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Weatherly Jeffrey N - - 2013
The gambling functional assessment-revised (GFA-R) was designed to assess whether the respondent's gambling was maintained by positive reinforcement or escape. The present study attempted to validate the GFA-R's psychometric properties using United Kingdom (UK) university students and to compare the results to those from a sample of American university students. ...
Dong Yuefu - - 2013
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is believed to result from high levels of contact stresses on the articular cartilage and meniscus after meniscal damage. This study investigated the effect of meniscal tears and partial meniscectomies on the peak compressive and shear stresses in the human knee joint. An elaborate three-dimensional finite element ...
Kawasuji Michio - - 2013
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been developed as revascularization techniques for coronary artery disease. CABG offers a survival advantage over medical therapy, especially for high-risk coronary patients, whereas PCI is the most frequent initial procedure to treat multi-vessel coronary artery disease, because it is ...
Hu Jian-Guo - - 2013
The conditioned medium from B104 neuroblastoma cells (B104CM) induces proliferation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) in vitro. However, the molecular events that occur during B104CM-induced proliferation of OPCs has not been well clarified. In the present study, using OPCs immunopanned from embryonic day 14 Sprague-Dawley rat spinal cords, we explored ...
Daley Tamara C - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is being identified in an ever-increasing number of countries, including many that are low or middle income (LMIC). Research conducted in these countries requires awareness of unique ethical issues. Drawing on the experience of two organizations that have been involved in conducting and collaborating in ASD ...
Shin In-Soo - - 2013
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been identified as an approach that improves the training of nurses by teaching them how to apply theory to clinical practice and by developing their problem-solving skills, which could be used to overcome environmental constraints within clinical practice. A consensus is emerging that there is a ...
Gravesen Eva - - 2013
Focus on non-classical effects and possible less side effects of treatment with nutritional vitamin D, raises the expectation of possible benefits from treating chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with ergocalciferol (vitamin D2). Treatment with 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D (calcitriol) induces elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), while epidemiological studies have found ...
Pimenta Vânia Maria Sartini Dutra - - 2013
The aim of this research was to assess water quality in a stretch of the Paraguay River within the Brazilian Pantanal by means of a micronucleus assay with fish, and by water and sediment physicochemical analysis. Significant increases (p >0.05) in the frequency of micronuclei (MN) and micronucleated cells (MNC) occurred ...
Kang Xiaojiao - - 2013
Hollow and porous structured GdVO4:Dy3+ spheres were fabricated via a facile self-sacrificing templated method. The large cavity allows them to be used as potential hosts for therapeutic drugs, and the porous feature of the shell allows guest molecules to easily pass through the void space and surrounding environment. The samples ...
Kim Jae Heon - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between percent-free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in men whose PSA level was 4-10 ng/ml with biopsy-proven prostate status. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2010, the medical records of 495 cases (404 cases without prostate cancer and ...
Sotgiu Giovanni - - 2013
To the Editor: In their historical overview of global efforts to control tuberculosis, Keshavjee and Farmer (Sept. 6 issue)(1) argue that the prioritization of global health funding based on measurable outcomes and high-return investments contributed to the fragmentation of primary health care. We agree but acknowledge that it can be ...
Salinas-Castillo Alfonso - - 2013
Carbon dots were synthesized by a simple and green strategy for selective and sensitive Cu(2+) ion detection using both down and upconversion fluorescence. These fluorescent nanosensors show low cytotoxicity and are applied for intracellular sensing and imaging of Cu(2+) in biological systems.
Tan Jing Wang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Bismuth type IV hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) tumors are usually considered unresectable. The strategies of high hilar resection while preserving liver parenchyma can achieve potentially one-stage curative resection for this condition. The aim of the present study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of available strategies. METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive ...
Greene M Claire - - 2013
The burden of HIV/AIDS in China is due to injection drug use. Non-clinical caregivers provide much of the care for HIV patients but are often not included in HIV care or research. The objective of this study is to examine the relationships between the caregiver context and mental health of ...
