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Cotmore Susan F SF Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, - - 2013
Parvoviruses have a linear single-stranded DNA genome, around 5 kb in length, with short imperfect terminal palindromes that fold back on themselves to form duplex hairpin telomeres. These contain most of the cis-acting information required for viral "rolling hairpin" DNA replication, an evolutionary adaptation of rolling-circle synthesis in which the ...
Mao Chai-An CA Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2013
The specification of the seven retinal cell types from a common pool of retina progenitor cells (RPCs) involves complex interactions between the intrinsic program and the environment. The proneural basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcriptional regulators are key components for the intrinsic programming of RPCs and are essential for the formation of ...
Chen Alice E - - 2013
Embryonic stem (ES) cells hold great promise with respect to their potential to be differentiated into desired cell types. Of interest are organs derived from the definitive endoderm, such as the pancreas and liver, and animal studies have revealed an essential role for Nodal in development of the definitive endoderm. ...
Uemura Mami M Department of Veterinary Anatomy, The University of Tokyo, Yayoi 1-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, - - 2013
Congenital biliary atresia is an incurable disease of newborn infants, of unknown genetic causes, that results in congenital deformation of the gallbladder and biliary duct system. Here, we show that during mouse organogenesis, insufficient SOX17 expression in the gallbladder and bile duct epithelia results in congenital biliary atresia and subsequent ...
Wang Zai - - 2013
Controlled delivery of myofibril components to the appropriate sites of assembly is crucial for myofibrillogenesis. Here, we show that kinesin-1 heavy chain Kif5b plays important roles in anterograde transport of α-sarcomeric actin, non-muscle myosin IIB, together with intermediate filament proteins desmin and nestin to the growing tips of the elongating ...
Weiss Markus - - 2013
Airway alterations found after endotracheal intubation are usually associated with mechanical trauma from the tube. However, no studies are available concerning alterations in airways that have never been intubated before. It was the aim of the study to compare endoscopic findings in the larynx and trachea of children who had ...
Lawton Andrew K AK Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2013
The tailbud is the posterior leading edge of the growing vertebrate embryo and consists of motile progenitors of the axial skeleton, musculature and spinal cord. We measure the 3D cell flow field of the zebrafish tailbud and identify changes in tissue fluidity revealed by reductions in the coherence of cell ...
Shibata Annemarie A Department of Biology, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, - - 2013
The use of combination antiretroviral nanoparticles (cART NPs) was investigated as a novel treatment approach for the inhibition of HIV-1 replication. We developed nanoparticles of biodegradable polymer, poly-(dl-lactide-co-glycolic acid; PLGA) containing efavirenz (EFV) and boosted lopinavir (lopinavir/ritonavir; LPV/r) by a high-pressure homogenization method. The method resulted in >79% drug entrapment ...
Rowe Helen M - - 2013
Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) undergo de novo DNA methylation during the first few days of mammalian embryogenesis, although the factors that control the targeting of this process are largely unknown. We asked whether KAP1 (KRAB-associated protein 1) is involved in this mechanism because of its previously defined role in maintaining the ...
Rister Jens J Department of Biology, New York University, 1009 Silver Center, 100 Washington Square East, New York, NY 10003-6688, - - 2013
In visual and olfactory sensory systems with high discriminatory power, each sensory neuron typically expresses one, or very few, sensory receptor genes, excluding all others. Recent studies have provided insights into the mechanisms that generate and maintain sensory receptor expression patterns. Here, we review how this is achieved in the ...
Chen Hannah H IU Health Methodist Cardiovascular Surgical Services, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2013
This study explored how couples living with advanced multiple sclerosis approach planning for health changes together. A qualitative descriptive approach was used, with multiple in-depth interviews. Ten couples were interviewed, consisting of 10 participants with advanced multiple sclerosis and their 10 respective spouses. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed for ...
Nuttall Gregory A - - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration issued a black box warning regarding the use of droperidol and the potential for torsade de pointes. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to determine if low-dose (0.625 mg) droperidol administration was associated with episodes of torsade de pointes in the general surgical ...
Theroux Nicole - - 2013
ABSTRACT: This article provides a clinical nursing update on major neurological complications associated with HIV and AIDS. Life expectancy for those with AIDS has increased as a consequence of antiretroviral therapy, and thus, neurological complications remain a clinical challenge. Four significant diseases associated with HIV and AIDS are addressed: HIV-associated ...
