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Fujii Yuki - - 2013
Objectives: The potent and selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor alogliptin improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes through incretin hormone-mediated increases in both α- and β-cell responsiveness to glucose. In this study, the efficacy and safety of alogliptin in type 2 diabetic patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) were evaluated. ...
Ciceri F - - 2013
Haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) has been considered a therapeutic option in patients with acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA) failing at least one course of immune suppressive therapy with antithymocyte globulin and lacking an HLA-matched related or unrelated donor. The platforms of both ex vivo T-cell-depleted and unmanipulated grafts have been explored ...
Gillingwater Thomas H - - 2013
Recent developments in our understanding of events underlying neurodegeneration across the central and peripheral nervous systems have highlighted the critical role that synapses play in the initiation and progression of neuronal loss. With the development of increasingly accurate and versatile animal models of neurodegenerative disease it has become apparent that ...
Taiyoji Mayumi - - 2013
Arg-specific gingipain (Rgp) is a major pathogenic determinant of Porphyromonas gingivalis which is a major pathogen in periodontal disease. We prepared protein extracts with Rgp-inhibitory activity from polished rice (Oryza sativa) and evaluated the effects of these extracts on the growth and pathogenicity of P. gingivalis. The extracts inhibited the ...
Guimarães Lídia - - 2013
Genetic counselling must be offered in the context of presymptomatic testing (PST) for severe late-onset diseases; however, effective genetic counselling is not well defined, and measurement tools that allow a systematic evaluation of genetic practice are still not available. The aims of this qualitative study were to (1) recognize relevant ...
Adriaanse M P M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Enterocyte damage is the hallmark of coeliac disease (CD) resulting in malabsorption. Little is known about the recovery of enterocyte damage and its clinical consequences. Serum intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) is a sensitive marker to study enterocyte damage. AIMS: To evaluate the severity of enterocyte damage in ...
Mollen Saar - - 2013
In situations when people have been drinking, they often find it difficult to tell their friends to stop drinking, or not to drive home. Most people want to avoid being seen as a busybody, which may inhibit advice giving. In the current study, we investigated how positive and negative descriptive ...
Nakazawa Takuya - - 2013
There are controversial reports on the relationship between helminthic infection and allergic diseases. Although IgE cross-reactivity between nematode Ascaris antigens and house dust-mite allergens in allergic patients have been reported, whether Ascaris or the mite is the primary sensitizer remains unknown. Here we found that immunization of naïve animals with ...
Giebel S - - 2013
The optimal protocol for mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells in patients with lymphoid malignancies has not been determined so far. We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy and safety of Ara-C at a dose of 1.6 g/m(2) compared with CY at a dose of 4.0 g/m(2), both combined with filgrastim. Seventy and forty-five patients, ...
Juliachs M - - 2013
In this work we have analyzed the expression of different members of the ErbB family in human samples of germ-cell testicular tumors (GCTs). We observed expression of ErbB1 or ErbB2 in different tumor subtypes, but we also found high expression of ErbB3 in all GCTs tested. This pattern of expression ...
Ghadbane Mouloud - - 2013
A bacteriocin-producing (11,000 AU mL(-1)) strain was isolated from the rhizosphere of healthy Algerian plants Ononis angustissima Lam., and identified as Brevibacillus brevis strain GM100. The bacteriocin, called Bac-GM100, was purified to homogeneity from the culture supernatant, and, based on MALDI-TOF/MS analysis, was a monomer protein with a molecular mass ...
Freitag Christine M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Group-based social skills training (SST) has repeatedly been recommended as treatment of choice in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). To date, no sufficiently powered randomised controlled trial has been performed to establish efficacy and safety of SST in children and adolescents with HFASD. In this randomised, multi-centre, controlled ...
Sato Fumihiko - - 2013
Plant cell cultures are widely used in the micro-propagation of clonal plants, especially virus-free plants, and in the production of useful metabolites such as paclitaxel. On the other hand, the use of plant cell cultures for the more basic characterization of plant functions is rather limited due to the difficulties ...
