Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3299
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Motamedi Mahmood - - 2013
The aim of the current study was to evaluate for the first time the hippocampal changes in patients with pure sleep and pure waking epilepsy. A total of 35 patients with pure partial onset sleep epilepsy and 35 patients with pure partial onset waking epilepsy matched for age and sex ...
Fallon Sara C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The contemporary management of children with ileocolic intussusception often includes pneumatic reduction. While failure of the procedure or recurrence after reduction can result in the need for surgical treatment, more serious adverse sequelae can occur including perforation and, rarely, tension pneumoperitoneum. During the last year, four cases of perforation ...
Dai Changbo - - 2013
In the present study, we isolated a methionine sulfoxide reductase B gene, termed SlMSRB1, from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). In the organ-specific analysis, high expression levels of SlMSRB1 were detected in red mature fruits, leaves and flowers while low transcriptional levels of SlMSRB1 mRNA were observed in stems and roots. In ...
Vijayasree V - - 2013
A field trial was conducted to study the dissipation kinetics of chlorantraniliprole 18.5 % SC on cowpea fruits. The fruit samples drawn periodically were analyzed by liquid chromatography and tandem mass detection (LC-MS/MS). The initial residues of chlorantraniliprole in cowpea fruits were found to be 0.55 mg kg(-1) which dissipated rapidly, with a ...
O'Reilly Robert J - - 2013
In this study, we investigate the effect of substituents in determining the modes of one-electron reductive cleavage of X-NRR' (X = Cl and Br) molecules. We achieve this through comparison of the calculated gas-phase electron affinities (EAs) and aqueous-phase one-electron reduction potentials (E°'s) for a range of nitrogen-centered radicals ((•)NRR') ...
Manoli Maria - - 2013
A 1-D coordination polymer, constructed using a combination of diols and phenolic oximes, contains a novel [Mn(9)] sub-unit, a nanosized [Mn(40)] octagonal super-structure and a [Mn(21)] repeating unit.
Min Hyung-Ki - - 2013
The nitrogen-substituted delaminated ITQ-2 zeolite was found to be a highly active and recyclable catalyst for the Knoevenagel condensation of bulky aromatic aldehydes with ethyl cyanoacetate which cannot take place over the base sites placed within the micropores of conventional zeolites due to spatial limitations.
Li Bo - - 2013
A phytochemical investigation of the cone of Pseudolarix amabilis led to the isolation of pseudolarenone (), a structurally novel pentacyclic (5/11/5/6/5) nortriterpenoid lactone with an unprecedented carbon skeleton featuring a unique bicyclo[8.2.1]tridecane core. Its structure and absolute configurations were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction (CuK(α)).
Rokutanda Ryo - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of mizoribine (MZR), an inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, in patients with connective tissue diseases (CTDs) other than rheumatoid arthritis. We identified all patients who had ever been treated with MZR for CTDs at our institution during the ...
Chang Tzu-Hao - - 2013
The function of a protein is generally related to its subcellular localization. Therefore, knowing its subcellular localization is helpful in understanding its potential functions and roles in biological processes. This work develops a hybrid method for computationally predicting the subcellular localization of eukaryotic protein. The method is called EuLoc and ...
Miyazaki Tatsuya - - 2013
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the premalignant lesion from which esophageal adenocarcinoma near the esophagogastric junction arises. The management of BE and the treatment of Barrett's esophageal adenocarcinoma (BEA) are important clinical issues in Europe and the United States. As the Helicobacter pylori infection rate in Japan is decreasing in the ...
Kikuchi-Utsumi Kazue - - 2013
Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant that damages nigrostriatal dopaminergic terminals, primarily by enhancing dopamine and glutamate release. α(1)-adrenergic receptor (AR) subtype involved in METH-induced neurotoxicity in rats was investigated using selective α(1)-AR antagonists. METH neurotoxicity was evaluated by (1) measuring body temperature; (2) determining tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity levels; (3) ...