Dönmez Salim - - 2013
We evaluated the frequency of secondary amyloidosis, associated clinical features, and outcomes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients diagnosed in the last decade. The medical records of AS patients diagnosed at single academic medical center were reviewed for clinical evidence of amyloidosis. During routine follow-up, routine urinalysis was performed at each ...
Feng Baozhen - - 2013
Phytophthora spp. is a primary pathogen in oomycete, causing economically and environmentally devastating epidemics of plants. Laccases have been found in all domains of life but have not been reported in oomycte. In this paper, laccase genes of Phytophthora spp. were identified in three genomes (Phytophthora capsici, Phytophthora sojae and ...
Cosmides Leda - - 2013
Evolutionary psychology is the second wave of the cognitive revolution. The first wave focused on computational processes that generate knowledge about the world: perception, attention, categorization, reasoning, learning, and memory. The second wave views the brain as composed of evolved computational systems, engineered by natural selection to use information to ...
Imai Norio N Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, 1-757 Asahimachidori, Niigata, Japan. - - 2013
Pelvic flexion affects orientation of the acetabular cup; however, pelvic position is not static in daily activities. During THA it is difficult to know the degree of pelvic flexion with the patient in the lateral position and that position is static. However, surgeons need to appropriately determine pelvic tilt to ...
Tanaka H - - 2013
The liver is an important organ that contributes to milk production in dairy cows. The aim of this study was to examine whether liver conditions affect the characteristics of blood plasma and follicular fluid (FF) and whether supplementing in vitro maturation medium with FF from either cows with damaged livers ...
Wahba Roger - - 2013
Background/Aims: Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN) are rare liver lesions. Radiological features include internal septa or septal thickening. Imaging often fails in the differential diagnosis to non-parasitic liver cysts (NPLC), resulting in inadequate surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate if both lesions could be differentiated pre-operatively. Methodology: Retrospective ...
Zafar Muhammad Ahsan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Dynamic hyperinflation (DH) causes exercise limitation and exertional dyspnea in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exertional desaturation (ED) also occurs commonly in COPD but neither routine physiologic parameters nor imaging predict ED accurately. In this study we evaluated the relationship between DH and ED during 6-min walk ...
Digangi Julia - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating anxiety disorder. Surveys of the general population suggest that while 50-85% of Americans will experience a traumatic event in their lifetime, only 2-50% will develop PTSD. Why some individuals develop PTSD following trauma exposure while others remain resilient is a central ...
Mason Claire E - - 2013
Single-stranded DNA-binding proteins (SSBs) are ubiquitous oligomeric proteins that bind with very high affinity to single-stranded DNA and have a variety of essential roles in DNA metabolism. Nanoelectrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nanoESI-MS) was used to monitor subunit exchange in full-length and truncated forms of the homotetrameric SSB from Escherichia coli. ...
Rosendal Marianne - - 2013
Objective. To estimate the frequency of psychological and social classification codes employed by general practitioners (GPs) and to explore the extent to which GPs ascribed health problems to biomedical, psychological, or social factors. Design. A cross-sectional survey based on questionnaire data from GPs. Setting. Danish primary care. Subjects. 387 GPs ...
Aoki Yusuke - - 2013
The anthraquinone-sialic acid hybrids designed effectively degraded not only non-drug-resistant neuraminidase but also drug-resistant neuraminidase, which is an important target of anti-influenza therapy. Degradation was achieved using long-wavelength UV radiation in the absence of any additives and under neutral conditions. Moreover, the hybrids efficiently inhibited neuraminidase activities upon photo-irradiation.
Durmus Dilek - - 2013
The aim of this trial is to investigate and compare the effects of phonophoresis (PP) and ultrasound (US) therapy on pain, disability, trunk muscle strength, walking performance, spinal mobility, quality of life (QOL), and depression in the patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). A total of 60 patients with ...
