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Liu Dong-Lin - - 2013
Dual stimuli-sensitive star polypeptide was for the first time synthesized and self-assembled into reduction- and thermo-sensitive micelles and hydrogels, demonstrating tunable size, mechanical and triggered drug-release properties useful for on-demand drug delivery.
Torborg Christian - - 2013
Stable and active Ru olefin metathesis catalyst bearing a sterically reduced NHC ligand was synthesized. Upon action of pyridine, forms complex , the first example of an Ru-indenylidene catalyst bearing a labile pyridine ligand and a sterically less demanding NHC ligand.
Renata Hans - - 2013
Here, we report on a scalable route to the polyhydroxylated steroid ouabagenin with an unusual take on the age-old practice of steroid semisynthesis. The incorporation of both redox and stereochemical relays during the design of this synthesis resulted in efficient access to more than 500 milligrams of a key precursor ...
Mullin B C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sleep loss produces abnormal increases in reward seeking but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are poorly understood. The present study examined the influence of one night of sleep deprivation on neural responses to a monetary reward task in a sample of late adolescents/young adults. Method Using a within-subjects crossover ...
Li Fujun - - 2013
A Li-O(2) battery with TiN nanoparticles supported on Vulcan XC-72, n-TiN/VC, as the cathode catalyst presented an onset potential for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) at 2.9 V, contrasting with a mixture of micro-sized TiN and VC (m-TiN/VC), and VC, both at ∼3.1 V. The discharge-recharge voltage gap of n-TiN/VC ...
Spinale Joann M - - 2013
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is an important cause of acute kidney injury (AKI). The outcomes of STEC HUS have improved, and the acute mortality rate in children is 1-4 %. About 70 % of patients recover completely from the acute episode and the remainder have varying degrees ...
Sheehy Tony - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Trinidad and Tobago has experienced an epidemiological transition over recent decades characterised by reduced rates of communicable diseases but rapidly increasing rates of obesity and non-communicable chronic diseases. The objective of the present study was to investigate the changes in energy and nutrient supply that have taken place in ...
Yang Tae-Youl - - 2013
The enhancement of the electrical conductivity by doping is important in hematite (α-Fe(2)O(3)) photoanodes for efficient solar water oxidation. However, in spite of many successful demonstrations using extrinsic dopants, such as Sn, Ti, and Si, the achieved photocurrent is still lower than the practical requirement. There is still lack of ...
Mozzati M - - 2013
This prospective study compares two different surgical protocols with different degrees of invasiveness for tooth extraction in patients treated with oral bisphosphonates (BPs). No intraoperative complications were observed in either of the two groups, and there was no evidence of postoperative bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw in any of the ...
Stancher Gionata - - 2013
Discrimination of quantity has been argued to rely on two non-verbal representational systems: an object file system (OFS) for representing small values (≤3-4) and an analog magnitude system (AMS) for representing large magnitudes (>4). Infants' ability to discriminate 1 versus 2, 1 versus 3, 2 versus 3, but not 1 ...
Madeira Marta S - - 2013
The present study assessed the effect of pig genotype (fatty v. lean) and dietary protein and lysine (Lys) levels (normal v. reduced) on intramuscular fat (IMF) content, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) deposition, fatty acid composition and mRNA levels of genes controlling lipid metabolism. The experiment was conducted on sixty intact ...
Nivison-Smith Ian - - 2013
ABSTRACT This population registry-based study followed all cases of myeloma diagnosed in New South Wales Australia during 2002 to 2005 and compared survival outcomes of those who proceeded to autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) with those who did not. Data available consisted of demographic details and survival, and did not ...
Zeng Chao - - 2013
Expression of heparanase is associated with invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis of a variety of human cancers. However, the roles of heparanase in cervical cancer are not clear. The aim of this study is to determine whether up-regulation of heparanase expression can promote growth of cervical cancer in vitro and in ...
