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Jang Dae-Hyun - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is generally used to assess dysphagia and aspiration, although false-negative results may be obtained. Saliva aspiration may cause false-negative VFSS findings in elderly people. A radionuclide salivagram can be useful in detecting saliva aspiration. We therefore compared these two methods for the evaluation of ...
Ni Yong - - 2013
BODIPY derivatives with one or two benzene units fused at different positions are prepared using novel synthetic methods. The resulting dye shows deep red fluorescence with a large Stokes shift. Dyes and are reported for the first time and exhibits near infrared absorption. The impact of benzannulation at different positions ...
Roy Anirban - - 2013
Abstract Bisphenol A (BPA) is a high production volume endocrine disrupting chemical that is widely used in many consumer products and prevalent in human biological fluids. Recent studies suggest that BPA is active even at low levels, raising concern about its potential harm to human health. Given that the main ...
Chen Jia-Qi - - 2013
Psoriasis, a common inflammatory skin disease, is characterized by epidermal hyperplasia, abnormal differentiation, angiogenesis, immune activation, and inflammation. Involucrin is an early terminal differentiation marker of epidermal keratinocytes. In this study, we determined the immunolocalization of involucrin in psoriatic lesions and normal skin of individuals without psoriasis by means of ...
Fravolini M L - - 2013
This paper proposes a scheme for the control of the blood glucose in subjects with type-1 diabetes mellitus based on the subcutaneous (s.c.) glucose measurement and s.c. insulin administration. The tuning of the controller is based on an iterative learning strategy that exploits the repetitiveness of the daily feeding habit ...
Vanderoost Jef - - 2013
Resorption cavities formed during the bone remodelling cycle change the structure and thus the mechanical properties of trabecular bone. We tested the hypotheses that bone stiffness loss due to resorption cavities depends on anatomical location, and that for identical eroded bone volumes, cavities would cause more stiffness loss than homogeneous ...
Yazyev Oleg V - - 2013
Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) are one-dimensional nanostructures predicted to display a rich variety of electronic behaviors. Depending on their structure, GNRs realize metallic and semiconducting electronic structures with band gaps that can be tuned across broad ranges. Certain GNRs also exhibit a peculiar gapped magnetic phase for which the half-metallic state ...
Dolister Michael - - 2013
Purpose: Central venous catheters (CVCs) are often placed to resuscitate unstable emergency department (ED) patients. In an observational study, we assessed intraosseous (IO) vascular access in the hospital, and compared results to published experiences with CVC placement. 
Methods: Patients who would typically receive a CVC were considered for the study. ...
Delgado M - - 2013
The main aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of different poultry manure landfill leachates, using a well-known toxicity test system (MS3). The bioassay was made using a battery of toxicity tests including acute toxicity with crustacean (Daphnia magna), algae (Chlorella vulgaris) and the in vitro toxicity test ...
Matsushita Satoshi - - 2013
This review presents recent advances in the synthesis, electrochemical properties, and optical functions of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) derivatives embodying chirality and liquid crystallinity. Various methods for preparing the optically active and liquid crystalline (LC) PEDOT derivatives, such as (i) the introduction of chiral substituents into polymer side chains, (ii) chemical or ...
Slater Robert A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The possible effect of random intra-site placement on the outcome of the Semmes-Weinstein monofilament (SWF) test is not known. We sought to determine the significance of this variable in the diagnosis of loss of protective sensation (LOPS) in patients with diabetes. METHODS: Forty-five patients with diabetes with history of ...
Li Chen - - 2013
This study aims to investigate the expression and significance of KPNA2 in human gastric adenocarcinoma progression and prognosis. Using immunohistochemistry and real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay, we identified abnormally elevated expression of KPNA2 in gastric adenocarcinoma tissues compared to paired normal stomach mucosa tissues in 30 patients (p < 0.05). ...
Carlsen Kathrine - - 2013
Background. Although up to 80% of women can return to work after treatment for breast cancer, maintaining an affiliation to the labour market may be a challenge, as shown by the fact that the risks for unemployment and early retirement are increased in the years after treatment of cancer. It ...
