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Hui Feng-Li - - 2013
Four yeast strains were isolated from rotting wood samples collected from two sites in the Baotianman Nature Reserve and the Laojieling Nature Reserve in China. DNA sequence comparison and other taxonomic characteristics identified the strains as a single novel species of the genus Metschnikowia. The name Metschnikowia henanensis sp. nov. ...
Deckers Jan - - 2013
Partly in response to rising rates of obesity, many governments have published healthy eating advice. Focusing on health advice related to the consumption of animal products (APs), I argue that the individualistic paradigm that prevails must be replaced by a radically new approach that emphasizes the duty of all human ...
Raber-Durlacher Judith E - - 2013
AIM: This study was aimed to investigate whether any association could be found between the presence of an inflamed and infected periodontium (e.g., gingivitis and periodontitis) and the development of bacteremia during neutropenia following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: Eighteen patients underwent a periodontal examination before HSCT. Patients ...
Castelo-Branco D S C M - - 2013
This study aimed at evaluating the in vitro antifungal susceptibility of Candida albicans isolates obtained during necropsy of a wild Brazilian porcupine and the mechanism of azole resistance. Initially, we investigated the in vitro susceptibility of the three isolates to amphotericin B, caspofungin, fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole and voriconazole. Afterwards, three ...
Agostini Elizabeth - - 2013
In recent years, hairy roots (HRs) have been successfully used as research tools for screening the potentialities of different plant species to tolerate, accumulate, and/or remove environmental pollutants, such as PCBs, TNT, pharmaceuticals, textile dyes, phenolics, heavy metals, and radionuclides. This is in part due to several advantages of this ...
Wordsworth Robin - - 2013
Understanding how Earth has sustained surface liquid water throughout its history remains a key challenge, given that the Sun's luminosity was much lower in the past. Here we show that with an atmospheric composition consistent with the most recent constraints, the early Earth would have been significantly warmed by H(2)-N(2) ...
Santos Daniel W C L - - 2013
Subcutaneous infections caused by melanised fungi have been increasingly reported among transplant patients, and these infections have the potential for blood and visceral dissemination. Some moulds, such as Mycelia sterilia, cannot grow and sporulate on different media, making their identification impossible by conventional methods. The fast and accurate identification of ...
Zhang Huacheng - - 2013
Host-guest complexation between pillararene trimer 1 and biviologen 2 was used to fabricate the dynamic supramolecular self-assembly, which exhibits a reversible multidimensional transformation from 0D to 3D upon concentration changes. As a comparison, assemblies built by the complexation between 1,4-dimethoxypillar[5]arene and 2 only show spherical morphology under similar conditions.
Oakley M Anne - - 2013
Abstract The current study is the first to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief relational-cultural model of therapy in a community-based mental health center for women. The study was distinctive in its use of a hybrid model that employed elements of randomized control and naturalistic design. Results showed that the ...
Pawlowiez Ralph - - 2013
Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP), a disease caused by consuming fish that have accumulated ciguatoxins (CTXs) in their tissue, is regarded as the most prevalent form of intoxication in French Polynesia. Recently, the Australes, one of the least affected archipelago until the early 1980s, has shown a dramatic increase in its ...
Hulshof Peter J H - - 2013
Tactical planning of resources in hospitals concerns elective patient admission planning and the intermediate term allocation of resource capacities. Its main objectives are to achieve equitable access for patients, to meet production targets/to serve the strategically agreed number of patients, and to use resources efficiently. This paper proposes a method ...
Shirai Mikiyasu - - 2013
Synchrotron radiation (SR) is increasingly being used for micro-level and nano-level functional imaging in in vivo animal experiments. This review focuses on the methodology that enables repeated and regional assessment of vessel internal diameter and flow in the resistance vessels of different organ systems. In particular, SR absorption microangiography approaches ...