Dastager Syed G - - 2013
The occurrence and distribution of an actinobacteria group of bacteria capable of dissolving insoluble phosphates were investigated in this study in marine environments, especially in sediments of Chorao Island, Goa Province, India. A total of 200 bacterial isolates of actinobacteria was isolated. All isolates were screened for phosphate-solubilizing activity on ...
Bryant Keneshia - - 2013
Among African-Americans, the faith community has a long history of providing support to its members. Because African-American men tend to delay and decline traditional depression treatment, the faith community may be an effective source of support. The aim of this study was to determine how a rural African-American faith community ...
Declerck Paul J - - 2013
Monoclonal antibodies (MAs) are complex biotherapeutics as their molecular mechanism of action depends on multiple domains. Consequently regulatory approval of biosimilars of MAs is subjected to specific, science-based guidelines. An extensive comparative in vitro characterization to evaluate the biosimilarity of the various functional domains is required. The exquisite species specificity ...
Ghanaati Shahram - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Osteoinductive bone substitutes are defined by their ability to induce new bone formation even at heterotopic implantation sites. The present study was designed to analyze the potential osteoinductivity of two different bone substitute materials in caprine muscle tissue.Materials and methods: One gram each of either a porous beta-tricalcium ...
Kulkarni Sameer S - - 2013
A practical and efficient amidation reaction involving aromatic aldehydes and various azides under mild conditions is described. A broad spectrum of functional groups was tolerated, and the amides were synthesized in moderate to excellent yields, presenting an attractive alternative to the currently available synthetic methods.
Reeve Bryce B - - 2013
PURPOSE: An essential aspect of patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) and comparative effectiveness research (CER) is the integration of patient perspectives and experiences with clinical data to evaluate interventions. Thus, PCOR and CER require capturing patient-reported outcome (PRO) data appropriately to inform research, healthcare delivery, and policy. This initiative's goal was ...
Härtel Barbara - - 2013
A forwards genetic screen of a chemically mutated plant population identified mitochondrial RNA editing factor 10 (MEF10) in Arabidopsis thaliana. MEF10 is a trans-factor required specifically for the C to U editing of site nad2-842. The MEF10 protein is characterized by a stretch of pentatricopeptide repeats (PPR) and a C-terminal ...
O'Leary Timothy P - - 2013
We examined measures of locomotor and anxiety-like behavior in male and female mice of 15 inbred strains on the elevated-plus maze, light/dark transition box and open field. Strain differences were found on all measures of locomotor activity and anxiety. Strain means for measures of locomotor activity on the three apparatus ...
Rivera Itza - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare pain frequency in early and late stages of ALS and to describe the relationship between pain intensity and functional status. Sixty-four patients in different stages of ALS were asked to complete the Neuropathic Pain Scale and to draw the localization of their ...
Czirják Gábor Arpád - - 2013
The preen gland is a holocrine sebaceous gland of the avian integument which produces an oily secretion that is spread on the plumage during preening. It has been suggested that birds may defend themselves against feather-degrading bacteria (FDB) and other potential pathogens using preen gland secretions. However, besides some in ...
Sun Shi-Fang - - 2013
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a major regulator of angiogenesis in the process of tumor growth and metastasis. Different VEGF gene polymorphisms have been shown to result in different VEGF protein expression in cancer cells and tumor angiogenic activity. We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the genetic effects ...
Downie R A - - 2013
Thermoelectric figures of merit, ZT > 0.5, have been obtained in arc-melted TiNiSn-based ingots. This promising conversion efficiency is due to a low lattice thermal conductivity, which is attributed to excess nickel in the half-Heusler structure.
Vijayalakshmi Poreddi - - 2013
The present descriptive study investigated the impact of socio-economic status in meeting the human rights needs among randomly selected recovered psychiatric patients (n = 100) at a tertiary care center. Data was collected through face to face interview, using structured Needs Assessment Questionnaire. The findings revealed that the participants from below poverty ...
