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Results 501 - 550 of 3975
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Li Xin-Lan - - 2013
Abstract An outbreak of fever and meningitis/encephalitis occurred in Xinjiang, China, from August 5 to September 3, 2004. In preliminary diagnostic testing, several cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum samples showed positive immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody to Japanese encephalitis virus. Here, the CSF and serum samples of 6 cases collected at ...
Lemanu Daniel P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to investigate the extent to which preoperative conditioning (PREHAB) improves physiologic function and whether it correlates with improved recovery after major surgery. METHODS: An electronic database search identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the safety and efficacy of PREHAB. The outcomes studied were changes in ...
Ravindranath Kapu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to understand the epidemiology, clinical features, behavior, and the prognostic factors that influence the outcome of intracranial meningiomas in children. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with age less than 18 years who underwent surgery for intracranial meningiomas during the period of at 1988-2012 at Voluntary Health ...
Kang Bo - - 2013
Auxin plays a pivotal role in many facets of plant development. It acts by inducing the interaction between auxin-responsive (AUX/IAA) proteins and the ubiquitin protein ligase SCF(TIR) to promote the degradation of the AUX/IAA proteins. Other cofactors and chaperones that participate in auxin signaling remain to be identified. Here, we ...
Iester Michele - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Supposedly, prostaglandin analogs (PGA) could reduce the central corneal thickness (CCT), while topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (TCAI) could increase CCT. The aim of the study was to evaluate clinically significant CCT effects in patients treated with PGA or TCAI. Methods: At least 50 glaucomatous patients were saved on ...
- - 2013
The Working Time Regulations (1998), particularly in terms of 24-hour emergency cover, continue to cause confusion. The BVA has put together a myth-busting webpage -- accessible via www.bva.co.uk/guides - highlighting the key provisions that are relevant to vets working in private practice.
Ouyang Yabo - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: HIV-1 subtype B' isolates have been predominantly circulating in China. Their intra- and inter-subtype neutralization sensitivity to autologous and heterologous plasmas has not been well studied. RESULTS: Twelve HIV-1 B' clinical isolates obtained from patients were tested for their intra- and inter-subtype neutralization sensitivity to the neutralization antibodies ...
Chen Chung-Yu - - 2013
Melanoma is one of the most chemoresistant cancers in patient care. The remission rate of current therapy remains low. DC-81, an antitumor antibiotic produced by Streptomyces species, belongs to pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD), which is a potent inhibitor of nucleic acid synthesis. An enediyne contains either DNA intercalating groups or DNA minor ...
Ashraf Muhammad Aqeel - - 2013
Field and laboratory studies were conducted to estimate concentration of potential contaminants from landfill in the underlying groundwater, leachate, and surface water. Samples collected in the vicinity of the landfill were analyzed for physiochemical parameters, organic contaminants, and toxic heavy metals. Water quality results obtained were compared from published data ...
Wu Chongde - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aspartate on the acid tolerance of L. casei. Acid stress induced the accumulation of intracellular aspartate in L. casei, and the acid-resistant mutant exhibited 32.5 % higher amount of aspartate than that of the parental strain at pH 4.3. Exogenous aspartate ...
Glassey Jarka - - 2013
The advances in measurement techniques, the growing use of high-throughput screening and the exploitation of 'omics' measurements in bioprocess development and monitoring increase the need for effective data pre-processing and interpretation. The multi-dimensional character of the data requires the application of advanced multivariate data analysis (MVDA) tools. An overview of ...
Serapiao-Moraes Diana F - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the role of caffeine chronic administration during gestation of C57BL/6 mice on cardiac remodeling and the expression of components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in male offspring as adults. METHODS: Pregnant C57BL/6 female mice were divided into two groups (n = 10): Control group (C), dams ...
Li M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ichthyosis vulgaris (IV; OMIM 146700) is a very common inherited skin disorder. Loss-of-function mutations in filaggrin gene (FLG) have been identified as the cause of IV. In the previous study, we found that the percentage of FLG null mutations in atopic dermatitis (AD) associated IV was lower than that ...
Eastman Amy - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Compared with other breast cancer subtypes, triple negative breast cancers (TNBC) are associated with higher recurrence rates and worse survival. Because of the aggressive nature of TNBC, outcomes may be more sensitive to delays in time to treatment. This study evaluates whether delays from diagnosis to initial treatment in ...
Angell J W - - 2013
Drunken lamb syndrome (DLS) is a fatal disease of unknown aetiology affecting young lambs. In 2011, a prospective on farm cohort study was carried out to investigate the epidemiology and pathophysiology of DLS. Ten cases from a cohort of 1635 crossbred and pure Welsh Mountain lambs were identified as having ...
Pogoda Katarzyna - - 2013
The aim of the study was to assess the rate, pattern, and time of recurrence in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and to evaluate factors influencing recurrence and overall survival in this group of patients. Out of 2,534 consecutive breast cancer patients diagnosed between January 2005 and December 2006, ...
