Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2749
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Tako Elad - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Iron (Fe) deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide. Iron biofortification is a preventative strategy that alleviates Fe deficiency by improving the amount of absorbable Fe in crops. In the present study, we used an in vitro digestion/Caco 2 cell culture model as the guiding tool for ...
Cheng Libao - - 2013
Basic leucine zipper transcription factor (bZIP) is involved in signaling transduction for various stress responses. Here we reported a bZIP transcription factor (accession: JX887153) isolated from a salt-resistant lotus root using cDNA-AFLP approach with RT-PCR and RACE-PCR method. Full-length cDNA which consisted of a single open reading frame encoded a ...
Di Pierro Francesco - - 2013
Background: Streptococcus salivarius K12 has been shown to inhibit the growth of Streptococcus pyogenes due to bacteriocins release. Because of its ability to colonize the oral cavity, we have tested the strain K12 for its efficacy in preventing streptococcal pharyngitis and/or tonsillitis in adults. Methods: Forty adults with a diagnosis ...
Pradas Jesús - - 2013
Our objective was to determine the incidence and clinical-epidemiological characteristics of an ALS cohort patient in Catalonia (Spain). We conducted a population based registry for a three-year period (1999-2001) in Catalonia (6,361,365 inhabitants) using several sources of information. The original El Escorial diagnostic criteria (1994) for ALS were applied for ...
Xiao C C - - 2013
AIM: Rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) was a rare disease. This study sought to summarize clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of rectal GISTs. METHODS: Clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of rectal GISTs were investigated by reviewing patients undergoing curative resection at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between 1986 and ...
Yang Yue - - 2013
Water displacement plays critical role in several phases of drug discovery. Proper treatment of displacing water could improve enrichment in virtual screening and could lead to more successes in lead optimization. WaterMap has recently emerged as a promising approach in this regard; recent implementations of this protocol successfully explained various ...
Moldan Filip F IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Box 53021, 400 14, Gothenburg, Sweden. - - 2013
Decades of acid deposition have caused acidification of lakes in Sweden. Here we use data for 3000 lakes to run the acidification model MAGIC and estimate historical and future acidification. The results indicate that beginning in about 1920 a progressively larger number of lakes in Sweden fell into the category ...
Takagi Kiyoshi - - 2013
Mitotic checkpoint is a fundamental mechanism involved in fidelity mitotic chromosome segregation, and its alteration results in progression of human malignancies. In this study, we examined expression profiles of seven mitotic checkpoint genes in 20 breast carcinomas using microarray analysis. Results demonstrated that BUB1 expression level was closely correlated with ...
Takagi Rika - - 2013
A microfluidic device was developed for rapid determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of antibiotics against bacteria. A small volume of sample solution was introduced into multiple chambers simultaneously, and the growth of bacteria was quantified using a noninvasive three-dimensional (3D) visualization technique.
Hwang Melody - - 2013
Preterm birth is the single most important cause of perinatal mortality in North America. Given that American Indians/Alaskan Natives (AI/ANs) in the United States continue to have adverse birth outcomes, the purpose of this study is to compare the risk of preterm birth among AI/AN mothers to Non-Hispanic White mothers ...
Yoshida Toyokazu - - 2013
The nitrilase gene of Rhodococcus rhodochrous J1 was expressed in Escherichia coli using the expression vector, pKK223-3. The recombinant E. coli JM109 cells hydrolyzed enantioselectively 2-methyl-2-propylmalononitrile to form (S)-2-cyano-2-methylpentanoic acid (CMPA) with 96 % e.e. Under optimized conditions, 80 g (S)-CMPA l(-1) was produced with a molar yield of 97 % at 30 °C after ...
Jordens Christopher F C - - 2013
Concerns are frequently raised about the extent to which formal consent procedures actually lead to "informed" consent. As part of a study of consent to high-risk medical procedures, we analyzed in-depth interviews with 16 health care professionals working in bone-marrow transplantation in Sydney, Australia. We find that these professionals recognize ...
