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Wei P - - 2013
Bluetongue virus (BTV) VP2 is an important antigenic protein that can be used for the differential diagnosis of different BTV serotypes. Here, we generated a serotype-specific monoclonal antibody (mab) against BTV1. A series of peptides synthesized based on the amino acid sequence of BTV1 VP2 were screened to define (115)AQPLKVGL(122) ...
Kroiss A - - 2013
PURPOSE: We wanted to establish the range of (68)Ga-DOTA-TOC uptake in liver and bone metastases of patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NET) and to establish the range of its uptake in pancreatic NET. This would allow differentiation between physiological uptake and tumour-related somatostatin receptor expression in the pancreas (including the uncinate ...
Danilovic Debora Lucia Seguro - - 2013
Association between autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) and hepatitis C is controversial, but may occur or worsen during alpha-interferon treatment. The mechanism responsible for autoimmune diseases in infected patients has not been fully elucidated. This study aims to evaluate the frequency of AITD in chronic hepatitis C and the association of ...
Sun Jian - - 2013
Recently, microRNA-99 family members, such as miR-99a/b and miR-100, have been reported to exhibit abnormal expression in various malignant tumors, but their functions in carcinomas are controversial. In this study, we focused on miR-99a and miR-100, which were determined to be universally downregulated in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and investigated ...
Abernethy D A - - 2013
Selected demographic features and trends in bovine tuberculosis (BTB) from 1995 to 2010 are described for the countries of the UK and the Republic of Ireland, using standardised definitions and measures. All countries experienced a reduction in the number of cattle and herds and in the proportion of dairy herds, ...
Liu Bao-Tao - - 2013
Plasmid-mediated quinolone-resistance (PMQR) genes were determined by polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) in 250 Escherichia coli isolates from food-producing animals in Guangdong, China, in 2009-2010. Then, the prevalence of plasmid-mediated β-lactamase and 16S rRNA methylase genes was determined by PCRs among the PMQR-positive isolates. One hundred fifty-seven (62.8%) isolates were found ...
Nisula Sara - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) in Finnish ICUs. METHODS: This prospective, observational, multi-centre study comprised adult emergency admissions and elective patients whose stay exceeded 24 h during a 5-month period in 17 Finnish ICUs. We defined AKI first by the ...
Savas J A - - 2013
Port wine stains (PWS) are among the most common congenital vascular malformations. Unlike capillary hemangiomas, these lesions do not involute spontaneously but rather become progressively more disfiguring as the patient ages. While benign in nature, the cosmetic deformity and attendant psychological and emotional distress prompt the majority of those afflicted ...
Chen Wenjiao - - 2013
The breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) is a well-known tumor suppressor gene implicated in the predisposition of early-onset breast and ovarian cancer. The aim of this study is to identify the prognostic significance of BRCA1 in patients with gastric cancer undergoing surgery and platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy. BRCA1 ...
Gatselis Nikolaos K - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome and can progress to cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. In the last two decades, the prevalence of NAFLD has been growing in most developed countries, mainly as a consequence of its close association with obesity and diabetes ...
Belardi Girolamo - - 2013
The generation and emission of particulate matter from abrasion industry are subjects of the pollution monitoring by multidisciplinary study involving earth sciences and engineering disciplines. This work investigates the correlation between textural properties of in situ rock with class size distribution and morphology of particles generated after rock comminution and ...
De Rose Agostino Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of the preoperatively assessed tumor doubling time (DT) in patients undergoing liver resection for mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC). METHODS: We evaluated 79 patients who underwent curative resection for IHC, and in whom the same imaging technique was preoperatively ...
Kim Yangjin - - 2013
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is an early stage noninvasive breast cancer that originates in the epithelial lining of the milk ducts, but it can evolve into comedo DCIS and ultimately, into the most common type of breast cancer, invasive ductal carcinoma. Understanding the progression and how to effectively intervene ...
Liatsikos Evangelos - - 2013
PURPOSE: Barbed self-retaining sutures (SRS) have been introduced as an advance in suture technology, facilitating reconstructive laparoscopic surgery. We present the experience of three centers performing laparoscopic pyeloplasty with the use of SRS. METHODS: Preoperative, intraoperative and follow-up data were collected for 6 patients undergoing pyeloplasty using the Quill SRS ...
Berman Jared M J - - 2013
We have developed a new software application, Eye-gaze Language Integration Analysis (ELIA), which allows for the rapid integration of gaze data with spoken language input (either live or prerecorded). Specifically, ELIA integrates E-Prime output and/or .csv files that include eye-gaze and real-time language information. The process of combining eye movements ...
Kim Hye Won - - 2013
We investigated the clinical features of Korean patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) by reviewing the literature. The characteristics of AAV in Korean patients were as follows: (1) granulomatous and limited disease is prevalent in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPA), (2) ANCA positivity is lower in GPA (56.6-68.9 %) ...
Kim Mi-La - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) has increased recently as treatment options for symptomatic uterine myomas for a patient who wants to preserve her uterus. However, adequate suture of the uterine defect is difficult in LM, even for an experienced surgeon. The most time-consuming step of LM is the suturing procedure. The ...