Yoo Hana - - 2013
Children's empathy and prosocial behavior play an important role in their social competence. Of the influential factors, research has demonstrated that parental behaviors and the quality of the parent-child relationship are important correlates of children's development of empathy and prosocial behavior. The current study examined the associations between different types ...
Singh Satyavan - - 2013
Field experiments were conducted in open top chamber during rabi seasons of 2009-10 and 2010-11 at the research farm of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi to study the effect of tropospheric ozone (O(3)) and carbon dioxide (CO(2)) interaction on yield and nutritional quality of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea ...
Bornot Aurelie - - 2013
The traditional drug discovery strategy of pursuing "one compound - one target" has had difficulties delivering novel therapies for complex diseases currently lacking adequate treatments. An alternative and complementary approach is the design of multi-targeted modulators simultaneously addressing multiple pathological mechanisms or overcoming pathway robustness. In this study, we propose ...
Gupta Ravi - - 2013
Our clinical experience suggested existence of a third group, stage-independent-OSA besides two known groups: REM-dependent-OSA and NREM-dependent-OSA. This study was planned to compare the characteristics of this group with the other two. All the subjects undergoing diagnostic video-polysomnographies with AHI >5/h were included in this study. Based upon the ratio of ...
Wu Chia-Ming - - 2013
A MOF-5 [Zn(4)O(BDC)(3); BDC = 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate]@SBA-15 hybrid material has been prepared by using SBA-15 as a matrix. This hybrid material exhibits improved hydrostability under ambient conditions and unique gas adsorption behavior compared with pristine MOF-5.
Cowper-Smith Christopher D - - 2013
Objective: To determine if cochlear implant (CI) patients exhibit a temporal processing deficit for auditory stimuli, by examining refractory effects of the N1 event-related potential (ERP) component. Design: CI patients and normally-hearing controls were tested in an auditory refractory period paradigm while ERP recordings were collected across the scalp. Participants ...
Ch'ng Ewe Seng - - 2013
Tumor-associated macrophages play a crucial role in breast cancer progression and tumor angiogenesis. However, evaluation of tumor-associated macrophages incorporating their histological locations is lacking. The aim of this study was to clarify whether macrophages in tumor stroma and macrophages in tumor cell nests have distinctive properties in relation to pertinent ...
Dong Lin - - 2013
Two new ent-3,4-seco-labdane diterpenoids, methylcallicarpate (1) and callicarpic acid (2), were isolated from the leaves of Callicarpa nudiflora Hook et Arn. Their structures and relative configurations were established by analysis of spectroscopic data. Their absolute configurations were assigned by the application of the CD technique for the first time among ...
Négrier C - - 2013
Factor VIII Inhibitor Bypassing Activity (FEIBA) can effectively achieve haemostasis in haemophilia patients with inhibitors. Further evaluation of FEIBA in surgical settings is of significant interest considering the relatively limited prospective data published to date. The aim of the study is to evaluate the perioperative efficacy and safety of FEIBA ...
Li Qi - - 2013
80 - 90% of primary liver cancer cases originate from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which has been regarded as the fifth most common cancer and the third most fatal reason responsible for cancer-related death in the world.(1) Current therapeutic options including surgical resection, liver transplantation and chemoembolization are only used at ...
Evander Mikael - - 2013
We present the design and performance characteristics of a platelet analysis platform based on a microfluidic impedance cytometer. Dielectrophoretic focusing is used to centre cells in a fluid stream, which then forms the core of a two-phase flow (dielectric focusing). This flow then passes between electrodes for analysis by differential ...
Kitaguchi Tetsuya - - 2013
Intracellular cAMP and Ca2+ are important second messengers that regulate insulin secretion in pancreatic β cells. However, the molecular mechanism underlying their mutual interaction for exocytosis is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the interplay between intracellular cAMP and Ca2+ concentrations ([cAMP]i and [Ca2+]i, respectively) in the pancreatic ...