Shao Hongwei H Methodist Hospital Research Institute, 6670 Bertner Avenue, Houston, - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating and chronic neurodegenerative disease without any known cure. In the brain and spinal cord of both patients and animal models with ALS, neuroinflammation is a prominent pathological hallmark which is characterized by infiltrating T cells at sites of motor neuron injury. Their presence ...
Haldimann M - - 2013
Migration experiments with small sheets cut out from ovenable PET trays were performed in two-sided contact with 3% acetic acid as food simulant at various temperatures. The fraction of diffusible antimony (Sb) was estimated to be 62% in the PET sample under study. Apparent diffusion coefficients of Sb in PET ...
Høiseth Gudrun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Exact information on drug use is important information at admittance to hospital departments. The aim of this study was to validate the information given in the referral regarding benzodiazepine use by analysis of serum samples. METHODS: A total of 241 patients were included at admittance to a geriatric psychiatry ...
Tanizawa Kiminobu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study is to determine the roles of IRF5 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in sarcoidosis. METHODS: A total of 175 Japanese patients with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis and 150 sex-matched controls were genotyped for four IRF5 ...
Saris Christiaan G J - - 2013
The exact pathogenic cascade leading to motor neuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is unknown. Gene expression profiles of ALS-affected spinal cord and motor neurons have been well established in mice and man. We provide a meta-analysis of the reported significant gene lists of gene expression studies in ALS, ...
Bulli Francesco - - 2013
Background: Hoarding is associated with significant impairment. Although traditionally considered as a symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), some authors have proposed that pathological hoarding could be considered as a stand alone condition. The prevalence of pathological hoarding behaviour has been shown to be high in some countries, but little is ...
Dieterich M - - 2013
Since the scandal of the poly-implant protheses (PIP) breast implants, all patients with PIP are advised to have their implants removed. With approximately 400,000 PIP implants sold worldwide breast, surgeons will be confronted with these patients. Histologic examination in the reported case showed silicone infiltration into fatty tissue and breast ...
Ueno Kosei - - 2013
Plasmonic chemistry, a new research field dedicated to understanding plasmon-enhanced photochemical reactions, has become a principal area of chemical research, especially in the field of physical chemistry. In this perspective review article, we describe our recent research regarding the development of a fabrication methodology for metallic nanostructures that exhibit localized ...
Braun S - - 2013
Absolute temperature is usually bound to be positive. Under special conditions, however, negative temperatures-in which high-energy states are more occupied than low-energy states-are also possible. Such states have been demonstrated in localized systems with finite, discrete spectra. Here, we prepared a negative temperature state for motional degrees of freedom. By ...
Huang Xiaohong - - 2013
SUMMARY Actin depolymerizing factors regulate actin dynamics involved in cellular processes such as morphogenesis, motility, development and infection. Here, a novel actin depolymerizing factor gene (CiADF 2 ) was cloned from the cDNA library of Cryptocaryon irritans, a parasitic ciliate causing cryptocaryonosis. The full-length cDNA of CiADF 2 was 531 bp. ...
Wang Lu - - 2013
The different low index surface terminations of lithium tetraborate, Li(2)B(4)O(7), are dominated by electronic states that fall within the band gap of the projection of the bulk states. As a pyroelectric material, lithium tetraborate, Li(2)B(4)O(7), is a wide band gap dielectric, yet the (110) surface has a much smaller band ...
Hackney Amy L AL Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Ave, W., Waterloo, ON, - - 2013
Young and older adults demonstrate differences in action when passing through confined spaces (Warren and Whang in J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 13:371-383, 1987; Hackney and Cinelli in Gait Posture 33:733-736, 2011). However, it is unknown whether or not these differences in actions exist during non-confined multiple obstacle avoidance ...
Kamali Arash - - 2013
The major language pathways such as superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF) pathways have been outlined by experimental and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies. The SLF I and some of the superior parietal lobule connections of the SLF pathways have not been depicted by prior DTI studies due to the lack of ...