Watanabe Yoshio - - 2013
PURPOSE: The distribution of sphincter muscle complex in anorectal malformation (ARM) needs to be investigated on a case-by-case basis. This study was undertaken to demonstrate the differences in the anal sphincter muscles between patients with the same type of ARM. Computed tomography (CT) data from cases of high- and intermediate-type ...
Schwalbe Edward C - - 2013
Molecular subclassification is rapidly informing the clinical management of medulloblastoma. However, the disease remains associated with poor outcomes and therapy-associated late effects, and the majority of patients are not characterized by a validated prognostic biomarker. Here, we investigated the potential of epigenetic DNA methylation for disease subclassification, particularly in formalin-fixed ...
Khanna A - - 2013
This article describes the operative technique that my colleagues and I apply to total mesorectal excision in patients with rectal cancer. A body of data support improvement of short-term outcomes over open resection. Although long-term data remain scarce, several ongoing trials may clarify this deficiency. The appropriateness of laparoscopy in ...
Masclaux Frederic G - - 2013
Pigs are very often colonized by Staphylococcus aureus and transmission of such pig-associated S. aureus to humans can cause serious medical, hygiene, and economic problems. The transmission route of zoonotic pathogens colonizing farm animals to humans is not well established and bioaerosols could play an important role. The aim of ...
Galliot Emmanuel - - 2013
This study investigated the brain areas involved in episodic memory retrieval of pictures depending on the characteristics of the contextual environment during encoding (i.e. presence or absence of an odor). In the first stage, subjects were presented with a series of 32 pictures. Half of the pictures were presented while ...
Zhang Qichun - - 2013
Nitrogen (N) losses from agricultural fields have been extensively studied. In contrast, surface runoff and N losses have rarely been considered for bamboo forests that are widespread in regions such as southern China. The thriving of bamboo industries has led to increasing fertilizer use in bamboo forests. In this study, ...
Seki Masafumi - - 2013
Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDRP) is a major problem among hospital-acquired infections. We had a one-month outbreak of this strain at a university hospital in Osaka, Japan, from May to June 2004. To determine the cause of the outbreak, we collected and analyzed epidemiological information about the patients from whom MDRP ...
Petrauskas Vytautas - - 2013
Volume changes that accompany protein unfolding and ligand binding are important but largely neglected thermodynamic parameters that may facilitate rational drug design. Here, we determined the volume of lead compound ICPD47 binding to an anticancer target, heat shock protein 90 N-terminal domain, using a pressure shift assay (PressureFluor). The ligand ...
Jin Peng - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is pathologically characterized by excessive accumulation of amyloid-beta (Abeta) fibrils within the brain and activation of astrocytes and microglial cells. In this study, we examined anti-inflammatory and anti-amyloidogenic effects of 2,4-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butenal (HPB242), an anti-inflammatory compound produced by the tyrosine-fructose Maillard reaction. METHODS: 12-month-old Tg2576 mice ...
Cusi Maria Grazia - - 2013
Abstract Toscana virus is the main phlebovirus circulating in Tuscany during the warm season, thus, a seroprevalence study was performed in the same area to estimate the antibody prevalence rates for sandfly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV) that is endemic in the Mediterranean countries. The low seroprevalence observed in this study ...
Guo Hongbo - - 2013
Eight strains of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) were isolated and identified in this study, from diseased pigeon flocks suspected to be infected with PPMV-1 in China between 2010 and 2012. These PPMV-1 isolates were purified using specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicken embryo cells before full-length genomic sequencing. The complete genome of ...
Bossus Maryline - - 2013
Dicentrarchus labrax migrates between sea (SW), brackish and fresh water (FW) where chloride concentrations and requirements for chloride handling change: in FW, fish absorb chloride and restrict renal losses; in SW, they excrete chloride. In this study, the expression and localization of ClC-3 and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) were studied in fish ...
Jansen Lynn A - - 2013
In an era of rapidly rising health care costs, physicians and policymakers are searching for new and effective ways to contain health care spending without sacrificing the quality of services provided. These proposals are increasingly articulated in terms of an ethical duty of stewardship. The duty of stewardship in medicine, ...
- - 2013
The BVA's head of marketing, Vicky Vine, discusses the BVA's 2012 membership research project, 'Your BVA, Your say', explaining what has been learnt from the research, and what the BVA will do with the findings.
Takagi Hiroki - - 2013
The majority of agronomically important crop traits are quantitative, meaning that they are controlled by multiple genes each with a small effect (quantitative trait loci: QTL). QTL mapping and isolation is important for efficient crop breeding by marker-assisted selection (MAS) and for a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying ...
Wang Xuewei - - 2013
The first potentiometric transducer for G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme-based biosensing has been developed by using potential responses of electrically neutral oligomeric phenols on polymeric membrane electrodes. In the presence of G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme and H(2)O(2), monomeric phenols (e.g. phenol, methylphenols, and methoxyphenols) can be condensed into oligomeric phenols. Since both substrates and products ...
