol (E(2)), would affect nervous system development of offspring rats and explore the joint effects of NP and E(2). After impregnation, dams were assigned to seven groups. The first and ...
Molfino Alessio - - 2013
Cachexia is characterized by reduced food intake, muscle and adipose tissue loss associated with increased energy expenditure. Cachexia is highly prevalent and represents one of the main causes of increased morbidity, mortality and reduced quality of life in chronic diseases. Ghrelin plays an important role in stimulating and controlling hunger ...
Murakami Itsuo - - 2013
We have previously reported that phytoceramide and phytosphingosine (PHS) stimulated the transcriptional activity of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in cells. PPARγ is a therapeutic target for type 2 diabetes. We found in this study that an oral administration of PHS improved diet-induced glucose intolerance in mice. Since PHS is ...
Sun Qiang - - 2013
Vascular occlusions are common structural modifications made by many plant species in response to pathogen infection. However, the functional role(s) of occlusions in host plant disease resistance/susceptibility remains controversial. This study focuses on vascular occlusions that form in stem secondary xylem of grapevines infected with Pierce's disease (PD) and the ...
Korthof E T - - 2013
The diagnosis of aplastic anemia in children requires exclusion of a variety of inherited or acquired BM failure syndromes with similar phenotypes. An efficient diagnostic plan is important because time from diagnosis to 'final' treatment is directly related to outcome regardless of the therapeutic option chosen. The gold standard of ...
Tiffin Nicki - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease with variable clinical presentation frequently affecting the skin, joints, haemopoietic system, kidneys, lungs and central nervous system. It can be life threatening when major organs are involved. The full pathological and genetic mechanisms of this complex disease are yet ...
Kawachi Tomoyuki - - 2013
Im-3 was isolated from the venom of the scorpion Isometrus maculatus through several steps of HPLC fractionation based on the insect paralytic activity. Injecting Im-3 into crickets induced paralysis, but no toxicity was apparent in mice after an intracerebroventricular injection. Im-3 shares sequence similarity to scorpion β-toxins that specifically affect ...
Sun X - - 2013
SUMMARY The main Neisseria meningitidis adhesion molecules, type IV pili (Tfp) and Neisseria adhesion A (NadA), play important roles in the pathogenesis of invasive meningococcal disease. PilE is the major Tfp subunit. In this study, the prevalence and genetic diversity of pilE and nadA were investigated in the prevalent serogroups ...
Liu Gang - - 2013
A highly efficient enantioselective Darzens reaction of aldehydes with diazoacetamides catalyzed by a (+)-pinanediol-Ti(O(i)Pr)(4) system has been developed. The cis-glycidic amides were obtained in high yields and with moderate to excellent enantioselectivity (up to 99%).
Peffault de Latour R - - 2013
For patients with inherited BM failure (BMF) or those with acquired BMF who fail immunosuppressive therapy and who lack a suitable alternative donor, the prognosis remains poor. Umbilical cord blood transplantation has extended the availability of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the absence of a suitable donor. A recent EBMT ...
Knight Jennifer L - - 2013
Multipurpose atom-typer for CHARMM (MATCH), an atom-typing toolset for molecular mechanics force fields, was recently developed in our laboratory. Here, we assess the ability of MATCH-generated parameters and partial atomic charges to reproduce experimental absolute hydration free energies for a series of 457 small neutral molecules in GBMV2, Generalized Born ...
Bae Sung Jin - - 2013
We synthesized a novel series of (E)-2-((substituted phenyl)diazenyl)phenyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate derivatives (2 and 3) and (E)-2-((substituted phenyl)diazenyl)phenol derivatives (4 and 5), and conducted an evaluation in order to determine their inhibitory effects on mushroom tyrosinase, with the aim of discovering a tyrosinase inhibitor. Most of the compounds (3-5) exhibited higher inhibitory ...
