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Results 201 - 250 of 2749
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He Haiyan - - 2013
Two novel β-glucosidases (BGHG1 and BGHG2) were purified from the enzyme extract of Aspergillus oryzae HML366 through nondenaturing gel electrophoresis and anion-exchange chromatography. The molecular weights for BGHG1 and BGHG2 were 93 and 138 kDa, respectively. The amino acid sequences were determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem time of flight. The ...
Wang Rong - - 2013
Theoretical understanding of the surface modification of Cl-passivated silicon nanocrystals (Si NCs) is rather limited, in stark contrast to that for H-passivated Si NCs. We now investigate four surface-modification schemes (silanization, alkylation, alkoxylation and aminization) that have been experimentally adopted for Cl-passivated Si NCs in the framework of density functional ...
Seubert Erica L - - 2013
Reports of toxic harmful algal blooms (HABs) attributed to the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia spp. have been increasing in California during the last several decades. Whether this increase can be attributed to enhanced awareness and monitoring or to a dramatic upswing in the development of HAB events remains unresolved. Given these uncertainties, ...
Zhang Xiaoli - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine whether glucose uptake in viable myocardium of ischemic cardiomyopathy patients depends on rest myocardial blood flow (MBF) and the residual myocardial flow reserve (MFR). METHODS: Thirty-six patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (left ventricular ejection fraction 25 ± 10 %) were studied with (13)N-ammonia and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ...
Qiu Xiaoqing - - 2013
A direct and scalable approach for the synthesis of iron sulfide (FeS(2)) films on flexible iron (Fe) foil in aqueous solution has been developed.
Wang Lianggui - - 2013
This research involved the use of response surface methodology (RSM) to investigate the adsorption of Disperse Red 167 dye onto the bamboo-based activated carbon activated with H(3)PO(4) (PBAC) in a batch process. F400, a commercially available activated carbon, was used in parallel for comparison. Analysis of variance showed that input ...
Poutiainen Pekka Kalevi - - 2013
Luciferase reporter assays are commonly used in high-throughput screening methods. Here, we report new firefly luciferase (FLuc) inhibitors based on 5-benzyl-3-phenyl-4,5-dihydroisoxazoles and 5-benzyl-3-phenyl-1,4,2-dioxazoles, which showed up as "false positives" in a luciferase reporter gene-based assay for nuclear receptor antagonists. The inhibition was shown to be non-competitive for both natural enzyme ...
Liu Guang Jian - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this report is to inform medical professionals of a case in which brachiocephalic vein thrombosis caused a transient ischemic attack (TIA). A brain computerized tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), digital subtraction angiography (DSA), head and lung CT angiography (CTA), jugular venography, cardiac color Doppler ...
Shivashri C - - 2013
Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver damage is one of the most common problems among the population. Therefore, the study was aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of celery leaves on APAP-induced toxicity in a freshwater fish, Pangasius sutchi. Fish were divided into four experimental groups of 6 fish each. Group 1 served ...
Leistner David M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is continuous debate to the use of biomarkers in the general practitioners office and to what degree the established biomarkers N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) might contribute to improved prediction of incident cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility and 5-year predictive value ...
Varakin D Alexander - - 2013
The current experiments examined the hypothesis that scene structure affects time perception. In three experiments, participants judged the duration of realistic scenes that were presented in a normal or jumbled (i.e., incoherent) format. Experiment 1 demonstrated that the subjective duration of normal scenes was greater than subjective duration of jumbled ...
Costa Débora Coimbra - - 2013
Severe hypoxia induces oxidative stress, which can lead to brain injury. In this study, we wanted to determine whether intermittent hypobaric hypoxia induces oxidative stress in the brain. In adult rats exposed to 380 mmHg in a hypobaric chamber for 3 h/day for 6 days, we determined the levels of malondialdehyde and nitric ...
Mozaffarian Rebecca S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Eating whole grains (WG) is recommended for health, but multiple conflicting definitions exist for identifying whole grain (WG) products, limiting the ability of consumers and organizations to select such products. We investigated how five recommended WG criteria relate to healthfulness and price of grain products. DESIGN: We categorized grain ...