Kubota Akane - - 2013
The thallus, the gametophyte body of the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha, develops clonal progenies called gemmae that are useful in the isolation and propagation of isogenic plants. Developmental timing is critical to Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, and high transformation efficiency has been achieved only with sporelings. Here we report an Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system ...
Shokri S - - 2013
High doses of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are used by some athletes to increase muscle mass, that is often associated with male infertility. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible cause/s of male infertility using a rat model by analysing sperm quality, including its protamine content and DNA ...
Wang M - - 2013
Water-soluble components of feedstuffs are mainly utilized during the early phase of microbial fermentation, which could be deemed an important determinant of gas production behavior in vitro. Many studies proposed that the fractional rate of degradation (FRD) estimated by fitting gas production curves to mathematical models might be used to ...
Martínez-Lapiscina E H - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported an increased risk for epileptic seizures in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. However, data on the pathogenesis of seizures remain inconclusive. The aim of our study is to evaluate prevalence, clinical and paraclinical features of epileptic attacks in our MS cohort and to search MS-specific risk ...
Itami Takaharu - - 2013
Tramadol is an atypical opioid analgesic widely used in small animal practice. This study was designed to determine the effect of a single intravenous (IV) dose of tramadol on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane in dogs. Six beagle dogs were anesthetized twice to determine the sevoflurane MAC with ...
Bitner Adam - - 2013
PROBLEM: Bacteria activates Toll-like receptor 4 on immune system cells leading to preterm birth (PTB). The aim of study was to evaluate the impact of maternal and fetal carriage of TLR4 gene polymorphisms on the risk of PTB. METHOD OF STUDY: Frequency of TLR4 (896A>G, 1196C>T) variants was determined in ...
de Melo Willian M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to comparatively evaluate the in vitro osteogenic potential of cells obtained from the mandibular ramus (MR, autogenous bone donor site) and from the maxillary sinus (MS) bone grafted with a mixture of anorganic bovine bone (ABB) and MR prior to titanium implant placement (MS, grafted implant ...
Breton Rosemary C - - 2013
Covering: up to November 2012Over the past 28 years there have been several thousand publications describing the use of 2D NMR to identify and characterize natural products. During this time period, the amount of sample needed for this purpose has decreased from the 20-50 mg range to under 1 mg. ...
Rüfer Florian - - 2013
Purpose:  To compare the influence of aerobic and resistance exercise on intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods:  Twenty-one healthy subjects participated. Aerobic exercise was performed using a cycle ergometer, and resistance exercise was performed with a leg curl and a butterfly machine. Intraocular pressure was measured at baseline, during exercise and 10 min ...
Liu Hua - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The purpose of the research was to find out the factors which influence plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)levels, then to assess whether preoperative plasma NT-proBNP levels could predict postoperative outcomes of cardiac surgery. METHODS: Between November 2008 and February 2010,225 patients who underwent cardiac surgery in our ...
Taguchi Tomoyasu - - 2013
The effects of 16 aliphatic aldehydes with 3-10 carbons on the growth and patulin production of Penicillium expansum were examined. When P. expansum spores were inoculated into apple juice broth, some alkenals, including 2-propenal, (E)-2-butenal, (E)-2-pentenal, and (E)-2-hexenal, inhibited fungal growth and patulin production. Their minimal inhibitory concentrations were 5, ...
Arai Hiroyuki - - 2013
The facultative photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1 has a nitric oxide-response transcriptional regulator, NnrR, and nitric oxide reductase (NOR), although it is incapable of denitrification. To investigate at the genomic level the physiological response to nitrosative stress of R. sphaeroides, the transcriptome profiles of strain 2.4.1 and its NnrR mutant ...
Yang Min - - 2013
B cells are generally considered to be positive regulators of the immune response because of their capability to produce antibodies, including autoantibodies. The production of antibodies facilitates optimal CD4(+) T-cell activation because B cells serve as antigen-presenting cells and exert other modulatory functions in immune responses. However, certain B cells ...