McCurry Mary K - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The types of assistance informal caregivers provide has been well documented. However, the day-to-day decisions and the resources caregivers use to make decisions have not been investigated. This study explored the decisions made by informal caregivers of multiple sclerosis care recipients and the resources they use to inform those ...
Choi Wen-Yee WY Department of Cell Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2013
Adult mammalian cardiomyocytes have little capacity to proliferate in response to injury, a deficiency that underlies the poor regenerative ability of human hearts after myocardial infarction. By contrast, zebrafish regenerate heart muscle after trauma by inducing proliferation of spared cardiomyocytes, providing a model for identifying manipulations that block or enhance ...
Nielsen Magan - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Lumbar spinal stenosis is a common condition that affects the aging population because of the natural degenerative changes the spine undergoes during the aging process. The symptoms cause decreased functionality and quality of life. Traditional surgical treatment has been a decompressive laminectomy with or without a fusion. However, a ...
Vonhoff Fernando F School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA. - - 2013
Neural activity has profound effects on the development of dendritic structure. Mechanisms that link neural activity to nuclear gene expression include activity-regulated factors, such as CREB, Crest or Mef2, as well as activity-regulated immediate-early genes, such as fos and jun. This study investigates the role of the transcriptional regulator AP-1, ...
Zhang Yujin Y Edith J. Crawley Vision Research Center/Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267, - - 2013
Conjunctival goblet cells primarily synthesize mucins to lubricate the ocular surface, which is essential for normal vision. Notch signaling has been known to associate with goblet cell differentiation in intestinal and respiratory tracts, but its function in ocular surface has yet to be fully characterized. Herein, we demonstrate that conditional ...
Malinauskiene Laura - - 2013
Several disperse dyes (DDs) are still considered to be the most important allergens in textile dermatitis, but there are sparse data about their current use in textiles. The aim of this review was to evaluate published studies and reports on contact allergy to DDs published in PubMed during the last ...
Zartman Jeremiah - - 2013
The Drosophila wing imaginal disc is a key model organ for molecular developmental genetics. Wing disc studies are generally restricted to end-point analyses of fixed tissues. Recently several studies have relied on limited data from discs cultured in uncharacterized conditions. Systematic efforts towards developing Drosophila organ culture techniques are becoming ...
Cartwright Cathy - - 2013
ABSTRACT: When an emergent ventriculostomy is required for relief of increased intracranial pressure, it is critical that participating physicians and nurses work as an efficient team for optimal outcomes. From our experience, problems in ventriculostomy insertion have occurred because of delays in obtaining correct supplies and lack of skill in ...
McCormick Margaret J - - 2013
ABSTRACT: This study embraces technology and compares two teaching strategies for the undergraduate-level nursing student: a taped digital media classroom lecture with YouTube video clips and a simulated unfolding case study experience in the nursing skills laboratory. The objective was to determine which method best promotes critical problem solving around ...
Choksawangkarn Waeowalee W Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, United - - 2013
Proteomic and other characterization of plasma membrane proteins is made difficult by their low abundance, hydrophobicity, frequent carboxylation, and dynamic population. We and others have proposed that underrepresentation in LC-MS/MS analysis can be partially compensated by enriching the plasma membrane and its proteins using cationic nanoparticle pellicles. The nanoparticles increase ...
Koller Verena J - - 2013
The present study aimed to investigate the capacity of resveratrol (RV) delivered into macrophages by bacterial ghosts (BGs), representing intact empty nonliving envelopes of Gram-negative bacteria, to modulate nitric oxide (NO) production related to the presence of the pathogen-associated molecular patterns on the surface of BGs. Incubation of the murine ...
Abramson Jeremy S JS Center for Lymphoma, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
We conducted a phase 1 trial evaluating the oral nucleoside analog clofarabine in patients with relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Patients were treated once daily on days 1 through 21 of a 28-day cycle for a maximum of six cycles. The study was conducted with a 3 + 3 design with 10 ...
Kerr Ligia R F S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To conduct the first national biological and behavioral surveillance survey for HIV among MSM in Brazil. DESIGN:: A cross-sectional surveillance study utilizing Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) in 10 cities, following formative research. Planned sample: 350 MSM reporting sex with another man in the last 12 months, at least 18 ...