Alcaro Stefano - - 2013
Oxovitisin is a natural antioxidant present in aged wine and comes from the chemical transformation undergone by anthocyanins and pyranoanthocyanins. Its antioxidant radical scavenging capacity was theoretically explored by DFT/B3LYP methods. The O-H bond dissociation energy (BDE), the ionization potential (IP), the proton affinity (PA) and the metal-oxovitisin binding energy ...
Hsieh Ching-Hua - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Previously, we had identified a specific whole blood--derived microRNAs (miRNAs) signature in mice following in vivo injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) originated from Gram-negative bacteria. This study was designed to profile the circulating miRNAs expression in mice exposed to lipoteichoic acid (LTA) which is a major component of the ...
Ho Ya-Yeh - - 2013
Bacterial allantoinase (ALLase) and dihydroorotase (DHOase) are members of the cyclic amidohydrolase family. ALLase and DHOase possess similar binuclear metal centers in the active site in which two metals are bridged by a post-translationally carboxylated lysine. In this study, we determined the effects of carboxylated lysine and metal binding on ...
Celekli Abuzer - - 2013
The effective disposal of redundant elephant dung (ED) is important for environmental protection and utilization of resource. The aim of this study was to remove a toxic-azo dye, Reactive Red (RR) 120, using this relatively cheap material as a new adsorbent. The FTIR-ATR spectra of ED powders before and after ...
Quoidbach Jordi - - 2013
We measured the personalities, values, and preferences of more than 19,000 people who ranged in age from 18 to 68 and asked them to report how much they had changed in the past decade and/or to predict how much they would change in the next decade. Young people, middle-aged people, ...
Ronson Tanya K - - 2013
A variety of different three-dimensional metal-organic container molecules have recently been prepared using subcomponent self-assembly, which relies upon metal template effects to generate complex structures from simple molecular precursors and metal salts. Many of these structures have well defined internal pockets, allowing guest species to be bound and the chemical ...
You Yonghe - - 2013
Interleukin (IL)-21, which is secreted by activated CD4(+) T cells and NKT cells, has been found to be able to influence the humoral and cell-mediated immune responses and have potent antitumor activity in animal models. This study was to investigate the impact of genetic polymorphisms in IL-21 on survival of ...
Higaki Yusuke - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Almost all small animal SPECT is performed with pinhole collimators (PH), including single-PH (SPH) and multi-PH (MPH). In the clinical study, not only PH but also parallel-hole collimator (PAH) is often used in planar and SPECT imaging. However, there have been no comparative studies on image quality with various ...
Patrelli Tito Silvio - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of oestrogen plus progestogen therapy (EPT) on the lipid metabolism of menopausal patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on 223 patients with clinical and blood chemistry diagnosis of menopause, who were eligible for hormone therapy and a follow-up period lasting at least 5 years. We ...
Xingmao Zhang - - 2013
Local recurrence is a major setback for patients with rectal cancer after surgery. Implantation of exfoliated malignant cells has been considered as a possible mechanism of tumor recurrence. Although still controversial, intra-operative rectal washout has been described as a method to remove exfoliated malignant cells and reduce recurrence rates. The ...
Fan Xiujuan - - 2013
A novel nanocarrier of magnetic Fe(3)O(4)-graphene nanocomposites (MGNs) was proposed as an effective drug delivery system for cancer treatment. The nanocarrier was synthesized by covalently attaching modified Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles onto water-soluble graphene sheets via the formation of an amide bond with the aid of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyaminopropyl) carbodiimide. The obtained MGNs exhibited ...
Ma He - - 2013
The near-infrared photoresponse of a single suspended carbon nanocoil (CNC) is investigated. Under the irradiation of a 785 nm laser beam, the photoresponse is generated in the voltage-biased CNC. At a voltage of 50 mV, the ratio of the conductance change to the initial conductance, which is defined as the ...