Barrio-Cantalejo Ines M - - 2013
Objective: To measure the stability of life-sustaining treatment preferences amongst older people and analyse the factors that influence stability. Design: Longitudinal cohort study. Setting: Primary care centres, Granada (Spain). Eighty-five persons age 65 years or older. Participants filled out a questionnaire with six contexts of illness (LSPQ-e). They had to decide ...
Uchino Haruto - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Postoperative hyperperfusion may lead to severe neurological complications after superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis. However, there are no reliable modalities to predict the occurrence of postoperative hyperperfusion during surgery. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether a semiquantitative analysis of indocyanine green (ICG) ...
Yang Yu-Qiang - - 2013
The high salinity and fat contents of kitchen waste (KW) inhibits the effect of two-phase anaerobic digestion system. This research introduces fruit-vegetable waste (FVW) to alleviate the inhibition effect caused by salinity and fat concentrations, and tries to achieve an optimal addition ratio of FVW, an optimal hydraulic remain time ...
Liu Ying-Jian - - 2013
There are limitations in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules, especially follicular lesions, and their pathogenesis remains unclear. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) has been implicated in tumor cell apoptosis, transformation, invasion, and metastasis; however, its role in thyroid nodules is undetermined. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship ...
Compston Juliet - - 2013
Recent studies indicate that fractures in obese postmenopausal women and older men contribute significantly to the overall fracture burden. The effect of obesity is to some extent site-dependent, the risk being increased for some fractures and decreased for others, possibly related to different patterns of falling and the presence or ...
Moal Séverine Le - - 2013
We have investigated the growth of ultrathin titanium oxide (TiO(x)) films on a Pt(3)Ti(111) single crystal surface as a function of oxidation temperature (300-1000 K) and oxygen exposure (up to 4500 l) by means of Auger electron spectroscopy, low-energy electron diffraction, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy and high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS). Both ...
Maayah Zaid H - - 2013
Sunitinib (SUN) is a new multi-targeted oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has both anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activities. However, information reported in the literature on the effects of SUN on the constitutive expression of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) gene in cells from mammalian species remains unclear. Therefore, the main objectives of ...
Shalini Jayakumar - - 2013
Significant difference was observed for the simultaneous detection of dopamine (DA), ascorbic acid (AA), and uric acid (UA) mixture using nitrogen incorporated diamond nanowire (DNW) film electrodes grown by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. For the simultaneous sensing of ternary mixtures of DA, AA, and UA, well-separated voltammetric peaks ...
Nelson Rebecca - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is ongoing debate whether extended lymphadenectomy improves survival in gastric cancer patients who undergo surgical resection. We previously observed that Korean-American patients had the highest overall survival in Los Angeles County. Our objective was to assess lymph node (LN) number and its impact on survival for Korean-American gastric ...
Chiriacò Maria Serena - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most aggressive and lethal cancers in Europe and the United States. It has a very low 5 years-survival rate and its diagnosis is often late and imprecise due to the lack of specificity of currently used markers for PDAC. As previously demonstrated ...
Niva Camilla - - 2013
PURPOSE: To date, γ-secretase inhibition is the most frequently studied mechanism of reducing Aβ in clinical trials with as yet no therapeutic success for AD patients, as measured by the slowing down of cognitive decline or an improvement in cognitive function. The aims of this investigation were to evaluate whether ...
Bonate Peter L - - 2013
Monte Carlo simulation was used to assess the performance of linear mixed effect models (LMEMs) to characterize the concentration-effect relationship when both parent and metabolite concentrations were available. Parent and metabolite concentrations were simulated under an experimental design that mimicked a thorough QT study. Simulations were done where both parent ...
Vrijsen Bart - - 2013
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is widely used to improve alveolar hypoventilation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Several studies indicate a better survival when NIV is used, certainly in patients with none to moderate bulbar dysfunction. Data on quality of life (QoL) are rather disputable. Overall QoL is shown to be equivalent in ...