De Fusco Claudia - - 2013
The first enantioselective α-hydroxylation reaction of α-substituted β-ketoamides has been developed by using the commercially available hydroquinine/TBHP system. The tertiary alcohols are obtained in good to high yield and up to 83% ee, which can be improved by a single crystallization.
Jeong Yun-Mi - - 2013
To our knowledge, there is no report that directly shows an inhibitory effect of ginsenoside on melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells. Hence, we investigated whether the aglycone of Rh(4) (A-Rh4) inhibits melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells, and determined the mechanism of action of melanin inhibition. We isolated 12 ...
Wang Quanfu - - 2013
Statistical experimental designs were applied to optimize cold-active lipase production by the psychrophilic bacterium Moritella sp. 2-5-10-1. First, a Plackett-Burmen design (PBD) was used to evaluate the significant effects of various fermentation parameters. The results indicated that soybean meal, temperature, and Tween-80 had significant influences on lipase production. The levels ...
Olivieri David N - - 2013
Historically, several in vitro/ex vivo microscopy imaging techniques have been used to study cellular interactions within the uterus and the placenta. As these experimental methods have revealed compelling facts about the biologic phenomena of cell-cell contacts in these organs, they cannot be used to study complex dynamic behavior of living ...
Halim Adyani Azizah Abd - - 2013
Treatment of Bacillus licheniformis α-amylase (BLA) with guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) produced both denatured and aggregated forms of the enzyme as studied by circular dichroism, fluorescence, UV difference spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography (SEC), and enzymatic activity. The presence of CaCl(2) in the incubation mixture produced significant recovery in spectral signals, being ...
Hahn A - - 2013
SUMMARY The impact of human metapneumovirus (HMPV) in children aged >5 years and the risk factors associated with disease severity for all ages have not been well characterized. A retrospective cohort study of 238 children aged 0-15 years hospitalized over a 3-year period was performed. Medical records were reviewed for ...
Ramachandra Ranjan - - 2013
The lateral and axial resolution of three-dimensional (3D) focal series aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy was studied for samples of different thicknesses. The samples consisted of gold nanoparticles placed on the top and at the bottom of silicon nitride membranes of thickness between 50 and 500 nm. Atomic resolution was ...
Tsuzuki Satoshi - - 2013
CD36 is an integral membrane protein that mediates the cellular uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) through recognition of the oxidized glycerophospholipids (oxPLs) formed during LDL oxidation. We aimed to devise an assay system to detect binding between CD36 and oxLDL/oxPL without using recombinant proteins. A peptide corresponding to amino-acid ...
Bork Christopher - - 2013
Chromatogram overlays are frequently used to monitor inter-batch performance of bioprocess purification steps. However, the objective analysis of chromatograms is difficult due to peak shifts caused by variable phase durations or unexpected process holds. Furthermore, synchronization of batch process data may also be required prior to performing multivariate analysis techniques. ...
Sohier Jean Sebastien - - 2013
Metallo-β-lactamase (MβL) enzymes are usually produced by multiresistant Gram-negative bacterial strains and have spread worldwide. An approach based on phage display was employed to select single-domain antibody fragments (VHHs also called Nanobodies) that would inhibit the clinically relevant VIM-4 MβL. Out of more than 50 selected nanobodies, only the NbVIM_38 ...
Tsutsuura Satomi - - 2013
We incubated 11 strains of Staphylococcus aureus in a brain heart infusion broth at 10-37 °C with two inoculum sizes and examined their enterotoxin A (SEA) production by a Western blot analysis to clarify the effect of incubation temperature on SEA production. Although SEA was detected in the exponential phase ...
Patel Zara M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Concurrent septorhinoplasty (SRP) and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) has been a controversial topic in the literature over the last decade. Warnings and admonitions about the risks of performing these procedures together in a single surgery are both published and voiced at national meetings. Although pros and cons have ...