Hemami Hooshang - - 2013
A basal ganglia central pattern generator (CPG) is developed and its role in voluntary movements on the ground and postural reactions on a disturbed platform are studied and analysed by simulation. Biped dynamics and platform kinematics are utilised. The effects of agonist-antagonist muscular co-activation and joint stiffness are formulated. The ...
Wu Mingxing - - 2013
The dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) using SnO(2) and Nb(2)O(5) counter electrodes (CEs) prepared in N(2) atmosphere yielded power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of 6.09% and 4.65%, much higher than the PCE values (1.84%, 0.97%) of the DSCs using the same SnO(2) and Nb(2)O(5) CEs prepared in air.
Durie Brian - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: Advances in survival in multiple myeloma have focused payer attention on the cost of care. An assessment was conducted to compare the costs of two recent treatments for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (rrMM), from the perspective of a United States (US) payer. Methods: An economic model estimated the total ...
Rodríguez Nelson A - - 2013
A 29-year-old man presented with blurred vision, photophobia, and pain after trauma to his left eye caused by a screwdriver. He had a history of moderate myopia (visual acuity, 20/25) and had undergone uneventful bilateral laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) 10 years previously. On examination, he had a 180-degree traumatic ...
Kumar Mukesh - - 2013
Formation of cyclic intermediates involving water or ammonia loss is a common occurrence in any reaction involving terminal amines or hydroxyl group containing species. Proteins that have both these functional groups in abundance are no exception, and presence of amino acids such as asparagine, glutamines, aspartic acids, and glutamic acids ...
Murakami Daiki - - 2013
The wetting behavior of superhydrophilic polyelectrolyte brushes was investigated. Reflection interference contrast microscopy demonstrated that the contact angles of water on the polyelectrolyte brushes were extremely low but remained finite in the range of < 3°. The presence of water molecules was evident, even outside the macroscopic water droplet. These ...
Li He - - 2013
The impact of pollutants from road runoff on receiving water bodies becomes increasingly serious. However, less is known about the study on the distribution of metal speciation in particles with different sizes, and the interaction among metal speciation. Our research is aimed at investigating speciation distribution of copper (Cu) and ...
Hamwieh A - - 2013
A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population, comprising 181 lines derived from ILC588 × ILC3279, was evaluated in 10 environments across three locations with different moisture gradients. A drought resistance score (DRS) and three phenology traits-plant height (PLHT), days to flowering (DFLR), and days to maturity (MAT)-were recorded along with seven yield-related traits-grain ...
Collinge Mark - - 2013
Abstract Establishing an in vivo cell-mediated immunity (CMI) assay, such as the delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) assay, has been identified as an important gap and recommended to receive highest priority for new model development in several workshops on developmental immunotoxicity. A Candida albicans DTH model has recently been developed that has ...
Dahdaleh Fadi S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors of the small bowel (SBNETs) are a rare but important subgroup of malignancies. Since 30 % of SBNETs present with metastatic disease, often with an occult primary, preoperative imaging is critical for determining who will benefit most from abdominal exploration. We set out to evaluate the usefulness of ...
Salimi Fereshteh - - 2013
Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effects of hand exercise using a tourniquet on arteriovenous fistula (AVF) maturity in patients with end stage renal disease.
Methods: Fifty patients were randomly allocated to 2 groups with 25 patients. After creating an AVF, in the control group, patients were asked to ...
Alies Bruno - - 2013
Combined coordination of Zn(II) and Cu(I) or Cu(II) to the amyloid-β peptide has been investigated using XANES, EPR and NMR spectroscopies. While Zn(II) does alter Cu(II) binding to Aβ, this has no effect on (Aβ)Cu induced ROS production and associated cell toxicity.
Yan Yan - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to detect the clinicopathology of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) occurring synchronously with gastric adenocarcinomas and to unveil the potential underlying relationship between the synchronous GIST and gastric adenocarcinoma. This study included 15 patients with incidental GISTs found during operations for gastric adenocarcinoma and 30 ...