Söderfeldt Ylva - - 2013
In 1802, the director of the Berlin Royal Deaf-Mute Asylum, Ernst Adolph Eschke, performed an experiment to investigate the possibility of curing deafness by means of galvanism. This article explores the hope for a cure for deafness that was connected to the voltaic pile, and concludes that the treatment was ...
Lin Chun-Yuan - - 2013
The association between schizophrenia and cancer risks is controversial in the clinical and epidemiological literature. Studies from different populations, tumor sites, or health care systems have provided inconsistent findings. In the present study, we examine a less well-investigated hypothesis that age plays a crucial role in cancer risks in schizophrenia. ...
Yan Qingli - - 2013
To improve the understanding of the unimolecular decomposition mechanism of nitroglycerin (NG) in the gas phase, density functional theory calculations were performed to determine various decomposition channels at the B3LYP/6-311G** level. For the unimolecular decomposition mechanism of NG, we find two main mechanisms: (I) homolytic cleavage of O-NO(2) to form ...
Rekhraj Sushma - - 2013
To the Editor: In the study by Thiele et al. (Oct. 4 issue)(1) on the use of intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) in patients with cardiogenic shock caused by acute myocardial infarction, the authors' conclusion that IABP did not significantly reduce 30-day mortality has to be taken with caution. In one ...
Turkington Jennifer R - - 2013
Interactions, particularly hydrogen bonds, between ligands in the outer coordination spheres of metal complexes have a major effect on their stabilities in the hydrocarbon solvents used in commercial solvent extraction and it is now possible to use these interactions to tune the strength and selectivity of extractants.
Yamamoto Soichiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of using gelatin-microbial transglutaminase (gelatin-mTG) complex for treating experimental retinal detachment. METHODS: Vitrectomy with artificial posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) followed by induction of a retinal tear and detachment was performed in rabbit eyes. Gelatin-mTG complex or gelatin alone (control) was placed on the retinal tears. ...
- - 2013
A Tickling in the Ear (September 20, 2012;367:e17). In the second and third sentences (page e17), "tick" should have been "bug." Also, several sentences should not have been included: the sixth sentence, beginning "The tick was identified . . ."; the sentence that follows, beginning "This tick can serve"; and ...
Weatherly Jeffrey N - - 2013
The gambling functional assessment-revised (GFA-R) was designed to assess whether the respondent's gambling was maintained by positive reinforcement or escape. The present study attempted to validate the GFA-R's psychometric properties using United Kingdom (UK) university students and to compare the results to those from a sample of American university students. ...
Dong Yuefu - - 2013
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is believed to result from high levels of contact stresses on the articular cartilage and meniscus after meniscal damage. This study investigated the effect of meniscal tears and partial meniscectomies on the peak compressive and shear stresses in the human knee joint. An elaborate three-dimensional finite element ...
Kawasuji Michio - - 2013
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been developed as revascularization techniques for coronary artery disease. CABG offers a survival advantage over medical therapy, especially for high-risk coronary patients, whereas PCI is the most frequent initial procedure to treat multi-vessel coronary artery disease, because it is ...
- - 2013
To the Editor: In the study by Thiele et al. (Oct. 4 issue)(1) on the use of intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) in patients with cardiogenic shock caused by acute myocardial infarction, the authors' conclusion that IABP did not significantly reduce 30-day mortality has to be taken with caution. In one ...
Gude Tore - - 2013
Objectives. To investigate the relationship between the length of a medical consultation in a general practice setting and the biopsychosocial information obtained by the physician, and to explore the characteristics of young physicians obtaining comprehensive, especially psychosocial information. Design. A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study. Setting. Videotaped consultations with standardized patients ...
You Yu - - 2013
Background/Aims: This study aims to summarize the diagnosis and management experience of adult choledochal cyst (CC) patients and highlights our experience of reoperation cases. Methodology: The clinical data of 65 adult patients with CCs at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between 2007 and 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. ...