Hyun S M - - 2013
Objective: To report a patient with maxillary pneumosinus dilatans and facial deformity treated by reduction osteoplasty and reconstruction. Case report: This study describes the successful management of facial deformity in a 17-year-old male with maxillary pneumosinus dilatans. The patient's facial deformity of the maxillary sinus, which had been slowly progressing ...
Daikeler T - - 2013
The objective of this prospective cross-sectional case-control study was to examine the prevalence of dryness symptoms and its impact on quality of life (QoL) among very long-term survivors after hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) in comparison with their respective sibling donors. Forty-four allogeneic HSCT recipients with a long-term survival (median: 17.5; range: ...
Ojima Teruyo - - 2013
Cellobiose 2-epimerase (CE), found mainly in anaerobes, reversibly converts D-glucose residues at the reducing end of β-1,4-linked oligosaccharides to D-mannose residues. In this study, we characterized CE-like proteins from various aerobes (Flavobacterium johnsoniae NBRC 14942, Pedobacter heparinus NBRC 12017, Dyadobacter fermentans ATCC 700827, Herpetosiphon aurantiacus ATCC 23779, Saccharophagus degradans ATCC ...
Sugawara Saiko - - 2013
Fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4) is considered a crucial gene in the development of mammalian embryos. Here we identified common amino acid sequences predicted from coding exons of the FGF4 gene in five pigs of two breeds, and HispFGF4, a 6× histidine-tagged porcine FGF4, was produced in Escherichia coli. HispFGF4 ...
Mössner M - - 2013
A ski-snow interaction model is presented. The force between ski and snow is decomposed into a penetration force normal to the snow surface, a shear force parallel to it, and friction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits of a hypoplastic vs an elastic contact for penetration ...
Devoto Paola - - 2013
The dopamine-beta-hydroxylase inhibitor nepicastat has been shown to reproduce disulfiram ability to suppress the reinstatement of cocaine seeking after extinction in rats. To clarify its mechanism of action, we examined the effect of nepicastat, given alone or in association with cocaine or amphetamine, on catecholamine release in the medial prefrontal ...
Yamashino Takafumi - - 2013
Circadian clocks enable organisms to define subjective time, that is, to anticipate diurnal day and night cycles. Endogenous circadian rhythms regulate many aspects of an organism's physiological and morphological growth and development. These daily oscillations are synchronized to the environment by external cues such as light and temperature, resulting in ...
Zu Chenxi - - 2013
A simple, low-cost modification of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) cells by placing a treated carbon paper between the sulfur electrode and the separator has been investigated to significantly improve the performance of Li-S cells. The treated carbon paper was prepared by an alcohol-alkaline/thermal treatment of a commercial Toray carbon paper, introducing hydroxyl ...
Fukushima Yoshifumi - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome (JAPAN-ACS) trial demonstrated that early aggressive statin therapy in patients with ACS significantly reduces plaque volume (PV). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and the receptors of AGEs (RAGE) may lead to angiopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM) and ...
Alonso Recio Laura - - 2013
Apart from motor symptoms, Parkinson's disease is characterized by executive and memory problems that have been observed from early stages of the disease. This study explores the possible relationships between these cognitive impairments in a group of 23 individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) in comparison to a group of 18 ...
Saiki Megumi - - 2013
Purpose:  To propose the central-peripheral (C-P) method, which requires no data history to calculate intraocular lens (IOL) powers for eyes that underwent laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), and compare the accuracy of the C-P method with other IOL formulas for eyes after LASIK. Methods:  Sixteen patients with cataract (25 eyes) ...
Abdel-Rahman Nura - - 2013
Objective. To examine the differences and characteristics of road traffic injuries (RTIs) among Jewish and Arab children, ages 0-17 years, in Israel. Design. A retrospective study based on data from the Israeli National Trauma Registry between 2001 and 2010. This study relates specifically to traffic-related hospitalizations among children ages 0-17 ...
Mysyuk Yuliya - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: The role of individual characteristics in incidences of elder abuse has long been highest on research and policy agendas. Now, it is timely to discuss factors that go beyond victim and perpetrator. Environmental factors also play an important role in elder abuse. In this paper, we address the ...
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