Shi Qi - - 2013
Caveolin-1 is one of the major constituents of caveolae. Both Cav-1 and PrP are plasma membrane proteins, which show active capacities for molecular interactions with many other proteins or agents, including themselves. Using yeast two-hybrid system and immunoprecipitation, we reconfirmed the molecular interaction between human Cav-1 and PrP. With co-immunoprecipitation ...
Shang Youjun - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We examined differences in pathogenicity in pigs from China that had been experimentally infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). METHODS: We compared pathogenic characteristics of a field isolate (GX-1/2008F), two PRRSV isolates (HN-1/2008, YN-1/2008) propagated in cells, and GX-1/2008F that had been propagated in cells ...
Micheli Fabrizio F Drug Design & Discovery, Aptuit Verona srl, Via A Fleming 4, 37135 Verona, Italy. - - 2013
The synthesis and characterization of new highly potent and selective dopamine (DA) D3 receptor antagonists has permitted to characterize the role of the DA D3 receptor in the control of drug-seeking behavior and in the pathophysiology of impulse control disorders and schizophrenia. In the present review, the authors will first ...
Salimi Fereshteh - - 2013
Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effects of hand exercise using a tourniquet on arteriovenous fistula (AVF) maturity in patients with end stage renal disease.
Methods: Fifty patients were randomly allocated to 2 groups with 25 patients. After creating an AVF, in the control group, patients were asked to ...
Alies Bruno - - 2013
Combined coordination of Zn(II) and Cu(I) or Cu(II) to the amyloid-β peptide has been investigated using XANES, EPR and NMR spectroscopies. While Zn(II) does alter Cu(II) binding to Aβ, this has no effect on (Aβ)Cu induced ROS production and associated cell toxicity.
Yan Yan - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to detect the clinicopathology of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) occurring synchronously with gastric adenocarcinomas and to unveil the potential underlying relationship between the synchronous GIST and gastric adenocarcinoma. This study included 15 patients with incidental GISTs found during operations for gastric adenocarcinoma and 30 ...
Zou Shien S Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200011, - - 2013
CYP1B1 encodes an estrogen enzyme that oxidizes 17β-estradiol to 4-hydroxyestradiol. The evidence demonstrates there may be a relationship between CYP1B1 and thyroid function. To date, no study has evaluated if genetic polymorphisms that regulate concentrations of serum FT3 and FT4 contribute to Polycyctic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). To identify polymorphisms in ...
Chou Yi-Sheng - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes are favorable for patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and for patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET). However, hemorrhage is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in those patients. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited 247 patients who had received a diagnosis of PV (n=101) or ET (n=146) during the ...
Moormann Stephanie - - 2013
The patterning cascade model of tooth morphogenesis has emerged as a useful tool in explaining how tooth shape develops and how tooth evolution may occur. Enamel knots, specialized areas of dental epithelium where cusps initiate, act as signaling centers that direct the growth of surrounding tissues. For a new cusp ...
Rance Graham A - - 2013
Copper-nanoparticle catalytic centres anchored at the graphitic step-edges within hollow carbon nanoreactors exhibit superior activity and stability in cycloaddition reactions as compared to catalytic centres outside the nanoreactors. Nanoscale confinement enables efficient recycling of the catalyst in preparative-scale synthesis without significant changes in activity.
Bulsink Arjan - - 2013
Background Oncology patients are more at risk for drug related problems because of treatment with (combinations of) anticancer drugs, as they have a higher risk for organ failure or altered metabolism with progression of their disease. Objective The aim of this study was to characterize and to evaluate the frequency ...
Chen Yiru - - 2013
KEY MESSAGE : Auxin responsive promoter DR5 reporter system is functional in Populus to monitor auxin response in tissues including leaves, roots, and stems. We described the behavior of the DR5::GUS reporter system in stably transformed Populus plants. We found several similarities with Arabidopsis, including sensitivity to native and synthetic ...