Goran Jacob M - - 2013
The adsorption of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and glucose oxidase (GOx) onto carbon nanotube (CNT) and nitrogen-doped CNT (N-CNT) electrodes was investigated and found to obey Langmuir adsorption isotherm characteristics. The amount adsorbed and adsorption maximum are dependent on exposure time, the concentration of adsorbate, and the ionic strength of ...
Vural Meltem - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of the vaginal cone usage in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) treated by hormone replacement therapy (HRT). METHODS: In this prospective controlled study, vaginal cone therapy is proposed to 22 postmenopausal patients with SUI having HRT who were ...
de Queiroz Juliana Cristina - - 2013
The detection of trace concentrations of biogenic sulphides can be carried out through radiorespirometric assays. The objective of the present work was to improve the methodology for detection of H(2) S in trace concentrations, to correlate with Sulphate Reducing Bacteria activity. Serial dilutions of synthetic seawater with a pure culture ...
Ulrike Schmidt - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that clinical depression is associated with elevated basal cortisol levels in adult patients. OBJECTIVE: The present investigation tries to find out, whether this relationship also holds true in adolescents with major depression. METHODS: For 131 female subjects (63 MDD, 68 controls) the cortisol awakening response (CAR) ...
Balarini Camille M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process of the arterial walls and is initiated by endothelial dysfunction accompanied by an imbalance in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO). Sildenafil, a selective phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitor used for erectile dysfunction, exerts its cardiovascular effects by enhancing the ...
Blackhall Leslie J - - 2013
Abstract Background: Although inadequate treatment of pain is a problem for hospice patients, increases in the medical use of opioids have been accompanied by increasing levels of abuse and diversion in the community. Balancing pain relief with concerns about abuse and diversion is a difficult issue for hospices. Objectives: The ...
O'Dell Boyd L - - 2013
Zinc deficiency in 3T3 cells induced by the use of diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA) has been shown to impair calcium entry associated with failure of proliferation when the cells are stimulated with polypeptide growth factors (GF). These functions of zinc have been evaluated here in the same clone of cells by simple ...
Zirke N - - 2013
PURPOSE: Known association between tinnitus and psychological distress prompted us to examine patients with chronic tinnitus by using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), which is a standardized and reliable method used for the diagnosis of mental disorders. METHODS: One hundred patients with chronic tinnitus admitted to the Tinnitus Center, ...
Peng Zheng-Wu - - 2013
Paroxetine is a widely used antidepressant in clinic. Besides its role in inhibition of serotonin reuptake, resent studies indicate that the increase of hippocampal neurogenesis is also involved in its pharmacology. However, only limited data are available in this regard and its effect on the hippocampus-derived neural stem cell (NSCs) ...
Kacso Ina Maria - - 2013
PURPOSE: The newly discovered endothelial cell-selective adhesion molecule (ESAM) stabilizes the interendothelial tight junction; it circulates in serum as a soluble fraction. In experimental diabetes, reduced ESAM expression in the kidney is associated with albuminuria. We investigated, for the first time, serum ESAM as a predictor of progression of kidney ...
Feldthusen Caroline - - 2013
The aim of this study was to describe how persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of working age experience and handle their fatigue in everyday life. Six focus group discussions were conducted focusing on experiences of fatigue in 25 persons with RA (19 women, 6 men), aged 20-60 years. The discussions were ...
Chandra Mohan Darapaneni - - 2013
The aqueous syntheses of methyl imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines without any deliberate addition of catalyst are reported. Imidazo[1,2-a]pyrazine and imidazo[2,1-a]isoquinoline were also obtained in good yields under similar conditions. With acetonitrile as solvent, Ag- catalyzed intramolecular aminooxygenation produced imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-carbaldehydes in moderate to good yields.
Sakuraba Yasuhito - - 2013
NADPH:protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase (POR) catalyzes photoreduction of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) to chlorophyllide in chlorophyll (Chl) synthesis and is required for prolamellar body (PLB) formation in etioplasts. Rice faded green leaf (fgl) mutants develop yellow/white leaf variegation and necrotic lesions during leaf elongation in field-grown plants. Map-based cloning revealed that FGL encodes OsPORB, ...
- - 2013
November 15 and 16 saw vets from across the UK descend on London's Olympia for the fourth London Vet Show. Over 3300 vets are said to have attended - a show record.
Erickson Robert P - - 2013
There has been a recent explosion in research on Niemann-Pick type C disease. Much of the work has used mouse models or cells in culture to elucidate the pathophysiological mechanisms resulting in the phenotype of the disease. This work has generated several contrasting views on the mechanism, which are labeled ...
Kappos Ludwig - - 2013
In clinical practice natalizumab is typically used in patients who have experienced breakthrough disease during treatment with interferon beta (IFNβ) or glatiramer acetate. In these patients it is important to reduce disease activity as quickly as possible. In a phase II study, differences between natalizumab and placebo in MRI outcomes ...
Baba Yoshifumi - - 2013
Epigenetic changes such as DNA methylation, histone modification, and loss of genome imprinting play a crucial role in esophageal squamous cell carcinogenesis, along with genomic and genetic alterations. DNA methylation is a fundamental epigenetic process that modulates gene expression. Cancer cells exhibit two types of alterations of DNA methylation: global ...
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