De Salvo G G Southampton Eye Unit, University Hospital Southampton, Southampton, - - 2013
To describe two cases of retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP)-like lesion following radiation therapy for primary tumor. Retrospective evaluation of two patients with previous irradiation treatment for a pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland and a vocal cord carcinoma, respectively. Visual acuity (VA), fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography were performed ...
Ji Xiaofan - - 2013
By introducing a third arm with two anionic carboxylate groups, a water-soluble bis(m-phenylene)-32-crown-10-based cryptand was synthesized. Its pH-controlled host-guest complexation with a paraquat derivative in water was studied.
Alaves Victor M - - 2013
Air samples were collected in 12 randomly selected commercial nail salons in Salt Lake County, Utah. Measurements of salon physical/chemical parameters (room volume, CO(2) levels) were obtained. Volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations were collected using summa air canisters and sorbent media tubes for an 8-h period. Multivariate analyses were used ...
Fraczek Joanna - - 2013
Vorinostat and romidepsin were the first histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors (HDi) that fulfilled the preclinical promise of anticancer potential in clinical trials. Nevertheless, they merely opened a new chapter in the history of cancer therapy. Demonstration of their antitumor activity was a straightforward task in in vitro setting. Proving their ...
Kortrijk H E - - 2013
In a population of dually diagnosed patients receiving assertive community treatment we used the theoretical framework of the transtheoretical model to establish (a) the proportions and characteristics of patients who were not motivated for treatment for psychiatric symptoms and substance use, (b) the proportion of patients who moved towards behavioral ...
Bácskai Tímea - - 2013
We have mapped the motor neurons (MNs) supplying the major hindlimb muscles of transgenic (C57/BL6J-ChAT-EGFP) and wild-type (C57/BL6J) mice. The fluorescent retrograde tracer Fluoro-Gold was injected into 19 hindlimb muscles. Consecutive transverse spinal cord sections were harvested, the MNs counted, and the MN columns reconstructed in 3D. Three longitudinal MN ...
Klykens J - - 2013
The regulatory framework of tissue banking introduces a number of requirements for monitoring cleanrooms for processing tissue or cell grafts. Although a number of requirements were clearly defined, some requirements are open for interpretation. This study aims to contribute to the interpretation of GMP or GTP guidelines for tissue banking. ...
Fang Y-T YT Institute of Health and Welfare Policy, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2013
This study was conducted to examine the atropine eye drop prescription trend for children diagnosed with myopia, and to determine the factors associated with the prescription of atropine eye drops. This was a population-based cross-sectional study. This study was conducted using a national representative sample from the National Health Insurance ...
Pang Hao H Department of Orthopaedics, Southwest Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine whether the addition of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contributes to restoring the architectural and functional properties of newly formed bone for reconstruction of bone defects. Bone marrow-derived EPCs and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were co-seeded onto demineralized bone matrix (DBM) as a ...
Holmlund Helena - - 2013
The aim of this study is to estimate the causal effect of family size on the proximity between older mothers and adult children by using a large administrative data set from Sweden. Our main results show that adult children in Sweden are not constrained by sibship size in choosing where ...
Ma Xiao-Ying - - 2013
Mitochondrial dysfunction is an early defect in the pathogenesis of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). One interesting candidate gene for mitochondrial dysfunction in LOAD is the translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 40 homolog (TOMM40) gene. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within TOMM40 have been shown to affect susceptibility to LOAD in ...
Seidl Roman R Institute for Environmental Decisions, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. - - 2013
Interdisciplinary scientific knowledge is necessary but not sufficient when it comes to addressing sustainable transformations, as science increasingly has to deal with normative and value-related issues. A systems perspective on coupled human-environmental systems (HES) helps to address the inherent complexities. Additionally, a thorough interaction between science and society (i.e., transdisciplinarity = TD) ...