Zhang Xuehong X Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Plasma estrogen and androgen levels are positively associated with postmenopausal breast cancer risk, but how long a single blood measurement can predict risk and whether the associations vary by tumor hormone receptor status remain unclear. We conducted nested case-control analyses within the Nurses' Health Study. Blood samples were collected in ...
Kuyama Hiroki - - 2013
We previously identified and characterized a novel hepatopancreas-type prophenoloxidase from kuruma prawn, Marsupenaeus japonicus. In the characterization, this enzyme was indicated to have a feature of a signal peptide at its N-terminus. The putative primary structure was then proposed but its N- and C-terminal sequences remained undetermined. In the present ...
Daste Amaury - - 2013
Treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma has radically changed during the last decade with the approval of new drugs, antiangiogenic agents and mammalian targets of rapamycin (m-TOR) inhibitors. The outcome of metastatic clear-cell carcinoma has been significantly improved, while other entities such as metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma are still ...
Chen Lichao L Research Service, VA Boston Healthcare System, Brockton, MA, USA. - - 2013
Dysfunction of the orexin/hypocretin neurotransmitter system causes the sleep disorder narcolepsy, characterized by intrusion of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep-like events into normal wakefulness. The sites where orexins act to suppress REM sleep are incompletely understood. Previous studies suggested that the lateral pontomesencephalic tegmentum (lPMT) contains an important REM sleep ...
Tasselli M - - 2013
Background  The systemic rotenone model of Parkinson's disease (PD) accurately replicates many aspects of the pathology of human PD, especially neurodegeneration of the substantia nigra and lesions in the enteric nervous system (ENS). Nevertheless, the precise effects of oral rotenone on the ENS have not been addressed yet. This study ...
Guo Yong - - 2013
Background/Aims: To study the expression of CD4+CD25+CD127low/- regulatory T cells and Foxp3 in patients with portal hypertension (PH) and hypersplenism, and explore the significance of Treg in immunomodulation of hypersplenism. Methodology: Testing of CD4+CD25+CD127low/- regulatory T cells and CD3+CD4+CD8+ T cells in peripheral venous blood with flow cytometry in 20 ...
Bhargava D - - 2013
Purpose. To know the occurrence and distribution of Pilomyxoid Astrocytomas amongst tumours previously diagnosed histologically as Pilocytic Astrocytoma and to assess the clinical impact of this new entity. Methods. Retrospective Diagnostic review of all cases histologically diagnosed as WHO Grade I Astrocytoma at a single Neurosurgical unit between 1990 and ...
Mahdavi Fard Ali - - 2013
A 19-year-old man presented with a mass in his right eye that had been present since birth but had gradually increased in size. The mass caused vision defects, mild discomfort on blinking, and the intermittent sensation of the presence of a foreign body.
Porter Michelle M - - 2013
To the Editor: Redelmeier et al. (Sept. 27 issue)(1) report the association between physicians' warnings to unfit drivers and a significant increase in patients' depression, as measured by the rate of emergency department visits for depression. Driving cessation has been correlated with increased depressive symptoms(2) and social isolation(3) and a ...
Azab Basem - - 2013
The aim of our study was to assess the predictive value of platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in terms of survival in breast cancer patients. This is an observational study of 437 breast cancer patients treated between January 2004 and December 2006. Survival status was obtained from our ...
Laventie Benoît-Joseph - - 2013
Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) and other S. aureus β-stranded pore-forming toxins are important virulence factors involved in various but often necrotizing pathologies. This study characterized leukotoxin inhibition by selected para-sulfonato-calix[n]arenes (SCn): SC4, SC6 and SC8. These chemicals have no toxic effects on human erythrocytes or neutrophils, and some are able to ...
Oddby-Muhrbeck E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced nausea and vomiting, both post-operatively and following chemotherapy, is often distressing for the patients. Our clinical impression is that certain patients are not prone to but instead protected against both post-operative and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). If support for this hypothesis could be generated, it might be ...
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