Han Xia - - 2013
A series of poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) homopolymers and poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate)-b-poly(acrylic acid) (PDMAEMA-b-PAA) diblock copolymers were synthesized by atomic transfer radical polymerization. Thanks to a fine tuning of the hydrophobic-hydrophilic balance by varying the molecular weight of the polymers and the pH of the aqueous solutions, as well as the ...
Attur Ravindra Prabhu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We studied the urinary abnormalities and acute kidney injury (AKI) as per RIFLE criteria in scrub typhus. METHODS: A prospective case record-based study of scrub typhus was carried out from January 2009 to December 2010 in a tertiary hospital in South India. Patients were followed up until renal recovery ...
Hidalgo-Figueroa Sergio - - 2013
A small series of thiazolidine-2,4-dione and barbituric acid derivatives 1-4 was prepared using a short synthetic route, and all compounds were characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry and NMR ((1) H, (13) C) spectroscopy. Their in vitro relative expression of PPARα and PPARγ was evaluated. Compound 1 showed an increase ...
Yılmaz Gülin - - 2013
Ghrelin is a peptide hormone that has modulatory effects on the immune system. This study was designed to evaluate plasma ghrelin levels in patients with chronic periodontitis and to investigate if a relationship exists between ghrelin and periodontal parameters, serum cytokines, and bone turnover markers. Thirty-five chronic periodontitis patients (CP) ...
Ito Toshiaki - - 2013
A 20-year-old female patient underwent urgent surgery for extensive mitral valve endocarditis. All marginal chordae and rough zone of A3 leaflet, posterior commissure leaflet, and P3 leaflet down to the annulus became defective after complete debridement of infected tissues. After annular plication, defective leaflets and chordae were reconstructed with a ...
Hou Xianhua - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) is a newly discovered Ca2+ sensor on the endoplasmic reticulum which is an indispensable part in the activation of store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOC). Recent studies demonstrate that SOC of pulmonary smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) were upregulated by chronic hypoxia which contribute to the ...
Maanan Mehdi - - 2013
Superficial and cored sediment samples from the Moulay Bousselham lagoon and sub-watershed were analyzed for Al, Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Mn, Ni, Cr, As, Hg, and Cd. The temporal and spatial distributions of the main contamination sources of heavy metals were identified and described using chemometric and geographic information system ...
Ji Yun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: During laparoscopic incisional hernia repair, conversion to open surgery is sometimes needed, especially in cases of large complicated incisional hernias. No guidelines exist for determining when conversions should be considered. This study aimed to investigate the safety of a combined technique as an alternative to conversion in the laparoscopic ...
Lau C T - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of congenital cystic lung lesions has been increasing in recent years due to better antenatal detection. With the introduction and maturation of thoracoscopy, the operative management for these lesions has seen advancement in the last decade. In this study, we aimed to compare the post-operative outcomes of ...
Berec Luděk - - 2013
Models of sexually transmitted infections have become a fixture of mathematical epidemiology. A common attribute of all these models is treating reproduction and mating, and hence pathogen transmission, as uncoupled events. This is fine for humans, for example, where only a tiny fraction of sexual intercourses ends up with having ...
Ong Elodie - - 2013
Infective endocarditis represents a classical contra-indication to thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke due to a potential increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage. However, some case reports have suggested safety and potential efficacy of intravenous or intra-arterial thrombolysis in stroke related to infective endocarditis. We present a case of ischemic stroke related ...
Li Bing - - 2013
Laparoscope-assisted diagnosis and treatment of Amyand's hernia in children are rarely reported in literature. We report our preliminary experiences to emphasize the advantages and feasibility of this procedure in six cases. Laparoscope-assisted diagnosis and treatment of Amyand's hernias in six children from October 2010 to February 2012 were performed. A ...
Dunne Eileen F - - 2013
PURPOSE: Two human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines are available to prevent cervical cancer. One early measure of HPV vaccine impact would be a reduction in vaccine-related HPV types (HPV 6, 11, 16, or 18, or HPV 16, 18) in cervical samples from young women. We aimed to assess feasibility of specimen ...
Scaglione Francesco - - 2013
New oral anticoagulants (OACs) that directly inhibit Factor Xa (FXa) or thrombin have been developed for the long-term prevention of thromboembolic disorders. These novel agents provide numerous benefits over older vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) due to major pharmacological differences. VKAs are economical and very well characterized, but have important limitations ...
Servan-Mori Edson - - 2013
To identify and analyze the factors associated with the decision of migrants suffering violence while in transit through Mexico, to continue on their trip or turn back. Cross-sectional study combining quantitative and qualitative analyses. Socio-demographic and health characteristics, as well as types of violence and factors associated with the decision ...
Li Guang-Hu - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyze β-catenin and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to investigate the association between their expression and clinicopathologic characteristics of NSCLC patients. Immunohistochemistry was performed to examine β-catenin and MMP-2 protein expression in 39 resected NSCLC samples and ...
Caruso Rosangela - - 2013
The clinical management of 'difficult' patients is a major challenge which exposes mental health teams to an increased risk of frustration and stress and may lead to professional burnout. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a cognitive-analytic therapy (CAT) based training undertaken by a mental health ...