Zheng Meijuan - - 2013
The lymphatic system is important in mounting an immune response to foreign antigens and tumors in humans and animal models. The liver produces a large amount of lymph, and its lymphatic system is divided into three major components: the portal, sublobular and superficial lymphatic vessels. Despite the fact that mice ...
Szeinbach S L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While current medications used to treat patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) effectively produce sustained viral response (SVR), postponement of therapy is oftentimes attributed to patient perceptions of unfavourable outcomes. However, an instrument to assess patient perceptions of therapy (i.e. treatment satisfaction) has not been developed. AIM: To ...
Lennon P - - 2013
Introduction: Anecdotally, infectious mononucleosis is considered a more severe infection than bacterial tonsillitis, requiring a longer hospital stay. However, there is little in the literature comparing the epidemiology of the two conditions. This study aimed to compare the epidemiology of bacterial tonsillitis and infectious mononucleosis, in particular any differences in ...
Mwimanzi Philip - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Impaired HIV-1 Gag, Pol, and Env function has been described in elite controllers (EC) who spontaneously suppress plasma viremia to < 50 RNA copies/mL; however, activity of the accessory protein Nef remains incompletely characterized. We examined the ability of 91 Nef clones, isolated from plasma of 45 EC ...
Buisson A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-MRI is of value in detecting and assessing inflammation of ileal Crohn's disease (CD) remains poorly investigated. AIM: To compare DWI-MR enterography (MRE) with conventional MRE in estimating inflammation in small bowel CD, to determine an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) threshold to differentiate active from non-active ...
Arai Hiroyuki - - 2013
Pseudomonas aeruginosa has two nitric oxide (NO)-detoxification enzymes, NO reductase and flavohemoglobin, which catalyze the reduction and oxygenation of NO respectively. In this study, the NO reductase-deficient mutant showed decreased virulence against the silkworm Bombyx mori, but the flavohemoglobin-deficient mutant did not, indicating that NO-reduction is important to the full ...
Ichinose Hitomi - - 2013
The putative α-L-rhamnosidase gene from Streptomyces avermitilis was cloned and expressed. The recombinant enzyme released L-rhamnose from p-nitrophenyl α-L-rhamnoside, Citrus flavonoids such as naringin, rutin, and hesperidin, and gum arabic which is an arabinogalactan-protein. Calcium ions increased L-rhamnose production by the enzyme from gum arabic, whereas enzyme activity was not ...
Ike Masakazu - - 2013
The objective of this study was to develop an efficient production system for cellulase preparation with a high level of xylanolytic enzymes using soluble carbon sources. When xylose and arabinose were simultaneously fed with glucose and cellobiose, a mutant of Trichoderma reesei, M3-1, showed sufficient levels of cellulolytic and xylanolytic ...
Al-Kandari W Y - - 2013
Microphallid trematodes are common parasites in marine snails and crustacean hosts at Kuwait Bay. The larval stages of two microphallids, Maritrema eroliae and Probolocoryphe uca, are difficult to differentiate morphologically. In this study, two PCR-based techniques were established for quick and accurate discrimination between the larval stages of the two ...
Radach Ralph - - 2013
The study of eye movements has proven to be one of the most successful approaches in research on reading. In this overview, it is argued that a major reason for this success is that eye movement measurement is not just a methodology-the control of eye movements is actually part and ...
Konagai Chizuru - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the essence of chicken on brain function by near-infrared spectroscopy. Twelve healthy elderly subjects took the essence of chicken or a placebo for 7 d in a double-blind cross-over design study. Changes in oxy-hemoglobin concentrations in the bilateral prefrontal ...
Teles Ana - - 2013
Regulatory T cells (Treg) are one of the most and best studied immune cell population during human and murine pregnancy, and there is a general consent about their expansion during pregnancy. However, the identification of new and more reliable Treg markers during the last years resulted in some controversies about ...
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