Cañas Fernando - - 2013
Partial and non-adherence to medication is a common problem in schizophrenia, leading to an increased risk of relapse, increased likelihood of hospitalization and poorer long-term outcomes. In contrast, continuous medication in the treatment of schizophrenia is associated with positive outcomes, including improved clinical status, improved quality of life and functioning, ...
Fèvre Maréva - - 2013
The chemistry of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) has witnessed tremendous development in the past two decades: NHCs have not only become versatile ligands for transition metals, but have also emerged as powerful organic catalysts in molecular chemistry and, more recently, in metal-free polymer synthesis. To understand the success of NHCs, this ...
Pepek Joseph M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: To examine toxicity and outcomes for patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for gastric cancer. METHODS: Patients with gastroesophageal (GE) junction (Siewert type II and III) or gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent neoadjuvant CRT followed by planned surgical resection at Duke University between 1987 and 2009 were reviewed. Overall ...
Pendyala Brahmaiah - - 2013
CYP102A5 variant (ADL27534) from isolated Bacillus cereus CYPPB-1 was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli Top 10 cells. Comparative sequence analysis of purified CYP102A5 variant with respect to reported CYP102A5 (AAP10153) from Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 revealed amino acid sequence changes at positions P245S and M318I of heme domain. The binding ...
Breen K J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been voiced regarding the impact of the European Working Time Directive (EWTD) on surgical training. Following its introduction (August 2009) in Wexford General Hospital, Ireland Surgical Senior House Officers (SSHOs) are required to leave the hospital at 10 a.m. the morning after on-call duty. This study investigates the ...
Schönknecht Peter - - 2013
The hypothalamus and its subdivisions are involved in many neuropsychiatric conditions such as affective disorders, schizophrenia, or narcolepsy, but parcellations of hypothalamic subnuclei have hitherto been feasible only with histological techniques in postmortem brains. In an attempt to map subdivisions of the hypothalamus in vivo, we analyzed the directionality information ...
Li Jun - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To induce rapid hepatic hypertrophy and to reduce post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF), associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has been recently developed for patients with a limited future liver remnant. The aim of this study was to further assess the perioperative risk of this ...
Bado-Nilles Anne - - 2013
The neutral red retention assay has been proposed to determine the lysosomal membrane stability in immune cells. Nevertheless, this assay implies many examinations under a microscope at short time intervals and therefore the analysis of few samples. The present study proposes two more rapid, efficient, and sensitive sample analyses using ...
Koponen Marjaana P H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Frail older people have a decreased ability to respond to stressors and may therefore be more susceptible to adverse events related to inadequately treated pain. Conversely, aging- and frailty-related changes in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics may predispose frail older people to adverse events of analgesics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this ...
Vasan Rohit - - 2013
PURPOSE: Pediatric intracranial aneurysms constitute a medical disease process with many unique features that present unique challenges in orchestrating their treatment. Conflicts exist in pediatric aneurysm literature as to whether endovascular therapy is equivalent to surgical therapy in assuring durable aneurysm obliteration in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The national ...
Hirota Ryuichi - - 2013
phoU mutants of bacteria are potentially useful for the removal of inorganic phosphate (P(i)) from sewage because they can accumulate a large amounts of polyphosphate (polyP). However, the growth of phoU mutants is severely defective and is easily outgrown by revertant(s) that have lost the ability to accumulate polyP during ...
Droppelmann Cristian A - - 2013
Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor (RGNEF) is a novel NFL mRNA destabilizing factor that forms neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions in spinal motor neurons in both sporadic (SALS) and familial (FALS) ALS patients. Given the observation of genetic mutations in a number of mRNA binding proteins associated with ALS, including TDP-43, FUS/TLS ...