Benson Kathleen F - - 2013
Abstract The impact of chronic inflammatory conditions on immune function is substantial, and the simultaneous application of anti-inflammatory and immune modulating modalities has potential for reducing inflammation-induced immune suppression. Sorghum-based foods, teas, beers, and extracts are used in traditional medicine, placing an importance on obtaining an increased understanding of the ...
Cambi Jacopo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the natural course of positional down-beating nystagmus (pDBN) and vertigo in patients with no evidence of central nervous system involvement and of presumed peripheral origin. Fifty-three patients with pDBN had a complete otoneurological examination. All subjects, apart from three (excluded from the ...
Zhu Liang - - 2013
In the course of this study, desorption atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (DAPCI-MS) was applied to readily acquire the mass spectral fingerprints of camphor wood and other wood samples under ambient conditions. Characteristic natural analytes, such as camphor and geraniol, were successfully detected in their protonated form and successfully ...
de Carvalho Kenia - - 2013
Plant exposure to abiotic stresses leads to an accumulation of reactive oxygen species with the concomitant increase in antioxidant defense mechanisms. Previous studies showed that exogenous application of proline mitigate the deleterious effects caused by oxidative stress due to its ability to increase the activity of antioxidant enzymes. However, there ...
Rozin Ap - - 2013
Felty's syndrome (FS) is characterized by neutropenia and splenomegaly in patients with seropositive (RF+, anti-CCP+) rheumatoid arthritis (RA). As a result of neutropenia, affected persons are increasingly susceptible to infections. In the majority of patients, FS appears in the course of long-standing and well-established RA. Manifestations of FS without clinical ...
Tibaek Sigrid - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: For decades women with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) have been referred to pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), but there is only little information on whether the women complete the programmes and why. The objectives of this study were to investigate to which extent women completed a PFMT ...
Kimura Osamu - - 2013
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) remains a defiant challenge for pediatric surgeons. Since 2003, we developed a new protocol aiming for the better outcome. In this study, the usefulness of our new protocol was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six neonates with CDH at the age of less than 24 h were ...
Kucera Jiri - - 2013
In contrast to iron-oxidizing Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, A. ferrooxidans from a stationary phase elemental sulfur-oxidizing culture exhibited a lag phase in pyrite oxidation, which is similar to its behaviour during ferrous iron oxidation. The ability of elemental sulfur-oxidizing A. ferrooxidans to immediately oxidize ferrous iron or pyrite without a lag phase ...
Xu Yingqi - - 2013
NMR studies of large proteins have gathered much interest in recent years, especially after methyl-transverse relaxation optimized spectroscopy was successfully applied to systems as large as ~1 MDa in molecular weight. However, to fully take advantage of these spectra, there is a need for convenient and robust methods for making ...
Mohapatra Soudamini - - 2013
Persistence and dissipation of quinalphos residues in/on cauliflower was studied after giving spray applications at 2 concentrations, i.e. recommended dose of 500 g a.i. ha(-1) and double the recommended dose of 1,000 g a.i. ha(-1). Residue analysis of cauliflower curds was carried out after the third spray over a period of 15 days. Initial residues ...
Plener Paul L - - 2013
PURPOSE: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been recognized as a significant mental health problem in adolescence with high prevalence rates. To date, there are few studies that compare rates of adolescent NSSI between different countries. Thus far no prevalence rates of adolescent NSSI have been reported for Austrian or Swiss community ...
Carroll Mark - - 2013
Abstract Telehealth innovation has brought important improvements in access to quality healthcare for American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Despite these improvements, substantive work remains before telehealth capability can be more available and sustainable across Indian healthcare. Some of this work will rely on system change guided by new care ...
Higham Timothy E - - 2013
Whole-body movement is an essential part of life for many animal species, and is used to evade predators, capture prey, and perform many other behaviors. In many cases, the ability to perform rapid movements may be crucial to fitness as doing so may allow animals to do things like effectively ...
Peña Nancy Villarreal - - 2013
Abstract Background: Experimental and in vitro studies have related glycemic variability (GV) with activation of oxidative stress, which could be involved in the micro- and macrovascular damage found in diabetes mellitus and in acute complications such as hypoglycemia. Some GV indexes are currently integrated in specialized Web sites for the ...
Zhang Xiaodan - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Recently, the intrinsic enzyme-like activity of nanoparticles (NPs) has become a growing area of interest. However, the analytical applications of the NPs-based enzyme mimetic are mainly concentrated on their peroxidase-like activity; no attempts have been made to investigate the analytical applications based on the oxidase mimic activities of NPs. ...
Wang Jianzhong - - 2013
Primary squamous cell carcinoma of seminal vesicle is extremely rare, and most cases regarding seminal vesicle tumors failed to address this kind of tumor. A 54-year-old male patient presented with intermittent painless visual hematuria for 6 months was hospitalized. Ultrasonography, computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a 4.4 cm × 3.6 cm × 3.0 cm mixed tumorous ...
Livingston James D - - 2013
According to procedural justice theory, a central factor shaping perceptions about authority figures and dispute resolution processes is whether an individual believes they were treated justly and fairly during personal encounters with agents of authority. This paper describes findings from a community-based participatory research study examining perceptions of procedural justice ...
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