Saur Lisiani - - 2013
Physical exercise has an important influence on brain plasticity, which affects the neuron-glia interaction. Astrocytes are susceptible to plasticity, and induce and stabilize synapses, regulate the concentration of various molecules, and support neuronal energy metabolism. The aim of our study was to investigate whether physical exercise is capable of altering ...
Kang Xiangdong - - 2013
The reversible dehydrogenation properties of the 2LiBH(4)-MgH(2) composite can be effectively improved by incorporating heterogeneous nucleation agents, typically transition metal borides. A careful study of the 2LiBH(4)-MgH(2) composite with a titanium trifluoride (TiF(3)) additive finds that using the conventional one-step milling method renders only a partial conversion from TiF(3) to ...
Wang Yanyan - - 2013
In this paper, the fabrication, characterization and application in oxygen sensing are reported for a novel multifunctional nanomaterial of [Ru(bpy)2phen-MMS] (bpy: 2,2'-bipyridyl, phen: phenathrolin) which was simply prepared by covalently grafting the ruthenium(II) polypyridyl compounds into the channels of magnetic mesoporous silica nanocomposites (MMS). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron ...
Kim Heejin - - 2013
A novel hierarchical ZnO nanostructure array composed of nanosheet branched (NB) ZnO nanorods (NRs) has been fabricated using a two-step solution reaction. The obtained nanosheet branched (NB) ZnO nanorods (NRs) exhibited considerably enhanced light capturing compared with ZnO thin films and ZnO nanorods. This combined 2D (nanosheet) and 1D (nanorod) ...
Xie Song-Tao - - 2013
The generation of induced neuronal cells from human bone marrow stromal stem cells (hBMSCs) provides new avenues for basic research and potential transplantation therapies for nerve injury and neurological disorders. However, clinical application must seriously consider the risk of tumor formation by hBMSCs, neural differentiation efficiency and biofunctions resembling neurons. ...
Almeida C - - 2013
We developed a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method for the rapid detection of Proteus spp. in urine, using a novel peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probe. Testing on 137 urine samples from patients with urinary tract infections has shown specificity and sensitivity values of 98 % (95 % CI, 93.2-99.7) and 100 % ...
Vartanian Lenny R - - 2013
Several recent anti-obesity campaigns appear to embrace stigmatization of obese individuals as a public health strategy. These approaches seem to be based on the fundamental assumptions that (1) obesity is largely under an individual's control and (2) stigmatizing obese individuals will motivate them to change their behavior and will also ...
Fiacconi Chris M - - 2013
In the current study, we examined how short-term memory for location-identity feature bindings is influenced by subsequent cognitive and perceptual processing demands. Previous work has shown that memory performance for feature bindings can be disrupted by the presentation of subsequent visual information, particularly when this information is similar to that ...
Clarke Don B - - 2013
The scientific literature contains evidence suggesting that women who have been treated for breast cancer may, as a result of their diagnosis, increase their phyto-oestrogen (PE) intake. In the present paper, we describe the creation of a dietary analysis database (based on Dietplan6) for the determination of dietary intakes of ...
Krammer Julia - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: By analyzing bone scans we aimed to determine whether the assessment of the central skeleton is sufficient for osseous staging in breast cancer patients. This might be of interest for future staging modalities, especially positron emission tomography/computed tomography, usually sparing the peripheral extremities, as well as the skull. MATERIALS ...
Venara A - - 2013
Liver vascularization is known to present with several different variations. Generally, a normal vascular anatomy is reported in up to 50-80 % of cases. For this reason, a precise preoperative mapping of the hepatic vascularization prior to pancreatic surgery is essential to avoid injuries and subsequent complications. We report here ...