Monforte Antonella d'Arminio - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To investigate whether there is any association between exposure to atazanavir (ATV), either when boosted or unboosted by ritonavir, and myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke within the D:A:D: Study. DESIGN:: Prospective cohort collaboration. METHODS:: Poisson regression was used to investigate the association between cumulative exposure to ATV and MI/stroke ...
Cantres-Rosario Yisel Y Department of Microbiology, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto - - 2013
HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) is triggered by immune activation of brain cells and remain prevalent during progressive viral infection despite antiretroviral therapy. Cathepsins and cystatins are lysosomal proteins secreted by macrophages and microglia, and may play important roles in neuroregulatory responses. Our laboratory has shown increased secretion and neurotoxicity of ...
Hung Chien-Che CC Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2013
To cause disease, Salmonella must invade the intestinal epithelium employing genes encoded within Salmonella Pathogenicity Island 1 (SPI1). We show here that propionate, a fatty acid abundant in the intestine of animals, repressed SPI1 at physiologically relevant concentration and pH, reducing expression of SPI1 transcriptional regulators and consequently decreasing expression ...
Finney Constance A M - - 2013
: Malaria and HIV-1 adversely interact, with HIV-positive individuals suffering higher parasite burdens and worse clinical outcomes. However, the mechanisms underlying these disease interactions are unclear. We hypothesized that HIV coinfection impairs the innate immune response to malaria, and that combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) may restore this response. Our aim ...
Laprade Evan J EJ Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United - - 2013
A model membrane contact system consisting of an acrylic copolymer membrane and a PDMS substrate was utilized to evaluate a recently developed nonlinear large-deformation adhesive contact analysis. Direct measurements of the local membrane apex strain during noncontact inflation indicated that the neo-Hookean model provides an accurate measure of membrane strain ...
Mozziconacci Olivier O Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, 2095 Constant Avenue, University of Kansas , Lawrence, Kansas 66047, United - - 2013
The oxidation of PTH(1-34) catalyzed by ferrous ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) is site-specific. The oxidation of PTH(1-34) is localized primarily to the residues Met[8] and His[9]. Beyond the transformation of Met[8] and His[9] into methionine sulfoxide and 2-oxo-histidine, respectively, we observed a hydrolytic cleavage between Met[8] and His[9]. This hydrolysis requires ...
Ng Sze M SM Department of Women's and Children's Health, Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. - - 2013
The major advantage of salivary cortisol sampling is that it is considerably less invasive than taking a blood sample. However, previous methods of obtaining saliva in premature infants have been poorly tolerated and inaccurate. We describe a simple, non-distressing technique for obtaining saliva samples to assess extremely premature infants' salivary ...
Beco L - - 2013
Systemic antimicrobials are critically important in veterinary healthcare and resistance is a major concern. Antimicrobial stewardship will be important in maintaining clinical efficacy by reducing the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Bacterial skin infections are one of the most common reasons for using systemic antimicrobials in dogs and cats.Appropriate ...
Bar-Shir Amnon A Division of MR Research, Institute for Cell Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
Synthetic chemistry has revolutionized the understanding of many biological systems. Small compounds that act as agonists and antagonists of proteins, and occasionally as imaging probes, have contributed tremendously to the elucidation of many biological pathways. Nevertheless, the function of thousands of proteins is still elusive, and designing new imaging probes ...
Dobarro David - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in sarcoidosis is associated with bad outcomes. Although there is interest in using pulmonary vasodilators (PVs) for PH in sarcoidosis, there are few data to support their use. In this study, a retrospective review of a cohort of patients with PH and sarcoidosis was conducted, focusing on ...
Crisalli Pete P Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5080, - - 2013
The formation of oximes and hydrazones is widely used in chemistry and biology as a molecular conjugation strategy for achieving ligation, attachment, and bioconjugation. However, the relatively slow rate of reaction has hindered its utility. Here, we report that simple, commercially available anthranilic acids and aminobenzoic acids act as superior ...
Mangalam Ashutosh K AK Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2013
The MHC in humans encodes the most polymorphic genes, the HLA genes, which are critical for the immune system to clear infection. This can be attributed to strong selection pressure as populations moved to different parts of the world and encountered new kinds of infections, leading to new HLA class ...
Wan Mimi M Department of Immunobiology, Yale University Medical School, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2013
Synthetic regulatory proteins such as tetracycline (tet)-controlled transcription factors are potentially useful for repression as well as ectopic activation of endogenous genes and also for probing their regulatory mechanisms, which would offer a versatile genetic tool advantageous over conventional gene targeting methods. In this study, we provide evidence supporting this ...