Hu Jian-Guo - - 2013
The conditioned medium from B104 neuroblastoma cells (B104CM) induces proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) in vitro. However, the molecular events that occur during B104CM-induced proliferation of OPCs has not been well clarified. In the present study, using OPCs immunopanned from embryonic day 14 Sprague-Dawley rat spinal cords, we explored ...
Daley Tamara C - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is being identified in an ever-increasing number of countries, including many that are low or middle income (LMIC). Research conducted in these countries requires awareness of unique ethical issues. Drawing on the experience of two organizations that have been involved in conducting and collaborating in ASD ...
Shin In-Soo - - 2013
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been identified as an approach that improves the training of nurses by teaching them how to apply theory to clinical practice and by developing their problem-solving skills, which could be used to overcome environmental constraints within clinical practice. A consensus is emerging that there is a ...
Pimenta Vânia Maria Sartini Dutra - - 2013
The aim of this research was to assess water quality in a stretch of the Paraguay River within the Brazilian Pantanal by means of a micronucleus assay with fish, and by water and sediment physicochemical analysis. Significant increases (p >0.05) in the frequency of micronuclei (MN) and micronucleated cells (MNC) occurred ...
Kang Xiaojiao - - 2013
Hollow and porous structured GdVO4:Dy3+ spheres were fabricated via a facile self-sacrificing templated method. The large cavity allows them to be used as potential hosts for therapeutic drugs, and the porous feature of the shell allows guest molecules to easily pass through the void space and surrounding environment. The samples ...
Kim Jae Heon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between percent-free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in men whose PSA level was 4-10 ng/ml with biopsy-proven prostate status. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2010, the medical records of 495 cases (404 cases without prostate cancer and ...
Oshima Lee Emily - - 2013
Section 3506 of the Affordable Care Act encourages use of shared decision making in health care, but progress on this front has been slow. The first step is for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to begin certifying and implementing patient decision aids.
Stagno Vincenzo - - 2013
Determining the oxygen fugacity of Earth's silicate mantle is of prime importance because it affects the speciation and mobility of volatile elements in the interior and has controlled the character of degassing species from the Earth since the planet's formation. Oxygen fugacities recorded by garnet-bearing peridotite xenoliths from Archaean lithosphere ...
Falcão Ana Sofia - - 2013
Hyperbilirubinemia remains one of the most frequent clinical diagnoses in the neonatal period. This condition may lead to the deposition of unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) in the central nervous system, causing nerve cell damage by molecular and cellular mechanisms that are still being clarified. To date, all the studies regarding bilirubin-induced ...
Dal Monte Massimo - - 2013
Beta-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs) play a role in angiogenic processes that characterize neovascularization-associated retinal diseases, but the role of β3-ARs has not been disclosed yet. We used ex vivo retinal explants to investigate the role of β3-ARs in regulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release associated with hypoxia. Whether nitric oxide ...
Garcia-Borràs Marc - - 2013
In this work we show that the regioselectivity of the Diels-Alder, 1,3-dipolar, and carbene cycloadditions to C(60) changes from the usual [6,6] addition in neutral species to the [5,6] attack when the number of electrons added to the fullerenic cage increases. Changes in the aromaticity of the five- and six-membered ...
Cao Rong - - 2013
Cao, R., Wang, S., Rao, C. & Fu, J. (2013). Task-irrelevant own-race faces capture attention: Eye-tracking evidence. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. To investigate attentional capture by face's race, the current study recorded saccade latencies of eye movement measurements in an inhibition of return (IOR) task. Compared to Caucasian (other-race) faces, ...
Poldervaart Judith M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To improve early diagnostic and therapeutic decision making, we designed the HEART score for chest pain patients in the emergency department (ED). HEART is an acronym of its components: History, ECG, Age, Risk factors and Troponin. Currently, many chest pain patients undergo exercise testing on the consecutive days after ...
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