An Xueqin - - 2013
A novel thermosensitive liposomes with embedded Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) in the bilayer of liposomes was prepared by a combination method of film build and supercritical CO2 incubation. The AuNPs-liposomes are possessed of structure of AuNPs embedded in the bilayer and drug encapsulated in the central aqueous compartment. The AuNPs in ...
Kortrijk H E - - 2013
In a population of dually diagnosed patients receiving assertive community treatment we used the theoretical framework of the transtheoretical model to establish (a) the proportions and characteristics of patients who were not motivated for treatment for psychiatric symptoms and substance use, (b) the proportion of patients who moved towards behavioral ...
Bácskai Tímea - - 2013
We have mapped the motor neurons (MNs) supplying the major hindlimb muscles of transgenic (C57/BL6J-ChAT-EGFP) and wild-type (C57/BL6J) mice. The fluorescent retrograde tracer Fluoro-Gold was injected into 19 hindlimb muscles. Consecutive transverse spinal cord sections were harvested, the MNs counted, and the MN columns reconstructed in 3D. Three longitudinal MN ...
Klykens J - - 2013
The regulatory framework of tissue banking introduces a number of requirements for monitoring cleanrooms for processing tissue or cell grafts. Although a number of requirements were clearly defined, some requirements are open for interpretation. This study aims to contribute to the interpretation of GMP or GTP guidelines for tissue banking. ...
Medverd Jonathan R - - 2013
Radiologists routinely make decisions with only limited information when assigning protocol instructions for the performance of advanced medical imaging examinations. Opportunity exists to simultaneously improve the safety, quality and efficiency of this workflow through the application of an electronic solution leveraging health system resources to provide concise, tailored information and ...
Holmlund Helena - - 2013
The aim of this study is to estimate the causal effect of family size on the proximity between older mothers and adult children by using a large administrative data set from Sweden. Our main results show that adult children in Sweden are not constrained by sibship size in choosing where ...
Ma Xiao-Ying - - 2013
Mitochondrial dysfunction is an early defect in the pathogenesis of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). One interesting candidate gene for mitochondrial dysfunction in LOAD is the translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 40 homolog (TOMM40) gene. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within TOMM40 have been shown to affect susceptibility to LOAD in ...
Su Zhaohong - - 2013
We report on the thiol-ene chemistry guided preparation of a novel thiolated polymeric nanocomposite involving polyaniline (PANI), a functionalized thiol, e.g., sulfur-rich 2,5-dimercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole (DMcT), and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for the sensitive differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetric determination of Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Briefly, the ...
Schrewe Brett - - 2013
More than 100 years following its publication, the Flexner Report endures as a principal text in contemporary medical education. While recent scholarship has questioned popular conceptions of the report and attends to marginalized passages, explanations as to why the Flexner story endures as myth in medical education remain absent in the ...
Peters Tracy L - - 2013
Our objective was to examine whether severe head injury, subtypes of head injury, or repeated head injuries are associated with ALS risk based on the Swedish population and health registers. We conducted a case-control study, nested within a cohort of 5,764,522 individuals who were born in Sweden during 1901-1970 and ...
Liu Dong-Lin - - 2013
Dual stimuli-sensitive star polypeptide was for the first time synthesized and self-assembled into reduction- and thermo-sensitive micelles and hydrogels, demonstrating tunable size, mechanical and triggered drug-release properties useful for on-demand drug delivery.
Lawrence Ryan E - - 2013
Abstract Earlier data suggested that religious physicians are less likely to refer to a psychiatrist or psychologist. This follow-up study measures how religious beliefs affect anxiety treatments in primary care. We surveyed US primary care physicians and psychiatrists using a vignette of a patient with anxiety symptoms. Physicians were asked ...
Torborg Christian - - 2013
Stable and active Ru olefin metathesis catalyst bearing a sterically reduced NHC ligand was synthesized. Upon action of pyridine, forms complex , the first example of an Ru-indenylidene catalyst bearing a labile pyridine ligand and a sterically less demanding NHC ligand.
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