Lingwood Mark D - - 2013
We compare diffusion activation energy measurements in a hydrated perfluorosulfonate ionomer and aqueous solutions of triflic acid. These measurements provide insight into water transport dynamics on sub-nm length scales, and gauge the contribution of the polymer sidechain terminal group. Future membrane materials design will hinge on detailed understanding of transport ...
Quigley A F - - 2013
Injury to nerve tissue in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) results in long-term impairment of limb function, dysaesthesia and pain, often with associated psychological effects. Whilst minor injuries can be left to regenerate without intervention and short gaps up to 2 cm can be sutured, larger or more severe injuries commonly ...
- - 2013
To the Editor: Redelmeier et al. (Sept. 27 issue)(1) report the association between physicians' warnings to unfit drivers and a significant increase in patients' depression, as measured by the rate of emergency department visits for depression. Driving cessation has been correlated with increased depressive symptoms(2) and social isolation(3) and a ...
Boattini Alessio - - 2013
East Africa (EA) has witnessed pivotal steps in the history of human evolution. Due to its high environmental and cultural variability, and to the long-term human presence there, the genetic structure of modern EA populations is one of the most complicated puzzles in human diversity worldwide. Similarly, the widespread Afro-Asiatic ...
Hou Gonglin - - 2013
The structural asymmetry of bilateral hippocampus in mammals has been well recognized. Recent findings highlighted the accompanying functional asymmetries, as well as the molecular differences of the hippocampus. The present paper summarized these recent advances in understanding the hippocampal asymmetries at molecular, circuit and functional levels. Additionally, the addition of ...
Ahlén Gerd Carlsson - - 2013
Objective. To study whether the physician's evaluation of the consultation correlates to patient outcome one month later concerning symptom relief, sick leave, and drug compliance as perceived by the patient. The study also investigated whether the patient's evaluation of the consultation correlated to patient outcome. Design. A longitudinal study using ...
Chen Dong - - 2013
We evaluate the safety, efficacy, and oncological outcomes of early palliative photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) by GreenLight high-performance system (HPS) 120-W laser in patients with acute urinary retention (AUR) induced by advanced prostate cancer (PCa). A total of 39 advanced PCa patients with AUR who underwent PVP were ...
Kuranchie-Mensah Harriet - - 2013
The study was carried out to determine the levels of organochlorine pesticide residue in five fish species Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus, Hepsetus odoe, Tilapia zilli, Heterotis niloticus and Oreochromis niloticus from the Densu river basin (Weija) in Ghana. The fishes sampled from the Weija fish landing site were selected on the basis ...
Aguilera-Luiz Maria M - - 2013
A simple and rapid method is described for the determination of veterinary drug (VD) residues in honey samples using turbulent flow chromatography coupled to ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (TFC-UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS). Honey samples were diluted with an aqueous solution of Na2EDTA (0.1 M). Then, they were injected into the chromatographic ...
Salonia Andrea - - 2013
PURPOSE: We sought whether serum total testosterone (tT), estradiol (E(2)), tT/E(2) ratio, and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) significantly fluctuate throughout time in men with prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: Circulating hormones were measured in a cohort of 631 candidates for radical prostatectomy. Hormone levels were analyzed according to either patient age, ...
Cheng Shigang - - 2013
Successful culturing of neurons from adult animals has been historically difficult for a relatively long time. In this study, we reported the development of a novel method for the isolation and the culture of major pelvic ganglion (MPG) neurons from adult rat. The cultured cells were identified by neuron morphology ...
Kråkvik Bodil - - 2013
Kråkvik, B., Stiles, T. & Hugdahl, K. (2013). Experiencing malevolent voices is associated with attentional dysfunction in psychotic patients. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. Inattention in people with schizophrenia is common. However, there has been little research on the association between inattention and auditory hallucinations. The aim of the study was ...