Monteiro Marta - - 2013
IL-17 production by innate-like lymphocytes, including γδ and invariant NKT (iNKT) cells, have been ascribed to specific lineages that are endowed with this functional specialization during thymic differentiation. IL-17-producing iNKT cells have been described as a CD4(-)NK1.1(-) lineage in mice and CD161(+) in humans. We found that, in mice, noncommitted ...
Fraenkel Gideon G Department of Chemistry, Ohio State University, 100 W. 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA. - - 2013
X-ray crystallographic NMR and calculational modeling studies using B3LYP/6-311G* of selected dilithium derivatives of the 1,3-butadiene dianion including cis-dilithio-1,4-bis(TMS)-2-butene·(TMEDA)(2)2, internally solvated cis-dilithio-1,4-bis[bis(2-methoxyethyl)aminomethyldimethylsilyl]-2-butene 5, and using only modeling, 1,4-dilithio-2-butene·(TMEDA)(2)9 reveal remarkably similar structural and NMR parameters. In the solid, 5 consists of unusual "T" shaped dynamic clusters. In all three bridging ...
Williams Kyle B KB Department of Microbiology, Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2013
SPOR domains are present in thousands of bacterial proteins and probably bind septal peptidoglycan (PG), but the details of the SPOR-PG interaction have yet to be elucidated. Here we characterize the structure and function of the SPOR domain for an Escherichia coli division protein named DamX. Nuclear magnetic resonance revealed ...
Kreitman Gal Y GY Department of Food Science, College of Agricultural Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, United - - 2013
In the present study, the reaction between 1-hydroxyethyl radicals (1-HER) and various wine-related phenolics and thiols, including gallic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, 3-mercaptohexan-1-ol (3MH), cysteine (Cys), and glutathione (GSH), was studied using competitive spin trapping with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and mass spectrometry. Previous studies have reported several important ...
D'Arrigo Isotta - - 2013
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) envelope glycoprotein 350/220 (gp350/220) is the most abundant molecule on the viral surface and it is responsible for the initial viral attachment to cell surface of the host. As many other viral envelope proteins, it is highly glycosylated, not least with O-linked glycans, most of which ...
Asgari Nooshin N Department of biology, Sciences and Research Branch Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2013
Numerous lines of evidence implicate Apolipoprotein E (Apo E) in lipid metabolism during pregnancy. Hence, a role for its polymorphism has been envisaged in recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) considering major structural and functional differences between different Apo E genotypes. A case control study of 81 women with two or more ...
Berzin Vel - - 2013
Acetogen Clostridum sp. MT1962 produced 287 mM acetate (p < 0.005) and 293 mM ethanol (p < 0.005) fermenting synthesis gas blend 60 % CO and 40 % H(2) in single-stage continuous fermentation. This strain was metabolically engineered to the biocatalyst Clostridium sp. MTButOH1365. The engineered biocatalyst lost production of ethanol and acetate while initiated the production of 297 mM ...
Bjørk Marie Kjærgaard - - 2013
An efficient method for analyzing illegal and medicinal drugs in whole blood using fully automated sample preparation and short ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) run time is presented. A selection of 31 drugs, including amphetamines, cocaine, opioids, and benzodiazepines, was used. In order to increase the efficiency of routine ...
Soós Zsuzsanna - - 2013
Insul(in)oma is a usually solitary or, in some cases, multifocal tumor of pancreatic beta cells. It may be a component of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. or von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. In typical forms the diagnosis - based on the Whipple triad - is simple, however, it may be difficult to ...
Li Xuejun - - 2013
A novel β-glucosidase gene, bgl1G5, was cloned from Phialophora sp. G5 and successfully expressed in Pichia pastoris. Sequence analysis indicated that the gene consists of a 1,431-bp open reading frame encoding a protein of 476 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of bgl1G5 showed a high identity of 85 % ...
Teodoro João Soeiro - - 2013
Early hyperglycemic insult can lead to permanent, cumulative damage that might be one of the earliest causes for a pre-diabetic situation. Despite this, the early phases of hyperglycemic exposure have been poorly studied. We have previously demonstrated that mitochondrial injury takes place early on upon hyperglycemic exposure. In this work, ...
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