Lee Youngjun - - 2013
We synthesized a series of Seoul-Fluor-based lipid droplet bioprobes with a linear range of lipophilicity and identified SF44 and SF58 as SF-based LD bioprobes in microalgae for biofuel research as well as in mammalian cells. Unlike Nile Red, SF-based bioprobes can stain algal LDs with excellent efficiency under the non-invasive ...
Xu Junjie - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Yunnan has the largest number of reported HIV/AIDS cases among all Chinese provinces, the reported prevalence of HIV among Yunnan men who have sex with men (MSM) passed 10%, while HIV incidence epidemic and molecular characteristics of new infected Yunnan MSM were not evaluated before. METHODS: An 18 ...
Sagarzazu Gabriel - - 2013
Time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) and transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy are conducted in order to get knowledge on the excited state of CdSe nanorods (NR), and to assess the impact of Au nanoparticles (NP) on the carrier dynamics of hybrid Au-CdSe NRs. The decay dynamics measured in solution show an increase of ...
Sainsbury Peter Geoffrey - - 2013
The prevalence of chronic diseases has increased in recent decades. Some forms of the built environment adopted during the 20th century-e.g., urban sprawl, car dependency, and dysfunctional streetscapes-have contributed to this. In this article, I summarise ways in which the built environment influences health and how it can be constructed ...
Kong Feng - - 2013
Past studies have suggested important links between valence and perception and action in physical space. The present study aimed to test the associations between emotional valance for words or faces and manual responses in left- and right-handers. We employed a divided output (bimanual) reaction time paradigm in which participants had ...
Pearson James - - 2013
Dehydration and hyperthermia reduces leg blood flow (LBF), cardiac output ([Formula: see text]) and arterial pressure during whole-body exercise. It is unknown whether the reductions in blood flow are associated with dehydration-induced alterations in arterial blood oxygen content (C (a)O(2)) and O(2)-dependent signalling. This study investigated the impact of dehydration ...
Tako Elad - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Iron (Fe) deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide. Iron biofortification is a preventative strategy that alleviates Fe deficiency by improving the amount of absorbable Fe in crops. In the present study, we used an in vitro digestion/Caco 2 cell culture model as the guiding tool for ...
Cheng Libao - - 2013
Basic leucine zipper transcription factor (bZIP) is involved in signaling transduction for various stress responses. Here we reported a bZIP transcription factor (accession: JX887153) isolated from a salt-resistant lotus root using cDNA-AFLP approach with RT-PCR and RACE-PCR method. Full-length cDNA which consisted of a single open reading frame encoded a ...
Di Pierro Francesco - - 2013
Background: Streptococcus salivarius K12 has been shown to inhibit the growth of Streptococcus pyogenes due to bacteriocins release. Because of its ability to colonize the oral cavity, we have tested the strain K12 for its efficacy in preventing streptococcal pharyngitis and/or tonsillitis in adults. Methods: Forty adults with a diagnosis ...
Pradas Jesús - - 2013
Our objective was to determine the incidence and clinical-epidemiological characteristics of an ALS cohort patient in Catalonia (Spain). We conducted a population based registry for a three-year period (1999-2001) in Catalonia (6,361,365 inhabitants) using several sources of information. The original El Escorial diagnostic criteria (1994) for ALS were applied for ...
Xiao C C - - 2013
AIM: Rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) was a rare disease. This study sought to summarize clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of rectal GISTs. METHODS: Clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of rectal GISTs were investigated by reviewing patients undergoing curative resection at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between 1986 and ...
Amato G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The study is focused on recognizing the histological changes of the structures close to and around the hernia opening in patients having direct inguinal hernia. METHODS: In 15 patients with primary bilateral direct inguinal hernia who underwent a Stoppa open posterior inguinal hernia repair, tissue specimens from the abdominal ...
Bel-Serrat Silvia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare, specifically by age group, proxy-reported food group estimates obtained from the food frequency section of the Children's Eating Habits questionnaire (CEHQ-FFQ) against the estimates of two non-consecutive 24 h dietary recalls (24-HDR). DESIGN: Estimates of food group intakes assessed via the forty-three-food-group CEHQ-FFQ were compared with those ...