Almeida C - - 2013
We developed a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method for the rapid detection of Proteus spp. in urine, using a novel peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe. Testing on 137 urine samples from patients with urinary tract infections has shown specificity and sensitivity values of 98 % (95 % CI, 93.2-99.7) and 100 % ...
Vartanian Lenny R - - 2013
Several recent anti-obesity campaigns appear to embrace stigmatization of obese individuals as a public health strategy. These approaches seem to be based on the fundamental assumptions that (1) obesity is largely under an individual's control and (2) stigmatizing obese individuals will motivate them to change their behavior and will also ...
Fiacconi Chris M - - 2013
In the current study, we examined how short-term memory for location-identity feature bindings is influenced by subsequent cognitive and perceptual processing demands. Previous work has shown that memory performance for feature bindings can be disrupted by the presentation of subsequent visual information, particularly when this information is similar to that ...
Chaput B - - 2013
Prophylactic mastectomies have increased during the last 10 years. Breast reconstructions with free flaps are performed because they provide natural and long-lasting results. In bilateral mastectomy, a simultaneous bilateral superior gluteal artery perforator (SGAP) flap can provide good reconstruction with autologous tissue and low donor-site morbidity. This report describes the case ...
Clarke Don B - - 2013
The scientific literature contains evidence suggesting that women who have been treated for breast cancer may, as a result of their diagnosis, increase their phyto-oestrogen (PE) intake. In the present paper, we describe the creation of a dietary analysis database (based on Dietplan6) for the determination of dietary intakes of ...
Krammer Julia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: By analyzing bone scans we aimed to determine whether the assessment of the central skeleton is sufficient for osseous staging in breast cancer patients. This might be of interest for future staging modalities, especially positron emission tomography/computed tomography, usually sparing the peripheral extremities, as well as the skull. MATERIALS ...
Venara A - - 2013
Liver vascularization is known to present with several different variations. Generally, a normal vascular anatomy is reported in up to 50-80 % of cases. For this reason, a precise preoperative mapping of the hepatic vascularization prior to pancreatic surgery is essential to avoid injuries and subsequent complications. We report here ...
Trepte Constantin J C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) remains a life-threatening disease with classic etiology of systemic inflammatory response and mortality between 30 and 50 %. The aim of the present study is to compare two different treatment strategies of goal-directed hemodynamic management and evaluate their impact on survival, microcirculation, tissue oxygenation, and histopathologic ...
Liang X Q - - 2013
Resource-conserving irrigation and fertilizer management practices have been developed for rice systems which may help address water quality concerns by reducing N and P losses via surface runoff. Field experiments under three treatments, i.e., farmers' conventional practice (FCP), alternate wetting and drying (AWD), and AWD integrated with site-specific nutrient management ...
Mc Ardle B A - - 2013
Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) has gained significant interest in recent years with the emergence of advanced imaging modalities such as MRI and F(18)-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) as modalities to aid in the diagnosis of this condition. CS remains a difficult condition to diagnose, particularly in cases of isolated cardiac involvement and ...
Vu Ly P LP Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
Histone-modifying enzymes have recently been shown to play a central role in the regulation of both normal and malignant hematopoiesis. Post-translational modifications of histones and non-histone proteins underlies a regulatory complexity affecting numerous processes including transcriptional regulation, RNA processing and DNA damage response. Insights into the functions of these enzymes ...
Tractenberg Rochelle E - - 2013
Multiple choice (MC) questions from a graduate physiology course were evaluated by cognitive-psychology (but not physiology) experts, and analyzed statistically, in order to test the independence of content expertise and cognitive complexity ratings of MC items. Integration of higher order thinking into MC exams is important, but widely known to ...
Khalifa Tarek - - 2013
The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of semen extender on sperm chromatin structure and to correlate chromatin integrity with field-fertility of preserved ram semen. Ejaculates of at least 2 × 10(9) sperm/ml and 70 % progressive motility were collected using an artificial vagina from Chios rams (n = 11, 4-6 years old), split-diluted ...
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