Trepte Constantin J C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) remains a life-threatening disease with classic etiology of systemic inflammatory response and mortality between 30 and 50 %. The aim of the present study is to compare two different treatment strategies of goal-directed hemodynamic management and evaluate their impact on survival, microcirculation, tissue oxygenation, and histopathologic ...
Liang X Q - - 2013
Resource-conserving irrigation and fertilizer management practices have been developed for rice systems which may help address water quality concerns by reducing N and P losses via surface runoff. Field experiments under three treatments, i.e., farmers' conventional practice (FCP), alternate wetting and drying (AWD), and AWD integrated with site-specific nutrient management ...
Braun S - - 2013
Absolute temperature is usually bound to be positive. Under special conditions, however, negative temperatures-in which high-energy states are more occupied than low-energy states-are also possible. Such states have been demonstrated in localized systems with finite, discrete spectra. Here, we prepared a negative temperature state for motional degrees of freedom. By ...
Huang Xiaohong - - 2013
SUMMARY Actin depolymerizing factors regulate actin dynamics involved in cellular processes such as morphogenesis, motility, development and infection. Here, a novel actin depolymerizing factor gene (CiADF 2 ) was cloned from the cDNA library of Cryptocaryon irritans, a parasitic ciliate causing cryptocaryonosis. The full-length cDNA of CiADF 2 was 531 bp. ...
Wang Lu - - 2013
The different low index surface terminations of lithium tetraborate, Li(2)B(4)O(7), are dominated by electronic states that fall within the band gap of the projection of the bulk states. As a pyroelectric material, lithium tetraborate, Li(2)B(4)O(7), is a wide band gap dielectric, yet the (110) surface has a much smaller band ...
Kamali Arash - - 2013
The major language pathways such as superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF) pathways have been outlined by experimental and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies. The SLF I and some of the superior parietal lobule connections of the SLF pathways have not been depicted by prior DTI studies due to the lack of ...
Ji Xiaofan - - 2013
By introducing a third arm with two anionic carboxylate groups, a water-soluble bis(m-phenylene)-32-crown-10-based cryptand was synthesized. Its pH-controlled host-guest complexation with a paraquat derivative in water was studied.
Alaves Victor M - - 2013
Air samples were collected in 12 randomly selected commercial nail salons in Salt Lake County, Utah. Measurements of salon physical/chemical parameters (room volume, CO(2) levels) were obtained. Volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations were collected using summa air canisters and sorbent media tubes for an 8-h period. Multivariate analyses were used ...
Cobb Kim M - - 2013
The El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) drives large changes in global climate patterns from year to year, yet its sensitivity to continued anthropogenic greenhouse forcing is uncertain. We analyzed fossil coral reconstructions of ENSO spanning the past 7000 years from the Northern Line Islands, located in the center of action for ...
Vandevijvere Stefanie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Lycopene is a potent antioxidant, and it has been suggested that intake of tomatoes and tomato products containing lycopene is associated with a decreased risk of various chronic diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the distribution of dietary lycopene intake in the Belgian population and ...
Zheng Meige - - 2013
Abstract Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by accumulation of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Amyloid-β (Aβ) is widely recognized as a key factor in the pathogenesis of AD. Aβ(1-42,) a major component of amyloid plaques, has shown synaptotoxicity associated with impaired long-term potentiation and cognitive deficits. ...
Eren Mehmet Ali - - 2013
PURPOSE: Association of serum osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels and cardiovascular disorders has been shown previously. The aim of this observational study was to investigate the relationship between parity, OPG and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in premenopausal women. METHODS: A total of 128 women (mean age ± SD, 37.8 ± 4.7 years) were divided into three group ...
Kanagasabai Parimala Suganthini - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Auditory, Tactile, Visual and Vestibular stimulus (ATVV) on neuromotor development in preterm infants. METHODS: Fifty preterm infants born at 28-36 wk with a birth weight ranging from 1,000-2,000 g were recruited for the study. They were block randomized into a control group (n = 25) and study group ...
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