Orski Sara V - - 2013
A two-dimensional model of a solid-supported enzyme catalyst bead is fabricated on a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) sensor to measure in situ interfacial stability and mechanical properties of Candida antarctica Lipase B (CAL B) under varied conditions relating to ring-opening polymerization. The model was fabricated using a ...
Ko Shun-Yao - - 2013
Diabetic cardiomyopathy has been shown to promote hypertrophy, leading to heart failure. Recent studies have reported a correlation between diabetic cardiomyopathy and oxidative stress, suggesting that the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In a clinical setting, AGEs have been shown ...
Kwon Kyung-Hoon - - 2013
Human chromosome 11 is the third gene-rich chromosome having 1304 protein-coding genes. According to the GeneCards, this chromosome contains 240 genes related to diseases, as it is well known as a disease-rich chromosome. Although there are many protein-coding genes, the proteomic identification ratio is rather low. As a model study, ...
Liu Jie - - 2013
To individually optimize contrast medium protocol for high-pitch prospective ECG-triggering coronary CT angiography using body weight. Ninety patients undergoing high-pitch coronary CT angiography were randomly assigned to 3 contrast medium injection protocols with bolus tracking technique: Group A, 0.7 ml CM per kg patient weight (ml/kg); Group B, 0.6 ml/kg; Group C, ...
Liuzza Marco Tullio - - 2013
Although considered a predominantly automatic social behaviour, gaze following (GF) is sensitive to complex social factors like political affiliation and ideology. The present study aimed to determine whether the differential proneness to in-group leaders' gaze is related to attitudes towards politicians as measured by other implicit procedures. A GF paradigm ...
Bradley Walter G - - 2013
There is a broad scientific consensus that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is caused by gene-environment interactions. Mutations in genes underlying familial ALS (fALS) have been discovered in only 5-10% of the total population of ALS patients. Relatively little attention has been paid to environmental and lifestyle factors that may trigger ...
Jackson Alun C - - 2013
Gambling prevalence studies are typically conducted within a single (landline) telephone sampling frame. This practice continues, despite emerging evidence that significant differences exist between landline and mobile (cell) phone only households. This study utilised a dual-frame (landline and mobile) telephone sampling methodology to cast light on the extent of differences ...
Chen Siming - - 2013
A widely used reducing agent tris-(2-carboxyethyl) phosphine significantly promotes the reaction of cisplatin with Sp1 zinc finger protein. This discovery clarifies the reactivity of cisplatin towards Sp1 zinc finger protein and implies that the reactions of platinum drugs could be largely influenced by small molecules with a strong trans effect.
Schell Caroline - - 2013
Symptoms of limb apraxia and executive dysfunctions are currently not explicitly considered by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and, thus, not routinely tested by clinicians in the acute care of patients with suspected stroke. Neuropsychological testing, clinical examination, MRI, and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were performed in ...
Quillérou Emmanuelle - - 2013
Fishing capacity management policies have been traditionally implemented at national level with national targets for capacity reduction. More recently, capacity management policies have increasingly targeted specific fisheries. French fisheries spatially vary along the French coastline and are associated to specific regions. Capacity management policies, however, ignore the capital mobility associated ...
Asgeirsdottir Gudlaug Helga - - 2013
PURPOSE: Spirituality is one of the main aspects of palliative care. The concept is multidimensional and encompasses the existential realm as well as value-based and religious considerations. The aim of this study was to explore spirituality from the perspective of persons receiving palliative care and examine their experience of spirituality ...
Forse Catherine L - - 2013
Lymphatic invasion (LVI) is associated with disease recurrence in axillary node-negative (ANN) breast cancer. Using gene expression profiling of 105 ANN tumors, we found that podocalyxin (PODXL) was more highly expressed in tumors with LVI (LVI+) than in those without LVI (LVI-). Differences in PODXL expression were validated using real-time ...
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