Poordad Fred - - 2013
There is a need for interferon-free treatment regimens for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The goal of this study was to evaluate ABT-450, a potent HCV NS3 protease inhibitor, combined with low-dose ritonavir (ABT-450/r), in addition to ABT-333, a nonnucleoside NS5B polymerase inhibitor, and ribavirin, for the treatment of HCV ...
Troiani Teresa - - 2013
A number of anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been recently developed for the treatment of refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). These mAbs, blocking ligand/receptor interactions, exert their biological activity via multiple mechanisms, including inhibition of cell cycle progression, potentiation of cell apoptosis, inhibition of angiogenesis, tumor cell invasion and metastasis ...
Buoli Massimiliano - - 2013
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonine reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) together with pregabalin are actually considered by international guidelines as the first-line choice for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) treatment. However, 50% of GAD patients have poor response to first-line treatments and different molecules, such as atypical antipsychotics and mood stabilizers, ...
Antoniu Sabina Antonela - - 2013
In asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the inflammation in the airways cannot always be controlled with conventional therapies, such as inhaled corticosteroids. Addition of more specific anti-inflammatory therapies, such as monoclonal antibodies, against inflammation pathways might improve the disease outcome. This review individually discusses the major inflammation pathways ...
Kákošová Anna - - 2013
Galactoglucomannan oligosaccharides seem to interact with auxin in xylogenic cell culture, thus influencing mainly metaxylem-like tracheary element differentiation depending on timing with hormones and the process kinetics. Complex mapping of Zinnia mesophyll cell transdifferentiation into tracheary elements with or without prior cell division was documented after palisade and spongy parenchyma ...
Gravesen Eva - - 2013
Focus on non-classical effects and possible less side effects of treatment with nutritional vitamin D, raises the expectation of possible benefits from treating chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with ergocalciferol (vitamin D2). Treatment with 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D (calcitriol) induces elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), while epidemiological studies have found ...
Niazi Imran Khan IK Department of Health Science and Technology, Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction, Aalborg University, Aalborg, - - 2013
To allow a routinely use of brain-computer interfaces (BCI), there is a need to reduce or completely eliminate the time-consuming part of the individualized training of the user. In this study, we investigate the possibility of avoiding the individual training phase in the detection of movement intention in asynchronous BCIs ...
Huot Philippe P Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, ON, - - 2013
L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA)-induced dyskinesia is a complication of dopaminergic treatment in Parkinson's disease. Lowering the L-DOPA dose reduces dyskinesia but also reduces the antiparkinsonian benefit. A therapy that could enhance the antiparkinsonian action of low-dose L-DOPA (LDl) without exacerbating dyskinesia would thus be of considerable therapeutic benefit. This study assessed whether ...
Gane Edward J EJ New Zealand Liver Transplant Unit, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2013
The standard treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is interferon, which is administered subcutaneously and can have troublesome side effects. We evaluated sofosbuvir, an oral nucleotide inhibitor of HCV polymerase, in interferon-sparing and interferon-free regimens for the treatment of HCV infection. We provided open-label treatment to eight groups of ...
Zou Shien S Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200011, - - 2013
CYP1B1 encodes an estrogen enzyme that oxidizes 17β-estradiol to 4-hydroxyestradiol. The evidence demonstrates there may be a relationship between CYP1B1 and thyroid function. To date, no study has evaluated if genetic polymorphisms that regulate concentrations of serum FT3 and FT4 contribute to Polycyctic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). To identify polymorphisms in ...
Tang H H Department of Surgery and Immunology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2013
Despite significant strides made in the clinical translation of adoptive immune cell therapies, it is apparent that many tumors incorporate strategies to avoid recognition by receptors expressed on the immune cells, such as NKG2D. Strategies that stabilize the expression of ligands for these receptors may enhance the therapeutic potential of ...
Kuehn Esther - - 2013
Recent studies indicate that the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) is active not only when touch is physically perceived but also when it is merely observed to be experienced by another person. This social responsivity of S1 has important implications for our understanding of S1 functioning. However, S1 activity during touch ...
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